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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216842/a-clinical-tool-to-predict-plasmodium-vivax-recurrence-in-malaysia
#1
Norliza Mat Ariffin, Farida Islahudin, Endang Kumolosasi, Mohd Makmor-Bakry
BACKGROUND: Recurrence rates of Plasmodium vivax infections differ across various geographic regions. Interestingly, South-East Asia and the Asia-Pacific region are documented to exhibit the most frequent recurrence incidences. Identifying patients at a higher risk for recurrences gives valuable information in strengthening the efforts to control P. vivax infections. The aim of the study was to develop a tool to identify P. vivax- infected patients that are at a higher risk of recurrence in Malaysia...
December 8, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207817/immunohistochemical-expression-of-cyclo-oxygenase-2-and-liver-x-receptor-%C3%AE-in-acne-vulgaris
#2
Ola Ahmed Bakry, Shawky Mahmoud El Farargy, Noha Nour El Din El Kady, Hend Farag Abu Dawy
Introduction: Acne Vulgaris (AV) is a common inflammatory disease of pilosebaceous units. Liver X Receptor-α (LXR-α) is a ligand activated transcription factor. It controls transcription of genes involved in lipid and fatty acid synthesis. Cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX2) is a rate limiting enzyme in prostaglandin synthesis. It plays important role in inflammation. Aim: To evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of LXR-α and COX2 in acne vulgaris skin biopsies to explore their possible pathogenic role in this disease...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204386/identification-of-genotypes-and-allelic-frequencies-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-taqi-in-egyptian-melasma-patients
#3
Iman Seleit, Ola Ahmed Bakry, Eman Masoud, Shaimaa Nabil
Background: Melasma is a characteristic pattern of facial hyperpigmentation, occurring primarily on the forehead, cheeks, and chin, in a mask-like distribution. The pathogenesis of melasma is not fully understood. Vitamin D plays a role in skin pigmentation. It exerts its effect through vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is expressed in variable cells including normal melanocytes. Aim and Objective: The aim of the current work was to investigate if VDR gene polymorphism (TaqI) confers susceptibility to melasma in Egyptian patients...
November 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180023/effect-of-patiromer-on-hyperkalemia-recurrence-in-older-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-on-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-inhibitors
#4
Matthew R Weir, David A Bushinsky, Wade W Benton, Steven D Woods, Martha R Mayo, Susan P Arthur, Bertram Pitt, George L Bakris
BACKGROUND: Older people are predisposed to hyperkalemia because of impaired renal function, comorbid conditions, and polypharmacy. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi), guideline-recommended for the treatment of chronic kidney disease and heart failure, further augment the risk. Patiromer, a nonabsorbed potassium binder, was shown in a phase 3 study (OPAL-HK) to decrease serum potassium in patients with chronic kidney disease on RAASi. We studied the efficacy and safety of patiromer in a prespecified subgroup of patients aged ≥65 years from OPAL-HK...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161980/prognostic-impact-of-cd200-and-cd56-expression-in-adult-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-patients
#5
Salah Aref, Emad Azmy, Kadry El-Bakry, Lobna Ibrahim, Mohamed Mabed
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to determine the prognostic relevance of CD200/ CD56 expression in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. METHODS: The expression of CD200 and CD56 by blast cells was assessed by flow cytometry before the start of chemotherapy in 70 B-ALL patients. RESULTS: Positive expression of CD200 was detected in forty-six patients (66%) and CD56 was detected in 7 patients (10%) out of 70 patients, respectively...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151038/initial-single-pill-blood-pressure-lowering-therapy-should-it-be-for-most-people
#6
EDITORIAL
Omar Al Dhabyi, George L Bakris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144828/prognostic-impact-of-cd200-and-cd56-expression-in-pediatric-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-patients
#7
Salah Aref, Emad Azmy, Kadry El-Bakry, Lobna Ibrahim, Sherin Abdel Aziz
This study aimed to determine the prognostic impact of CD200 and CD56 expression in pediatric B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients, both of which have been implicated in immune tolerance and previously suggested as independent risk factors. CD200 has a central role in immune tolerance that protects stem cells and other critical tissues from immune damage. The expression of CD200/CD56 in leukemic blasts were assessed in leukemic blasts before chemotherapy in 43 bone marrow (BM) and/or peripheral blood (PB) samples by flow cytometry...
