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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727319/novel-evaluation-and-treatment-techniques-for-white-spot-lesions-an-in-vitro-study
#1
T A Bakhsh, A S Bakry, M M Mandurah, M A Abbassy
OBJECTIVE: White spot lesions (WSLs) are commonly seen during and after orthodontic treatment. Therefore, the objective of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of 45S5-bioglass in remineralizing WSLs using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) and confirm the findings by micro-hardness test. METHODS: Ceramic orthodontic brackets were bonded to the buccal surface of 45 human premolars with Transbond XT primer followed by Transbond PLUS according to the manufacturer's instructions...
August 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712081/survey-on-awareness-and-attitudes-of-secondary-school-students-regarding-plastic-pollution-implications-for-environmental-education-and-public-health-in-sharjah-city-uae
#2
Mohammad Bakri Alaa Hammami, Eman Qasem Mohammed, Anas Mohammad Hashem, Mina Amer Al-Khafaji, Fatima Alqahtani, Shaikha Alzaabi, Nihar Dash
Since the industrial revolution in the 1800s, plastic pollution is becoming a global reality. This study aims to assess knowledge and attitude about plastic pollution among secondary school students in Sharjah city, United Arab Emirates. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 students in 6 different secondary schools in Sharjah city. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed through probability stratified random sampling method between February and April 2016. Majority of the population understands how harmful plastic wastes are to the environment (85...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678130/outcomes-and-complications-of-reconstruction-with-use-of-free-vascularized-fibular-graft-for-spinal-and-pelvic-defects-following-resection-of-a-malignant-tumor
#3
Matthew T Houdek, Peter S Rose, Karim Bakri, Eric R Wagner, Michael J Yaszemski, Franklin H Sim, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: Following resection of malignant tumors of the spine and pelvis, reconstructive surgeons often face large structural defects. Unlike reconstruction in the extremities, wherein a free vascularized fibular graft (FVFG) is a highly utilized option for segmental osseous reconstruction, there are limited data on the use of an FVFG in the spine and pelvis. The aim of this study was to review our institution's experience with reconstruction with use of an FVFG following oncological resection in the spine and pelvis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673727/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-and-glucocorticoids-an-update-on-evidence-for-association
#4
REVIEW
Benjamin P Nicholson, Elizabeth Atchison, Amrou Ali Idris, Sophie J Bakri
Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a common idiopathic retinal disease characterized by central vision loss from serous detachment of the neurosensory retina, serous pigment epithelial detachments, and leakage of fluid through the retinal pigment epithelium into the sub-retinal space. The concept of an association between exogenous glucocorticoid use and CSC is widely accepted among ophthalmologists. Here we review the evidence for and against such an association. This evidence includes two large, case-control studies that found strong associations, and a smaller, population-based study that found no association...
June 30, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647816/effect-of-routine-rapid-insertion-of-bakri-balloon-tamponade-on-reducing-hemorrhage-from-placenta-previa-during-and-after-cesarean-section
#5
Hiroaki Soyama, Morikazu Miyamoto, Hidenori Sasa, Hiroki Ishibashi, Masashi Yoshida, Masaya Nakatsuka, Masashi Takano, Kenichi Furuya
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of routine rapid insertion of a Bakri balloon during cesarean section for placenta previa based on a retrospective control study. METHODS: Women with singleton pregnancies who underwent cesarean section for placenta previa at our institution between 2003 and 2016 were enrolled. Between 2015 and 2016, women who routinely underwent balloon tamponade during cesarean section were defined as the balloon group. Between 2003 and 2014, women who underwent no hemostatic procedures except balloon tamponade were defined as the non-balloon group...
June 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646567/severe-menses-associated-hypertension-successfully-treated-with-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist
#6
Luke J Laffin, Munnam S Jafar, George L Bakris
A case of a 32-year-old nulliparous white woman referred for a 5-year history of severe hypertension, hypokalemia, and resultant systolic dysfunction is presented. She additionally had a left ventricular ejection fraction of 30% including left ventricular dilation and normal left ventricular mass index, as measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging when she initially presented to us. Her history revealed that her severe hypertension episodes were monthly and would occur around the catamenial (menses-associated) time...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639735/neonates-with-cancer-and-causes-of-death-lessons-from-615-cases-in-the-seer-databases
#7
Ahmad S Alfaar, Waleed M Hassan, Mohamed Sabry Bakry, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
Neonatal tumors are rare with no standard treatment approaches to these diseases, and the patients experience poor outcomes. Our aim was to determine the distribution of cancers affecting neonates and compare survival between these cancers and older children. We analyzed SEER data (1973-2007) from patients who were younger than 2 years at diagnosis of malignancy. Special permission was granted to access the detailed (i.e., age in months) data of those patients. The Chi-square Log-rank test was used to compare survival between neonates (aged <1 month) and older children (>1 month to <2 years)...
