keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Integration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156823/differential-activation-of-fyn-kinase-distinguishes-saturated-and-unsaturated-fats-in-mouse-macrophages
#1
Elena Tarabra, Ting-Wen An Lee, Victor A Zammit, Manu Vatish, Eijiro Yamada, Jeffrey E Pessin, Claire C Bastie
Diet-induced obesity is associated with increased adipose tissue activated macrophages. Yet, how macrophages integrate fatty acid (FA) signals remains unclear. We previously demonstrated that Fyn deficiency (fynKO) protects against high fat diet-induced adipose tissue macrophage accumulation. Herein, we show that inflammatory markers and reactive oxygen species are not induced in fynKO bone marrow-derived macrophages exposed to the saturated FA palmitate, suggesting that Fyn regulates macrophage function in response to FA signals...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156801/genomic-characterization-of-human-papillomavirus-positive-and-negative-human-squamous-cell-cancer-cell-lines
#2
Nene N Kalu, Tuhina Mazumdar, Shaohua Peng, Li Shen, Vaishnavi Sambandam, Xiayu Rao, Yuanxin Xi, Lerong Li, Yuan Qi, Frederico O Gleber-Netto, Ameeta Patel, Jing Wang, Mitchell J Frederick, Jeffrey N Myers, Curtis R Pickering, Faye M Johnson
Human cancer cell lines are the most frequently used preclinical models in the study of cancer biology and the development of therapeutics. Although anatomically diverse, human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven cancers have a common etiology and similar mutations that overlap with but are distinct from those found in HPV-negative cancers. Building on prior studies that have characterized subsets of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC) cell lines separately, we performed genomic, viral gene expression, and viral integration analyses on 74 cell lines that include all readily-available HPV-positive (9 HNSCC, 8 CESC) and CESC (8 HPV-positive, 2 HPV-negative) cell lines and 55 HPV-negative HNSCC cell lines...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156742/prmda-personalized-recommendation-based-mirna-disease-association-prediction
#3
Zhu-Hong You, Luo-Pin Wang, Xing Chen, Shanwen Zhang, Xiao-Fang Li, Gui-Ying Yan, Zheng-Wei Li
Recently, researchers have been increasingly focusing on microRNAs (miRNAs) with accumulating evidence indicating that miRNAs serve as a vital role in various biological processes and dysfunctions of miRNAs are closely related with human complex diseases. Predicting potential associations between miRNAs and diseases is attached considerable significance in the domains of biology, medicine, and bioinformatics. In this study, we developed a computational model of Personalized Recommendation-based MiRNA-Disease Association prediction (PRMDA) to predict potential related miRNA for all diseases by implementing personalized recommendation-based algorithm based on integrated similarity for diseases and miRNAs...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156733/an-integrated-lncrna-microrna-and-mrna-signature-to-improve-prognosis-prediction-of-colorectal-cancer
#4
Yongfu Xiong, Rong Wang, Linglong Peng, Wenxian You, Jinlai Wei, Shouru Zhang, Xingye Wu, Jinbao Guo, Jun Xu, Zhenbing Lv, Zhongxue Fu
Although the outcome of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved significantly, prognosis evaluation still presents challenges due to the disease heterogeneity. Increasing evidences revealed the close correlation between aberrant expression of certain RNAs and the prognosis. We envisioned that combined multiple types of RNAs into a single classifier could improve postoperative risk classification and add prognostic value to the current stage system. Firstly, differentially expressed RNAs including mRNAs, miRNAs and lncRNAs were identified by two different algorithms...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156692/increased-transcriptional-and-metabolic-capacity-for-lipid-metabolism-in-the-peripheral-zone-of-the-prostate-may-underpin-its-increased-susceptibility-to-cancer
#5
Omar Al Kadhi, Maria H Traka, Antonietta Melchini, Perla Troncoso-Rey, Wiktor Jurkowski, Marianne Defernez, Purnima Pachori, Robert D Mills, Richard Y Ball, Richard F Mithen
The human prostate gland comprises three distinct anatomical glandular zones, namely the peripheral, central and transitional zones. Although prostate cancer can arise throughout the prostate, it is more frequent in the peripheral zone. In contrast, hyperplasia occurs most frequently in the transitional zone. In this paper, we test the hypothesis that peripheral and transitional zones have distinct metabolic adaptations that may underlie their different inherent predispositions to cancer and hyperplasia. In order to do this, we undertook RNA sequencing and high-throughput metabolic analyses of non-cancerous tissue from the peripheral and transitional zones of patients undergoing prostatectomy...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156653/dual-competing-photovoltaic-supply-chains-a-social-welfare-maximization-perspective
#6
Zhisong Chen, Shong-Iee Ivan Su
In the past decades, the inappropriate subsidy policies in many nations have caused problems such as serious oversupply, fierce competition and subpar social welfare in the photovoltaic (PV) industry in many nations. There is a clear shortage in the PV industry literature regarding how dual supply chains compete and the key decision issues regarding the competition between dual PV supply chains. It is critical to develop effective subsidy policies for the competing PV supply chains to achieve social welfare maximization...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156626/surface-plasmon-resonance-sensing-of-biorecognition-interactions-within-the-tumor-suppressor-p53-network
#7
REVIEW
Ilaria Moscetti, Salvatore Cannistraro, Anna Rita Bizzarri
Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) is a powerful technique to study the kinetics of biomolecules undergoing biorecognition processes, particularly suited for protein-protein interactions of biomedical interest. The potentiality of SPR was exploited to sense the interactions occurring within the network of the tumor suppressor p53, which is crucial for maintaining genome integrity and whose function is inactivated, mainly by down regulation or by mutation, in the majority of human tumors. This study includes p53 down-regulators, p53 mutants and also the p53 family members, p63 and p73, which could vicariate p53 protective function...
