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Vaginal prolapse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209547/pregnancy-after-urinary-diversion-at-young-ages-risks-and-outcome
#1
N Huck, S Schweizerhof, P Honeck, A Neisius, J Thüroff, R Stein
OBJECTIVE: To assess the urological and obstetric outcomes during and after pregnancy following urinary diversion (UD) performed during childhood or adolescence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our urinary diversion database, we identified 25 females who became pregnant between 1981 and 2013. Reasons for urinary diversion were neurogenic bladder, exstrophy, trauma, sinus urogenitalis and interstitial cystitis. 17 had continent cutaneous diversion, 4 continent anal diversion and 4 colonic conduit...
February 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199078/anterior-six-arms-prolene-mesh-for-high-stage-vaginal-prolapse-five-years-follow-up
#2
Luis Gustavo M de Toledo, André Costa-Matos, Susane Mey Hwang, Raquel Dória Ramos Richetti, Silvia S Carramão, Antônio P F Auge
INTRODUCTION: In high stage vaginal prolapse, recurrence risk patients, anterior and apical defects need to be addressed in the same procedure. The pre-molded commercial mesh kits are expensive and not always available. Alternative effective and safe treatment ways, with lower costs are desirable. OBJECTIVE: To present long term follow-up of patients treated with a homemade mesh shape to correct high stage prolapses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe prospectively 18 patients with anterior and apical vaginal prolapses, stages III and IV, repaired using this specific design of mesh...
February 15, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197646/an-observational-follow-up-study-on-pelvic-floor-disorders-to-3-5-years-after-delivery
#3
Karen Ng, Rachel Yau Kar Cheung, Lai Loi Lee, Tony Kwok Hung Chung, Symphorosa Shing Chee Chan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI), fecal incontinence (FI), and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) 3-5 years after the first pregnancy and their associated risk factors. METHODS: We assessed 506 women using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ). Maternal characteristics and obstetric data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, independent sample t test, chi-squared test, and logistic regression...
February 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194347/is-rectosigmoid-vaginoplasty-still-useful
#4
Seok-Kwun Kim, Ji-Woen Park, Kwang-Ryeol Lim, Keun-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: The ideal vaginoplasty must be successful functionally as well as have a natural appearance, and also must retain its functionality and appearance over the long term. Conventional vaginoplasty techniques have functional limitations and are associated with recurrent complications, but rectosigmoid vaginoplasty is known to have a high satisfaction rate due to its functional similarity with the vagina. We conducted the present study to assess the usability of rectosigmoid vaginoplasty over the course of long-term follow-up...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192733/prospective-long-term-results-complications-and-risk-factors-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-with-vaginal-mesh
#5
Inés M Laso-García, Miguel A Rodríguez-Cabello, Miguel A Jiménez-Cidre, Andrea Orosa-Andrada, David Carracedo-Calvo, Luis López-Fando, Francisco J Burgos-Revilla
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term results and complications of pelvic organ prolapse treatment with transvaginal mesh. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 75 women who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2008 by the same surgeon. 44 patients (58,7%) underwent concomitant treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Anatomical criterion for failure was prolapse grade >I in any compartment. Analysis of functional features consisted of an assessment of urinary, sexual, and defecation symptoms, and pelvic pain...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192248/transvaginal-pvdf-mesh-for-cystocele-repair-a-cohort-study
#6
Dimitri Barski, Christian Arndt, Holger Gerullis, Jin Yang, Mihaly Boros, Thomas Otto, Hans-Christian Kolberg
INTRODUCTION: Optimized biocompatibility of new materials is a major requirement for transvaginal meshes for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) presented good characteristics in prior animal experiments and clinical use in humans. METHODS: Between 01/2012 and 04/2016 37 women underwent transvaginal repair of symptomatic prolapse of the anterior vaginal wall (cystocele) with PVDF-mesh in a single institution. A chart review for recurrence, continence, peri- and early postoperative complications was performed...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188759/bladder-prolapse-configuration-on-baseline-standing-cystogram-can-predict-anterior-vaginal-wall-suspension-procedure-outcomes
#7
Yuefeng Rose Wu, Alana L Christie, Rebecca S Lavelle, Feras Alhalabi, Gaurav Khatri, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether bladder prolapse shape on lateral voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is an accurate predictor of anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) procedure outcomes. METHODS: Following IRB approval, pre-operative lateral standing VCUG views from a prospectively maintained database of women who underwent AVWS for stage ≥2 cystocele were reviewed retrospectively by three reviewers. Patients with no retrievable pre-operative VCUG imaging were excluded...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188468/transvaginal-uterosacral-ligament-suspension-for-posthysterectomy-vaginal-vault-prolapse-repair
#8
Rodolfo Milani, Matteo Frigerio, Federico Spelzini, Stefano Manodoro
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse repair represents a challenge for urogynecologists. Surgical management can be successfully achieved with native tissue using a vaginal approach with uterosacral ligament (USL) suspension. However, severe complications have been described, mainly related to ureteral injury. METHODS: A 57-year-old woman with symptomatic stage 2 vaginal vault prolapse underwent transvaginal USL suspension according to the described technique...
