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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633709/primary-pulmonary-actinomycosis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-145-cases-in-mainland-china
#1
M Zhang, X-Y Zhang, Y-B Chen
OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding of pulmonary actinomycosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 145 cases in mainland China was conducted. RESULTS: The male:female ratio was 2.7:1. Mean age at diagnosis was 48 years (± 12). Main symptoms were cough (87.6%), expectoration (40%), blood-stained sputum (37.2%), fever (26.9%), chest pain (24.8%) and haemoptysis (16.6%). Eighty-eight (60.7%) patients had no underlying disease. Only five patients received a correct initial diagnosis; 60 patients were misdiagnosed with lung cancer, followed by pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and lung abscess...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630831/unusual-presentation-of-mycetoma-of-the-foot-a-rare-case-report
#2
Amit Grover, Prashanth Nagaraj, Vinay M Joseph, Daksh Gadi
INTRODUCTION: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection. It is caused by actinomycetes or fungi. It is common in tropical countries and males. Predisposing conditions include malnutrition, poor hygiene, history of trauma, wounds on barefeet, and systemic infections. Eumycotic mycetoma commonly involves lower extremities whereas actinomycosis affects the cervicofacial, thoracic, and abdominal regions. Mycetoma presents with a chronic indurated ulcerated plague with swelling and yellowish discharge of sulfur granules...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625067/colonic-obstruction-secondary-to-actinomyces
#3
Manuel Alfonso Jiménez Moreno, Isabel Sánchez Pedrique, Estíbaliz Obregón Martínez
Actinomycosis is an uncommon granulomatous infection by Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria of the genus Actinomyces. A. israelii is a major human pathogen. The most frequent locations for colonization are cervicofacial (50%), abdominal (20%) and thoracic (15-20%). The abdominal actinomycosis predisposing factors include recent surgery, trauma and neoplasias. Certain cases have been associated with the intrauterine contraception device (IUD).
June 19, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599808/endobronchial-actinomycosis-associated-with-an-inorganic-foreign-body
#4
Cristina Benito Bernáldez, Estefanía Luque Crespo, Virginia Almadana Pacheco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593780/-complications-tension-free-vaginal-tape-surgery
#5
P Piškytlová
OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive overview of the potential complications associated with vaginal tape operations, which are commonly used in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oblastní nemocnice Kolín, a.s. METHODS: Using medical databases were searched articles dealing with complications tension-free vaginal tape procedures. In individual cases, complications were observed their causes and solutions...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590243/detection-of-actinomyces-spp-in-cervical-exudates-from-women-with-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-or-cervical-cancer
#6
Alejandra García-García, Jaime Coronel-Martínez, David Cantú-de Leon, María Del Socorro Romero-Figueroa, Yolanda Elizabeth Caballero-Pantoja, Gauddy Lizeth Manzanares-Leal, Miguel Rodriguez-Morales, Horacio Sandoval-Trujillo, Ninfa Ramírez-Durán
PURPOSE: Under certain circumstances, Actinomyces behaves as an opportunistic microorganism and can cause actinomycosis, a chronic and inflammatory granulomatous infection. The purpose of this project was to detect the presence of Actinomyces in cervical exudates from women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and women with cervical cancer. METHODOLOGY: Cervical samples from 92 women were divided into three groups: CIN, cervical cancer and healthy women...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589113/chondroradionecrosis-of-the-larynx-in-a-patient-with-laryngeal-a-case-report
#7
Aslan Ahmadi, Mohammad Mahdi Salem, Mahdi Safdarian, Shahriar Ilkhani, Roghaieh Hamidian, Mostafa Cheraghipour, Ali Daneshvar, Farzad Izadi
INTRODUCTION: Actinomycosis of the larynx has been rarely reported in the literature and usually occurs in patients with a history of laryngeal carcinoma and radiation therapy. However, its co-existence with chondroradionecrosis due to radiotherapy is even rarer. The most common site of infection is the cervicofacial region, especially in the submandibular area. CASE REPORT: Here we report a 63-year-old male with a history of chemoradiotherapy because of laryngeal cancer 1 year earlier who presented with laryngeal actinomycosis...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536687/abdominal-and-pelvic-actinomycosis-due-to-longstanding-intrauterine-device-a-slow-and-devastating-infection
#8
Evelyn Sue Nakahira, Linda Ferreira Maximiano, Fabiana Roberto Lima, Edson Yassushi Ussami
Actinomycosis is a chronic or subacute bacterial infection characterized by large abscess formation, caused mainly by the gram-positive non-acid-fast, anaerobic, or microaerophilic/capnophilic, obligate parasites bacteria from the Actinomyces genus. Although pelvic inflammatory disease is an entity associated with the longstanding use of intrauterine devices (IUDs), actinomycosis is not one of the most frequent infections associated with IUDs. We present the case of a 43-year-old female patient who was referred to the emergency facility because of a 20-day history of abdominal pain with signs of peritoneal irritation...