July 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627376/inhaled-salbutamol-dose-delivered-by-jet-nebulizer-vibrating-mesh-nebulizer-and-metered-dose-inhaler-with-spacer-during-invasive-mechanical-ventilation
#8
Muhammad E ElHansy, Marina Emad, Assem Fouad Mohamed El Essawy, Mohamed Bakry Al-Kholy, Maha M Abdelrahman, Amira S A Said, Raghda R S Hussein, Mohamed E Abdelrahim
BACKGROUND: Patient receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) may benefit from medical aerosol, but guidance on dosing with different aerosol devices is limited to in-vitro studies. The study was designed to compare aerosol delivery with five different types of aerosol generators during IMV. METHOD: In randomized design, 60 (30 female) mechanically ventilated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were assigned to one of 5 groups. Groups 1-4 received 5000 μg salbutamol using Aerogen Pro (PRO), Aerogen Solo (SOLO), NIVO vibrating mesh and jet nebulizers (JN), respectively, while group 5 received 800 μg (8 puffs) of salbutamol via metered dose inhaler with AeroChamber-MV (MDI-AC)...
June 13, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611261/non-neoplastic-portal-vein-thrombosis-in-hcv-cirrhosis-patients-is-it-an-immuno-inflammatory-disorder
#9
Mona Abu El-Makarem, Atef El-Akad, Moustafa Elian, Tahra Sherif, Ragaa El-Shaheed, Aliaa Abd El Fatah, Douaa Sayed, Rania Bakry, Aisha Mahmoud
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a critical complication in cirrhotic patients. We explored the role of the activated factor VII-antithrombin (FVIIa-AT) complex and enhanced monocytic tissue factor (TF) expression in the development and prediction of non-neoplastic PVT in cirrhotic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 30 HCV-cirrhosis patients were included in our study. They were compared to 35 cirrhotic patients without PVT, 15 non-cirrhotic patients with PVT, and 15 healthy controls...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589612/renal-targeted-therapies-of-antihypertensive-and-cardiovascular-drugs-for-patients-with-stages-3-through-5d-kidney-disease
#10
REVIEW
Omar Al Dhaybi, George L Bakris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573252/induction-of-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-by-ormenis-eriolepis-a-morrocan-endemic-plant-in-various-human-cancer-cell-lines
#11
Lamiae Belayachi, Clara Aceves-Luquero, Nawel Merghoub, Silvia Fernández de Mattos, Saaîd Amzazi, Priam Villalonga, Youssef Bakri
BACKGROUND: Ormenis eriolepis Coss (Asteraceae) is an endemic Moroccan subspecies, traditionally named "Hellala" or "Fergoga". It's usually used for its hypoglycemic effect as well as for the treatment of stomacal pain. As far as we know, there is no scientific exploration of anti tumoral activity of Ormenis eriolepis extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this regard, we performed a screening of organic extracts and fractions in a panel of both hematological and solid cancer cell lines, to evaluate the potential in vitro anti tumoral activity and to elucidate the respective mechanisms that may be responsible for growth arrest and cell death induction...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562626/evaluation-of-awareness-utilisation-of-clinical-practise-guideline-for-management-of-adult-dengue-infection-among-malaysia-doctors
#12
Mohd Izhar Ariff, Abqariyah Yahya, Rafdzah Zaki, Roza Sarimin, Izzuna Mudla Mohamed Ghazali, Balvinder Singh Gill, Zailiza Suli, Mohd Aminuddin Mohd Yusof, Nafisah Ahmad Lutfi, Sin Lian Thye, Fatanah Ismail, Maimunah Mahmud, Rugayah Bakri
Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) provides evidence-based guidance for the management of Dengue Infection in adult patients. A cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate awareness and utilization of CPG among doctors in public or private hospitals and clinics in Malaysia. Doctors practicing only at hospital Medical and Emergency Departments were included, while private specialist clinics were excluded in this study. A multistage proportionate random sampling according to region (Central, Northern, Southern, Eastern, Sabah and Sarawak) was performed to select study participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552289/influence-of-space-size-of-abutment-screw-access-channel-on-the-amount-of-extruded-excess-cement-and-marginal-accuracy-of-cement-retained-single-implant-restorations
#13
Mohammad D Al Amri, Sulieman S Al-Johany, Mohammed N Al-Qarni, Ahmed S Al-Bakri, Nassr S Al-Maflehi, Haythem S Abualsaud
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The detrimental effect of extruded excess cement on peri-implant tissue has been well documented. Although several techniques have been proposed to reduce this effect by decreasing the amount of extruded cement, how the space size of the abutment screw access channel (SAC) affects the amount of extruded cement and marginal accuracy is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of the size of the unfilled space of the abutment SAC on the amount of extruded excess cement and the marginal accuracy of zirconia copings...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551163/therapies-for-macular-edema-associated-with-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#14
Justis P Ehlers, Stephen J Kim, Steven Yeh, Jennifer E Thorne, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya, Scott D Schoenberger, Sophie J Bakri
PURPOSE: To evaluate the available evidence on the ocular safety and efficacy of current therapeutic alternatives for the management of macular edema (ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: Literature searches were last conducted on January 31, 2017, in PubMed with no date restrictions and limited to articles published in English, and in the Cochrane Database without language limitations. The searches yielded 321 citations, of which 109 were reviewed in full text and 27 were deemed appropriate for inclusion in this assessment...
