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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437539/safety-and-efficacy-of-antiviral-therapy-for-prevention-of-cytomegalovirus-reactivation-in-immunocompetent-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Nicholas J Cowley, Andrew Owen, Sarah C Shiels, Joanne Millar, Rebecca Woolley, Natalie Ives, Husam Osman, Paul Moss, Julian F Bion
Importance: Latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is present in more than half the adult population, and a viral reactivation (ie, when the virus becomes measurable in body fluids such as blood) can occur in up to one-third of these individuals during episodes of critical illness. Objective: To determine whether antiviral therapy is safe and effective for preventing CMV reactivation in a general population of critically ill patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: A single-center, open-label, randomized, controlled clinical trial recruited 124 CMV-seropositive patients undergoing mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours in the intensive care unit between January 1, 2012, and January 31, 2014...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437428/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-among-under-and-post-graduate-healthcare-students-in-italy
#2
Monica Lamberti, Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Antonio Arnese, Vincenzo Crispino, Gianclaudio Panariello, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 641 medical students, 359 students attending a degree course in the healthcare professions, and 500 resident physicians, all undergoing health surveillance at the ambulatory of the Division of Occupational Medicine, Second University of Naples, Italy. 76.1% of the participants drank alcohol, with 85.5% of medical students, 77.4% of resident physicians, and 63% of healthcare-professions students reporting regular alcohol use. In the whole sample, the mean Audit-C score was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437239/tprevalence-of-hpv-in-adults-aged-18-69-united-states-2011-2014
#3
Geraldine McQuillan, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Lauri E Markowitz, Elizabeth R Unger, Ryne Paulose-Ram
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2011-2014, prevalence of any oral human papillomavirus (HPV) for adults aged 18-69 was 7.3%; high-risk HPV was 4.0%. ● Overall, prevalence of any and high-risk oral HPV was lowest among non-Hispanic Asian adults; any oral HPV was highest among non-Hispanic black adults. ● Prevalence of any and high-risk oral HPV was higher in men than women except for high-risk HPV among Asian adults. ● During 2013-2014, prevalence of any and high-risk genital HPV for adults aged 18-59 was 45...
April 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437031/patient-reported-outcome-pro-questionnaires-for-men-who-have-radical-surgery-for-prostate-cancer-a-conceptual-review-of-existing-instruments
#4
REVIEW
Evangelia Protopapa, Jan van der Meulen, Caroline M Moore, Sarah C Smith
OBJECTIVES: To critically review conceptual frameworks for available patient reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires in men having radical prostatectomy; psychometrically evaluate each questionnaire; identify whether each is appropriate for use at the level of the individual patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Reports and Publications database of the University of Oxford Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Group and the website of the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) for psychometric reviews of prostate cancer specific PRO questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436761/androgen-and-estrogen-shifts-in-men-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery-and-links-to-vitamins-and-trace-elements
#5
Alberto Rosenblatt, Joel Faintuch, Ivan Cecconello
Androgens and estrogens play a key role regarding sexual life and reproduction. Along with hypotestosteronemia, obese men exhibit a 2-fold increase in estradiol concentration, adversely infl uencing these parameters. Estrogens and adipokines also infl uence bone metabolism, exerting a direct effect on vitamin D, calcium homeostasis and bone health. Bariatric procedures normalize some sex hormones, and may reverse several obesity-related conditions. Estrogens levels may remain elevated postoperatively, and despite its protective effect on the skeleton, bariatric patients are more prone to fractures when compared to the general population...
April 24, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436758/amphetamine-type-stimulants-ats-use-and-homosexuality-related-enacted-stigma-are-associated-with-depression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-two-major-cities-in-vietnam-in-2014
#6
Nga Thi Thu Vu, Martin Holt, Huong Thi Thu Phan, Lan Thi La, Gioi Minh Tran, Tung Thanh Doan, Trang Nguyen Nhu Nguyen, John de Wit
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by mental health concerns, including depression. Amphetamine-type-stimulants (ATS) use and homosexuality-related stigma and discrimination have been found associated with depression among MSM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of depression and its associations with ATS use and homosexuality-related stigma and discrimination among MSM in Vietnam. METHODS: 622 MSM were conveniently recruited in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, from September to December 2014...
