keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pig

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926824/effectiveness-of-different-corn-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-feeding-strategies-and-increasing-the-time-intervals-between-the-second-improvest-dose-and-slaughter-of-immunologically-castrated-pigs-on-belly-and-pork-fat-quality
#1
E K Harris, M A Mellencamp, L J Johnston, R B Cox, G C Shurson
Effects of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) feeding strategies (a corn-soybean meal (CS) fed continously; CS+40% DDGS fed continously; CS+40, 30, 20, or 10% DDGS in 4 phases, respectively; or CS+40% DDGS in phases 1 to 3 and CS in phase 4 before slaughter) on belly and pork fat quality of immunologically castrated (n=192) pigs were evaluated. All pigs received the first Improvest dose at 11week of age, and the second dose at 9, 7, or 5week before slaughter at 24week of age. Increasing the time interval of the second Improvest dose before slaughter reduced IV in all fat depots and increased belly thickness...
September 9, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926818/effects-of-genetically-modified-cotton-stalks-on-antibiotic-resistance-genes-inti1-and-inti2-during-pig-manure-composting
#2
Manli Duan, Jie Gu, Xiaojuan Wang, Yang Li, Sheqi Zhang, Yanan Yin, Ranran Zhang
Genetically modified (GM) cotton production generates a large yield of stalks and their disposal is difficult. In order to study the feasibility of using GM cotton stalks for composting and the changes that occur in antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) during composting, we supplemented pig manure with GM or non-GM cotton stalks during composting and we compared their effects on the absolute abundances (AA) of intI1, intI2, and ARGs under the two treatments. The compost was mature after processing based on the germination index and C/N ratio...
September 16, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926021/the-economics-of-animal-welfare
#3
T J Gibson, E L Jackson
This paper examines four examples of animal welfare issues, demonstrating the interactions between welfare and economic principles. Welfare issues associated with purebred companion animals are examined in terms of predicted inherited diseases, highlighting the power of supply and demand in perpetuating traits in pets that compromise their well-being. The livestock industry is presented from the point of view of pig production and the impact that a major disease (pleurisy) has on production and the animals' welfare...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924489/identification-of-an-enterovirus-recombinant-with-a-torovirus-like-gene-insertion-during-a-diarrhea-outbreak-in-fattening-pigs
#4
Nádia Conceição-Neto, Sebastiaan Theuns, Tingting Cui, Mark Zeller, Claude Kwe Yinda, Isaura Christiaens, Elisabeth Heylen, Marc Van Ranst, Sebastien Carpentier, Hans J Nauwynck, Jelle Matthijnssens
Diarrhea outbreaks in pig farms have raised major concerns in Europe and USA, as they can lead to dramatic pig losses. During a suspected outbreak in Belgium of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), we performed viral metagenomics to assess other potential viral pathogens. Although PEDV was detected, its low abundance indicated that other viruses were involved in the outbreak. Interestingly, a porcine bocavirus and several enteroviruses were most abundant in the sample. We also observed the presence of a porcine enterovirus genome with a gene insertion, resembling a C28 peptidase gene found in toroviruses, which was confirmed using re-sequencing, bioinformatics, and proteomics approaches...
