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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456374/factors-affecting-primaquine-combination-treatment-in-malaria-patients-in-selangor-malaysia
#1
Norliza Mat Ariffin, Farida Islahudin, Mohd Makmor-Bakry, Endang Kumolosasi, Mohd Hafizi A Hamid
Introduction: Primaquine is vital for the management of liver-stage Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale malaria. However, primaquine effectiveness is dependent on various factors and differs between populations. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify factors that affect the length of stay and relapse during primaquine combination treatment in malaria-infected patients in the local setting. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study on the use of primaquine combination among P...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441953/a-cytotoxic-flavonol-glycoside-from-melaleuca-leucadendra-leaves-extract-with-immunostimulant-activity
#2
A N Hashim, N F Swilam, E S Moustafa, S M Bakry, R M Labib, H H Barakat, A B Singab, M W Linscheid, M A Nawwar
Leaves of Melaleuca leucadendra contain the novel flavonol glycoside, myricetin 3-O-β-4C1-galactopyranuronoid. In addition, known fifteen phenolics were identified. All isolates are characterized for the first time from this plant. Structures were established by conventional methods and confirmed by spectral methods of analysis, including one and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1D and 2D-NMR) and high resolution electro-spray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS), as well. Assessment of some immunological and biological efficacy, of the extract in combination with a parallel cytotoxicity evaluation, using the method of cellular reduction of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) technique was carried out...
January 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441304/relationship-between-disease-activity-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-patients-with-vitiligo
#3
Ola Ahmed Bakry, Mohamed Basha, Sally El Hefnawy, Shaimaa Mekkawy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429736/effect-of-ultrasound-on-size-morphology-stability-and-antioxidant-activity-of-selenium-nanoparticles-dispersed-by-a-hyperbranched-polysaccharide-from-lignosus-rhinocerotis
#4
Wenfei Cai, Ting Hu, Amr M Bakry, Zhaomin Zheng, Yidong Xiao, Qilin Huang
The differences between ultrasonic and non-ultrasonic approaches in synthesizing Lignosus rhinocerotis polysaccharide-selenium nanoparticles (LRP-SeNPs) were compared in terms of size, morphology, stability and antioxidant activity by UV-VIS, FT-IR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) with high resolution TEM. Results indicated that the SeNPs were associated with the LRP macromolecules in a physical adsorption pattern without breaking chemical bonds, and the ultrasonic treatment reduced the size of SeNPs, narrowed the size distribution as well as improved the stability...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424470/results-of-accordian-in-accord-with-lower-blood-pressure-begetting-lower-mortality-in-patients-with-diabetes
#5
EDITORIAL
Luke J Laffin, George L Bakris
The ACCORD trial used 2x2 factorial design and enrolled 10,251 participants. The trial recruited patients with Type 2 diabetes and randomized them to two different glucose levels and office systolic blood pressure (SBP) goal of < 140mmHg versus an intensive goal of < 120mmHg.
February 9, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417940/inverse-changes-in-plasma-tetranectin-and-titin-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-potential-predictor-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
Mohd Aizat Abdul Rahim, Zubaidah Haji Abdul Rahim, Wan Azman Wan Ahmad, Marina Mohd Bakri, Muhammad Dzafir Ismail, Onn Haji Hashim
An early intervention using biomarkers to predict acute myocardial infarction (AMI) will effectively reduce global heart attack incidence, particularly among high-risk patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study attempted to identify potential biomarkers by detecting changes in the levels of plasma proteins in T2DM patients following onset of AMI in comparison with those without AMI. Volunteer T2DM patients without AMI (control; n=10) and T2DM patients with AMI (n=10) were recruited. Plasma samples from these patients were evaluated via two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) to screen for proteins with level changes between the two groups...
February 8, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411539/association-between-glutathione-peroxidase-1-codon-198-variant-and-the-occurrence-of-breast-cancer-in-rwanda
#7
Thierry Habyarimana, Youssef Bakri, Pacifique Mugenzi, Jean Baptiste Mazarati, Mohammed Attaleb, Mohammed El Mzibri
BACKGROUND: Glutathione peroxidase 1 gene (GPX1) is one of the antioxidant enzyme that remove the reactive oxygen species in a continuous process. Since the identification of a well-characterized functional polymorphism named p.Pro198Leu (rs1050450 C>T) in GPX1 gene, abundant studies have evaluated the association between p.Pro198Leu polymorphism and tumor risk in diverse population. But, the available results related to breast cancer are conflicting and absent in Africa. The present case-control study was planned to assess the presence of GPX1 Pro198Leu polymorphism in Rwanda population to determine whether it is associated with the risk of developing breast cancer...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407050/blood-pressure-control-and-cardiovascular-renal-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Farheen K Dojki, George L Bakris
Hypertension is an important and modifiable risk factor for the macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes. Prior literature outlines the significance of lowering blood pressure and subsequent cardiovascular and microvascular benefits. Blood pressure targets of less than 140/90 mm Hg are recommended in all adults with diabetes, with lower blood pressure targets of less than 130/80 mm Hg beneficial for those with higher cardiovascular disease risk. Treatment to lower blood pressure is primarily based on a foundation of lifestyle modifications, low sodium diet, exercise, and good sleep hygiene coupled with multiple medication classes such as renin angiotensin system inhibitors...
