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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370717/e-cigarette-use-of-young-adults-motivations-and-associations-with-combustible-cigarette-alcohol-marijuana-and-other-illicit-drugs
#1
Jeff R Temple, Ryan C Shorey, Yu Lu, Elizabeth Torres, Gregory L Stuart, Vi D Le
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults has caught up to or eclipsed that of combustible cigarette use, there is relatively little known about (a) the link between e-cigarettes and other substances and (b) the reasons underlying this increase in e-cigarette use. To address this gap in knowledge, the current study examined associations between e-cigarette use and other substances and identified motives for e-cigarette use among young adults...
March 31, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325535/age-is-just-a-number-wpath-affiliated-surgeons-experiences-and-attitudes-toward-vaginoplasty-in-transgender-females-under-18-years-of-age-in-the-united-states
#2
Christine Milrod, Dan H Karasic
BACKGROUND: A rising number of female-affirmed transgender adolescents are being treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues and subsequently cross-sex hormones at early or mid-puberty, with vaginoplasty as the presumed final step in their physical transition. But, despite the minimum age of 18 years defining eligibility to undergo this irreversible procedure, anecdotal reports have shown that vaginoplasties are being performed on minors by surgeons in the United States, thereby contravening the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) standards of care (SOC)...
April 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#3
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049113/update-on-pediatric-overuse
#4
Eric R Coon, Paul C Young, Ricardo A Quinonez, Daniel J Morgan, Sanket S Dhruva, Alan R Schroeder
As concerns over health care-related harms and costs continue to mount, efforts to identify and combat medical overuse are needed. Although much of the recent attention has focused on health care for adults, children are also harmed by overuse. Using a structured PubMed search and manual tables of contents review, we identified important articles on pediatric overuse published in 2015. These articles were evaluated according to the quality of the methods, the magnitude of clinical effect, and the number of patients potentially affected and were categorized into overdiagnosis, overtreatment, and overutilization...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997660/serologic-screening-for-genital-herpes-an-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#5
REVIEW
Cynthia Feltner, Catherine Grodensky, Charles Ebel, Jennifer C Middleton, Russell P Harris, Mahima Ashok, Daniel E Jonas
Importance: Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection. Vertical transmission of HSV can lead to fetal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To assess the evidence on serologic screening and preventive interventions for genital HSV infection in asymptomatic adults and adolescents to support the US Preventive Services Task Force for an updated recommendation statement. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries through March 31, 2016...
December 20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956942/obesity-and-hypertensive-heart-disease-focus-on-body-composition-and-sex-differences
#6
REVIEW
Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Raffaele Izzo, Maria Angela Losi, L Aldo Ferrara
There is evidence that hypertension is frequently associated with overweight/obesity even in kids and adolescents. Either conditions influence development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH), through different biological and hemodynamic mechanisms: obesity is conventionally thought to elicit a coherent growth of LV chamber dimensions and myocardial wall thickness (eccentric LV geometry), whereas a more accentuated increase in wall-thickness (concentric LV geometry) is attributed to hypertension. While during youth these differences are visible, proportion of LV concentric geometry, the most harmful LV geometric pattern, sharply raises in obese individuals during middle age, and becomes the most frequent geometric patterns among obese-hypertensive individuals...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#7
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869972/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-care-in-school-continuity-of-adolescents-in-social-vulnerability
#8
Tassiane Cristine Santos de Paula, Fernanda Gonçalves Moreira, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
OBJECTIVE: to study the effectiveness of a psychosocial care program in school continuity of adolescents in social vulnerability. METHODS: this was a retrospective cohort study involving 200 adolescents assisted in a multidisciplinary intervention program with harm reduction approach, from 2007 to 2012; the intervention effect was assessed using Poisson regression models. RESULTS: 200 adolescents were included in the program; 116 of them continued and 84 dropped it; 74...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782782/uneven-reductions-in-high-school-students-alcohol-use-from-2007-to-2012-by-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-strata
#9
