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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318284/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#1
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine of unknown cause with a Cobb angle of at least 10°, occurs in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form and usually worsens during adolescence before skeletal maturity. Severe spinal curvature may be associated with adverse long-term health outcomes (eg, pulmonary disorders, disability, back pain, psychological effects, cosmetic issues, and reduced quality of life)...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318283/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#2
John Dunn, Nora B Henrikson, Caitlin C Morrison, Paula R Blasi, Matt Nguyen, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), a spinal curvature of 10° or more, is the most common form of scoliosis, with a prevalence of 1% to 3%. Curves progress in approximately two-thirds of patients with AIS before skeletal maturity, and large curves (>50°) may be associated with adverse health outcomes. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of AIS screening for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Data Sources: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, ERIC, PubMed, CINAHL, and relevant systematic reviews were searched for studies published from January 1966 to October 20, 2016; studies included in a previous USPSTF report were also reviewed...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273844/attitudes-perceptions-and-use-of-marijuana-in-youth-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
J Nicholas Brenton, Teri Schreiner, Krystle Karoscik, Meg Richter, Samantha Ferrante, Amy Waldman, Brenda Banwell
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a negative impact on cognition and brain volume in marijuana-using adult multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy adolescents. Given that onset of MS during childhood and adolescence negatively impacts brain growth and the normal maturation of neuronal networks, the addition of marijuana exposure in these youth may be even more harmful. OBJECTIVE: Determine attitudes toward and prevalence of recreational marijuana use in MS youth...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248093/-it-has-changed-understanding-change-in-a-parenting-program-in-south-africa
#4
Jenny Doubt, Rachel Bray, Heidi Loening-Voysey, Lucie Cluver, Jasmina Byrne, Divane Nzima, Barnaby King, Yulia Shenderovich, Janina Steinert, Sally Medley
BACKGROUND: Poor parenting that leads to child maltreatment during adolescence presents a major public health burden. Research from high-income countries indicates that evidence-based parenting program interventions can reduce child maltreatment. Much less is known, however, about how beneficiaries of these programs experience this process of change. Understanding the process that brings about change in child maltreatment practices is essential to understanding intervention mechanisms of change...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093819/the-impact-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-sub-threshold-borderline-personality-disorder-on-the-course-of-self-reported-and-clinician-rated-depression-in-self-harming-adolescents
#5
Ruth-Kari Ramleth, Berit Groholt, Lien M Diep, Fredrik A Walby, Lars Mehlum
Background: Studies on adults suggest that the presence of comorbid depression and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is associated with an elevated risk of self-harming behaviours and that self-harming behaviours, when present, will have higher severity. This comorbidity, furthermore, complicates clinical assessments, which may be an obstacle to early identification and proper intervention. Adolescents who self-harm frequently report high levels of depressive symptoms, but this is often not reflected in the clinicians' assessment...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972652/shared-decision-making-for-people-with-asthma
#6
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Poonam Malik, Krishnan Aniruddhan, Rebecca Normansell
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways and is common in both adults and children. It is characterised by symptoms including wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. People with asthma may be helped to manage their condition through shared decision-making (SDM). SDM involves at least two participants (the medical practitioner and the patient) and mutual sharing of information, including the patient's values and preferences, to build consensus about favoured treatment that culminates in an agreed action...
October 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969653/association-between-parent-attitudes-and-receipt-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-adolescents
#7
Jeffrey J VanWormer, Casper G Bendixsen, Elizabeth R Vickers, Shannon Stokley, Michael M McNeil, Julianne Gee, Edward A Belongia, Huong Q McLean
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage rates remain low. This is believed to reflect parental hesitancy, but few studies have examined how changes in parents' attitudes impact HPV vaccine uptake. This study examined the association between changes in parents' vaccine attitudes and HPV vaccine receipt in their adolescent children. METHODS: A baseline and 1-year follow-up survey of HPV vaccine attitudes was administered to parents of 11-17 year olds who had not completed the HPV vaccine series...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900686/changes-in-marijuana-use-symptoms-and-emotional-functioning-over-28-days-of-monitored-abstinence-in-adolescent-marijuana-users
#8
Joanna Jacobus, Lindsay M Squeglia, Silvia Escobar, Benjamin M McKenna, Margie Mejia Hernandez, Kara S Bagot, Charles T Taylor, Marilyn A Huestis
RATIONALE: Advancing marijuana prevention and intervention efforts are important given the decreasing perception of harm among adolescents and increasing marijuana legalization. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates how a monitored abstinence protocol may contribute to emotional functioning and changes in marijuana problems that can enhance successful outcomes for non-treatment-seeking adolescent marijuana users. METHODS: Adolescent marijuana users (n = 26) and demographically matched controls (n = 30) completed 28 days of monitored abstinence confirmed by biweekly urine toxicology...
December 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#9
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
November 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802674/the-yusuf-peto-method-was-not-a-robust-method-for-meta-analyses-of-rare-events-data-from-antidepressant-trials
#10
Tarang Sharma, Peter C Gøtzsche, Oliver Kuss
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to identify the validity of effect estimates for serious rare adverse events in clinical study reports of antidepressants trials, across different meta-analysis methods. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Four serious rare adverse events (all-cause mortality, suicidality, aggressive behavior, and akathisia) were meta-analyzed using different methods. The Yusuf-Peto odds ratio ignores studies with no events and was compared with the alternative approaches of generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs), conditional logistic regression, a Bayesian approach using Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), and a beta-binomial regression model...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800496/goal-commitment-predicts-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#11
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine McCauley Ohannessian, James R McKay, Rebecca H Burke, Kaitlin Flannery
OBJECTIVE: Commitment to change is an innovative potential mediator and mechanism of behavior change (MOBC) that has not been examined in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUD). The Adolescent Substance Abuse Goal Commitment (ASAGC) questionnaire is a reliable and valid 2-scale measure developed to assess the adolescent's commitment to either abstinence or harm reduction (HR) that includes consumption reduction as a stated treatment goal. The objective of this study was to examine the ASAGC's ability to predict alcohol use treatment outcome...