March 2018: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406340/an-easy-to-use-prognostic-model-for-survival-estimation-for-patients-with-symptomatic-long-bone-metastases
#9
J J Willeumier, Y M van der Linden, C W P G van der Wal, P C Jutte, J M van der Velden, M A Smolle, P van der Zwaal, P Koper, L Bakri, I de Pree, A Leithner, M Fiocco, P D S Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: A survival estimation for patients with symptomatic long bone metastases (LBM) is crucial to prevent overtreatment and undertreatment. This study analyzed prognostic factors for overall survival and developed a simple, easy-to-use prognostic model. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study of 1,520 patients treated for symptomatic LBM between 2000 and 2013 at the radiation therapy and/or orthopaedic departments was performed. Primary tumors were categorized into 3 clinical profiles (favorable, moderate, or unfavorable) according to an existing classification system...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405626/rationale-and-protocol-of-the-study-of-diabetic-nephropathy-with-atrasentan-sonar-trial-a-clinical-trial-design-novel-to-diabetic-nephropathy
#10
Hiddo J L Heerspink, Dennis L Andress, George Bakris, John J Brennan, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Jyotirmoy Dey, Fan-Fan Hou, Dalane W Kitzman, Donald Kohan, Hirofumi Makino, John McMurray, Vlado Perkovic, Sheldon Tobe, Melissa Wigderson, Hans-Henrik Parving, Dick de Zeeuw
AIMS: People with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk for renal events. Recent trials of novel treatments have been negative, possibly because of variability in response to treatment of the target risk factor. Atrasentan is a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist that reduces urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) with a large variability between patients. We are assessing its effect on renal outcomes in the Study of Diabetic Nephropathy with atrasentan (SONAR; NCT01858532) with an enrichment design (>30% lowering of albuminuria) to select patients most likely to benefit...
February 6, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402767/bardoxolone-methyl-improves-kidney-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-4-and-type-2-diabetes-post-hoc-analyses-from-bardoxolone-methyl-evaluation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-study
#11
Melanie P Chin, George L Bakris, Geoffrey A Block, Glenn M Chertow, Angie Goldsberry, Lesley A Inker, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Megan O'Grady, Pablo E Pergola, Christoph Wanner, David G Warnock, Colin J Meyer
BACKGROUND: Increases in measured inulin clearance, measured creatinine clearance, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have been observed with bardoxolone methyl in 7 studies enrolling approximately 2,600 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The largest of these studies was Bardoxolone Methyl Evaluation in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Type 2 Diabetes (BEACON), a multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial which enrolled patients with T2D and CKD stage 4...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402248/acute-and-sub-acute-oral-toxicity-of-dracaena-cinnabari-resin-methanol-extract-in-rats
#12
Nashwan Abdullah Al-Afifi, Aied Mohammed Alabsi, Marina Mohd Bakri, Anand Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: Dracaena cinnabari (DC) is a perennial tree that located on the Southern coast of Yemen native to the Socotra Island. This tree produces a deep red resin known as the Dragon's blood, the Twobrother's Blood or Damm Alakhwain. The current study performed to evaluate the safety of the DC resin methanol extract after a single or 28 consecutive daily oral administrations. METHODS: In assessing the safety of DC resin methanol extract, acute and sub-acute oral toxicity tests performed following OECD guidelines 423 and 407, respectively, with slight modifications...
