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Mood and affect and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#1
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711394/exercise-prevents-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-mood-and-cognitive-dysfunction-and-increases-bdnf-expression-in-the-rat
#2
Charlotte K Callaghan, Jennifer Rouine, Shane M O'Mara
Aerobic exercise has marked effects on mood and cognition. Here, we used an interferon-alpha (IFN-α) induced depression model to evaluate the potential efficacy of chronic treadmill running on mood and cognition in the rat. IFN-α treatment induces behavioral deficits in the forced swim test (FST), open field test and object exploration task. Male han Wistar rats (n=8 per group, 3month old) were injected 3 times weekly with recombinant human IFN-α or saline (control) for 4weeks. One group was exercised 3 times (1h treadmill running) per week while the other remained sedentary...
July 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692579/physical-activity-interventions-for-children-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#3
Tayla Ash, April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Jeanette Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review of the available literature regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions on children with any type of social, emotional, or behavioral disability (SEBD), with attention to a range of physiological, behavioral, and mood outcomes. METHODS: Six databases were searched using a systematic methodology. References of included studies, as well as relevant reviews, were also examined. The review was limited to studies published since 2000 reporting a quantitative analysis of the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention on at least 1 behavioral, psychological, or cognitive outcome in children aged 21 and under, diagnosed with a SEBD...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671892/physical-activity-interventions-for-children-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#4
Tayla Ash, April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Jeanette Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review of the available literature regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions on children with any type of social, emotional, or behavioral disability (SEBD), with attention to a range of physiological, behavioral, and mood outcomes. METHODS: Six databases were searched using a systematic methodology. References of included studies, as well as relevant reviews, were also examined. The review was limited to studies published since 2000 reporting a quantitative analysis of the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention on at least 1 behavioral, psychological, or cognitive outcome in children aged 21 and under, diagnosed with a SEBD...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#5
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622568/per-protocol-investigation-of-a-best-practice-exercise-referral-scheme
#6
L Stewart, E Dolan, P Carver, P A Swinton
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of an exercise referral scheme (ERS) aligned to the UK best practice guidelines on a range of outcomes including those associated with key health concerns of the Scottish population. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal design with data collection at three time points (baseline, midway and post) during a 12-week ERS intervention was employed. METHODS: Health-related physical fitness was assessed through measurement of resting heart rate, blood pressure, FEV1:FEV6 (ratio of forced expiratory volume over one [FEV1] and six [FEV6] seconds), body mass and peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak), whilst functional capacity was assessed through the five times sit to stand test...
June 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510006/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-treatment-seeking-youth
#7
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Ester Di Giacomo, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
A new severity specifier for bulimia nervosa (BN), based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviours (e.g., laxative misuse, self-induced vomiting, fasting, diuretic misuse, and excessive exercise), has been added to the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing variability and heterogeneity in the severity of the disorder. While existing research provides support for the DSM-5 severity specifier for BN in adult patients, evidence for its validity and clinical utility in youth is currently lacking...
May 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505303/acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-affect-and-smoking-craving-in-the-weeks-before-and-after-a-cessation-attempt
#8
Ana M Abrantes, Samantha G Farris, Haruka Minami, David R Strong, Deborah Riebe, Richard A Brown
Introduction: Aerobic exercise may improve smoking abstinence via reductions in craving and negative affect, and increases in positive moods. Acute changes in craving and affect before and after structured exercise sessions have not been examined during the weeks prior to and following quit attempts, nor has smoking status been examined in relation to these effects. Given that regular cigarette smoking can be perceived as affect-enhancing and craving-reducing, it is not known whether exercise could contribute additional affective benefit beyond these effects...
