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"Glycated albumin"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147074/increased-levels-of-srage-in-diabetic-ckd-g5d-patients-a-potential-protective-mechanism-against-age-related-upregulation-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-inflammation
#1
Elena Dozio, Valentina Corradi, Elena Vianello, Elisa Scalzotto, Massimo de Cal, Massimiliano Marco Corsi Romanelli, Claudio Ronco
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) may induce cardiac remodeling in kidney disease by promoting fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) expression. Since AGEs are increased in diabetes mellitus (DM), our first aim was to evaluate the existence of any potential association between AGEs, FGF-23, inflammation, and increased cardiovascular risk in DM patients on dialysis (CKD-G5D). Secondarily, we explored the potential role of the soluble receptor for AGEs (sRAGE) as a marker of heart failure. Levels of glycated albumin (GA), sRAGE, c-terminal FGF-23 (cFGF-23), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and inflammatory mediators were compared between DM and non-DM CKD-G5D patients...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142432/inhibition-of-glycation-induced-cytotoxicity-protein-glycation-and-activity-of-proteolytic-enzymes-by-extract-from-perovskia-atriplicifolia-roots
#2
Mehran Miroliaei, Akram Aminjafari, Sylwester Ślusarczyk, Izabela Nawrot-Hadzik, Mehdi Rahimmalek, Adam Matkowski
Background: Protein glycation and glycotoxicity belong to the main oxidative-stress related complications in diabetes. Perovskia species are used in Asian folk medicine as antidiabetic herbs. Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the ability of the methanolic extract from Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth. roots to diminish glycation of albumin and to prevent cell damage in vitro. Furthermore, we tested the extract for in vitro antioxidant activity and inhibition of elastase and collagenase...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133805/xanthine-oxidoreductase-activity-is-associated-with-serum-uric-acid-and-glycemic-control-in-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Ayumi Nakatani, Shinya Nakatani, Eiji Ishimura, Takayo Murase, Takashi Nakamura, Mari Sakura, Yu Tateishi, Akihiro Tsuda, Masafumi Kurajoh, Katsuhito Mori, Masanori Emoto, Masaaki Inaba
Xanthine oxidoreductase activity (XOR-a) plays an important role as a pivotal source of reactive oxygen species. In the present study, we investigated factors associated with plasma XOR-a in 163 hemodialysis patients (age 67.3 ± 10.9 years; 89 males and 74 females), using a newly established, highly-sensitive assay based on [(13)C2,(15)N2] xanthine and liquid chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. Plasma glucose and serum uric acid levels correlated significantly and positively with plasma XOR-a...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106815/high-dose-glucocorticoids-treatment-does-not-induce-severe-hyperglycemia-in-young-patients-with-autoimmune-diseases-by-cgms
#4
Ying Zhou, Yan Zhao, Tao Yuan, Nan Jiang, Yingyue Dong, Yunjiao Yang, Li Wang, Jiuliang Zhao, Le Min, Weigang Zhao
INTRODUCTION: High-dose glucocorticoids (HDG) are used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Glucocorticoids-induced hyperglycemia (GIH) is often described in elderly patients. In young patients with autoimmune diseases, however, the risk for GIH has not been well characterized. METHODS: Twenty-four inpatients (median age 32 years (interquatile range 25-42)) with exacerbations of autoimmune diseases, receiving 1-2mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent methylprednisone, were recruited...
