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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922089/the-jolly-fat-effect-in-middle-aged-korean-women
#1
Gyeyoon Yim, Younjhin Ahn, Juhee Cho, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu, Joong-Yeon Lim, Hyun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that depression and obesity are bi-directionally associated, and when overweight people appear to show a lower risk of depression, this supports the "Jolly Fat" hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the "Jolly Fat" hypothesis in middle-aged women in Korea, by different perceived stress levels. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 44 to 56 aged Korean women (n = 2201) who underwent a health check-up program at the healthcare centers of Kangbuk Samsung Hospital (Seoul and Suwon centers) in Korea...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918170/lifestyle-predictors-of-obese-and-non-obese-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Joo Hee Kwak, Dae Won Jun, Seung Min Lee, Yong Kyun Cho, Kang Nyeong Lee, Hang Lak Lee, Oh Young Lee, Ho Soon Choi, Byung Chul Yoon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are obese, and they usually eat more while being less physically active as compared to healthy individuals. However, little is known about the lifestyle patterns of non-obese or obese patients with NAFLD. The aim of this study was to investigate nutrition components and behavioral differences between non-obese and obese patients with NAFLD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study comprising of 209 patients...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913554/reliability-of-size-and-echo-intensity-of-abdominal-skeletal-muscles-using-extended-field-of-view-ultrasound-imaging
#3
Noriko I Tanaka, Madoka Ogawa, Akito Yoshiko, Ryosuke Ando, Hiroshi Akima
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the reliability of extended field-of-view (EFOV) ultrasound imaging to evaluate the cross-sectional area (CSA) and echo intensity of abdominal skeletal muscles. METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy young males (age 18.6 ± 1.0 years, body mass index 20.9 ± 2.8 kg/m(2), waist circumference 75.0 ± 7.9 cm, body fat 16.6 ± 5.9%) visited the laboratory on 2 days. EFOV ultrasound images of the rectus abdominis, abdominal oblique, and erector spinae muscles were acquired at the height of the third lumbar vertebra with the subject lying on a bed...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912305/effects-of-liraglutide-on-weight-loss-fat-distribution-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-obese-subjects-with-prediabetes-or-early-type-2-diabetes
#4
Francesca Santilli, Paola G Simeone, Maria T Guagnano, Marika Leo, Marica T Maccarone, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Cristina Sborgia, Riccardo C Bonadonna, Ermanno Angelucci, Virginia Federico, Stefano Cianfarani, Lamberto Manzoli, Giovanni Davì, Armando Tartaro, Agostino Consoli
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications. The risk depends significantly on adipose tissue distribution. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 analog, is associated with weight loss, improved glycemic control, and reduced cardiovascular risk. We determined whether an equal degree of weight loss by liraglutide or lifestyle changes has a different impact on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in obese subjects with prediabetes or early type 2 diabetes...
September 14, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910398/body-composition-and-prediction-equations-using-skinfold-thickness-for-body-fat-percentage-in-southern-brazilian-adolescents
#5
Wagner Luis Ripka, Leandra Ulbricht, Pedro Miguel Gewehr
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to: a) determine the nutritional status of Brazilian adolescents, and; b) present a skinfold thickness model (ST) to estimate body fat developed with Brazilian samples, using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as reference method. METHODS: The main study group was composed of 374 adolescents, and further 42 adolescents for the validation group. Weight, height, waist circumference measurements, and body mass index (BMI) were collected, as well as nine ST-biceps (BI), triceps (TR), chest (CH), axillary (AX) subscapularis (SB), abdominal (AB), suprailiac (SI), medial thigh (TH), calf (CF), and fat percentage (%BF) obtained by DXA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910301/prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-obesity-related-risk-factors-in-southern-china
#6
Lihua Hu, Xiao Huang, Chunjiao You, Juxiang Li, Kui Hong, Ping Li, Yanqing Wu, Qinhua Wu, Zengwu Wang, Runlin Gao, Huihui Bao, Xiaoshu Cheng
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity and obesity-related risk factors in southern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 15,364 participants aged 15 years and older was conducted from November 2013 to August 2014 in Jiangxi Province, China, using questionnaire forms and physical measurements. The physical measurements included body height, weight, waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BFP) and visceral adipose index (VAI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906401/transabdominal-ultrasonography-of-the-pancreas-is-superior-to-that-of-the-liver-for-detection-of-ectopic-fat-deposits-resulting-from-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Shilin Li, Liyang Su, Guorong Lv, Weihong Zhao, Jianhui Chen
The aim of our study was to investigate the rate of nonalcoholic fatty pancreas disease (NAFPD) in the south China province of Fujian and its relationship to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic parameters.NAFPD is frequently identified on transabdominal ultrasound examination. The incidence of NAFPD varies from 16% to 69.7% depending on the country.A total of 256 subjects were recruited. Each was assessed by abdominal sonography to diagnose NAFLD and NAFPD. The ages, sexes, heights, weights, blood pressure, and detection of peripheral blood biochemical indices (cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL], and glucose) were recorded...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906398/abdominal-fat-distribution-measured-using-computed-tomography-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-men
