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Somatic experiencing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910097/chronic-migraine-an-update-on-physiology-imaging-and-the-mechanism-of-action-of-two-available-pharmacologic-therapies
#1
Sheena K Aurora, Mitchell F Brin
Several lines of research support the hypothesis that migraine is a spectrum of illness, with clinical symptoms that vary along a continuum from episodic migraine to chronic migraine. Physiologic changes may result in episodic migraine evolving into chronic migraine over months to years in susceptible individuals. With chronification, headache frequency increases, becoming more disabling and less responsive to therapy. Neurophysiologic and functional imaging research has reported that chronic migraine may be associated with severity-specific metabolic, functional, and structural abnormalities in the brainstem...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896534/reactions-and-strategies-of-german-catholic-priests-to-cope-with-phases-of-spiritual-dryness
#2
Arndt Büssing, Jochen Sautermeister, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
We investigated strategies of 763 Catholic priests (response rate 36%) to deal with phases of spiritual dryness, specifically their reactions toward these feelings, and which strategies were used. Most priests have found strategies to cope with feelings of spiritual dryness. Those who have managed to overcome these phases were stimulated "all the more to help others" and experienced "deeper spiritual clarity and depth." Whatever strategy was chosen (we differentiated eight strategies in various combinations), there were no significant differences for priests' self-efficacy expectation, transcendence perception or life satisfaction...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878386/associated-symptoms-of-depression-patterns-of-change-during-pregnancy
#3
Rita T Amiel Castro, Claudia Pinard Anderman, Vivette Glover, Thomas G O'Connor, Ulrike Ehlert, Martin Kammerer
Little is known about the natural course of depressive symptoms and associated features throughout pregnancy. We examined the course of some psychological and somatic symptoms in each month of pregnancy in a normative sample. A consecutive, unselected sample of women (N = 374) were interviewed retrospectively at 6 weeks postpartum with the Structured Clinical Interview (DSM-IV). Women were asked whether they had experienced each symptom at any time during pregnancy and the occurrence of the symptom for each month of pregnancy...
November 22, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876737/-the-occupational-risk-of-hearing-impairment-associated-with-cardiovascular-pathologies-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-noisy-industries
#4
V B Pankova, E A Preobrazhenskaya, I N Fedina
The objective of the present study was to analyze the structure of concomitant somatic pathology in the subjects experiencing the occupational hearing problems. The study demonstrated the increase in the frequency of concomitant chronic diseases and the prevalence of polynosological conditions with the increasing severity of hearing impairment. It was shown that cardiovascular pathologies tend to enhance the risk of hearing loss in the employees engaged in «noisy» occupations. The cause-and-effect relationships were elucidated as the contribution of the "vascular" factor to the formation of occupational pathology of the organs of hearing...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845596/how-can-the-general-practitioner-support-adolescent-children-of-ill-or-substance-abusing-parents-a-qualitative-study-among-adolescents
#5
Frøydis Gullbrå, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Guri Rortveit, Marit Hafting
OBJECTIVES: To explore significant experiences of adolescents as next of kin that the general practitioner (GP) should identify and recognize. DESIGN: Qualitative study with focus-group interviews. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Three focus-group interviews were conducted with a total of 15 Norwegian adolescents each with an ill or substance-abusing parent. The participants were recruited from existing support groups. RESULTS: The adolescents' days were dominated by unpredictability in their family situation and their own exhausting efforts to keep up an ordinary youth life...
November 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834162/longitudinal-associations-between-late-life-depression-dimensions-and-cognitive-functioning-a-cross-domain-latent-growth-curve-analysis
#6
A Brailean, M J Aartsen, G Muniz-Terrera, M Prince, A M Prina, H C Comijs, M Huisman, A Beekman
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment and depression often co-occur in older adults, but it is not clear whether depression is a risk factor for cognitive decline, a psychological reaction to cognitive decline, or whether changes in depressive symptoms correlate with changes in cognitive performance over time. The co-morbid manifestation of depression and cognitive impairment may reflect either a causal effect or a common cause, depending on the specific symptoms experienced and the cognitive functions affected...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832165/consumer-perception-of-inpatient-medical-services
#7
Satoko Izugami, Kozo Takase
Although it is currently popular to reflect consumers' perspectives to medical service management, insufficient attempts have been made to understand detailed perception of the consumer side of medical services to promote medical services' evaluation from the consumer viewpoint. The aim of this study was to descriptively reveal how consumers perceive medical services that they receive, focusing on inpatient medical services. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 adults who experienced hospitalization of five or more days...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829870/the-intrasubjectivity-of-self-voices-and-delusions-a-phenomenological-analysis
#8
Cherise Rosen, Nev Jones, Kayla A Chase, Hannah Gin, Linda S Grossman, Rajiv P Sharma
To advance the area of phenomenology of voices and their interrelatedness to forms of delusions this study investigated the prevalence and interrelatedness of co-occurring auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and delusions. Additionally we explored the characterization of distinct sub-categories/clusters of AVHs and delusions. Ninety-two participants experiencing psychosis were administered standardized clinical measures. We found a significant diagnostic difference with increased prevalence of co-occurring AVHs and delusions within the schizophrenia group compared to the bipolar with psychosis group...
