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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938018/genome-wide-identification-of-bacterial-plant-colonization-genes
#1
Benjamin J Cole, Meghan E Feltcher, Robert J Waters, Kelly M Wetmore, Tatiana S Mucyn, Elizabeth M Ryan, Gaoyan Wang, Sabah Ul-Hasan, Meredith McDonald, Yasuo Yoshikuni, Rex R Malmstrom, Adam M Deutschbauer, Jeffery L Dangl, Axel Visel
Diverse soil-resident bacteria can contribute to plant growth and health, but the molecular mechanisms enabling them to effectively colonize their plant hosts remain poorly understood. We used randomly barcoded transposon mutagenesis sequencing (RB-TnSeq) in Pseudomonas simiae, a model root-colonizing bacterium, to establish a genome-wide map of bacterial genes required for colonization of the Arabidopsis thaliana root system. We identified 115 genes (2% of all P. simiae genes) with functions that are required for maximal competitive colonization of the root system...
September 22, 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937424/a-case-report-of-incidental-hepatic-cysts-found-on-ultrasound-imaging-implications-for-the-anesthesiologist
#2
Aysha Hasan, Walid Alrayashi, David Waisel, Karen Boretsky
Point-of-care ultrasound imaging is increasingly used by anesthesiologists to facilitate rapid clinical diagnosis and treatment in the perioperative period. With its growing popularity, inevitably, unfamiliar structures will be observed. We present a case of cystic liver lesions in a healthy model during a point-of-care workshop. We address the clinical, ethical, and legal implications of incidental findings in anesthesiology. We offer recommendations and an algorithmic approach to these occurrences.
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937059/the-effect-of-an-educational-program-for-vascular-access-care-on-nurses-knowledge-at-dialysis-centers-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#3
Kalthoum Ibrahim Yousif, Hasan Abu-Aisha, Omar Ibrahim Abboud
End-stage renal disease is a worldwide problem that requires highly skilled nursing care. Hemodialysis (HD) is a corner-stone procedure in the management of most patients who require renal replacement therapy. Adequate vascular access is essential for the successful use of HD. Appropriate knowledge in taking care of vascular access is essential for minimizing complications and accurately recognizing vascular access-related problems. This study was to evaluate the effect of an educational program for vascular access care on nurses' knowledge at nine dialysis centers in Khartoum State...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936287/evaluation-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-articular-disc-position-and-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms-in-skeletal-class-ii-patients-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#4
Gholamreza Firoozei, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hasan Momeni, Parisa Soltani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of orthognathic surgery is to correct facial deformity and dental malocclusion and to obtain normal orofacial function. However, there are controversies of whether orthognathic surgery might have any negative influence on temporomandibular (TM) joint. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of orthognathic surgery on articular disc position and temporomandibular joint symptoms of skeletal CI II patients by means of magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this purpose, fifteen patients with skeletal CI II malocclusion, aged 19-32 years (mean 23 years), 10 women and 5 men, from the Isfahan Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery were studied...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936149/comparative-study-of-serum-8-hydroxydeoxy-guanosine-levels-among-healthy-offspring-of-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-parents
#5
Marghoob Hasan, Abdelmarouf Hassan Mohieldein, Fahad Rahib Almutairi
OBJECTIVE: Parental diabetic status might inherit the likelihood of disease susceptibility. The risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is increased among individuals with diabetic parents. Moreover, oxidative stress is thought to be a risk factor in the onset and progression of diabetes. 8-hydroxydeoxy-guanosine (8-OHdG) is widely analyzed biomarker to assess the oxidative DNA damage. We aimed to investigate that serum 8-OHdG level among offspring of diabetic and non-diabetic parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 84 volunteers participated in the study...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935552/natural-products-applied-against-hydatid-cyst-protoscolices-a-review-of-past-to-present
#6
REVIEW
Mohammad Hasan Kohansal Koshki, Abbasali Nourian, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Ahmad Daryani, Adel Spotin, Ehsan Ahmadpour
Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is distributed all around the world. CE is one of the most important global parasitic infectious diseases, both in humans and animals. This parasite causes hydatid cysts that can be lodge at different organs of host such as liver, lung even in heart and brain which may lead to death. Presently, numerous scolicidal chemical agents have been administrated for inactivation of the hydatid cyst contents. Because of increasing resistance and adverse effects of medications include abnormalities of liver function, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and headache; there is a need to find alternative therapies either with the least or without side effects...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935142/association-between-neck-and-wrist-circumferences-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#7
Roya Kelishadi, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Mostafa Qorbani, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Tahereh Aminaee, Ramin Heshmat
OBJECTIVE: The predictive potentials of neck and wrist circumferences for cardiometabolic risks in children and adolescents remain to be determined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of neck and wrist circumferences with some cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted during the 2014 to 2015 school year with 4200 children and adolescents ages 7 to 18 y. The children were selected by multistage cluster sampling from 30 provinces of Iran...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934964/comprehensive-benchmarking-and-ensemble-approaches-for-metagenomic-classifiers
#8
Alexa B R McIntyre, Rachid Ounit, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Robert J Prill, Elizabeth Hénaff, Noah Alexander, Samuel S Minot, David Danko, Jonathan Foox, Sofia Ahsanuddin, Scott Tighe, Nur A Hasan, Poorani Subramanian, Kelly Moffat, Shawn Levy, Stefano Lonardi, Nick Greenfield, Rita R Colwell, Gail L Rosen, Christopher E Mason
BACKGROUND: One of the main challenges in metagenomics is the identification of microorganisms in clinical and environmental samples. While an extensive and heterogeneous set of computational tools is available to classify microorganisms using whole-genome shotgun sequencing data, comprehensive comparisons of these methods are limited. RESULTS: In this study, we use the largest-to-date set of laboratory-generated and simulated controls across 846 species to evaluate the performance of 11 metagenomic classifiers...
