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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742615/trunk-side-strain-has-a-high-incidence-in-first-class-cricket-fast-bowlers-in-australia-and-england
#1
Andrew R Nealon, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the past incidence of side strain injury and its associated factors in first-class cricket fast bowlers in Australia and England. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Professional cricket. PARTICIPANTS: Cricket fast bowlers who were professionally contracted full time at first-class level in Australia and England in 2011. All bowlers were male and aged 18 or older. A bowler was defined as a fast bowler if the wicketkeeper would take their stance back from the stumps...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742545/reductions-in-readmission-rates-are-associated-with-modest-improvements-in-patient-reported-health-gains-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-in-england
#2
Rocco Friebel, Kumar Dharmarajan, Harlan M Krumholz, Adam Steventon
BACKGROUND: Although many hospital readmission reduction initiatives have been introduced globally, health care systems ultimately aim to improve patients' health and well-being. We examined whether the hospitals that report greater success in reducing readmissions also see greater improvements in patient-reported outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: We examined hospital groups (Trusts) that provided hip replacement or knee replacement surgery in England between April 2010 and February 2013...
July 24, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739247/difficulties-with-emotion-regulation-moderate-the-association-between-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-cortisol-reactivity-to-psychosocial-challenge-in-postpartum-women
#3
Gillian England-Mason, Melissa Kimber, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Harriet MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez
Exposure to child maltreatment can lead to long-term emotional difficulties and dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. However, no prior work has examined emotion regulation as a moderator of the association between childhood history of maltreatment and cortisol response to psychosocial challenge. Amongst a sample of 140 postpartum women, associations between childhood maltreatment, emotion regulation, and cortisol response to a computerized Emotional Stroop paradigm were examined using structural equation modeling...
July 21, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738847/longitudinal-genomic-surveillance-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-carriage-in-a-long-term-care-facility-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
Hayley J Brodrick, Kathy E Raven, Teemu Kallonen, Dorota Jamrozy, Beth Blane, Nicholas M Brown, Veronique Martin, M Estée Török, Julian Parkhill, Sharon J Peacock
BACKGROUND: Residents of long-term care facilities (LTCF) may have high carriage rates of multidrug-resistant pathogens, but are not currently included in surveillance programmes for antimicrobial resistance or healthcare-associated infections. Here, we describe the value derived from a longitudinal epidemiological and genomic surveillance study of drug-resistant Escherichia coli in a LTCF in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: Forty-five of 90 (50%) residents were recruited and followed for six months in 2014...
July 25, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738591/procedures-for-precise-measurements-of-135-cs-137-cs-atom-ratios-in-environmental-samples-at-extreme-dynamic-ranges-and-ultra-trace-levels-by-thermal-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#5
James A Dunne, David A Richards, Hsin-Wei Chen
Determination of (135)Cs/(137)Cs atom ratios has the potential to be a powerful tool for nuclear forensics and monitoring environmental processes. We present optimized chemical separation techniques and thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) protocols to obtain precise (135)Cs/(137)Cs atom ratios for a range of environmental sample types. We use a combination of double AMP-PAN separation and Sr-spec resin column purification to yield excellent separation from the alkali metals (Rb separation factor > 600), which normally suppress ionization of Cs...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738137/public-health-and-economic-consequences-of-vaccine-hesitancy-for-measles-in-the-united-states
#6
Nathan C Lo, Peter J Hotez
Importance: Routine childhood vaccination is declining in some regions of the United States due to vaccine hesitancy, which risks the resurgence of many infectious diseases with public health and economic consequences. There are ongoing policy debates on the state and national level, including legislation around nonmedical (personal-belief) exemptions for childhood vaccination and possibly a special government commission on vaccine safety, which may affect vaccine coverage. Objective: To estimate the number of measles cases in US children and the associated economic costs under scenarios of different levels of vaccine hesitancy, using the case example of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination and measles...
