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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550611/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignancy-in-patients-with-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ana María García Vicente, Roberto C Delgado-Bolton, Mariano Amo-Salas, Jesús López-Fidalgo, Ana Paula Caresia Aróztegui, José Ramón García Garzón, Javier Orcajo Rincón, María José García Velloso, María de Arcocha Torres, Soledad Alvárez Ruíz
PURPOSE: The detection of occult cancer in patients suspected of having a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) poses a diagnostic challenge. The aim of our study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic performance of FDG PET for the detection of occult malignant disease responsible for PNS. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and DARE) was undertaken to identify studies published in any language...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550362/the-role-of-solifenacin-as-monotherapy-or-combination-with-tamsulosin-in-ureteral-stent-related-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Jue Wang, Xiaobei Zhang, Tiande Zhang, Jianjun Mu, Bing Bai, Yi Lei
PURPOSE: Ureteral stenting is associated with various morbidity and reduced quality of life. We systematically evaluated the efficacy and safety of solifenacin as monotherapy, or combined therapy with tamsulosin versus control or tamsulosin monotherapy in stent-related symptoms (SRSs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials evaluating solifenacin or its combination with tamsulosin for the treatment of SRSs were identified via a comprehensive search of Pubmed, Embase, Ovid, The Cochrane Library and relevant sources up to February 2017...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#3
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549931/methodological-systematic-review-identifies-major-limitations-in-prioritisation-processes-for-updating
#4
L Martínez García, H Pardo-Hernandez, C Superchi, E Niño de Guzman, M Ballesteros, N Ibargoyen Roteta, E McFarlane, M Posso, M Roqué I Figuls, R Rotaeche Del Campo, A J Sanabria, A Selva, I Solà, R W M Vernooij, P Alonso-Coello
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe strategies to prioritise the updating of systematic reviews (SRs), health technology assessments (HTAs), or clinical guidelines (CGs). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a SR of studies describing one or more methods to prioritise SRs, HTAs, or CGs for updating. We searched MEDLINE (PubMed, from 1966 to August 2016) and The Cochrane Methodology Register (The Cochrane Library, Issue 8 2016). We handsearched abstract books, reviewed reference lists, and contacted experts...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549707/interventions-for-treating-sarcopenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#5
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Minoru Yamada, Hunkyung Kim, Atsushi Harada, Hidenori Arai
BACKGROUND: Much interest has been focused on interventions for treating sarcopenia; however, the effects have gained little evidence. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of exercise, nutritional, drug, and combinational interventions for treating sarcopenia in older people. METHOD: We systematically searched MEDLINE via PubMed, the Cochrane Library of Cochrane Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Ichushi-Web for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from January 2000 to December 2016...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549563/no-346-advanced-reproductive-age-and-fertility
#6
Kimberly E Liu, Allison Case
OBJECTIVE: To improve awareness of the natural age-related decline in female and male fertility with respect to natural fertility and assisted reproductive technologies (ART), provide recommendations for their management, and to review investigations in the assessment of ovarian aging. OPTIONS: This guideline reviews options for the assessment of ovarian reserve and fertility treatments using ART with women of advanced reproductive age presenting with infertility...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549527/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-the-critically-ill-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Pascal L Langlois, Celeste Szwec, Frédérick D'Aragon, Daren K Heyland, William Manzanares
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D insufficiency is reported in up to 50% of the critically ill patients and is associated with increased mortality, length of stay (LOS) in intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital, and respiratory disorders with prolonged ventilation. Benefits of vitamin D supplementation remain unclear. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the clinical benefits of vitamin D administration in critically ill patients. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane database for randomized controlled trials (RCT) conducted on heterogeneous ICU patients comparing vitamin D administration to placebo...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549055/is-it-worth-adding-loperamide-to-antibiotic-treatment-of-traveler%C3%A2-s-diarrhea
#8
Yazmín Pinos, María Isabel Ruiz, Óscar Corsi, Gabriel Rada
Travelers' diarrhea is a frequent condition, especially in those traveling to high-risk areas. Although antibiotic treatment reduces the duration of diarrhea, it has been suggested adding loperamide could further reduce the symptoms. To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We identified two systematic reviews including 28 studies overall, of which 15 were randomized trials relevant for the question of interest...
May 23, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548616/pediatric-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-illustrative-case-and-systematic-review
#9
Carlito Lagman, Vera Ong, Lawrance K Chung, Lekaa Elhajjmoussa, Christina Fong, Anthony C Wang, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to present an illustrative case of pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) and to systematically review the current published literature in the pediatric population. METHODS An electronic search of the Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Embase databases was performed by 2 independent authors through January 2017. Search term combinations included "pediatrics," "children," "canal," and "dehiscence." Inclusion criteria were as follows: English, full-text clinical studies, case reports, and case series describing pediatric patient(s) (younger than 18 years) with CT evidence of SSCD...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548542/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-educational-programs-on-factors-that-affect-nurses-post-operative-pain-management-for-children
#10
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
May 26, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548479/insular-gliomas-a-surgical-reappraisal-based-on-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Domenico Murrone, Rodolfo Maduri, Afif Afif, Domenico Chirchiglia, Isabelle Pelissou-Guyotat, Jacques Guyotat, Francesco Signorelli
INTRODUCTION: Insular gliomas are heterogeneous lesions whose management presents multiple challenges for their tendency to affect young patients in good neurological and cognitive conditions, their deep anatomic location and proximity with critical functional and vascular structures. The appropriate management of insular gliomas requires a multidisciplinary evidence-centred teamwork grounded on the best anatomic, neurophysiological and oncological knowledge. The present study provides a reappraisal of the management of insular gliomas based on a systematic review of the literature with the aim of guiding clinicians in the management of such tumors...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548204/endovascular-treatment-for-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#12
REVIEW
Stephen Badger, Rachel Forster, Paul H Blair, Peter Ellis, Frank Kee, Denis W Harkin
BACKGROUND: An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) (pathological enlargement of the aorta) is a condition that can occur as a person ages. It is most commonly seen in men older than 65 years of age. Progressive aneurysm enlargement can lead to rupture and massive internal bleeding, which is fatal unless timely repair can be achieved. Despite improvements in perioperative care, mortality remains high (approximately 50%) after conventional open surgical repair. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), a minimally invasive technique, has been shown to reduce early morbidity and mortality as compared to conventional open surgery for planned AAA repair...
