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Men's health

Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, André Marchand, Richard Boyer, Alain Marchand, Marc Corbière, Stéphane Guay
Background: Serious violent acts (e.g. physical violence, robbery, sexual aggression and death threats) are among the most visible and notable examples of workplace violence. Although women are commonly found to be at higher risk for post-traumatic reactions following workplace violence, little is known as regards sex differences concerning the types of post-traumatic reactions and their predictors. Objective: This study aimed to describe sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Kristel Ehala-Aleksejev, Margus Punab
This study aimed to determine the effect of metabolic syndrome (MS) on the reproductive function in fertile (FM) and male partners of infertile couples (MPIC). We performed a cross-sectional study formatting two study groups: partners of pregnant women (n = 238; mean age 32.0) as FM and male partners of infertile couples (n = 2642; mean age 32.6) as MPIC. A standard semen analysis was performed and clinical, laboratory and lifestyle data were analysed. The adapted NCEP-ATPIII criteria were used to define MS...
2018: PloS One
Francisco Martín Rodríguez, Cristina Fernández Pérez, Miguel Castro Villamor, José Luis Martín Conty, Pedro Arnillas Gómez, Verónica Casado Vicente
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine the usefulness of level D personal protective equipment (PPE) in safeguarding health care staff who perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental, uncontrolled trial in 96 volunteers chosen randomly and stratified by sex, level of training, and professional category. The subjects were selected from a convenience sample of 164 nurses, physicians, and students of nursing and medicine (40 men [41...
2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
Elizabeth G Mosher, John A Butman, Les R Folio, Nadia M Biassou, Choonsik Lee
OBJECTIVE: Radiation exposure of the lens during neck CT may increase a patient's risk of developing cataracts. Radiologists at the National Institutes of Health worked with technicians to modify the neck CT scanning procedure to include a reduction in the scanning range, a reduction in the tube potential (kilovoltage), and a change in neck positioning using a head tilt. We objectively quantified the organ dose changes after this procedure modification using a computer simulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed CT images of 40 patients (20 men and 20 women) scanned before and after the procedure change...
March 16, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Kate O'Reilly, Kath Peters, Nathan Wilson, Cannas Kwok
BACKGROUND: Although more men than women sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI), approximately one quarter of people with TBIs are women. The experiences of TBI reported in the literature are informed from the masculine perspective and do not adequately represent women's experiences. Pragmatism provides an overarching methodological framework to explore and critique a broader perspective of health, including psychosocial, cultural, spiritual, political and environmental factors, while attempting to address gender inequity...
March 16, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Anna L Suominen, Sinikka Varsio, Sari Helminen, Anne Nordblad, Satu Lahti, Matti Knuuttila
OBJECTIVE: We assessed dental and periodontal health in adults aged ≥30 years living in southern and northern Finland as part of the Health 2000/2011 Surveys (BRIF8901). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical findings in 2000 (n = 2967) and 2011 (n = 1496) included the presence of teeth and number of teeth with caries, fillings, fractures or periodontal pockets. RESULTS: Edentulousness decreased in all age groups. The prevalence of those with no caries increased from 67% to 69% in men and from 80% to 85% in women, and of those with no periodontal pocketing from 26% to 30% in men and from 39% to 42% in women...
March 16, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Andrea L Metti, John R Best, C Elizabeth Shaaban, Mary Ganguli, Caterina Rosano
Background: physical function (PF) and physical activity (PA) both decline as adults age and have been linked to negative outcomes, including dementia, depression and cardiovascular diseases. Although declines in each are associated with numerous negative outcomes, the longitudinal relationship between these two measures is unclear. Objective: to examine the dynamic, bidirectional associations between declines in PF and PA. Design: prospective cohort...
March 13, 2018: Age and Ageing
Tuija Leskinen, Sari Stenholm, Ville Aalto, Jenny Head, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Background: physical activity promotes healthy aging. However, little is known about the relationship between physical activity levels and healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy (LE). The study aim was to examine healthy and chronic disease-free LE between ages 50 and 75 and across various levels of physical activity by sex and different occupational statuses. Methods: overall, 34,379 women (mean age 53.2 (SD 2.9) years) and 8,381 men (53.6 (SD 3.2) years) from the Finnish Public Sector study were categorized into five physical activity levels (inactive to vigorously active) according to self-reported physical activity and into three occupational statuses at the first observation point...
March 13, 2018: Age and Ageing
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Jenny M Cundiff, Karen P Jakubowski, Dustin A Pardini, Karen A Matthews
Background: Exposure to low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood predicts increased morbidity and mortality. However, little prospective evidence is available to test pathways linking low childhood SES to adult health. Purpose: In the current study, indirect effects through positive parenting in adolescence and adult SES were tested in the association between childhood SES and adult health behaviors and psychological resources. Methods: Men (n = 305; 53% Black) were followed longitudinally from ages 7 to 32...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Thomas Lange, Kathrin Budde, Georg Homuth, Gabi Kastenmüller, Anna Artati, Jan Krumsiek, Henry Völzke, Jerzy Adamski, Astrid Petersmann, Uwe Völker, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Maik Pietzner
Objective: Thyroid hormones are ubiqiutiously involved in human metabolism. However, the precise molecular patterns associated with alterations in thyroid hormones levels remain to be explored in detail. A number of recent studies took great advantage of metabolomics profiling to outline metabolic actions of thyroid hormones in humans. Methods: Among 952 participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania data on serum free thyroxine (FT4) and thyrotropin (TSH) as well as comprehensive (non-)targeted metabolomics data of plasma and urine samples were available...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Elizabeth A McConnell, Patrick Janulis, Gregory Phillips, Roky Truong, Michelle Birkett
Minority stress theory has widespread research support in explaining health disparities experienced by sexual and gender minorities. However, less is known about how minority stress impacts multiply marginalized groups, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people of color (LGBT POC). Also, although research has documented resilience in the face of minority stress at the individual level, research is needed that examines macro-level processes such as community resilience (Meyer, 2015). In the current study, we integrate minority stress theory and intersectionality theory to examine multiple minority stress (i...
