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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775639/surgical-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-attributed-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-aua-guideline
#1
Harris E Foster, Michael J Barry, Philipp Dahm, Manhar C Gandhi, Steven A Kaplan, Tobias S Kohler, Lori B Lerner, Deborah J Lightner, J Kellogg Parsons, Claus G Roehrborn, Charles Welliver, Timothy J Wilt, Kevin T McVary
Purpose; Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common in men and can have negative effects on quality of life (QOL). It is the hope that this Guideline becomes a reference on the effective evidence-based surgical management of LUTS/BPH. MATERIALS/METHODS: The evidence team searched Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) database to identify studies indexed between January 2007 and September 2017...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775389/systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-cancer-survivorship-care-plans-on-health-outcomes-and-health-care-delivery
#2
Paul B Jacobsen, Antonio P DeRosa, Tara O Henderson, Deborah K Mayer, Chaya S Moskowitz, Electra D Paskett, Julia H Rowland
Purpose Numerous organizations recommend that patients with cancer receive a survivorship care plan (SCP) comprising a treatment summary and follow-up care plans. Among current barriers to implementation are providers' concerns about the strength of evidence that SCPs improve outcomes. This systematic review evaluates whether delivery of SCPs has a positive impact on health outcomes and health care delivery for cancer survivors. Methods Randomized and nonrandomized studies evaluating patient-reported outcomes, health care use, and disease outcomes after delivery of SCPs were identified by searching MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Library...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774941/-meta-analysis-of-gastric-stump-cancer-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#3
Yongbai Li, Zhidong Gao, Xuesong Zhao, Bo Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Shan Wang, Kewei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric stump cancer (GSC) following subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, to compare the clinicopathologic differences between narrow GSC and generalized GSC, and to compare the prognosis between GSC and primary proximal gastric cancer (PPGC) after radical resection. METHODS: Literatures of GSC-associated clinical study were searched by computer from the Cochrane Library, Medline, PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases, and the retrieval period was from the establishment of database to December 31, 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774055/immunotherapy-of-experimental-and-human-stroke-with-agents-approved-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Mirjam Dreikorn, Zeljko Milacic, Vladimir Pavlovic, Sven G Meuth, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Peter Kraft
Background: 'Thromboinflammation' describes a novel concept in stroke pathophysiology that has opened up the possibility of immunotherapeutic approaches which could become promising strategies for targeted stroke therapies in the future. Methods: We reviewed current evidence for agents approved for multiple sclerosis in preclinical and clinical stroke studies. A systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA statement, searching MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and reference lists of articles published until 16 October 2017...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773640/health-care-utilization-and-burden-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-u-s-over-the-past-decade-a-nationwide-analysis
#5
Dimpi Desai, Dhruv Mehta, Priyanka Mathias, Gopal Menon, Ulrich K Schubart
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. Although our ability to treat diabetes and its associated complications has significantly improved, presentation with uncontrolled diabetes leading to ketoacidosis remains a significant problem. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We aimed to determine the incidence and costs of hospital admissions associated with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We reviewed the National Inpatient Sample Database for all hospitalizations in which DKA (ICD-9 codes 250...
May 17, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773451/total-hip-arthroplasty-for-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis-following-acetabular-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-characteristics-outcomes-and-complications
#6
Robert D Stibolt, Harshadkumar A Patel, Samuel R Huntley, Eva J Lehtonen, Ashish B Shah, Sameer M Naranje
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic arthritis (PTA) may develop years after acetabular fracture, hindering joint function and causing significant chronic musculoskeletal pain. Given the delayed onset of PTA, few studies have assessed outcomes of delayed total hip arthroplasty (THA) in acetabular fracture patients. This study systematically reviewed the literature for outcomes of THA in patients with PTA and prior acetabular fracture. METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane library were searched for articles containing the keywords "acetabular", "fracture", "arthroplasty", and "post traumatic arthritis" published between 1995 and August 2017...
