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Somatic experiencing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667212/breathlessness-amplifies-amygdala-responses-during-affective-processing
#1
M Cornelia Stoeckel, Roland W Esser, Matthias Gamer, Andreas von Leupoldt
Breathlessness is an aversive symptom in many prevalent somatic and psychiatric diseases and is usually experienced as highly threatening. It is strongly associated with negative affect, but the underlying neural processes remain poorly understood. Therefore, using fMRI, the present study examined the effects of breathlessness on the neural processing of affective visual stimuli within candidate brain areas including the amygdala, insula, and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). During scanning, 42 healthy volunteers, mean (SD) age: 29...
April 17, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666114/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-mantle-cell-lymphoma-crossroads-of-genetic-and-microenvironment-interactions
#2
Xose S Puente, Pedro Jares, Elias Campo
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are two well defined entities that diverge in their basic pathogenic mechanisms and clinical evolution but they share epidemiological characteristics, cells of origin, molecular alterations, and clinical features that differ from other lymphoid neoplasms. CLL and MCL are classically considered indolent and aggressive neoplasms, respectively. However, the clinical evolution of both tumors is very heterogeneous, with subsets of patients having a stable disease for long time whereas others require immediate intervention...
April 17, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659607/phenotypic-plasticity-of-pre-adult-egg-maturation-in-a-parasitoid-effects-of-host-starvation-and-brood-size
#3
Yael Keinan, Rachel Braun, Tamar Keasar
Larvae of parasitoid wasps develop on a single arthropod host, and often face resource limitation that induces a tradeoff between egg maturation and somatic growth. Part of the variation in the growth-reproduction allocation was shown to be heritable, but how the larval developmental environment affects this allocation is not well-known. Detection of life history tradeoffs is often facilitated under stress conditions. We therefore exposed developing female larvae of the polyembryonic parasitoid Copidosoma koehleri (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) to laboratory manipulations aimed to restrict host resources (either host-starvation or high larval density)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628283/weathering-the-storm-a-review-of-pre-pregnancy-stress-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion
#4
REVIEW
Tyralynn Frazier, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Elizabeth A Bonney, Kathryn M Yount, Brad D Pearce
The Weathering Effect is a theory that links stress exposure, over the life-course, with racial disparities in reproductive outcomes, through the effects of social adversity on a woman's body. The concept of maternal "weathering" captures cumulative somatic and psychological adversities that can exacerbate the effects of aging. Much of the evidence for weathering comes from observational studies linking self-report measures with reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this review is to explore biological mechanisms that underlie these observations...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611781/stars-experiential-group-intervention-a-complex-trauma-treatment-approach-for-survivors-of-human-trafficking
#5
Elizabeth K Hopper, Naomi Azar, Sriya Bhattacharyya, Dominique A Malebranche, Kelsey E Brennan
This is the abstract that was submitted online with the paper: Despite the fact that many survivors of human trafficking have experienced complex trauma, there are no established interventions designed to specifically address these impacts. Leaders in the field of complex trauma have advocated for the need for somatic approaches to intervention. This paper presents STARS Experiential Group treatment, the first structured bodybased group intervention that has been designed to address complex trauma in survivors of human trafficking...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607023/incubation-temperature-impacts-nestling-growth-and-survival-in-an-open-cup-nesting-passerine
#6
Emilie A Ospina, Loren Merrill, Thomas J Benson
For oviparous species such as birds, conditions experienced while in the egg can have long-lasting effects on the individual. The impact of subtle changes in incubation temperature on nestling development, however, remains poorly understood, especially for open-cup nesting species with altricial young. To investigate how incubation temperature affects nestling development and survival in such species, we artificially incubated American robin ( Turdus migratorius ) eggs at 36.1°C ("Low" treatment) and 37...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606595/-informative-predation-towards-a-new-species-concept
#7
Philippe Lherminier
We distinguish two types of predations: the predation of matter-energy equals the food chain, and the informative predation is the capture of the information brought by the sexual partners. The cell or parent consumes energy and matter to grow, multiply and produce offspring. A fixed amount of resources is divided by the number of organisms, so individual growth and numerical multiplication are limited by depletion resources of the environment. Inversely, fertilization does not destroy information, but instead produces news...
