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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149967/early-prediction-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#1
G Bilancio, M Celano, V Cozza, F Zingone, G Palladino, M Cirillo
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is frequent after kidney transplantation (KT). This study investigated CVD prediction in KT by information available before KT or within 6 months after KT. The study cohort consisted of 629 patients with KT in 2005-10 and with adult age at KT. The end point was incidence up to 2015 of CVD (coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease). Graft failure, non-CVD death with functioning graft, and loss to follow-up were considered competing events. CVD prediction was investigated for 34 variables by means of competing-risks regression...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142987/prospective-study-of-routine-heparin-avoidance-hemodialysis-in-a-tertiary-acute-care-inpatient-practice
#2
Sami Safadi, Robert C Albright, John J Dillon, Amy W Williams, Fares Alahdab, Julie K Brown, Amanda L Severson, Walter K Kremers, Mary Ann Ryan, Marie C Hogan
Introduction: Extracorporeal circuit (EC) anticoagulation with heparin is a key advance in hemodialysis (HD), but anticoagulation is problematic in inpatients at risk of bleeding. We prospectively evaluated a heparin-avoidance HD protocol, clotting of the EC circuit (CEC), impact on dialysis efficiency, and associated risk factors in our acute care inpatients who required HD (January 17, 2014 to May 31, 2015). Methods: HD sessions without routine EC heparin were performed using airless dialysis tubing...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139376/the-longitudinal-effects-of-peritonitis-on-peritoneal-membrane-function%C3%A2
#3
Christopher S B Sia, Eldho Paul, Peter Tregaskis, Rowan G Walker, Scott G Wilson
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal effects of peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis on small solute clearance and ultrafiltration are controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 27 patients with PD peritonitis over a 4-year period at a tertiary hospital. Adequacy tests at an "early" (1 - 3 months), "intermediate" (6 ± 2 months), and a "late" (12 ± 2 months) time period after the episode were compared with a pre-peritonitis baseline. The effect of time on serum albumin, weekly creatinine clearance, Kt/V, and net fluid volume removal was assessed...
December 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106676/safety-and-efficacy-of-taurolidine-urokinase-versus-taurolidine-heparin-as-a-tunneled-catheter-lock-solution-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Fadwa Al-Ali, Ahmad F Hamdy, Abdullah Hamad, Mohamed Elsayed, Zafar Zafar Iqbal, Aisha Elsayed, Rania Ibrahim, Hoda Tolba, Hisham Buanan, Ashraf Fawzy
Background: Taurolidine citrate with heparin (Taurolock/Hep) is a promising central venous catheter lock solution. Despite its universal use among our hemodialysis patients, the prevalence of catheter malfunction was high. We aimed to compare Taurolock/Hep and taurolidine citrate with urokinase (Taurolock/U) as a catheter lock solution in order to identify whether either solution could reduce catheter-related dysfunction. Methods: In this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, patients were randomized to receive either Taurolock/Hep or Taurolock/U and were followed for 6 months...
July 4, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062340/biochemical-markers-of-mineral-bone-disorder-in-south-african-patients-on-maintenance-haemodialysis
#5
Bala Waziri, Raquel Duarte, Saraladevi Naicker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the high mortality and morbidity associated with abnormalities in mineral and bone metabolism in haemodialysis patients, there is limited data on the pattern of mineral bone disorder in African CKD population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of mineral bone disease by evaluating biochemical parameters in patients on maintenance haemodialysis (MHD). METHODS: We evaluated the serum/plasma intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), corrected calcium, phosphate, total alkaline phosphatase (TALP) and 25 -OH vitamin D levels of two hundred and seven patients undergoing MHD at two dialysis centers in Johannesburg...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047213/baseline-and-time-averaged-values-predicting-residual-renal-function-decline-rate-in-japanese-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#6
Kiyotaka Uchiyama, Akane Yanai, Keizo Maeda, Keisuke Ono, Kazuya Honda, Ryuji Tsujimoto, Yuka Kamijo, Mai Yanagi, Yoshitaka Ishibashi
Residual renal function (RRF) is a strong prognostic factor of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). We determined predictors of the RRF rate of decline using both baseline values and time-averaged ones. We retrospectively analyzed 94 patients being treated with PD at the Japanese Red Cross Medical Center. The decline rate of RRF was calculated by a diminution in the weekly renal Kt/V between the first and last follow up divided by follow-up years. The mean follow-up period was 2...
