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pediatric paediatric child infant

Karin Becke, Christoph Eich, Claudia Höhne, Martin Jöhr, Andreas Machotta, Markus Schreiber, Robert Sümpelmann
Inspired by the Choosing Wisely initiative, a group of pediatric anesthesiologists representing the German Working Group on Paediatric Anaesthesia (WAKKA) coined and agreed upon 10 concise positive ("dos") or negative ("don'ts") evidence-based recommendations. (i) In infants and children with robust indications for surgical, interventional, or diagnostic procedures, anesthesia or sedation should not be avoided or delayed due to the potential neurotoxicity associated with the exposure to anesthetics...
May 30, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Helena Pfeiffer, Louise Crowe, Alison Mary Kemp, Laura Elizabeth Cowley, Anne S Smith, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: Misdiagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) has serious consequences for children and families. This systematic review identifies and compares clinical prediction rules (CPredRs) assisting clinicians in assessing suspected AHT. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed and Cochrane databases (January 1996 to August 2016). Externally validated CPredRs focusing on the detection of AHT in the clinical setting were included. RESULTS: Of 110 potential articles identified, three studies met the inclusion criteria: the Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network (PediBIRN) 4-Variable AHT CPredR, the Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool and the Pittsburgh Infant Brain Injury Score (PIBIS)...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Susanna L den Boer, Sara J Baart, Marijke H van der Meulen, Gabriëlle G van Iperen, Ad P Backx, Arend D Ten Harkel, Lukas A Rammeloo, Gideon J du Marchie Sarvaas, Ronald B Tanke, Willem A Helbing, Elisabeth M Utens, Michiel Dalinghaus
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy in children causes heart failure and has a poor prognosis. Health-related quality of life in this patient group is unknown. Moreover, results may provide detailed information of parents' sense of their child's functioning. We hypothesised that health-related quality of life, as rated by parents, and the paediatric heart failure score, as assessed by physicians, have both predictive value on outcome. Methods and results In this prospective study, health-related quality of life was assessed by parent reports: the Infant Toddler Quality of Life questionnaire (0-4 years) or Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 (4-18 years) at 3-6-month intervals...
August 2017: Cardiology in the Young
Jihane Ben-Farhat, Birgit Schramm, Nathalie Nicolay, Stephen Wanjala, Elisabeth Szumilin, Suna Balkan, Mar Pujades-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To assess mortality and clinical outcomes in children treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) in four African vertical programmes between 2001 and 2010. METHODS: Cohort analysis of data from HIV-infected children (<15 years old) initiating ART in four sub-Saharan HIV programmes in Kenya, Uganda and Malawi, between December 2001 and December 2010. Rates of mortality, programme attrition and first-line clinico-immunological failure were calculated by age group (<2, 2-4 and 5-14 years), 1 or 2 years after ART initiation, and risk factors were examined...
March 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Selcuk Guven, Abbas Basiri, Anil Kumar Varshney, Ibrahim Atilla Aridogan, Hiroyasu Miura, Mark White, Mehmet Kilinc, Jean de la Rosette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of ureteroscopy (URS) in children treated in several hospitals participating in the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) Study, and to present the overall results of pediatric URS compared with adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The CROES Study collected data on consecutive patients treated with URS for urolithiasis at each participating center over a 1-year period. The collected prospective global database includes data for 11,885 patients who received URS at 114 centers in 32 countries...
March 2017: Urology
Jochen Ehrich, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Massimo Pettoello-Mantovani
The field of pediatrics in Europe is characterized by the diversities, variations, and heterogeneities of child health care services provided in 53 European countries with more than 200 million children below 18 years of age. Managing the health care of infants, children, and adolescents in Europe requires balancing clinical aims, research findings, and socioeconomic goals within a typical environment characterized by cultural and economic complexity and large disparity in availability, affordability, and accessibility of pediatric care...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Ari Joffe, Natalie Anton, Laurance Lequier, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Tjosvold, Bodil Larsen, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. This is an update of a review that was originally published in 2009. . OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the impact of enteral and parenteral nutrition given in the first week of illness on clinically important outcomes in critically ill children...
May 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
David Chelo, Félicitée Nguefack, Anicet Ntoude, Florence Soh, Patrick Ngou, Paul O Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: In Cameroon the rate of infant-juvenile mortality remains high and most death occur in the community. Mortality statistics is usually based on hospital data which are generally insufficient and less reliable. In a context where legislation on death registration is not applied, and where conventional autopsy is not often done, verbal autopsy (VA) provides information on mortality. This study tried to experiment this method and also analyses the therapeutic pathway of a group of children who died before arrival at the emergency department of a pediatric hospital...