September 21, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934271/dc-based-smart-pv-powered-home-energy-management-system-based-on-voltage-matching-and-rf-module
#9
Ahmad H Sabry, W Z W Hasan, Mza Ab Kadir, M A M Radzi, S Shafie
The main tool for measuring system efficiency in homes and offices is the energy monitoring of the household appliances' consumption. With the help of GUI through a PC or smart phone, there are various applications that can be developed for energy saving. This work describes the design and prototype implementation of a wireless PV-powered home energy management system under a DC-distribution environment, which allows remote monitoring of appliances' energy consumptions and power rate quality. The system can be managed by a central computer, which obtains the energy data based on XBee RF modules that access the sensor measurements of system components...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933496/amphoteric-water-as-acid-and-base-for-protic-ionic-liquids-and-their-electrochemical-activity-when-used-as-fuel-cell-electrolytes
#10
Muhammed Shah Miran, Tomohiro Yasuda, Ryoichi Tatara, Md Abu Bin Hasan Susan, Masayoshi Watanabe
Amphoteric water was mixed with equimolar amounts of a super-strong acid, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (TfOH), and a super-strong base, 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]-7-undecene (DBU). Bulk physicochemical and electrochemical properties of the mixtures were compared with those of the best ever reported protic ionic liquid (PIL), diethylmethylammonium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([dema][TfO]), which has excellent physicochemical properties as a fuel cell electrolyte. The acidic mixture ([H3O][TfO]) behaved as a protic ionic liquid, while the basic mixture ([DBU]OH) showed incomplete proton transfer...
September 21, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933250/newly-developed-laparoscopic-needle-holder-that-facilitates-knot-tying-makes-vaginal-cuff-suturing-easy-in-single-port-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#11
Alper Biler, Ahmet Kale, Hasan Terzi, Ulas Solmaz
BACKGROUND: To evaluate vaginal cuff closure times of a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy using a newly developed Turkish-made laparoscopic needle holder (TMLNH) with a single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy using a laparoscopic needle holder with pistol handle (LNHPH). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 68 patients who underwent single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy using a TMLNH (n = 38) or a LNHPH (n = 30). Patients' age, parity, body mass index, mean operating time, mean vaginal cuff suturing time, uterine weight, estimated blood loss, drop of hemoglobin level, return of bowel activity, hospital stay, conversion to multiport access, conversion to laparotomy, and postoperative and intraoperative outcomes were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933031/screening-isolation-and-molecular-identification-of-biodegrading-mycobacteria-from-iranian-ecosystems-and-analysis-of-their-biodegradation-activity
#12
Davood Azadi, Hasan Shojaei, Sina Mobasherizadeh, Abass Daei Naser
Anthropogenic origin pollutants including pesticides, heavy metals, pharmaceuticals and industry chemicals impose many risks to human health and environment and bioremediation has been considered the strategy of choice to reduce the risk of hazardous chemicals. In the current study, we aimed to screen and characterize mycobacteria from the diverse range of Iranian aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems with harsh and unfavorable environmental conditions that can be utilized for biodegradation of target pollutants...
