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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007180/the-long-term-impact-of-multiple-sclerosis-on-the-risk-of-divorce
#1
Erik Landfeldt, Anna Castelo-Branco, Axel Svedbom, Emil Löfroth, Andrius Kavaliunas, Jan Hillert
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on the risk of divorce. However, current evidence is inconclusive and limited by e.g. small sample populations, short follow-up, and/or lack of a control group. The objective of this retrospective, observational study was to estimate the long-term impact of MS on the risk of divorce. METHODS: Swedish patients diagnosed with MS between 1975 and 2012 were identified in a nationwide disease-specific register (the Swedish Multiple Sclerosis Registry) and matched with general population controls based on age, sex, region of residency, and marital status...
July 3, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006884/the-association-between-alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-differs-by-age-and-gender-in-cohort-of-norway-a-norepos-study
#2
A J Søgaard, A H Ranhoff, H E Meyer, T K Omsland, W Nystad, G S Tell, K Holvik
The association between alcohol consumption and hip fracture differed by gender: Men aged 30-59 years drinking frequently or 14+ gl/week had higher risk than moderate drinkers. No significant association was seen in older men. Women not drinking alcohol had higher risk than those drinking moderately both regarding frequency and amount. INTRODUCTION: We aimed to examine alcohol consumption and risk of hip fracture according to age and gender in the population-based Cohort of Norway (1994-2003)...
July 13, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006792/theory-based-text-messaging-to-reduce-methamphetamine-use-and-hiv-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-automated-unidirectional-delivery-outperforms-bidirectional-peer-interactive-delivery
#3
Cathy J Reback, Jesse B Fletcher, Dallas A Swendeman, Mitch Metzner
Project Tech Support2 was a randomized controlled trial that tested three methods of text message delivery for reducing methamphetamine use and HIV risks among MSM. From March 2014 to January 2016, 286 methamphetamine-using MSM were randomized into: (1) interactive text conversations with Peer Health Educators, plus five-times-a-day automated theory-based messages, plus a weekly self-monitoring text-message assessment (TXT-PHE; n = 94); or, (2) the daily automated messages and weekly self-monitoring assessment (TXT-Auto; n = 99); or, (3) weekly self-monitoring assessment only (AO; n = 93)...
July 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006578/metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-obesity-phenotypes-and-risk-of-renal-stone-a-cohort-study
#4
Seolhye Kim, Yoosoo Chang, Kyung Eun Yun, Hyun-Suk Jung, Inah Kim, Young Youl Hyun, Kyu-Beck Lee, Kwan Joong Joo, Heung Jae Park, Hocheol Shin, Seungho Ryu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although obesity is considered an independent risk factor of nephrolithiasis, little is known about the effect of obesity on nephrolithiasis according to metabolic health status. We investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) category and the incidence of nephrolithiasis in metabolically healthy and unhealthy individuals. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The cohort consisted of 270,190 Korean adults free of nephrolithiasis at baseline, who were followed-up annually or biennially for a median of 4...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005709/impact-of-social-determinants-on-antiretroviral-therapy-access-and-outcomes-entering-the-era-of-universal-treatment-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-italy
#5
Annalisa Saracino, Mauro Zaccarelli, Patrizia Lorenzini, Alessandra Bandera, Giulia Marchetti, Francesco Castelli, Andrea Gori, Enrico Girardi, Cristina Mussini, Paolo Bonfanti, Adriana Ammassari, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte
BACKGROUND: Social determinants are known to be a driving force of health inequalities, even in high income countries. Aim of our study was to determine if these factors can limit antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, outcome and retention in care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Italy. METHODS: All ART naïve HIV+ patients (pts) of Italian nationality enrolled in the ICONA Cohort from 2002 to 2016 were included. The association of socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, risk factor for HIV infection, educational level, occupational status and residency area) with time to: ART initiation (from the first positive anti-HIV test), ART regimen discontinuation, and first HIV-RNA < 50 cp/mL, were evaluated by Cox regression analysis, Kaplan Meier method and log-rank test...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005665/decomposition-of-gendered-income-related-inequalities-in-multiple-biological-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-middle-aged-population
#6
Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastian, Anneli Ivarsson, Per E Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular disease seem to widen or endure in Sweden. However, research on inequalities in antecedent cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), and particularly what underpins them, is scarce. The present study aimed 1) to estimate income-related inequalities in eight biological cardiovascular risk factors in Swedish middle-aged women and men; and 2) to examine the contribution of demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and psychosocial determinants to the observed inequalities...
