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Somatic experiencing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088168/do-nursing-staff-encourage-functional-activity-among-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nursing-staff-perceived-behaviors-and-associated-factors
#1
Nienke O Kuk, Mirre den Ouden, G A Rixt Zijlstra, Jan P H Hamers, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Gerrie J J W Bours
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents are mainly inactive. Nursing staff can encourage residents to perform functional activities during daily care activities. This study examines 1) the extent to which nursing staff perceive that they encourage functional activity in nursing home residents and 2) the associations between these nursing behaviors and professional characteristics, contextual factors, and information-seeking behaviors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 368 registered nurses and certified nurse assistants, working in somatic and psychogeriatric wards of forty-one nursing homes throughout the Netherlands participated...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080970/differentiating-attention-styles-and-regulatory-aspects-of-self-reported-interoceptive-sensibility
#2
REVIEW
Wolf Mehling
Based on prior research, multiple discriminable dimensions of interoception have been defined: awareness, accuracy and sensibility. Some investigators defined interoceptive awareness as metacognitive awareness of interoceptive accuracy, assessed as correspondence between subjective confidence in and objective accuracy of one's heartbeat detection. However, metacognitive awareness has been understood quite differently: 'a cognitive set in which negative thoughts/feelings are experienced as mental events, rather than as the self' or as 'error awareness'...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077777/no-evidence-for-thermal-transgenerational-plasticity-in-metabolism-when-minimizing-the-potential-for-confounding-effects
#3
Ø N Kielland, C Bech, S Einum
Environmental change may cause phenotypic changes that are inherited across generations through transgenerational plasticity (TGP). If TGP is adaptive, offspring fitness increases with an increasing match between parent and offspring environment. Here we test for adaptive TGP in somatic growth and metabolic rate in response to temperature in the clonal zooplankton Daphnia pulex Animals of the first focal generation experienced thermal transgenerational 'mismatch' (parental and offspring temperatures differed), whereas conditions of the next two generations matched the (grand)maternal thermal conditions...
January 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074480/clonal-reticulohistiocytosis-of-the-skin-and-bone-marrow-associated-with-systemic-mastocytosis-and-acute-myeloid-leukaemia
#4
Nicola Fusco, Arturo Bonometti, Claudia Augello, Sonia Fabris, Leonardo Boiocchi, Stefano Fiori, Denise Morotti, Nicola Fracchiolla, Emilio Berti, Umberto Gianelli
AIMS: The aims of this study were to define whether diffuse cutaneous reticulohistiocytosis could be underpinned by somatic genetic alterations and represent precursor to more aggressive forms of disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 59-year-old man with diffuse cutaneous reticulohistiocytosis, experienced bone marrow localisation of the disease, with associated systemic mastocytosis and acute myeloid leukaemia. Cytogenetic analyses of the bone marrow aspirate revealed the presence of a derivative chromosome giving rise to a partial trisomy of chromosome 1q and a partial monosomy of chromosome 9q...
January 11, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072644/use-of-an-analog-scale-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-to-optimize-assessment-and-clinical-outcome
#5
Sheldon H Preskorn
This column explains how a clinician can use an analog scale for patients with bipolar disorder: (1) to elucidate the course of the illness in a specific patient and (2) to assess response to treatment. This scale complements other standardized rating scales, such as the Young Mania Rating Scale, because its anchors are tailored to each specific patient in terms of the worst depressive or hypomanic/manic episode (ie, a -10 or +10, respectively) the person has ever experienced. The scale also allows clinicians to track how the individual patient's episodes have responded to treatment in the past, including whether the patient ever has achieved a full remission (ie, score of 0) following the initial onset of the disorder...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067402/ontogenetic-timing-as-a-condition-dependent-life-history-trait-high-condition-males-develop-quickly-peak-early-and-age-fast
#6
Amy K Hooper, Foteini Spagopoulou, Zachariah Wylde, Alexei A Maklakov, Russell Bonduriansky
Within-population variation in ageing remains poorly understood. In males, condition-dependent investment in secondary sexual traits may incur costs which limit ability to invest in somatic maintenance. Moreover, males often express morphological and behavioural secondary sexual traits simultaneously, but the relative effects on ageing of investment in these traits remain unclear. We investigated the condition-dependence of male life history in the neriid fly Telostylinus angusticollis. Using a fully factorial design, we manipulated male early-life condition by varying nutrient content of the larval diet and, subsequently, manipulated opportunity for adult males to interact with rival males...
