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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906452/primary-prophylaxis-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-ambulatory-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#1
REVIEW
Marcello Di Nisio, Ettore Porreca, Matteo Candeloro, Michele De Tursi, Ilaria Russi, Anne Ws Rutjes
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) often complicates the clinical course of cancer. The risk is further increased by chemotherapy, but the trade-off between safety and efficacy of primary thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy is uncertain. This is the second update of a review first published in February 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of primary thromboprophylaxis for VTE in ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy compared with placebo or no thromboprophylaxis...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906158/singing-for-lung-health-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-consensus-statement
#2
REVIEW
Adam Lewis, Phoene Cave, Myra Stern, Lindsay Welch, Karen Taylor, Juliet Russell, Anne-Marie Doyle, Anne-Marie Russell, Heather McKee, Stephen Clift, Julia Bott, Nicholas S Hopkinson
There is growing interest in Singing for Lung Health (SLH), an approach where patients with respiratory disease take part in singing groups, intended to improve their condition. A consensus group was convened in early 2016 to address issues including: the specific features that make SLH distinct from other forms of participation in singing; the existing evidence base via a systematic review; gaps in the evidence base including the need to define value-based outcome measures for sustainable commissioning of SLH; defining the measures needed to evaluate both individuals' responses to SLH and the quality of singing programmes...
December 1, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906117/carotid-artery-stenting-versus-no-stenting-assisting-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-clinical-trials-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analyses
#3
Henrik Steglich-Arnholm, Markus Holtmannspötter, Christian Gluud, Derk Wolfgang Krieger
BACKGROUND: In patients with intracranial large vessel arterial occlusion, ipsilateral extracranial carotid artery occlusions or near-occlusions pose a significant hurdle in endovascular management of acute ischaemic stroke. Stenting of the carotid lesion may be beneficial in this situation to provide a stable access for introducing catheters through the carotid lesion into the intracranial vasculature and the target occlusion. Furthermore, carotid stenting may ensure ample blood flow for wash-out of clot material and reperfusion of the ischaemic penumbral tissue...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906071/are-digital-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-effective-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Katherine E Brown, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Behavioural support for smoking cessation in pregnancy can be effective; however, many pregnant women face barriers to seeking support to stop smoking. Some digital interventions have been found to be effective for smoking cessation in the general population and may be effective for supporting cessation in pregnancy due to their flexibility and the potential for personalisation. To date, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of digital interventions for smoking cessation in pregnancy...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905877/mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonists-for-heart-failure-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Nicolas M Berbenetz, Marko Mrkobrada
BACKGROUND: Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) have been associated with improved patient outcomes in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) but not preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of selective and nonselective MRAs in HFrEF and HFpEF. METHODS: We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE and EMBASE. We included randomized controlled trials (RCT) of MRAs in adults with HFpEF or HFrEF if they reported data on major adverse cardiac events or drug safety...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#6
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905672/oral-astragalus-huang-qi-for-preventing-frequent-episodes-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Guobin Su, Xiankun Chen, Zhuangzhu Liu, Lihong Yang, La Zhang, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Zehuai Wen, Xinfeng Guo, Xindong Qin, Jueyao Liang, Xusheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are common in children and can involve both upper and lower airways. Many children experience frequent ARTI episodes or recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) in early life, which creates challenges for paediatricians, primary care physicians, parents and carers of children.In China, Astragalus (Huang qi), alone or in combination with other herbs, is used by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners in the form of a water extract, to reduce the risk of ARTIs; it is believed to stimulate the immune system...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905190/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-non-imaging-screening-protocols-for-vestibular-schwannoma-in-patients-with-asymmetrical-hearing-loss-and-or-unilateral-audiovestibular-dysfunction-a-diagnostic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
M Hentschel, M Scholte, S Steens, H Kunst, M Rovers
BACKGROUND: Currently, all patients presenting with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral audiovestibular dysfunction (i.e. tinnitus, dizziness) undergo MRI, leading to a substantial amount of MRIs with negative findings as the incidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in this screening population varies between 1% and 4.7% (i.e. more than 95% of MRIs are negative for VS). OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of different non-imaging screening protocols that can be used prior to MRI to select patients at high risk of VS...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905001/guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-cobalamin-related-remethylation-disorders-cblc-cbld-cble-cblf-cblg-cblj-and-mthfr-deficiency
#9
Martina Huemer, Daria Diodato, Bernd Schwahn, Manuel Schiff, Anabela Bandeira, Jean-Francois Benoist, Alberto Burlina, Roberto Cerone, Maria L Couce, Angeles Garcia-Cazorla, Giancarlo la Marca, Elisabetta Pasquini, Laura Vilarinho, James D Weisfeld-Adams, Viktor Kožich, Henk Blom, Matthias R Baumgartner, Carlo Dionisi-Vici
BACKGROUND: Remethylation defects are rare inherited disorders in which impaired remethylation of homocysteine to methionine leads to accumulation of homocysteine and perturbation of numerous methylation reactions. OBJECTIVE: To summarise clinical and biochemical characteristics of these severe disorders and to provide guidelines on diagnosis and management. DATA SOURCES: Review, evaluation and discussion of the medical literature (Medline, Cochrane databases) by a panel of experts on these rare diseases following the GRADE approach...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904611/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-cardiovascular-events-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Mohammad Hassan Nezafati, Ali Eshraghi, Mohammad Vojdanparast, Saeed Abtahi, Pouya Nezafati
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of the role of depression in predicting the outcome of cardiovascular disorders, current medications for treating depression, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are taken into consideration. This study aimed to systematically review the published findings in the use of SSRIs and the risk for cardiac events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An independent review of the Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, CINAHL, index Copernicus, and Google Scholar, up to 2014, was performed...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904598/the-effects-of-low-carbohydrate-diets-on-liver-function-tests-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#11
