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"Glycated albumin"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289237/impact-of-glycemic-control-on-efficacy-of-clopidogrel-in-transient-ischemic-attack-or-minor-stroke-patients-with-cyp2c19-genetic-variants
#1
Yi Lin, Anxin Wang, Jiejie Li, Jinxi Lin, David Wang, Xia Meng, Lixian Ou, Weiqi Chen, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dysglycemia may influence the predictive value of CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele for clinical efficacy of antiplatelet drug, but the role of glycated albumin (GA) remains unclear in patients with stroke on antiplatelet drugs. METHODS: The CHANCE trial (Clopidogrel in High-Risk Patients With Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events) included 2933 patients who had GA levels and CYP2C19 genotyping. Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the interaction between CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele (*2, *3) carrier status and the effect of antiplatelet therapy based on their GA levels...
March 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280052/cross-sectional-analysis-of-age-cml-srage-and-esrage-with-diabetes-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-a-community-based-cohort
#2
Stephanie J Loomis, Yuan Chen, David B Sacks, Eric S Christenson, Robert H Christenson, Casey M Rebholz, Elizabeth Selvin
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their receptors are regarded as central to the development of diabetic complications, but associations with diabetes and cardiometabolic outcomes in previous studies are mixed. METHODS: Using ELISA assays, we measured N(6)-carboxymethyllysine (AGE-CML), soluble receptor for AGEs (sRAGE), and endogenous secreted receptor for AGEs (esRAGE) in 1874 participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273997/teneligliptin-in-management-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-a-review-of-place-in-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Mohammed Abubaker, Preetesh Mishra, Onkar C Swami
Diabetes is a global health emergency of this century. Diabetic nephropathy is the most common microvascular complication associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). T2DM has been reported as a major etiological factor in almost 45% of patients undergoing dialysis due to kidney failure. Lifestyle modifications; cessation of smoking, optimum control of blood glucose, blood pressure and lipids are required to reduce the progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD). Presently, Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are preferred in the management of T2DM due to their established efficacy; favorable tolerability including, low risk of hypoglycaemia; weight neutrality and convenient once-a-day dosage...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260702/effects-of-50-mg-vildagliptin-twice-daily-vs-50-mg-sitagliptin-once-daily-on-blood-glucose-fluctuations-evaluated-by-long-term-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose
#4
Hiroshi Nomoto, Kimihiko Kimachi, Hideaki Miyoshi, Hiraku Kameda, Kyu Yong Cho, Akinobu Nakamura, So Nagai, Takuma Kondo, Tatsuya Atsumi
To date, several clinical trials have compared differences in glucose fluctuation observed with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, most patients were assessed for limited periods or during hospitalization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of switching from sitagliptin to vildagliptin, or vice versa, on 12-week glucose fluctuations using self-monitoring of blood glucose in the standard care setting. We conducted a multicenter, prospective, open-label controlled trial in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes...
March 3, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249917/hba1c-and-glycated-albumin-levels-are-high-in-gastrectomized-subjects-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#5
Shinya Inada, Masafumi Koga
We report that glycated albumin (GA) is higher relative to HbA1c in non-diabetic, gastrectomized subjects without anemia, and thus is a sign of oxyhyperglycemia. It is known that gastrectomized subjects are prone to iron-deficiency anemia (IDA), and that the HbA1c levels of subjects with IDA are falsely high. In the present study, the HbA1c and GA levels of gastrectomized subjects with IDA were compared with gastrectomized subjects without anemia. Seven non-diabetic gastrectomized subjects with IDA were enrolled in the present study...
January 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242866/cross-over-study-comparing-postprandial-glycemic-increase-after-addition-of-a-fixed-dose-mitiglinide-voglibose-combination-or-a-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-to-basal-insulin-therapy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Noriko Ihana-Sugiyama, Ritsuko Yamamoto-Honda, Takehiro Sugiyama, Tetsuro Tsujimoto, Masafumi Kakei, Mitsuhiko Noda
BACKGROUND Although the efficacy of combination therapy consisting of basal insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) has been shown, which OHAs are the most efficient remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled and treated with insulin degludec and metformin as a basal therapy. The patients were randomized in a cross-over fashion to receive a combination of mitiglinide (10 mg) and voglibose (0.2 mg) (M+V) 3 times daily or linagliptin (5 mg) (L) once daily for 8 weeks...