#8
Il-Kook Seo, Beom Jin Kim, Bomin Kim, Chang Hwan Choi, Jeong Wook Kim, Jae Gyu Kim, Se Kyung Chang, Hyun Kang
A few studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the association between the visceral fat proportion and colorectal adenomas. We aimed to investigate the association between abdominal fat distribution measured by computed tomography (CT) and colon adenoma.A total of 336 participants underwent physical examination, blood tests, colonoscopy, and abdominal computed tomography at Chung-Ang University Hospital. The associations between the obesity indicies (body mass index, visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), VFA-to-SFA ratio (VFA/SFA), and colorectal adenomas were evaluated...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905661/genetic-parameters-for-the-prediction-of-abdominal-fat-traits-using-blood-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers
#9
H L Zhang, Z Q Xu, L L Yang, Y X Wang, Y M Li, J Q Dong, X Y Zhang, X Y Jiang, X F Jiang, H Li, D X Zhang, H Zhang
1. Excessive deposition of body fat, especially abdominal fat, is detrimental in chickens and the prevention of excessive fat accumulation is an important problem. The aim of this study was to identify blood biochemical indicators that could be used as criteria to select lean Yellow-feathered chicken lines. 2. Levels of blood biochemical indicators in the fed and fasted states and the abdominal fat traits were measured in 332 Guangxi Yellow chickens. In the fed state, the genetic correlations (rg) of triglycerides and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels were positive for the abdominal fat traits (0...
September 14, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898677/difference-in-dachsous-levels-between-migrating-cells-coordinates-the-direction-of-collective-cell-migration
#10
Masaki Arata, Kaoru Sugimura, Tadashi Uemura
In contrast to extracellular chemotactic gradients, how cell-adhesion molecules contribute to directing cell migration remains more elusive. Here we studied the collective migration of Drosophila larval epidermal cells (LECs) along the anterior-posterior axis and propose a migrating cell group-autonomous mechanism in which an atypical cadherin Dachsous (Ds) plays a pivotal role. In each abdominal segment, the amount of Ds in each LEC varied along the axis of migration (Ds imbalance), which polarized Ds localization at cell boundaries...
September 11, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894666/optimizing-aesthetic-outcomes-in-delayed-breast-reconstruction
#11
Wojciech Dec
BACKGROUND: The need to restore both the missing breast volume and breast surface area makes achieving excellent aesthetic outcomes in delayed breast reconstruction especially challenging. Autologous breast reconstruction can be used to achieve both goals. The aim of this study was to identify surgical maneuvers that can optimize aesthetic outcomes in delayed breast reconstruction. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of operative and clinical records of all patients who underwent unilateral or bilateral delayed breast reconstruction with autologous tissue between April 2014 and January 2017...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894286/intermittent-hypoxia-induced-insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-alterations-in-white-fat-distribution
#12
Laureline Poulain, Hervé Mathieu, Amandine Thomas, Anne-Laure Borel, Chantal Remy, Patrick Levy, Claire Arnaud, Maurice Dematteis
Sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by repetitive upper airway collapses during night leading to intermittent hypoxia (IH). The latter is responsible for metabolic disturbances that rely, at least in part, on abdominal white fat inflammation. Besides qualitative alterations, we hypothesized that IH could also modify body fat distribution, a key factor for metabolic complications. C57BL6 mice exposed to IH (21-5% FiO2, 60 s cycle, 8 h/day) or air for 6 weeks were investigated for topographic fat alterations (whole-body MRI)...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892239/impact-of-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-lipid-profile-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#13
Krystyna Gawlik, Anna Zwierzchowska, Diana Celebańska
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed overweight, obesity and lipid profiles in adults with intellectual disability and compared these metrics with their physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Basic somatic parameters, lipid profile and weekly physical activity were examined in 27 adults with moderate intellectual disability. Chi-square independence tests and Pearson's linear correlation coefficients were used. RESULTS: The participants had excess body mass, excess body fat and abdominal obesity...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891956/panax-ginseng-leaf-extracts-exert-anti-obesity-effects-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#14
Seul-Gi Lee, Yoon-Jeong Lee, Myeong-Hwan Jang, Tae-Ryong Kwon, Ju-Ock Nam
Recent studies have reported that the aerial parts of ginseng contain various saponins, which have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-obesity properties similar to those of ginseng root. However, the leaf extracts of Korean ginseng have not yet been investigated. In this study, we demonstrate the anti-obesity effects of green leaf and dried leaf extracts (GL and DL, respectively) of ginseng in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. The administration of GL and DL to HFD-induced obese rats significantly decreased body weight (by 96...
