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Shigeki Matsubara, Hironori Takahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ana Flávia A Oliveira, Josiana M Mar, Samara F Santos, Joel L da Silva Júnior, Ariane M Kluczkovski, Amr M Bakry, Jaqueline de Araújo Bezerra, Rita de Cássia Saraiva Nunomura, Edgar A Sanches, Pedro H Campelo
Quality parameters of açai juice processed with ultrasound-assisted, ozone and the combined methods were analyzed in this work. Two ultrasound energy densities (350 and 700 J·mL-1 ) and two ozonization times (5 and 10 min with 1.5 ppm) were analyzed for pure açai juice and 8 different treatments (22 complete factorial). To evaluate the quality parameters of the juice, physical-chemical analyzes such as pH, titratable acidity, cloud value, non-enzymatic browning, rheology, antioxidant activity (DPPH and ABTS), phenolic compounds, anthocyanins, enzymatic activity (peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase) and microbial counts (mesophilic bacteria, molds and yeasts) were conducted...
November 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Enam A Khalil, Mahmoud Y Alkawareek, Ghadeer Othman, Bayan Tbakhi, Amal G Al-Bakri
Ex-vivo evaluation of drug release and skin permeation from topical formulations of antileishmanial drug paromomycin sulphate was carried out using intact full thickness human skin. Potency-based microbiological assay was used for the analysis of paromomycin concentrations. A total percentage drug recovery of 86±26% was obtained. Incubation periods of 1 and 3 hours resulted in percentage drug permeation into deep skin layers ranging from 1.3±0.04% to 5.3±2.0% with paraffin-based ointment and from 1.6±0...
June 6, 2018: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Faris Ghalib Bakri, Hamzah M AlQadiri, Marwan Hmoud Adwan
Citation classics represent the highest impact work in a given field. We aim to identify and analyze the most frequently cited papers on brucellosis. We used the databases Scopus and Web of Science to determine the most frequently cited papers. The most cited fifty papers in each database were identified. We then ranked the papers according to the highest citation count recorded from any of the two databases. The most frequently cited paper received 964 citations and was by DelVecchio VG et al. reporting the complete genomic sequencing of Brucella melitensis ...
2018: BioMed Research International
Matthew R Starr, Michael A Mahr, Andrew J Barkmeier, Raymond Iezzi, Wendy M Smith, Sophie J Bakri
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether having macular fluid on the OCT prior to cataract surgery adversely affected vision or anatomic outcomes after cataract surgery in patients with exudative AMD. DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study. METHODS: We examined all patients who underwent cataract surgery and were receiving intravitreal anti-VEGF injections from January 1st , 2012 through December 31st , 2016. There were 81 eyes that underwent cataract surgery and had received at least one intravitreal anti-VEGF injection for a diagnosis of exudative AMD within 6 months prior to surgery...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Saraniya Sathiamoorthi, Kathryn J Ruddy, Sophie J Bakri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
F K Dojki, G L Bakris
Hyperkalaemia is traditionally defined as serum potassium levels >5.5 mmol/l and is associated with an elevated risk of adverse events and mortality. The renin angiotensin aldosterone system plays a pivotal role in potassium regulation [1,2], with aldosterone being a major regulator of potassium balance in the kidney.Potassium excretion and balance is primarily handled by the kidney (90%) and 10% by the colon [2]; thus, the risk of hyperkalaemia is linked to the following factors: level of kidney function; dietary potassium intake; concomitant diseases that affect potassium balance, such as diabetes; and use of medications that influence potassium excretion...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Bingqing Ma, Yongli Dong
We consider gradient estimates for positive solutions to the following nonlinear elliptic equation on a smooth metric measure space [Formula: see text]: [Formula: see text] where a , b are two real constants. When the ∞-Bakry-Émery Ricci curvature is bounded from below, we obtain a global gradient estimate which is not dependent on [Formula: see text]. In particular, we find that any bounded positive solution of the above equation must be constant under some suitable assumptions.
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
Abhinav Sharma, Christopher P Cannon, William B White, Yuyin Liu, George L Bakris, William C Cushman, Faiez Zannad
BACKGROUND: Antihyperglycemic therapies may increase the risk of cardiovascular events including hospitalization for heart failure. There is a paucity of data evaluating the cardiovascular safety of antihyperglycemic therapies in the high-risk period following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: The EXAMINE (Examination of Cardiovascular Outcomes with Alogliptin versus Standard of Care) trial randomized 5380 patients who were 15 to 90 days post ACS to the dipeptidyl dipeptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor alogliptin versus placebo; mean follow-up was 18 months...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Bertram Pitt, George L Bakris, Matthew R Weir, Mason W Freeman, Mitja Lainscak, Martha R Mayo, Dahlia Garza, Rezi Zawadzki, Lance Berman, David A Bushinsky
AIMS: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in heart failure (HF) increases the risk of hyperkalaemia (HK), limiting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) use. Patiromer is a sodium-free, non-absorbed potassium binder approved for HK treatment. We retrospectively evaluated patiromer's long-term safety and efficacy in HF patients from AMETHYST-DN. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with Type 2 diabetes, CKD, and HK [baseline serum potassium >5...
May 16, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
Ismail Ahmed Ismail, Hanan A El-Bakry, Safaa S Soliman
Aging is associated with several biological, physiological, cellular and histological changes. In the present study, we investigated the effect of aging on different signaling pathways, including antioxidant system, apoptosis and immune status. Several natural products were used to ameliorate and block aging-related changes. Melatonin and turmeric have been known to ameliorate and decrease aging-related changes. However, the exact mechanism(s) of their action is not fully understood. In the present study, we tried to uncover the regulatory mechanism(s) by which melatonin and turmeric work against aging...
