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Somatic experiencing

David L Taylor, Jason McNamee, John Lake, Carissa L Gervasi, Danial G Palance
This study evaluated the relative importance of the N arragansett Bay estuary (RI and MA, USA), and associated tidal rivers and coastal lagoons, as nurseries for juvenile winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, and summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus. Winter flounder (WF) and summer flounder (SF) abundance and growth were measured from May to October (2009-2013) and served as indicators for the use and quality of shallow-water habitats (water depth < 1.5-3.0 m). These bioindicators were then analyzed with respect to physiochemical conditions to determine the mechanisms underlying intra-specific habitat selection...
September 2016: Estuaries and Coasts: Journal of the Estuarine Research Federation
Christine Ma-Kellams, Lei Lai, Shelley E Taylor, Jennifer S Lerner
How does trait negative affect shape somatic memory of stressful events? We hypothesized that negative affect would impair accurate recall of one's own heart rate during stressful situations. Two bio-behavioral studies used a new paradigm to test retrospective visceral perception and assessed whether negative affective states experienced during aversive events (i.e., the Trier Stress Task-Time 1) would retrospectively shape recall of past heart rate (Time 2), even when accounting for actual heart rate at the time of each stressful event (Time 1)...
September 28, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Sitaram M Emani, Breanna L Piekarski, David Zurakowski, Christopher A Baird, Audrey C Marshall, James E Lock, Pedro J Del Nido
BACKGROUND: Options for cardiac valve replacement in children are limited to fixed-diameter prostheses that do not accommodate for somatic growth. An externally stented bovine jugular vein graft has been modified for surgical valve replacement in pediatric patients, with the intention of subsequent valve expansion in the catheterization laboratory as the child grows. METHODS: Pediatric patients at a single institution who underwent surgical implantation of an expandable bovine jugular vein valve between 2010 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Anthony J Zera, Rebecca Clark, Spence Behmer
The influence of variable nutritional input on life history adaptation is a central, but incompletely understood aspect of life history physiology. The wing-polymorphic cricket, Gryllus firmus, has been extensively studied with respect to the biochemical basis of life history adaptation, in particular, modification of lipid metabolism that underlies the enhanced accumulation of lipid flight fuel in the dispersing morph [LW(f)=long wings with functional flight muscles] relative to the flightless (SW=short-winged) morph...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg, Jazmin A Reyes-Portillo, Jananne Khuri, Anke A Ehrhardt, Maria I New
Stigma defined as "undesired differentness" (Goffman, 1963) and subtyped as "experienced" or "enacted," "anticipated," and "internalized" has been documented for patients with diverse chronic diseases. However, no systematic data exist on the association of stigma with somatic intersexuality. The current report concerns women with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), the most prevalent intersex syndrome, and provides descriptive data on CAH-related stigma as experienced in the general social environment (excluding medical settings and romantic/sexual partners) during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Isabella E Romero, Nasreen Toorabally, Danielle Burchett, Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire
Contemporary models of psychopathology-encompassing internalizing, externalizing, and thought dysfunction factors-have gained significant support. Although research indicates the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008 /2011) measures these domains of psychopathology, this study addresses extant limitations in MMPI-2-RF diagnostic validity research by examining associations between all MMPI-2-RF substantive scales and broad dichotomous indicators of internalizing, externalizing, and thought dysfunction diagnoses in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Giny Norder, Claartje A van der Ben, Corné A M Roelen, Martijn W Heymans, Jac J L van der Klink, Ute Bültmann
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are increasing and account for one-third of all disability benefits in OECD countries. This study investigated the work status after mental sickness absence (SA). METHODS: Five-year longitudinal cohort study of 6678 male production workers. Work status, work schedule and work hours/week were retrieved from employer records in five years following RTW from mental SA. Longitudinal analysis was done with linear and logistic generalized estimating equations estimating relative risks (RRs) and odds ratios (ORs), respectively, controlled for age, marital status and occupational grade...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Tahereh Eftekhar, Mahboobeh Dashti, Mamak Shariat, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Firoozeh Raisi, Akram Ghahghaei-Nezamabadi
Objective: To determine the prevalence of sexual problems in Iranian women and association of sexual dysfunction with menopausal symptoms. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 151 married women with the age of 40-60 yearsold who were referred for treatmentto Department of Gynecology in Vali-e-Asr Hospital (Tehran, Iran) from April to July 2012, were recruited. They were evaluated concerning their sexual function in the domains of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain with the female sexual function index (FSFI) questionnaire...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Evaldas Pipinis, Sigita Melynyte, Thomas Koenig, Lina Jarutyte, Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen, Osvaldas Ruksenas, Inga Griskova-Bulanova
There is a gap in understanding on how physiologically observed activity is related to the subjective, internally oriented experience during resting state. Microstate analysis is a frequent approach to evaluate resting-state EEG. But the relationship of commonly observed resting-state microstates to psychological domains of resting is not clear. The Amsterdam Resting-State Questionnaire (ARSQ) was recently introduced, offering an effective way to quantify subjective states after a period of resting and associate these quantifiers to psychological and physiological variables...
