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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329227/incident-cardiovascular-events-and-death-in-individuals-with-restless-legs-syndrome-or-periodic-limb-movements-in-sleep-a-systematic-review
#1
Tetyana Kendzerska, Maneesha Kamra, Brian J Murray, Mark I Boulos
Study Objectives: To systematically review the current evidence examining restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movements (PLMS) as prognostic factors for all-cause mortality and incident cardiovascular events (CVE) in longitudinal studies published in the adult population. Methods: All English language studies (from 1947 to 2016) found through Medline and Embase, as well as bibliographies of identified articles, were considered eligible. Quality was evaluated using published guidelines...
February 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290890/-factors-associated-with-immediate-results-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-in-the-presence-of-type-2-diabetes
#2
A N Sumin, N A Bezdenezhnyh, A V Bezdenezhnyh, S V Ivanov, O L Barbarash
OBJECTIVE: to elucidate factors associated with cardiovascular events (CVE) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) depending on the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 667 patients who underwent CABG during the period from 2006 to 2009 (317 patients with and 350 patients without DM2 and other disorders of glucose metabolism with comparable by sex, age and CABG characteristics) were analyzed retrospectively. The relationship of registered possible predictors with incidence of CVE was evaluated in a logistic regression model...
October 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283010/-effects-of-azithromycin-and-chlorella-vulgaris-treatment-on-certain-cytokine-values-and-nk-cell-activity-in-an-acute-murine-toxoplasmosis-model
#3
Deniz Gözde Çelik Payçu, Özden Büyükbaba Boral
Toxoplasmosis is a common infection with a complicated treatment process. Azithromycin (AZT) is a macrolide antibiotic that can be effectively used in patients with cerebral and ocular toxoplasmosis and has fewer side effects. Chlorella vulgaris (CV), a single-cell green algae that contains nutrients and has various biological effects. CV extract (CVE) has been shown to have protective effects against infections via immune enhancement by increasing the cytotoxicity of NK cells, IL-12 and IFN-γ levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of AZT and CV, individually and in combination, against acute toxoplasmosis in mice, and their effects on NK cell cytotoxixity, IL-12, IFN-γ, and IL-2 levels...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247215/first-line-screening-tests-for-cushing-s-syndrome-in-patients-with-adrenal-incidentaloma-the-role-of-urinary-free-cortisol-measured-by-lc-ms-ms
#4
F Ceccato, G Antonelli, A C Frigo, D Regazzo, M Plebani, M Boscaro, C Scaroni
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Patients with adrenal incidentaloma present a wide range of cortisol secretion, which is not always properly defined by first-line screening tests recommended to rule out Cushing's syndrome (CS), such as 1-mg dexamethasone suppression test (1-mg DST), late night salivary cortisol (LNSC), or 24-h urinary free cortisol (UFC). Therefore, we examined the diagnostic performance of each screening test in patients with adrenal incidentaloma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a series of 164 consecutive patients with adrenal incidentaloma, we measured serum cortisol after 1-mg DST, LNSC, and UFC (with LC-MS/MS)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165171/less-is-more-neural-activity-during-very-brief-and-clearly-visible-exposure-to-phobic-stimuli
#5
Paul Siegel, Richard Warren, Zhishun Wang, Jie Yang, Don Cohen, Jason F Anderson, Lilly Murray, Bradley S Peterson
Research on automatic processes in fear has emphasized the provocation of fear responses rather than their attenuation. We have previously shown that the repeated presentation of feared images without conscious awareness via backward masking reduces avoidance of a live tarantula in spider-phobic participants. Herein we investigated the neural basis for these adaptive effects of masked exposure. 21 spider-phobic and 21 control participants, identified by a psychiatric interview, fear questionnaire, and approaching a live tarantula, viewed stimuli in each of three conditions: (1) very brief exposure (VBE) to masked images of spiders, severely limited awareness; (2) clearly visible exposure (CVE) to spiders, full awareness; and (3) masked images of flowers (control), severely limited awareness...
