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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#1
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902754/wrist-pain-in-gymnasts-a-review-of-common-overuse-wrist-pathology-in-the-gymnastics-athlete
#2
Holly J Benjamin, Sean C Engel, Debra Chudzik
Injury rates among gymnasts are among the highest of any sport at the high school and collegiate level per athletic exposure. The wrist has increased injury risk due to repetitive physical stresses predisposing it to acute injury, overuse, and degenerative damage. This article will review the most common overuse wrist injuries seen in gymnasts. Prompt evaluation and management is necessary to avoid the negative sequelae that can often accompany these injuries. Little is known about effective sport-specific injury prevention strategies, but general guidelines for overuse injury prevention including limiting excessive loading of the wrist, maintaining wrist joint flexibility, an emphasis on proper technique, and incorporating wrist and general core strengthening seem beneficial...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886823/update-on-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-and-care-in-the-female-athlete
#3
REVIEW
Jeremy M Burnham, Vonda Wright
As female athlete sports participation has continued to increase, the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture in female athletes has also increased. Individualized, patient-specific treatment is crucial to achieving optimal outcomes; ACL reconstruction must accurately restore native ACL anatomy and address any concomitant injury to secondary stabilizers. Rehabilitation programs should target hip, core, and trunk neuromuscular control; allow adequate time for graft ligamentization; and address the psychosocial needs of the athlete...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#4
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878570/some-applications-of-mathematics-in-golf
#5
REVIEW
S R Otto
At its core, like many other sports, golf is a game of integers. The minimization of the number of strokes played is generally what determines the winner, whether each of these are associated with the shortest of putts or the longest of drives. The outcomes of these shots are influenced by very slight changes, but hopefully in a deterministic sense. Understanding the mechanics of golf necessitates the development of models and this is coupled more often than not to the use of statistics. In essence, the individual aspects of the sport can be modelled adequately via fairly simplistic models, but the presence of a human at one end of the kinematic chain has a significant impact on the variability of the entire process...
August 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853323/-the-individual-at-the-centre-a-grounded-theory-explaining-how-sport-clubs-retain-young-adults
#6
Eva-Carin Lindgren, Claes Annerstedt, John Dohsten
PURPOSE: There is still a lack of knowledge regarding which social processes occur in sport clubs and what factors influence young adults to want to remain in a sport club context. Thus, the purpose of this study was to construct a grounded theory (GT) explaining how sport clubs can retain their young adults. METHOD: The study uses an intersectional approach. In line with constructivist GT methodology, data from 14 focus-group interviews (27 coaches and 28 young adults) were collected and analysed using a constant comparative method...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835822/a-case-report-glycopyrrolate-for-treatment-of-exercise-induced-hyperhidrosis
#7
Matthew Negaard, Christopher Anthony, Daniel Bonthius, Matthew Jepson, Britt Marcussen, Daniel Pelzer, Andrew Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Hyperhidrosis can cause dehydration and exercise intolerance. There are several case reports of extremely high sweat rates in athletes. We present as case report of a 17-year-old male with the highest sweat rate recorded in the literature (5.8 L/h). Our goal was to determine if glycopyrrolate, an anticholinergic medication with primarily anti-muscarinic effects that is known to decrease sweat production, would reduce the sweat rate of our subject in a controlled exercise setting...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818324/the-treatment-of-segmental-tibial-fractures-does-patient-preference-differ-from-surgeon-choice
#8
Z Little, T O Smith, S E McMahon, C Cooper, A Trompeter, M Pearse, S Britten, B Rogers, H Sharma, B Narayan, M Costa, D J Beard, C B Hing
INTRODUCTION: Segmental tibial fractures are complex injuries with a prolonged recovery time. Current definitive treatment options include intramedullary fixation or a circular external fixator. However, there is uncertainty as to which surgical option is preferable and there are no sufficiently rigorous multi-centre trials that have answered this question. The objective of this study was to determine whether patient and surgeon opinion was permissive for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing intramedullary nailing to the application of a circular external fixator...
August 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814909/increasing-medical-student-exposure-to-musculoskeletal-medicine-the-initial-impact-of-the-orthopaedic-surgery-and-sports-medicine-interest-group
#9
Dayne T Mickelson, Philip K Louie, Kenneth R Gundle, Alex W Farnand, Douglas P Hanel
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of the Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Interest Group (OSSMIG) on medical student interest and confidence in core musculoskeletal (MSK) concepts through supplemental education and experiences at a single tertiary, academic institution. METHODS: Medical student OSSMIG members at various levels of training were anonymously surveyed at the beginning and end of the 2014-2015 academic year. RESULTS: Eighteen (N=18) medical student interest group members completed the survey...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798200/wearable-physiological-monitoring-for-human-thermal-work-strain-optimization
#10
Mark J Buller, Alexander Pearson Welles, Karl E Friedl
Safe performance limits of soldiers and athletes have typically relied on predictive work-rest models of ambient conditions, average work intensity, and characteristics of the population. Bioengineering advances in noninvasive sensor technologies including miniaturization, reduced cost, power requirements, and comfort now make it possible to produce individual predictions of safe thermal-work limits. These precision medicine assessments depend on the development of thoughtful algorithms based on physics and physiology...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674299/introduction-interprofessional-education-ipe-and-pharmaceutical-education-saitama-interprofessional-education-project
#11
Osamu Hosoya
 In 2002, the Centre for the Advancement of Interprofessional Education (CAIPE) defined interprofessional education (IPE) as: Interprofessional Education occurs when two or more professions learn with, from, and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care. Since 2005, also in Japan, IPE has been introduced within educational institutions to train professionals in healthcare and welfare. Within pharmaceutical education, to acquire the "10 qualities required for pharmacists" indicated by revised model core curricula for pharmaceutical education in 2015, IPE is thought quite important...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571033/how-to-develop-intelligence-gathering-in-efficient-and-practical-anti-doping-activities
#12
Mathieu Holz, Jack Robertson
Prior to the formation of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the fight against doping in sport was not unified; instead, it relied on individual approaches established by various stakeholders to make it effective. The scandal of the Festina Affair, during the Tour de France 1998, and other drug doping scandals revealed the ineffectiveness and inadequacy of such an approach. The resulting media scandal raised public authorities' awareness about the necessity to deal with doping in sport with a harmonized and a more effective approach...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499470/exercise-and-environment-new-qualitative-work-to-link-popular-practice-and-public-health
#13
Russell Hitchings, Alan Latham
The health benefits of physical activity are many and well known. Those hoping to promote public health are therefore understandably keen on encouraging physical exercise. This commentary considers the role of qualitative research in this undertaking, given a context in which medical researchers have more commonly taken a quantitative approach to the motivations that are thought to underpin exercise. Our core argument is that studies concerned with how particular environments are inhabited by particular groups of exercisers could play a more central part in public health promotion...