April 24, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#7
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436378/outcomes-of-corpectomy-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer
#8
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The objective of surgical management of spinal metastases is to reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life. The operation should restore spinal stability and decompress neural structures. One surgical technique is corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine. The procedure may be performed in patients in overall good health and a good survival prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of surgical management of spinal metastases in patients who underwent corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436236/put-two-and-two-together-to-make-the-most-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-a-longitudinal-online-study-examining-cross-behavioural-mechanisms-in-multiple-health-behaviour-change
#9
Juliane Paech, Sonia Lippke
Recommendations for physical activity and for fruit and vegetable intake are often not translated into action due to deficits in self-regulatory strategies. The present study examines the interplay of intention, intergoal facilitation, action and coping planning and self-regulation in facilitating physical activity and healthy nutrition. In an online study, intentions and behaviours were assessed at baseline, intergoal facilitation and planning at 4-week follow-up, self-regulation, physical activity and nutrition at 6-month follow-up in a non-clinical sample...
April 23, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436193/association-between-using-medications-with-anticholinergic-properties-and-short-term-cognitive-decline-among-older-men-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#10
Yi-Hui Wu, Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Liang-Yu Chen, Ming-Hsien Lin, Pei-Ning Wang, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: The use of anticholinergic drugs had been strongly linked to adverse health outcomes among older adults, especially in cognitive impairment or dementia. The present study aimed to evaluate the cognitive decline related to the use of anticholinergic drugs among older men living in the veterans' homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was a substudy of The Longitudinal Older Veterans study. A total of 274 residents living in four Taiwan veterans' homes and receiving two consecutive Mini-Mental State Examinations within the interval of 6 months from January 2012 to December 2014 were enrolled in the present study...
April 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436011/is-prostate-cancer-different-in-black-men-answers-from-3-natural-history-models
#11
Alex Tsodikov, Roman Gulati, Tiago M de Carvalho, Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Rachel A Hunter-Merrill, Angela B Mariotto, Harry J de Koning, Ruth Etzioni
BACKGROUND: Black men in the United States have substantially higher prostate cancer incidence rates than the general population. The extent to which this incidence disparity is because prostate cancer is more prevalent, more aggressive, and/or more frequently diagnosed in black men is unknown. METHODS: The authors estimated 3 independently developed models of prostate cancer natural history in black men and in the general population using an updated reconstruction of prostate-specific antigen screening, based on the National Health Interview Survey in 2005 and on prostate cancer incidence data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program during 1975 through 2000...
April 24, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435984/patterns-predictors-and-persistence-of-chronic-sedative-use-a-population-based-observational-study-of-older-adults-in-british-columbia-canada
#12
Steven G Morgan, Deirdre Weymann
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like sedatives (zopiclone, zolpidem and zaleplon) are commonly prescribed to treat anxiety and insomnia but are contraindicated for chronic use. We sought to study the persistence, over multiple years, of chronic use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like sedatives among community-dwelling adults in British Columbia, Canada. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of linked health data for adults aged 50 to 69 in 2004 who resided in British Columbia, Canada, between 2004 and 2013...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435814/gender-dependent-differences-in-the-relationship-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-ambient-air-pollution-among-adults-in-south-korean-cities
#13
Dongwook Sohn, Hyunjin Oh
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been a serious public health threat worldwide. It has been linked to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases but is also believed to contribute to air-pollution-mediated cardiometabolic disease such as diabetes. We investigated the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and air pollution in densely developed urban settings in South Korea, using national epidemiologic data. METHODS: The analysis focused on examining gender-related differences in the relationship between DM 2 and air pollutants, specifically particulate matter ≤ 10μm (PM10) and sulfur dioxide (SO2)...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435687/an-evaluation-of-low-volume-high-intensity-intermittent-training-hiit-for-health-risk-reduction-in-overweight-and-obese-men
#14
Benjamin M Kelly, Soteris Xenophontos, James A King, Myra A Nimmo