January 2016: Translational Pediatrics
Maria H Kim, Saeed Ahmed, Elaine J Abrams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on current developments with prevention, treatment and cure strategies in the field of pediatric HIV. RECENT FINDINGS/SUMMARY: There has been tremendous progress in the prevention and treatment of pediatric HIV infection. With new strategies for prevention of mother-to-child transmission, we are growing ever closer towards elimination of pediatric HIV, though challenges with retention of pregnant woman and their HIV-exposed infants remain...
September 2015: Current Pediatrics Reports
Jeffrey P Jacobs
This December Issue of Cardiology in the Young represents the 13th annual publication in Cardiology in the Young generated from the two meetings that composed "HeartWeek in Florida". "HeartWeek in Florida", the joint collaborative project sponsored by the Cardiac Centre at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, together with Johns Hopkins All Children's Heart Institute of Saint Petersburg, Florida, averages over 1000 attendees every year and is now recognised as one of the major planks of continuing medical and nursing education for those working in the fields of diagnosis and treatment of cardiac disease in the foetus, neonate, infant, child, and adult...
December 2015: Cardiology in the Young
Michael J Smith, Jeffrey S Gerber, Adam L Hersh
BACKGROUND: The clinical and economic outcomes associated with pediatric antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) and other supplemental antimicrobial stewardship (AS) interventions have not been well described or reviewed. METHODS: We performed a systematic review using PubMed to identify studies with any of the following terms in the title or abstract: "antimicrobial stewardship," "antimicrobial control," "antibiotic control," or "antibiotic stewardship." Studies were further limited to inpatient studies in the United States that contained the terms: "child," "children," "pediatric*" ("*" includes all terms with the same stem), "paediatric,*" "newborn," "infant," or "neonat,*" in the title or abstract...
December 2015: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Stephanie Anne Deutsch, Christopher J Long, Arun K Srinivasan, Joanne N Wood
Sexual abuse of children is prevalent in today's society. In 2012, approximately 686,000 children (9.2 per 1000) in the United States were determined to be victims of substantiated child abuse and neglect, according to national data compiled by child protective service agencies; victimization rates were highest for children younger than 1 year. Nearly 9.3% of maltreated children were victims of sexual abuse, this finding was reported by US Department of Health and Human Services (
April 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jeffrey P Jacobs
This December Issue of Cardiology in the Young represents the 12th annual publication generated from the two meetings that compose "HeartWeek in Florida". "HeartWeek in Florida", the joint collaborative project sponsored by the Cardiac Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, together with Johns Hopkins All Children's Heart Institute of Saint Petersburg, Florida, averages over 1000 attendees every year and is now recognised as one of the major planks of continuing medical and nursing education for those working in the fields of diagnosis and treatment of cardiac disease in the foetus, neonate, infant, child, and adult...
December 2014: Cardiology in the Young
A Montavont, A Kaminska, C Soufflet, D Taussig
Long-term video-EEG corresponds to a recording ranging from 1 to 24 h or even longer. It is indicated in the following situations: diagnosis of epileptic syndromes or unclassified epilepsy, pre-surgical evaluation for drug-resistant epilepsy, follow-up of epilepsy or in cases of paroxysmal symptoms whose etiology remains uncertain. There are some specificities related to paediatric care: a dedicated pediatric unit; continuous monitoring covering at least a full 24-hour period, especially in the context of pre-surgical evaluation; the requirement of presence by the parents, technician or nurse; and stronger attachment of electrodes (cup electrodes), the number of which is adapted to the age of the child...
March 2015: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Jonathan Whitton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Norman Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
S C Shelmerdine, R Das, M D Ingram, S Negus
AIM: To determine the potential shortfall in skeletal survey referral for children presenting with an acute non-supracondylar humeral or femoral fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plain radiograph reports were reviewed retrospectively using the radiology information system database over a 5 year study period (May 2008-2013) in children under 18 months of age who presented with an acute fracture. Subsequent skeletal survey referral was used as a surrogate marker for further investigation of child abuse...
December 2014: Clinical Radiology
N O'Brien, S M McGlacken-Byrne, C P Hawkes, N Murphy
The National Health Service in the UK has identified thirteen key standards of paediatric diabetes care. Funding depends on services meeting these standards. The aim of this study was to determine if these standards are applicable in an Irish setting. All patients attending the diabetes service during 2012 were included. Patient charts, electronic appointments, nursing notes and computerised results were used to ascertain relevant information for comparison with the NHS standards. Patients attended a mean 2...
July 2014: Irish Medical Journal
G Grisaru-Soen, M Savyon, E Sadot, V Schechner, Y Sivan, D Schwartz, J Tarabeia, Z Amitai, I Yoabov, Y Carmeli
SETTING: This report describes the management and outcome of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and paediatric ICU (PICU) exposure to a 26-day-old premature infant with congenital tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: The infant's mother underwent chest X-ray (CXR) and sputum culture. Contacts of the infant were identified. Tuberculin skin tests (TSTs) were performed on 97 infants and children, 156 NICU and PICU visitors and 115 health care workers. RESULTS: The mother's sputum culture was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
September 2014: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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