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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339665/an-evaluation-of-a-public-private-partnership-to-reduce-artificial-trans-fatty-acids-in-england-2011-16
#1
C Knai, L James, M Petticrew, E Eastmure, M A Durand, N Mays
The Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) is a public-private partnership in England involving voluntary pledges between government, and business and other public organizations to improve public health. One such voluntary pledge refers to the reduction of trans fatty acids (TFAs) in the food supply in England by either pledging not to use artificial TFAs or pledging artificial TFA removal. This paper evaluates the RD's effectiveness at encouraging signatory organizations to remove artificially produced TFAs from their products...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339460/evaluating-implementation-of-a-fire-prevention-injury-prevention-briefing-in-children-s-centres-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Toity Deave, Adrian Hawkins, Arun Kumar, Mike Hayes, Nicola Cooper, Michael Watson, Joanne Ablewhite, Carol Coupland, Alex Sutton, Gosia Majsak-Newman, Lisa McDaid, Trudy Goodenough, Kate Beckett, Elaine McColl, Richard Reading, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Many developed countries have high mortality rates for fire-related deaths in children aged 0-14 years with steep social gradients. Evidence-based interventions to promote fire safety practices exist, but the impact of implementing a range of these interventions in children's services has not been assessed. We developed an Injury Prevention Briefing (IPB), which brought together evidence about effective fire safety interventions and good practice in delivering interventions; plus training and facilitation to support its use and evaluated its implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334986/addressing-london-s-modern-urban-health-challenges-learning-from-other-global-cities
#3
Y G Doyle, A J Mills, M Korkodilos
Around 150 cities have emerged as notable at a global scale. With a global population of fewer than 12%, they generate 46% of world gross domestic product. There is growing interest in how cities can accelerate health improvements through wider social and economic collaboration. A team led by Public Health England in London visited counterparts in New York City and Paris to examine how city health leaders addressed public health challenges. The three cities have similar health challenges but different legal, political and fiscal resources for promoting and protecting health...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334926/can-memory-assessment-services-mas-in-england-be-categorized-a-national-survey
#4
T Chrysanthaki, B Fernandes, S Smith, N Black
Background: The effectiveness and efficiency of memory assessment services (MASs) is unknown. Our aim was to determine if a typology can be constructed, based on shared structural and process characteristics, as a basis for a non-randomized evaluation of their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Methods: Survey of random sample of 73 MASs in 2015; comparison of characteristics and investigation of inter-correlation. Results: It was not possible to group characteristics to form the basis of a typology of MASs...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334475/the-influence-of-role-models-in-undergraduate-nurse-education
#5
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, Alison Chambers
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the concept of role modelling in undergraduate nurse education and its effect on the personal and professional development of student nurses. BACKGROUND: Effective educative strategies are important for student nurses, who have to cope with learning in both clinical and university settings. Given the contemporary issues facing nurse education and practice in the United Kingdom (UK) it is timely and important to undertake pedagogical research into the concept of role modelling as an effective educative method...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334034/contrasting-effects-of-visiting-urban-green-space-and-the-countryside-on-biodiversity-knowledge-and-conservation-support
#6
Deborah F Coldwell, Karl L Evans
Conservation policy frequently assumes that increasing people's exposure to green-space enhances their knowledge of the natural world and desire to protect it. Urban development is, however, considered to be driving declining connectedness to nature. Despite this the evidence base supporting the assumption that visiting green-spaces promotes biodiversity knowledge and conservation support, and the impacts of urbanization on these relationships, is surprisingly limited. Using data from door-to-door surveys of nearly 300 residents in three pairs of small and large urban areas in England we demonstrate that people who visit green-space more regularly have higher biodiversity knowledge and support for conservation (measured using scales of pro-environmental behavior)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#7
