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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852690/maternal-use-of-mild-analgesics-during-pregnancy-associated-with-reduced-anogenital-distance-in-sons-a-cohort-study-of-1027-mother-child-pairs
#1
Dorte Vesterholm Lind, Katharina M Main, Henriette Boye Kyhl, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Jorma Toppari, Helle Raun Andersen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Niels E Skakkebæk, Tina Kold Jensen
STUDY QUESTION: Is maternal use of mild analgesics in pregnancy associated with anogenital distance (AGD)-the distance from the anus to the genitals-in the offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Maternal use of mild analgesics [especially simultaneous use of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)] during pregnancy was associated with a shorter AGD in boys whereas no effect was found in girls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mild analgesics including paracetamol (acetaminophen) and NSAIDs (e...
November 16, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678342/the-effectiveness-acceptability-and-cost-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-maltreated-children-and-adolescents-an-evidence-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Geraldine Macdonald, Nuala Livingstone, Jennifer Hanratty, Claire McCartan, Richard Cotmore, Maria Cary, Danya Glaser, Sarah Byford, Nicky J Welton, Tania Bosqui, Lucy Bowes, Suzanne Audrey, Gill Mezey, Helen L Fisher, Wendy Riches, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a substantial social problem that affects large numbers of children and young people in the UK, resulting in a range of significant short- and long-term psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise evidence of the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of interventions addressing the adverse consequences of child maltreatment. STUDY DESIGN: For effectiveness, we included any controlled study...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631756/quality-of-care-in-a-safe-abortion-hotline-in-indonesia-beyond-harm-reduction
#3
Caitlin Gerdts, Inna Hudaya
OBJECTIVES: To examine services offered by safe-abortion hotlines in contexts in which abortion is legally restricted and to document the experiences of women contacting a safe-abortion hotline in Indonesia. METHODS: We analyzed 1829 first-time contacts to a safe-abortion hotline in Indonesia as a part of routine service provision between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014. RESULTS: Nearly one third (29.9%) of initial contacts reported their age as between 18 and 24 years, and most (51...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577021/overall-and-abortion-related-maternal-mortality-rates-in-uruguay-over-the-past-25years-and-their-association-with-policies-and-actions-aimed-at-protecting-women-s-rights
#4
Leonel Briozzo, Rodolfo Gómez Ponce de León, Giselle Tomasso, Anibal Faúndes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in maternal mortality rates in Uruguay over the past 25years, as well as their distribution by cause, and their temporal relationship with social changes and Human Development Index (HDI) indicators. METHODS: Data on maternal mortality obtained directly from the Uruguayan Ministry of Public Health for the 2001 to 2015 period were analyzed together with data from the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation for the 1990 to 2015 period...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553118/integrated-pest-management-intervention-in-child-care-centers-improves-knowledge-pest-control-and-practices
#5
Abbey Alkon, Sahar Nouredini, Alicia Swartz, Andrew Mason Sutherland, Michelle Stephens, Nita A Davidson, Roberta Rose
INTRODUCTION: To reduce young children's exposure to pests and pesticides, an integrated pest management (IPM) intervention was provided for child care center staff. METHODS: The 7-month IPM education and consultation intervention was conducted by trained nurse child care health consultants in 44 child care centers in California. IPM knowledge surveys were completed by child care staff, objective IPM assessments were completed by research assistants pre- and postintervention, and activity logs were completed by the nurses...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540232/impact-of-a-computerised-outpatient-prescription-printing-system-copps-on-melatonin-prescribing-in-a-community-child-health-clinic
#6
Liz Webb, Jum Skingle
AIM: COPPS is a computerised outpatient prescription printing system for WP10 prescriptions. It aims to improve the quality and safety of service, as patients will be provided with a legible, complete prescription to take to a community pharmacy of their choice. Patients requiring specialist medicines will have their medicines dispensed more promptly by the hospital pharmacy or medicines home care provider. The software ensures prescriptions contain all the required information to allow safe dispensing, reducing frequency of delays...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417684/i-am-just-a-maae-mother-experiences-of-mothers-injecting-drugs-in-thailand
#7
Niphattra Haritavorn
Mothers who use drugs face much discriminatory action as society in general finds female drug users' modes of caring for their children unacceptable. In this article, I explore the ways in which Thai women's injecting practices revolve around the role of mother 'maae' and the ways they employ tactics to challenge the motherhood discourse. This article draws on in-depth interviews with 30 Thai mothers injecting drugs. Thai mothers injecting drugs struggled with stigma and self-blame. They internalise the values of the mother 'maae', that is, what the mother is supposed to be; attempting to combine their drug use with their parental responsibilities...
