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Paul Harradine, Lucy Gates, Catherine Bowen
The use of subtalar joint neutral (STJN) in the assessment and treatment of foot-related musculoskeletal symptomology is common in daily practice and still widely taught. The main pioneer of this theory was Dr Merton L. Root, and it has been labeled with a variety of names: "the foot morphology theory," "the subtalar joint neutral theory," or simply "Rootian theory" or "Root model." The theory's core concepts still underpin a common approach to musculoskeletal assessment of the foot, as well as the consequent design of foot orthoses...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Selina Khoo, Chunxiao Li, Payam Ansari
Despite increasing publications in disability sport, no bibliometric analysis has been conducted to evaluate the impact of these publications. We conducted a systematic search of the Web of Science Core Collection citation index on June 26, 2017 for publications published since 1980 to identify the top 50 most cited publications in disability sport. The top 50 cited publications were mainly articles and reviews published in the English language between 1993 and 2014. Most of the 148 authors who contributed to these publications were based in Europe and North America...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Terrance A Sgroi, John M Zajac
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Throwing places high demands on the human body, and specific characteristics are developed over time unique to these athletes. When returning to throw after injury, it is important to follow a criterion-based progression that allows the body to be prepared appropriately for the stresses that throwing will require. There is currently a void in the literature for criteria-based progression that helps these athletes return to the highest level of play. RECENT FINDINGS: As injury rates continue to rise in baseball, there is increased evidence showing contributions of the core and lower extremity to the baseball pitch...
March 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Jingzhen Yang, Corinne Peek-Asa, James M Noble, James Torner, Paul Schmidt, Martha L Cooper
BACKGROUND: Universities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data collected with the core CDEs recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)...
February 12, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
Alexander E Poor, Johannes B Roedl, Adam C Zoga, William C Meyers
Lower abdominal and groin injuries are among the most common causes of pain and lost playing time in sports. Perhaps the most important obstacle in understanding these injuries is the lack of consensus on nomenclature. There have been numerous advances in recent years in the understanding, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of these injuries. The purpose of this review is to provide a general perspective on the current understanding of these injuries and a summary of recent advances.
February 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Jessica R Fairbairn, Kellie C Huxel Bliven
Clinical Scenario: Until recently, injury epidemiology data on elite Paralympic athletes was limited. Current data suggests high rates of shoulder injury in wheelchair athletes. Differences in shoulder injury rates between sports have not been reported in this population. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is the incidence of shoulder injury in elite wheelchair athletes different between sports? Summary of Key Findings: Shoulder injury rates are high in elite wheelchair athletes, particularly in sports such as field events and fencing that require a stable base (eg, trunk, core control) from which to perform...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Massimiliano Ditroilo, Rory O'Sullivan, Brian Harnan, Aislinn Crossey, Beth Gillmor, William Dardis, Adam Grainger
This study examined trunk muscle activation, balance and proprioception while squatting with a water-filled training tube (WT) and a traditional barbell (BB), with either closed (CE) or open eyes (OE). Eighteen male elite Gaelic footballers performed an isometric squat under the following conditions: BB-OE, BB-CE, WT-OE and WT-CE. The activity of rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO) and multifidus (MF) was measured using electromyography, along with sway of the centre of pressure (CoP) using a force platform...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Tameka McFadyen, Luke Wolfenden, Melanie Kingsland, Jennifer Tindall, Bosco Rowland, Shauna Sherker, Karen Gillham, Rachael Heaton, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Christophe Lecathelinais, Daisy Brooke, John Wiggers
INTRODUCTION: Community-based interventions have been found to effectively increase the implementation of alcohol management practices and reduce excessive alcohol use and alcohol-related harm at sports clubs. However, once implementation support ceases there may be a reduction in such intervention effects. Thus, ongoing contribution to improving the health of the community is diminished; sustaining practice implementation is a key determinant to address this. One possible solution to the strategic and logistical challenges of sustainability involves the use of the web...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Anthony J Scillia, Todd P Pierce, Erica Simone, Richard C Novak, Benton A Emblom
One cause of groin pain in highly active patients may be a core muscle injury, commonly referred to as sports hernia. When patients fail nonoperative management, there are a number of surgical options that may be pursued. Typically, they will involve the direct repair of the rectus abdominis back to the pubis. However, we believe that this repair can be further strengthened by the appropriate lengthening of the adductor longus from the conjoined tendon. Therefore, we present a surgical technique that involves both rectus abdominis repair and adductor longus lengthening in those who show a core muscle injury that is refractory to conservative management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To review functional and clinical outcomes as well as complications in patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair using 4-strand core suture configuration via a 6-portal technique. METHODS: A retrospective chart review with prospectively collected data was performed in 23 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopically assisted percutaneous Achilles tendon repair between 2008 and 2015. The minimum follow-up to be included in the study was 24 months...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Zahari Taha, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Anwar P P Abdul Majeed, Muhammad Muaz Alim, Mohamad Razali Abdullah
Support Vector Machine (SVM) has been shown to be an effective learning algorithm for classification and prediction. However, the application of SVM for prediction and classification in specific sport has rarely been used to quantify/discriminate low and high-performance athletes. The present study classified and predicted high and low-potential archers from a set of fitness and motor ability variables trained on different SVMs kernel algorithms. 50 youth archers with the mean age and standard deviation of 17...
December 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
Huimin Zhang, Xuehong Ma, Chao Jiang, Rongxing Shi
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impacts of acupoint catgut embedding therapy on postpartum weight retention. METHODS: Seventy-one women of postpartum weight retention were divided into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (36 cases) according to their own wishes when re-examination in 42 days after delivery. In the control group, the nutrition consultation was provided and the calories intake was controlled continuously for 20 weeks. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group, the acupoint embedding therapy was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Guilai (ST 29), Shuifen (CV 9), Shousanli (LI 10), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Yinlingquan (SP 9)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Emily E Cust, Nathan Elsworthy, Sam Robertson
Differences in training loads (TL) between under 18 (U18) Australian Rules football (AF) State Academy selected and non-selected players were investigated. Players were categorised relating to their highest representative level; State Academy selected (n = 9) and TAC Cup level players (n = 38). Data were obtained from an online training-monitoring tool implemented to collect player training and match information across a 20 - week period during the regular season. Parameters modelled included AF skills, strength, and other sport training sessions...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
James MacDonald, Neha Patel, Julie Young, Emily Stuart
OBJECTIVE: To determine which data collected on an initial patient clinic visit for a sports-related concussion (SRC) might influence physicians to clear an adolescent to return to drive (RTD) after injury. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 189 adolescents with a SRC referred to a hospital-based concussion clinic between June 1, 2015, and May 31, 2016. Subjects were ≥16 years with a valid driver's license (median age = 16, IQR [16, 17]). Concussion evaluations included Post-Concussion Symptom Scale, modified Balance Error Scoring System, and postinjury computerized neurocognitive testing (CNT)...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Michael Schmidt, Roman Obermaisser
Today's architectures for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) must cope with a variety of challenges like flawless sensor integration and time synchronization (e.g. for sensor data fusion) while abstracting from the underlying technologies at the same time. Furthermore, an architecture for AAL must be capable to manage distributed application scenarios in order to support elderly people in all situations of their everyday life. This encompasses not just life at home but in particular the mobility of elderly people (e...
November 6, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
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