November 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156607/calcium-dependent-protein-kinases-in-phytohormone-signaling-pathways
#8
REVIEW
Wuwu Xu, Wenchao Huang
Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CPKs/CDPKs) are Ca(2+)-sensors that decode Ca(2+) signals into specific physiological responses. Research has reported that CDPKs constitute a large multigene family in various plant species, and play diverse roles in plant growth, development, and stress responses. Although numerous CDPKs have been exhaustively studied, and many of them have been found to be involved in plant hormone biosynthesis and response mechanisms, a comprehensive overview of the manner in which CDPKs participate in phytohormone signaling pathways, regulating nearly all aspects of plant growth, has not yet been undertaken...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156600/fabrication-of-semiconductor-zno-nanostructures-for-versatile-sers-application
#9
REVIEW
Lili Yang, Yong Yang, Yunfeng Ma, Shuai Li, Yuquan Wei, Zhengren Huang, Nguyen Viet Long
Since the initial discovery of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) in the 1970s, it has exhibited a huge potential application in many fields due to its outstanding advantages. Since the ultra-sensitive noble metallic nanostructures have increasingly exposed themselves as having some problems during application, semiconductors have been gradually exploited as one of the critical SERS substrate materials due to their distinctive advantages when compared with noble metals. ZnO is one of the most representative metallic oxide semiconductors with an abundant reserve, various and cost-effective fabrication techniques, as well as special physical and chemical properties...
November 19, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156581/an-enhanced-non-coherent-pre-filter-design-for-tracking-error-estimation-in-gnss-receivers
#10
Zhibin Luo, Jicheng Ding, Lin Zhao, Mouyan Wu
Tracking error estimation is of great importance in global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers. Any inaccurate estimation for tracking error will decrease the signal tracking ability of signal tracking loops and the accuracies of position fixing, velocity determination, and timing. Tracking error estimation can be done by traditional discriminator, or Kalman filter-based pre-filter. The pre-filter can be divided into two categories: coherent and non-coherent. This paper focuses on the performance improvements of non-coherent pre-filter...
November 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156576/stochastic-integration-h%C3%A2-filter-for-rapid-transfer-alignment-of-ins
#11
Dapeng Zhou, Lei Guo
The performance of an inertial navigation system (INS) operated on a moving base greatly depends on the accuracy of rapid transfer alignment (RTA). However, in practice, the coexistence of large initial attitude errors and uncertain observation noise statistics poses a great challenge for the estimation accuracy of misalignment angles. This study aims to develop a novel robust nonlinear filter, namely the stochastic integration H ∞ filter (SIH ∞ F) for improving both the accuracy and robustness of RTA. In this new nonlinear H ∞ filter, the stochastic spherical-radial integration rule is incorporated with the framework of the derivative-free H ∞ filter for the first time, and the resulting SIH ∞ F simultaneously attenuates the negative effect in estimations caused by significant nonlinearity and large uncertainty...
November 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156563/wnt-inhibitory-activity-of-malus-pumila-miller-cv-annurca-and-malus-domestica-cv-limoncella-apple-extracts-on-human-colon-rectal-cells-carrying-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-mutations
#12
Gennaro Riccio, Maria Maisto, Sara Bottone, Nadia Badolati, Giovanni Battista Rossi, Gian Carlo Tenore, Mariano Stornaiuolo, Ettore Novellino
Inhibitors of the Wingless-related Integration site (WNT)/β-catenin pathway have recently been under consideration as potential chemopreventive agents against Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). This autosomal-dominant syndrome is caused by germline mutations in the gene coding for the protein APC and leads to hyperactivation of the WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway, uncontrolled intestinal cell proliferation and formation of adenocarcinomas. The aim of the present work was to: (i) test, on in vitro cultures of cells carrying FAP mutations and on ex vivo biopsies of FAP patients, the WNT inhibitory activity of extracts from two common southern Italian apples, Malus pumila Miller cv...