REVIEW
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Pamela J Surkan, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Although several observational and experimental studies have examined the effects of low carbohydrate diets (LCDs) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), there are considerable inconsistencies among studies. We summarized the effect of LCDs on liver function tests, including intrahepatic lipid content (IHLC), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferases (AST), and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in patients with NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases were searched for relevant publications until July 2014, resulting in ten relevant papers that were included in meta-analysis...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904580/quercetin-and-ovarian-cancer-an-evaluation-based-on-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Arefe Parvaresh, Roghaye Razavi, Nahid Rafie, Reza Ghiasvand, Makan Pourmasoumi, Maryam Miraghajani
Some studies have suggested chemopreventive and therapeutic effects of quercetin (Q) on carcinogenesis. The aim of this review was to evaluate the association between Q and ovarian cancer risk among human researches and induced sensitivity to some types of chemotherapeutic drugs and antiproliferative effects of this flavonoid in the animals and cell lines studies. Data for this systematic review were achieved through searches of the MEDLINE (PubMed), Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane, SID, and Magiran databases for studies published up to May 2015...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904564/effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Zahra Kasaei, Hamidreza Sajjadieh-Khajooie, Ramin Heidari, Hamidreza Roohafza
BACKGROUND: Although the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prognosis has been well-documented by several systematic reviews, none have focused on the effect of CR on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its related components. Therefore, the present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of CR on MetS and its components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar database were searched up to February 2014 with no date and language restrictions...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904549/effects-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-on-blood-parameters-and-anthropometric-indices-in-adults-a-systematic-review-on-clinical-trials
#14
REVIEW
Alireza Mohtashami, Mohammad Hasan Entezari
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa (N. sativa) has been used in traditional medicine and several studies have been performed in the last decades to reveal the effects of it on different medical disorders such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity. We evaluated the effects of N. sativa supplementation on lipid profiles, glycemic control, blood pressure (BP), and some anthropometric indices in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search on published studies was done by using databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Thomas Reuters Web of Science, and Cochrane...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904506/safety-and-efficacy-of-tenecteplase-versus-alteplase-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#15
REVIEW
Alexandre Guillermin, David Jun Yan, Arnaud Perrier, Christophe Marti
INTRODUCTION: Alteplase and tenecteplase are two widely used thrombolytic agents and are both approved for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. These two molecules have increased fibrin specificity compared with older thrombolytics but distinct pharmacokinetic properties and may differ in terms of risks and benefits. We decided to review the available evidence comparing the safety and efficacy of these two molecules in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or pulmonary embolism (PE)...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904240/effectiveness-of-exercise-on-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#16
Hillary Lawrence, Sara Hills, Nicole Kline, Kyra Weems, Antonette Doty
Purpose: We identified evidence evaluating the effect of exercise on functional mobility in adults (aged 18 y or older) with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: An exhaustive search was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the earliest available evidence (1975) to the present (January 2016) for studies whose participants were ambulatory adults with CP receiving conservative treatment to address functional mobility limitations...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904149/quality-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-international-journal-of-impotence-research-quality-assessment-and-relevant-clinical-impact
#17
K S Kim, J K Jo, J H Chung, J H Kim, H Y Choi, S W Lee
The quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported in the International Journal of Impotence Research (IJIR) was analyzed. The original articles that reported RCTs and were published in the IJIR in 1997-2014 were identified by PubMed. Their methodological quality was assessed using the Jadad scale, van Tulder scale and Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool. The review period was divided into three periods: early (1997-2002), mid (2003-2008) and late (2009-2014). The effect of study subject and presence of Institutional Review Board approval, intervention, funding and adequate allocation concealment on RCT quality was assessed...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903557/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-icbt-i-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Yuan-Yuan Ye, Ni-Ka Chen, Jia Chen, Juan Liu, Ling Lin, Ya-Zhen Liu, Ying Lang, Xun-Jun Li, Xin-Ju Yang, Xiao-Jiang Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (ICBT-i) in adults. DESIGN: A meta-analysis of ICBT-i. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches of randomised controlled trials of ICBT-i were performed in the PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library databases up to 19 June 2016. REVIEW METHOD: 2 reviewers independently performed study selection, quality assessment and data extraction...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903482/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pre-operative-risk-factors-of-type-ii-endoleaks-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#19
REVIEW
Florent Lalys, Vincent Durrmann, Aurélien Duménil, Cemil Göksu, Alain Cardon, Elodie Clochard, Antoine Lucas, Adrien Kaladji
PURPOSE: Type II endoleaks (T2Es) remain the Achilles heel of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR), involving a close follow-up and sometimes leading to reintervention. Identifying risk factors impacting T2Es is of concern to improve decision-making and optimize follow-up. However, it has led to contradictory results, with supporting evidence for the majority of factors being weak. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to study risk factors of T2Es following EVAR to identify risk factors and measure their dedicated strength of association...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903364/-a-meta-analysis-of-hiv-seroprevalence-in-pregnant-women-with-syphilis-and-the-impact-of-syphilis-infection-on-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission
#20
T T Wang, Y Xu, Z Z Li, L Z Chen
Objective: To estimate HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women with syphilis and evaluate the influence of syphilis infection on mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV by meta-analysis. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search for 1 678 articles related to maternal syphilis and HIV infection published until October 1(st) 2015 using the PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, Weipu, and SinoMed databases and evaluated the quality of each papers using the STROBE checklist, and the keywords were " pregnant women/maternal/pregnancy" , "syphilis/AIDS" , "HIV/human immunodeficiency virus" , "mother- to-child transimission/vertical transmission" ...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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