February 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177208/minimally-invasive-hysterectomy-for-benign-indications-an-update
#9
C Emi Bretschneider, Karl Jallad, Marie F Paraiso
Hysterectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgeries worldwide. Indication for hysterectomy is most often benign, which includes conditions such as prolapse, abnormal uterine bleeding, fibroids and pelvic pain. A broad range of surgical approaches exists for hysterectomy, ranging from open to minimally invasive techniques. Under this minimally invasive umbrella, the following techniques are included: vaginal hysterectomy (VH), laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH), and variations of those two techniques, such as laparoscopicassisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), robotic-assisted hysterectomy (RH), laparo-endoscopic single-site laparoscopic hysterectomy (LESS), mini-laparoscopic hysterectomy (MLH), and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) hysterectomy...
February 8, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176333/selective-versus-routine-use-of-episiotomy-for-vaginal-birth
#10
REVIEW
Hong Jiang, Xu Qian, Guillermo Carroli, Paul Garner
BACKGROUND: Some clinicians believe that routine episiotomy, a surgical cut of the vagina and perineum, will prevent serious tears during childbirth. On the other hand, an episiotomy guarantees perineal trauma and sutures. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on mother and baby of a policy of selective episiotomy ('only if needed') compared with a policy of routine episiotomy ('part of routine management') for vaginal births. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (14 September 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171703/pelvic-floor-dysfunction-after-vaginal-and-cesarean-delivery-among-singleton-primiparas
#11
Martin Huser, Petr Janku, Robert Hudecek, Zuzana Zbozinkova, Miroslav Bursa, Vit Unzeitig, Pavel Ventruba
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms, including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), urinary incontinence (UI), and fecal incontinence (FI) among primiparous women after vaginal and cesarean delivery. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study at a university hospital in the Czech Republic, singleton primiparas with cephalic presentation who delivered at term were enrolled between 2002 and 2007. In 2013, 5-10 years after delivery, women who had not delivered again completed an internet-based survey about current symptoms of POP, UI, and FI, which were evaluated using validated questionnaires...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169915/vaginal-estrogen-a-dual-edged-sword-in-postoperative-healing-of-the-vaginal-wall
#12
Christopher M Ripperda, Pedro Antonio Maldonado, Jesus F Acevedo, Patrick W Keller, Yucel Akgul, John M Shelton, Ruth Ann Word
OBJECTIVE: Reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse is plagued with high failure rates possibly due to impaired healing or regeneration of the vaginal wall. Here, we tested the hypothesis that postoperative administration of local estrogen, direct injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), or both lead to improved wound healing of the injured vagina in a menopausal rat model. METHODS: Ovariectomized rats underwent surgical injury to the posterior vaginal wall and were randomized to treatment with placebo (n = 41), estrogen cream (n = 47), direct injection of MSCs (n = 39), or both (n = 43)...
February 6, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168410/entry-into-the-peritoneal-cavity-in-posthysterectomy-prolapse-an-educational-video
#13
C Emi Bretschneider, Karl Jallad, Patrick M Lang, Mickey M Karram, Mark D Walters
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Entry into the peritoneal cavity can be challenging in patients with posthysterectomy prolapse; however, it is important for vaginal surgeons to be able to enter the peritoneal cavity using various techniques to perform an intraperitoneal vaginal vault suspension. METHODS: We present surgical footage of various methods of accessing the peritoneal cavity in posthysterectomy prolapse using posterior, anterior and apical approaches. RESULTS: This video highlights surgical techniques that can be used to enter the peritoneal cavity in posthysterectomy prolapse in a safe and reliable manner...