May 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498227/mechanisms-and-treatments-for-shoulder-injuries-in-overhead-throwing-athletes
#14
Jason L Zaremski, Joseph G Wasser, Heather K Vincent
Shoulder injuries in overhead throwing athletes are very common. Throwing volume and mechanical forces that are placed on the glenohumeral joint and associated soft tissue structures are contributors. Poor biomechanics and weak links in the kinetic chain place this athletic population at increased risk for shoulder injuries. Common biomechanical deficiencies in overhead throwing athletes typically involve poor sequential timing of muscle activity and insufficient coordination also presented in shoulder elevation and other functional tasks...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480849/impact-of-internet-gambling-on-mental-and-psychological-health-of-children-of-various-ages
#15
M Khundadze, N Geladze, N Kapanadze
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of internet gambling on children's mental and physical health and find correlation between the age, duration of internet use and type of comorbidity associated with internet gambling. The study assessed 50 patients with internet gambling (35 boys, 15 girls) from 2013-2016 y. The age range was 3-15 years. 15 patients were from 3-7 y of age, 20 patients from 7-12 y and 15 - from 12-15 y of age. The core problem common for all patients were internet overuse by computer games, mobile device and other gadgets...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476362/editorial-commentary-core-muscle-injuries-or-athletic-pubalgia-finally-the-real-sausage-not-just-the-same-ole-baloney
#16
EDITORIAL
William C Meyers
In their paper "Prevalence of Surgical Repair for Athletic Pubalgia and Impact on Performance in Football Athletes Participating in the National Football League Combine," Knapik et al. cut through the baloney in the literature on "sports hernia" and apply new eyes to the impact of the results of core muscle surgery on young elite athletes trying out for the National Football League (NFL). They found that the players who had surgery did just as well as all the others in and following NFL Combines. Even the players with presumptively residual, MRI findings did well...
May 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473995/concussion-management-plan-compliance-a-study-of-ncaa-power-5-conference-schools
#17
Thomas A Buckley, Christine M Baugh, William P Meehan, Melissa S DiFabio
BACKGROUND: In response to concerns over concussions and repeated head impacts that occur during sports, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) mandated that all member institutions enact a concussion management plan (CMP). Although institutional and health care provider self-reports have been investigated, compliance with NCAA protocol recommendations has not been examined. PURPOSE: To examine the CMPs from the 65 institutions within the NCAA Power 5 conferences for compliance with the NCAA 2015 concussion guidelines...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451696/incidence-aetiology-and-injury-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-stockholm-sweden-a-prospective-population-based-update
#18
Conran Joseph, Nina Andersson, Sapko Bjelak, Kajsa Giesecke, Claes Hultling, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Julie Phillips, Åke Seiger, Vasilios Stenimahitis, Katarzyna Trok, Elisabet Åkesson, Kerstin Wahman
OBJECTIVES: To update the incidence rate, aetiology and injury characteristics of acutely-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury in Stockholm, Sweden, using international standards of reporting. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, (regional) population-based observation. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine consecutively enrolled individuals. METHODS: A surveillance system of newly-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury was implemented for an 18-month period...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441059/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-training-based-on-the-neuromuscular-risk-profile
#19
Timothy E Hewett, Kevin R Ford, Yingying Y Xu, Jane Khoury, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: The effects of targeted neuromuscular training (TNMT) on movement biomechanics associated with the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are currently unknown. Purpose/Hypotheses: To determine the effectiveness of TNMT specifically designed to increase trunk control and hip strength. The hypotheses were that (1) TNMT would decrease biomechanical and neuromuscular factors related to an increased ACL injury risk and (2) TNMT would decrease these biomechanical and neuromuscular factors to a greater extent in athletes identified as being at a high risk for future ACL injuries...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414722/re-visiting-the-tympanic-membrane-vicinity-as-core-body-temperature-measurement-site
#20
REVIEW
Wui Keat Yeoh, Jason Kai Wei Lee, Hsueh Yee Lim, Chee Wee Gan, Wenyu Liang, Kok Kiong Tan
Core body temperature (CBT) is an important and commonly used indicator of human health and endurance performance. A rise in baseline CBT can be attributed to an onset of flu, infection or even thermoregulatory failure when it becomes excessive. Sites which have been used for measurement of CBT include the pulmonary artery, the esophagus, the rectum and the tympanic membrane. Among them, the tympanic membrane is an attractive measurement site for CBT due to its unobtrusive nature and ease of measurement facilitated, especially when continuous CBT measurements are needed for monitoring such as during military, occupational and sporting settings...
2017: PloS One
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