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Mood and affect and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090146/rapid-weight-loss-in-the-context-of-ramadan-observance-recommendations-for-judokas
#1
REVIEW
A Aloui, H Chtourou, W Briki, M Tabben, A Chaouachi, N Souissi, R J Shephard, K Chamari
Judo is a weight-classified combat sport, and many athletes seek to compete at the lightest possible weight category to gain an advantage from competing against shorter/smaller, and supposedly weaker opponents. To achieve a desired weight, most judokas opt for rapid weight loss techniques. Short-duration maximal efforts are not greatly affected by "making weight", but prolonged and/or repeated exercise is significantly impaired. Negative effects on mood, ratings of perceived exertion, and cognitive function are also reported...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#2
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051833/cognitive-benefits-of-exercise-intervention
#3
T Archer, S Ricci, F Massoni, L Ricci, M Rapp-Ricciardi
Exercise, as a potent epigenetic regulator, implies the potential to counteract pathophysiological processes and alterations in most cardiovascular/respiratory cells and tissues not withstanding a paucity of understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms and doseresponse relationships. In the present account, the assets accruing from physical exercise and its influence upon executive functioning are examined. Under conditions of neuropsychiatric and neurologic ill-health, age-related deterioration of functional and biomarker indicators during healthy and disordered trajectories, neuroimmune and affective unbalance, and epigenetic pressures, exercise offers a large harvest of augmentations in health and well-being...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034985/psychosocial-influences-on-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia
#4
Angelique G Brellenthin, Kevin M Crombie, Dane B Cook, Nalini Sehgal, Kelli F Koltyn
OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial influences on exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). DESIGN : Randomized controlled trial. SETTING : Clinical research unit in a hospital. SUBJECTS : Fifty-eight healthy men and women (mean age = 21 ± 3 years) participated in this study. METHODS : Participants were first asked to complete a series of baseline demographic and psychological questionnaires including the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Fear of Pain Questionnaire, and the Family Environment Scale...
December 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002636/caregiver-mediated-exercises-for-improving-outcomes-after-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Judith Dm Vloothuis, Marijn Mulder, Janne M Veerbeek, Manin Konijnenbelt, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily, Johannes Cf Ket, Gert Kwakkel, Erwin Eh van Wegen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability in adults. Several systematic reviews have shown that a higher intensity of training can lead to better functional outcomes after stroke. Currently, the resources in inpatient settings are not always sufficient and innovative methods are necessary to meet these recommendations without increasing healthcare costs. A resource efficient method to augment intensity of training could be to involve caregivers in exercise training. A caregiver-mediated exercise programme has the potential to improve outcomes in terms of body function, activities, and participation in people with stroke...
December 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916427/tea-cocoa-coffee-and-affective-disorders-vicious-or-virtuous-cycle
#6
REVIEW
Tatiana García-Blanco, Alberto Dávalos, Francesco Visioli
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is increasing worldwide, which underscores the importance of increasing research in this field, in terms of better detection, prevention based on improvement of lifestyle and diet, and effectiveness of treatment. Increasing evidence suggest that diet and exercise can affect proper neuronal development and physiology and protect the brain from neurological illnesses or injuries. Of note, cocoa, tea, and coffee are being actively investigated because they are rich in (poly)phenolic compounds that can modulate mental health, namely brain plasticity, behavior, mood, depression, and cognition...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817910/sugars-exercise-and-health
#7
REVIEW
Roberto Codella, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between a variety of addictions and mood states to which exercise could be relieving. Sugar addiction has been recently counted as another binge/compulsive/addictive eating behavior, differently induced, leading to a high-significant health problem. Regularly exercising at moderate intensity has been shown to efficiently and positively impact upon physiological imbalances caused by several morbid conditions, including affective disorders. Even in a wider set of physchiatric diseases, physical exercise has been prescribed as a complementary therapeutic strategy...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807037/two-days-of-calorie-deprivation-induced-by-underfeeding-and-aerobic-exercise-degrades-mood-and-lowers-interstitial-glucose-but-does-not-impair-cognitive-function-in-young-adults
#8
Harris R Lieberman, Asma S Bukhari, John A Caldwell, Marques A Wilson, Caroline R Mahoney, Stefan M Pasiakos, James P McClung, Tracey J Smith
BACKGROUND: In studies assessing the effects of acute undernutrition on cognitive function, volunteers are sedentary and findings are equivocal, even though glucose concentrations fall substantially. However, military personnel and endurance athletes often are underfed when physical demands, and consequently energy expenditure, are substantial. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether 2 d of near-total calorie deprivation combined with aerobic exercise degraded cognitive performance and mood...
