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Mood and affect and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760762/prevalence-of-postpartum-depression-and-interventions-utilized-for-its-management
#1
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Edmund Isaac Obeng, Adjei Gyimah Akwasi
Introduction: Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that affects approximately 10-15% of adult mothers yearly. This study sought to determine the prevalence of postpartum depression and interventions utilized for its management in a Health facility in Ghana. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design using a quantitative approach was used for the study. The study population included mothers and healthcare workers. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 257 mothers, while a convenience sampling technique was used to select 56 health workers for the study...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725348/dynamic-neuro-cognitive-imagery-improves-mental-imagery-ability-disease-severity-and-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Amit Abraham, Ariel Hart, Isaac Andrade, Madeleine E Hackney
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience kinesthetic deficits, which affect motor and nonmotor functions, including mental imagery. Imagery training is a recommended, yet underresearched, approach in PD rehabilitation. Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI™) is a codified method for imagery training. Twenty subjects with idiopathic PD (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III) were randomly allocated into DNI training (experimental; n = 10) or in-home learning and exercise program (control; n = 10). Both groups completed at least 16 hours of training within two weeks...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623146/low-back-pain-among-medical-students-in-belgrade-serbia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Isidora Vujcic, Nemanja Stojilovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nebojsa Ladjevic, Ivana Ladjevic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
Aim: To examine the prevalence of low back pain, to identify self-perceived triggers of low back pain, and to investigate the impact of perceived pain on the daily activities and mood among medical students. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 459 fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade during December 2014. The anonymous questionnaire was used for data collection. In data analysis, the chi-square test and t -test were used. Results: The lifetime prevalence of low back pain was 75...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606104/study-protocol-randomized-controlled-trial-reducing-symptom-burden-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-using-ubiquinol-and-or-d-ribose
#4
Janet D Pierce, Diane E Mahoney, John B Hiebert, Amanda R Thimmesch, Francisco J Diaz, Carol Smith, Qiuhua Shen, Dinesh Pal Mudaranthakam, Richard L Clancy
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF), the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the US, affects 6.6 million adults with an estimated additional 3 million people by 2030. More than 50% of HF patients have heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF). These patients have impaired cardiac muscle relaxation and diastolic filling, which investigators have associated with cellular energetic impairment. Patients with HFpEF experience symptoms of: (1) fatigue; (2) shortness of breath; and (3) swelling (edema) of the lower extremities...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580264/improving-recovery-and-outcomes-every-day-after-the-icu-improve-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sophia Wang, Jessica Hammes, Sikandar Khan, Sujuan Gao, Amanda Harrawood, Stephanie Martinez, Lyndsi Moser, Anthony Perkins, Frederick W Unverzagt, Daniel O Clark, Malaz Boustani, Babar Khan
BACKGROUND: Delirium affects nearly 70% of older adults hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU), and many of those will be left with persistent cognitive impairment or dementia. There are no effective and scalable recovery models to remediate ICU-acquired cognitive impairment and its attendant elevated risk for dementia or Alzheimer disease (AD). The Improving Recovery and Outcomes Every Day after the ICU (IMPROVE) trial is an ongoing clinical trial which evaluates the efficacy of a combined physical exercise and cognitive training on cognitive function among ICU survivors 50 years and older who experienced delirium during an ICU stay...
March 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542006/effects-of-sleep-physical-activity-and-shift-work-on-daily-mood-a-prospective-mobile-monitoring-study-of-medical-interns
#6
David A Kalmbach, Yu Fang, J Todd Arnedt, Amy L Cochran, Patricia J Deldin, Adam I Kaplin, Srijan Sen
BACKGROUND: Although short sleep, shift work, and physical inactivity are endemic to residency, a lack of objective, real-time information has limited our understanding of how these problems impact physician mental health. OBJECTIVE: To understand how the residency experience affects sleep, physical activity, and mood, and to understand the directional relationships among these variables. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-three first-year residents (interns) provided data from 2 months pre-internship through the first 6 months of internship...