July 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737119/passive-surveillance-of-united-kingdom-bats-for-lyssaviruses-2005-2015
#7
E L Wise, D A Marston, A C Banyard, H Goharriz, D Selden, N Maclaren, T Goddard, N Johnson, L M McElhinney, A Brouwer, J N Aegerter, G C Smith, D L Horton, A C Breed, A R Fooks
Passive surveillance for lyssaviruses in UK bats has been ongoing since 1987 and has identified 13 cases of EBLV-2 from a single species; Myotis daubentonii. No other lyssavirus species has been detected. Between 2005 and 2015, 10 656 bats were submitted, representing 18 species, creating a spatially and temporally uneven sample of British bat fauna. Uniquely, three UK cases originate from a roost at Stokesay Castle in Shropshire, England, where daily checks for grounded and dead bats are undertaken and bat carcasses have been submitted for testing since 2007...
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737055/what-is-taught-about-dementia-in-secondary-schools-a-survey-of-schools-in-sussex-england-innovative-practice
#8
Nicolas Farina
Local dementia education initiatives exist in schools but it is unclear what the wider uptake of such programmes are. A self-created survey was sent to staff in a number of secondary schools (teaching ages 11-16) across Sussex, England. Sixty schools responded to the survey (response rate = 58%). While the majority of schools expressed an interest in including some form of dementia education within their school in the future, only nine schools (15%) currently had dementia education embedded within their curriculum...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736972/reduced-risk-of-emergency-admission-for-colorectal-cancer-associated-with-introduction-of-bowel-cancer-screening-across-england-retrospective-national-cohort-study
#9
J Geraghty, M Shawihdi, E Devonport, S Sarkar, M G Pearson, K Bodger
AIM: We examined whether roll out of the bowel cancer screening programme (BCSP) across England was associated with a reduced risk of emergency hospital admission for people presenting with colorectal cancer (CRC) during this period. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study of 27,763 incident cases of CRC over a 1-year period during the roll-out of screening across parts of England. The primary outcome was the number of emergency (unplanned) hospital admissions during the diagnostic pathway...
July 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736867/volunteer-peer-support-and-befriending-for-carers-of-people-living-with-dementia-an-exploration-of-volunteers-experiences
#10
Raymond Smith, Vari Drennan, Ann Mackenzie, Nan Greenwood
With ageing populations and greater reliance on the voluntary sector, the number of volunteer-led peer support and befriending services for carers of people with dementia in England is set to increase. However, little is known about the experiences of the volunteers who deliver these interventions, many of whom are former carers. Using in-depth semi-structured interviews with 10 volunteer peer supporters and befrienders, this exploratory study investigated volunteers' experiences of delivering the support, the types of relationships they form with carers and their perceptions of its impact upon them and on carers...
July 24, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736759/forecasted-trends-in-disability-and-life-expectancy-in-england-and-wales-up-to-2025-a-modelling-study
#11
Maria Guzman-Castillo, Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Piotr Bandosz, Simon Capewell, Andrew Steptoe, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimaki, Martin J Shipley, Eric J Brunner, Martin O'Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Reliable estimation of future trends in life expectancy and the burden of disability is crucial for ageing societies. Previous forecasts have not considered the potential impact of trends in disease incidence. The present prediction model combines population trends in cardiovascular disease, dementia, disability, and mortality to forecast trends in life expectancy and the burden of disability in England and Wales up to 2025. METHODS: We developed and validated the IMPACT-Better Ageing Model-a probabilistic model that tracks the population aged 35-100 years through ten health states characterised by the presence or absence of cardiovascular disease, dementia, disability (difficulty with one or more activities of daily living) or death up to 2025, by use of evidence-based age-specific, sex-specific, and year-specific transition probabilities...
July 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736454/early-late-or-never-when-does-parental-education-impact-child-outcomes
#12
Matt Dickson, Paul Gregg, Harriet Robinson
We estimate the causal effect of parents' education on their children's education and examine the timing of the impact. We identify the causal effect by exploiting the exogenous shift in (parents') education levels induced by the 1972 minimum school leaving age reform in England. Increasing parental education has a positive causal effect on children's outcomes that is evident in preschool assessments at age 4 and continues to be visible up to and including high-stakes examinations taken at age 16. Children of parents affected by the reform attain results around 0...