November 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104592/comparative-agreement-analysis-of-differences-in-1-5-anhydroglucitol-glycated-albumin-and-glycated-hemoglobin-a1c-levels-between-fasting-and-postprandial-states-in-steamed-bread-meal-test
#5
Hang Su, Yufei Wang, Xiaojing Ma, Xingxing He, Lingwen Ying, Junling Tang, Lu Dong, Yuqian Bao, Jian Zhou, Weiping Jia
Background: Our previous study indicated that serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels slightly increased after a glucose load; therefore, this study was conducted to explore short-term changes in 1,5-AG levels after a steamed bread meal test (SBMT) and compare the agreement of 1,5-AG, glycated albumin (GA), and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels between fasting and postprandial states after an SBMT. Methods: 104 participants were recruited and underwent a 100 g SBMT...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061312/an-additional-measurement-of-glycated-albumin-can-help-prevent-missed-diagnosis-of-diabetes-in-chinese-population
#6
Xingxing He, Lingwen Ying, Xiaojing Ma, Yun Shen, Hang Su, Jiahui Peng, Yufei Wang, Yuqian Bao, Jian Zhou, Weiping Jia
BACKGROUND: In subjects who present a first fasting plasma glucose (FPG1) ≥7.0mmol/l without classic symptoms of diabetes, diagnosis of diabetes will likely be missed without an additional oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the Chinese population. Recent studies have shown that glycated albumin (GA) has advantages in reflecting postprandial hyperglycemia. Therefore, the present study evaluated whether additional measurement of GA could reduce the rate of missed diagnosis of diabetes...
October 20, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057494/a-decrease-in-serum-1-5-anhydroglucitol-levels-is-associated-with-the-presence-of-a-first-degree-family-history-of-diabetes-in-a-chinese-population-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#7
X Hu, X He, X Ma, H Su, L Ying, J Peng, Y Wang, Y Bao, J Zhou, W Jia
AIM: This study aimed to investigate alterations in HbA1c , glycated albumin (GA) and 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) in Chinese first-degree relatives of individuals with diabetes (FDR) in pursuit of an index for early screening of glucose metabolism disturbance. METHODS: A total of 467 participants (age range: 20-78 years) with normal weight and normal glucose tolerance, as determined by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, were enrolled. HbA1c was measured using high-pressure liquid chromatography...
October 23, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055090/performance-of-nontraditional-hyperglycemia-biomarkers-by-chronic-kidney-disease-status-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#8
Molly Jung, Bethany Warren, Morgan Grams, Yuenting Diana Kwong, Tariq Shafi, Josef Coresh, Casey M Rebholz, Elizabeth Selvin
BACKGROUND: In persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) may be a problematic measure of glycemic control. Glycated albumin and fructosamine have been proposed as better markers of hyperglycemia in CKD. We investigated associations of HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine with fasting glucose by CKD categories. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1,665 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants with diagnosed diabetes aged 65 years or older...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052590/reversing-the-tide-diagnosis-and-prevention-of-t2dm-in-populations-of-african-descent
#9
REVIEW
Jean N Utumatwishima, Stephanie T Chung, Amy R Bentley, Margaret Udahogora, Anne E Sumner
Populations of African descent are at the forefront of the worldwide epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The burden of T2DM is amplified by diagnosis after preventable complications of the disease have occurred. Earlier detection would result in a reduction in undiagnosed T2DM, more accurate statistics, more informed resource allocation and better health. An underappreciated factor contributing to undiagnosed T2DM in populations of African descent is that screening tests for hyperglycaemia, specifically, fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c, perform sub-optimally in these populations...
October 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051218/stress-hyperglycemia-and-prognosis-of-minor-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-the-chance-study-clopidogrel-in-high-risk-patients-with-acute-nondisabling-cerebrovascular-events
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuesong Pan, Xueli Cai, Jing Jing, Xia Meng, Hao Li, Yongjun Wang, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, David Wang, S Claiborne Johnston, Tiemin Wei, Yilong Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the association between stress hyperglycemia and risk of new stroke in patients with a minor ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack. METHODS: A subgroup of 3026 consecutive patients from 73 prespecified sites of the CHANCE trial (Clopidogrel in High-Risk Patients With Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events) were analyzed. Stress hyperglycemia was measured by glucose/glycated albumin (GA) ratio. Glucose/GA ratio was calculated by fasting plasma glucose divided by GA and categorized into 4 even groups according to the quartiles...