September 19, 2016: Brain Topography
Laura M Thornton, Hunna J Watson, Andreas Jangmo, Elisabeth Welch, Camilla Wiklund, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Claes Norring, Barry K Herman, Henrik Larsson, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between binge-eating disorder (BED) and somatic illnesses and determine whether medical comorbidities are more common in individuals who present with BED and comorbid obesity. METHOD: Cases (n = 850) were individuals with a BED diagnosis in the Swedish eating disorders quality registers. Ten community controls were matched to each case on sex, and year, month, and county of birth. Associations of BED status with neurologic, immune, respiratory, gastrointestinal, skin, musculoskeletal, genitourinary, circulatory, and endocrine system diseases were evaluated using conditional logistic regression models...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Werner Blättler, Hans-Jürgen Thomae, Felix Amsler
OBJECTIVE: The core symptoms of venous disease include leg discomfort or pain accompanied by sensations of heavy, weighty, or swollen legs. This suggests the presence of a cause and effect relationship between swelling and pain, resulting in the assumption that a venous disorder is responsible. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between leg volume increase and symptoms provoked by a period of stationary standing and also to investigate the effect of medical compression stockings (MCS)...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
R B K Wanders, H M van Loo, J K Vermunt, R R Meijer, C A Hartman, R A Schoevers, K J Wardenaar, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: In search of empirical classifications of depression and anxiety, most subtyping studies focus solely on symptoms and do so within a single disorder. This study aimed to identify and validate cross-diagnostic subtypes by simultaneously considering symptoms of depression and anxiety, and disability measures. METHOD: A large cohort of adults (Lifelines, n = 73 403) had a full assessment of 16 symptoms of mood and anxiety disorders, and measurement of physical, social and occupational disability...
September 14, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Seyedeh Shohreh Alavi, Jalil Makarem, Mahya Abbasi, Azin Rahimi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) can lead to potential adverse consequences for individuals and their organizations, and in various research, its relationship to physical and mental health of workforce has been studied. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MSDs of upper extremities among office workers and its association with mental health status. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 1488 out of 1630 office workers completed the Standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Ques-tionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) (response rate = 91...
September 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Marcia Kaplan
Regression is a ubiquitous phenomenon in psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, typically part of a reorganization that leads to progression, at least with respect to recruiting elements in the unconscious to consciousness. Regression in patients with conversion disorder (i.e., pseudo-neurological symptoms without an organic basis) is often itself somatic/physical rather than psychic in nature. Psychotherapists working with these patients must be prepared for confusing or frightening forms of regression that should be expected as part of the therapeutic process...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Terese S H Jørgensen, Ida K Wium-Andersen, Marie K Wium-Andersen, Martin B Jørgensen, Eva Prescott, Solvej Maartensson, Per Kragh-Andersen, Merete Osler
Importance: More than 30 million people live with a stroke diagnosis worldwide. Depression after stroke is frequent, and greater knowledge of associated risk factors and outcomes is needed to understand the etiology and implications of this disabling complication. Objectives: To examine whether the incidence of and risk factors for depression differ between patients with stroke and a reference population without stroke and to assess how depression influences mortality...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Michael Perdices
The Alice in Wonderland Syndrome (AWS) was first described more than 60 years ago by Lippman. It refers to episodes during which an individual may variously experience (as did Alice during her time in Wonderland) somatic, visuo-perceptual and/or visuo-spatial hallucinations, as well as feelings of depersonalisation, derealisation and distorted sense of time. Although the prevalence of AWS is unknown, indirect evidence from both retrospective and prospective studies suggests that it is a rare disorder. This paper describes the case of Zoe, a right-handed, native English speaker who was age 45 years when she experienced an episode of AWS...
September 5, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
S Michiels, P Van de Heyning, S Truijen, A Hallemans, W De Hertogh
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus can be related to many different aetiologies such as hearing loss or a noise trauma, but it can also be related to the somatosensory system of the cervical spine, called cervicogenic somatic tinnitus (CST). Case studies suggest a positive effect of cervical spine treatment on tinnitus complaints in patients with CST, but no experimental studies are available. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a multimodal cervical physical therapy treatment on tinnitus complaints in patients with CST...
August 26, 2016: Manual Therapy
Jeannie S Huang, Laura Terrones, Alan N Simmons, Walter Kaye, Irina Strigo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Brain-gut axis signaling modifies gastrointestinal symptomatology. Altered neural processing of intestinal pain signals involves interoceptive brain regions in adults with functional and inflammatory gastrointestinal disorders. Although these disorders frequently present in childhood, there are no published studies in youth. We determined if neural processing of somatic pain stimuli differs in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as compared to healthy controls (HC)...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Margo I Adler, Marco Telford, Russell Bonduriansky
High condition enables individuals to express a phenotype with greater reproductive potential. However, life-history theory predicts that reproduction will trade off with somatic maintenance and viability, and several studies have reported faster age-related decline in performance in high-condition individuals, suggesting that high condition in early life is associated with accelerated somatic deterioration. This trade-off may be especially pronounced in males, which often express condition-dependent secondary sexual traits that can impose viability costs during development and through damage-inflicting adult sexual behaviours...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Ana R C Donati, Solaiman Shokur, Edgard Morya, Debora S F Campos, Renan C Moioli, Claudia M Gitti, Patricia B Augusto, Sandra Tripodi, Cristhiane G Pires, Gislaine A Pereira, Fabricio L Brasil, Simone Gallo, Anthony A Lin, Angelo K Takigami, Maria A Aratanha, Sanjay Joshi, Hannes Bleuler, Gordon Cheng, Alan Rudolph, Miguel A L Nicolelis
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) provide a new assistive strategy aimed at restoring mobility in severely paralyzed patients. Yet, no study in animals or in human subjects has indicated that long-term BMI training could induce any type of clinical recovery. Eight chronic (3-13 years) spinal cord injury (SCI) paraplegics were subjected to long-term training (12 months) with a multi-stage BMI-based gait neurorehabilitation paradigm aimed at restoring locomotion. This paradigm combined intense immersive virtual reality training, enriched visual-tactile feedback, and walking with two EEG-controlled robotic actuators, including a custom-designed lower limb exoskeleton capable of delivering tactile feedback to subjects...
2016: Scientific Reports
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