July 2017: Virus Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924388/spatiotemporal-expression-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-during-morphogenesis-and-odontogenesis-of-deciduous-molar-in-miniature-pig
#5
Xiaoshan Wu, Yan Li, Fu Wang, Lei Hu, Yang Li, Jinsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Songlin Wang
The canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway has been shown to play essential roles in tooth initiation and early tooth development. However, the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in cusp patterning and crown calcification in large mammals are largely unknown. In our previous study, miniature pigs were used as the animal model due to the similarity of tooth anatomy and replacement pattern between miniature pig and human. Dynamic gene expression of third deciduous molar (DM3) in miniature pig at early stages was profiled using microarray method and expression of Wnt genes was significantly correlate with odontogenesis...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924262/prenatal-glucocorticoid-exposure-modifies-endocrine-function-and-behaviour-for-3-generations-following-maternal-and-paternal-transmission
#6
Vasilis G Moisiadis, Andrea Constantinof, Alisa Kostaki, Moshe Szyf, Stephen G Matthews
Fetal exposure to high levels of glucocorticoids programs long-term changes in the physiologic stress response and behaviours. However, it is not known whether effects manifest in subsequent generations of offspring following maternal (MT) or paternal (PT) transmission. We treated pregnant guinea pigs with three courses of saline or synthetic glucocorticoid (sGC) at a clinically relevant dose. Altered cortisol response to stress and behaviours transmitted to juvenile female and male F2 and F3 offspring from both parental lines...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923896/experimental-and-theoretical-approaches-to-investigate-the-immunogenicity-of-taenia-solium-derived-ke7-antigen
#7
Raúl J Bobes, José Navarrete-Perea, Adrián Ochoa-Leyva, Víctor Hugo Anaya, Marisela Hernández, Jacquelynne Cervantes-Torres, Karel Estrada, Filiberto Sánchez-Lopez, Xavier Soberón, Gabriela Rosas, Cáris Maroni Nunes, Martín García-Varela, Rogerio Rafael Sotelo-Mundo, Alonso Alexis López-Zavala, Goar Gevorkian, Gonzalo Acero, Juan P Laclette, Gladis Fragoso, Edda Sciutto
Taenia solium cysticercosis, a parasitic disease that affects human health in various regions of the world, is preventable by vaccination. Both the 97-amino-acid-long KETc7 peptide and its carboxyl-terminal, 18-amino-acid-long sequence (GK-1) are found in Taenia crassiceps Both peptides, with proven protective capacity against cysticercosis, are part of the highly conserved, cestode-native, 264-amino-acid long protein KE7. KE7 belongs to a ubiquitously distributed family of proteins associated to membrane processes and may participate in several vital cell pathways...
September 18, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923649/hypothermic-machine-perfusion-s-protection-on-porcine-kidney-graft-uncovers-greater-akt-erk-phosphorylation
#8
N He, J-H Li, J-J Jia, K-D Xu, Y-F Zhou, L Jiang, H-H Lu, S-Y Yin, H-Y Xie, L Zhou, S-S Zheng
BACKGROUND: To investigate the potential mechanisms of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP)'s beneficial effects on kidney graft over static cold storage (SCS) in vitro. METHODS: Ten kidneys of 5 Bama miniature male pigs were paired into 2 groups: SCS group and HMP group. Preservation solutions were taken at 0, 1, 3, and 6 hours for the measurement of K(+), Na(+), Cl(-), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) using the standard laboratory methods...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923281/genetic-diversity-and-intergenogroup-recombination-events-of-sapoviruses-detected-from-feces-of-pigs-in-japan
#9
Moegi Kuroda, Tsuneyuki Masuda, Mika Ito, Yuki Naoi, Yen Hai Doan, Kei Haga, Shinobu Tsuchiaka, Mai Kishimoto, Kaori Sano, Tsutomu Omatsu, Yukie Katayama, Mami Oba, Hiroshi Aoki, Toru Ichimaru, Fujikko Sunaga, Itsuro Mukono, Hiroshi Yamasato, Junsuke Shirai, Kazuhiko Katayama, Tetsuya Mizutani, Tomoichiro Oka, Makoto Nagai
Sapoviruses (SaV) are enteric viruses infecting humans and animals. SaVs are highly diverse and are divided into multiple genogroups based on structural protein (VP1) sequences. SaVs detected from pigs belong to eight genogroups (GIII, GV, GVI, GVII, GVIII, GIX, GX, and GXI), but little is known about the SaV genogroup distribution in the Japanese pig population. In the present study, 26 nearly complete genome (>6000 nucleotide: nt) and three partial sequences (2429nt, 4364nt, and 4419nt in length, including the entire VP1 coding region) of SaV were obtained from one diarrheic and 15 non-diarrheic porcine feces in Japan via a metagenomics approach...
September 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923090/mapping-occurrence-of-taenia-solium-taeniosis-cysticercosis-and-areas-at-risk-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-basin
#10
Uffe Christian Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Fortune Sithole, Ziqi Wang, Arve Lee Willingham
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to map the occurrence of Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis at national level within Central America and the Caribbean basin, and to map the distribution of porcine cysticercosis at first-level administrative subdivision level (department level) and the porcine population at risk. This zoonotic parasite is believed to be widely endemic across most of Latin America. However, there is little information readily available for Central America and the Caribbean basin...
