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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471228/correlates-and-trends-in-youth-co-use-of-marijuana-and-tobacco-in-the-united-states-2005-2014
#1
Gillian L Schauer, Erica N Peters
BACKGROUND: Past-month marijuana and tobacco use (co-use) are increasing among U.S. adults, but little is known about the prevalence of co-use among U.S. youth. This study uses nationally representative data to assess the prevalence, correlates, and trends in co-use of marijuana and tobacco, tobacco-only use, and marijuana-only use among U.S. youth. METHODS: Data came from 176,245 youth ages 12-17 who responded to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health - a nationally representative, household interview survey - between 2005 and 2014...
February 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469591/associations-of-health-insurance-coverage-mental-health-problems-and-drug-use-with-mental-health-service-use-in-us-adults-an-analysis-of-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#2
Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mental health service use among US adults, examine the associations of mental health service use with health insurance coverage, mental health problems and drug use, and detect health disparities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 5,434 adults receiving mental health service out of 37,424 adult respondents from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Weighted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations of potential factors with mental health service use...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464442/the-use-of-vv-ecmo-in-patients-with-drug-dependencies
#3
George Stoyle, Peter Fawcett, Ignacio Malagon
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of illicit drug and alcohol dependencies on mortality, length of stay, and complications in patients who have been supported with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) following respiratory failure not responsive to conventional methods of ventilation. 584 VV-ECMO referrals received at Wythenshawe Hospital were reviewed for evidence of drug dependency. 13 patients were identified as being drug-dependent and having undergone treatment with VV-ECMO...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462346/a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations-of-local-authority-commissioned-preventative-public-health-interventions-in-overweight-and-obesity-physical-inactivity-alcohol-and-illicit-drugs-use-and-smoking-cessation-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
Pam White, Helen Skirrow, Abraham George, Anjum Memon
Background: Since 2013, local authorities in England have been responsible for commissioning preventative public health interventions. The aim of this systematic review was to support commissioning by collating published data on economic evaluations and modelling of local authority commissioned public health preventative interventions in the UK. Methods: Following the PRISMA protocol, we searched for economic evaluations of preventative intervention studies in four different areas: overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol and illicit drugs use and smoking cessation...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462320/air-quality-inside-police-drug-safes-and-drug-storage-areas
#5
Gregory S Doran, Ralph Deans, Carlo De Filippis, Chris Kostakis, Julia A Howitt
Storage of drug-based evidence inside sealed safes may allow chemical vapors to accumulate, creating concerns of drug exposure by inhalation, or the possibility of cross-contamination of drug evidence. Air samples were taken from inside eight drug safes and one small storage room at nine city and country police stations, as well as a large centralized drug evidence storage vault, in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Sorbent tubes containing charcoal were used to determine whether any drug residues could be detected in the air, and to identify the types of chemicals present...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462274/increased-mrsa-septicemia-may-be-due-to-illicit-intravenous-drug-use-in-the-south
#6
Forest W Arnold, Leslie A Beavin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462103/hospital-maternal-and-birth-factors-associated-with-hepatitis-b-vaccination-at-birth-west-virginia-2015
#7
Joel Massey, Anil Nair, Stephanie Dietz, Deborah Snaman, Danae Bixler
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a bloodborne pathogen typically transmitted through sexual contact, injection drug use, or perinatally. A hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) is available; the first dose is recommended at birth. We sought to identify hospital policy, maternal characteristics, and birth factors associated with HepB receipt at birth in West Virginia (WV). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of WV live births in 2015 using vital records matched to immunization registry records to determine frequency of HepB birth dose receipt (<3 days postdelivery)...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459328/risk-of-fentanyl-involved-overdose-among-those-with-past-year-incarceration-findings-from-a-recent-outbreak-in-2014-and-2015
#8
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Alexandria Macmadu, Brandon D L Marshall, Andrew Heise, Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Josiah D Rich, Traci C Green
Overdose is the leading cause of unintentional injury-related death. Rhode Island (RI) has the highest rate of illicit drug use nationally and the 5th highest overdose mortality rate. RI has experienced an outbreak of fentanyl-related overdoses. In incarcerated populations, risk of overdose is greatly elevated. However, little is known about fentanyl-related overdose post-release. In the current analyses, we identify changes in fentanyl-related fatal overdose among those who died in 2014 and 2015 who were incarcerated in the year before death...