March 14, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523477/predictors-of-sexual-intercourse-frequency-among-couples-trying-to-conceive
#7
Audrey J Gaskins, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Germaine M Buck Louis, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the predictors of sexual intercourse frequency (SIF) among couples trying to conceive despite the well-established link between SIF and fecundity. AIM: To evaluate men's and women's demographic, occupational, and lifestyle predictors of SIF among couples. METHODS: 469 Couples without a history of infertility participating in the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (2005-2009) were followed up for ≤1 year while trying to conceive...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481915/cognitive-dysfunction-and-metabolic-comorbidities-in-mood-disorders-a-repurposing-opportunity-for-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists
#8
REVIEW
Rodrigo B Mansur, Yena Lee, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Elisa Brietzke, Roger S McIntyre
Major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are highly prevalent and disabling conditions. Cognition is considered a core domain of their psychopathology and a principle mediator of psychosocial impairment, disproportionately accounting for overall illness-associated costs. There are few interventions with replicated evidence of efficacy in treating cognitive deficits in mood disorders. Evidence also indicates that cognitive deficits are associated with obesity and involve significant impairment across multiple domains...
February 23, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407540/physical-exercise-for-late-life-depression-effects-on-symptom-dimensions-and-time-course
#9
Martino Belvederi Murri, Pantaleimon Ekkekakis, Marco Menchetti, Francesca Neviani, Fausto Trevisani, Stefano Tedeschi, Pasqualino Maietta Latessa, Erika Nerozzi, Giuliano Ermini, Donato Zocchi, Salvatore Squatrito, Giulio Toni, Aderville Cabassi, Mirco Neri, Stamatula Zanetidou, Mario Amore
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is increasingly recognized as a treatment for major depression, even among older patients. However, it is still unknown which depressive symptoms exercise affects most, (e.g. somatic vs. affective) and the timing of its effects. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the changes of depressive symptoms after treatment with exercise. METHODS: We analyzed data from the SEEDS study, a trial comparing the antidepressant effectiveness of sertraline (S) and sertraline plus exercise (S+EX)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370818/the-effects-of-an-activity-based-lifestyle-intervention-on-moderate-sleep-complaints-among-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Doris S F Yu, Shamay S M Ng, Diana T F Lee, Kai Chow Choi, Parco M F Siu, Lisa P L Low, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: Moderate sleep complaints are major gerontological issue affecting as many as 80% of older adults. More intriguing findings have indicated that moderate sleep complaints were associated with cognitive decline, functional deterioration, clinical depression, and even morbidity and mortality among older adults. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of an activity-based lifestyle intervention on moderate sleep complaint among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS/DESIGN: This sequential quantitative-qualitative mixed method study will randomly allocate 224 individuals to receive either the 16-week group-based moderate-intensity stepping exercise or 16-week health education...
January 25, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360121/why-does-the-y326i-mutant-of-monoamine-oxidase-b-decompose-an-endogenous-amphetamine-at-a-slower-rate-than-the-wild-type-enzyme-reaction-step-elucidated-by-multiscale-molecular-simulations
#11
Domen Pregeljc, Urška Jug, Janez Mavri, Jernej Stare
This work investigates the Y326I point mutation effect on the kinetics of oxidative deamination of phenylethylamine (PEA) catalyzed by the monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) enzyme. PEA is a neuromodulator capable of affecting the plasticity of the brain and is responsible for the mood enhancing effect caused by physical exercise. Due to a similar functionality, PEA is often regarded as an endogenous amphetamine. The rate limiting step of the deamination was simulated at the multiscale level, employing the Empirical Valence Bond approach for the quantum treatment of the involved valence states, whereas the environment (solvated protein) was represented with a classical force field...
February 7, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358975/changes-in-coping-autonomous-motivation-and-beliefs-about-exercise-among-women-in-early-recovery-from-alcohol-participating-in-a-lifestyle-physical-activity-intervention
#12
Claire E Blevins, Marie A Rapoport, Cynthia L Battle, Michael D Stein, Ana M Abrantes
Women are particularly likely to drink alcohol for the purpose of coping with or alleviating negative affect. Engaging in physical activity has been posited as a potentially effective alternate coping strategy during early recovery for managing mood and cravings. Utilizing exercise to cope may be associated with more adaptive coping strategies in general. Additionally, an intrinsic (autonomous) motivational style and positive beliefs about exercise are associated with long-term adherence to physical activity...