October 2016: Economic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736057/regional-variation-in-breast-cancer-surgery-results-from-the-national-cancer-database-ncdb
#13
Alexander S Chiu, Princess Thomas, Brigid K Killelea, Nina Horowitz, Anees B Chagpar, Donald R Lannin
BACKGROUND: Early studies have shown significant regional differences in the utilization of breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and mastectomy with reconstruction. It is expected that with the passage of time and the adoption of national treatment guidelines, these disparities would disappear. METHODS: Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer who underwent surgery between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Trends in BCT and reconstruction were evaluated and multivariate logistic regression performed...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735557/long-term-effects-of-prematurity-cumulative-medical-risk-and-proximal-and-distal-social-forces-on-individual-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-at-young-adulthood
#14
Suzy B Winchester, Mary C Sullivan, Mary B Roberts, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger
This study examined the effects of prematurity, cumulative medical risk, and proximal and distal social forces on individual differences in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in young adulthood. A prospective sample of 149 infants born healthy preterm (PT; n = 22), sick PT ( n = 93, medical illness, neurological illness, small for gestational age), and full term ( n = 34) was recruited from a Level III neonatal intensive care unit in southern New England between 1985 and 1989 and followed to age 23 years...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734770/when-did-old-age-stop-being-depressing-depression-trajectories-of-older-americans-and-britons-2002-2012
#15
Gindo Tampubolon, Asri Maharani
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the implications of the heterogeneous cohort composition on depression trajectories of older adults in the United States and England. METHODS: Using growth curve models to identify depressive symptom trajectories and data spanning six waves over 10 years (2002-2012) from the U.S. Health Retirement Study and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, community-dwelling Americans and Britons aged 50 years and older were studied...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734109/the-cost-of-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-england-a-retrospective-hospital-data-analysis
#16
Sam T Keeping, Michael J Tempest, Stephanie J Stephens, Stuart M Carroll, Richard Simcock, Terence M Jones, Richard Shaw
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the total costs of treating head and neck cancers, specifically oropharyngeal, laryngeal and oral cavity cancer, in secondary care facilities in England during the period 2006/2007 to 2010/2011. DESIGN: Patient records were extracted from an English hospital database to estimate the number of patients treated for oropharyngeal, laryngeal and oral cavity cancer in England. Identified resource use was linked to published United Kingdom cost estimates to quantify the reimbursement of treatment through the Payment by Results system...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734078/associations-between-adolescent-cannabis-use-and-neuropsychological-decline-a-longitudinal-co-twin-control-study
#17
Madeline H Meier, Avshalom Caspi, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Renate Houts, Louise Arseneault, Terrie E Moffitt
AIMS: This study tested whether adolescents who used cannabis or met criteria for cannabis dependence showed neuropsychological impairment prior to cannabis initiation and neuropsychological decline from before to after cannabis initiation. DESIGN: A longitudinal co-twin control study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 1,989 twins from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative birth cohort of twins born in England and Wales from 1994-1995...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733437/more-than-2000-more-emergency-medicine-consultants-needed-in-england-says-royal-college
#18
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733304/how-do-trends-in-mortality-inequalities-by-deprivation-and-education-in-scotland-and-england-wales-compare-a-repeat-cross-sectional-study
#19
Gerry McCartney, Frank Popham, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, David Walsh, Lauren Schofield
OBJECTIVE: To compare the trends in mortality inequalities by educational attainment with trends using area deprivation. SETTING: Scotland and England & Wales (E&W). PARTICIPANTS: All people resident in Scotland and E&W between 1981 and 2011 aged 35-79 years. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Absolute inequalities (measured using the Slope Index of Inequality (SII)) and relative inequalities (measured using the Relative Index of Inequality (RII)) in all-cause mortality...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733300/exploring-the-relationship-between-frequent-internet-use-and-health-and-social-care-resource-use-in-a-community-based-cohort-of-older-adults-an-observational-study-in-primary-care
#20
Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Stephen Morris, Kalpa Kharicha, John Ford, Jill Manthorpe, Steve Iliffe, Claire Goodman, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: Given many countries' ageing populations, policymakers must consider how to mitigate or reduce health problems associated with old age, within budgetary constraints. Evidence of use of digital technology in delaying the onset of illness and reducing healthcare service use is mixed, with no clear consensus as yet. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between frequent internet use and patterns of health or social care resource use in primary care attendees who took part in a study seeking to improve the health of older adults...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
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