November 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156560/system-modeling-of-a-mems-vibratory-gyroscope-and-integration-to-circuit-simulation
#13
Hyukjin J Kwon, Seyeong Seok, Geunbae Lim
Recently, consumer applications have dramatically created the demand for low-cost and compact gyroscopes. Therefore, on the basis of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology, many gyroscopes have been developed and successfully commercialized. A MEMS gyroscope consists of a MEMS device and an electrical circuit for self-oscillation and angular-rate detection. Since the MEMS device and circuit are interactively related, the entire system should be analyzed together to design or test the gyroscope. In this study, a MEMS vibratory gyroscope is analyzed based on the system dynamic modeling; thus, it can be mathematically expressed and integrated into a circuit simulator...
November 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156548/patient-provider-communication-and-counseling-about-gestational-weight-gain-and-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-latinas-pregnant-with-their-first-child
#14
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Marcia M Tavares Machado, Gabriela P De Andrade
Latina women in the United States (U.S.) are disproportionately affected by obesity and are more likely to begin pregnancy overweight and gain excessive weight during pregnancy. The prenatal care period represents a window of opportunity for women to access the healthcare system and receive preventive services, education, nutritional support, and other social services to improve pregnancy outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) has numerous negative short- and long-term consequences for both the mother and newborn...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156542/computational-approaches-for-integrative-analysis-of-the-metabolome-and-microbiome
#15
REVIEW
Jasmine Chong, Jianguo Xia
The study of the microbiome, the totality of all microbes inhabiting the host or an environmental niche, has experienced exponential growth over the past few years. The microbiome contributes functional genes and metabolites, and is an important factor for maintaining health. In this context, metabolomics is increasingly applied to complement sequencing-based approaches (marker genes or shotgun metagenomics) to enable resolution of microbiome-conferred functionalities associated with health. However, analyzing the resulting multi-omics data remains a significant challenge in current microbiome studies...
November 18, 2017: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156525/esomeprazole-ameliorates-ccl4-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-via-modulating-oxidative-stress-inflammatory-fibrogenic-and-apoptotic-markers
#16
Heba M Eltahir, Maiiada H Nazmy
BACKGROUND: Hepatic fibrosis is a major health problem that requires further medical attention. Proton pump inhibitors are proven to possess other therapeutic potentials apart of their acid anti-secretory actions. AIM OF THE WORK: To test possible anti-fibrotic effect of esomeprazole magnesium trihydrate in management of liver fibrosis compared to silymarin, the well-known hepatoprotective agent. MATERIALS & METHODS: 40 male albino rats were divided into 4 groups: normal control group; CCl4-treated group (1 mL/kg 40% CCl4, diluted in olive oil) I...
November 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156514/esophageal-baseline-impedance-reflects-mucosal-integrity-and-predicts-symptomatic-outcome-with-proton-pump-inhibitor-treatment
#17
Chenxi Xie, Daniel Sifrim, Yuwen Li, Minhu Chen, Yinglian Xiao
Background/Aims: Esophageal baseline impedance, which is decreased in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients, is related to the severity of acid reflux and the integrity of the esophageal mucosa. The study aims to compare the baseline impedance and the dilated intercellular spaces (DIS) within patients with typical reflux symptoms and to evaluate the correlation of baseline impedance with DIS, esophageal acid exposure, as well as the efficacy of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156513/production-and-characterization-of-keratinolytic-proteases-by-a-chicken-feather-degrading-thermophilic-strain-thermoactinomyces-sp-yt06
#18
Lin Wang, Yuting Qian, Yun Cao, Ying Huang, Zhizhou Chang, Hongying Huang
Thermoactinomyces sp. strain YT06 was isolated from poultry compost and observed to degrade integral chicken feathers at 60°C completely, resulting in the formation of 3.24 mg/mL of free amino acid from 50 mL of culture containing 10 g/L chicken feathers. Strain YT06 could grow and secret keratinase using feather as the only carbon and nitrogen sources without other supplement, but complementation of 10 g/L sucrose and 4 g/L NaNO₃ increased the production of the keratinolytic enzyme. The maximum protease activities obtained were 110 U/mL and keratinase were 42 U/mL...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156504/clinical-risk-reclassification-at-10%C3%A2-years
#19
Nancy R Cook, Olga V Demler, Nina P Paynter
Three papers in this issue focus on the role of calibration in model fit statistics, including the net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). This commentary reviews the development of such reclassification statistics along with more recent advances in our understanding of these measures. We show how the two-category NRI and the IDI are affected by changes in the event rate in theory and in an applied example. We also describe the role of calibration and how it may be assessed...
December 10, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156501/event-rate-net-reclassification-index-and-the-integrated-discrimination-improvement-for-studying-incremental-value-of-risk-markers
#20
Maarten van Smeden, Karel G M Moons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
keyword
keyword
5324
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"