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Vaginal prolapse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819516/a-severed-ip-ligament-as-a-cause-for-trans-vaginal-uterine-bleeding-post-termination-of-pregnancy-a-case-report
#1
Madeeha Dean, Nicole Stamatopoulos, Thierry Vancaillie
Uterine perforation is an uncommon yet serious complication of surgical management of first and second trimester termination of pregnancies. The rate of uterine perforation is under reported, as patients are usually asymptomatic. Although uncommon, uterine perforation can cause life-threatening complications for some patients. This case report discusses a second trimester surgical termination resulting in uterine perforation and haemorrhage secondary to an avulsion of the infundibulopelvic ligament and prolapse of the left fallopian tube and ovary into the uterine cavity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#2
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815277/discontinuation-rate-and-adverse-events-after-1%C3%A2-year-of-vaginal-pessary-use-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#3
Theerarat Yimphong, Teerayut Temtanakitpaisan, Pranom Buppasiri, Chompilas Chongsomchai, Supparaluck Kanchaiyaphum
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To ascertain the rate of discontinuation after vaginal pessary use among pelvic organ prolapse patients. METHODS: We enrolled women suffering from pelvic organ prolapse who opted to use vaginal pessary as the first line of treatment and were fitted with a pessary at the urogynecological clinic in Khon Kaen University's Srinagarind Hospital (Thailand) during the period between 2010 and 2016. Patients' medical records were retrospectively reviewed...
August 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815020/advances-on-minimally-invasive-approach-for-benign-total-hysterectomy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Marina de Paula Andres, Giuliano Moysés Borrelli, Mauricio Simões Abrão
Hysterectomy is one of the most commonly performed gynecologic surgeries, mainly for uterine myomas, abnormal uterine bleeding, and prolapses. It can be performed through several routes, each of which has its advantages and disadvantages. We conducted this systematic review to evaluate recent advances in surgical outcomes of benign total hysterectomies by any route: vaginal (VH), laparoscopic (LH), laparoscopically assisted vaginal (LAVH), single-port (SP), and robotic-assisted laparoscopy (RH). The search was applied to the PubMed electronic database by using keywords "hysterectomy" and "uterine benign disease", "adenomyosis", and "myoma"...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803377/temporary-successful-results-of-ventral-rectopexy-for-enterocele-surgical-correction-about-138-patients
#5
Diane Mege, Arnaud Sans, Aurélie Maignan, Julie Duclos, Cécilia Frasconi, Remy Le Huu Nho, Nicolas Pirro, Igor Sielezneff
PURPOSE: This work aimed to analyse short- and long-term results of enterocele surgical treatment by ventral rectopexy. METHODS: All females who underwent ventral rectopexy for enterocele in our department were included. All patients underwent standardized preoperative evaluation. Data was retrospectively collected, after examination of patients or by telephone survey. Postoperative evaluation was performed by an independent observer. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight females (median age = 63 years [21-86 years]) were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803112/in-vivo-documentation-of-shape-and-position-changes-of-mri-visible-mesh-placed-in-rectovaginal-septum
#6
Urbankova Iva, Sindhwani Nikhil, Callewaert Geertje, Turri Alice, Rinkijevic Rita, Hympanova Lucie, Feola Andrew, Deprest Jan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Large deformations in synthetic meshes used in pelvic organ prolapse surgery may lead to suboptimal support for the underlying tissue, graft-related complications as well as recurrence. Our aim was to quantify in vivo longitudinal changes in mesh shape and geometry in a large animal model. We compare two commonly used mesh shapes, armed and flat, that are differently affixed. The secondary outcomes were active and passive biomechanical properties. METHODS: A total of 18 animals were used...