July 13, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005663/effectiveness-of-an-exclusive-intervention-strategy-to-increase-medical-male-circumcision-uptake-among-men-aged-25-49-years-in-south-africa
#7
Jonathan M Grund, Candice M Chetty-Makkan, Sibuse Ginindza, Reuben Munyai, Helen Kisbey-Green, Mpho Maraisane, Salome Charalambous
BACKGROUND: South Africa introduced medical male circumcision (MMC) to reduce HIV incidence. Mathematical modeling suggested that targeting MMC services to men aged 20-34 years could provide the most immediate impact on HIV incidence. However the majority of MMCs performed have been among males aged ≤25 years. We evaluated an intervention package to increase MMC uptake among men aged 25-49 years. METHODS: We conducted a pre-post study to compare the proportion of men (aged 25-49 years) presenting for MMC during the formative (Phase 1) and intervention (Phase 2) phases in Ekurhuleni, Johannesburg, South Africa...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005328/venus-and-mars-on-the-benches-of-the-faculty-influence-of-gender-on-mental-health-and-behavior-of-medical-students-results-from-the-bourbon-national-study
#8
G Fond, A Bourbon, P Auquier, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Lançon, L Boyer
Medical student wellness has emerged as an important issue in medical education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gender influence on psychiatric and/or psychological follow-up, psychotropic and illicit drug consumption, addictive behaviors, quality of life and motives for consumption in a large multicentric national sample of medical students. METHODS: Medical students of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2017 and fulfilled Internet anonymized questionnaires...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005326/smoking-among-adults-with-serious-psychological-distress-analysis-of-anonymized-data-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-in-japan
#9
Masaki Fujiwara, Masatoshi Inagaki, Naoki Nakaya, Maiko Fujimori, Yuji Higuchi, Kyoko Kakeda, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
BACKGROUND: Smoking behavior among people with serious psychological distress (SPD) has not been fully investigated in Asia, although smoking has become a public health concern worldwide. Many Western population-based studies indicate that people with psychological distress are more likely to smoke. METHODS: This study used a national representative data set from the 2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions of Japan. SPD was defined as scores ≥13 or greater on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6)...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005010/gender-and-alcohol-use-influences-on-hiv-care-continuum-in-a-national-cohort-of-patients-with-hiv
#10
Theresa E Matson, Kathleen A Mcginnis, Anna D Rubinsky, Madeline C Frost, Maggie Czarnogorski, Kendall J Bryant, E Jennifer Edelman, Derek D Satre, Sheryl L Catz, Kara M Bensley, David A Fiellin, Amy C Justice, Emily C Williams
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether gender is associated with three recommended stages of the HIV care continuum and whether gender modifies known associations between level of alcohol use and HIV care among US veterans. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. METHODS: Veterans Aging Cohort Study data were used to identify Veterans Health Administration (VA) patients with HIV and AUDIT-C alcohol screening 2/1/2008-9/30/2014. Modified Poisson regression models estimated the relative risk and predicted prevalences of engagement in HIV care (documented CD4 cells/μl or viral load copies/mL lab values), ART treatment (≥1 prescription), and viral suppression (HIV RNA <500 copies/mL) in the year following AUDIT-C (1) for women compared to men, and (2) for each level of alcohol use compared to nondrinking among women and among men...
July 12, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004801/pleasure-and-risk-a-qualitative-study-of-sexual-behaviors-among-chinese-methamphetamine-users
#11
Liu Liu, Xiangnan Chai
In China, the number of methamphetamine (meth) users has increased dramatically in recent years. This issue has caused researchers to consider the association of meth use with public health concerns, such as the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Despite the potential outcomes of meth use, qualitative research has not as yet explored Chinese meth users' sexual experiences and feelings associated with meth use. To contribute to the literature, this study employed semistructured interviews to collect data from 19 female and 16 male Chinese meth users (mean age = 31) who were predominantly heterosexual and were recruited from seven compulsory drug treatment institutions in Eastern China...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004591/patients-with-urticaria-are-at-a-higher-risk-of-anaphylaxis-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#12
Su-Boon Yong, Huang-Hsi Chen, Jing-Yang Huang, James Cheng-Chung Wei
The clinical features of urticaria and anaphylaxis are similar, and they share common causal immune-mediated pathways. We aimed to investigate the risk of anaphylaxis among patients with urticaria. A 12-year population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted. Investigated subjects were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database by the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification. We included 126 031 subjects with newly diagnosed urticaria and 252 062 matched controls between 2000 and 2013...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003654/food-addiction-among-men-and-women-in-india
#13
Ashley A Wiedemann, Jessica L Lawson, Paige M Cunningham, Kathryn M Khalvati, Janet A Lydecker, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address a cultural gap in the food addiction (FA) literature by examining FA and associated clinical features in a nonclinical group of men and women residing in India. METHOD: Participants (N = 415) were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey about weight and eating. Participants completed self-report measures assessing FA (Yale Food Addiction Scale [YFAS]), eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire [EDE-Q]), health-related quality of life (Short Form Health Survey-12-item version [SF-12]), and depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2)...