November 16, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138540/a-qualitative-study-exploring-issues-related-to-medication-management-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#8
Mariani Ahmad Nizaruddin, Marhanis-Salihah Omar, Adliah Mhd-Ali, Mohd Makmor-Bakry
Background: Globally, the population of older people is on the rise. As families are burdened with the high cost of care for aging members, demand is increasing for medical care and nursing homes. Thus, medication management is crucial to ensure that residents in a care center benefit and assist the management of the care center in reducing the burden of health care. This study is aimed to qualitatively explore issues related to medication management in residential aged care facilities (RACFs)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132549/association-of-copy-number-variations-in-complement-factor-h-related-genes-among-age-related-macular-degenerative-subjects
#9
Norshakimah Md Bakri, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Hoo Fan Kee, Visvaraja Subrayan, Hazlita Isa, Nor Fariza Ngah, Nur Afiqah Mohamad, Ching Siew Mooi, Chan Yoke Mun, Patimah Ismail, Fazliana Ismail, Erma Suryana Sukiman, Wan Alia Wan Sulaiman
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most widely recognised cause of irreversible vision loss and previous studies have suggested that the advancement of wet AMD is influenced by both modifiable and non-modifiable elements. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) and copy number of variations (CNVs) have been associated with AMD in various populations, however the results are conflicting. Our aim is to determine the CNVs of Complement Factor H-Related genes among Malaysian subjects with wet AMD. 130 patients with wet AMD and 120 healthy controls were included in this research...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131100/association-of-p53-codon-72-polymorphism-with-breast-cancer-in-a-rwandese-population
#10
Thierry Habyarimana, Mohammed Attaleb, Pacifique Mugenzi, Jean Baptiste Mazarati, Youssef Bakri, Mohammed El Mzibri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A common polymorphism in the tumor suppressor gene p53 at codon 72 has been suggested to play a role in the development of a number of cancers. This polymorphism has been studied in many populations worldwide, with conflicting results. The present study was planned to assess the association of p53 codon 72 polymorphism with breast cancer development in a Rwandese population. METHODS: In this study, the polymorphism was examined by allele-specific PCR analysis in 40 patients with breast cancer and 39 healthy controls...
November 1, 2017: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115420/construction-of-a-prognostic-prediction-system-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-to-investigate-the-key-prognostic-genes
#11
Bingli Zheng, Jie Peng, Ablikim Mollayup, Ahmat Bakri, Lei Guo, Jianjiang Zheng, Hui Xu
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is associated with high mortality rates and poor prognoses. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the most common type of PC, and almost all cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma are pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aim of the current study was to reveal the genes involved in the prognosis of PDAC. Five datasets, including GSE71729 (145 PDAC samples and 46 normal samples), GSE15471 (39 PDAC samples and 39 normal samples), GSE1542 (24 PDAC samples and 25 normal samples), GSE28735 (45 PDAC samples and 45 normal samples) and GSE62452 (69 PDAC samples and 69 normal samples) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database...
October 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105349/cost-effectiveness-of-bisphosphonates-for-prevention-of-fracture-related-to-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-in-malaysia
#12
Nurul-Ain Mohd-Tahir, Paraidathathu Thomas, Mohd-Shahrir Mohamed-Said, Mohd Makmor-Bakry, Shu-Chuen Li
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoid therapy is associated with an appreciable risk of bone loss leading to fractures that require expensive treatments. This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of bisphosphonates for prevention of hip fracture in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) in Malaysia. METHOD: Retrospective data were collected from GIOP patients referred to the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre. Fracture events and direct medical costs were compared between bisphosphonates and calcium/vitamin D combination...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101187/consequences-of-overinterpreting-serum-creatinine-increases-when-achieving-bp-reduction-balancing-risks-and-benefits-of-bp-reduction-in-hypertension
#13
EDITORIAL
Hala Yamout, George L Bakris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095822/adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines-cpg-management-of-dengue-infection-in-adults-revised-2nd-edition
#14
Marzilawati Abd Rahman, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Roza Sarimin, Mohd Izhar Ariff, Zailiza Suli, Maimunah Mahmud, Ker Hong Bee, Cecilia Anthonysamy, Azahirafairud Abdul Rahim, Balvinder Singh Gill, Shanti Rudra Deva, Ana Fizalinda Abdullah Sani, Erni Zurina Romli, Izzuna Mudla Mohamed Ghazali, Mohd Aminuddin Mohd Yusof, Nafisah Ahmad Lutfi, Shahril Effendi Shuib, Noormah Mohd Darus, Rugayah Bakri, 'Abqariyah Yahya
The Malaysian Dengue Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) have been developed to provide evidence-based guidance in the management of dengue infections. The use of these guidelines is essential to ensure its recommendations are being practiced. However, the adherence to the guidelines for management of dengue (revised 2nd edition) by healthcare providers still remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion among healthcare providers that adhere to this Dengue CPG. A retrospective cohort study of dengue cases registered from 1 January 2014 to 1 June 2015 was conducted in public hospitals and health clinics in Selangor, Putrajaya and Kuala Lumpur...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078257/therapeutic-dose-of-green-tea-extract-provokes-liver-damage-and-exacerbates-paracetamol-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats-through-oxidative-stress-and-caspase-3-dependent-apoptosis
#15
Hanan A El-Bakry, G El-Sherif, Rehab M Rostom
Green tea extract (GTE) is considered to be endowed with countless healthful properties. Nevertheless, data concerning the hepatoprotective activities of GTE and its utilization as a therapeutic intervention for paracetamol (APAP) overdose are conflicting and intriguing. The present study was undertaken to address the effect of therapeutic dose of GTE on the liver, evaluate the potential hepatoprotection of GTE against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity, asses the regenerative capacity of the liver after discontinuation of treatments, and explore the mechanisms underlying these effects...