January 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536234/actinomycosis-presenting-as-an-anterior-abdominal-mass-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#9
Zainab Alhumoud, Amro Salem
Abdominal actinomycosis is a rare disease caused by different anaerobic Actinomyces species. We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with a painless, slow growing, left upper abdominal mass that developed after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A CT scan and MRI of the abdomen revealed a desmoid tumour of the left rectus abdominis muscle.Surgical excision was performed with an uneventful postoperative course. The histological analysis of the specimen was inconsistent with a desmoid tumour and revealed an infection of Actinomyces israelii in the anterior abdominal wall that was confirmed with a microbiology culture...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531869/a-rare-case-of-subacute-appendicitis-actinomycosis-as-the-final-pathology-reports-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
G A Gómez-Torres, O S Ortega-Gárcia, E G Gutierrez-López, C A Carballido-Murguía, J A Flores-Rios, C R López-Lizarraga, C A Bautista López, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for an emergency abdominal surgery in the world, with a lifetime incidence of around 10%. Actinomycetes are the etiology of appendicitis in only 0.02%-0.06%, having as the final pathology report a chronic inflammatory response; less than 10% of the cases are diagnosed before surgery. Here, we present the case of a subacute appendicitis secondary to actinomycosis. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old male presented with a twelve-day evolution of intermittent abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant, treated at the beginning with ciprofloxacin and urinary analgesic...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504503/-cervicofacial-actinomycosis-as-differential-diagnosis-of-cavum-carcinoma-case-report
#11
Eliana T Anteliz García, Carolina M Carballo, Samanta Estévez, Sofía Diana, Arturo de Mena, Gabriela Manonelles, Claudia I Cazes, Eduardo L López
Paediatric actinomycosis is an infrequent infectious disease caused by Actinomyces spp. Cervicofacial infections are usually related to disruption in oral mucosal membranes. We discuss the case of a 15-year-old girl who refers an 8-month history of odynophagia and changes in her tone of voice after getting a tongue piercing. She received multiple antibiotic treatments with slight improvement. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma was diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy. The patient was referred to our Hospital for treatment but, when the biopsy was analyzed again, oncological pathology was excluded and oropharyngeal actinomycosis was diagnosed...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473686/pulmonary-actinomycosis-masquerading-as-aspergilloma
#12
Z Rosdina, M E Nurul Yaqeen, M Hanafiah, B Nor Salmah
We report a case of a 34-year-old man who was initially treated as community acquired pneumonia following a three-month-history of productive cough, loss of weight and loss of appetite. However, three months after discharged from the hospital, he presented again with worsening respiratory symptoms and radiological evidence of a lung cavitation with intracavitary lesion resembling an aspergilloma associated with surrounding consolidation. Unfortunately, he remained symptomatic despite on antifungal therapy. The repeat computed-tomography demonstrated persistent cavitating lesion with development of necrotising pneumonia...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469723/pulmonary-actinomycosis-mimicking-lung-cancer-on-positron-emission-tomography
#13
Hayoung Choi, Hyun Lee, Suk Hyeon Jeong, Sang-Won Um, O Jung Kown, Hojoong Kim
Pulmonary actinomycosis frequently mimics lung malignancy on radiologic imaging studies. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is a useful diagnostic modality for differentiating lung malignancy from benign diseases. However, few studies evaluated PET-CT findings of pulmonary actinomycosis. Therefore, it is unclear whether PET-CT is helpful to distinguish lung malignancy from benign lung disease when pulmonary actinomycosis is clinically suspected. We investigated PET-CT findings in 11 patients with pathologically confirmed pulmonary actinomycosis...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468217/cervicofacial-primary-cutaneous-actinomycosis-surgical-treatment-for-complete-remission-of-the-disease
#14
Yeon Jin Jeong, Hyo Wan Suh, Hyung-Sup Shim
Actinomycosis, an infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species, is very rare and is characterized by contiguous spreading, subacute to chronic granulomatous inflammation and the formation of multiple abscesses and sinus tracts that may discharge sulfur granules. Actinomycosis that presents on the skin without endogenous origin is called primary cutaneous actinomycosis, and the occurrence and treatment of primary cutaneous actinomycosis is rarely reported. This report describes the treatment of primary cervicofacial actinomycosis with a literature review, and emphasizes the importance of surgical option for complete remission of the disease...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462153/primary-actinomycosis-in-the-breast-caused-by-actinomyces-neuii-a-report-of-2-cases