May 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503015/development-and-pilot-randomized-control-trial-of-a-drama-program-to-enhance-well-being-among-older-adults
#9
Raeanne C Moore, Elizabeth Straus, Sheena I Dev, Steven M Parish, Seema Sueko, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTIVE: Develop a novel theatre-based program and test its feasibility, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy for improving empathy/compassion and well-being among older adults. METHOD: Thirteen older adults were randomized to a 6-week Drama Workshop (DW) program or time-equivalent Backstage Pass (BP) control condition. Pre- and post-treatment measures included empathy, compassion, and mood scales. Additional post-treatment measures included self-rated change in empathy/compassion, confidence, and affect...
February 2017: Arts in Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498009/-i-feel-better-when%C3%A2-an-analysis-of-the-memory-experience-gap-for-peoples-estimates-of-the-relationship-between-health-behaviours-and-experiences
#10
Andrew T Gloster, Andrea H Meyer, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Jutta Mata
OBJECTIVE: People often overestimate how strongly behaviours and experiences are related. This memory-experience gap might have important implications for health care settings, which often require people to estimate associations, such as "my mood is better when I exercise". This study examines how subjective correlation estimates between health behaviours and experiences relate to calculated correlations from online reports and whether subjective estimates are associated with engagement in actual health behaviour...
May 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493659/self-management-of-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders-through-physical-activity-exercise
#11
Louise Pelletier, Shamila Shanmugasegaram, Scott B Patten, Alain Demers
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity/exercise is regarded as an important self-management strategy for individuals with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to describe individuals with mood and/or anxiety disorders who were exercising or engaging in physical activity to help manage their disorders versus those who were not, and the facilitators for and barriers to engaging in physical activity/exercise. METHODS: For this study, we used data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component...
May 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479948/assessing-energy-level-as-a-marker-of-aerobic-exercise-readiness-a-pilot-investigation
#12
Kelley Strohacker, William R Boyer, Kayla N Smitherman, Emily Cornelius, Daniel Fazzino
Energy ratings have been used as a marker of exercise readiness (i.e. pre-exercise physical/mental state indicating ability to perform) within flexible nonlinear periodization (FNLP)-based resistance training interventions. However, empirical data is lacking regarding the utility of this approach for aerobic exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of pre-exercise energy level to predict affective and behavioral responses to prescribed aerobic exercise. Participants consisted of 19 women and 8 men (N=27, age=20±4 years, estimated maximal oxygen uptake=37±6)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478855/the-importance-of-self-care-for-fatigue-amongst-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-primary-cancer
#13
Patricia O' Regan, Josephine Hegarty
PURPOSE: To measure Cancer Related Fatigue (CRF), and explore fatigue self-care strategies used to ameliorate CRF amongst patients undergoing chemotherapy for primary cancer. METHODS: A consecutive sample of patients (n = 362) undergoing chemotherapy with a primary diagnosis of breast, colorectal, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cancers were recruited. A mixed methods design was utilised. The study questionnaires included: the Piper Fatigue Scale-Revised and a researcher developed fatigue Self-Care Survey...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476525/the-effects-of-aging-in-the-hippocampus-and-cognitive-decline
#14
REVIEW
Luis E B Bettio, Luckshi Rajendran, Joana Gil-Mohapel
Aging is a natural process that is associated with cognitive decline as well as functional and social impairments. One structure of particular interest when considering aging and cognitive decline is the hippocampus, a brain region known to play an important role in learning and memory consolidation as well as in affective behaviours and mood regulation, and where both functional and structural plasticity (e.g., neurogenesis) occur well into adulthood. Neurobiological alterations seen in the aging hippocampus including increased oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, altered intracellular signalling and gene expression, as well as reduced neurogenesis and synaptic plasticity, are thought to be associated with age-related cognitive decline...