2018: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
Zahra Takki Chebihi, Aziza Belkhayat, Elbekkay Chadli, Latifa Hilal, Hanaa Skhoun, Laila Hessissen, Mohamed El Khorassani, Maria El Kababri, Amina Kili, Mohammed Khattab, Youssef Bakri, Nadia Dakka
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in children, with a peak incidence at 2 to 3 years of age and accounting for almost 30% of all cancers in this age group. It is well established that the identification of cytogenetic abnormalities is highly relevant for the prognosis of and therapeutic decisions in ALL. The purpose of the present study was to define the frequency of recurrent chromosomal abnormalities of ALL in Moroccan patients referred exclusively to the BIOLAB Laboratory of the Children's Hospital of Rabat during a 4-year period and compare our findings to the reported data...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Marwah Bakri
Background:Clostridium difficile has been shown to be a nosocomial infection associated with diarrhoea and pseudomembranous colitis in hospitalized patients especially old patients. In my previous studies, it was shown the occurrence of C. difficile in animals feces and vegetables which may act as a source of infection to humans. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of C. difficile in retail raw cow, sheep, and goat, meat in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Method: A total of 600 raw meat samples from cow, sheep, and goat were collected during June-December 2015, and tested for the presence of C...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Amira Masri, Abeer Alassaf, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Imad Zaq, Azmy Hadidy, Faris G Bakri
PURPOSE: Recurrent meningitis in children is a rare condition. However, its early recognition is important in order to prevent serious complications. This study aims to review cases of recurrent meningitis in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included children diagnosed with recurrent meningitis and who were followed at child neurology clinic at the Jordan University Hospital from January 2001 to June 2017. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included (nine males and four females)...
May 4, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Nouf N Mahmoud, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Enam A Khalil, Amal G Al-Bakri
The potential photothermal bactericidal activity of hydrophilic functionalized poly ethylene glycol (PEG)-gold nanorods (GNR) and hydrophobic functionalized polystyrene (PS)-GNR was evaluated towards strains of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) by measuring the percentage reduction of bacterial viable count upon GNR excitation with a near infra-red (NIR) laser beam. Our results suggest that functionalized GNR had a minimal bactericidal activity against S. aureus and P...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Abdalla Mohamed Attia, Ola Ahmed Bakry, Hossam Yassin, Naglaa Sarhan, Rehab Samaka, Nahla Gamal
The effect of tramadol addiction on epididymal structure was not investigated before. Therefore, this experimental study was carried out to investigate the effect of chronic tramadol use on the epididymal structure using light and electron microscopies. Thirty adult Wister Albino male rats were divided into two groups: control group (five rats) and tramadol-treated group (25 rats), which was further subdivided into five subgroups that received tramadol orally at 4.5, 9, 45, 90, and 135 mg/kg/day, respectively, for 18 weeks...
May 2018: Ultrastructural Pathology
P A Atkin, S Thomas, R J Cook, M Greenwood, J H Bennett, A Willis, C Donachie, R Ni Riordain, S Galvin, A Crighton, A J Mighell, I Bakri
In March 2017, a group of teachers of human disease/clinical medical science (HD/CMSD) representing the majority of schools from around the UK and Republic of Ireland met to discuss the current state of teaching of human disease and also to discuss how the delivery of this theme might evolve to inform improved healthcare. This study outlines how the original teaching in medicine and surgery to dental undergraduate students has developed into the theme of HD/CMSD reflecting changing needs as well as guidance from the regulators, and how different dental schools have developed their approaches to reach their current state...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Doaa A Abdelmoety, Nahid K El-Bakri, Wedian O Almowalld, Zyad A Turkistani, Bassam H Bugis, Eshraq A Baseif, Mohamed H Melbari, Khaled AlHarbi, Amani Abu-Shaheen
Introduction: Data regarding the characteristics and outcomes of heat illness are lacking in the literature. The present study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics, morbidity, management, and mortality associated with heat illness among Hajj participants. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the Hajj in 2016 on patients who presented to emergency departments and were diagnosed with heat exhaustion or heatstroke. Data were collected using a structured collection sheet developed based on the literature...
2018: BioMed Research International
Mohammed Al Thani, Al Anoud Al Thani, Walaa Al-Chetachi, Badria Al Malki, Shamseldin A H Khalifa, Ahmad Haj Bakri, Nahla Hwalla, Farah Naja, Lara Nasreddine
BACKGROUND: The Qatar Dietary Guidelines (QDGs) were developed as part of the national strategy to prevent chronic diseases. This study aims at characterizing gaps between the QDGs and usual dietary and lifestyle patterns in Qatar, identifying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of adherence to the QDGs and investigating the association between adherence and cardiometabolic risk. METHODS: This study is based on the Qatar National STEPwise cross-sectional survey which was conducted on a nationally representative sample of Qatari adults, aged 18 to 64 years (n = 1109)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
R Weale, F El-Bakri, Kordo Saeed
BACKGROUND: Infection is a rare complication following implantation of prosthetic material into a joint. The impact of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) before elective operations and the subsequent risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) are not well understood. AIMS: • Assess the prevalence of ASB amongst patients undergoing total arthroplasty of the hip and knee. • Determine the rates of PJI diagnosed within two years of the arthroplasty and if ASB is an independent risk factor for developing PJI...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
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