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core sports

Ben Schram, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Jared J Murray, Colleen M Renier, Jenny J Ahern, Barbara A Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To document neuromuscular training (NMT) availability and its relationship to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in 4 major high school sports by gender, sport, and rural/urban geography, with the hypothesis that increased exposure to NMT would be associated with fewer ACL injuries. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: All Minnesota high schools identified in the Minnesota State High School League (MSHSL) database for fall 2014 boys' football and soccer, and girls' volleyball and soccer...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Dimitrios Challoumas, Antonio Stavrou, Georgios Dimitrakakis
In volleyball, the dominant shoulder of the athlete undergoes biomechanical and morphological adaptations; however, definitive conclusions about their exact nature, aetiology, purpose and associations with shoulder injury have not been reached. We present a systematic review of the existing literature describing biomechanical adaptations in the dominant shoulders of volleyball players and factors that may predispose to shoulder pain/injury. A thorough literature search via Medline, EMBASE and SCOPUS was conducted for original studies of volleyball players and 15 eligible articles were identified...
September 23, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
Tracy Burrows, Simon K Harries, Rebecca L Williams, Cheryl Lum, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to comprehensively assess the dietary intakes and diet quality of a sample of Australian competitive adolescent rugby union players and compare these intakes with National and Sports Dietitians Association (SDA) Recommendations for adolescent athletes. A secondary aim investigated applying different physical activity level (PAL) coefficients to determine total energy expenditure (TEE) in order to more effectively evaluate the adequacy of energy intakes...
2016: Nutrients
Jennifer Zdroik, Philip Veliz
BACKGROUND: School districts in the United States are turning towards new sources of revenue to maintain their interscholastic sports programs. One common revenue generating policy is the implementation of participation fees, also known as pay-to-play. One concern of the growing trend of participation fees is how it impacts student participation opportunities. This study looks at how pay-to-play fees are impacting participation opportunities and participation rates in the state of Michigan...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
F Balck, S Kirschner, C Jeszenszky, M Lippmann, K-P Günther
Background: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most successful operations in medicine. The clinical result after surgery and compliance during rehabilitation are influenced by the patient's expectations. There is a lack of a validated German instrument to record these expectations in a standardised manner. Patients: 193 patients from the Dresden Hip Register with osteoarthritis of the hip were surveyed with respect to their expectations before the operation. The study sample consists of 108 women and 85 men...
September 9, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Jeffrey A Belair, Tarek M Hegazi, Johannes B Roedl, Adam C Zoga, Imran M Omar
The core, or central musculoskeletal system of the torso, is essential for participating in sports and other physical activities. Core injuries are commonly encountered in athletes and active individuals. The importance of the midline pubic plate and rectus abdominis-adductor aponeurosis for core stability and function is discussed in the literature. This review article examines other important core injuries remote from the pubic symphysis, relevant clinical features, and preferred approaches to imaging. Several specific syndromes encountered in the core are reviewed...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
Christine M McDonough, Eva Stoiber, Ivan M Tomek, Pengsheng Ni, Young-Jo Kim, Feng Tian, Alan M Jette
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Computer adaptive testing (CAT) methods may allow detection of change across the continuum of osteoarthritis (OA) care. Objective To evaluate the sensitivity to change of a self-report OA CAT instrument (OA-CAT) following surgery. Methods Core measures consisted of the 5-item OA-CAT function, pain, and disability scales; the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC); the University of California at Los Angeles activity rating scale; and the Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), which were administered in 3 samples...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
July 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
Reginald O'Hara, Christopher Vojta, Amy Henry, Lydia Caldwell, Molly Wade, Stacie Swanton, Jon K Linderman, Jason Ordway
INTRODUCTION: Heat-related illness is a critical factor for military personnel operating in hyperthermic environments. Heat illness can alter cognitive and physical performance during sustained operations missions. Therefore, the primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of a novel cooling shirt on core body temperature in highly trained US Air Force personnel. METHODS: Twelve trained (at least 80th percentile for aerobic fitness according to the American College of Sports Medicine, at least 90% on the US Air Force fitness test), male Air Force participants (mean values: age, 25 ± 2...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Emma A Nye, Jessica R Edler, Lindsey E Eberman, Kenneth E Games
UNLABELLED: Reference: Zhang Y, Davis JK, Casa DJ, Bishop PA. Optimizing cold water immersion for exercise-induced hyperthermia: a meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;47(11):2464-2472. Clinical Questions: Do optimal procedures exist for implementing cold-water immersion (CWI) that yields high cooling rates for hyperthermic individuals? DATA SOURCES: One reviewer performed a literature search using PubMed and Web of Science. Search phrases were cold water immersion, forearm immersion, ice bath, ice water immersion, immersion, AND cooling...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson, Jón Karlsson, Martin Hägglund, Markus Waldén, Mats Börjesson
