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Ryan J Marek, Anthony M Tarescavage, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg, Julie Merrell Rish
BACKGROUND: The reasons why some patients who begin the presurgical process for bariatric surgery fail to complete the procedure are understudied. Previous research implies that psychological factors play a role. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether scores from baseline psychological testing incrementally predict failure to proceed with bariatric surgery beyond demographic information in patients' medical charts and data derived from a clinical interview. SETTING: Cleveland Clinic Bariatric and Metabolic Institute...
September 16, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Shafay Raheel, Izzat Shbeeb, Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson
OBJECTIVE: To determine time trends in the incidence and survival of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) over a 15 year period in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA and to examine trends in incidence of PMR in the population by comparing this time period to a previous incidence cohort from the same population base. METHODS: All cases of incident PMR among Olmsted County, Minnesota residents in 2000-2014 were identified to extend the previous 1970-1999 cohort. Detailed review of all individual medical records was performed...
October 21, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Jessica Quinlan-Woodward, Autumn Gode, Jeffery A Dusek, Adam S Reinstein, Jill R Johnson, Sue Sendelbach
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of acupuncture to a standard-of-care (control) group on pain, nausea, anxiety, and ability to cope. 
. DESIGN: Pilot randomized, controlled trial. 
. SETTING: Abbott Northwestern Hospital, a large, urban, tertiary care hospital in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
. SAMPLE: 30 adult women undergoing surgery for breast cancer.
. METHODS: Women were randomly assigned to two hospital-based acupuncture treatments versus usual care after breast cancer surgery...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Sarah Teatero, Patricia Ferrieri, Nahuel Fittipaldi
To further understand the emergence of serotype IV group B Streptococcus (GBS) invasive disease, we used whole-genome sequencing to characterize 3 sequence type 468 strains isolated from neonates in Minnesota, USA. We found that strains of tetracycline-resistant sequence type 468 GBS have acquired virulence genes from a putative clonal complex 17 GBS donor by recombination.
November 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Wesley T O'Neal, Kristine E Lee, Elsayed Z Soliman, Ronald Klein, Barbara E K Klein
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and determinants of developing abnormalities on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in persons with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We evaluated the distribution of ECG abnormalities and risk factors for developing new abnormalities in 266 (mean age = 44 years ± 9.0; 50 % female) people with type 1 diabetes from the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy. This analysis included participants with complete ECG data from study visit 5 (2000-2001) and follow-up ECGs from study visit 7 (2012-2014)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Lisa M James, Brian E Engdahl, Arthur C Leuthold, Apostolos P Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that six alleles from class II genes of the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) confer protection from Gulf War Illness (GWI) (Georgopoulos et al., 2015). The most significant effect is exerted on Neurological-Cognitive-Mood (NCM), Pain, and Fatigue symptoms, such that higher number of copies of the protective alleles are associated with lower symptom severity. Here we tested the hypothesis that this effect is exerted by modulating the strength of neural synchronicity...
October 14, 2016: EBioMedicine
Elizabeth Lightfoot, Jennifer Blevins, Terry Lum, Amano Dube
This community-based participatory research study sought to identify the cultural health assets of the Somali and Oromo communities in one Minnesota neighborhood that could be mobilized to develop culturally appropriate health interventions. Community asset mappers conducted 76 interviews with Somali and Oromo refugees in in Minnesota regarding the cultural assets of their community. A community-university data analysis team coded data for major themes. Key cultural health assets of the Somali and Oromo refugee communities revealed in this study include religion and religious beliefs, religious and cultural practices, a strong culture of sharing, interconnectedness, the prominence of oral traditions, traditional healthy eating and healthy lifestyles, traditional foods and medicine, and a strong cultural value placed on health...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
David Fleischman, Amanda K Bicket, Sandra S Stinnett, John P Berdahl, Jost B Jonas, Ning Li Wang, Michael P Fautsch, R Rand Allingham
Purpose: To evaluate a frequently used regression model and a new, modified regression model to estimate cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP). Methods: Datasets from the Beijing iCOP study from Tongren Hospital, Beijing, China, and the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, were tested in this retrospective, case-control study. An often-used regression model derived from the Beijing iCOP dataset, but without radiographic data, was used to predict CSFP by using demographic and physiologic data...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
A H Arpaci, B Işik, N Cura, B Kaplan, P Bozkurt
AIM: Maternal personality traits affect child dental behaviour and have a potential link with dental treatment methods. This study aims to evaluate which maternal personality traits affect child dental behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research was carried out upon 60 children aged between 3-12 years, who had been admitted to our clinic for tooth extraction. All children were evaluated by means of the Frankl Behavior Scale (FBS): degrees I and II represent negative behaviours, while III and IV positive behaviour...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Shannon M Dunlay, Jacob J Strand, Sara E Wordingham, John M Stulak, Angela J Luckhardt, Keith M Swetz
BACKGROUND: Despite the ability of left ventricular assist device as destination therapy (DT-LVAD) to prolong survival for many patients with advanced heart failure, little is known about the eventual end-of-life care that patients with DT-LVAD receive. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients undergoing DT-LVAD at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, from January 1, 2007, to September 30, 2014, who subsequently died before July 1, 2015, were included. Information about end-of-life care was obtained from documentation in the electronic medical record...