August 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460798/from-the-midnight-sun-to-the-longest-night-sleep-in-antarctica
#15
REVIEW
Nathalie Pattyn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Helio Fernandez-Tellez, Bart Roelands, Olivier Mairesse
Sleep disturbances are the main health complaints from personnel deployed in Antarctica. The current paper presents a systematic review of research findings on sleep disturbances in Antarctica. The available sources were divided in three categories: results based on questionnaire surveys or sleep logs, studies using actigraphy, and data from polysomnography results. Other areas relevant to the issue were also examined. These included chronobiology, since the changes in photoperiod have been known to affect circadian rhythms, mood disturbances, exercise, sleep and hypoxia, countermeasure investigations in Antarctica, and other locations lacking a normal photoperiod...
March 14, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435241/magnitude-of-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-improvement-following-repeat-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#16
Jacqueline S Sandoz, Mary M Roberts, Jin-Gun Cho, John R Wheatley
BACKGROUND: Maintenance and repeated pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) for patients with COPD have attempted to prolong PRP benefits beyond 12-24 months. However, there is limited evidence as to the magnitude of benefit or the ideal interval between repeating the program under "real-world" conditions in which patients are referred based on clinical necessity. Therefore, we reviewed the effects of repeating PRP in a physician-referred cohort of patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 141 individuals with COPD completed PRP twice and 35 completed PRP three times over a 12-year period...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422707/factors-underlying-cognitive-decline-in-old-age-and-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-the-hippocampus
#17
Wafa Jaroudi, Julia Garami, Sandra Garrido, Michael Hornberger, Szabolcs Keri, Ahmed A Moustafa
There are many factors that strongly influence the aetiology, development, and progression of cognitive decline in old age, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). These factors include not only different personality traits and moods but also lifestyle patterns (e.g. exercise and diet) and awareness levels that lead to cognitive decline in old age. In this review, we discuss how personality traits, mood states, and lifestyle impact brain and behaviour in older adults. Specifically, our review shows that these lifestyle and personality factors affect several brain regions, including the hippocampus, a region key for memory that is affected by cognitive decline in old age as well as AD...
April 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408830/twelve-week-physical-exercise-does-not-have-a-long-lasting-effect-on-kynurenines-in-plasma-of-depressed-patients
#18
Vincent Millischer, Sophie Erhardt, Örjan Ekblom, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has well-characterized positive effects on depressive symptoms. The underlying biologic mechanisms are, however, far from established. A recently discovered mechanism has linked the enhanced conversion of kynurenine to kynurenic acid (KYNA) to an increased resilience toward stress-induced depression in mice. The aim of this study was to translate these findings to humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kynurenine and KYNA levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in plasma samples from 117 patients affected by mild-to-moderate depression before and within a week after a 12-week training period at three different intensities...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377735/exercise-intensity-dependent-effects-on-cognitive-control-function-during-and-after-acute-treadmill-running-in-young-healthy-adults
#19
Martin Wohlwend, Alexander Olsen, Asta K Håberg, Helen S Palmer
The idea that physical activity differentially impacts upon performance of various cognitive tasks has recently gained increased interest. However, our current knowledge about how cognition is altered by acute physical activity is incomplete. To measure how different intensity levels of physical activity affect cognition during and after 1 bout of physical activity, 30 healthy, young participants were randomized to perform a not-X continuous performance test (CPT) during low (LI)- and moderate intensity (MI) running...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347291/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-training-and-cancer-phys-can-the-impact-of-exercise-intensity-on-cancer-related-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-disease-outcome
#20
Sveinung Berntsen, Neil K Aaronson, Laurien Buffart, Sussanne Börjeson, Ingrid Demmelmaier, Maria Hellbom, Pernille Hojman, Helena Igelström, Birgitta Johansson, Ronnie Pingel, Truls Raastad, Galina Velikova, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Karin Nordin
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is a common problem in persons with cancer, influencing health-related quality of life and causing a considerable challenge to society. Current evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical exercise in reducing fatigue, but the results across studies are not consistent, especially in terms of exercise intensity. It is also unclear whether use of behaviour change techniques can further increase exercise adherence and maintain physical activity behaviour...
March 27, 2017: BMC Cancer
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