January 9, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041577/a-concept-mapping-study-on-perpetuating-factors-of-functional-somatic-symptoms-from-clinicians-perspective
#7
Karin A M Janssens, Jan H Houtveen, Lineke M Tak, Irma J Bonvanie, Anna Scholtalbers, Anne van Gils, Rinie Geenen, Judith G M Rosmalen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this concept mapping study was to identify the structure and alleged importance of perpetuating factors of functional somatic symptoms (FSS) from the perspective of professionals. Further, we examined to which extent these factors have been addressed in scientific literature. METHODS: Ninety-nine perpetuating factors were sorted with respect to content using a card-sorting task by 61 experienced clinicians (62.3% psychologists, 75.4% female, mean age: 45...
January 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038388/evaluation-of-perampanel-in-patients-with-intellectual-disability-and-epilepsy
#8
Francesca M Snoeijen-Schouwenaars, Jans S van Ool, In Y Tan, Helenius J Schelhaas, Marian H J M Majoie
INTRODUCTION: Initial registration studies of perampanel (PMP), an AMPA receptor antagonist, have now been followed up by 'clinical' studies that confirmed its efficacy and safety in patients with refractory epilepsy. Publications on the use of PMP among patients with intellectual disability (ID) are still limited. This study extends our knowledge with respect to the relevance of PMP for patients with both ID and epilepsy, and furthermore specifies the behavioral side effects of PMP in this specific population...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030937/predictors-of-the-quality-of-life-of-women-in-peri-menopausal-period
#9
Katarzyna Kanadys, Anna Wiktor-Stoma, Magdalena Lewicka, Magdalena Sulima, Henryk Wiktor
INTRODUCTION: The peri-menopausal period is the time of many biological, psychological and social changes. The quality of life of women in this period may be conditioned by many factors, and analysis of these factors may indicate the optimum directions of prophylactic and educational actions. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of selected predictive factors of the quality of life of women in the peri-menopausal period. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study covered 268 peri-menopausal women...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024913/anxiety-sensitivity-explains-associations-between-anxious-arousal-symptoms-and-smoking-abstinence-expectancies-perceived-barriers-to-cessation-and-problems-experienced-during-past-quit-attempts-among-low-income-smokers
#10
Michael J Zvolensky, Daniel J Paulus, Kirsten J Langdon, Zuzuky Robles, Lorra Garey, Peter J Norton, Michael S Businelle
Disproportionately more smokers report low-income and mental health problems relative to non-smokers. Low-income smokers may use smoking to alleviate negative emotional states resulting from exposure to multiple stressors. Yet, little work has been devoted to elucidating mechanisms that may explain the association between negative emotional states and smoking-related processes among low-income smokers. The present study sought to address this gap by examining anxiety sensitivity, a transdiagnostic factor related to both anxiety and smoking, as a potential mediator for the influence of anxiety symptoms on smoking-related processes, including threat-related smoking abstinence expectancies (somatic symptoms and harmful consequences), perceived barriers for cessation, and problems experienced during past quit attempts...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002094/the-association-between-headaches-and-temporomandibular-disorders-is-confounded-by-bruxism-and-somatic-complaints
#11
Hedwig A van der Meer, Caroline M Speksnijder, Raoul Engelbert, Frank Lobbezoo, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Corine M Visscher
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this observational study was to establish the possible presence of confounders on the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and headaches in a patient population from a TMD and Orofacial Pain Clinic. METHODS: Several subtypes of headaches were diagnosed: self-reported headache, (probable) migraine, (probable) tension-type headache (TTH), and secondary headache attributed to TMD. The presence of TMD was subdivided into two subtypes: painful TMD and function-related TMD...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966025/fear-of-recurrence-or-progression-as-a-link-between-somatic-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-among-cancer-survivors
#12
Daniel L Hall, Inga T Lennes, William F Pirl, Emily R Friedman, Elyse R Park
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors report experiencing somatic symptoms as well as elevated stress. Theoretical models have suggested that physical symptoms generate subjective stress via fears of recurrence or progression. To date, this indirect effect has not been established empirically. This study aimed to provide preliminary evidence as to whether fear of recurrence or progression is an intermediary between somatic symptom severity and perceived stress among heterogeneous cancer survivors...