February 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160508/transvaginal-management-of-severe-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-nulliparous-women
#14
Tsia-Shu Lo, Sukanda Jaili, Ma Clarissa Uy-Patrimonio, Nazura Bt Karim, Rami Ibrahim
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the management outcomes of advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in nulliparous women. METHODS: Eight nulliparous women diagnosed with POP ≥ stage 3 between January 2005 and August 2013, according to the Pelvic Organ Quantification System (POPQ), were reviewed. Seven were managed surgically and one was managed with pessary. Primary outcome was surgical objective cure (POP-Q ≤ 1) and subjective cure, defined as negative response to questions 2 and 3 on Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory 6...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155202/native-tissue-repairs-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#15
REVIEW
Justin Houman, James M Weinberger, Karyn S Eilber
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a generalized term that refers to prolapse of any of the three vaginal compartments: anterior (cystocele), posterior (rectocele), and apical (uterine and vault prolapse). POP may affect up to 50% of parous women, and as a result, one in nine women will undergo at least one surgery for POP in her lifetime. Native tissue repair is the cornerstone of prolapse surgery, especially in light of the scrutiny placed on the use of mesh for prolapse. Refinements in the procedures over time have been based on both basic anatomy and fundamentals of surgery, as well as the ongoing acquisition of new knowledge through clinical studies...
January 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154915/prolapse-symptoms-are-associated-with-abnormal-functional-anatomy-of-the-pelvic-floor
#16
Zeelha Abdool, Hans Peter Dietz, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The etiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) likely includes over-distension or tears (avulsion) of the levator ani muscle. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the association between symptoms of POP and these factors. This study was designed to determine the association between POP symptoms and clinical prolapse stage on the one hand, and pelvic floor functional anatomy on the other hand. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 258 patients seen at a tertiary urogynecological unit with symptoms of POP as defined by pertinent ICIQ questions...
February 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150258/-the-life-impacts-and-symptom-distress-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-syndrome-before-pelvic-reconstruction-surgery
#17
I-Chen Ko, Tsia-Shu Lo, Yu-Ying Lu, Lee-Ing Tsao
BACKGROUND: The decision whether or not to undergo pelvic reconstructive surgery is difficult for women suffering from pelvic organ prolapse. However, little research has examined the symptom distress and life impacts that these women face prior to this surgery. Thus, it is crucial that gynecology nurses learn about these life impacts and symptom distresses in order to help these women make the best decisions with regard to surgery. PURPOSE: To explore the life impacts and degree of symptom distress in pre-surgery women with pelvic organ prolapse; to explore the relationships between demographic data and the variables of life impact and degree of symptom distress; and to identify the factors that relate to the explainable variance in the life impacts of these women...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150032/reoperations-for-mesh-related-complications-after-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-8-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-referral-center
#18
Sophie Warembourg, Majd Labaki, Renaud de Tayrac, Pierre Costa, Brigitte Fatton
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The use of mesh in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery has become a widespread treatment option, but carries a risk of specific complications. The objective was to report the rate and type of reoperation for mesh-related complications after pelvic organ prolapse surgery in an urogynecological referral center over a period of 8 years. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out including all patients operated for a mesh complication after prolapse surgery between September 2006 and September 2014 in the urogynecology unit in Nîmes hospital...
February 1, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150029/a-uk-questionnaire-survey-of-current-techniques-used-to-perform-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair
#19
Emily Fairclough, Jenny Myers, Anthony Ross Broadhurst Smith, Suzanne Breeman, Fiona Reid
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Evidence-based medicine should result in better standardisation of practice. This study aims to evaluate whether there remains variation in surgical techniques in native tissue and graft/mesh repairs of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in UK practice. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted to describe current surgical techniques for native tissue and graft/mesh POP repairs performed by a cohort of UK surgeons recruiting to a large multicentre prolapse trial (PROSPECT)...
February 1, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145918/in-vivo-ultrasound-characteristics-of-vaginal-mesh-kit-complications
#20
Pouya Javadian, Lieschen H Quiroz, S Abbas Shobeiri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the ultrasound characteristics of vaginal mesh in women with vaginal mesh complications. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of women presenting with extrusion complications from vaginal mesh kit for prolapse at our tertiary care center between years 2009 and 2014. We included women who concurrently underwent a 3-dimensional endovaginal ultrasound (EVUS) as part of the clinical evaluation. We excluded women with incomplete charts and poor imaging quality...
January 31, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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