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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774266/reforming-birth-registration-law-in-england-and-wales
#1
Julie McCandless
The Law Commission of England and Wales is considering what its 13th Programme of Law Reform should address. During the consultation process, a project on birth registration law has been mooted. This is a very welcome proposal given that civil birth registration in England and Wales is a compulsory procedure that not only finds its roots in the early Victorian era, but also remains very similar, at least in terms of form and the information that is recorded. I first use two recent legal challenges to illustrate why the current system is coming under increasing pressure...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773610/nhs-constitution-values-for-values-based-recruitment-a-virtue-ethics-perspective
#2
Johanna Elise Groothuizen, Alison Callwood, Ann Gallagher
Values-based recruitment is used in England to select healthcare staff, trainees and students on the basis that their values align with those stated in the Constitution of the UK National Health Service (NHS). However, it is unclear whether the extensive body of existing literature within the field of moral philosophy was taken into account when developing these values. Although most values have a long historical tradition, a tendency to assume that they have just been invented, and to approach them uncritically, exists within the healthcare sector...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773447/the-association-of-program-directors-in-radiology-academic-output-task-force-assisting-today-s-busy-radiology-educators
#3
Darel E Heitkamp, Kamran Ali, Carolynn M DeBenedectis, Eric England, Glenn C Gaviola, Christopher P Ho, Vivek Kalia, James M Milburn, Seng Ong, Maitray D Patel, Mary H Scanlon, David S Sarkany
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771961/context-dependent-consumer-control-in-new-england-tidal-wetlands
#4
Alexandria Moore
Recent studies in coastal wetlands have indicated that consumers may play an important role in regulating large-scale ecosystem processes. Predator removal experiments have shown significant differences in above-ground biomass production in the presence of higher level consumers, or predators. These results indicate that predators play an important role in regulating biomass production, but the extent to which this regulation impacts additional ecosystem functions, such as nutrient cycling and organic matter accumulation, is unclear...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770728/disability-pathways-preceding-death-in-england-by-socio-economic-status
#5
Cecilia Potente, Christiaan Monden
The role of socio-economic status (SES) in the last years of life is an under-researched aspect of health inequalities. This study examines disability patterns preceding death using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We use repeated measures latent class analysis to identify the most common pathways preceding death in terms of walking ability and limitations in activities of daily living. Three pathways emerge: one characterized by consistently low disability; a second by a constant high level of functional limitations; and a third by medium impairment...
May 17, 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770608/north-african-mediterranean-hla-genetic-contribution-in-a-population-of-the-kidney-transplant-waiting-list-patients-of-canary-origin-gran-canaria
#6
J Martinez-Laso, A Ramirez-Puga, E Rivas-García, E Fernández-Tagarro, I Auyanet-Saavedra, R Guerra-Rodríguez, N Díaz-Novo, C García-Cantón
The peopling of the Canary Islands has been widely debated. The mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome data support the idea of a Berber genetic origin coming from the North of Africa (maternal) and a later contribution of the Spanish invaders (paternal) . The frequencies of the HLA class II alleles from the Tenerife Island (another Canary Island) have previously been published, postulating a Berber and Atlantic/Iberian contributions to the current population. The HLA class I and class II allele frequencies, haplotype frequencies and phylogenetic comparisons were performed in 215 unrelated individuals from Gran Canaria Island (belonging to the kidney transplant waiting list), with at least three generations of ancestors from Canary Islands, in order to study the different ethnical HLA contributions to the genetic background of the Canary Islanders...
