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Exercise Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771367/effectiveness-of-and-user-experience-with-web-based-interventions-in-increasing-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Rachel Dennett, Hilary Gunn, Jennifer A Freeman
Background: Supporting people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to achieve and maintain recommended levels of physical activity is important but challenging. Web-based interventions are increasingly being used to deliver targeted exercise programs and promote physical activity. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically review current evidence regarding the effectiveness and user experience of web-based interventions in increasing physical activity in people with MS...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765313/can-tai-chi-and-qigong-postures-shape-our-mood-toward-an-embodied-cognition-framework-for-mind-body-research
#2
Kamila Osypiuk, Evan Thompson, Peter M Wayne
Dynamic and static body postures are a defining characteristic of mind-body practices such as Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ). A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that TCQ may be beneficial for psychological health, including management and prevention of depression and anxiety. Although a variety of causal factors have been identified as potential mediators of such health benefits, physical posture, despite its visible prominence, has been largely overlooked. We hypothesize that body posture while standing and/or moving may be a key therapeutic element mediating the influence of TCQ on psychological health...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761708/the-potential-of-interprofessional-education-to-translate-physiology-curricula-effectively-into-future-team-based-healthcare
#3
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina Patel Gunaldo
Incorporating active interprofessional education (IPE) opportunities into the classroom setting is a potentially effective mechanism to enhance student learning both in the basic sciences and for future interprofessional collaboration. We integrated an IPE exercise into a graduate-level human physiology course at our health sciences center that enrolled physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT), and graduate studies students. Our activity adopted and targeted the four Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of values/ethics (VE), roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork (TT)...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755928/the-effects-of-social-support-on-strenuous-physical-exercise
#4
Arran Davis, Emma Cohen
In humans, socio-environmental cues play an important role in determining adaptive psychophysiological states and behaviours. In sport and exercise, cues to cohesive groups and close, supportive relationships are ubiquitous, possibly because of their effects on neurobiological mechanisms underlying physical performance. Clinical research has shown that the presence of supportive others can lead to reductions in perceptions of pain, while research from sport and exercise science has shown that pain and physical fatigue occupy ranges on a single spectrum of physical discomfort, which works to regulate outputs during strenuous physical exertion...
2018: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755363/an-evidence-based-approach-for-choosing-post-exercise-recovery-techniques-to-reduce-markers-of-muscle-damage-soreness-fatigue-and-inflammation-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
Olivier Dupuy, Wafa Douzi, Dimitri Theurot, Laurent Bosquet, Benoit Dugué
Introduction: The aim of the present work was to perform a meta-analysis evaluating the impact of recovery techniques on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), perceived fatigue, muscle damage, and inflammatory markers after physical exercise. Method: Three databases including PubMed, Embase , and Web-of-Science were searched using the following terms: ("recovery" or "active recovery" or "cooling" or "massage" or "compression garment" or "electrostimulation" or "stretching" or "immersion" or "cryotherapy") and ("DOMS" or "perceived fatigue" or "CK" or "CRP" or "IL-6") and ("after exercise" or "post-exercise") for randomized controlled trials, crossover trials, and repeated-measure studies...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752803/a-pragmatic-application-of-the-re-aim-framework-for-evaluating-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-as-a-standard-of-care-in-health-systems
#6
Mark Stoutenberg, Karla I Galaviz, Felipe Lobelo, Elizabeth Joy, Gregory W Heath, Adrian Hutber, Paul Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is Medicine (EIM) is an initiative that seeks to integrate physical activity assessment, prescription, and patient referral as a standard in patient care. Methods to assess this integration have lagged behind its implementation. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to provide a pragmatic framework to guide health care systems in assessing the implementation and impact of EIM. EVALUATION METHODS: A working group of experts from health care, public health, and implementation science convened to develop an evaluation model based on the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751224/the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-improving-well-being-across-office-based-workplace-settings-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
S Abdin, R K Welch, J Byron-Daniel, J Meyrick
OBJECTIVES: Although the benefits of regular physical activity (PA) are widely accepted, most of the population fails to meet the recommended levels of activity. Public health bodies such as the World Health Organisation emphasise promoting PA within workplaces as a key intervention setting to reach the health and well-being of the working population. Given the importance of well-being in workplace settings, it seems worthwhile to explore the evidence of effectiveness in the literature...
