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Dehydration and breastfeeding

Xiaomeng Deng, Margaret McLaren
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To promote exclusive breastfeeding, supplements are not recommended without medical indications such as clinical evidence of dehydration. Loss of ≥10% of birth weight (BW) often triggers supplementation due to nursery staff's concern for dehydration. Studies have demonstrated that transplacental passage of maternal intrapartum intravenous fluids for anesthesia may inflate BW. Researchers have proposed using newborn's 24-hour weight (24HW), after fluid diuresis, as preferred reference for weight loss calculation...
March 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Valerie Flaherman, Eric W Schaefer, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Ian M Paul
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend closer outpatient follow-up for exclusively breastfed newborns, especially those with pronounced weight loss, because of increased risk of hyperbilirubinemia and dehydration that might require readmission. Our objective was to determine how feeding method and weight loss are associated with neonatal health care utilization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted at Northern California Kaiser Permanente hospitals in 2009-2013 assessed 143,889 neonates to study the inpatient method of feeding as well as inpatient and outpatient weights...
December 2, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
Takeshi Futatani, Ayako Shimao, Shihomi Ina, Hiroyuki Higashiyama, Shuhei Fujita, Kazuyuki Ueno, Noboru Igarashi, Kiyoshi Hatasaki
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of capillary blood ketone levels as an indicator of inadequate intake of breast milk in the early postnatal period. STUDY DESIGN: Levels of capillary blood beta-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB), the main ketone body in the blood, were measured with a bedside ketone meter in 585 full-term neonates aged 48-95 hours who were breastfed exclusively. Relationships between weight-loss percentage, blood sodium, glucose, pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, base-deficit levels, and βOHB levels were investigated...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Sarbattama Sen, Charis Benjamin, Jennifer Riley, Abigail Heleba, Kaitlin Drouin, Katherine Gregory, Mandy Brown Belfort
BACKGROUND: Banked donor milk (BDM) has historically been used as an alternative to formula for preterm infants. Recently, BDM has been endorsed by two national organizations for use in healthy infants. We sought to quantify utilization trends and characteristics of mothers and their healthy newborns who received BDM during their postpartum stay between 2013 and 2016 at a single academic medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study, we used a clinical log to identify all infants who received BDM in the well-baby nursery between July 2013 and June 2016...
January 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Priyaja Paramasivam, Sujay Kumar Earan, Arulkumaran Arunagirinadhan, Shilpa Kantamneni
Hypernatraemic dehydration in neonates may lead to potentially lethal consequences like cerebral oedema, intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and gangrene. In the light of increase in the infants presenting with hypernatraemic dehydration, there is a definitive need to heighten the awareness and have a high degree of suspicion in diagnosis for this potentially lethal condition. We report two neonates of severe hypernatraemia with dehydration highlighting its diagnosis and management. Treatment of hypernatraemic dehydration involves correction of electrolyte imbalance by careful restoration of fluids and ensuring appropriate intake of calories...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Nai Ming Lai, Azanna Ahmad Kamar, Yao Mun Choo, Juin Yee Kong, Chin Fang Ngim
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia is a common problem which carries a risk of neurotoxicity. Certain infants who have hyperbilirubinaemia develop bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus which may lead to long-term disability. Phototherapy is currently the mainstay of treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. Among the adjunctive measures to compliment the effects of phototherapy, fluid supplementation has been proposed to reduce serum bilirubin levels. The mechanism of action proposed includes direct dilutional effects of intravenous (IV) fluids, or enhancement of peristalsis to reduce enterohepatic circulation by oral fluid supplementation...
August 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Niveen Saudy, Walaa Othman Elshabrawy, Ahmed Megahed, Mona F Foad, Aly F Mohamed
Group A rotavirus (RVA) acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common cause of severe childhood diarrhea. The dominant circulating RVA genotypes in a given region may vary between and within the geographic regions and from year to year. Our cross-sectional study was designed to determine the burden of RVA genotypes among children with AGE admitted to referral Children Hospital at Egypt prior to implementation of the vaccine. Stool samples with clinico-epidemiological data were collected from 92 children ≤ 3 years-old with AGE...