April 26, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773211/treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-reduces-risk-of-recurrent-atrial-fibrillation-after-catheter-ablation-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Feilong Deng, Ali Raza, Jun Guo
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have suggested that there is a strong relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and atrial fibrillation (AF). However, they have not identified whether treating OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) might reduce rates of recurrent AF. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the recurrent risk of AF after catheter ablation among patients with OSA who did receive or did nor receive CPAP therapy. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wan-fang databases was conducted to obtain relevant cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773150/anxiety-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Leo E Akioyamen, Jacques Genest, Shubham D Shan, Happy Inibhunu, Anna Chu, Jack V Tu
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common genetic disease predisposing affected individuals to a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Yet, considerable uncertainty exists regarding its impact on psychosocial wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between FH and symptoms of anxiety and depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and PubMed for peer-reviewed literature published in English between January 1, 1990 and January 1, 2018...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772949/lack-of-consensus-on-optimal-acetabular-cup-orientation-because-of-variation-in-assessment-methods-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#9
Thom E Snijders, Koen Willemsen, Steven M van Gaalen, Rene M Castelein, Harrie Weinans, Arthur de Gast
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation is one of the main reasons for revision of total hip arthroplasty but dislocation rates have not changed in the past decades, compromising patients' well-being. Acetabular cup orientation plays a key role in implant stability and has been widely studied. This article investigates whether there is a consensus on optimal cup orientation, which is necessary when using a navigation system. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature in the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases was performed (March 2017) to identify articles that investigated the direct relationship between cup orientation and dislocation, including a thorough evaluation of postoperative cup orientation assessment methods...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772862/-effect-of-surgical-intervention-time-on-the-recovery-of-nerve-function-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#10
Wen-Tao Zhao, Guang-Dong Chen, Dong-Chang Xia, Pan-Pan Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different operation time for acute spinal cord injury(SCI) based on systematic review. METHODS: PubMed database, EMBASE database, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of knowledge, CBM database, VIP database, CNKI database and Wanfang database were searched from their start year up to February 2017 for relevant randomized clinical trials on the treatment of acute spinal cord injury with different intervention times. RESULTS: Four randomized clinical trials of total 156 cases were included...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772584/survival-after-aortic-valve-replacement-with-bovine-or-porcine-valve-prostheses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Natalie Glaser, Veronica Jackson, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Ulrik Sartipy
BACKGROUND:  Bovine and porcine bioprostheses are commonly used for surgical aortic valve replacement. It is unknown if the long-term survival differs between the two valve types.We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare survival in patients who underwent aortic valve replacement and received a bovine or a porcine prosthesis. METHODS:  We performed a systematic search of Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Cohort studies that compared survival between patients who underwent aortic valve replacement and received either a bovine or a porcine bioprosthesis and that reported overall long-term survival with hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were included...
May 17, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771860/emergency-department-chief-complaints-among-children-with-cancer
#12
Megan D Burcham, Anneli R Cochrane, Seethal A Jacob, Aaron E Carroll, Emily L Mueller
Children with cancer have high emergency department (ED) utilization, but little is known about their chief complaints. A retrospective chart review of ED chief complaints for children with cancer (actively receiving therapy) at Riley Hospital for Children from January 2014 to December 2015 was performed. Proportions of visits and disposition for top 5 chief complaints were determined. Multivariate logistic regression analyzed factors associated with admission. There were 598 encounters by 231 children with cancer...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771732/maxillary-sinus-floor-augmentation-with-synthetic-bone-substitutes-compared-with-other-grafting-materials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Thomas Starch-Jensen, Arne Mordenfeld, Jonas Peter Becktor, Simon Storgård Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses of no differences in implant treatment outcome after maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) with synthetic bone substitutes (SBS) compared with other grafting materials applying the lateral window technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library search in combination with hand-search of selected journals was conducted. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials with low risk of bias fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
May 15, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771731/effect-of-intravenous-dexmedetomidine-during-general-anesthesia-on-acute-postoperative-pain-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Xiuqin Wang, Naifu Liu, Jinlong Chen, Zan Xu, Fumei Wang, Chuan Ding
