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Somatic experiencing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633805/somatic-support-following-cardiac-arrest-for-90%C3%A2-days-leading-to-a-healthy-baby-boy-a-case-report
#1
Sarah Holliday, Barbara Magnuson-Woodward
Due to a lack of published case reports regarding the somatic support of brain dead pregnant patients, each one adds to the limited knowledge that directs care for this patient population. A young woman experienced a cardiac arrest and was subsequently determined to be approximately 20 weeks pregnant following cardio pulmonary resuscitation. Soon after, she was diagnosed as brain dead, but her family chose to keep her supported in hopes of the delivery of a healthy child. She was transferred to our facility, where she was supported after being diagnosed as brain dead for a total of 90 days and delivered a healthy baby boy at almost 32 weeks gestational age...
June 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619292/psychophysiological-response-in-parachute-jumps-the-effect-of-experience-and-type-of-jump
#2
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Jesús Fernández-Lucas
We aimed to analyse the effect of experience and type of parachute jump on the psychophysiological responses of jumpers. We analysed blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, lactate and creatinkinase, leg strength, isometric hand strength, cortical arousal, specific fine motor skills, self-confidence and cognition, and somatic and state anxiety, before and after four different parachute jumps: a sport parachute jump, a manual tactical parachute jump, tandem pilots, and tandem passengers. Independently of the parachute jump, the psychophysiological responses of experienced paratroopers were not affected by the jumps, except for an increase in anaerobic metabolism...
June 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613367/-associations-between-depression-anxiety-and-telomere-length-in-a-large-dutch-psychiatric-cohort-study
#3
J E Verhoeven, P van Oppen, B W J H Penninx
Not only do depressive and anxiety disorders have psychological consequenses, they can also lead to impaired physical health. Persons with depressieve and anxiety disorders have increased risk of developing several ageing-related somatic ilnesses. This raises the question whether persons with depressive or anxiety disorder are subject to accelerated cellular ageing.<br/> AIM: To test the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between depressive and anxiety disorders and telomere length, an indicator of cellular ageing...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601667/association-between-childhood-trauma-and-accelerated-telomere-erosion-in-adulthood-a-meta-analytic-study
#4
Zongchang Li, Ying He, Dong Wang, Jingsong Tang, Xiaogang Chen
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has long-term sequelae on health status and contributes to numbers of somatic and mental disorders in later life. Findings from experimental studies in animals suggest that telomere erosion may be a mediator of this relationship. However, results from human studies are heterogeneous. To address these inconsistencies, we performed a meta-analysis regarding the association between childhood trauma and telomere length in adulthood. METHOD: Articles were identified by systematically searching the Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science databases...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#5
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598585/epithelioid-hemangioendotheliomas-of-the-liver-and-lung-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Simone Hettmer, Geoffroy Andrieux, Jochen Hochrein, Philipp Kurz, Jochen Rössler, Silke Lassmann, Martin Werner, Nikolas von Bubnoff, Christoph Peters, Ewa Koscielniak, Monika Sparber-Sauer, Charlotte Niemeyer, Thomas Mentzel, Hauke Busch, Melanie Boerries
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare, vascular sarcoma. Visceral forms arise in the liver/ lungs. We review the clinical and molecular phenotype of pediatric visceral EHE based on the case of a 9-year-old male child with EHE of the liver/lungs. His tumor expressed the EHE-specific fusion oncogene WWTR1-CAMTA1. Molecular characterization revealed a low somatic mutation rate and activated interferon signaling, angiogenesis regulation, and blood vessel remodeling. After polychemotherapy and resection of lung tumors, residual disease remained stable on oral lenalidomide...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585761/somatic-experiencing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-outcome-study
#7
Danny Brom, Yaffa Stokar, Cathy Lawi, Vered Nuriel-Porat, Yuval Ziv, Karen Lerner, Gina Ross
This study presents the first known randomized controlled study evaluating the effectiveness of somatic experiencing (SE), an integrative body-focused therapy for treating people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There were 63 participants meeting DSM-IV-TR full criteria for PTSD included. Baseline clinical interviews and self-report measures were completed by all participants, who were then randomly assigned to study (n = 33) or waitlist (n = 30) groups. Study participants began 15 weekly SE sessions, whereas waitlist participants waited the same period, after which the second evaluation was conducted...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572779/differences-in-cortisol-response-to-trauma-activation-in-individuals-with-and-without-comorbid-ptsd-and-depression