October 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
Daniel A Nidzgorski, Sarah E Hobbie
Many urban waterways suffer from excess nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), feeding algal blooms, which cause lower water clarity and oxygen levels, bad odor and taste, and the loss of desirable species. Nutrient movement from land to water is likely to be influenced by urban vegetation, but there are few empirical studies addressing this. In this study, we examined whether or not urban trees can reduce nutrient leaching to groundwater, an important nutrient export pathway that has received less attention than stormwater...
July 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Jared J Murray, Colleen M Renier, Jenny J Ahern, Barbara A Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To document neuromuscular training (NMT) availability and its relationship to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in 4 major high school sports by gender, sport, and rural/urban geography, with the hypothesis that increased exposure to NMT would be associated with fewer ACL injuries. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: All Minnesota high schools identified in the Minnesota State High School League (MSHSL) database for fall 2014 boys' football and soccer, and girls' volleyball and soccer...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Akio Ishida, Yoshino Kinjo, Yuichiro Toma, Kozen Kinjo, Kunitoshi Iseki, Yusuke Ohya
OBJECTIVE: We reported that ankle-brachial index (ABI) was lowest at <40 years, and increased with age until 60 years and decreased thereafter in a screened cohort of Japanese general population. We hypothesized that this increase in ABI with age occurs owing to increasing arterial stiffness and wave reflection, and therefore, a high normal ABI is associated with target organ damage. DESIGN AND METHOD: We measured ABI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) by an automatic oscillometric method...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Carl Elliott
In the spring of 2015, 11 years after a mentally ill young man named Dan Markingson stabbed himself to death in an industry-sponsored drug study, officials at the University of Minnesota suspended recruitment of subjects into drug trials in its Department of Psychiatry. University officials agreed to act only after a scathing investigation by Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor found damning evidence of coerced recruitment, inadequate clinical care, superficial research oversight, a web of serious, disturbing conflicts of interest, and a pattern of misleading public statements by university officials aimed at deflecting scrutiny...
October 18, 2016: Accountability in Research
Richard W Handel
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent-Restructured Form (MMPI-A-RF; Archer, Handel, Ben-Porath, & Tellegen, 2016) is a new broadband measure of adolescent psychopathology and personality. The MMPI-A-RF is the adolescent counterpart of the MMPI-2-RF (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011). The goal of the MMPI-2-RF development project was to capture the clinically significant substance of the MMPI-2 item pool with a psychometrically sound measure linked to contemporary models of personality and psychopathology (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Erick Chan, Francesco Giallauria, Carlo Vigorito, Neil A Smart
Exercise training induces physical adaptations for heart failure patients with systolic dysfunction but less is known about those patients with preserved ejection fraction. This study's aims were to establish if exercise training produces changes in peak VO2 and related measures, quality of life, general health and diastolic function in heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We conducted a MEDLINE search (1985 to September 1, 2015), for exercise based rehabilitation trials in heart failure, using search terms 'exercise training, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, heart failure with  normal ejection fraction, peak VO2 and diastolic heart dysfunction'...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Ruchi Kaushik, Isabelle M Krisch, Darrell R Schroeder, Randall Flick, Michael E Nemergut
BACKGROUND: Head injuries are the leading cause of death among cyclists, 85 % of which can be prevented by wearing a bicycle helmet. This study aims to estimate the incidence of pediatric bicycle-related injuries in Olmsted County and assess differences in injuries between those wearing helmets vs. not. METHODS: Olmsted County, Minnesota residents 5 to 18 years of age with a diagnostic code consistent with an injury associated with the use of a bicycle between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2011, were identified...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
K N Anderson, J J Connor, A F Koerner, M A Rueter
STUDY QUESTION: Compared to families with IVF singletons, what are parental depressive, parent-adolescent interaction and adolescent adjustment outcomes in families with 11-17-year-old IVF twins? SUMMARY ANSWER: No differences were detected for any measured outcome between families with 11-17-year-old IVF twins and those with IVF singletons, despite high statistical power. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: When IVF twins are younger than 5-years-old, parents tend to have more mental health difficulties and poorer parent-child interactions relative to IVF singletons...
October 15, 2016: Human Reproduction
Sheryl Scott, Joanne D'Silva, Carol Hernandez, Nicole Toves Villaluz, Jaime Martinez, Chris Matter
While the reduction in the overall U.S. smoking prevalence has been declared one of the top 10 public health achievements of the past century, the growing disparity in smoking between American Indians and the general population is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. Minnesota in particular has very high smoking rates among American Indians (59%). Tribal Nations in Minnesota share a past of attempted cultural genocide and a present of restoring the strength of their cultural teachings, including the prominence of traditional tobacco as a sacred "first medicine...
October 14, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Andrew C Dietz, Christine N Duncan, Blanche P Alter, Dorine Bresters, Morton J Cowan, Luigi Notarangelo, Philip S Rosenberg, Shalini Shenoy, Roderick Skinner, Mark C Walters, John Wagner, K Scott Baker, Michael A Pulsipher
An international consensus conference sponsored by the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant consortium entitled, "Late Effects Screening and Recommendations Following Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant for Immune Deficiency and Non-malignant Hematologic Disease was held in Minneapolis, Minnesota on May 10-11, 2016. The purpose of the conference was to address the unmet need for a greater understanding of and the screening for long-term complications in the growing population of survivors of transplantation for non-malignant disorders...
October 10, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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