#15
B S Leenstra, C C M Schaap, M Bessems, N H M Renders, K Bosscha
Actinomycosis is a slowly progressive infection caused by anaerobic bacteria, primarily from the genus Actinomyces. Primary actinomycosis of the breast is rare and presents as a mass like density which can mimic malignancy. Mammography, ultrasonography and histopathologic examination is required for diagnosis. Treatment should consist of high doses of antibacterials for a prolonged period of time and possibly surgical drainage. Primary actinomycosis infections are commonly caused by A. israelii. Actinomyces neuii is a less common cause of classical actinomycosis...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462080/a-case-of-pulmonary-actinomycosis-diagnosed-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#16
Saya Nakamura, Masaaki Kusunose, Akira Satou, Kazuyoshi Senda, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Koichi Nishimura
A previously healthy 73-year-old man was hospitalized with left complicated effusion and a consolidation in the left upper lung. He underwent a chest tube insertion and was treated with clindamycin but the consolidation remained after the treatment. We subsequently performed flexible bronchoscopy but it was impossible to make a diagnosis. Three months later, the consolidation had worsened so we performed another bronchoscopy. Finally, we were able to diagnose the consolidation as pulmonary actinomycosis, and to treat the condition appropriately...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426126/actinomyces-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Sarah M Estrada, Everett F Magann, Peter G Napolitano
Importance: Actinomyces is commonly found in many areas of the body where it derives a benefit without harming the host. When it does infect the host during pregnancy, is that infection a threat to the obstetric patient and does that infection cause adverse pregnancy outcomes? Objective: The aim of this study was to review what is known about Actinomyces infections and the impact of an Actinomyces infection on pregnancy outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: A PubMed search was undertaken with the search years unlimited to April 1, 2016, and restricted to articles in English...
April 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420932/sporadic-actinomycosis-of-the-hip-complicated-by-central-nervous-system-infection
#18
Mohammad Aamer Saleem, Zain Ul Abideen, Iram Shakir Kiani, Anum Yousaf, Amna Rasheed, Raja Wajid Shabbir
Actinomycosis is caused by the Gram positive filamentous Actinomyces bacterial species that are normal commensals of the oral cavity. Due to their low virulence, disease is rare in the immune competent patient. Although it may afflict any system in the body, involvement of the musculoskeletal system is uncommon. Here in, we describe the case of a 60 year old lady presenting with low grade fever, left hip pain and drowsiness. She was diagnosed as left hip actinomycosis on Computed tomogram (CT) guided biopsy and histopathological analysis of infiltrative lesions identified on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407707/destruction-of-the-c2-body-due-to-cervical-actinomycosis-connection-between-spinal-epidural-abscess-and-retropharyngeal-abscess
#19
Dong Min Kim, Seok Won Kim
Human actinomycosis with involvement of the spine is a rare condition, with only a limited number of case reports published. To the best of our knowledge, no cases have been reported of epidural abscess causing destruction of the C2 body, bringing about a direct connection between spinal epidural and retropharyngeal abscesses. Here, we present such a case that occurred after acupuncture, and we review the relevant literature.
March 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397653/-genital-actinomycosis-and-pelvic-abscesses-in-a-woman-with-a-13-year-old-intrauterine-device
#20
Anne Bank Boisen, Eva Bjerre Ostenfeldt, Lise Tornvig Erikstrup, Bjørn Bay
A 55-year-old woman who had had the same intrauterine device (IUD) for 13 years was referred to the gynaecology outpatient clinic due to constitutional symptoms, abdominal pain and vaginal discharge. Diagnostic imaging showed multiple pelvic abscesses, and severe chronic endometritis with Actinomyces was found in an endometrial biopsy. The patient underwent surgical drainage of the accessible abscesses and started long-term antibiotic treatment. This case report illustrates that actinomycosis is an important differential diagnosis in symptomatic women with IUD and suspected gynaecologic malignancy...
March 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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