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Metin Gündüz, Tamer Sekmenli, İlhan Ciftci, Ahmet Midhat Elmacı
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of preoperative urinary catheterization in nephrolithiasis treatment with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). METHODS: Patients admitted to the Department of Pediatric Surgery for renal stones between June 2012 and June 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on JJ stent placements. Group 1 did not receive JJ stents, while group 2 did. The recorded demographic data for each group included age, gender, stone size, location, sessions, and complications...
October 26, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
M Fernández Ibieta, A Bujons Tur, J Caffaratti Sfulcini, J Alberola, D Bonín, R Jiménez Corro, H Villavicencio
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal Shock Wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the cornerstone of pediatric urolitiasis management. We evaluated its efficacy and complications in a series of children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children who were managed with ESWL between 2003 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. We studied etiology, clinical presentation, stonefree ratio and relevant complications. SPSS 17.0 software was used. RESULTS: 90 children aged 0 to 10 years (median 2...
January 15, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Theodoros Tokas, Martin Habicher, Daniel Junker, Thomas Herrmann, Jan Peter Jessen, Thomas Knoll, Udo Nagele
PURPOSE: To evaluate the stone-free rates (SFRs) and stone clearance rates (SCRs) of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL), retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), and percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy (PCNL) according to non-contrast computer tomography (NCCT) findings. METHODS: Original articles were identified from PubMed. After exclusion of ineligible papers, twenty-three studies with 2494 cases were included in the review. RESULTS: Six SWL, five RIRS and eight PCNL studies were selected...
October 13, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Wojciech Krajewski, Janusz Dembowski, Anna Kołodziej, Bartosz Małkiewicz, Krzysztof Tupikowski, Michał Matuszewski, Paweł Chudoba, Maria Boratyńska, Marian Klinger, Romuald Zdrojowy
INTRODUCTION: Urological complications after renal transplantation occur in between 2.5% and 30% of all graft recipients. The aim of the study was to present 7 years of experience in urological treatment of patients with a transplanted kidney. We aimed to identify retrospectively late urological complications in renal transplant recipients at a single center and analyze the treatment modalities and their outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2014, a total of 58 patients after KTX were treated in the Department of Urology because of post-transplant urological complications that occurred during follow-up at the Transplant Outpatient Department...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Kemal Sarica, Bilal Eryildirim, Cahit Sahin, Özlem Kolçak Türkoğlu, Murat Tuncer, Alper Coskun, Hakan Akdere
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the emergency management of obstructing ureteral calculi with two different techniques (SWL and URS) with an emphasis on patients life quality. METHODS: A total of 80 patients presenting with acute colic pain due to a single obstructing ureteral stone were treated within 24 hours following the onset of pain with two different approaches in a randomized manner. Patients requiring DJ stent placement and/or auxiliary measures after both procedures were excluded and the remaining 65 patients were evaluated [Group1: ESWL (n = 34); Group 2: URS (n = 31)]...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Danny M Rabah, Mohamed S Mabrouki, Karim H Farhat, Mohamed A Seida, Mostafa A Arafa, Riyadh F Talic
This study was designed to find out the optimized energy delivery strategy in Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) that yield to the best stone-free rate (SFR). In this clinical trial, 150 consecutive patients were randomized into three groups: (a) Dose escalation, 1500 SW at 18 kV, followed by 1500 SW at 20 kV then 1500 SW at 22 kV. (b) Constant dose, 4500 SW at 20 kV. All patients undergo plain X-ray film of the urinary tract at day 1, 14, and 90 to assess stone-free rate (SFR) which was defined as no stones or painless fragments less than 4 mm...
September 29, 2016: Urolithiasis
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Ankur Bansal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Ashok Kumar Gupta
To assess the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in bilateral staghorn calculi in pediatric patients, we have performed a retrospective analysis. Staghorn calculus is defined as stone that fills a greater part of the pelvic-caliceal system. Still, in developing countries, patients may present with staghorn calculus. PCNL is the preferred treatment modality for staghorn calculus both in adult and children. Our study included fifty-one pediatric patients (<15 years) of bilateral staghorn calculi from 2004 to 2015...
September 15, 2016: Urolithiasis
Marlon Perera, Nathan P Papa, Ned Kinnear, David Wetherell, Nathan Lawrentschuk, David R Webb, Damien M Bolton
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of urolithiasis is increasing in the Western population. Significant advances in ureteroscopy and stone fragmentation energy sources has resulted in a paradigm shift in urolithiasis management. We aimed to assess the current state of urolithiasis management in Australia over the last 15 years using population-based data. METHODS: Medicare Australia databases were accessed and Medicare rebate codes pertaining to ureteroscopy, extra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) were extracted per state, year and gender between 2001 and 2015...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Endourology
R Orozco Fariñas, J I Iglesias Prieto, P Pellejero Pérez, J Massarrah Halabi, J M Mancebo, E Pérez-Castro Ellendt
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present article is to summarize the results we obtained treating children with urolithiasis over the last 30 years and to perform an analysis on the basis of the these results and relevant details according to national and international experience. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive statistical analysis of the 30 year experience in our clinics. The study was performed with a sample size of 178 children treated with urolithiasis that underwent 221 procedures...
September 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
R G Bengió, L Arribillaga, J Epelde, S Orellana, H García-Önto, A Montedoro, E Cordero, G Oulton, R H Bengió
OBJECTIVE: To present a predictive tool of success of ESWL adapted to our environment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study of patients with renal and upper ureteral stones whom underwent ESWL with DUET MAGNA lithotripter between January 2014 and March 2015. We included 114 patients in whom demographics and CT scan characteristics were studied. Multivariate analysis by logistic regression was performed to establish independent predictors of success in ESWL...