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333355/wgs-to-predict-antibiotic-mics-for-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#8
David W Eyre, Dilrini De Silva, Kevin Cole, Joanna Peters, Michelle J Cole, Yonatan H Grad, Walter Demczuk, Irene Martin, Michael R Mulvey, Derrick W Crook, A Sarah Walker, Tim E A Peto, John Paul
Background: Tracking the spread of antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major priority for national surveillance programmes. Objectives: We investigate whether WGS and simultaneous analysis of multiple resistance determinants can be used to predict antimicrobial susceptibilities to the level of MICs in N. gonorrhoeae. Methods: WGS was used to identify previously reported potential resistance determinants in 681 N. gonorrhoeae isolates, from England, the USA and Canada, with phenotypes for cefixime, penicillin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline determined as part of national surveillance programmes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333334/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-peer-education-workshops-for-school-aged-children-to-teach-about-antibiotics-microbes-and-hygiene
#9
Vicki L Young, Amy Cole, Donna M Lecky, Dennis Fettis, Beth Pritchard, Neville Q Verlander, Charlotte V Eley, Cliodna A M McNulty
Background: Delivering health topics in schools through peer education is known to be beneficial for all students involved. In this study, we have evaluated a peer-education workshop that aims to educate primary and secondary school students on hygiene, the spread of infection and antibiotics. Methods: Four schools in south-west England, in a range of localities, took part in peer-education workshops, with students completing before, after and knowledge-retention questionnaires...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332197/music-making-for-health-and-wellbeing-in-youth-justice-settings-mediated-affordances-and-the-impact-of-context-and-social-relations
#10
Norma Daykin, Nick de Viggiani, Yvonne Moriarty, Paul Pilkington
Young people in the criminal justice system experience significant health and wellbeing issues that often stem from poverty and disadvantage and, in turn, are linked with offending and reoffending behaviour. There is ongoing interest in interventions such as participatory music programmes that seek to foster social reintegration, support mental wellbeing and equip young offenders with life skills, competencies and emotional resilience. However, there is a need for a situated understanding of both positive and negative experiences that shape potential outcomes of music projects...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331859/a-copmarative-review-of-electronic-prescription-systems-lessons-learned-from-developed-countries
#11
REVIEW
Mahnaz Samadbeik, Maryam Ahmadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Ali Garavand
This review study aimed to compare the electronic prescription systems in five selected countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden, England, and the United States). Compared developed countries were selected by the identified selection process from the countries that have electronic prescription systems. Required data were collected by searching the valid databases, most widely used search engines, and visiting websites related to the national electronic prescription system of each country and also sending E-mails to the related organizations using specifically designed data collection forms...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330589/ethnicity-and-excess-mortality-in-severe-mental-illness-a-cohort-study
#12
Jayati Das-Munshi, Chin-Kuo Chang, Rina Dutta, Craig Morgan, James Nazroo, Robert Stewart, Martin J Prince
BACKGROUND: Excess mortality in severe mental illness (defined here as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, and bipolar affective disorders) is well described, but little is known about this inequality in ethnic minorities. We aimed to estimate excess mortality for people with severe mental illness for five ethnic groups (white British, black Caribbean, black African, south Asian, and Irish) and to assess the association of ethnicity with mortality risk. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of individuals with a valid diagnosis of severe mental illness between Jan 1, 2007, and Dec 31, 2014, from the case registry of the South London and Maudsley Trust (London, UK)...