March 29, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605332/use-of-a-culture-independent-on-farm-algorithm-to-guide-the-use-of-selective-dry-cow-antibiotic-therapy
#8
A K Vasquez, D V Nydam, C Foditsch, M Wieland, R Lynch, S Eicker, P D Virkler
An algorithm using only computer-based records to guide selective dry-cow therapy was evaluated at a New York State dairy farm via a randomized field trial. DairyComp 305 (Valley Ag Software, Tulare, CA) and Dairy Herd Improvement Association test-day data were used to identify cows as low risk (cows that might not benefit from dry-cow antibiotics) or high risk (cows that will likely benefit). Low-risk cows were those that had all of the following: somatic cell count (SCC) ≤200,000 cells/mL at last test, an average SCC ≤200,000 cells/mL over the last 3 tests, no signs of clinical mastitis at dry-off, and no more than 1 clinical mastitis event in the current lactation...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602769/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-germline-mutation-in-tp53-and-atrx-in-a-child-with-ge-nomically-aberrant-at-rt-and-her-mother-with-anaplastic-astrocytoma
#9
Kristiina Nordfors, Joonas Haapasalo, Ebrahim Afyounian, Joonas Tuominen, Matti Annala, Sergei Hayrynen, Ritva Karhu, Pauli Helen, Olli Lohi, Matti Nykter, Hannu Haapasalo, Kirsi Granberg
Brain tumors typically arise sporadically and do not affect several family members simultaneously. In the present study, we describe clinical and genetic data from two patients, a mother and her daughter, with familial brain tumors. Exome sequencing revealed a germline missense mutation in the TP53 and ATRX genes in both cases, and a somatic copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in TP53 in both atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) and astrocytoma tumors. ATRX mutation was associated with the loss of ATRX protein expression...
March 30, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599874/validation-and-reliability-of-the-korean-version-of-the-sport-anxiety-scale-2
#10
Seongkwan Cho, Hunhyuk Choi, Robert C Eklund, Insu Paek
The main purpose of the present study was to examine the validation and reliability of the Korean version of the Sport Anxiety Scale (SAS-2Kr) by evaluating its factorial invariance across gender. A total of 303 Korean collegiate athletes (198 males and 105 females) from 9 sports participated in the study, and they completed the demographic questionnaire and the SAS-2Kr containing 15 items to measure multidimensional trait anxiety and individual differences in the cognitive and somatic anxiety experienced by athletes...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571680/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-behavioral-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#11
Elisabete P Silva, Andrea Lemos, Carlos H S Andrade, Ana B Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of intimate partner violence during the gestational period and the development of externalizing and internalizing behavioral problems in children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A meta-analysis of cohort and case-control studies was performed, using studies selected from electronic databases. Eligible studies included women who experienced intimate partner violence during pregnancy and their children's behavioral problems...
March 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549067/treatment-activity-user-satisfaction-and-experienced-usability-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adults-with-depression-and-anxiety-after-a-myocardial-infarction-mixed-methods-study
#12
Emma Wallin, Fredrika Norlund, Erik Martin Gustaf Olsson, Gunilla Burell, Claes Held, Tommy Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about user experiences may lead to insights about how to improve treatment activity in Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety among people with a somatic disease. There is a need for studies conducted alongside randomized trials, to explore treatment activity and user experiences related to such interventions, especially among people with older age who are recruited in routine care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore treatment activity, user satisfaction, and usability experiences among patients allocated to treatment in the U-CARE Heart study, a randomized clinical trial of an iCBT intervention for treatment of depression and anxiety following a recent myocardial infarction...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547158/clinical-characterization-of-neck-pain-in-migraine
#13
Sunil Pradhan, Surjyaprakash S Choudhury
Introduction: Several extracranial symptoms, including somatic pain syndormes, are known to occur in migraine. Though neck pain has been occasionally described with migraine, its precise association and nature is not yet clear. Objective: To study the incidence and characteristics of neck pain in migraine with particular emphasis on its occurrence as a trigger or a part of the symptom complex of migraine, as well as its association with different phases of the migraine attack...
March 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546268/pharmacological-inhibition-of-arachidonate-15-lipoxygenase-alox15-protects-human-spermatozoa-against-oxidative-stress
#14
Jessica L H Walters, Geoffry N De Iuliis, Matthew D Dun, Robert John Aitken, Eileen A McLaughlin, Brett Nixon, Elizabeth G Bromfield
One of the leading causes of male infertility is defective sperm function, a pathology that commonly arises from oxidative stress in the germline. Lipid peroxidation events in the sperm plasma membrane result in the generation of cytotoxic aldehydes such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4HNE), which accentuate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cause cellular damage. One of the key enzymes involved in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids to 4HNE in somatic cells is arachidonate 15-lipoxygenase (ALOX15)...