February 9, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459212/drug-affordability-potential-tool-for-comparing-illicit-drug-markets
#9
Teodora Groshkova, Andrew Cunningham, Luis Royuela, Nicola Singleton, Tony Saggers, Roumen Sedefov
BACKGROUND: The importance of illicit drug price data and making appropriate adjustments for purity has been repeatedly highlighted for understanding illicit drug markets. The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has been collecting retail price data for a number of drug types alongside drug-specific purity information for over 15 years. While these data are useful for a number of monitoring and analytical purposes, they are not without their limitations and there are circumstances where additional adjustment needs to be considered...
February 16, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459175/-alveolar-hemorrhage-and-cocaine-use
#10
REVIEW
M Underner, J Perriot, B Wallaert, G Peiffer, J-C Meurice, N Jaafari
In France, cocaine is the second most commonly illicit drug used after cannabis. Cocaine, mainly smoked in the form of crack, can be responsible for a wide range of respiratory disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review was to clarify what is known about the link between cocaine use and alveolar hemorrhage. We performed a Medline search covering the period 1980-2016 and collected data from 84 articles. The number of acute forms described in the literature is small but postmortem studies show that hidden forms are frequent...
February 16, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458910/maternal-characteristics-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-illicit-drug-using-women-in-an-urban-setting
#11
Pitchaya Homsup, Chadakarn Phaloprakarn, Siriwan Tangjitgamol, Sumonmal Manusirivithaya
OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics and pregnancy outcomes among pregnant illicit drug users living in an urban area, and to describe trends in drug use over an 8-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on pregnant women living in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region who delivered at our institution during 2008-2015 were studied. Women with drug use (n = 197) and women without drug use (n = 787) were compared in terms of maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458743/sleep-disturbance-as-a-predictor-of-time-to-drug-and-alcohol-use-treatment-in-primary-care
#12
Lisa R Fortuna, Benjamin Cook, Michelle V Porche, Ye Wang, Ana Maria Amaris, Margarita Alegria
BACKGROUND: Sleep Disturbances (SDs) are a symptom common to mental health disorders (MHD) and substance use disorders (SUD). We aimed to identify the value of SD as a predictor for subsequent treatment of illicit drug and alcohol use disorders (SUDs) in primary care and relative to the predictive value of mental health disorders (MHDs). METHODS: We used electronic health records data from ambulatory primary care in a safety net Boston area healthcare system from 2013 to 2015 (n = 83,920)...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455170/comparison-and-validation-of-screening-tools-for-substance-use-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-maryland-prenatal-clinics
#13
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Emmanuel A Oga, Erica N Peters, Kathleen Trocin, Bartosz Koszowski, Katrina Mark
INTRODUCTION: Prescription-drug use in the USA has increased by more than 60% in the last three decades. Prevalence of prescription-drug use among pregnant women is currently estimated around 50%. Prevalence of illicit drug use in the USA is 14.6% among pregnant adolescents, 8.6% among pregnant young adults and 3.2% among pregnant adults. The first step in identifying problematic drug use during pregnancy is screening; however, no specific substance-use screener has been universally recommended for use with pregnant women to identify illicit or prescription-drug use...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453006/illicit-and-prescription-drug-misuse-as-reported-to-the-maine-diversion-alert-program
#14
Brian J Piper, Michael J Suarez, John P Piserchio, Dipam T Shah, Olapeju M Simoyan, Kenneth L McCall, Clare E Desrosiers, Stephanie D Nichols
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic is rapidly evolving and new tools are needed to combat drug abuse. The Maine Diversion Alert Program (DAP) is an informational resource that facilitates communication about drug arrests between the criminal justice and healthcare fields. The objectives of this report were to: (1) describe the illegal and prescription pharmaceuticals reported to the DAP; (2) determine if the drugs implicated in arrests changed from the first to latter half of 2016; (3) identify the demographic and other characteristics of arrestees; and (4) outline the strengths and limitations of the DAP for other areas considering implementing similar programs...