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine has been shown to have an analgesic effect. However, no consensus was reached in previous studies. METHODS: Electronic databases such as PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The relative risk (RR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were used to analyze the outcomes. Random-effects model was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Compared to the normal saline group, patients using dexmedetomidine showed a significantly decreased pain intensity within 6 hours (WMD=-0...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771367/effectiveness-of-and-user-experience-with-web-based-interventions-in-increasing-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#15
Rachel Dennett, Hilary Gunn, Jennifer A Freeman
Background: Supporting people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to achieve and maintain recommended levels of physical activity is important but challenging. Web-based interventions are increasingly being used to deliver targeted exercise programs and promote physical activity. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically review current evidence regarding the effectiveness and user experience of web-based interventions in increasing physical activity in people with MS...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771300/evaluation-of-orthodontically-induced-external-root-resorption-following-orthodontic-treatment-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Aikaterini Samandara, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Ioulia Ioannidou-Marathiotou, Smaragda Kavvadia-Tsatala, Moschos A Papadopoulos
Background: Orthodontically induced external root resorption (OIRR) is a pathologic consequence of orthodontic tooth movement. However, the limitations of two-dimensional radiography suggest that cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) with its three-dimensional capabilities might be more suitable to assess OIRR. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess in an evidence-based manner data on linear or volumetric OIRR measurements of permanent teeth by means of CBCT, during and/or after the end of orthodontic treatment...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771163/review-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-as-a-treatment-option-in-ibd
#17
Kavitha Sivananthan, Andreas Munk Petersen
CONTEXT: Review of the yeast Saccharomyces boulardii as a treatment option for the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVE: IBD is caused by an inappropriate immune response to gut microbiota. Treatment options could therefore be prebiotics, probiotics, antibiotics and/or fecal transplant. In this review, we have looked at the evidence for the yeast S. boulardii as a treatment option. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches in PubMed and the Cochrane Library with the MeSH words 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND IBD', 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND Inflammatory Bowel Disease', 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND ulcerative colitis' and 'Saccharomyces boulardii AND Crohn's disease' gave total a total of 80 articles...
May 17, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770862/is-latin-america-ready-to-identify-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-breast-implants-patients-regional-encounter-during-the-national-plastic-surgery-meeting-in-cancun-mexico
#19
EDITORIAL
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, Jesus Cuenca-Pardo, Lazaro Cardenas-Camarena, Hector Duran-Vega, Eugenio Rodríguez-Olivares, Jorge Enrique Bayter-Marin, Gerardo Levelier De Doig Alvear, Guillermo Vazquez, Montserrat Fontbona-Torres, Ricardo Galán-Suárez, Gabriela Guzman-Stein, Sergio Guzmán-Padilla, Guillermo Echeverría-Roldán, Jose Fernando Silva-Gavarrete, Alfonso Vallarta-Rodríguez, Livia Contreras-Bulnes, Carlos Guillemro Oaxaca-Escobar, Isabel Caravantes-Cortes, María Eugenia Flores, Jorge Cowes-McGowen, María Liz Maciel-Sosa, Ricardo Delgado-Binasco, Linda Rincón-Rubio
INTRODUCTION: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants is receiving increased attention. Most cases have been reported in Europe, North America (USA and Canada), Australia and New Zealand. Fewer cases have been reported in Latin America (including Mexico), Africa and Asia. METHODS: This report was delivered during our national plastic surgery meeting in Cancun in May 2017. Before the meeting, two participants reviewed the literature. The review was performed using the following information sources: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Fisterra, Google Scholar and LILACS, with entries from 1980 to August 2015 in several languages (English, Spanish, French and Portuguese)...
May 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770795/cytokines-as-biomarkers-of-inflammatory-response-after-open-versus-endovascular-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Fragiska Sigala, Georgios Karaolanis, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Eleftherios Spartalis, Michael Spartalis, Nikolaos Patelis, Alexandros Papalampros, Chandler Long, Demetrios Moris
The repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a high-risk surgical procedure related to hormonal and metabolic stress-related response with an ensuing activation of the inflammatory cascade. In contrast to open repair (OR), endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) seems to decrease the postoperative stress by offering less extensive incisions, dissection, and tissue manipulation. However, these beneficial effects may be offset by the release of cytokines and arachidonic acid metabolites during intra-luminal manipulation of the thrombus using catheters in endovascular repair, resulting in systemic inflammatory response (SIR), which is clinically called post-implantation syndrome...
May 17, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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