September 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392007/exploring-the-potential-of-a-family-based-prevention-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-use-and-violence-within-hiv-affected-families-in-rwanda
#8
Sumona Chaudhury, Felicity L Brown, Catherine M Kirk, Sylvere Mukunzi, Beatha Nyirandagijimana, Josee Mukandanga, Christian Ukundineza, Kalisa Godfrey, Lauren C Ng, Robert T Brennan, Theresa S Betancourt
HIV-affected families report higher rates of harmful alcohol use, intimate partner violence (IPV) and family conflict, which can have detrimental effects on children. Few evidence-based interventions exist to address these complex issues in Sub-Saharan Africa. This mixed methods study explores the potential of a family-based intervention to reduce IPV, family conflict and problems related to alcohol use to promote child mental health and family functioning within HIV-affected families in post-genocide Rwanda...
March 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231056/maternal-supplementation-with-a-megadose-of-vitamin-a-reduces-colostrum-level-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
E C Grilo, W F Medeiros, A G A Silva, C S S Gurgel, H M M Ramalho, R Dimenstein
BACKGROUND: Maternal supplementation with vitamin A is one of the strategies for controlling its deficiency in the mother-child dyad, although studies with animals showed that supplementation with high doses of vitamin A reduces the levels of α-tocopherol (vitamin E) in the mother's serum and milk. The objective of the present study was to assess the influence of maternal supplementation with vitamin A on the concentration of retinol and α-tocopherol in human milk. METHODS: Healthy puerperal women were randomly distributed into a control group (n = 44) and a supplemented group (n = 44)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098215/development-and-testing-of-a-computerized-decision-support-system-to-facilitate-brief-tobacco-cessation-treatment-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-proposal-and-protocol
#10
E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Judith W Dexheimer, Jane C Khoury, Julie A Miller, Judith S Gordon
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is unequivocally harmful to children's health, yet up to 48% of children who visit the pediatric emergency department (PED) and urgent care setting are exposed to tobacco smoke. The incorporation of clinical decision support systems (CDSS) into the electronic health records (EHR) of PED patients may improve the rates of screening and brief TSE intervention of caregivers and result in decreased TSE in children. OBJECTIVE: We propose a study that will be the first to develop and evaluate the integration of a CDSS for Registered Nurses (RNs) into the EHR of pediatric patients to facilitate the identification of caregivers who smoke and the delivery of TSE interventions to caregivers in the urgent care setting...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015720/dialectical-behavior-therapy-compared-with-enhanced-usual-care-for-adolescents-with-repeated-suicidal-and-self-harming-behavior-outcomes-over-a-one-year-follow-up
#11
Lars Mehlum, Maria Ramberg, Anita J Tørmoen, Egil Haga, Lien M Diep, Barbara H Stanley, Alec L Miller, Anne M Sund, Berit Grøholt
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a 1-year prospective follow-up study of posttreatment clinical outcomes in adolescents with recent and repetitive self-harm who had been randomly allocated to receive 19 weeks of either dialectical behavior therapy adapted for adolescents (DBT-A) or enhanced usual care (EUC) at community child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinics. METHOD: Assessments of self-harm, suicidal ideation, depression, hopelessness, borderline symptoms, and global level of functioning were made at the end of the 19-week treatment period and at follow-up 1 year later...
April 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970589/maternal-dietary-exposure-to-dioxins-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-is-associated-with-language-delay-in-3year-old-norwegian-children
#12
I H Caspersen, M Haugen, S Schjølberg, K Vejrup, H K Knutsen, A L Brantsæter, H M Meltzer, J Alexander, P Magnus, H E Kvalem
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to dioxins and PCBs is potentially harmful to the developing fetus and may increase the risk of delayed or impaired neurodevelopment. Several studies have reported negative associations between prenatal exposure to these compounds and aspects of cognition related to language in early childhood. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine the association between maternal low level dietary exposure to dioxins and PCB during pregnancy and language development in 3year old children in a large group of mother-child pairs participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
May 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841022/antenatal-corticosteroids-for-reducing-adverse-maternal-and-child-outcomes-in-special-populations-of-women-at-risk-of-imminent-preterm-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Rachel M Amiya, Linda B Mlunde, Erika Ota, Toshiyuki Swa, Olufemi T Oladapo, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: This study synthesizes available evidence on antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) use among special subgroups of women at risk of imminent preterm birth, including those (1) with pregestational and gestational diabetes mellitus, (2) undergoing elective caesarean section (CS) in late preterm (34 to<37 weeks), (3) with chorioamnionitis, and (4) with growth-restricted fetuses. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, POPLINE, and World Health Organization Regional Databases was conducted for all comparative studies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677905/progestogens-in-the-prevention-of-miscarriage
#14
Howard J A Carp
Progestational agents are often prescribed to prevent threatened miscarriage progressing to miscarriage, and subsequent miscarriages in recurrent pregnancy loss. Progestogens affect implantation, cytokine balance, natural killer cell activity, arachidonic acid release and myometrial contractility. A recent Cochrane review reported that progestogens were effective for treating threatened miscarriage with no harmful effects on mother or fetus. The results were not statistically different when vaginal progesterone was compared to placebo, (RR=0...
