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Mood and affect and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435241/magnitude-of-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-improvement-following-repeat-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#1
Jacqueline S Sandoz, Mary M Roberts, Jin-Gun Cho, John R Wheatley
BACKGROUND: Maintenance and repeated pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) for patients with COPD have attempted to prolong PRP benefits beyond 12-24 months. However, there is limited evidence as to the magnitude of benefit or the ideal interval between repeating the program under "real-world" conditions in which patients are referred based on clinical necessity. Therefore, we reviewed the effects of repeating PRP in a physician-referred cohort of patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 141 individuals with COPD completed PRP twice and 35 completed PRP three times over a 12-year period...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422707/factors-underlying-cognitive-decline-in-old-age-and-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-the-hippocampus
#2
Wafa Jaroudi, Julia Garami, Sandra Garrido, Michael Hornberger, Szabolcs Keri, Ahmed A Moustafa
There are many factors that strongly influence the aetiology, development, and progression of cognitive decline in old age, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). These factors include not only different personality traits and moods but also lifestyle patterns (e.g. exercise and diet) and awareness levels that lead to cognitive decline in old age. In this review, we discuss how personality traits, mood states, and lifestyle impact brain and behaviour in older adults. Specifically, our review shows that these lifestyle and personality factors affect several brain regions, including the hippocampus, a region key for memory that is affected by cognitive decline in old age as well as AD...
April 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408830/twelve-week-physical-exercise-does-not-have-a-long-lasting-effect-on-kynurenines-in-plasma-of-depressed-patients
#3
Vincent Millischer, Sophie Erhardt, Örjan Ekblom, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has well-characterized positive effects on depressive symptoms. The underlying biologic mechanisms are, however, far from established. A recently discovered mechanism has linked the enhanced conversion of kynurenine to kynurenic acid (KYNA) to an increased resilience toward stress-induced depression in mice. The aim of this study was to translate these findings to humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kynurenine and KYNA levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in plasma samples from 117 patients affected by mild-to-moderate depression before and within a week after a 12-week training period at three different intensities...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377735/exercise-intensity-dependent-effects-on-cognitive-control-function-during-and-after-acute-treadmill-running-in-young-healthy-adults
#4
Martin Wohlwend, Alexander Olsen, Asta K Håberg, Helen S Palmer
The idea that physical activity differentially impacts upon performance of various cognitive tasks has recently gained increased interest. However, our current knowledge about how cognition is altered by acute physical activity is incomplete. To measure how different intensity levels of physical activity affect cognition during and after 1 bout of physical activity, 30 healthy, young participants were randomized to perform a not-X continuous performance test (CPT) during low (LI)- and moderate intensity (MI) running...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347291/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-training-and-cancer-phys-can-the-impact-of-exercise-intensity-on-cancer-related-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-disease-outcome
#5
Sveinung Berntsen, Neil K Aaronson, Laurien Buffart, Sussanne Börjeson, Ingrid Demmelmaier, Maria Hellbom, Pernille Hojman, Helena Igelström, Birgitta Johansson, Ronnie Pingel, Truls Raastad, Galina Velikova, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Karin Nordin
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is a common problem in persons with cancer, influencing health-related quality of life and causing a considerable challenge to society. Current evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical exercise in reducing fatigue, but the results across studies are not consistent, especially in terms of exercise intensity. It is also unclear whether use of behaviour change techniques can further increase exercise adherence and maintain physical activity behaviour...
March 27, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296943/new-approaches-to-determine-fatigue-in-elite-athletes-during-intensified-training-resting-metabolic-rate-and-pacing-profile
#6
Amy L Woods, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Bronwen Lundy, Anthony J Rice, Kevin G Thompson
BACKGROUND: Elite rowers complete a high volume of training across a number of modalities to prepare for competition, including periods of intensified load, which may lead to fatigue and short-term performance decrements. As yet, the influence of substantial fatigue on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and exercise regulation (pacing), and their subsequent utility as monitoring parameters, has not been explicitly investigated in elite endurance athletes. METHOD: Ten National-level rowers completed a four-week period of intensified training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216087/neural-consequences-of-post-exertion-malaise-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#7
Dane B Cook, Alan R Light, Kathleen C Light, Gordon Broderick, Morgan R Shields, Ryan J Dougherty, Jacob D Meyer, Stephanie VanRiper, Aaron J Stegner, Laura D Ellingson, Suzanne D Vernon
Post exertion malaise is one of the most debilitating aspects of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, yet the neurobiological consequences are largely unexplored. The objective of the study was to determine the neural consequences of acute exercise using functional brain imaging. Fifteen female Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients and 15 healthy female controls completed 30min of submaximal exercise (70% of peak heart rate) on a cycle ergometer. Symptom assessments (e.g...