February 28, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170537/adenosine-deaminase-2-induced-hyperpermeability-in-human-retinal-vascular-endothelial-cells-is-suppressed-by-microrna-146b-3p
#7
Yara A Samra, Heba M Saleh, Khaled A Hussein, Nehal M Elsherbiny, Ahmed S Ibrahim, Khaled Elmasry, Sadanand Fulzele, Mamdouh M El-Shishtawy, Laila A Eissa, Mohamed Al-Shabrawey, Gregory I Liou
Purpose: We recently demonstrated that adenosine deaminase-2 (ADA2) contributes to diabetic retinopathy (DR) via up-regulating the production of inflammatory cytokines in macrophages. Also, microRNA (miR)-146b-3p has the ability to inhibit ADA2. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential role of ADA2 and therapeutic benefit of miR-146b-3p in retinal inflammation and endothelial barrier dysfunction during diabetes. Methods: Adenosine deaminase-2 activity was determined by colorimetric method in diabetic human vitreous...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167326/association-of-grade-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-glycated-albumin-to-glycated-hemoglobin-ratio-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Chan-Hee Jung, Bora Lee, Dug-Hyun Choi, Sang-Hee Jung, Bo-Yeon Kim, Chul-Hee Kim, Sung-Koo Kang, Ji-Oh Mok
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the glycated albumin (GA) to glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (GA/HbA1c) ratio and grade of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) on ultrasonography (US) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed with data obtained from 186 T2DM patients. Participants were assessed for serum GA/HbA1c ratio and fatty liver using US. NAFLD was defined as ultrasonographically detected fatty liver and was graded as normal, mild, moderate, and severe fatty liver...
March 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163034/serum-glycated-albumin-glycated-hemoglobin-and-arterial-stiffness-in-a-general-chinese-population
#9
Qiang Zeng, Sheng-Yong Dong, Man-Liu Wang, Wei-Min Wang, Jin-Ming Li, Zheng-Xue Dai, Jie Li, Shu-Wen Yang, Ling Zhu
BACKGROUND: Both glycated albumin (GA) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reflect the mean glucose levels. This study was conducted to investigate the relationships among GA, HbA1c, and arterial stiffness in the general population. METHODS: A total of 11,014 participants were included. Serum GA; HbA1c; and arterial stiffness indices, including brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and central systolic blood pressure (cSBP), were measured. Single-factor and multivariate regression analyses were performed...
February 2, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126733/glycation-abolishes-the-cardioprotective-effects-of-albumin-during-ex%C3%A2-vivo-ischemia-reperfusion
#10
Rudo F Mapanga, Danzil E Joseph, Marco Saieva, Florence Boyer, Philippe Rondeau, Emmanuel Bourdon, M Faadiel Essop
Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress plays a key role in the onset/progression of cardiovascular diseases. For example, it can trigger formation of advanced glycation end (AGE) products with ischemia-reperfusion performed under hyperglycemic conditions. For this study, we hypothesized that albumin modified by glycation loses its unique cardioprotective properties in the setting of ischemia-reperfusion under high glucose conditions. Here, ex vivo rat heart perfusions were performed under simulated normo- and hyperglycemic conditions, that is Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing 11 mmol/L and 33 mmol/L glucose, respectively, ± normal or glycated albumin preparations...
January 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123707/re-evaluation-of-glycated-hemoglobin-and-glycated-albumin-with-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system-as-markers-of-glycemia-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#11
Hiroshi Isoda, Hirokazu Takahashi, Yuichiro Eguchi, Motoyasu Kojima, Kanako Inoue, Kenichiro Murayama, Yayoi Matsuda, Keizo Anzai
Liver cirrhosis (LC) is frequently accompanied by glucose intolerance. The present study was designed to determine whether glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and glycated albumin (GA) were predictive markers of glycemia, as determined by a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS), in patients with LC. A total of 30 patients with LC, including 3, 19, 5, 2 and 1 with LC due to hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, alcohol and unknown causes, respectively, were assessed by CGMS. The average, maximum and minimum blood glucose (BG) levels were measured by CGMS, and correlated with HbA1c and GA...
January 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074608/aged-garlic-extract-suppresses-the-increase-of-plasma-glycated-albumin-level-and-enhances-the-amp-activated-protein-kinase-in-adipose-tissue-in-tsod-mice
#12
Satomi Miki, Ken-Ichi Inokuma, Miyuki Takashima, Mitsuho Nishida, Yoko Sasaki, Mitsuyasu Ushijima, Jun-Ichiro Suzuki, Naoaki Morihara
SCOPE: In this study, we investigated the effect of aged garlic extract (AGE) on the high level of blood glucose in Tsumura Suzuki Obese-Diabetes (TSOD) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: TSOD mice were fed standard diet with or without 2% AGE for 19 weeks. AGE treatment lowered the blood glucose level and significantly reduced the plasma level of glycated albumin in TSOD mice as compared with those without AGE treatment. In addition, AGE treatment increased the level of phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the adipose tissue, liver and muscle that played an important role in the maintenance of insulin sensitivity...
January 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067098/glycated-albumin-modifies-platelet-adhesion-and-aggregation-responses
#13
Ioana Soaita, Wei Yin, David A Rubenstein
A diabetic vasculature is detrimental to cardiovascular health through the actions of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on endothelial cells and platelets. Platelets activated by AGEs agonize endothelial responses promoting cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. While it has been established that AGEs can alter platelet functions, little is known about the specific platelet pathways that AGEs modify. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of AGEs on specific salient platelet pathways related to CVDs and whether the effects that AGEs elicit are dependent on glycation extent...