February 6, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104156/long-term-outcomes-in-kidney-transplantation-from-expanded-criteria-donors-after-circulatory-death
#6
Y Tomita, T Tojimbara, K Iwadoh, I Nakajima, S Fuchinoue
The number of recipients waiting for a transplant is increasing. In Japan, there is more frequent use of organs from expanded-criteria donors (ECDs) after circulatory death. We retrospectively analyzed long-term outcomes of kidney transplantation (KT) from expanded-criteria donation after circulatory death (DCD). From 1995 to 2013, 97 cases of KT from DCD donors were performed in our department. Death-censored graft survival rates of ECD kidneys (n = 50) versus standard-criteria deceased-donor (SCD) kidneys (n = 47) for 1, 5, and 10 years after transplantation were 84...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103312/increased-cardiovascular-events-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-1-year-prospective-single-centre-study
#7
Piero Ruscitti, Paola Cipriani, Francesco Masedu, Silvio Romano, Onorina Berardicurti, Vasiliki Liakouli, Francesco Carubbi, Paola Di Benedetto, Saverio Alvaro, Maria Penco, Marco Valenti, Roberto Giacomelli
OBJECTIVES: Several studies showed the close relationship between Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and cerebro-cardiovascular events (CVEs) and subclinical atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of CVEs and subclinical atherosclerosis during the course of RA and we evaluated the possible role of both traditional cardiovascular (CV) and disease related risk factors to predict the occurrence of new CVEs and the onset of subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: We designed a single centre, bias-adjusted, prospective, observational study to investigate, in a homogeneous subset of RA patients, the occurrence of new onset of CVEs and subclinical atherosclerosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087173/at-the-heart-of-the-problem-a-person-centred-developmental-perspective-on-the-link-between-alcohol-consumption-and-cardio-vascular-events
#8
Valéria Lima Passos, Sven Klijn, Kevin van Zandvoort, Latifa Abidi, Paul Lemmens
INTRODUCTION: The cardio-protective effect of alcohol has been the subject of a long-standing scientific controversy. Emerging evidence remains equivocal, as the validity of the dose-dependent J-shape association is tainted by conceptual, theoretical and methodological problems. A major impediment for a resolution on the matter is the lack of a life-long developmental approach to pinpoint alcohol's specific impact on the risk for cardio-vascular events (CVE). OBJECTIVE: Using retrospective and prospective individual-level data of alcohol consumption (AC) we applied a model-based clustering technique to uncover life-course trajectories of AC and explored their links to CVE...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073956/the-effect-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-autoantibodies-on-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events-in-a-large-inception-cohort-of-early-inflammatory-arthritis
#9
Lillian J Barra, Janet E Pope, Carol Hitchon, Gilles Boire, Orit Schieir, Daming Lin, Carter J Thorne, Diane Tin, Edward C Keystone, Boulos Haraoui, Shahin Jamal, Vivian P Bykerk
OBJECTIVE: RA is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events (CVEs). The objective was to estimate independent effects of RA autoantibodies on the incident CVEs in patients with early RA. METHODS: Patients were enrolled in the Canadian Early Inflammatory Arthritis Cohort, a prospective multicentre inception cohort. Incident CVEs, including acute coronary syndromes and cerebrovascular events, were self-reported by the patient and partially validated by medical chart review...
January 9, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056466/subacute-subclinical-brain-infarctions-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-negatively-impact-cognitive-function-in-long-term-follow-up
#10
Alexander Ghanem, Jonas Dörner, Leonie Schulze-Hagen, Andreas Müller, Marius Wilsing, Jan-Malte Sinning, Julian Lütkens, Christian Frerker, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Ingo Gräff, Hans Schild, Nikos Werner, Eberhard Grube, Georg Nickenig
AIMS: To date every post-procedural cerebrovascular embolic event (CVE) is dreaded for its potential to accelerate cognitive decline after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This study differentiates the impact of acute (procedural) and post-acute cerebrovascular embolic events (CVEs) on cognitive performance. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before, early and late after TAVI was performed to quantify embolic burden. Quantification of diffusion- and T1-weighted lesions, as well as white-matter and total brain volumes, as well as cognitive function testing (MMSE) were assessed in 28 patients with a medium follow-up period of 34 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031149/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-a-careful-symptom-evaluation-and-high-sensitive-troponin-in-patients-with-suspected-stable-angina-pectoris-without-prior-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Debbie M Madsen, Axel C P Diederichsen, Susanne E Hosbond, Oke Gerke, Hans Mickley
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Typical angina pectoris (AP) and high-sensitive troponin I (hs-TnI) are independently associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and future cardiovascular events (CVE). This study aimed to assess the individual and combined diagnostic and prognostic impact of symptoms and hs-TnI in stable chest pain patients without prior cardiovascular disease. METHODS: During a one-year period, 487 patients with suspected stable AP underwent invasive or CT-coronary angiography (significant stenosis ≥50%)...
March 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017631/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-the-risk-of-clinical-cardiovascular-events-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Shadi Hamdeh, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Venkata M Alla
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have assessed the association between Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, results have been conflicting due to variability in definitions of NAFLD and ascertainment of CVD, often combining clinical and surrogate endpoints. We therefore systematically reviewed published literature to assess the association between NAFLD and clinical cardiovascular events (CVE) and performed a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases using terms "nonalcoholic fatty liver disease", "nonalcoholic steatohepatitis", "cardiovascular disease", and their combinations to identify prospective studies published from inception through March 2016...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990181/risk-of-cerebral-embolization-with-caseous-calcification-of-the-mitral-annulus-review-article
#13
Charles A Dietl, Christopher M Hawthorn, Veena Raizada
BACKGROUND: Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is believed to have a benign prognosis. Several authors have recommended conservative management in asymptomatic patients. However, the prevalence of cerebrovascular events (CVE) in patients with CCMA has never been evaluated before. The aims of this study are to investigate whether patients with CCMA are at increased risk of cerebral embolization, and to determine whether elective surgical resection of CCMA should be considered to prevent a cardioembolic stroke...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978810/asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-is-not-an-independent-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-events-or-overall-mortality-in-the-general-population-of-the-busselton-health-study
#14
Johannes Nossent, Warren Raymond, Mark Divitini, Matthew Knuiman
BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of uric acid (UA) levels on cardiovascular disease and mortality at a population level. METHODS: Prospective analysis of baseline serum UA measurement and 15 year follow-up data from the Busselton Health Survey (n = 4,173), stratified by existence or absence of baseline cardiovascular disease. Outcomes were ascertained from state-wide hospital discharge and mortality registries. Cox regression produced adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for UA level as continuous and categorical (low, medium, high) predictor for cardiovascular events (CVE) and mortality...