October 19, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024501/hemodialysis-decreases-the-concentration-of-accumulated-plant-phenols-in-the-plasma-of-patients-on-maintenance-dialysis-influence-of-residual-renal-function
#7
Piotr Jan Nowak, Radoslaw Wilk, Anna Prymont-Przyminska, Anna Zwolinska, Agata Sarniak, Anna Wlodarczyk, Jeffrey de Graft-Johnson, Beata Mamelka, Anna Zasowska-Nowak, Piotr Bartnicki, Dariusz Nowak, Michal Nowicki
Plant phenols may accumulate in end-stage kidney disease. The effect of hemodialysis on their plasma concentration remains poorly determined. Contingent on concentration, health-promoting or noxious effects occur; therefore, we assessed plasma concentration in hemodialyzed patients. In total, 21 maintenance hemodialyzed patients with diuresis < 500 mL per day (with oliguria), nine hemodialyzed patients with diuresis ≥ 500 mL per day (without oliguria) and 31 healthy volunteers were included. Nine phenolic acids were identified with high-performance liquid chromatography and total polyphenol concentration was determined with the Folin-Ciocalteu method in pre- or post-hemodialysis plasma and pre- or intra-hemodialysis dialysate...
October 11, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985181/binding-of-bromocresol-green-and-bromocresol-purple-to-albumin-in-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Sigurd Delanghe, Wim Van Biesen, Nadeige Van de Velde, Sunny Eloot, Anneleen Pletinck, Eva Schepers, Griet Glorieux, Joris R Delanghe, Marijn M Speeckaert
BACKGROUND: Colorimetric albumin assays based on binding to bromocresol purple (BCP) and bromocresol green (BCG) yield different results in chronic kidney disease. Altered dye binding of carbamylated albumin has been suggested as a cause. In the present study, a detailed analysis was carried out in which uremic toxins, acute phase proteins and Kt/V, a parameter describing hemodialysis efficiency, were compared with colorimetrically assayed (BCP and BCG) serum albumin. METHODS: Albumin was assayed using immunonephelometry on a BN II nephelometer and colorimetrically based on, respectively, BCP and BCG on a Modular P analyzer...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975468/effect-of-restricted-protein-diet-supplemented-with-keto-analogues-in-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Zheng Jiang, Yi Tang, Lichuan Yang, Xuhua Mi, Wei Qin
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the restricted protein diet supplemented with keto analogues when applied in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CBM and CENTRAL databases were searched and reviewed up to January 2017. Clinical trials were analyzed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials were selected and included in this study according to our inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 3, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970363/comparison-of-change-in-peritoneal-function-in-patients-on-continuous-ambulatory-pd-vs-automated-pd
#10
Nasreen Samad, Stanley Fan
BACKGROUND: Patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) may have greater exposure to glucose in the PD fluid than those on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD). If this causes long-term damage to the peritoneal membrane, it will have implications for a patient's choice of modality. METHODS: Membrane function of long-term APD or CAPD patients was followed prospectively. The data were collected from electronic patient records in our unit from 2000 to 2014. The rate of change in membrane transport status (D/Pcr) and ultrafiltration (UF4) for each patient was calculated using the least square regression line equation...
September 28, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963833/-home-daily-hemodialysis-with-nxstage-system-one-monocentric-italian-casistic-results
#11
Chiara Brunati, Franca Cassaro, Laura Cretti, Michela Izzo, Marisa Pegoraro, Daniela Negri, Francesca Gervasi, Giacomo Colussi
NxStage System One is a new dialytic technology based on easy setup, simplicity of use and reduced dimensions, which is increasingly in use worldwide for home hemodialysis treatments. The system utilizes a low amount of dialysate, usually 15-30 liters according to anthropometric patients' values. The dialysate is supplied at very low flux, generally about 1/3 of blood flow, in order to obtain an elevated saturation of dialysate for solutes. In these conditions the clearance of urea will be almost equal to dialysate flow rate...
September 28, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937077/practice-pattern-of-hemodialysis-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-in-rural-south-india-a-single-center-experience
#12
R Hemachandar
Hemodialysis (HD) is the most common mode of renal replacement therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in India. However, the practice and pattern of dialysis in a hospital serving rural population is largely unknown. A prospective study of 127 ESRD patients initiated on HD between January 2013 and December 2014 was done. The study included 101 males and 26 females, with a mean age of 50.05 ± 13.80 years. Native kidney disease was unknown in 45.67% of patients as they presented very late in their disease course...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931700/peritoneal-dialysis-for-the-treatment-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-type-1-a-prospective-brazilian-study
#13
Daniela Ponce, Cassiana Góes, Mariele Oliveira, Andre Balbi
This study aimed to explore the role of high-volume peritoneal dialysis (HVPD) in cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type 1 patients in relation to metabolic and fluid control and outcome. Sixty-four patients were treated by HVPD (prescribed Kt/V = 0.50/session), flexible catheter and cycler. Mean age was 68.8 ± 15.4 years, 54.7% needed intravenous inotropic agents and/or intravenous vasodilators, 31.2% were on mechanical ventilation, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was the main cause of acute disease heart failure (ADHF) 48...