September 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922413/exploitation-of-stable-nanostructures-based-on-the-mouse-polyomavirus-for-development-of-a-recombinant-vaccine-against-porcine-circovirus-2
#11
Martin Fraiberk, Michaela Hájková, Magdaléna Krulová, Martina Kojzarová, Alena Drda Morávková, Ivan Pšikal, Jitka Forstová
The aim of this study was to develop a suitable vaccine antigen against porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), the causative agent of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome, which causes significant economic losses in swine breeding. Chimeric antigens containing PCV2b Cap protein sequences based on the mouse polyomavirus (MPyV) nanostructures were developed. First, universal vectors for baculovirus-directed production of chimeric MPyV VLPs or pentamers of the major capsid protein, VP1, were designed for their exploitation as vaccines against other pathogens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922357/analysis-of-nuclear-and-organellar-genomes-of-plasmodium-knowlesi-in-humans-reveals-ancient-population-structure-and-recent-recombination-among-host-specific-subpopulations
#12
Ernest Diez Benavente, Paola Florez de Sessions, Robert W Moon, Anthony A Holder, Michael J Blackman, Cally Roper, Christopher J Drakeley, Arnab Pain, Colin J Sutherland, Martin L Hibberd, Susana Campino, Taane G Clark
The macaque parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is a significant concern in Malaysia where cases of human infection are increasing. Parasites infecting humans originate from genetically distinct subpopulations associated with the long-tailed (Macaca fascicularis (Mf)) or pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina (Mn)). We used a new high-quality reference genome to re-evaluate previously described subpopulations among human and macaque isolates from Malaysian-Borneo and Peninsular-Malaysia. Nuclear genomes were dimorphic, as expected, but new evidence of chromosomal-segment exchanges between subpopulations was found...
September 18, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922117/magnetic-resonance-mediated-radiofrequency-ablation
#13
Yik-Kiong Hue, Alexander R Guimaraes, Ouri Cohen, Erez Nevo, Abraham Roth, Jerome L Ackerman, Jerome L Ackerman
OBJECTIVE: To introduce magnetic resonance mediated radiofrequency ablation (MR-RFA), in which the MRI scanner uniquely serves both diagnostic and therapeutic roles. In MR-RFA scanner-induced RF heating is channeled to the ablation site via a Larmor frequency RF pickup device and needle system, and controlled via the pulse sequence. METHODS: MR-RFA was evaluated with simulation of electric and magnetic fields to predict the increase in local specific-absorption-rate (SAR)...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922026/characterization-of-quinolone-resistance-in-salmonella-enterica-from-farm-animals-in-china
#14
Ting-Ting Cao, Guo-Hui Deng, Liang-Xing Fang, Run-Shi Yang, Jian Sun, Ya-Hong Liu, Xiao-Ping Liao
This study was focused on the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Salmonella directly isolated at animal clinics in Guangdong, People's Republic of China. The isolation rates from chickens, ducks, and pigs were 11.3% (11 of 97 samples), 15.4% (53 of 344 samples), and 3.0% (13 of 434 samples), respectively. Among the 77 Salmonella enterica isolates, the most predominant serovar was Typhimurium (81.8%, 63 isolates), followed by serovars Meleagridis (2.6%, 2 isolates) and Abaetetuba (1.3%, 1 isolate)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921940/attribution-of-human-infections-with-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-to-livestock-sources-and-identification-of-source-specific-risk-factors-the-netherlands-2010-2014
#15
L Mughini-Gras, W van Pelt, M van der Voort, M Heck, I Friesema, E Franz
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen of public health concern whose sources and transmission routes are difficult to trace. Using a combined source attribution and case-control analysis, we determined the relative contributions of four putative livestock sources (cattle, small ruminants, pigs, poultry) to human STEC infections and their associated dietary, animal contact, temporal and socio-econo-demographic risk factors in the Netherlands in 2010/2011-2014. Dutch source data were supplemented with those from other European countries with similar STEC epidemiology...