August 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802944/what-are-patient-goals-after-an-anterior-colporrhaphy-operation
#7
Sabrina J Kousgaard, Jonna Bjørk, Karin Glavind
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe patient-reported goals after an anterior colporrhaphy operation for anterior vaginal wall prolapse, the fulfilment of goals, and the correlation with subjective patient-reported outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study involving 100 women. Preoperatively, patients completed three modified questions from the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS) named ICIQ-VS short form (ICIQ-VS SF) and stated three goals for the operation...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801323/transvaginal-postpartum-manual-removal-of-a-prolapsed-submucous-leiomyoma-initially-diagnosed-hybrid-predominantly-intramural
#8
Wael Elgonaid, Reem Belkhir, Vincent Boama
We present a rare case of a large infarcted submucous fibroid removed manually after a normal vaginal delivery. This patient was known to have a large postero-fundal hybrid predominantly intramural uterine fibroid, measuring 11 x 10 cm in diameter and diagnosed 2 years prior to last conception. Thirty-five days postpartum, she presented with severe lower abdominal pain and foul smell per vaginum. Abdominal examination revealed a very tender bulky uterus at 24 weeks size, and vaginal examination revealed a big fleshy smelly mass with friable surface just bulging from a dilated cervix...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800013/metastatic-acinic-cell-carcinoma-to-the-vagina-a-first-reported-case
#9
Marianne Hom, Andrew Fong, Melissa Sanford, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia
This is a case of a 62-year-old woman with a remote history of acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland, who presented with a palpable vaginal mass, anterior vaginal wall prolapse, and stress urinary incontinence. A 2 cm firm mobile mass on the anterior vaginal wall was found on clinical examination. A computed tomographic scan revealed a mass between the vaginal vault and bladder that was eventually surgically excised. The histology, supported by the immunohistochemistry, revealed metastatic acinic cell carcinoma to the vagina after 37 years of her initial diagnosis...
August 9, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780651/hysteropreservation-versus-hysterectomy-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-uterine-prolapse-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Sofia Andrade de Oliveira, Marcelo C M Fonseca, Maria A T Bortolini, Manoel J B C Girão, Matheus T Roque, Rodrigo A Castro
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The efficacy and safety of removing or preserving the uterus during reconstructive pelvic surgery is a matter of debate. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that compared hysteropreservation and hysterectomy in the management of uterine prolapse. PubMed, Medline, SciELO and LILACS databases were searched from inception until January 2017. We selected only randomized controlled trials and observational cohort prospective comparative studies...
August 5, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777192/sexual-function-after-prolapse-repair
#11
Abigail Shatkin-Margolis, Rachel N Pauls
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize available literature (from the last 18 months) assessing sexual function following pelvic reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We include vaginal native tissue repair, abdominal/laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, transvaginal mesh repair, and obliterative procedures. The goal is to assist providers in counseling patients and to identify areas needed for further research. RECENT FINDINGS: When compared with pessary management, women who undergo POP surgical repair achieve their sexual function goals more often...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770896/six-arms-mesh-implant-application-with-organ-preserving-in-a-young-patient-with-total-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#12
Gokmen Sukgen, Adem Altunkol, Deniz Abat
Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is defined as the prolapse of the pelvic organs toward or through the vaginal opening as a result of the weakening of the combination of nerves, muscles and fascia, which normally protect and support the physical position of pelvic organs. In this case report, the 30-year old patient who applied with the pelvic prolapse through the vaginal opening was treated with Sacro Uterine Ligamentopexy and anterior 6 arms mesh implant, without applying hysterectomy. In the short follow-up period of three months, both anatomic improvement and positive developments in sexual and social life have been recorded in the patient's life...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767163/predictors-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#13
Magdalena E Grzybowska, Dariusz Wydra
AIMS: To assess female sexual function (SF) in different grades of urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI), with/without pelvic organ prolapse (POP); to investigate associations between clinical data and pelvic organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual questionnaire (PISQ) scores. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in sexually active women (130 with SUI and 126 controls). Stamey score and POP quantification (POP-Q) were used. Urogynecological examinations were performed; all participants completed PISQ...