February 17, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138315/effect-of-mouth-rinsing-and-ingestion-of-carbohydrate-solutions-on-mood-and-perceptual-responses-during-exercise
#8
Ajmol Ali, Catherine Moss, Michelle Ji Yeon Yoo, Alanah Wilkinson, Bernhard H Breier
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether mouth rinsing or ingesting carbohydrate (CHO) solutions impact on perceptual responses during exercise. METHODS: Nine moderately trained male cyclists underwent a 90-min glycogen-reducing exercise, and consumed a low CHO meal, prior to completing an overnight fast. A 1-h cycle time trial was performed the following morning. Four trials, each separated by 7 days, were conducted in a randomized, counterbalanced study design: 15% CHO mouth rinse (CHOR), 7...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135023/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-and-paracetamol-do-not-affect-6-month-mood-stabilizing-treatment-outcome-among-482-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Louisa Sylvia, Michael Thase, Joseph R Calabrese, Thilo Deckersbach, Mauricio Tohen, Charles L Bowden, Melvin McInnis, James H Kocsis, Edward S Friedman, Terence A Ketter, Susan McElroy, Richard C Shelton, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: Many mood disorder patients need analgesics due to increased pain sensitivity. Recent studies have suggested that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may inhibit antidepressant treatment, which requires replication before clinical recommendations. METHODS: The Clinical and Health Outcomes Initiatives in Comparative Effectiveness for Bipolar Disorder Study randomized participants to 6 months lithium or quetiapine treatment. Use of NSAIDs and paracetamol was assessed throughout the study period and psychopathology measured with the Clinical Global Impression Scale for Bipolar Disorder (CGI-BP) and Bipolar Inventory of Symptoms Scale (BISS)...
January 30, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090146/rapid-weight-loss-in-the-context-of-ramadan-observance-recommendations-for-judokas
#10
REVIEW
A Aloui, H Chtourou, W Briki, M Tabben, A Chaouachi, N Souissi, R J Shephard, K Chamari
Judo is a weight-classified combat sport, and many athletes seek to compete at the lightest possible weight category to gain an advantage from competing against shorter/smaller, and supposedly weaker opponents. To achieve a desired weight, most judokas opt for rapid weight loss techniques. Short-duration maximal efforts are not greatly affected by "making weight", but prolonged and/or repeated exercise is significantly impaired. Negative effects on mood, ratings of perceived exertion, and cognitive function are also reported...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus‑based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel, and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic workup of patients with chronic widespread (generalized) pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treatment options. Every patient with CWP requires, at the first medical evaluation, a complete history, medical examination, and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, measurement of C‑reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid‑stimulating hormone, and 25‑hydroxyvitamin D levels) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051833/cognitive-benefits-of-exercise-intervention
#12
REVIEW
T Archer, S Ricci, F Massoni, L Ricci, M Rapp-Ricciardi
Exercise, as a potent epigenetic regulator, implies the potential to counteract pathophysiological processes and alterations in most cardiovascular/respiratory cells and tissues not withstanding a paucity of understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms and doseresponse relationships. In the present account, the assets accruing from physical exercise and its influence upon executive functioning are examined. Under conditions of neuropsychiatric and neurologic ill-health, age-related deterioration of functional and biomarker indicators during healthy and disordered trajectories, neuroimmune and affective unbalance, and epigenetic pressures, exercise offers a large harvest of augmentations in health and well-being...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034985/psychosocial-influences-on-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia
#13
Angelique G Brellenthin, Kevin M Crombie, Dane B Cook, Nalini Sehgal, Kelli F Koltyn
Objective.: The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial influences on exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). Design.: Randomized controlled trial. Setting.: Clinical research unit in a hospital. Subjects.: Fifty-eight healthy men and women (mean age = 21 ± 3 years) participated in this study. Methods.: Participants were first asked to complete a series of baseline demographic and psychological questionnaires including the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Fear of Pain Questionnaire, and the Family Environment Scale...