December 15, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941322/serum-bicarbonate-is-associated-with-heart-failure-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Jessica B Kendrick, Leila Zelnick, Michel B Chonchol, David Siscovick, Andrew N Hoofnagle, Joachim H Ix, Mark Sarnak, Michael G Shlipak, Bryan Kestenbaum, Ian H de Boer
BACKGROUND: Low serum bicarbonate concentrations are associated with mortality and kidney disease progression. Data regarding associations between bicarbonate and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are scarce. METHODS: We performed a cohort study of 6,229 adult participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a community-based cohort free of CVD at baseline. Serum bicarbonate was measured at baseline. Cardiovascular outcomes were defined as: (1) subclinical CVD (left ventricular mass [LVM] and aortic pulse pressure [PP] measured at baseline), (2) incident atherosclerotic cardiovascular events (CVE; composite of myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, stroke, coronary heart disease death, and stroke death), and (3) incident heart failure...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928711/dry-weight-assessment-by-combined-ultrasound-and-bioimpedance-monitoring-in-low-cardiovascular-risk-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Dimitrie Siriopol, Mihai Onofriescu, Luminita Voroneanu, Mugurel Apetrii, Ionut Nistor, Simona Hogas, Mehmet Kanbay, Radu Sascau, Dragos Scripcariu, Adrian Covic
PURPOSE: Fluid overload is associated with adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The precise assessment of hydration status in HD patients remains a major challenge for nephrologists. Our study aimed to explore whether combining two bedside methods, lung ultrasonography (LUS) and bioimpedance, may provide complementary information to guide treatment in specific HD patients. METHODS: In total, 250 HD patients from two dialysis units were included in this randomized clinical trial...
January 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927187/the-importance-of-proteinuria-and-prior-cardiovascular-disease-in-all-major-clinical-outcomes-of-atherosclerotic-renovascular-disease-a-single-center-observational-study
#17
Diana Vassallo, James Ritchie, Darren Green, Constantina Chrysochou, Joseph Blunt, Philip A Kalra
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients at risk of developing adverse events would enable aggressive medical therapy and possibly targeted revascularization. The aim of this study is to characterize the determinants of long-term outcomes in atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD). METHODS: Patients with a radiological diagnosis of ARVD were recruited into this single-center prospective cohort study between 1986 and 2014. Data collected included baseline co-morbid conditions, annualized prescribed medications and laboratory data (serum creatinine [υmol/L], proteinuria [g/24 h])...
December 7, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911398/evaluation-of-bioenergetic-function-in-cerebral-vascular-endothelial-cells
#18
Stephanie L Rellick, Heng Hu, James W Simpkins, Xuefang Ren
The integrity of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) is critical to prevent brain injury. Cerebral vascular endothelial (CVE) cells are one of the cell types that comprise the BBB; these cells have a very high-energy demand, which requires optimal mitochondrial function. In the case of disease or injury, the mitochondrial function in these cells can be altered, resulting in disease or the opening of the BBB. In this manuscript, we introduce a method to measure mitochondrial function in CVE cells by using whole, intact cells and a bioanalyzer...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895935/systolic-blood-pressure-values-might-further-risk-stratify-the-adverse-outcomes-of-lvh-in-older-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Carlos R Franco Palacios, Pankaj Goyal, Amanda M Thompson, Brent Deschaine
BACKGROUND: LVH is highly prevalent in patients with CKD and is independently associated with subsequent cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that adding systolic blood pressure values to LVH might differentiate different subgroups of patients at higher risk of cardiovascular events (CVE) and other adverse outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 243 patients older than 60 years with stages 1-5 pre-dialysis CKD. LVH was assessed by electrocardiogram or echocardiogram...
2016: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871247/cost-effectiveness-of-workplace-wellness-to-prevent-cardiovascular-events-among-u-s-firefighters
#20
P Daniel Patterson, Kenneth J Smith, David Hostler
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of death among firefighters in the United States (U.S.) is cardiovascular events (CVEs) such as sudden cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction. This study compared the cost-effectiveness of three strategies to prevent CVEs among firefighters. METHODS: We used a cost-effectiveness analysis model with published observational and clinical data, and cost quotes for physiologic monitoring devices to determine the cost-effectiveness of three CVE prevention strategies...
November 21, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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