August 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762694/pelvic-organ-prolapse
#14
REVIEW
Cheryl B Iglesia, Katelyn R Smithling
Pelvic organ prolapse is the descent of one or more of the anterior vaginal wall, posterior vaginal wall, the uterus (cervix), or the apex of the vagina (vaginal vault or cuff scar after hysterectomy). Prevalence increases with age. The cause of prolapse is multifactorial but is primarily associated with pregnancy and vaginal delivery, which lead to direct pelvic floor muscle and connective tissue injury. Hysterectomy, pelvic surgery, and conditions associated with sustained episodes of increased intra-abdominal pressure, including obesity, chronic cough, constipation, and repeated heavy lifting, also contribute to prolapse...
August 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762621/repair-of-damaged-ligaments-with-tissue-fixation-system-minisling-is-sufficient-to-cure-major-prolapse-in-all-three-compartments-5-year-data
#15
Hiromi Inoue, Yutaka Kohata, Takanori Fukuda, Mika Monma, Yosie Uzawa, Yuina Kubo, Remi Watanabe, Takeshi Kusaka
AIM: The ageing population in Japan brings problems of pelvic organ prolapse (POP), bladder and bowel incontinence, and fragility as regards major pelvic surgery. Existing data from tissue fixation system (TFS) surgery show high cure rates for these conditions, but long-term data are lacking. We aimed to elucidate the usefulness of TFS by assessing 5-year postoperative outcomes. METHODS: A total of 68 patients, mean age 70 years, underwent total pelvic floor repair...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762179/vaginal-laxity-what-does-this-symptom-mean
#16
Hans Peter Dietz, Martyna Stankiewicz, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Caroline Wanderley Ferreira, Maciej Socha
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Vaginal laxity is a poorly understood symptom of pelvic floor dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between the symptom of vaginal laxity and its bother on the one hand, and demographic data, other symptoms, and findings on examination on the other hand. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study at a tertiary urogynecological unit. A total of 337 patients were seen for a standardized interview, clinical examination (ICS POP-Q) and 4D translabial ultrasonography...
July 31, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759459/anterior-compartment-prolapse-what-s-new
#17
Patrick Lang, James L Whiteside
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the treatment options for anterior compartment prolapse, describe the role that apical suspension plays in the correction of anterior vaginal wall prolapse, and assess the risks and benefits of biologic and synthetic graft use in anterior compartment repair. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, The Cochrane Review published a review of 37 trials including 4023 participants finding that compared to native tissue repair, the use of synthetic mesh resulted in reduced symptomatic prolapse recurrence, anatomic recurrence, and repeat prolapse surgery...
July 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759116/anterior-vaginal-repair-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#18
REVIEW
Cathryn Ma Glazener, Kevin Cooper, Atefeh Mashayekhi
BACKGROUND: Anterior vaginal repair (anterior colporrhaphy) is an operation traditionally used for moderate or severe stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. About a third of adult women experience urinary incontinence. SUI imposes significant health and economic burden to the society and the women affected. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of anterior vaginal repair (anterior colporrhaphy) on urinary incontinence in comparison with other management options...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747206/laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-versus-vaginal-sacrospinous-fixation-for-vaginal-vault-prolapse-a-randomized-controlled-trial-salto-2-trial-study-protocol
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne-Lotte W M Coolen, Mèlanie N van IJsselmuiden, Anique M J van Oudheusden, J Veen, Hugo W F van Eijndhoven, Ben Willem J Mol, Jan Paul Roovers, Marlies Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Hysterectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures during lifetime. Almost 10 % of women who have had a hysterectomy because of prolapse symptoms, will visit a gynaecologist for a surgical correction of a vaginal vault prolapse thereafter. Vaginal vault prolapse can be corrected by many different surgical procedures. A Cochrane review comparing abdominal sacrocolpopexy to vaginal sacrospinous fixation considered the open abdominal procedure as the treatment of first choice for prolapse of the vaginal vault, although operation time and hospital stay is longer...
July 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743177/traditional-suburethral-sling-operations-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#20
REVIEW
Haroon Rehman, Carlos A Bezerra, Homero Bruschini, June D Cody, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence constitutes a significant health and economic burden to society. Traditional suburethral slings are one of the surgical operations used to treat women with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of traditional suburethral slings on stress or mixed incontinence in comparison with other management options. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register (searched 3 June 2010) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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