September 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921905/antibiotic-resistant-escherichia-coli-in-southeastern-australian-pig-herds-and-implications-for-surveillance
#16
L K van Breda, O P Dhungyel, M P Ward
To investigate public health implications of antibiotics to control post-weaning scours, we surveyed 22 commercial pig herds in southeastern Australia. Fifty faecal samples per herd were collected from pre- and post-weaned piglets. Presumptive Escherichia coli isolates were confirmed by MALDI-TOF MS. Isolates (n = 325) were screened for susceptibility to 19 veterinary antibiotics using MIC broth microdilution. All 325 E. coli isolates underwent further testing against 27 antibiotics used in human medicine and were screened for ETEC adhesin and enterotoxin genes (F4 (K88), F5 (K99), F6 (987P), F18, F41, STa, STb, Stx2e and LT) by multiplex PCR...
September 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921895/genetic-characterization-of-african-swine-fever-virus-isolates-from-soft-ticks-at-the-wildlife-domestic-interface-in-mozambique-and-identification-of-a-novel-genotype
#17
C J Quembo, F Jori, W Vosloo, L Heath
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is one of the most threatening infectious diseases of pigs. There are not sufficient data to indicate the importance of the sylvatic cycle in the spread and maintenance of the disease locally and potentially, globally. To assess the capacity to maintain ASF in the environment, we investigated the presence of soft tickreservoirs of ASFV in Gorongosa National Park (GNP) and its surrounding villages. A total of 1,658 soft ticks were recovered from warthog burrows and pig pens at the wildlife/livestock interface of the GNP and viral DNA was confirmed by nested PCR in 19% of Ornithodoros porcinus porcinus and 15% of O...
September 17, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921873/diagnostic-specificity-of-the-african-swine-fever-virus-antibody-detection-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-in-feral-and-domestic-pigs-in-the-united-states
#18
H C Bergeron, P S Glas, K R Schumann
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious haemorrhagic disease of pigs that has the potential to cause mortality nearing 100% in naïve animals. While an outbreak of ASF in the United States' pig population (domestic and feral) has never been reported, an introduction of the disease has the potential to cause devastation to the pork industry and food security. During the recovery phase of an outbreak, an antibody detection diagnostic assay would be required to prove freedom of disease within the previously infected zone and eventually nationwide...
September 18, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921519/impact-of-pork-collagen-superfine-powder-on-rheological-and-texture-properties-of-harbin-red-sausage
#19
Wenhang Wang, Xiao Wang, Wenping Zhao, Guixian Gao, Xiaowei Zhang, Yabin Wang, Yanan Wang
It is a challenge for producers to looking for excellent filler to satisfy the required qualities of high grade meat products such as Harbin red sausage in China. Four collagen superfine powders (CSPs) from pig skin with different heating pretreatments, named as T0 (non-heating), T1 (at 60 °C for 20 min), T2 (at 80 °C for 20 min), T3 (at 120 °C for 10 min) respectively, at various concentrations (1, 3, 5 wt%) were added to the sausage and their impact on sausage properties was investigated. Rheological results showed that addition of CSPs especially T2 increased the elastic modulus (G') of sausage, indicating the enhanced stabilization of meat batter due to formation of a coherent protein network...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921455/construction-of-an-hrp-streptavidin-bound-antigen-and-its-application-in-an-elisa-for-porcine-circovirus-2-antibodies
#20
Meng Ge, Run-Cheng Li, Tailong Qu, Wenjie Gong, Xing-Long Yu, Changchun Tu
A fusion protein SBP-Cap∆41, consisting of Cap∆41 (without 41 amino acids at the N-terminus) protein of porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) and a streptavidin binding peptide (SBP), was constructed. This fusion protein binds to HRP-labeled streptavidin (HRP-SA) through high affinity between SBP and SA, forming an HRP-streptavidin bound antigen (Hsb-Ag) with both immunoreactivity and enzymatic activity, which can be used in a double-antigen sandwich ELISA for detection of PCV2 antibodies. Comparison of the characteristics of the HSb-Cap∆41 and chemical conjugates of the recombinant Cap∆41 protein showed that the HSb-Cap∆41 based double-antigen sandwich ELISA (HBDS-ELISA) had higher specificity and sensitivity...
September 18, 2017: AMB Express
keyword
keyword
53138
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"