2016: Psychosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829406/nightmare-frequency-in-last-trimester-of-pregnancy
#9
Michael Schredl, Maria Gilles, Isabell Wolf, Verena Peus, Barbara Scharnholz, Marc Sütterlin, Michael Deuschle
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related dreams are often found in pregnant women but also the number of negatively toned dreams seems to be increased in this challenging phase of a woman's life. METHODS: Nightmare frequency and subjectively experienced stress was elicited via questionnaires. The mothers-to-be were approached during their application visit about 4-8 weeks prior to delivery in three obstetric hospitals. The present analysis included 406 women aged 16-40 years in the last trimester of their pregnancy...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822978/history-of-violence-and-subjective-health-of-mother-and-child
#10
Margret O Tomasdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Amalia Bjornsdottir, Linn Getz, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Olof A Olafsdottir, Johann A Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child's health. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: In 2011, a total of 657 women participated in phase III of the Childbirth and Health Cohort Study in Icelandic Primary Health Care, 18 to 24 months after delivery. The women had previously participated in phase I around pregnancy week 16 and phase II 5-6 months after delivery...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820980/can-improvised-somatic-dance-reduce-acute-pain-for-young-people-in-hospital
#11
Lisa Dowler
Aim This study explores the effects of improvised somatic dance (ISD) on children and young people experiencing acute pain following orthopaedic or cardiac surgery, or post-acquired brain injury. Methods The study involved 25 children and young people and adopted a mixed methods approach. This included a descriptive qualitative approach to help the participants and witnesses verbalise their experience of ISD, and pain scores were assessed before and after ISD using validated pain assessment tools. Data were analysed using descriptive statistical analysis...
November 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812714/deep-brain-stimulation-for-treatment-refractory-depression
#12
Puneet Narang, Amber Retzlaff, Kanwarjeet Brar, Steven Lippmann
Depression has a high lifetime prevalence and recurrence rate, with more than one-third of affected patients experiencing treatment-refractory depression. These individuals should benefit from additional treatment options such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), a research-grade intervention. DBS is being investigated for its efficacy in treatment-refractory cases. We reviewed the English-language literature published between the years 2010 and 2015 regarding the utility of DBS for patients with treatment-refractory depression...