Nicki Jackson, Simon Denny, Janie Sheridan, Terry Fleming, Terryann Clark, Roshini Peiris-John, Shanthi Ameratunga
BACKGROUND: Many Western countries have reported declines in adolescent alcohol use. This study examined changes in adolescent alcohol use in New Zealand between 2007 and 2012 and explored variations across sociodemographic strata. METHODS: Data from 2 nationally representative, cross-sectional high school surveys conducted in 2007 (n = 7709) and 2012 (n = 7266) were examined. Changes in the prevalence of drinking in the past 4 weeks were examined among the total sample, as well as the frequency of drinking in the past 4 weeks and typical drinking-occasion quantity among drinkers...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720453/-new-patterns-of-substance-use-and-abuse-among-french-adolescents-a-knowledge-synthesis
#10
G Jeanne, D Purper-Ouakil, H Rigole, N Franc
AIM: There have been significant changes in adolescent consumption habits over the past fifteen years. New molecules have been synthesized, new devices created and a number of products have increased in popularity; and as a result clinicians sometimes lack information. We chose to focus on this population because of its vulnerability, as adolescents show low sensitivity to long-term outcomes of their actions and may be easily influenced by peers as regards experimentation of new drugs...
October 6, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678342/the-effectiveness-acceptability-and-cost-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-maltreated-children-and-adolescents-an-evidence-synthesis
#11
REVIEW
Geraldine Macdonald, Nuala Livingstone, Jennifer Hanratty, Claire McCartan, Richard Cotmore, Maria Cary, Danya Glaser, Sarah Byford, Nicky J Welton, Tania Bosqui, Lucy Bowes, Suzanne Audrey, Gill Mezey, Helen L Fisher, Wendy Riches, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a substantial social problem that affects large numbers of children and young people in the UK, resulting in a range of significant short- and long-term psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise evidence of the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of interventions addressing the adverse consequences of child maltreatment. STUDY DESIGN: For effectiveness, we included any controlled study...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621413/brief-primary-care-obesity-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Leslie A Sim, Jocelyn Lebow, Zhen Wang, Afton Koball, M Hassan Murad
CONTEXT: Although practice guidelines suggest that primary care providers working with children and adolescents incorporate BMI surveillance and counseling into routine practice, the evidence base for this practice is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of brief, primary care interventions for pediatric weight management on BMI. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CENTRAL, Embase, PsycInfo, and CINAHL were searched for relevant publications from January 1976 to March 2016 and cross-referenced with published studies...
October 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601057/-f-ck-it-let-s-get-to-drinking-poison-our-livers-a-thematic-analysis-of-alcohol-content-in-contemporary-youtube-musicvideos
#13
Jo Cranwell, John Britton, Manpreet Bains
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to describe the portrayal of alcohol content in popular YouTube music videos. METHOD: We used inductive thematic analysis to explore the lyrics and visual imagery in 49 UK Top 40 songs and music videos previously found to contain alcohol content and watched by many British adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years and to examine if branded content contravened alcohol industry advertising codes of practice. RESULTS: The analysis generated three themes...
February 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570848/non-therapeutic-infant-male-circumcision-evidence-ethics-and-international-law-perspectives
#14
Abdullah Alkhenizan, Kossay Elabd
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence of the benefits and harms of infant male circumcision, and the legal and ethical perspectives of infant male circumcision. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the literature using PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library up to June 2015. We searched the medical law literature using the Westlaw and Lexis Library law literature resources up to June 2015. RESULTS: Male circumcision significantly reduced the risk of urinary tract infections by 87%...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567561/alcohol-use-risk-in-adolescents-2-years-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Meg H Zeller, Gia A Washington, James E Mitchell, David B Sarwer, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Todd M Jenkins, Anita P Courcoulas, James L Peugh, Marc P Michalsky, Thomas H Inge
BACKGROUND: Problematic alcohol use and increased sensitivity postoperatively in adult weight loss surgery patients heightens concerns. No data have characterized these behaviors in adolescents-a gap, given adolescent alcohol use and heavy drinking are public health concerns. OBJECTIVE: To examine alcohol use behavior in adolescents who underwent weight loss surgery across the first two post-operative years in comparison to nonsurgical adolescents. SETTING: Five academic medical centers...