March 13, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537091/the-lionfish-pterois-sp-invasion-has-the-worst-case-scenario-come-to-pass
#15
I M Côté, N S Smith
This review revisits the traits thought to have contributed to the success of Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois sp. as an invader in the western Atlantic Ocean and the worst-case scenario about their potential ecological effects in light of the more than 150 studies conducted in the past 5 years. Fast somatic growth, resistance to parasites, effective anti-predator defences and an ability to circumvent predator recognition mechanisms by prey have probably contributed to rapid population increases of lionfish in the invaded range...
March 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535648/somatic-experiencing-%C3%A2-informed-therapeutic-group-for-the-care-and-treatment-of-biopsychosocial-effects-upon-a-gender-diverse-identity
#16
Paul C Briggs, Sage Hayes, Michael Changaris
Background: Somatic Experiencing® (SE™) is a resiliency-based treatment for autonomic nervous systems dysregulation syndromes, such as posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and physical syndromes like chronic pain, migraines, and fibromyalgia. "Transgender/gender non-conforming/gender variant" describes people whose gender identity/expression is different, at least part of the time, from the sex assigned at birth. Research indicates transgender individuals have a higher incidence of depression, anxiety, victimization, and discrimination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532465/voluntary-stopping-eating-and-drinking
#17
John W Wax, Amy W An, Nicole Kosier, Timothy E Quill
Voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is a deliberate, self-initiated attempt to hasten death in the setting of suffering refractory to optimal palliative interventions or prolonged dying that a person finds intolerable. Individuals who consider VSED tend to be older, have a serious but not always imminently terminal illness, place a high value on independence, and have significant illness burden. VSED can theoretically be performed independent of clinician assistance and therefore avoids many of the ethical and legal concerns associated with physician-assisted dying or other palliative measures of last resort, However, VSED is an intense process fraught with new sources of somatic and emotional suffering for individuals and their caregivers, so VSED is best supervised by an experienced, well-informed clinician who can provide appropriate pre-intervention assessment, anticipatory guidance, medical treatment of symptoms, and emotional support...
March 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532178/use-of-psychophysiological-portable-devices-to-analyse-stress-response-in-different-experienced-soldiers
#18
J F Tornero-Aguilera, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
Previous studies have shown that actuate stress have a negative effect on working memory, visio-spatial ability and symptoms of disassociation. We conducted the present research with the aim of to analyse the effect of experience and training in psychophysiological response, attention and memory of soldiers in combat. Variables of blood lactate, blood glucose, blood oxygen saturation, body temperature, heart rate, lower body muscular strength manifestation, autonomic modulation, cortical arousal, cognitive and somatic anxiety, and memory by a post mission questionnaire were analysed before and after a combat simulation in 49 soldiers of Spanish Army...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521810/task-interference-and-distraction-efficacy-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-an-experimental-investigation
#19
Dimitri M L Van Ryckeghem, Silke Rost, Ama Kissi, Claus Vögele, Geert Crombez
Pain has the capacity to interfere with daily tasks. Although task interference by pain is largely unintentional, it can be controlled to a certain extent. Such top-down control over pain has been thought to be reduced in fibromyalgia patients. In this study, we investigated task interference and distraction efficacy in fibromyalgia patients (FM) and a matched healthy control group. Forty-nine fibromyalgia patients and 49 heathy volunteers performed as quickly as possible (a) a visual localization task in the presence of non-painful vibrating or painful electric somatic stimuli, and (b) a somatosensory localization task (using non-painful or painful stimuli)...
March 6, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519640/emotional-orienting-during-interoceptive-threat-in-orthostatic-intolerance-dysautonomic-contributions-to-psychological-symptomatology-in-the-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-and-vasovagal-syncope
#20
Andrew P Owens, David A Low, Hugo D Critchley, Christopher J Mathias
Cognitive and emotional processes are influenced by interoception (homeostatic somatic feedback), particularly when physiological arousal is unexpected and discrepancies between predicted and experienced interoceptive signals may engender anxiety. Due to the vulnerability for comorbid psychological symptoms in forms of orthostatic intolerance (OI), this study investigated psychophysiological contributions to emotional symptomatology in 20 healthy control participants (13 females, mean age 36 ± 8 years), 20 postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS) patients (18 females, mean age 38 ± 13 years) and 20 vasovagal syncope (VVS) patients (15 females, mean age 39 ± 12 years)...
January 31, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
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