March 16, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330521/can-trainees-design-and-deliver-a-national-audit-of-epistaxis-management-a-pilot-of-a-secure-web-based-audit-tool-and-research-trainee-collaboratives
#13
N Mehta, R J Williams, M E Smith, A Hall, J C Hardman, L Cheung, M P Ellis, J M Fussey, R Lakhani, O McLaren, P C Nankivell, N Sharma, W Yeung, S Carrie, C Hopkins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a national audit of epistaxis management led and delivered by a multi-region trainee collaborative using a web-based interface to capture patient data. METHODS: Six trainee collaboratives across England nominated one site each and worked together to carry out this pilot. An encrypted data capture tool was adapted and installed within the infrastructure of a university secure server. Site-lead feedback was assessed through questionnaires...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329854/widowhood-and-depression-in-a-cross-national-perspective-evidence-from-the-united-states-europe-korea-and-china
#14
Apoorva Jadhav, David Weir
Objectives: We explore marital and depression trajectories over time for men and women, and distinguish between mood and somatic depression across contexts. Method: We use longitudinal data from 2002 to 2013 from the United States, England, Europe, Korea, and China to explore depression among individuals married at baseline and follow their trajectories into widowhood with married as the reference group. We use random effects models to estimate these trajectories using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) or EURO-D scales for men and women...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329300/personalising-the-decision-for-prolonged-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-development-validation-and-potential-impact-of-prognostic-models-for-cardiovascular-events-and-bleeding-in-myocardial-infarction-survivors
#15
Laura Pasea, Sheng-Chia Chung, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Alireza Moayyeri, Spiros Denaxas, Keith A A Fox, Lars Wallentin, Stuart J Pocock, Adam Timmis, Amitava Banerjee, Riyaz Patel, Harry Hemingway
Aims: The aim of this study is to develop models to aid the decision to prolong dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) that requires balancing an individual patient's potential benefits and harms. Methods and results: Using population-based electronic health records (EHRs) (CALIBER, England, 2000-10), of patients evaluated 1 year after acute myocardial infarction (MI), we developed (n = 12 694 patients) and validated (n = 5613) prognostic models for cardiovascular (cardiovascular death, MI or stroke) events and three different bleeding endpoints...
February 27, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328647/pressure-injury-in-a-community-population-a-descriptive-study
#16
Lisa Q Corbett, Marjorie Funk, Gilbert Fortunato, David M OʼSullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe present-on-admission pressure injuries (POA-PIs) in community-dwelling adults admitted to acute care. The specific aims of the study were to (1) measure the prevalence of POA-PIs during a 1-year period; (2) determine prehospital location of patients with POA-PIs; and (3) describe demographics, pressure injury (PI) characteristics, risk factors, and posthospital outcome of community-dwelling adults with PIs admitted to hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328576/chronic-pain-patients-perspectives-of-medical-cannabis
#17
Brian J Piper, Monica L Beals, Alexander T Abess, Stephanie D Nichols, Maurice Martin, Catherine M Cobb, Rebecca M DeKeuster
Medical cannabis (MC) is employed for a variety of conditions including chronic pain. The goal of this report was to provide an in-depth qualitative exploration of patient perspectives on the strengths and limitations of MC. Members of MC dispensaries (N = 984) in New England including two-thirds with a history of chronic pain completed an online survey. In response to "How effective is medical cannabis in treating your symptoms or conditions?", with options of 0% "no relief" to 100% "complete relief", the average was 74...
March 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328277/finding-the-right-frameworks
#18
Sam Foster
Sam Foster, Chief Nurse at Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, discusses the issues around job descriptions, curricula and opportunities for progression needed to ensure care delivery is fit for existing and future patients.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328260/reducing-the-incidence-of-parastomal-hernia-with-a-simple-surgical-technique
#19
Kevin Hayles, Alex Almoudaris
The incidence of parastomal hernia is reported at between 10% and 50%. The development of a hernia after stoma surgery can lead to both physical and psychological problems and may reduce the individual's quality of life. Many garments and appliances are aimed at managing a stoma and a peri-stomal hernia. From a surgical perspective, to date there has been no real success in achieving a reduction in parastomal hernia incidence. The cost of managing a parastomal hernia is reported as being in excess of £1 million a year in England for non-surgical management alone...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328132/revised-estimates-of-the-risk-of-fetal-loss-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-trisomy-13-or-trisomy-18
#20
Alana Cavadino, Joan K Morris
Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18) and Patau syndrome (trisomy 13) both have high natural fetal loss rates. The aim of this study was to provide estimates of these fetal loss rates by single gestational week of age using data from the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register. Data from all pregnancies with Edwards or Patau syndrome that were prenatally detected in England and Wales from 2004 to 2014 was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. Pregnancies were entered into the analysis at the time of gestation at diagnosis, and were considered "under observation" until the gestation at outcome...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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