October 2017: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329061/experimental-effects-of-acute-exercise-duration-and-exercise-recovery-on-mood-state
#13
Elizabeth A Crush, Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence suggests that, in addition to various psychosocial parameters, affective responses to exercise play an important role in subserving future exercise behavior. This study comprehensively evaluated whether acute exercise duration and recovery period influenced the relationship between moderate-intensity walking exercise and mood profile. METHOD: We employed a randomized controlled cross-over trial. Participants completed two laboratory visits, separated by one-week...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284402/the-utility-of-personal-activity-trackers-fitbit-charge-2-on-exercise-capacity-in-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-up-step-acs-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#14
Jason Nogic, Paul Min Thein, James Cameron, Sam Mirzaee, Abdul Ihdayhid, Arthur Nasis
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity and cardiovascular rehabilitation on the reduction of cardiovascular risk are well documented. Despite this, significant barriers and challenges remain in optimizing patient risk factors post acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and ensuring patient compliance. Consumer wearable personal activity trackers represent a cost effective and readily available technology that may aid in this endeavour. METHODS: UP-STEP ACS is a prospective single-blinded, two-arm, parallel, randomized control trial with an aim to enrol 200 patients all undertaking cardiac rehabilitation...
December 29, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259819/effects-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-during-breast-cancer-survivorship-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-control-trials
#15
Efrossini D Patsou, Georgios D Alexias, Fotios G Anagnostopoulos, Michalis V Karamouzis
Background Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women worldwide, and depressive symptoms are disturbing side effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment. Physical activity and exercise have emerged as an alternative treatment in handling psychological distress throughout breast cancer survivorship. Aim The aim of this review was to present the results of (1) physical activity and (2) exercise interventions in terms of type and duration regarding depressive symptoms among breast cancer survivors during and after treatment...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251381/inhibitors-and-facilitators-of-compassion-focused-imagery-in-personality-disorder
#16
Iona Naismith, Amanda Mwale, Janet Feigenbaum
BACKGROUND: Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) has potential to benefit clients with a personality disorder (PD), given the inflated levels of shame and self-criticism in this population. However, clinical observation indicates that clients with PD may find techniques from this approach challenging. AIMS: The aim of this study is to trial one aspect of CFT, compassion-focused imagery (CFI), with this population, and identify factors that predict clients' ability to generate CFI and experience self-compassion during the task, including type of CFI exercise and, second, to establish whether CFI outcomes increase with practice...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172029/decreasing-sprint-duration-from-20-to-10-s-during-reduced-exertion-high-intensity-interval-training-rehit-attenuates-the-increase-in-maximal-aerobic-capacity-but-has-no-effect-on-affective-and-perceptual-responses
#17
Gulbin R Nalçakan, Preeyaphorn Songsorn, Ben L Fitzpatrick, Yasin Yüzbasioglu, Noel E Brick, Richard S Metcalfe, Niels B J Vollaard
Recent studies have demonstrated that modifying the "classic" 6 × 30-s "all-out" sprint interval training protocol by incorporating either shorter sprints (6 × 10-s or 15-s sprints) or fewer sprints (e.g., 2 × 20-s sprints; reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training (REHIT)) does not attenuate the training-induced improvements in maximal aerobic capacity. The aim of the present study was to determine if reducing the sprint duration in the REHIT protocol from 20 s to 10 s per sprint influences acute affective responses and the change in maximal aerobic capacity following training...
November 24, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#18
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975490/heart-rate-recovery-after-exercise-in-outpatients-with-coronary-heart-disease-role-of-depressive-symptoms-and-positive-affect
#19
Stefanie Stauber, Tina Rohrbach, Hugo Saner, Jean Paul Schmid, Johannes Grolimund, Roland von Känel
Heart rate recovery after 1 min of exercise cessation (HRR-1) is an important prognostic factor in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to further elucidate the association between HRR-1 and known psychosocial risk factors in patients referred for comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation. We examined 521 patients with coronary heart disease in the first week of an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and positive (PA) and negative affect were rated with the Global Mood Scale...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972669/deletion-of-tlx-and-social-isolation-impairs-exercise-induced-neurogenesis-in-the-adolescent-hippocampus
#20
Danka A Kozareva, Olivia F O'Leary, John F Cryan, Yvonne M Nolan
Adolescence is a sensitive period of neurodevelopment during which life experiences can have profound effects on the brain. Hippocampal neurogenesis, the neurodevelopmental process of generating functional new neurons from neural stem cells, occurs throughout the lifespan and has been shown to play a role in learning, memory and in mood regulation. In adulthood it is influenced by extrinsic environmental factors such as exercise and stress. Intrinsic factors that regulate hippocampal neurogenesis include the orphan nuclear receptor TLX (Nr2e1) which is primarily expressed in the neurogenic niches of the brain...
January 2018: Hippocampus
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