November 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044634/rituximab-for-the-treatment-of-type-b-insulin-resistance-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Ken Iseri, Masayuki Iyoda, Yasuto Shikida, Takako Inokuchi, Tomoki Morikawa, Noriko Hara, Tsutomu Hirano, Takanori Shibata
BACKGROUND: Type B insulin resistance syndrome is a rare disease characterized by refractory transient hyperglycaemia and severe insulin resistance associated with circulating anti-insulin receptor antibodies. A standardized treatment regimen for type B insulin resistance syndrome has yet to be established. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 64-year-old man undergoing haemodialysis for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis and diabetic nephropathy, who developed rapid onset of hyperglycaemia (glycated albumin 52...
October 16, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031829/gain-of-function-variants-in-nlrp1-protect-against-the-development-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-nlrp1-inflammasome-role-in-metabolic-stress-sensing
#12
Jaine L S Soares, Fernanda Pereira Fernandes, Thiago Andrade Patente, Maria B Monteiro, Maria C Parisi, Daniel Giannella-Neto, Maria L Corrêa-Giannella, Alessandra Pontillo
Although inflammasome plays a well-known role in animal models of renal injury, limited studies in humans are available, and its participation in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains unknown. Aim of this study was to elucidate the contribution of inflammasome genetics in the development of DKD in type-1 diabetes (T1D). The association of functional variants in inflammasome genes with DKD was assessed by multivariate analysis in a retrospective and in a prospective cohort. NLRP1 rs2670660 and rs11651270 polymorphisms were significantly associated with a decrease risk to develop DKD (padj<0...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022053/glycated-albumin-ga-and-inflammation-role-of-ga-as-a-potential-marker-of-inflammation
#13
REVIEW
H Vernon Roohk, Asad R Zaidi, Dimple Patel
AIMS: Abnormal levels of glycated albumin (GA) are associated with the onset of both diabetes and inflammation. Although inflammation has long been associated with diabetes, this article aims to explore the underlying mechanisms of this relationship as it pertains to the role of GA. METHODS: We have reviewed 52 research articles since the year 2000. Common search terms used were "(inflammatory mediator) and GA" or "inflammation and GA". The findings have been organized according to diabetic complications with respect to the interactions of GA and inflammatory mediators...
October 11, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018354/n-acetylcysteine-counteracts-adipose-tissue-macrophage-infiltration-and-insulin-resistance-elicited-by-advanced-glycated-albumin-in-healthy-rats
#14
Karolline S da Silva, Paula R Pinto, Nelly T Fabre, Diego J Gomes, Karina Thieme, Ligia S Okuda, Rodrigo T Iborra, Vanessa G Freitas, Maria H M Shimizu, Walcy R Teodoro, Suely K N Marie, Tom Woods, Margaret A Brimble, Russell Pickford, Kerry-Anne Rye, Maristela Okamoto, Sergio Catanozi, Maria L Correa-Giannela, Ubiratan F Machado, Marisa Passarelli
Background: Advanced glycation endproducts elicit inflammation. However, their role in adipocyte macrophage infiltration and in the development of insulin resistance, especially in the absence of the deleterious biochemical pathways that coexist in diabetes mellitus, remains unknown. We investigated the effect of chronic administration of advanced glycated albumin (AGE-albumin) in healthy rats, associated or not with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment, on insulin sensitivity, adipose tissue transcriptome and macrophage infiltration and polarization...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017498/glycated-albumin-and-its-variability-as-an-indicator-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy-development-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#15
Ji Eun Jun, Seung-Eun Lee, You-Bin Lee, Ji Yeon Ahn, Gyuri Kim, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether glycated albumin (GA) and its variability are associated with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and further compared their associations with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). METHODS: This retrospective longitudinal study included 498 type 2 diabetic patients without CAN. CAN was defined as at least two abnormal results in parasympathetic tests or presence of orthostatic hypotension. The mean, standard deviation (SD), and coefficient of variance (CV) were calculated from consecutively measured GA (median 7 times) and HbA1c levels (median 8 times) over 2 years...