January 2, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
A Cailleaux, F Mahieu, C Heinrichs, B Adams, K Ismaili, C Brachet
AIM: Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD) is a rare disease characterized by a kidney disability to dilute urine and, as a result, severe recurrent hyponatremia. Due to wide variability in clinical expression, the diagnosis still remains a challenge for clinicians. We report our experience of a case in which NSIAD was diagnosed early. We also stress the importance of early diagnosis and treatment, which protects an infant with NSAID from severe hyponatremia. BACKGROUND: A 1-month-old boy was referred to our hospital for persistent hyponatremia and intense vomiting...
July 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Shoeb Bin Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed, Mustafa Mahfuz, Ishita Mostafa, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Kazi Nazmus Saqeeb, Shafiqul Alam Sarker, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam
BACKGROUND: Persistent diarrhoea (PD) is poorly recognised and it requires proper assessment and early intervention to ensure effective treatment. The International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) has been managing children with PD for more than two decades. This review focuses on different aspects of the management of PD in a hospital setting. AIM: To estimate the prevalence, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment outcome and hospital course in under-5 children with persistent diarrhoea (PD)...
May 5, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Nilofer Salim Mujawar, Archana Nirmal Jaiswal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of neonatal hypernatremia and hypernatremic dehydration in neonates receiving exclusive breastfeeding. INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hypernatremia is a serious condition in the newborn period. We present infants with hypernatremic dehydration due to breast milk (BM) hypernatremia. Hypernatremic dehydration in breast-fed newborns is usually secondary to insufficient lactation. We present the neonatal hypernatremia and hypernatremic dehydration encountered between January and December, 2012, its causes and treatment...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Suzanne Boer, Sevim Unal, Jacobus P van Wouwe, Paula van Dommelen
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration is prevented by daily neonatal weight monitoring. We aim to provide evidence-based support of this universally promoted weighing policy and to establish the most crucial days of weighing. METHODS: Weight measurements of 2,359 healthy newborns and of 271 newborns with clinical hypernatremic dehydration were used within the first seven days of life to simulate various weighting policies to prevent hypernatremic dehydration; its sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) of these policies were calculated...
2016: PloS One
Despina D Briana, Maria Boutsikou, Theodora Boutsikou, Antonios Marmarinos, Dimitrios Gourgiotis, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal colostrum/serum concentrations of the bioactive substances irisin, adropin and copeptin and investigate their association with several perinatal parameters and pathologic conditions during pregnancy. METHODS: In a cohort of 81 mothers with full-term deliveries, colostrum/serum concentrations of irisin, adropin and copeptin were prospectively evaluated by ELISA on Day 3-4 postpartum. RESULTS: Copeptin and adropin were detectable in human colostrum at higher, while irisin at lower concentrations than in maternal serum (p < 0...
March 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sushmita Das, Ganesh Chandra Sahoo, Pradeep Das, Utpal Kant Singh, Anil Kumar Jaiswal, Prachi Singh, Ranjeet Kumar, Rishikesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of breastfeeding to Rotavirus (RV)-induced antigenemia and/or RNAemia and disease severity in Indian children (<2 yrs age). METHODS: Paired stool and serum samples were collected from (a) hospitalized infants with diarrhea (n = 145) and (b) healthy control infants without diarrhea (n = 28). Stool RV-antigen was screened in both groups by commercial rapid-test and enzyme immunoassay. The disease severity was scored and real-time-PCR was used for viral-load estimation...