May 17, 2018: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770588/trends-in-the-prescribing-of-topical-nasal-agents-using-an-nhs-england-data-base
#7
Haroon Shakeel Saeed, Rosie B Wright, Samit Kumar Ghosh
OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to present data depicting geographical prescribing trends and expenditure related to topical nasal agent prescriptions across clinical commissioning groups (CCG's) in England. We assess if prescribing trends can act as a surrogate marker for allergic rhinitis (AR) and rhinosinusitis disease burden (RS). DESIGN: NHS England primary care prescriptions dispensed for topical drugs used in nasal allergy (BNF chapter 12.2.1) were accessed using OpenPrescribing beta software...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770213/variable-phenotypic-presentations-of-renal-involvement-in-fabry-disease-a-case-series
#8
Sarah McCloskey, Paul Brennan, John A Sayer
Fabry disease is an X-linked genetic deficiency in the alpha-galactosidase enzyme resulting in intracellular accumulation of glycosphingolipids and multisystem organ dysfunction. Typically 50% of males and 20% of affected females have renal involvement, ranging from proteinuria or reduced renal function, renal parapelvic cysts and progressive renal disease ultimately requiring transplantation or dialysis. The phenotypic presentation of Fabry disease is incredibly varied and will even vary between family members with the same confirmed genetic mutation...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769257/optimum-hospice-at-home-services-for-end-of-life-care-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study-employing-realist-evaluation
#9
Claire Butler, Charlotte Brigden, Heather Gage, Peter Williams, Laura Holdsworth, Kay Greene, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay, Patricia Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Hospice at home (HAH) services aim to enable patients to be cared for and die in their place of choice, if that is at home, and to achieve a 'good death'. There is a considerable range of HAH services operating in England. The published evidence focuses on evaluations of individual services which vary considerably, and there is a lack of consistency in terms of the outcome measures reported. The evidence, therefore, does not provide generalisable information, so the question 'What are the features of hospice at home service models that work, for whom, and under what circumstances?' remains unanswered...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769254/long-term-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-acute-kidney-injury-a-propensity-matched-cohort-in-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#10
Uwe Koppe, Dorothea Nitsch, Kathryn E Mansfield, Rohini Mathur, Krishnan Bhaskaran, Rachel L Batterham, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is an effective method of weight reduction and has been associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) as a perioperative event. However, the long-term effects of the weight reduction after surgery on AKI are unknown. The objective of this study is to quantify the association of bariatric surgery with later risk of AKI. DESIGN: This study uses a propensity score-matched cohort of patients from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink database with and without bariatric surgery to compare rates of AKI episodes derived from linkage to the Hospital Episode Statistics...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768960/contested-understandings-of-recovery-in-mental-health
#11
Rhiannah McCabe, Richard Whittington, Laura Cramond, Elizabeth Perkins
BACKGROUND: The concept of recovery is contested throughout the existing literature and in mental health services. Little research exists that gives voice to service user perspectives of recovery. AIM: This paper explores how service users in two recovery oriented services run by the National Health Service in North West England talked about recovery and what it meant to them. METHOD: 14 service users accessing these services took part in semi-structured qualitative interviews focusing on the concept of recovery...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768831/polyurethane-based-ionogels-exhibiting-durable-thermoresponsive-optical-behavior-under-high-temperature-conditions
#12
Tomoya Sato, Matt W England, Liming Wang, Chihiro Urata, Hiroshi Kakiuchida, Atsushi Hozumi
Polyurethane (PU)-based transparent and flexible ionogels, showing unusual thermo-responsive optical properties, were successfully prepared by mixing PU-precursor and a hydrophobic ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (EMIM-TFSI). Although the initial ionogels were transparent at room temperature, significant increases in opacity were observed with increasing temperature up to 120°C, because of macroscopic phase separation of the PU-matrix and hydrophobic EMIM-TFSI. In addition, the optical transition temperature could be arbitrarily controlled simply by varying the mixing ratio of EMIM-TFSI within the PU-matrix...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767450/cost-effectiveness-of-alternative-changes-to-a-national-blood-collection-service
#13
S Willis, K De Corte, J A Cairns, M Zia Sadique, N Hawkins, M Pennington, G Cho, D J Roberts, G Miflin, R Grieve
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of changing opening times, introducing a donor health report and reducing the minimum inter-donation interval for donors attending static centres. BACKGROUND: Evidence is required about the effect of changes to the blood collection service on costs and the frequency of donation. METHODS/MATERIALS: This study estimated the effect of changes to the blood collection service in England on the annual number of whole-blood donations by current donors...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#14
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766565/a-retrospective-observational-study-of-people-with-type-1-diabetes-with-self-reported-severe-hypoglycaemia-reveals-high-level-of-ambulance-attendance-but-low-levels-of-therapy-change-and-specialist-intervention
#15
B C T Field, R Nayar, A Kilvert, M Baxter, J Hickey, M Cummings, S C Bain
AIM: To evaluate the impact of severe hypoglycaemia on NHS resources and overall glycaemic control in adults with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study of adults (aged ≥ 18 years) with Type 1 diabetes reporting one or more episodes of severe hypoglycaemia during the preceding 24 months in 10 NHS hospital diabetes centres in England and Wales. The primary outcome was healthcare resource utilization associated with severe hypoglycaemia...