May 8, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746382/warm-up-optimizes-postural-control-but-requires-some-minutes-of-recovery
#8
Thierry Paillard, Mohamed Abdelhafid Kadri, Merbouha Boulahbel Nouar, Frederic Noé
Paillard, T, Kadri, MA, Nouar, MB, and Noé, F. Warm-up optimizes postural control but requires some minutes of recovery. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim was to compare monopedal postural control between the dominant leg (D-Leg) and the nondominant leg (ND-Leg) in pre- and post-warm-up conditions. Thirty healthy male sports science students were evaluated before and after a warm-up exercise (12 minutes of pedaling with an incremental effort on a cycle ergometer with a controlled workload). Monopodal postural control was assessed for the D- and ND-Legs before and immediately, 2, 5, 10, and 15 minutes after the warm-up exercise, using a force platform and calculating the displacement velocity of the center of foot pressure on the mediolateral (COPML velocity) and anteroposterior (COPAP velocity) axes...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743171/aerobic-exercise-interventions-reduce-blood-pressure-in-patients-after-stroke-or-transient-ischaemic-attack-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Cheng Wang, Jessica Redgrave, Mohsen Shafizadeh, Arshad Majid, Karen Kilner, Ali N Ali
OBJECTIVE: Secondary vascular risk reduction is critical to preventing recurrent stroke. We aimed to evaluate the effect of exercise interventions on vascular risk factors and recurrent ischaemic events after stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). DESIGN: Intervention systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: OVID MEDLINE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, TRIP Database, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, UK Clinical Trials Gateway and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched from 1966 to October 2017...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741205/protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-piano-training-on-cognitive-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#10
Jennifer Bugos
Age-related cognitive decline and cognitive impairment represent the fastest growing health epidemic worldwide among those over 60. There is a critical need to identify effective and novel complex cognitive interventions to promote successful aging. Since piano training engages cognitive and bimanual sensorimotor processing, we hypothesize that piano training may serve as an effective cognitive intervention, as it requires sustained attention and engages an executive network that supports generalized cognition and emotional control...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738745/efficacy-of-exercise-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Reginald Heywood, Alexandra L McCarthy, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyse the literature surrounding the efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was undertaken of health and medical electronic databases (PubMED, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PEDRO, Web of Science and Scopus) until 1st March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria: structured exercise as the primary intervention, ≥80% study participants diagnosed with advanced cancer that is unlikely to be cured; reported outcomes concerning physical function, quality of life, fatigue, body composition, psychosocial function, sleep quality pain and/or survival...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738744/a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-mindful-exercises-on-rehabilitative-outcomes-among-post-stroke-patients
#12
REVIEW
Liye Zou, Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Nan Zeng, Chaoyi Wang, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the rehabilitative effects of mindful exercises for post-stroke patients. DATA SOURCES: Six databases (PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang, and CNKI) and reference lists of relevant articles were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of mindful exercises on rehabilitative outcomes such as sensorimotor function, gait speed, leg strength, aerobic endurance, cognitive function, and overall motor function)...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738743/effects-of-physical-exercise-interventions-on-dual-task-gait-speed-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Prudence Plummer, Gozde Iyigun
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the treatment effects of exercise and/or gait training interventions on dual-task walking in people with stroke. The secondary objective was to conduct subgroup analyses to compare the treatment effects of interventions involving dual-task training to those without any dual-task training. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in 6 databases (PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PEDro) up to July 18, 2017...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737009/heritage-science-a-future-oriented-cross-disciplinary-field
#14
EDITORIAL
Matija Strlič
"… Heritage science is the study of interpretation and management of the material evidence of the humankind. It enables both society and individuals to exercise their right to cultural heritage and contributes to our understanding of who we are and our sense of place. Heritage science demonstrates its relevance to, as well as its deep roots in chemistry, and in other physical and engineering sciences …" Read more in the Guest Editorial by Matija Strlič.