September 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Jian-Shan Cai, Sun Qiang, Yin Bao-Bing
Gallstone disease is a common and frequently occurring disease in human, and it is the main disease among the digestive system diseases. The incidence of gallstone disease in western countries is about 5%-22%, and common bile duct stones (CBDS) accounts for 8%-20%. CBDS easily lead to biliary obstruction, secondary cholangitis, pancreatitis, and obstructive jaundice, even endanger life. Therefore, it needs timely treatment once diagnosed. The recurrence of choledocholithiasis after bile duct stones clearance involves complicated factors and cannot be completely elaborated by a single factor...
September 9, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Thibaut Vaysse, Isabelle Boytchev, Guillemette Antoni, Damien Sainte Croix, André Daniel Choury, Valérie Laurent, Gilles Pelletier, Catherine Buffet, Rita Bou-Farah, Franck Carbonnel
INTRODUCTION: There is still uncertainty regarding the efficacy and optimal modalities of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis. The aims of the present study were to assess the safety and the efficacy of ESWL, either alone or followed by therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (adjuvant ERCP) and to determine predictive factors of efficacy, in a real-life setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included all consecutive patients who underwent an ESWL in a single University Hospital between 2001 and 2012...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Alessandro Capitanini, Luca Rosso, Laura Giannecchini, Ophelia Meniconi, Adamasco Cupisti
A 47-year old, Caucasian man underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) of a 14mm calcium stone in the right renal pelvis, without urinary tract obstruction or sepsis. 24 hours after ESWL septic shock occurred and the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Escherichia coli emerged from the blood and urine culture. The patient developed acute renal failure and it was necessary to start a continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Infection was successfully treated, patient recovered renal function and an improvement of general condition occurred...
September 1, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Marcos Tobias-Machado, Alexandre Kiyoshi Hidaka, Igor Nunes-Silva, Carlos Alberto Chagas, Leandro Correa Leal, Antonio Carlos Lima Pompeo
INTRODUCTION: In special situations such as malrotated or ectopic kidneys and UPJ stenosis treatment of renal lithiasis can be challenging. In these rare cases laparoscopy can be indicated. OBJECTIVE: Describe the Laparoscopic-assisted rigid nephroscopy performed via transpyelic approach and report the feasibility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present two cases of caliceal lithiasis. The first is a patient that ESWL and previous percutaneous lithotripsy have failed, with pelvic kidney where laparoscopic dissection of renal pelvis was carried out followed by nephroscopy utilizing the 30 Fr rigid nephroscope to remove the calculus...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Khaled A Telha, Khaled Alkohlany, Ibrahim Alnono
OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) for the treatment of bladder stones of <20 mm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was prospectively performed in two hospitals (Althawrah Modern General Hospital, and Ibn Sina Specialized Hospital) between November 2012 and November 2015. In all, 44 patients presented with urethral or bladder stones. The location and size of the stones was assessed by abdominal ultrasonography and plain abdominal radiography of the kidneys, ureters and bladder...
September 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
Ahmed El-Assmy, Ahmed M Harraz, Yasser Eldemerdash, Mohammed Elkhamesy, Ahmed R El-Nahas, Ahmed M Elshal, Khaled Z Sheir
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of stone fragmentation on late stone recurrence by comparing the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) and non-fragmenting percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), and to investigate factors contributing to recurrent calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated stone recurrence in 647 patients who initially achieved a stone-free status after ESWL and compared the outcomes to 137 stone-free patients treated with PCNL without stone fragmentation...
June 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
S Gupta, J Scambia, C Gandillon, F Aversano, R Batista
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common procedure in the treatment of renal calculi. There have been major complications reported with ESWL such as acute pancreatitis, bower perforation, venous thrombosis, and biliary obstruction. There are few reports in the literature of necrotizing pancreatitis secondary to ESWL. We have a case report of a 29-year-old female that developed an abdominal compartment syndrome with an acute necrotizing pancreatitis hours after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy...
September 2016: Urology Case Reports
Grażyna Krzemień, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Katarzyna Jankowska-Dziadak, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Urolithiasis in children occurs with the incidence of 0.1-5%. Risk factors such as metabolic disorders, recurrent urinary tract infections and/or congenital abnormalities of urinary tract are detected in 75-85% of children with urolithiasis. Staghorn calculi is associated with delayed diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection caused by specific organisms, which produce the enzyme urease, promoting generation of ammonia and hydroxide from urea. We present two boys with staghorn calculi recognized in 8th and 31st month of age...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
N Sohail, A Albodour, K Abdelrahman
We report a case of 15-year old female who presented with recurrent lower abdominal pain treated three times with ESWL previously. She was diagnosed as having right ectopic kidney with a 4 cm renal stone in renal pelvis and involving lower and mid calyx. She was treated successfully with laparoscopic assisted transmesocolonic percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. Procedure resulted in complete stone clearance without any perioperative or post operative complication. Patient stayed in hospital for 72 h with no drains or stents after day 5, post operatively...
July 2016: Urology Case Reports
Abhishek Gajendra Singh, Jaspreet Singh Chhabra, Ravindra Sabnis, Arvind Ganpule, Ankush Jairath, Darshan Shah, Mahesh Desai
INTRODUCTION: Flexible uretero-renoscopy (FURS) is an accepted modality for management of renal calculi in orthotopically placed kidney. Though it has been used in management of calculi in anomalous kidneys, the literature is scarce. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To define the role of FURS in the management of stones in anomalous kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all the patients with anomalous kidneys who primarily underwent FURS from January 2010 to December 2015 at our institute...
June 15, 2016: World Journal of Urology
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