October 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990867/characterization-of-colchicine-binding-with-normal-and-glycated-albumin-in-vitro-and-molecular-docking-analysis
#16
Nayyar Rabbani, Shams Tabrez, Badar Ul Islam, Md Tabish Rehman, Abdulrahman M Alsenaidy, Mohamed F Alajmi, Rais Ahmad Khan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Mohd Shahnawaz Khan
The transport of more than 90% of the drugs viz. anticoagulants, analgesics and general anesthetics in the blood takes place by albumin. Hence, albumin is the prime protein needs to be investigated to find out the nature of drug binding. Serum albumin molecules are prone to glycation at elevated blood glucose levels as observed in diabetics. In this piece of work, glycation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was carried out glyceraldehyde and characterized by molecular docking and fluorometry techniques. Glycation of BSA showed 25% loss of free amino groups and decreased protein fluorescence (60%) with blue shift of 6 nm...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932995/pharmacokinetics-and-preliminary-pharmacodynamics-of-single-and-multiple-dose-lyophilized-recombinant-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-re-4-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Yitong Wang, Bingfeng Xu, Lixia Zhu, Kun Lou, Yingli Chen, Xia Zhao, Qian Wang, Ling Xu, Xiaohui Guo, Linong Ji, Yimin Cui, Yi Fang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recombinant glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (rE-4) is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, which has the same amino acid sequence to exenatide, except for the C-terminal deamidated. This study assessed the pharmacokinetics and preliminary pharmacodynamics of rE-4, following single and multiple subcutaneous injections in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN AND METHODS: In the randomized, open-label study, Chinese patients with T2DM (n = 36) were randomly assigned to three groups of rE-4 (n = 12), rE-4 with metformin (n = 12) and exenatide (n = 12, as the control group) for 12 weeks...
December 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914097/advanced-glycation-end-products-interfere-in-luteinizing-hormone-and-follicle-stimulating-hormone-signaling-in-human-granulosa-kgn-cells
#18
Eleni A Kandaraki, Antonios Chatzigeorgiou, Efstathia Papageorgiou, Christina Piperi, Christos Adamopoulos, Athanasios G Papavassiliou, Michael Koutsilieris, Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis
Advanced glycation end products accumulate in the ovarian granulosa-cell layer of women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Taken that the MAPK/ERK-pathway is a key regulator of oocyte maturation and function, consisting the main pathway used by the gonadotrophic hormones (luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone) to control ovulation, the present study aims to assess advanced glycation end products' interference into luteinizing hormone-and follicle stimulating hormone-signaling via the MAPK/ERK-pathway in the human granulosa KGN cell line...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860833/novel-biomarkers-for-prediabetes-diabetes-and-associated-complications
#19
REVIEW
Brenda Dorcely, Karin Katz, Ram Jagannathan, Stephanie S Chiang, Babajide Oluwadare, Ira J Goldberg, Michael Bergman
The number of individuals with prediabetes is expected to grow substantially and estimated to globally affect 482 million people by 2040. Therefore, effective methods for diagnosing prediabetes will be required to reduce the risk of progressing to diabetes and its complications. The current biomarkers, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fructosamine, and glycated albumin have limitations including moderate sensitivity and specificity and are inaccurate in certain clinical conditions. Therefore, identification of additional biomarkers is being explored recognizing that any single biomarker will also likely have inherent limitations...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853715/aptasensor-based-optical-detection-of-glycated-albumin-for-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosis
#20
Shreya Ghosh, Debopam Datta, Mehar Cheema, Mitra Dutta, Michael A Stroscio
Glycated Albumin (GA) has been reported as an important biomarker for diabetes mellitus. This study investigates an optical sensor comprised of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) aptamer, semiconductor quantum dot and gold (Au) nanoparticle for the detection of GA. The system functions as a 'turn on' sensor because an increase in photoluminescence intensity is observed upon the addition of glycated albumin to the sensor. This is possibly because of the structure of the DNA aptamer, which folds to form a large hairpin loop before the addition of the analyte and is assumed to open up after the addition of target to the sensor in order to bind to GA...
August 30, 2017: Nanotechnology
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