December 13, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939552/intramammary-infusion-of-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-negatively-affects-feed-intake-chewing-and-clinical-variables-but-some-effects-are-stronger-in-cows-experiencing-subacute-rumen-acidosis
#13
S Aditya, E Humer, P Pourazad, R Khiaosa-Ard, J Huber, Q Zebeli
Feeding high-grain diets increases the risk of subacute rumen acidosis (SARA) and adversely affects rumen health. This condition might impair the responsiveness of cows when they are exposed to external infectious stimuli such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The main objective of this study was to evaluate various responses to intramammary LPS infusion in healthy dairy cows and those experimentally subjected to SARA. Eighteen early-lactating Simmental cows were subjected to SARA (n = 12) or control (CON; n = 6) feeding conditions...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910097/chronic-migraine-an-update-on-physiology-imaging-and-the-mechanism-of-action-of-two-available-pharmacologic-therapies
#14
Sheena K Aurora, Mitchell F Brin
Several lines of research support the hypothesis that migraine is a spectrum of illness, with clinical symptoms that vary along a continuum from episodic migraine to chronic migraine. Physiologic changes may result in episodic migraine evolving into chronic migraine over months to years in susceptible individuals. With chronification, headache frequency increases, becoming more disabling and less responsive to therapy. Neurophysiologic and functional imaging research has reported that chronic migraine may be associated with severity-specific metabolic, functional, and structural abnormalities in the brainstem...
January 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896534/reactions-and-strategies-of-german-catholic-priests-to-cope-with-phases-of-spiritual-dryness
#15
Arndt Büssing, Jochen Sautermeister, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
We investigated strategies of 763 Catholic priests (response rate 36%) to deal with phases of spiritual dryness, specifically their reactions toward these feelings, and which strategies were used. Most priests have found strategies to cope with feelings of spiritual dryness. Those who have managed to overcome these phases were stimulated "all the more to help others" and experienced "deeper spiritual clarity and depth." Whatever strategy was chosen (we differentiated eight strategies in various combinations), there were no significant differences for priests' self-efficacy expectation, transcendence perception or life satisfaction...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878386/associated-symptoms-of-depression-patterns-of-change-during-pregnancy
#16
Rita T Amiel Castro, Claudia Pinard Anderman, Vivette Glover, Thomas G O'Connor, Ulrike Ehlert, Martin Kammerer
Little is known about the natural course of depressive symptoms and associated features throughout pregnancy. We examined the course of some psychological and somatic symptoms in each month of pregnancy in a normative sample. A consecutive, unselected sample of women (N = 374) were interviewed retrospectively at 6 weeks postpartum with the Structured Clinical Interview (DSM-IV). Women were asked whether they had experienced each symptom at any time during pregnancy and the occurrence of the symptom for each month of pregnancy...
November 22, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876737/-the-occupational-risk-of-hearing-impairment-associated-with-cardiovascular-pathologies-in-the-subjects-engaged-in-noisy-industries
#17
V B Pankova, E A Preobrazhenskaya, I N Fedina
The objective of the present study was to analyze the structure of concomitant somatic pathology in the subjects experiencing the occupational hearing problems. The study demonstrated the increase in the frequency of concomitant chronic diseases and the prevalence of polynosological conditions with the increasing severity of hearing impairment. It was shown that cardiovascular pathologies tend to enhance the risk of hearing loss in the employees engaged in «noisy» occupations. The cause-and-effect relationships were elucidated as the contribution of the "vascular" factor to the formation of occupational pathology of the organs of hearing...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845596/how-can-the-general-practitioner-support-adolescent-children-of-ill-or-substance-abusing-parents-a-qualitative-study-among-adolescents
#18
Frøydis Gullbrå, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Guri Rortveit, Marit Hafting
OBJECTIVES: To explore significant experiences of adolescents as next of kin that the general practitioner (GP) should identify and recognize. DESIGN: Qualitative study with focus-group interviews. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Three focus-group interviews were conducted with a total of 15 Norwegian adolescents each with an ill or substance-abusing parent. The participants were recruited from existing support groups. RESULTS: The adolescents' days were dominated by unpredictability in their family situation and their own exhausting efforts to keep up an ordinary youth life...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834162/longitudinal-associations-between-late-life-depression-dimensions-and-cognitive-functioning-a-cross-domain-latent-growth-curve-analysis
#19
A Brailean, M J Aartsen, G Muniz-Terrera, M Prince, A M Prina, H C Comijs, M Huisman, A Beekman
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment and depression often co-occur in older adults, but it is not clear whether depression is a risk factor for cognitive decline, a psychological reaction to cognitive decline, or whether changes in depressive symptoms correlate with changes in cognitive performance over time. The co-morbid manifestation of depression and cognitive impairment may reflect either a causal effect or a common cause, depending on the specific symptoms experienced and the cognitive functions affected...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832165/consumer-perception-of-inpatient-medical-services
#20
Satoko Izugami, Kozo Takase
Although it is currently popular to reflect consumers' perspectives to medical service management, insufficient attempts have been made to understand detailed perception of the consumer side of medical services to promote medical services' evaluation from the consumer viewpoint. The aim of this study was to descriptively reveal how consumers perceive medical services that they receive, focusing on inpatient medical services. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 adults who experienced hospitalization of five or more days...
2016: PloS One
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