BACKGROUND: Most of the research in the area of psychosocial factors in rehabilitation after sports injuries has focused on risk behaviors, while relatively few studies have focused on behaviors that facilitate rehabilitation. The objective of our study was to understand the psychosocial features that characterize elite female football players who express a resilient behaviour during rehabilitation after a first-time anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. METHODS: A qualitative method was used based on individual in-person interviews and video communication of players who incurred a first-time ACL tear during the 2012 season of the Swedish Women's Elite Football League...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
David Barbado, Luis C Barbado, Jose L L Elvira, Jaap H van Dieën, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
Trunk/core stability is considered a key component of training programs, because it could contribute to prevention of low-back and lower-limb injuries and to sports performance. Based on the specificity principle, sports-related trunk stability tests would be required in elite sports performance. However, there may be some generic qualities underlying trunk stability that can be assessed with nonspecific protocols, which are broadly used in sport and rehabilitation. To assess whether specific tests are needed in a high-performance context, we analyzed the influence of specialization in sports with large but qualitatively different balance control demands (judo and kayaking) on trunk stability and compared high-performance athletes with recreational athletes without a specific training history...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar, Yasemin Çirak, Murat Dalkilinç, Yasemin Parlak Demir, Gul Baltaci, Mahmut Kömürcü, Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar
BACKGROUND: Postural control allows performance of daily and sports activities. The previous studies show that postural sway inceases in orthopaedic injuries such as osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To compare postural sway, risk of falling and function between individuals with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFS). METHODS: This study included 22 subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome, age-matched pain-free 22 females serving as a control group...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Izzuddin Aziz, Fong Wei Chai, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. OBJECTIVE: To report the successful rehabilitation and the training progress of an elite high performance martial art exponent after selective thoracic fusion for AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) will result in loss of spinal flexibility. The process of rehabilitation following posterior spinal fusion for AIS remains controversial and there are few reports of return to elite sports performance following posterior spinal fusion for AIS...
July 1, 2016: Spine
Rebecca Metcalfe, Rebecca R Acquah, Janine Simpson, Gwendolyn Allardice, Andrew Winter
Background: Large sporting events have raised concerns about the effect on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of visiting and resident populations to the host city and increased demand on SRH services. However, there is little evidence to support these concerns. The aim of this study is to investigate if the 2014 XX Commonwealth Games had an effect on the service demands of a Glasgow city-wide integrated SRH service. Methods: Electronic patient records, city-wide pharmacy data and case note review was used to assess aspects of SRH; this included overall attendance at integrated services, clinic and community emergency contraception prescriptions, victims of sexual assault, acute sexually transmissible infections (STIs), post exposure prophylaxis after sexual exposure (PEPSE) prescriptions, condom distribution and termination of pregnancy...
July 4, 2016: Sexual Health
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has stimulated increased research attention in recent years-being deployed in physical education, sport participation, and the promotion of physical activity. Independent research groups currently operationalize the construct differently. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to conduct a systematic review of the physical literacy construct, as reflected in contemporary research literature. METHODS: Five databases were searched using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines for systematic reviews...
June 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
Neal R Glaviano, Susan Saliba
Patellofemoral pain is a common knee pathology that affects a wide range of active individuals. These individuals often seek medical care, with 25% of all patients seen in sports medicine clinics being treated for patellofemoral pain. While conservative treatment produce beneficial short-term results, individuals with patellofemoral pain often have long-term pain and decreased quality of life for many years following their diagnosis. One of the challenges for treating this chronic condition is the heterogeneous presentation of impairments across patients, ranging from soft tissue restriction, muscle weakness, altered movement patterns during functional tasks, and weak core stability...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Osama Ragaa Abdelraouf, Amr Almaz Abdel-Aziem
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and sports can be associated with low back pain. However, little is known about the relationship between core stability and nonspecific low back pain (LBP) among athletes. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between core endurance and back dysfunction in collegiate male athletes with and without nonspecific LBP. METHODS: Fifty-five male collegiate athletes from a variety of sports were recruited for this study...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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