May 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547915/efficiency-effectiveness-and-treatment-stability-of-clear-aligners-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
M Zheng, R Liu, Z Ni, Z Yu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the orthodontic literature with regard to efficiency, effectiveness and stability of treatment outcome with clear aligners compared with treatment with conventional brackets. METHODS: An electronic search without time or language restrictions was undertaken in October 2014 in the following electronic databases: Google Scholar, the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, Scopus, CENTRAL, MEDLINE via OVID, EMBASE via OVID and Web of Science...
May 26, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547665/comparison-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-and-magnifying-endoscopy-for-assessment-of-the-invasion-depth-of-shallow-gastrointestinal-neoplasms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Zhang Tao, Chen Yan, He Zhao, Jiawei Tsauo, Xiaowu Zhang, Bing Qiu, Yanqing Zhao, Xiao Li
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a meta-analysis to provide accurate evidence regarding the preferred diagnostic method, magnifying endoscopy (ME) or endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), for assessment of the depth of invasion of the gastrointestinal neoplasms. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid Medline, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies published between January 1946 and October 2016, regarding the use of EUS and ME to assess the invasion depth of gastrointestinal cancers...
May 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547318/a-systematic-review-of-alpha-2-agonists-for-sedation-in-mechanically-ventilated-neurocritical-care-patients
#15
Alexandre Tran, Henrietta Blinder, Brian Hutton, Shane W English
The use of sedative medications is commonplace in intensive care units (ICUs) and an invaluable clinical tool for the intensive care physician. Sedation for critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients provides an opportunity to reduce anxiety, discomfort as well as ventilator intolerance and dyssynchrony. Alpha-2 agonists in particular have become increasingly popular for use in the neurocritical care population due to their proposed effectiveness in facilitating examinations and procedures as well as reducing the need for adjunctive agents...
May 25, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546958/effect-of-functional-appliances-on-the-airway-dimensions-in-patients-with-skeletal-class-ii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review
#16
Annapurna Kannan, Haritha Pottipalli Sathyanarayana, Sridevi Padmanabhan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the effect of functional appliances on the airway dimensions in patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Articles were identified through a literature survey carried out through the following databases: (1) PUBMED, (2) Google Scholar, (3) The Cochrane Library, (4) Embase, (5) Lilac, and (6) Web of Scholars. The systematic review analyzed 12 articles comprising removable functional appliances, 3 articles with fixed functional appliances, and 2 articles having both fixed and removable functional appliances...
April 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546938/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Saman Maroufizadeh, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Reza Omani Samani
AIM: To estimate the overall prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Iran by a systematic review and Meta-analysis. METHODS: We conducted a search of all published literature on diabetic patients for the prevalence of DR using Web of Sciences, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and national electronic databases SID, Magiran, and Iranmedex from their inception until September 2016 with standard keywords. Pooled estimates of the DR prevalence and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using random effects models...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546744/effect-of-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-chronic-disease-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Hong Cai, Guichen Li, Shanshan Hua, Yufei Liu, Li Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis and systematic review to assess the effect of exercise on cognitive function in people with chronic diseases. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and three Chinese databases were electronically searched for papers that were published until September 2016. This meta-analysis and systematic review included randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effect of exercise on cognitive function compared with control group for people with chronic diseases...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546741/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-is-associated-with-negatively-variable-impacts-on-domains-of-health-related-quality-of-life-evidence-from-short-form-36-questionnaire-and-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Qiuxiang Zhang, Xulin Wang, Haoyang Chen, Biyu Shen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to systematically review the literature to identify the impact of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) on specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) domains. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed, and the related articles were searched in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biology Medicine, and Web of Science databases and in reference lists of articles and systematic reviews...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546675/anatomical-correlation-of-core-muscle-activation-in-different-yogic-postures
#20
REVIEW
Mrithunjay Rathore, Soumitra Trivedi, Jessy Abraham, Manisha B Sinha
Faulty postures due to sedentary lifestyle cause weakening of core muscles which contributes to increased incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although a few research studies have quantified the core muscle activity in various yogic exercises used in rehabilitation programs, evidence correlating it to functional anatomy is scarce. Such information is important for exercise prescription when formulating treatment plans for MSDs. Therefore, the objective of this review article is to examine the literature and analyze the muscle activity produced across various yoga postures to determine which type of yoga posture elicits the highest activation for the core muscle in individuals...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
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