ᅟ: Both sprint interval training (SIT) and high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) have been described as time-efficient strategies for inducing favourable metabolic and cardiorespiratory adaptations in healthy and diseased participants. BACKGROUND: To date, little attention has been given to profiling the potential health benefits of HIIT or modified HIIT training within overweight and obese cohorts with particular focus on inflammation. Within this pilot trial, we tested the hypothesis that 6 sessions of HIIT performed over 2 weeks with 1-2 days' rest would improve aerobic capacity, glucose metabolism and inflammatory profile in an overweight and obese male cohort...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435680/adiposity-cvd-risk-factors-and-testosterone-variation-by-partnering-status-and-residence-with-children-in-us-men
#15
Lee T Gettler, Mallika S Sarma, Rieti G Gengo, Rahul C Oka, James J McKenna
Background and objectives: In many settings, partnered, invested fathers have lower testosterone than single men or fathers who are not involved in caregiving. Reduced testosterone has been identified as a risk factor for multiple chronic diseases, and men's health also commonly varies by life history status. There have been few tests of whether variation in testosterone based on partnering and parenting has implications for men's health. Methodology: We analysed data from a US population-representative sample (NHANES) of young-to-middle aged US men (n = 875; mean age: 29...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435629/prognostic-value-of-hemoglobin-a1c-in-nondiabetic-and-diabetic-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#16
Mohammad Ali Shafa, Hosseinali Ebrahimi, Farhad Iranmanesh, Mojtaba Sasaie
Background: Diabetes is a well-known risk factor for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Some recent studies point to hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) may have prognostic value in nondiabetic and diabetic patients with ischemic stroke (IS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of HbA1c on mortality and morbidity in AIS patients with and without diabetic. Methods: In this prospective observational study, 150 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with AIS were evaluated for serum HbA1c level, hypertension (HTN), hyperlipidemia, and smoking in the first 24 hours of admission to determine their value to predict mortality and mortality at 30 and 90 days...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435242/burden-of-asthma-dyspnea-and-chronic-cough-in-south-asia
#17
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough are well-established risk factors of COPD and often associated with exacerbation of the disease, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in South Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to, 1) measure the prevalence of asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough, and 2) assess the relationship between these respiratory problems and self-reported health status among South Asians. METHODS: Data for this research came from the World Health Survey (2002-2003) conducted by the World Health Organization...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434435/association-between-burnout-and-cortisol-secretion-perceived-stress-and-psychopathology-in-palliative-care-unit-health-professionals
#18
José Carlos Fernández-Sánchez, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Antonia Blásquez, Ana María Santos-Ruiz, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: A high incidence of burnout has been reported in health professionals working in palliative care units. Our present study aims to determine whether there are differences in the secretion of salivary cortisol between palliative care unit health professionals with and without burnout, and to elucidate whether there is a relationship between burnout syndrome and perceived stress and psychopathological status in this population. METHOD: A total of 69 health professionals who met the inclusion criteria participated in our study, including physicians, nurses, and nursing assistants...
April 24, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434250/rolling-tobacco-in-banana-leaves-newspaper-or-copybook-paper-associated-with-significant-reduction-in-lung-function-in-vanuatu
#19
Charles A Weitz, Kathryn M Olszowy, Kelsey N Dancause, Cheng Sun, Alysa Pomer, Howard Silverman, G Lee, Len Tarivonda, Chim W Chan, Akira Kaneko, J K Lum, Ralph M Garruto
In addition to the widespread availability of packaged cigarettes, the inhabitants of island nations of the Southwest Pacific frequently smoke commercially available loose tobacco using manufactured rolling papers, as well as locally grown tobacco rolled in manufactured rolling paper or wrapped in leaves, copybook paper, and newspaper. In this study, Vanuatu men who smoked local tobacco rolled in leaves, copybook paper, or newspaper showed significantly lower forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC ratios than men who smoked packaged cigarettes, store-bought tobacco rolled in manufactured rolling paper, or who smoked locally grown tobacco rolled in manufactured rolling papers...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434242/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-ot%C3%A3-p2014-iii-macroelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#20
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian adult population. The aim of the study is to present the macroelement intake of the population. METHOD: The study represents the macrolement intake of the population with age 18 or over on the day of 31 December 2013, of those who are non-institutionalised. RESULTS: Salt intake decreased compared to the findings of the previous study in 2009 but it is still extremely high (15...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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