February 5, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392798/intraluminal-pressure-of-uterine-balloon-tamponade-in-the-management-of-severe-post-partum-hemorrhage
#13
Choi Wah Kong, William W K To
AIM: Intrauterine balloon tamponade has been increasingly used for the management of post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) in recent years. However, data on the precise mechanisms and pressure required for the balloon tamponade are scanty in the literature. This study aims to review the intraluminal pressure (ILP) generated by the Bakri intrauterine balloon that is necessary to produce a 'positive tamponade test' during severe PPH. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387664/papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-a-cystic-neck-lesion-case-series
#14
Sethu T Subha, Mohd-Adzreil Bakri, Hisyam Salleh, Mohamad Doi, Abdul-Jalil Nordin
Introduction: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) constitutes 75-85% of all thyroid cancers. PTC usually presents as a subtle, commonly slow-growing, painless thyroid mass or a solitary nodule in the neck. This presentation of a cystic neck lump, without the presence of a thyroid nodule, may imitate the course of a benign disease, thus delaying diagnosis and proper treatment. Case Report: Three cases that had been initially presented as a cystic neck lesion in which a benign etiology was considered primarily were compiled in this study...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350329/detection-of-human-papillomavirus-dna-in-tumors-from-rwandese-breast-cancer-patients
#15
REVIEW
Thierry Habyarimana, Mohammed Attaleb, Jean Baptiste Mazarati, Youssef Bakri, Mohammed El Mzibri
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, a great interest was given to viral etiology of breast cancer. Indeed, due to recent technical improvements and some encouraging new results, it has been a resurgence of interest in the possibility that a substantial proportion of human breast cancers may be caused by viral infections. High-risk genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) have been found in breast cancer cases. In the present study, we aimed to assess the presence of HPV DNA in breast cancer cases from Rwanda and to evaluate the association between HPV infection and clinico-pathological features...
January 19, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349558/sglt2-inhibitors-and-mechanisms-of-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
Alexandros Briasoulis, Omar Al Dhaybi, George L Bakris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We sought to review currently available data on the safety and efficacy of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with hypertension. RECENT FINDINGS: Inhibition of SGLT2 in the renal proximal tubule results in increased urinary glucose excretion and modest improvements of hemoglobin A1C. Treatment with any of the three currently FDA-approved SGLT2 inhibitors (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin) results in sustained systolic and diastolic blood pressure reduction, in part via minimal natriuresis and possible reductions in sympathetic tone...
January 19, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343996/does-hla-b27-status-influence-ankylosing-spondylitis-phenotype
#17
REVIEW
Amal Akassou, Youssef Bakri
The association of HLA-B27 with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) remains as one of the intriguing models that could exist between a molecule and human disease in medicine. Although it was reported in 1973, its contribution to AS and related spondyloarthritis continues to be a major challenge for scientific community. It is important to understand its etiopathogenic mechanism and its functions in these diseases. Although the diagnostic and prognostic roles of HLA-B27 in AS are still debated, there is an increasing interest for HLA-B27-based effects especially in HLA-B27(+) patients with AS...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341841/redefining-hypertension-assessing-the-new-blood-pressure-guidelines
#18
George Bakris, Matthew Sorrentino
Like physical guidelines designed to ensure that hikers stay on the safest path through tricky terrain, expert medical guidelines aim to steer clinicians toward best practices. The new Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults issued by the..
February 8, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339356/kidney-biomarkers-and-decline-in-egfr-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Katherine G Garlo, William B White, George L Bakris, Faiez Zannad, Craig A Wilson, Stuart Kupfer, Muthiah Vaduganathan, David A Morrow, Christopher P Cannon, David M Charytan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Biomarkers may improve identification of individuals at risk of eGFR decline who may benefit from intervention or dialysis planning. However, available biomarkers remain incompletely validated for risk stratification and prediction modeling. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We examined serum cystatin C, urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1), and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (UNGAL) in 5367 individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus and recent acute coronary syndromes enrolled in the Examination of Cardiovascular Outcomes with Alogliptin versus Standard of Care (EXAMINE) trial...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334491/a-randomized-titrate-to-target-study-comparing-fixed-dose-combinations-of-azilsartan-medoxomil-and-chlorthalidone-with-olmesartan-and-hydrochlorothiazide-in-stage-2-systolic-hypertension
#20
William C Cushman, George L Bakris, William B White, Michael A Weber, Domenic Sica, Andrew Roberts, Eric Lloyd, Stuart Kupfer
BACKGROUND: Azilsartan medoxomil (AZL-M), an angiotensin II receptor blocker, has been developed in fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) with chlorthalidone (CTD). OBJECTIVE/METHODS: We compared FDCs of AZL-M/CTD 20/12.5 mg once daily titrated to 40/25 mg if needed or AZL-M/CTD 40/12.5 mg once daily titrated to 80/25 mg if needed with an olmesartan medoxomil (OLM)-hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 20/12.5 mg FDC once daily titrated to 40/25 mg if needed in a randomized, double-blind, 8-week study of 1085 participants with clinic SBP 160-190 mmHg and DBP 119 mmHg or less...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
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