January 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760413/what-is-the-impact-of-impaired-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-in-copd-after-adjusting-for-confounders
#9
Rafael Mesquita, Frits M E Franssen, Sarah Houben-Wilke, Nicole H M K Uszko-Lencer, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Yvonne M J Goërtz, Fabio Pitta, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether and to what extent impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) affects physical and psychological status in COPD. We aimed to compare health outcome measures between COPD patients with and without impaired LVEF after adjusting for age, sex, BMI and FEV1. METHODS: Impaired LVEF was defined as values <50%. 85 COPD patients with impaired LVEF and 85 COPD patients with normal LVEF were matched for sex, age, BMI and FEV1...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697714/relationships-between-serum-bdnf-and-the-antidepressant-effect-of-acute-exercise-in-depressed-women
#10
Jacob D Meyer, Kelli F Koltyn, Aaron J Stegner, Jee-Seon Kim, Dane B Cook
OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has recently emerged as one potential mechanism with which exercise improves mood in major depressive disorder (MDD). This study examined the relationship between changes in serum total BDNF and mood following acute exercise in MDD. It was hypothesized that acute exercise would increase BDNF in an intensity-dependent manner and that changes in BDNF would be significantly related to improvement in depressed mood post-exercise. METHODS: Twenty-four women (age: 38...
December 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689899/sleep-restriction-alters-plasma-endocannabinoids-concentrations-before-but-not-after-exercise-in-humans
#11
Jonathan Cedernaes, Flaminia Fanelli, Alessia Fazzini, Uberto Pagotto, Jan-Erik Broman, Heike Vogel, Suzanne L Dickson, Helgi B Schiöth, Christian Benedict
Following binding to cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids regulate a variety of central nervous system processes including appetite and mood. Recent evidence suggests that the systemic release of these lipid metabolites can be altered by acute exercise and that their levels also vary across the 24-h sleep-wake cycle. The present study utilized a within-subject design (involving 16 normal-weight men) to determine whether daytime circulating endocannabinoid concentrations differ following three nights of partial sleep deprivation (4...
December 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506909/expectations-affect-psychological-and-neurophysiological-benefits-even-after-a-single-bout-of-exercise
#12
Hendrik Mothes, Christian Leukel, Han-Gue Jo, Harald Seelig, Stefan Schmidt, Reinhard Fuchs
The study investigated whether typical psychological, physiological, and neurophysiological changes from a single exercise are affected by one's beliefs and expectations. Seventy-six participants were randomly assigned to four groups and saw different multimedia presentations suggesting that the subsequent exercise (moderate 30 min cycling) would result in more or less health benefits (induced expectations). Additionally, we assessed habitual expectations reflecting previous experience and beliefs regarding exercise benefits...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501182/type-2-deiodinase-disruption-in-astrocytes-results-in-anxiety-depressive-like-behavior-in-male-mice
#13
Barbara M L C Bocco, João Pedro Werneck-de-Castro, Kelen C Oliveira, Gustavo W Fernandes, Tatiana L Fonseca, Bruna P P Nascimento, Elizabeth A McAninch, Esther Ricci, Zsuzsanna Kvárta-Papp, Csaba Fekete, Maria Martha Bernardi, Balázs Gereben, Antonio C Bianco, Miriam O Ribeiro
Millions of levothyroxine-treated hypothyroid patients complain of impaired cognition despite normal TSH serum levels. This could reflect abnormalities in the type 2 deiodinase (D2)-mediated T4-to-T3 conversion, given their much greater dependence on the D2 pathway for T3 production. T3 normally reaches the brain directly from the circulation or is produced locally by D2 in astrocytes. Here we report that mice with astrocyte-specific Dio2 inactivation (Astro-D2KO) have normal serum T3 but exhibit anxiety-depression-like behavior as found in open field and elevated plus maze studies and when tested for depression using the tail-suspension and the forced-swimming tests...