November 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812066/life-stress-and-somatic-symptoms-among-adolescents-gender-as-moderator
#13
Tasnim Rehna, Rubina Hanif, Sana Zahra Ali
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of life stress on somatic symptoms of adolescents and to explore the moderating role of gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2014 at secondary schools located in Islamabad, Pakistan. Data was collected by administering self-reported measures on a sample of adolescents including both males and females. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 663 participants, 228(34...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801404/-the-application-of-the-biological-feedback-technique-for-the-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-somatic-diseases
#14
T A Aivazyan, V P Zaitsev
: The objective of the present work was to study the influence of the application of the biological feedback (BFB) technique on the dynamics of the psychological and clinical status of the patients presenting with various chronic somatic diseases (CSD) and to identify the predictors of the effectiveness of the treatment by this method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 337 patients suffering from CSD who were interviewed with the use of the concise standardized multifactorial personality inventory (SMPI), the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Beck depression inventory (BDI) scales...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799928/evaluation-of-the-antigen-experienced-b-cell-receptor-repertoire-in-healthy-children-and-adults
#15
Hanna IJspeert, Pauline A van Schouwenburg, David van Zessen, Ingrid Pico-Knijnenburg, Gertjan J Driessen, Andrew P Stubbs, Mirjam van der Burg
Upon antigen recognition via their B cell receptor (BR), B cells migrate to the germinal center where they undergo somatic hypermutation (SHM) to increase their affinity for the antigen, and class switch recombination (CSR) to change the effector function of the secreted antibodies. These steps are essential to create an antigen-experienced BR repertoire that efficiently protects the body against pathogens. At the same time, the BR repertoire should be selected to protect against responses to self-antigen or harmless antigens...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796078/withdrawal-from-chronic-nicotine-exposure-produces-region-specific-tolerance-to-alcohol-stimulated-glua1-phosphorylation
#16
M Adrienne McGinn, Rod I Paulsen, Christy A Itoga, Muhammad A Farooq, Jonathan E Reppel, Kimberly N Edwards, Annie M Whitaker, Nicholas W Gilpin, Scott Edwards
BACKGROUND: Nicotine use increases alcohol drinking, suggesting that the combination of these drugs may produce synergistic effects in activating reward circuitry. Alternatively, use of either of these drugs may facilitate the development of cross-tolerance to the other to promote intake escalation. METHODS: In this study, adult male Wistar rats were chronically exposed to room air or chronic, intermittent nicotine vapor, which has been shown to produce symptoms of nicotine dependence as evidenced by elevated nicotine self-administration and a host of somatic and motivational withdrawal symptoms...
December 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766062/de-novo-mutation-and-somatic-mosaicism-of-gene-mutation-in-type-2a-2b-and-2m-vwd
#17
Ming-Ching Shen, Ming Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Shun-Ping Chang, Ching-Yeh Lin, Bo-Do Lin, Han-Ni Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is not uncommon in Taiwan. In type 2 or type 3 VWD hemorrhagic symptoms are severer and laboratory data relatively more distinctive. De novo mutation and somatic mosaicism of type 2 VWD gene were rarely reported. Therefore clinical, laboratory and genetic studies of only type 2A, 2B and 2M VWD will be presented and issues of de novo mutation and somatic mosaicism will be explored. METHODS: Fifty-four patients belonging to 23 unrelated families from all around the country in whom type 2 VWD exclusive of type 2N has been diagnosed not only by clinical and routine laboratory studies but also by genetic confirmation during 1990-2015 were investigated...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764253/differential-dynamics-of-calr-mutant-allele-burden-in-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-during-interferon-alfa-treatment
#18
Lasse Kjær, Sabrina Cordua, Morten O Holmström, Mads Thomassen, Torben A Kruse, Niels Pallisgaard, Thomas S Larsen, Karin de Stricker, Vibe Skov, Hans C Hasselbalch
Discovery of somatic mutations in the calreticulin gene (CALR) has identified a subgroup of Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) with separate haematological characteristics and prognosis. CALR mutations serve as novel markers both of diagnostic value and as targets for monitoring molecular responses during therapy. Interferon-α (IFN) selectively targets the malignant clone in a subset of MPN patients and can induce both haematological and molecular remissions in CALR mutated essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760044/the-relationship-between-alexithymia-and-general-symptoms-of-pregnant-women
#19
Monavar Gilanifar, Moloud Aghajani Delavar
INTRODUCTION: Alexithymia is related to poor emotion regulation strategies as well as higher rates of somatic disorders. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between alexithymia and the general symptoms experienced by the pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a total number of 350 pregnant women, attending the antenatal clinics, were randomly selected. A standardized Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to elicit responses from participants with alexithymia...
October 18, 2016: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754542/egen-prim%C3%A3-rv%C3%A3-rd-f%C3%A3-r-patienter-med-substitutionsbehandling-v%C3%A3-rdcentral-och-laro-mottagningar-i-malm%C3%A3-driver-pilotprojekt
#20
Disa Dahlman, Åsa Palm, Christina Sunesdotter, Katja Troberg, Camilla Wallin
Low-threshold primary care for patients in opiate maintenance therapy. A pilot project in Malmö, Sweden, integrates primary care and OMT  This report illustrates how integration of primary care and opiate maintenance therapy (OMT) may improve OMT patients health and minimize obstacles for care seeking. OMT patients have poor health. Around 80 % have hepatitis C, a majority smoke tobacco, and socio-economic status is generally low. However, somatic health is often under-prioritized in this group. To improve OMT patients physical health', two OMT clinics and one primary care center in Malmö, Sweden, started a pilot project in 2014...
October 14, 2016: Läkartidningen
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