May 15, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765871/optimizing-medicine-use-for-people-who-are-homebound-an-evaluation-of-a-pilot-domiciliary-medicine-use-review-dmur-service-in-england
#16
Asam Latif, Baguiasri Mandane, Emma Anderson, Caroline Barraclough, Samantha Travis
Background: As global life expectancy increases, older people with chronic diseases are being required to manage multiple and complex medicine regimes. However, polypharmacy raises the risk of medicine-related problems and preventable hospital admissions. To improve medicine use, English community pharmacies are commissioned to deliver Medicines Use Reviews (MURs), which are typically delivered from the pharmacy. People who are homebound rarely receive the service. This paper describes the uptake and impact of a pilot project that seeks to provide domiciliary Medicines Use Reviews (dMURs)...
2018: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765700/study-of-the-measurement-and-predictive-validity-of-the-functional-movement-screen
#17
Fraser Philp, Dimitra Blana, Edward K Chadwick, Caroline Stewart, Claire Stapleton, Kim Major, Anand D Pandyan
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reported measurement capabilities and predictive validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) for injury. Methods: This was a prospective observational longitudinal study of 24 male footballers from a single team in England, alongside analysis of an existing database over one season (September 2015-May 2016). A preseason FMS was carried out with scores recorded by an experienced assessor and derived, retrospectively, from the three-dimensional movement data that were simultaneously captured...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764883/comparison-of-indoor-temperatures-of-homes-with-recommended-temperatures-and-effects-of-disability-and-age-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#18
Gesche M Huebner, Ian Hamilton, Zaid Chalabi, David Shipworth, Tadj Oreszczyn
OBJECTIVES: We examine if temperatures in winter in English homes meet the recommendation of being at least 18°C at all times. We analyse how many days meet this criterion and calculate the hours per day and night being at/above 18°C. These metrics are compared between households with occupants aged above 64 years or having a long-term disability (LTD) and those younger and without disability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. SETTING: England...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764278/eating-well-living-well-and-weight-management-a-co-produced-semi-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-experienced-by-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
A J Doherty, S P Jones, U Chauhan, Jme Gibson
Adults with intellectual disabilities in England experience health inequalities. They are more likely than their non-disabled peers to be obese and at risk of serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. This semi-qualitative study engaged adults with intellectual disabilities in a co-production process to explore their perceived barriers and facilitators to eating well, living well and weight management. Nineteen participants with intellectual disabilities took part in four focus groups and one wider group discussion...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762778/the-effect-of-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-nutrient-utilization-and-blood-parameters-in-chicks-fed-diets-containing-soybean-meal-and-guar-gum
#20
Justina V Caldas, Karen Vignale, Nirun Boonsinchai, Jinrong Wang, Monticha Putsakum, Judith A England, Craig N Coon
The present study was conducted to determine whether the addition of β-mannanase in broiler feed changes hormonal profiles in the blood and broiler performance and nutrient availability. Five hundred and four Cobb male chickens were studied during d 7 to 21. Three corn-soybean meal (SBM) based diets 1) Low SBM (18% SBM); 2) High SBM (31% SBM); and 3) High SBM+GG (31% SBM + Guar Gum (GG) 0.5%) with 3 levels of β-mannanase (0, 200, and 400 ppm) were mixed to produce 9 diets. A factorial design 3 × 3 was performed with JMP pro 13 (SAS, 2017)...
May 11, 2018: Poultry Science
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