July 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#12
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791283/increasing-incidence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-aged-15-39-years-in-western-australia-1982-2007-examination-of-colonoscopy-history
#13
Lakkhina Troeung, Nita Sodhi-Berry, Angelita Martini, Eva Malacova, Hooi Ee, Peter O'Leary, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, David B Preen
AIMS: To examine trends in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and colonoscopy history in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-39 years in Western Australia (WA) from 1982 to 2007. DESIGN: Descriptive cohort study using population-based linked hospital and cancer registry data. METHOD: Five-year age-standardized and age-specific incidence rates of CRC were calculated for all AYAs and by sex. Temporal trends in CRC incidence were investigated using Joinpoint regression analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760146/developing-harm-reduction-in-the-context-of-youth-substance-use-insights-from-a-multi-site-qualitative-analysis-of-young-people-s-harm-minimization-strategies
#14
Emily K Jenkins, Allie Slemon, Rebecca J Haines-Saah
BACKGROUND: Youth substance use programming and educational strategies are frequently informed by prevention approaches that emphasize abstinence goals, which often do not resonate with youth in their lack of acknowledgment of young people's social context and how young people perceive positive effects of substance use. Further, approaches to drug prevention have been critiqued as adopting a one-size-fits-all approach and therefore inadequate in addressing substance use in the context of population variation and inequities...
July 31, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743300/public-attitudes-towards-gambling-product-harm-and-harm-reduction-strategies-an-online-study-of-16-88%C3%A2-year-olds-in-victoria-australia
#15
Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Amy Bestman, Hannah Pitt, Steven J Bowe, Sean Cowlishaw, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Gambling has quickly emerged as an important global public health issue. With new technologies used to develop high intensity gambling products and promotions aimed at driving consumption, public health organisations and researchers, community groups, and politicians have argued for a range of regulatory and education measures aimed at reducing gambling harm. However, there has been limited research seeking to understand community perceptions of the harms associated with gambling products and environments, and the level of community support for strategies designed to prevent and reduce gambling harm...
July 25, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693700/longitudinal-effects-of-an-intervention-on-perfectionism-in-adolescents
#16
Carmen Bento, Ana T Pereira, Carolina Roque, Jorge M Tavares Saraiva, António J Ferreira Macedo E Santos
Perfectionism is a personality disposition characterized by a person´s striving for flawlessness and the setting of excessively high performance standards. This trait has been associated with a broad range of psychopathological conditions. Consequently, prevention of its harmful effects must start early. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if one group session to manage perfectionism has the effect of reducing the levels of this trait, two and six months later. METHOD: A community-based sample of 978 Portuguese adolescents from three different high schools completed a self-reporting questionnaire including the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, before and after one skill session...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672325/association-of-playing-high-school-football-with-cognition-and-mental-health-later-in-life
#17
Sameer K Deshpande, Raiden B Hasegawa, Amanda R Rabinowitz, John Whyte, Carol L Roan, Andrew Tabatabaei, Michael Baiocchi, Jason H Karlawish, Christina L Master, Dylan S Small
Importance: American football is the largest participation sport in US high schools and is a leading cause of concussion among adolescents. Little is known about the long-term cognitive and mental health consequences of exposure to football-related head trauma at the high school level. Objective: To estimate the association of playing high school football with cognitive impairment and depression at 65 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: A representative sample of male high school students who graduated from high school in Wisconsin in 1957 was studied...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619692/a-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-and-facilitated-contraceptive-access-to-prevent-rapid-repeat-pregnancy-among-adolescent-mothers
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jack Stevens, Robyn Lutz, Ngozi Osuagwu, Dana Rotz, Brian Goesling
BACKGROUND: Most interventions designed to reduce teen pregnancy rates have not focused on pregnant and/or parenting adolescents. Therefore, a large randomized controlled trial was conducted regarding a motivational interviewing program entitled Teen Options to Prevent Pregnancy in a low-income sample of adolescent mothers. This program recommended monthly sessions between a participant and a registered nurse over 18 months. This program also featured facilitated birth control access through transportation assistance and a part-time contraceptive clinic...
October 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600490/treating-tobacco-dependence-guidance-for-primary-care-on-life-saving-interventions-position-statement-of-the-ipcrg
#20
O C P Van Schayck, S Williams, V Barchilon, N Baxter, M Jawad, P A Katsaounou, B J Kirenga, C Panaitescu, I G Tsiligianni, N Zwar, A Ostrem
Tobacco smoking is the world's leading cause of premature death and disability. Global targets to reduce premature deaths by 25% by 2025 will require a substantial increase in the number of smokers making a quit attempt, and a significant improvement in the success rates of those attempts in low, middle and high income countries. In many countries the only place where the majority of smokers can access support to quit is primary care. There is strong evidence of cost-effective interventions in primary care yet many opportunities to put these into practice are missed...
June 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
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