September 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923831/international-comparisons-of-prevalence-awareness-and-treatment-of-pruritus-in-people-on-hemodialysis
#14
Hugh C Rayner, Maria Larkina, Mia Wang, Matthew Graham-Brown, Sabine N van der Veer, Tevfik Ecder, Takeshi Hasegawa, Werner Kleophas, Brian A Bieber, Francesca Tentori, Bruce M Robinson, Ronald L Pisoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Uremic pruritus in patients on hemodialysis is associated with depression, lower quality of life, and mortality. We studied the prevalence, awareness, and treatment of pruritus to assess how well this important condition is currently managed internationally. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data from 35,452 patients on hemodialysis in up to 17 countries from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study were analyzed to describe pruritus prevalence from 1996 to 2015...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923619/ten-year-follow-up-of-pharmacokinetics-guided-very-early-cyclosporine-minimization-synchronized-with-everolimus-initiation-in-de-novo-kidney-transplantation
#15
V Sumethkul, P Tankee, S Worawichawong, S Jirasiritham
BACKGROUND: Minimization of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) from the 1st week after kidney transplantation (KT) may reduce the risk of CNI nephrotoxicity. METHODS: Ten de novo KT recipients who received full exposure cyclosporine (CsA) and prednisolone as initial therapy were enrolled. Initial CsA minimization was 50% and started at day 7 after KT. This was synchronized with everolimus (EVL) initiation. Target trough level of EVL was 3-8 ng/mL. Pharmacokinetics studies of CsA and EVL were studied at week 4...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918555/prognostic-factors-for-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-older-hemodialysis-patients-a-5-year-observational-study
#16
Kojiro Nagai, Motokazu Matsuura, Kenji Tsuchida, Hiro-Omi Kanayama, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi
Clinical guidelines for hemodialysis therapy have been described in an evidence-based manner with most evidence from randomized control trials or retrospective studies in which all generations of the hemodialysis patients were enrolled. Therefore, the question still remains whether these guidelines can be applied to increasing older patients. This study is an observational study, including 735 patients who received maintenance hemodialysis in April 2006. At baseline, the participants' age was 62.1 ± 12...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904934/comparison-of-complications-of-arteriovenous-fistula-with-permanent-catheter-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-six-month-follow-up
#17
Ali Momeni, Saeed Mardani, Maryam Kabiri, Masoud Amiri
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF), permanent catheter (PC), and vascular graft are three vascular access types used for hemodialysis procedure. Due to insufficient reliable information on the comparison between AVF and PC, this study was conducted to compare AVF and PC regarding dialysis adequacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out from March, 2013 to September, 2013. In this study, 76 hemodialysis patients were enrolled and assigned to two unequal groups of AVF and PC...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898737/light-illumination-intensity-dependence-of-photovoltaic-parameter-in-polymer-solar-cells-with-ammonium-heptamolybdate-as-hole-extraction-layer
#18
Zhiyong Liu, Shengli Niu, Ning Wang
A low-temperature, solution-processed molybdenum oxide (MoOX) layer and a facile method for polymer solar cells (PSCs) is developed. The PSCs based on a MoOX layer as the hole extraction layer (HEL) is a significant advance for achieving higher photovoltaic performance, especially under weaker light illumination intensity. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements show that the (NH4)6Mo7O24 molecule decomposes and forms the molybdenum oxide (MoOX) molecule when undergoing thermal annealing treatment...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891419/effects-of-listening-to-holy-qur-an-recitation-and-physical-training-on-dialysis-efficacy-functional-capacity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#19
Bechir Frih, Wajdi Mkacher, Abir Bouzguenda, Hamdi Jaafar, Salem Ali ALkandari, Zohra Ben Salah, Bart Sas, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
The purpose of this study was to determine whether listening to Holy Qur'an recitation would augment the beneficial effects of physical exercise on physiological and psychological measures in elderly patients undergoing haemodialysis. Fifty-three male haemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to an intervention group (listening to Holy Qur'an recitation in combination with endurance-resistance training, n = 28) or a control group (endurance-resistance training only, n = 25). Functional capacity was assessed using the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT)...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882029/clinical-observation-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-for-treating-patients-receiving-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Hong-Ying Jiang, Jia-Ping Wang, Yi-Hua Bai, Min Yang, Yi Zeng, Yun-Juan Liao, Zhen-Kun He
BACKGROUND: This study aims to observe the outcome and safety of umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) treatment for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: A total of 24 CAPD patients, who underwent UC-MSC treatment from June 2011 to December 2012, were selected for this study. These patients were followed-up until June 2015. RESULTS: Results revealed a significant increase in HB, EPO and ALB levels, a decrease in CRP levels, and marked improvement in cystatin C and urine volume within three months after UC-MSC transplantation; and the difference was statistically significant (P<0...
September 7, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
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