May 24, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506565/the-antifungal-activity-of-moroccan-plants-and-the-mechanism-of-action-of-secondary-metabolites-from-plants
#15
REVIEW
F Lagrouh, N Dakka, Y Bakri
This review is based on a comprehensive literature search for existing knowledge about antifungal mechanisms of different secondary metabolites from plants. The secondary metabolites have been grouped into three major groups according to their biosynthetic origin. On another side, this review represents studies on antifungal activity of essential oils and extracts from Moroccan plants, against fungal species involved in human or plant diseases.
May 11, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502717/preferential-accumulation-of-gold-nanorods-into-human-skin-hair-follicles-effect-of-nanoparticle-surface-chemistry
#16
Nouf N Mahmoud, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Dörthe Dietrich, Uwe Karst, Amal G Al-Bakri, Enam A Khalil
HYPOTHESIS: Gold nanoparticles (GNP) are considered an ideal model to help understanding the nano-skin interface. The surface functionality of gold nanorods (GNR) is expected to influence the uptake of nanoparticles into specific targets of skin such as hair follicles or dermis. Hence, it should be possible to modify the surface chemistry of GNP to achieve more targeted and safe skin therapy. EXPERIMENTS: GNR functionalized with various surface ligands (neutral, anionic, cationic, and hydrophobic) were evaluated for their accumulation into hair follicles of human skin sheets using ex-vivo setup...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497006/under-pressure-intraluminal-filling-pressures-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-tamponade-balloons
#17
Kathleen M Antony, Diana A Racusin, Michael A Belfort, Gary A Dildy
Objective Uterine tamponade by fluid-filled balloons is now an accepted method of controlling postpartum hemorrhage. Available tamponade balloons vary in design and material, which affects the filling attributes and volume at which they rupture. We aimed to characterize the filling capacity and pressure-volume relationship of various tamponade balloons. Study Design Balloons were filled with water ex vivo. Intraluminal pressure was measured incrementally (every 10 mL for the Foley balloons and every 50 mL for all other balloons)...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493376/evaluation-of-the-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blocker-azilsartan-medoxomil-in-african-american-patients-with-hypertension
#18
Wallace Johnson, William B White, Domenic Sica, George L Bakris, Michael A Weber, Alison Handley, Alfonso Perez, Charlie Cao, Stuart Kupfer, Elijah B Saunders
The efficacy and safety of azilsartan medoxomil (AZL-M) were evaluated in African-American patients with hypertension in a 6-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, for which the primary end point was change from baseline in 24-hour mean systolic blood pressure (BP). There were 413 patients, with a mean age of 52 years, 57% women, and baseline 24-hour BP of 146/91 mm Hg. Treatment differences in 24-hour systolic BP between AZL-M 40 mg and placebo (-5.0 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval, -8...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473971/design-and-implementation-of-the-hepatorenal-fibrocystic-disease-core-center-clinical-database-a-centralized-resource-for-characterizing-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-and-other-hepatorenal-fibrocystic-diseases
#19
Bakri Alzarka, Hiroki Morizono, John W Bollman, Dongkyu Kim, Lisa M Guay-Woodford
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) and other hepatorenal fibrocystic diseases (HRFD) are relatively rare recessive disorders that constitute an important set of childhood nephropathies. Little is known about fundamental pathogenesis, and advances toward clinical trials will require well-characterized patient cohorts and the development of predictive and prognostic biomarkers. Such studies in rare diseases require greater collaboration than the efforts in common diseases where large patient repositories can be built at a single site...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473636/acute-declines-in-renal-function-during-intensive-bp-lowering-implications-for-future-esrd-risk
#20
Elaine Ku, George Bakris, Kirsten L Johansen, Feng Lin, Mark J Sarnak, Vito M Campese, Kenneth Jamerson, Jennifer J Gassman, Miroslaw Smogorzewski, Chi-Yuan Hsu
The magnitude of decline in renal function that should be tolerated during intensive BP lowering and its association with risk of ESRD are unclear. To determine whether the acute declines in kidney function in the intensive BP lowering arm of two trials in CKD associated with higher risk of ESRD, we performed a retrospective study of 899 African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) and 761 Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Trial participants previously randomized to strict versus usual BP control...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
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