2016: PloS One
Dwi Prasetyo, Iesje Martiza Sabaroedin, Yudith Setiati Ermaya, Yati Soenarto
Background. Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe acute diarrhea in children. Infants who are exclusively breastfed develop fewer infections and have less severe illnesses. This study aimed to determine association between severe dehydration in rotavirus diarrhea and exclusive breastfeeding. Methods. This is a cross-sectional study in infants ≤ 6 months old with acute diarrhea in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Results. From 134 infants ≤ 6 months old with acute diarrhea enrolled from April 2009 to December 2012, there were 88 (65...
2015: Journal of Tropical Medicine
Pedro Marques, Kavinga Gunawardana, Ashley Grossman
UNLABELLED: Gestational diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare complication of pregnancy, usually developing in the third trimester and remitting spontaneously 4-6 weeks post-partum. It is mainly caused by excessive vasopressinase activity, an enzyme expressed by placental trophoblasts which metabolises arginine vasopressin (AVP). Its diagnosis is challenging, and the treatment requires desmopressin. A 38-year-old Chinese woman was referred in the 37th week of her first single-gestation due to polyuria, nocturia and polydipsia...
2015: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Maja Verena Nielsen, Solomon Amemasor, Alex Agyekum, Wibke Loag, Florian Marks, Nimako Sarpong, Denise Dekker, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Jürgen May
Differentiation of infectious causes in severely ill children is essential but challenging in sub- Saharan Africa. The aim of the study was to determine clinical indicators that are able to identify bacterial co-infections in P. falciparum infected children in rural Ghana. In total, 1,915 severely ill children below the age of 15 years were recruited at Agogo Presbyterian Hospital in Ghana between May 2007 and February 2011. In 771 (40%) of the children malaria parasites were detected. This group was analyzed for indicators of bacterial co-infections using bivariate and multivariate regression analyses with 24 socio-economic variables, 16 terms describing medical history and anthropometrical information and 68 variables describing clinical symptoms...
2015: PloS One
Yuri Fc Dos Santos, Jailson de B Correia, Ana R Falbo
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization stresses the need for training families in the adequate management of acute diarrhoea to reduce child mortality and morbidity. This study analysed caregiver knowledge about diarrhoea prevention and management in north-east Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 213 children aged under 5 years treated at a public emergency department in Pernambuco, Brazil. Caregiver knowledge was assessed with a questionnaire. RESULTS: Caregivers believed that breastfeeding until age 6 months, not using tap water for food preparation, vaccination against rotavirus and other diseases help prevent diarrhoea...
April 2015: Tropical Doctor
Asher Rosinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare hydration status between lactating and non-lactating women in the hot-humid Amazon. METHODS: Fifty-four women (15-81 years) from two villages at different distances to the market provided urine samples, anthropometric measurements, and health recalls. Urine samples were analyzed for urine specific gravity (USG). Bivariate and multiple linear and logistic regressions tested differences in USG and dehydration (USG > 1...
July 2015: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Fabian Bock, Katrin Borucki, Peter Vorwerk, Ronald Biemann, Berend Isermann
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common presentation in children but the differential diagnosis of iron deficiency and β-thalassemia remains a diagnostic challenge. Red blood cell indices have been shown to perform weakly in such scenarios. One potential cause is breastfeeding, but the evidence for unusually prolonged exclusive breastfeeding as a cause of iron deficiency anemia in older (>2 years) toddlers is sparse and the association of breastfeeding with iron deficiency in this age group of older toddlers is not unequivocally established...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Maria Pia De Carolis, Carmen Cocca, Elisabetta Valente, Serafina Lacerenza, Serena Antonia Rubortone, Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Costantino Romagnoli
BACKGROUND: Early discharge of mother/neonate dyad has become a common practice, and its effects are measured by readmission rates. We evaluated the safety of early discharge followed by an individualized Follow-up programme and the efficacy in promoting breastfeeding initiation and duration. METHODS: During a nine-month period early discharge followed by an early targeted Follow-up was carried out in term neonates in the absence of weight loss <10% or hyperbilirubinaemia at risk of treatment...
2014: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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