March 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002636/caregiver-mediated-exercises-for-improving-outcomes-after-stroke
#14
REVIEW
Judith Dm Vloothuis, Marijn Mulder, Janne M Veerbeek, Manin Konijnenbelt, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily, Johannes Cf Ket, Gert Kwakkel, Erwin Eh van Wegen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability in adults. Several systematic reviews have shown that a higher intensity of training can lead to better functional outcomes after stroke. Currently, the resources in inpatient settings are not always sufficient and innovative methods are necessary to meet these recommendations without increasing healthcare costs. A resource efficient method to augment intensity of training could be to involve caregivers in exercise training. A caregiver-mediated exercise programme has the potential to improve outcomes in terms of body function, activities, and participation in people with stroke...
December 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916427/tea-cocoa-coffee-and-affective-disorders-vicious-or-virtuous-cycle
#15
REVIEW
Tatiana García-Blanco, Alberto Dávalos, Francesco Visioli
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is increasing worldwide, which underscores the importance of increasing research in this field, in terms of better detection, prevention based on improvement of lifestyle and diet, and effectiveness of treatment. Increasing evidence suggest that diet and exercise can affect proper neuronal development and physiology and protect the brain from neurological illnesses or injuries. Of note, cocoa, tea, and coffee are being actively investigated because they are rich in (poly)phenolic compounds that can modulate mental health, namely brain plasticity, behavior, mood, depression, and cognition...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817910/sugars-exercise-and-health
#16
REVIEW
Roberto Codella, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between a variety of addictions and mood states to which exercise could be relieving. Sugar addiction has been recently counted as another binge/compulsive/addictive eating behavior, differently induced, leading to a high-significant health problem. Regularly exercising at moderate intensity has been shown to efficiently and positively impact upon physiological imbalances caused by several morbid conditions, including affective disorders. Even in a wider set of physchiatric diseases, physical exercise has been prescribed as a complementary therapeutic strategy...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807037/two-days-of-calorie-deprivation-induced-by-underfeeding-and-aerobic-exercise-degrades-mood-and-lowers-interstitial-glucose-but-does-not-impair-cognitive-function-in-young-adults
#17
Harris R Lieberman, Asma S Bukhari, John A Caldwell, Marques A Wilson, Caroline R Mahoney, Stefan M Pasiakos, James P McClung, Tracey J Smith
BACKGROUND: In studies assessing the effects of acute undernutrition on cognitive function, volunteers are sedentary and findings are equivocal, even though glucose concentrations fall substantially. However, military personnel and endurance athletes often are underfed when physical demands, and consequently energy expenditure, are substantial. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether 2 d of near-total calorie deprivation combined with aerobic exercise degraded cognitive performance and mood...
January 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760413/what-is-the-impact-of-impaired-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-in-copd-after-adjusting-for-confounders
#18
Rafael Mesquita, Frits M E Franssen, Sarah Houben-Wilke, Nicole H M K Uszko-Lencer, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Yvonne M J Goërtz, Fabio Pitta, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether and to what extent impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) affects physical and psychological status in COPD. We aimed to compare health outcome measures between COPD patients with and without impaired LVEF after adjusting for age, sex, BMI and FEV1. METHODS: Impaired LVEF was defined as values <50%. 85 COPD patients with impaired LVEF and 85 COPD patients with normal LVEF were matched for sex, age, BMI and FEV1...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697714/relationships-between-serum-bdnf-and-the-antidepressant-effect-of-acute-exercise-in-depressed-women
#19
Jacob D Meyer, Kelli F Koltyn, Aaron J Stegner, Jee-Seon Kim, Dane B Cook
OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has recently emerged as one potential mechanism with which exercise improves mood in major depressive disorder (MDD). This study examined the relationship between changes in serum total BDNF and mood following acute exercise in MDD. It was hypothesized that acute exercise would increase BDNF in an intensity-dependent manner and that changes in BDNF would be significantly related to improvement in depressed mood post-exercise. METHODS: Twenty-four women (age: 38...
December 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689899/sleep-restriction-alters-plasma-endocannabinoids-concentrations-before-but-not-after-exercise-in-humans
#20
Jonathan Cedernaes, Flaminia Fanelli, Alessia Fazzini, Uberto Pagotto, Jan-Erik Broman, Heike Vogel, Suzanne L Dickson, Helgi B Schiöth, Christian Benedict
Following binding to cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids regulate a variety of central nervous system processes including appetite and mood. Recent evidence suggests that the systemic release of these lipid metabolites can be altered by acute exercise and that their levels also vary across the 24-h sleep-wake cycle. The present study utilized a within-subject design (involving 16 normal-weight men) to determine whether daytime circulating endocannabinoid concentrations differ following three nights of partial sleep deprivation (4...
December 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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