#8
Sharon Dekel, Tsachi Ein-Dor, Jeffrey B Rosen, George A Bonanno
Background: Although depression symptoms are often experienced by individuals who develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following trauma exposure, little is know about the biological correlates associated with PTSD and depression co-morbidity vs. those associated with PTSD symptoms alone. Methods: Here we examined salivary cortisol responses to trauma activation in a sample of 60 survivors of the World Trade Center attacks on September 11, 2001. Participants recalled the escape from the attacks 7 months post 9/11...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555940/altered-molecular-profile-in-thyroid-cancers-from-patients-affected-by-the-three-mile-island-nuclear-accident
#9
David Goldenberg, Mariano Russo, Kenneth Houser, Henry Crist, Jonathan B Derr, Vonn Walter, Joshua I Warrick, Kathryn E Sheldon, James Broach, Darrin V Bann
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 1979, Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant experienced a partial meltdown with release of radioactive material. The effects of the accident on thyroid cancer (TC) in the surrounding population remain unclear. Radiation-induced TCs have a lower incidence of single nucleotide oncogenic driver mutations and higher incidence of gene fusions. We used next generation sequencing (NGS) to identify molecular signatures of radiation-induced TC in a cohort of TC patients residing near TMI during the time of the accident...
May 29, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555116/interaction-between-gender-and-skill-on-competitive-state-anxiety-using-the-time-to-event-paradigm-what-roles-do-intensity-direction-and-frequency-dimensions-play
#10
John E Hagan, Dietmar Pollmann, Thomas Schack
Background and purpose: The functional understanding and examination of competitive anxiety responses as temporal events that unfold as time-to-competition moves closer has emerged as a topical research area within the domains of sport psychology. However, little is known from an inclusive and interaction oriented perspective. Using the multidimensional anxiety theory as a framework, the present study examined the temporal patterning of competitive anxiety, focusing on the dimensions of intensity, direction, and frequency of intrusions in athletes across gender and skill level...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554366/is-psychotherapy-for-functional-somatic-syndromes-harmful-a-mixed-methods-study-on-negative-effects
#11
A F Holsting, H F Pedersen, M T Rask, L Frostholm, A Schröder
INTRODUCTION: Concern for negative effects of psychotherapy for functional somatic syndromes (FSS) has been expressed by clinicians and some patient associations, which may prevent patients from seeking treatment. Therefore, we sought to explore the occurrence and characteristics of negative effects from group-based psychotherapy as experienced by patients with severe or multiple FSS. METHODS: An adapted version of the explanatory sequential mixed methods design was applied...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545147/chromosome-divergence-during-evolution-of-the-tetraploid-clawed-frogs-xenopus-mellotropicalis-and-xenopus-epitropicalis-as-revealed-by-zoo-fish
#12
Martin Knytl, Ondřej Smolík, Svatava Kubíčková, Tereza Tlapáková, Ben J Evans, Vladimír Krylov
Whole genome duplication (WGD) generates new species and genomic redundancy. In African clawed frogs of the genus Xenopus, this phenomenon has been especially important in that (i) all but one extant species are polyploid and (ii) whole genome sequences of some species provide an evidence for genomic rearrangements prior to or after WGD. Within Xenopus in the subgenus Silurana, at least one allotetraploidization event gave rise to three extant tetraploid (2n = 4x = 40) species-Xenopus mellotropicalis, X. epitropicalis, and X...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532727/experiences-and-own-management-regarding-residual-symptoms-among-people-with-coeliac-disease
#13
Lisa Ring Jacobsson, Anna Milberg, Katarina Hjelm, Maria Friedrichsen
CONTEXT: Between 7% and 30% of people with treated coeliac disease suffer from residual symptoms, and there is a knowledge gap about their own management of these symptoms. AIM: To explore experiences and management concerning residual symptoms despite a gluten-free diet in people with coeliac disease. METHODS: A qualitative explorative design with semi-structured interviews with 22 adults with coeliac disease in Sweden. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517941/cognitive-and-affective-factors-predicting-daily-somatic-complaints-in-college-students
#14
Garry L Spink, Randall S Jorgensen, Stephanie Cristiano
Evidence suggests that cumulative somatic complaints predict health care utilization in college students. The symptom perception hypothesis and the response expectancy theory are 2 theories concerning the generation of somatic complaints. The symptom perception hypothesis suggests that negative affect influences daily somatic complaints, whereas the response expectancy theory surmises somatic complaint generation relates to response expectancies. Some evidence suggests that understanding the complex interplay of these factors may enhance prediction of daily somatic complaints...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511485/spiritual-well-being-and-associated-factors-with-relapse-in-opioid-addicts