September 20, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932637/muc1-c-promotes-the-suppressive-immune-microenvironment-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Audrey Bouillez, Dennis Adeegbe, Caining Jin, Xiufeng Hu, Ashujit Tagde, Maroof Alam, Hasan Rajabi, Kwok-Kin Wong, Donald Kufe
The cancer immune microenvironment is of importance for the effectiveness of immunotherapy; however, its dysregulation is poorly understood. The MUC1-C oncoprotein is aberrantly overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and has been linked to the induction of PD-L1. The present work investigated the effects of targeting MUC1-C in an immuno-competent MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mouse model. We show that Lewis Lung Carcinoma cells expressing MUC1-C (LLC/MUC1) exhibit upregulation of PD-L1 and suppression of interferon-γ (IFN-γ)...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932616/the-monitoring-of-preoperative-external-detorsion-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-a-patient-with-acute-testicular-torsion
#14
Mehmet Beyazal, Fatma Beyazal Çeliker, Mehmet Fatih İnecikli, Maksude Esra Kadioğlu, Hasan Rıza Aydın, Tuğba Durakoğlugil
Testicular torsion is one of the main causes of acute scrotum and may result in permanent damage of the testicular tissue. Color Doppler imaging has been frequently used in the diagnosis of testicular torsion and posttreatment follow-up period of the disease. There are some studies reporting the value and usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging in the diagnosis of testicular torsion. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no report regarding the monitoring of preoperative external detorsion in testicular torsion with diffusion-weighted imaging examination...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932354/cardiovascular-involvement-in-celiac-disease
#15
REVIEW
Edward J Ciaccio, Suzanne K Lewis, Angelo B Biviano, Vivek Iyer, Hasan Garan, Peter H Green
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune response to ingestion of gluten protein, which is found in wheat, rye, and barley grains, and results in both small intestinal manifestations, including villous atrophy, as well as systemic manifestations. The main treatment for the disease is a gluten-free diet (GFD), which typically results in the restoration of the small intestinal villi, and restoration of other affected organ systems, to their normal functioning. In an increasing number of recently published studies, there has been great interest in the occurrence of alterations in the cardiovascular system in untreated CD...
August 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931209/process-simulation-of-ethanol-production-from-biomass-gasification-and-syngas-fermentation
#16
Oscar Pardo-Planas, Hasan K Atiyeh, John R Phillips, Clint P Aichele, Sayeed Mohammad
The hybrid gasification-syngas fermentation platform can produce more bioethanol utilizing all biomass components compared to the biochemical conversion technology. Syngas fermentation operates at mild temperatures and pressures and avoids using expensive pretreatment processes and enzymes. This study presents a new process simulation model developed with Aspen Plus® of a biorefinery based on a hybrid conversion technology for the production of anhydrous ethanol using 1200tons per day (wb) of switchgrass. The simulation model consists of three modules: gasification, fermentation, and product recovery...
September 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929043/supraventricular-tachycardia-and-tricuspid-regurgitation-in-the-setting-of-misplaced-implantable-port-catheter-tip
#17
Ahmad Awan, Bisma Ahsan, Hasan Iftikhar, Akbar Khan, Fasil Tiruneh, Yididia Bekele, Ankit Mahajan, Ahmed A Awan
We present the case of a 31-year-old female with a past medical history of B-cell leukemia, on maintenance chemotherapy administered via centrally placed implantable catheter port, who presented to the emergency room with fever, chills, and generalized body pain of one day's duration. After initial workup, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit and managed for severe sepsis. The patient was found to have a new-onset 3/6 holosystolic murmur at the left lower sternal border. Furthermore, she developed an episode of supraventricular tachycardia that responded to adenosine...
July 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928754/responses-of-plant-proteins-to-heavy-metal-stress-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Md Kamrul Hasan, Yuan Cheng, Mukesh K Kanwar, Xian-Yao Chu, Golam J Ahammed, Zhen-Yu Qi
Plants respond to environmental pollutants such as heavy metal(s) by triggering the expression of genes that encode proteins involved in stress response. Toxic metal ions profoundly affect the cellular protein homeostasis by interfering with the folding process and aggregation of nascent or non-native proteins leading to decreased cell viability. However, plants possess a range of ubiquitous cellular surveillance systems that enable them to efficiently detoxify heavy metals toward enhanced tolerance to metal stress...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928344/knowledge-of-scientific-misconduct-in-publication-among-medical-students
#19
Syed Muhammad Mubeen, Rabia Ghayas, Syed Hasan Adil Rizvi, Sohaib Ahmed Khan
BACKGROUND: Publication is a central element in research dissemination and scientific misconduct in publication is relatively ignored in biomedical research. This study is to assess the knowledge of scientific misconduct in publication among private and public sector medical students. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was carried in four (two public and two private) medical colleges of Karachi in 2015. After ethical approval, data were collected through convenient sampling and analyzed in SPSS 16...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928027/development-of-a-sexual-needs-rehabilitation-framework-in-women-post-spinal-cord-injury-a-study-from-iran
#20
Raziyeh Maasoumi, Fatemeh Zarei, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Taylor Lawson, Seyyed Hasan Emami-Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To develop a sexual needs rehabilitation framework in women post spinal cord injury (SCI) DESIGN: Mixed-methods study SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (BASIR), Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran PARTICIPANTS: Married women with at least one year passed injury INTERVENTION: Not applicable METHODS: This study was designed in three steps; primary needs assessment with quantitative and qualitative methods, prioritizing identified needs by expert panels, and developing framework...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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