July 12, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003238/assessment-of-lung-cancer-risk-on-the-basis-of-a-biomarker-panel-of-circulating-proteins
#14
Florence Guida, Nan Sun, Leonidas E Bantis, David C Muller, Peng Li, Ayumu Taguchi, Dilsher Dhillon, Deepali L Kundnani, Nikul J Patel, Qingxiang Yan, Graham Byrnes, Karel G M Moons, Anne Tjønneland, Salvatore Panico, Claudia Agnoli, Paolo Vineis, Domenico Palli, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Antonio Agudo, Jose M Huerta, Miren Dorronsoro, Miguel Rodriguez Barranco, Eva Ardanaz, Ruth C Travis, Karl Smith Byrne, Heiner Boeing, Annika Steffen, Rudolf Kaaks, Anika Hüsing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Carlo La Vecchia, Gianluca Severi, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Torkjel M Sandanger, Elisabete Weiderpass Vainio, Therese H Nøst, Kostas Tsilidis, Elio Riboli, Kjell Grankvist, Mikael Johansson, Gary E Goodman, Ziding Feng, Paul Brennan, Mattias Johansson, Samir M Hanash
Importance: There is an urgent need to improve lung cancer risk assessment because current screening criteria miss a large proportion of cases. Objective: To investigate whether a lung cancer risk prediction model based on a panel of selected circulating protein biomarkers can outperform a traditional risk prediction model and current US screening criteria. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prediagnostic samples from 108 ever-smoking patients with lung cancer diagnosed within 1 year after blood collection and samples from 216 smoking-matched controls from the Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET) cohort were used to develop a biomarker risk score based on 4 proteins (cancer antigen 125 [CA125], carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA], cytokeratin-19 fragment [CYFRA 21-1], and the precursor form of surfactant protein B [Pro-SFTPB])...
July 12, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003226/association-of-tinnitus-and-other-cochlear-disorders-with-a-history-of-migraines
#15
Juen-Haur Hwang, Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Tien-Chen Liu, Yi-Chun Chen, Jen-Tsung Lai
Importance: A headache is a symptom of a migraine, but not all patients with migraine have headaches. It is still unclear whether a migraine might increase the risk of cochlear disorders, even though a migraine does not occur concurrently with cochlear disorders. Objective: To investigate the risk of cochlear disorders for patients with a history of migraines. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used claims data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 to identify 1056 patients with migraines diagnosed between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2012...
July 12, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003217/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-treatment-response-among-aging-adults-with-voice-disorders-in-the-united-states
#16
Caitlin Bertelsen, Sheng Zhou, Edie R Hapner, Michael M Johns
Importance: Aging adults face unique barriers to care and have unique health care needs with a high prevalence of chronic conditions. A high proportion of individuals in this group have voice disorders, in part due to age-related changes in laryngeal anatomy and physiologic features. These disorders contribute significantly to health care costs and remain poorly understood. Objective: To describe sociodemographic characteristics and response to treatment among aging adults with voice disorders...
July 12, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003016/symptoms-of-depression-in-young-adulthood-is-associated-with-unfavorable-clinical-and-behavioral-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#17
Heidi Klakk, Peter Lund Kristensen, Lars Bo Andersen, Karsten Froberg, Niels Christian Møller, Anders Grøntved
Depression in young adults is a growing concern to public health. This study aims to investigate if depression status in young adults is related to clinical and behavioral cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Cross-sectional data from a population-based sample of young Danish adults participating in the European Youth Heart Study 2009-2010 were used to examine this (n = 644, mean age 24.3 years 47% male). Measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), body composition, blood pressure, fasting levels of high and low density lipids (HDL, LDL), insulin, and glucose were obtained...
September 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002988/age-of-onset-of-cannabis-use-and-decision-making-under-uncertainty
#18
Jose Ramón Alameda-Bailén, Pilar Salguero-Alcañiz, Ana Merchán-Clavellino, Susana Paíno-Quesada
Objective: Cannabis, like other substances, negatively affects health, inducing respiratory problems and mental and cognitive alterations. Memory and learning disorders, as well as executive dysfunctions, are also neuropsychological disorders associated to cannabis use. Recent evidence reveals that cannabis use during adolescence may disrupt the normal development of the brain. This study is aimed to analyze possible differences between early-onset and late-onset cannabis consumers. Method: We used a task based on a card game with four decks and different programs of gains/losses...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002856/adverse-effect-of-long-work-hours-on-incident-diabetes-in-7065-ontario-workers-followed-for-12-years
#19
Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Huiting Ma, Rick Glazier, Chantal Brisson, Cameron Mustard, Peter M Smith
Objective: According to the International Diabetes Federation, the most important challenge for prevention is now to identify social and environmental modifiable risk factors of diabetes. In this regard, long work hours have recently been linked with diabetes, but more high-quality prospective studies are needed. We evaluated the relationship between long work hours and the incidence of diabetes among 7065 workers over a 12-year period in Ontario, Canada. Research design and methods: Data from Ontario respondents (35-74 years of age) to the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey were prospectively linked to the Ontario Health Insurance Plan database for physician services and the Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database for hospital admissions...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002768/quality-of-life-and-depression-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
Magdalena Kopczyńska, Łukasz Mokros, Tadeusz Pietras, Ewa Małecka-Panas
Introduction: While irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not life-threatening for most, it has enormous influence on quality of life (QOL) and mental health. Aim: To evaluate the association between QOL and depressive symptoms in IBS patients. Material and methods: A total of 87 patients and 56 healthy subjects were enrolled consecutively. All participants were asked to complete self-administered questionnaires: an IBS-specific quality of life (IBS-QOL) questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory questionnaire (BDI)...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
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