January 9, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019072/efficacy-safety-and-albuminuria-reducing-effect-of-gemigliptin-in-korean-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-renal-impairment-a-12-week-double-blind-randomized-study-the-guard-study
#14
Sun A Yoon, Byoung G Han, Sung G Kim, Sang Y Han, Young I Jo, Kyung H Jeong, Kook H Oh, Hyeong C Park, Sun H Park, Shin W Kang, Ki R Na, Sun W Kang, Nam H Kim, Young H Jang, Seong H Shin, Dae R Cha
AIMS: This multicentre, randomized, double-blind study investigated the efficacy and safety of gemigliptin in Korean type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with moderate to severe renal impairment (RI). METHODS: The study comprised a 12-week main part and a 40-week extension. We report here the results from the main part. In total, 132 patients were randomized to receive gemigliptin (n = 66) or placebo (n = 66). Changes in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c; primary endpoint), other glycaemic control parameters (fasting plasma glucose, glycated albumin and fructosamine), lipid profiles, renal function parameters and safety profiles were evaluated...
December 25, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005306/non-enzymatic-glycation-interferes-with-fibronectin-integrin-interactions-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#15
Srijita Dhar, Zhe Sun, Gerald A Meininger, Michael A Hill
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether advanced non-enzymatic glycation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein, fibronectin, impacts its normal integrin-mediated interaction with arteriolar vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). METHODS: Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was performed on cultured VSMC from rat cremaster arterioles to study native and glycated fibronectin (FN and gFN) interactions with cellular integrins. AFM probes were functionalized with FN or gFN or with native or glycated albumin (gAlb) as controls...
December 22, 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004067/-advanced-glycated-albumin-induces-macrophage-apoptosis-via-activating-caspase-12-pathway
#16
Jin-Guo Li, Qi Hao, Ying-Xue Liu, Peng Li, Peng Li, Xia-Yan Shao, Hua Tian, Yong-Qi Fang, Shu-Tong Yao
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of advanced glycated albumin (AGE-alb) on the activation of caspase-12, a key molecule in endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-associated apoptotic pathway, and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms of macrophage apoptosis. RAW264.7 macrophages were treated with AGE-alb (2, 4 and 6 g/L), control albumin (C-alb, 4 g/L), tunicamycin (TM, 4 mg/L), or pretreated with 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA, 5 mmol/L) for 1 h and then treated with AGE-alb (4 g/L)...
December 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995726/glycemic-control-indicator-levels-at-diagnosis-of-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-comparison-with-other-types-of-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Shigeru Suzuki, Akiko Furuya, Yusuke Tanahashi, Hiroshi Azuma, Yukihiro Bando, Soji Kasayama, Masafumi Koga
BACKGROUND: Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a monogenic insulin-dependent diabetes that develops within 6 months of age. The progression of hyperglycemia until diagnosis is unknown. Glycemic control indicators at diagnosis are useful to estimate the extent and duration of hyperglycemia. We recently established that age-adjusted glycated albumin (GA) is a useful indicator of glycemic control, regardless of age. OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of various glycemic control indicators at diagnosis between NDM and other types of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus...
December 20, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933186/effect-of-type-and-amount-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-biomarkers-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-c-reactive-protein-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-results-from-the-omnicarb-trial
#18
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Elizabeth Selvin, Vincent J Carey, Lawrence J Appel, Robert H Christenson, Frank M Sacks
OBJECTIVE: The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrate is thought to affect glucose homeostasis. Recently, the Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes Study (OmniCarb) trial reported that a low-GI diet did not improve insulin sensitivity. We conducted this ancillary study of the OmniCarb trial to determine the effects of GI and carbohydrate content on glucose homeostasis and inflammation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: OmniCarb was a randomized cross-over feeding study conducted in overweight or obese adults without diabetes (N=163)...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923630/association-of-glycated-albumin-to-hba1c-ratio-with-diabetic-retinopathy-but-not-diabetic-nephropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Yutaka Umayahara, Yohei Fujita, Hirotaka Watanabe, Noriko Kasai, Noritaka Fujiki, Masahiro Hatazaki, Masafumi Koga
OBJECTIVES: The ratio of glycated albumin to HbA1c (GA/HbA1c ratio) is a known indicator that reflects fluctuations in plasma glucose. In this study, the association of the GA/HbA1c ratio to diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes was investigated. DESIGN AND METHODS: Among patients with type 2 diabetes, 613 patients (364 males and 249 females, aged 63.2±12.5, body mass index (BMI) 25.4±4.8kg/m(2)) were enrolled. Patients with overt proteinuria, reduced renal function, or anemia were excluded...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896233/serum-fructosamine-serum-glycated-albumin-and-serum-glycated-%C3%AE-lipoprotein-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-and-without-microvascular-complications
#20
Tejaskumar R Kalaria, Habibunnisha B Sirajwala, Mukesh G Gohel
BACKGROUND: Glycation of serum proteins has been proposed as an important mechanism of complications of diabetes but whether there are differences in glycation of different serum proteins and whether it has any correlation with development of microvascular complications has not been studied in depth. This study aimed to assess level of serum fructosamine, glycated albumin and glycated β-lipoprotein in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with and without microvascular complications and to find out their correlation with diabetes complications...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
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