August 1, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26617214/certolizumab-treatment-during-late-pregnancy-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-low-drug-levels-in-cord-blood-but-possible-risk-for-maternal-infections-a-case-series-of-13-patients
#15
Frauke Förger, Astrid Zbinden, Peter M Villiger
OBJECTIVE: Due to reduction of immune-suppressive drugs, patients with rheumatic diseases can experience an increase in disease activity during pregnancy. In such cases, TNF-inhibitors may be prescribed. However, monoclonal antibodies with the Fc moiety are actively transported across the placenta, resulting in therapeutic drug levels in the newborn. As certolizumab (CZP) lacks the Fc moiety, it may bear a lower risk for the child. METHOD: We report a case series of thirteen patients (5 with rheumatoid arthritis and 8 with spondyloarthritis) treated with CZP during late pregnancy to control disease activity...
May 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26368508/review-of-the-different-treatments-and-management-for-prostate-cancer-and-fertility
#16
REVIEW
Stéphanie Tran, Romain Boissier, Jeanne Perrin, Gilles Karsenty, Eric Lechevallier
OBJECTIVE: To compare the options available for prostate cancer management and their consequences on fertility for men, in order to best advise these men to choose their treatment, especially if they are young, with no child with their current partner. METHODS: A literature review on prostate cancer and fertility over the last 26 years was carried out on PubMed database. The literature was based on evidence and practical considerations. Twenty-nine articles were selected according to their relevance...
November 2015: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26159392/controversies-in-faith-and-health-care
#17
REVIEW
Andrew Tomkins, Jean Duff, Atallah Fitzgibbon, Azza Karam, Edward J Mills, Keith Munnings, Sally Smith, Shreelata Rao Seshadri, Avraham Steinberg, Robert Vitillo, Philemon Yugi
Differences in religious faith-based viewpoints (controversies) on the sanctity of human life, acceptable behaviour, health-care technologies and health-care services contribute to the widespread variations in health care worldwide. Faith-linked controversies include family planning, child protection (especially child marriage, female genital mutilation, and immunisation), stigma and harm reduction, violence against women, sexual and reproductive health and HIV, gender, end-of-life issues, and faith activities including prayer...
October 31, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26099233/antibiotics-for-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Sharon L Sanders, Paul P Glasziou, Chris B Del Mar, Maroeska M Rovers
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common diseases in early infancy and childhood. Antibiotic use for AOM varies from 56% in the Netherlands to 95% in the USA, Canada and Australia. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 1, 1997 and previously updated in 1999, 2005, 2009 and 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics for children with AOM. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (2015, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to April week 3, 2015), OLDMEDLINE (1958 to 1965), EMBASE (January 1990 to April 2015), Current Contents (1966 to April 2015), CINAHL (2008 to April 2015) and LILACS (2008 to April 2015)...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26062038/what-is-the-relationship-between-risky-outdoor-play-and-health-in-children-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Mariana Brussoni, Rebecca Gibbons, Casey Gray, Takuro Ishikawa, Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter, Adam Bienenstock, Guylaine Chabot, Pamela Fuselli, Susan Herrington, Ian Janssen, William Pickett, Marlene Power, Nick Stanger, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
Risky outdoor play has been associated with promoting children's health and development, but also with injury and death. Risky outdoor play has diminished over time, concurrent with increasing concerns regarding child safety and emphasis on injury prevention. We sought to conduct a systematic review to examine the relationship between risky outdoor play and health in children, in order to inform the debate regarding its benefits and harms. We identified and evaluated 21 relevant papers for quality using the GRADE framework...
June 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26038640/child-poverty-ways-forward-for-the-paediatrician-a-comprehensive-overview-of-poverty-reduction-strategies-requiring-paediatric-support
#20
REVIEW
Suparna Sharma, Elizabeth Ford-Jones
The harmful effects of child poverty are well documented. Despite this, progress in poverty reduction in Canada has been slow. A significant gap exists between what is known about eradicating poverty and its implementation. Paediatricians can play an important role in bridging this gap by understanding and advancing child poverty reduction. Establishment of a comprehensive national poverty reduction plan is essential to improving progress. The present review identifies the key components of an effective poverty reduction strategy...
May 2015: Paediatrics & Child Health
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