#15
Mohammad-Reza Noormohammadi, Masoud Nikfarjam, Fatemeh Deris, Neda Parvin
INTRODUCTION: Opioid dependence relapse is a complex and multidimensional problem, and lack of spiritual well-being is a major concern in opioid addicts. AIM: This study was conducted to determine spiritual well-being and factors associated with relapse among opioid addicts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2015 to September 2015. According to purposive sampling, 312 eligible addicted patients were enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489620/adult-desmoid-tumors-biology-management-and-ongoing-trials
#16
Nicolas Penel, Frédéric Chibon, Sébastien Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the current knowledge about the biology and clinical management of adult desmoid tumors. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past decade, we have learned that desmoid tumors are driven by alterations of the Wnt/APC/β-catenin pathway, sporadic desmoid tumors are associated with somatic mutations of CTNNB1, and germline mutations of APC and somatic mutations of CTNNB1 are probably mutually exclusive. One-third of desmoid tumors are misdiagnosed; a second pathological opinion is therefore of major importance for desmoid tumor...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487467/overall-survival-and-clinical-characteristics-of-brca-associated-cholangiocarcinoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#17
Talia Golan, Maria Raitses-Gurevich, Robin K Kelley, Andrea G Bocobo, Ayelet Borgida, Rachna T Shroff, Spring Holter, Steven Gallinger, Daniel H Ahn, Dan Aderka, Jain Apurva, Tanois Bekaii-Saab, Eitan Friedman, Milind Javle
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract malignancies, in particular cholangiocarcinomas (CCA), are rare tumors that carry a poor prognosis. BRCA2 mutation carriers have an increased risk of developing CCA with a reported relative risk of ∼5 according to the Breast Cancer Linkage Consortium. In addition to this risk, there are potential therapeutic implications in those harboring somatic and/or germline (GL) BRCA mutations. Therefore, it is important to define the clinical characteristics of GL/somatic BRCA1/2 variants in CCA patients...
May 9, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486495/long-term-inpatient-disease-burden-in-the-adult-life-after-childhood-cancer-in-scandinavia-aliccs-study-a-cohort-study-of-21-297-childhood-cancer-survivors
#18
Sofie de Fine Licht, Kathrine Rugbjerg, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Trine G Bonnesen, Peter Haubjerg Asdahl, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Finn Wesenberg, Henrik Hasle, Jeanette F Winther, Jørgen H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood cancers. Therefore, we aimed to provide the most detailed overview of the long-term risk of hospitalisation in survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From the national cancer registers of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden, we identified 21,297 5-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed with cancer before the age of 20 years in the periods 1943-2008 in Denmark, 1971-2008 in Finland, 1955-2008 in Iceland, and 1958-2008 in Sweden...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461204/challenge-and-threat-imagery-manipulates-heart-rate-and-anxiety-responses-to-stress
#19
Sarah E Williams, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Gavin P Trotman, Mary L Quinton, Annie T Ginty
This study investigated the influence of different types of mental imagery on heart rate and anxiety responses to a standard psychological stress task. Using a within-design, 25 females (Mage=23.24; SD=4.19) imaged three different scripts (challenge, threat, and neutral) to manipulate appraisal of a speech preparation task. Following each script, participants completed the task. Heart rate was recorded during a resting baseline prior to each imagery script and during each speech preparation task. Cognitive and somatic anxiety and self-confidence were assessed prior to the speech preparation trials, and immediately prior to each speech preparation following imagery...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433991/the-effect-of-traumatic-experiences-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees
#20
Yeonsun Choi, Sun Young Lim, Jin Yong Jun, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, Ji-Chul Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: Successful adaptation of refugees to a new society can be hindered by traumatic experiences and psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to examine the relationship between trauma, psychiatric symptoms and life satisfaction of North Korean refugees resettled in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 211 North Korean refugees living in South Korea completed a series of questionnaires on the history of their previous traumatic experiences, life satisfaction in South Korea, depression, anxiety, somatization and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 22, 2017: Psychopathology
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