May 8, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735796/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-lifestyle-change-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Melina Utz-Melere, Cristina Targa-Ferreira, Bernardo Lessa-Horta, Matias Epifanio, Marialena Mouzaki, Angelo A Mattos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: This manuscript seeks to analyze the impact of lifestyle changes on body mass index (BMI), aminotransferases and steatosis in children and adolescents with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of PubMed, BIREME, Scopus, EMBASE, Medline and Web of Science databases 2015 was performed seeking studies addressing the impact of lifestyle interventions on children and/or adolescents with NAFLD. Inclusion were manuscripts written in Portuguese, English and Spanish, as well as age less than 18 years...
April 9, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735394/dorzagliatin-monotherapy-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-dose-ranging-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-study
#16
Dalong Zhu, Shenglian Gan, Yu Liu, Jianhua Ma, Xiaolin Dong, Weihong Song, Jiao'e Zeng, Guixia Wang, Wenjuan Zhao, Qiu Zhang, Yukun Li, Hui Fang, Xiaofeng Lv, Yongquan Shi, Haoming Tian, Linong Ji, Xin Gao, Lihui Zhang, Yuqian Bao, Minxiang Lei, Ling Li, Longyi Zeng, Xiaoying Li, Xinghua Hou, Yu Zhao, Tianxin Hu, Xiaoyun Ge, Guiyu Zhao, Yongguo Li, Yi Zhang, Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Glucokinase acts as a glucose sensor in the pancreas and a glucose processor in the liver, and has a central role in glucose homoeostasis. Dorzagliatin is a new, dual-acting, allosteric glucokinase activator that targets both pancreatic and hepatic glucokinases. Dorzagliatin has good pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties in humans, and provides effective 24-h glycaemic control and improves glucose sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of dorzagliatin monotherapy at different doses in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes...
May 4, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730967/political-economy-of-infant-mortality-rate-role-of-democracy-versus-good-governance
#17
Dina Y Rosenberg
Despite numerous studies on whether democracy reduces the infant mortality rate (IMR), the empirical results remain mixed at best. In this article, I perform several theoretical and empirical exercises that help explain why and under what conditions we should expect politics to matter most for a decrease in IMR. First, I capitalize on the epidemiological view that IMR - the most commonly used indicator of health in social sciences - is better suited to reflect public health micromanagement than overall social development...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730533/establishing-the-reliability-of-a-novel-battery-of-range-of-motion-tests-to-enable-evidence-based-classification-in-para-swimming
#18
Vaughan P Nicholson, Jemima G Spathis, Luke W Hogarth, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman, Sean M Tweedy, Carl J Payton, Brendan J Burkett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability of swimming-specific range of movement tests developed in order to permit evidenced-based classification in the sport of para swimming. DESIGN: Test-retest intra- and inter-examiner reliability. SETTING: International Swimming training camps and university exercise science departments. PARTICIPANTS: 42 non-disabled participants (mean age 23.2 years) and 24 Para swimmers (mean age 28...
April 30, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730319/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-safety-feasibility-and-effect-of-exercise-in-women-with-stage-ii-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Ben Singh, Rosalind R Spence, Megan L Steele, Carolina X Sandler, Jonathan M Peake, Sandra C Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the safety, feasibility and effect of exercise among women with stage II+ breast cancer. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Cochrane, Ebscohost, MEDLINE, Pubmed, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, Science Direct and SPORTDiscus were searched for articles published prior to March 1, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised, controlled, exercise trials involving at least 50% of women diagnosed with stage II+ breast cancer were included...
May 3, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720876/can-a-single-session-of-motor-imagery-promote-motor-learning-of-locomotion-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Vaughan P Nicholson, Justin Wl Keogh, Nancy L Low Choy
Purpose: To investigate the influence of a single session of locomotor-based motor imagery training on motor learning and physical performance. Patients and methods: Thirty independent adults aged >65 years took part in the randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted within an exercise science laboratory. Participants were randomly divided into three groups following baseline locomotor testing: motor imagery training, physical training, and control groups...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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