September 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441170/-kind-and-grateful-a-context-sensitive-smartphone-app-utilizing-inspirational-content-to-promote-gratitude
#14
Asma Ghandeharioun, Asaph Azaria, Sara Taylor, Rosalind W Picard
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that gratitude positively influences psychological wellbeing and physical health. Grateful people are reported to feel more optimistic and happy, to better mitigate aversive experiences, and to have stronger interpersonal bonds. Gratitude interventions have been shown to result in improved sleep, more frequent exercise and stronger cardiovascular and immune systems. These findings call for the development of technologies that would inspire gratitude...
2016: Psychology of Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360473/effects-of-carbohydrate-and-protein-supplementation-on-mood-affect-and-discomfort-perception-during-endurance-exercise-1554-board-207-june-2-9-00-am-10-30-am
#15
Lu Qin, Stephen H Wong, Feng-Hua Sun, Tsz-Chun Poon, John O'Reily
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329644/affective-disorders-and-functional-non-epileptic-seizures-in-persons-with-epilepsy
#16
Keith A Johnson, Matthew D Macfarlane, Jeffrey Cl Looi
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to describe the prevalence, assessment and management of affective disorders as well as functional (non-epileptic) seizures in people with epilepsy. METHOD: This paper comprises a selective review of the literature of the common affective manifestations of epilepsy. RESULTS: Affective disorders are the most common psychiatric comorbidity seen in people with epilepsy and assessment and management parallels that of the general population...
December 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280364/implications-of-supportive-and-unsupportive-behavior-for-couples-with-newly-diagnosed-diabetes
#17
Vicki S Helgeson, Katilyn Mascatelli, Howard Seltman, Mary Korytkowski, Leslie R M Hausmann
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between daily diary reports of diabetes-specific social interactions to patient and partner mood and patient self-care behaviors, and whether relations are moderated by unmitigated communion. METHOD: Participants were 70 couples in which 1 person had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in the past 3 years. They were interviewed in-person at baseline and completed daily diary reports on an iPad. Daily diary questionnaires measured support, mood, and self-care behavior (patients only)...
October 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255494/can-exercise-affect-the-course-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-experimental-and-clinical-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Jan Bilski, Agnieszka Mazur-Bialy, Bartosz Brzozowski, Marcin Magierowski, Janina Zahradnik-Bilska, Dagmara Wójcik, Katarzyna Magierowska, Slawomir Kwiecien, Tomasz Mach, Tomasz Brzozowski
The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consisting of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are defined as idiopathic, chronic and relapsing intestinal disorders occurring in genetically predisposed individuals exposed to environmental risk factors such as diet and microbiome changes. Since conventional drug therapy is expensive and not fully efficient, there is a need for alternative remedies that can improve the outcome in patients suffering from IBD. Whether exercise, which has been proposed as adjunct therapy in IBD, can be beneficial in patients with IBD remains an intriguing question...
August 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199566/diet-versus-exercise-in-weight-loss-and-maintenance-focus-on-tryptophan
#19
REVIEW
Barbara Strasser, Dietmar Fuchs
An association between mood disturbance, the inability to lose or to stop gaining weight, and a craving for carbohydrates is manifested by many people who are overweight or are becoming so. In a recent study, we observed that low-calorie weight loss diet lowered not only levels of leptin but also levels of essential amino acid tryptophan (TRP) significantly. The disturbed metabolism of TRP might affect biosynthesis of serotonin and could thereby increase the susceptibility for mood disturbances and carbohydrate craving, increasing the cessation probability of weight reduction programs...
2016: International Journal of Tryptophan Research: IJTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170462/a-concerted-action-of-estradiol-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-underlies-sex-differences-in-mood-regulation-by-exercise
#20
Victor Munive, Andrea Santi, Ignacio Torres-Aleman
Mood homeostasis present sexually dimorphic traits which may explain sex differences in the incidence of mood disorders. We explored whether diverse behavioral-setting components of mood may be differentially regulated in males and females by exercise, a known modulator of mood. We found that exercise decreases anxiety only in males. Conversely, exercise enhanced resilience to stress and physical arousal, two other important components of mood, only in females. Because exercise increases brain input of circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), a potent modulator of mood, we explored whether sex-specific actions of exercise on mood homeostasis relate to changes in brain IGF-I input...
May 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
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