January 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566999/decreasing-adolescent-drinking-is-there-evidence-of-a-continuation-into-future-adult-cohorts-apc-analysis-of-adolescent-drinking-in-finland-1983-2013
#16
Tomi Lintonen, Janne Härkönen, Kirsimarja Raitasalo, Tommi Härkänen, Pia Mäkelä
AIMS: Unlike adults, abstaining has increased and regular use of alcohol has decreased among 12-16-year-olds over the past two decades. The paper studies whether these developments will be continued as the adolescent cohorts come of age. METHODS: The Adolescent Health and Lifestyle Survey is a nationally representative monitoring system of the health habits of 12-, 14-, 16-, and 18-year-old Finns, conducted biannually between 1981 and 2013. The prevalence of alcohol use and drunkenness were measured for each 5-year cohort born in 1967-1995...
August 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542198/the-effectiveness-of-adolescent-specific-prenatal-interventions-on-improving-attendance-and-reducing-harm-during-and-after-birth-a-systematic-review
#17
Brenda Tibingana-Ahimbisibwe, Catherine Katabira, Lena Mpalampa, Roger A Harrison
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy has been associated with poor pregnancy outcomes including pre-term birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and perinatal death. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effect of adolescent-specific interventions on reducing PTB, LBW, and perinatal death and increasing prenatal care attendance. SEARCH STRATEGY: Possible studies for inclusion were identified by a comprehensive search of OvidSP MEDLINE (limits: humans, 1990-present), EMBASE (limits: humans, 1990-2015), Popline and Global Health Database from the World Health Organisation (WHO) and PubMed International scientific databases, and references of identified articles were searched from 1990 to present...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532919/lipid-screening-in-childhood-and-adolescence-for-detection-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#18
REVIEW
Paula Lozano, Nora B Henrikson, John Dunn, Caitlin C Morrison, Matt Nguyen, Paula R Blasi, Melissa L Anderson, Evelyn P Whitlock
IMPORTANCE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by elevated cholesterol concentrations early in life. Untreated FH is associated with premature cardiovascular disease in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on benefits and harms of screening adolescents and children for heterozygous FH for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PubMed were searched for studies published between January 1, 2005, and June 2, 2015; studies included in a previous USPSTF report were also searched...
August 9, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473123/anticipating-and-addressing-event-specific-alcohol-consumption-among-adolescents
#19
Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni, Michelle I Jongenelis
BACKGROUND: Various specific events and celebrations are associated with excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. End-of-school celebrations such as Schoolies in Australia are of particular concern given high levels of documented harm among underage and young drinkers. The present study investigated high school students' expectations of their Schoolies celebrations to inform future interventions to reduce adverse outcomes among members of this vulnerable group and other young people involved in similar rites of passage...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459669/review-article-effectiveness-of-ultra-brief-interventions-in-the-emergency-department-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rosemary A McGinnes, Jennie E Hutton, Tracey J Weiland, Daniel M Fatovich, Diana Egerton-Warburton
To assess the effectiveness of ultra-brief interventions (ultra-BI) or technology-involved preventive measures in the ED to reduce alcohol harm and risky drinking. Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and EBM reviews were searched for articles published between 1996 and 2015. Randomised controlled trials and quasi-randomised trials, which compared an ultra-BI with screening, standard care or minimal intervention for adults and adolescents at risk for alcohol-related harm presenting to an ED, were included. Outcomes of interest were frequency of alcohol consumption, quantity of alcohol consumed, binge drinking and ED representation...
December 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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