October 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070948/antibacterial-activity-of-gold-nanorods-against-staphylococcus-aureus-and-propionibacterium-acnes-misinterpretations-and-artifacts
#16
Nouf N Mahmoud, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Enam A Khalil, Amal G Al-Bakri
The antibacterial activity of gold nanorod (GNR) suspensions of different surface functionalities was investigated against standard strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Propionibacterium acnes, taking into consideration two commonly "overlooked" factors: the colloidal stability of GNR suspensions upon mixing with bacterial growth media and the possible contribution of "impurities/molecules" in GNR suspensions to the observed antibacterial activity. The results demonstrated that cationic polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAH)-GNR were severely aggregated when exposed to bacterial growth media compared to other GNR suspensions...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067756/olmesartan-based-monotherapy-vs-combination-therapy-in-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-based-on-age-and-chronic-kidney-disease-status
#17
Prakash Deedwania, Michael Weber, Paul-Egbert Reimitz, George Bakris
Antihypertensive monotherapy is often insufficient to control blood pressure (BP). Several recent guidelines advocate for initial combination drug therapy in many patients. This meta-analysis of seven randomized, double-blind studies (N = 5888) evaluated 8 weeks of olmesartan medoxomil (OM)-based single-pill dual-combination therapy (OM+amlodipine/azelnidipine or hydrochlorothiazide) vs OM monotherapy in adults with hypertension. BP-lowering efficacy, goal achievement, and adverse events were assessed in the full cohort and subgroups (elderly/nonelderly and patients with and without chronic kidney disease)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067679/maternal-morbidity-after-implementation-of-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-protocol-including-use-of-misoprostol
#18
Ricardo Savirón-Cornudella, Luis M Esteban, Ramiro Laborda-Gotor, Belén Rodríguez-Solanilla, Bremen De Mucio, Gerardo Sanz, Sergio Castán-Mateo
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal morbidity before and after implementation of a postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) protocol that included misoprostol. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed using data from 34 631 deliveries recorded at a Spanish hospital between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2014. The PPH protocol was implemented in 2009 and included use of misoprostol and the Bakri balloon. RESULTS: The pre-implementation and post-implementation groups comprised 9394 and 25 237 women, respectively...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064626/high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-examine-examination-of-cardiovascular-outcomes-with-alogliptin-versus-standard-of-care-trial
#19
You-Cheol Hwang, David A Morrow, Christopher P Cannon, Yuyin Liu, Richard Bergenstal, Simon Heller, Cyrus Mehta, William Cushman, George L Bakris, Faiez Zannad, William B White
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) by utilizing high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with type 2 diabetes and recent acute coronary syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Study participants enrolled in the EXAMINE trial, were stratified by baseline hsCRP levels (<1, 1-3, and >3 mg/l) and were also sub-divided into 4 groups according to baseline hsCRP (≤3 or >3 mg/l) and achieved LDL-C (<70 or ≥70 mg/dl) levels...
October 24, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056469/intrauterine-bakri-balloon-and-vaginal-tamponade-combined-with-abdominal-compression-for-the-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#20
Yuna Guo, Renyi Hua, Shoufang Bian, Xianjing Xie, Jue Ma, Yanqin Cai, Suren R Sooranna, Weiwei Cheng
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the effect of Bakri balloon use and vaginal tamponade combined with abdominal compression for the management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed cases of PPH in the International Peace Maternal and Child Health Hospital of China Welfare Institution in Shanghai, China from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. A single use of the intrauterine Bakri balloon was applied in some cases, and additional vaginal tamponade combined with abdominal compression (double compression) was applied in other cases...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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