March 2018: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Pedro Moreira, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Patrícia Padrão
Background: We aimed to describe urinary sodium and potassium excretion and their ratio in a representative sample of Portuguese elderly population, according to sociodemographic characteristics and weight status. Methods: A cluster sampling approach was used, representing older Portuguese adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education level, and regional area within the Nutrition UP 65 study. This cross-sectional evaluation was conducted in 2015 and 2016...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Cheon Tae Kim, Tae-Ok Kim, Hong-Joon Shin, Young Chun Ko, Yeong Hun Choe, Hak-Ryul Kim, Yong-Soo Kwon
Relatively little is known about the efficacy and safety of the programmatic use of bedaquiline and delamanid in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment. This study evaluated 61 patients with MDR-TB treated with bedaquiline (n=39), delamanid (n=11), or both, either sequentially (n=10) or in co-administration (n=1), for more than 1 month, combined with a World Health Organization-recommended regimen. Of these, 49 (80.3%) were men and 12 (19.7%) were women. The median age was 53 years (interquartile range [IQR]=38...
March 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Marguerite M Nyhan, Brent A Coull, Annelise J Blomberg, Carol L Z Vieira, Eric Garshick, Abdulaziz Aba, Pantel Vokonas, Diane R Gold, Joel Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular effects of low-level environmental radiation exposures are poorly understood. Although particulate matter (PM) has been linked to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and elevated blood pressure (BP), the properties promoting its toxicity remain uncertain. Addressing a knowledge gap, we evaluated whether BP increased with higher exposures to radioactive components of ambient PM, herein referred to as particle radioactivity (PR). METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a repeated-measures analysis of 852 men to examine associations between PR exposure and BP using mixed-effects regression models...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
John S Wiener, Dominic C Frimberger, Hadley Wood
Until recently, spina bifida has been regarded a pediatric health issue, and adult consequences of the disorder have not been explored. The congenital neurologic and urologic anomalies, as well as sequelae of bladder management, can have a profound impact on adult male sexual function. Abnormalities in testicular descent, testicular development and function, fertility, penile sensation, erectile function, ejaculatory function, and orgasmic function are common in this population. These adults have substantial gaps in knowledge in normal sexual function and potential dysfunction as it relates to them specifically...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, P Babu Balagopal, Raquel D O Conceição, Raul D Santos, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Structured regular exercise programs decrease high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of low-grade inflammation in adults. Longitudinal effects of self-initiated physical activity levels (PAL) on hsCRP are less clear. This study evaluated the association of longitudinal changes in hsCRP in relation to modifications in PAL, over time, in a large sample of adults. METHODS: Participants included 5030 adults, 4045 (80%) males, undergoing routine health screening examinations...
February 8, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Mathieu Goyette, Jorge Flores-Aranda, Karine Bertrand, Frédérick Pronovost, Valérie Aubut, Roberto Ortiz, Marianne Saint-Jacques
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have distinctive substance use (SU), which is more often linked to a sexual context than it is for their heterosexual peers. Screening of MSM's SU, its sexual contexts and the associated risks, is of clinical and public health concern. This paper aims to describe the preliminary development of a screening tool for health-risk sexual behaviours related to SU and to make recommendations for its potential use. Methods: Community-based participatory research and transdisciplinary approaches guided the development process...
March 16, 2018: Sexual Health
Jennifer Power, Gosia Mikołajczak, Adam Bourne, Graham Brown, William Leonard, Anthony Lyons, Gary W Dowsett, Jayne Lucke
Background: This paper explores associations between use of party-and-play drugs, including crystal methamphetamine, and wellbeing among HIV positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia. This study considers whether use of drugs in a social or sex-based setting facilitates access to social and support networks, which may in turn support wellbeing. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of Australian people living with HIV (PLHIV) was conducted. There were 714 participants (79.7%) who identified as GBM. Differences between party-and-play drug users and non-users were examined using bivariate and multinomial logistic regressions...
March 16, 2018: Sexual Health
Wendy Si Hassen, Katia Castetbon, Sandrine Péneau, Christine Tichit, Anouar Nechba, Aurélie Lampuré, France Bellisle, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
BACKGROUND: Few studies have specifically focused on demographic and socio-economic characteristics associated with snacking in adults, whereas their identification could be useful for defining effective public health measures. The aim of our study was to assess the associations of these factors with daily snacking behavior and its dietary quality. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 84,692 women and 23,491 men from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Occurrence of snacking, energy intake from snacks, snack nutrient, and energy densities were assessed using 24-h dietary records of weekdays at baseline...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Dae-Hyun Kim, Deok-Soo Lee, Hyun-Wook Nah, Jae-Kwan Cha
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of patients with mild ischemic stroke become disabled despite receiving intravenous thrombolytic therapy. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological factors associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with minor ischemic stroke that received intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy. METHODS: We identified anterior circulation stroke patients with initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores ≤5 who received intravenous thrombolysis within 4...
March 15, 2018: BMC Neurology
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