February 6, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451815/gender-differences-in-substance-use-treatment-and-substance-use-among-adults-on-probation
#15
Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Scott T Walters, Jennifer Lerch, Faye S Taxman
BACKGROUND: Although many formal and informal substance use treatment programs were originally designed for men, no studies have investigated how gender affects the use of substance use treatment modalities, and how gender differences in treatment utilization impact substance use in the unique probation context. OBJECTIVE: To describe gender differences in use and effectiveness of substance use treatment modalities (formal and informal) among probationers. METHODS: Longitudinal data were obtained from 335 individuals (93 women) who participated in the Motivational Assessment Program to Initiate Treatment (MAPIT) study...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450253/drug-nicotine-and-alcohol-use-among-exercisers-does-substance-addiction-co-occur-with-exercise-addiction
#16
Attila Szabo, Mark D Griffiths, Rikke Aarhus H√łglid, Zsolt Demetrovics
Background: Scholastic works suggest that those at risk for exercise addiction are also often addicted to illicit drugs, nicotine, and/or alcohol, but empirical evidence is lacking. Aims: The aim of the present work was to examine the co-occurrence of illicit drug, nicotine, and alcohol use frequency (prevalence of users) and severity (level of problem in users) among exercisers classified at three levels of risk for exercise addiction: (i) asymptomatic, (ii) symptomatic, and (iii) at-risk...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450244/characteristics-of-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-over-a-15-year-period-among-homeless-adults-experiencing-mental-illness
#17
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450230/do-addicts-have-free-will-an-empirical-approach-to-a-vexing-question
#18
Gene M Heyman
Introduction: This paper addresses two overlapping questions: Do addicts have the capacity to voluntarily quit drugs? And do individuals knowingly pursue courses of action that they realize are bad for them, such as excessive drug use? Methods: I propose two testable versions of free will. First, the observation that activities differ in the degree to which they are susceptible to the influence of their consequences (e.g., costs and benefits) has proven a useful criterion for classifying behavior as voluntary or involuntary...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449106/hair-analysis-in-toxicological-investigation-of-drug-facilitated-crimes-in-denmark-over-a-8-year-period
#19
Xin Wang, Sys Stybe Johansen, Marie Katrine Klose Nielsen, Kristian Linnet
Hair can serve as a specimen for identifying past drug exposure. Segmental hair analysis may differentiate a single exposure from chronic use. Consequently, segmental hair analysis is useful for disclosing a single drug ingestion, as well as for determining repeated exposures in drug-facilitated crimes (DFCs). This paper presents an overview of toxicological investigations that have used hair analysis in DFC cases from 2009 to 2016 in Denmark. Hair concentrations were determined for 24 DFC-related drugs and metabolites, including benzodiazepines and other hypnotics, antihistamines, opioid analgesics, antipsychotics, barbiturates, and illicit drugs from DFC cases...
February 5, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449105/comparing-cryptomarkets-for-drugs-a-characterisation-of-sellers-and-buyers-over-time
#20
Meropi Tzanetakis
INTRODUCTION: Cryptomarkets operating on the darknet are a recent phenomenon that has gained importance only over the last couple of years (Barratt, 2012). However, they now constitute an evolving part of illicit drug markets. Although selling and buying a variety of psychoactive substances on the Internet has a long history, new technological developments enable systematic drug trading on the net.These technological innovations on the Internet allow users to proceed with (illicit) drug transactions with almost completely anonymous identities and locations...
February 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
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