September 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887259/morphometric-assessment-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-older-vascular-surgery-patients
#15
Mohammed M Chowdhury, Graeme K Ambler, Naail Al Zuhir, Alex Walker, Ellie R Atkins, Andrew Winterbottom, Patrick A Coughlin
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is a recognised predictor of poor outcome in patients undergoing surgical intervention. Frailty is intricately linked with body morphology, which can be evaluated using morphometric assessment via computerised tomographic (CT) imaging. We aimed to assess the predictive power of such objective assessments in a broad cohort of vascular surgical patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of patients aged over 65 years admitted to a vascular unit, who had undergone CT imaging of the abdomen, were analysed...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886723/pancreatic-injury-in-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Fayza Haider, Mohammed Amin Al Awadhi, Eizat Abrar, Mooza Al Dossari, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Hakima Al Hashimi, Sharif Al Arayedh
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Blunt trauma to the abdomen accounts for the majority of abdominal injuries in children. Pancreatic injury, although uncommon (2 to 9%), is the fourth most common solid organ injury. Unlike other solid organ injuries, pancreatic trauma may be subtle and difficult to diagnose. Computed tomography currently is the imaging modality of choice. As the incidence of pancreatic injury in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma is low, management remains a challenge...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884861/use-of-idxa-spine-scans-to-evaluate-total-and-visceral-abdominal-fat
#17
J W Bea, C-H Hsu, R M Blew, A P Irving, B J Caan, M L Kwan, I Abraham, S B Going
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal fat may be a better predictor than body mass index (BMI) for risk of metabolically-related diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers. We sought to validate the percent fat reported on dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) regional spine scans (spine fat fraction, SFF) against abdominal fat obtained from total body scans using the iDXA machine (General Electric, Madison, WI), as previously done on the Prodigy model. METHODS: Total body scans and regional spine scans were completed on the same day (N = 50)...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883542/longitudinal-micro-ultrasound-assessment-of-the-ob-ob-mouse-model-evaluation-of-cardiovascular-renal-and-hepatic-parameters
#18
N Di Lascio, C Kusmic, F Stea, F Lenzarini, C Barsanti, A Leloup, F Faita
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is reaching epidemic proportions and is associated with increased risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Leptin-deficient mice (ob/ob) are widely employed to investigate obesity. Aim of this study was to provide a micro-ultrasound (μUS) longitudinal evaluation of the ob/ob mouse model in terms of cardiovascular effects, consequences for renal microcirculation and liver fat accumulation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen wild-type (wt) and eleven ob/ob male mice were studied at 8 (T0) and 25 (T1) weeks of age with a μUS system (Vevo2100) and B-mode and Doppler images were acquired...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882021/sarcopenia-predicts-prognosis-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-hepatocellular-carcinoma-independent-of-tumor-stage-and-liver-function
#19
Yeonjung Ha, Daejung Kim, Seungbong Han, Young Eun Chon, Yun Bin Lee, Mi Na Kim, Joo Ho Lee, Hana Park, Kyu Sung Rim, Seong Gyu Hwang
Purpose: To demonstrate the prognostic significance of changes in body composition in patients with newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods: Patients (N=178) newly diagnosed with HCC participated in the study between 2007 and 2012. Areas of skeletal muscle and abdominal fat were directly measured using a three-dimensional workstation. Cox proportional-hazards modes were used to estimate the effect of baseline variables on overall survival...
September 4, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879834/prospective-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-body-composition-changes-in-european-children-the-idefics-study
#20
Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Gabriele Eiben, Antje Hebestreit, Yannis A Kourides, Eva Kovacs, Nathalie Michels, Valeria Pala, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Tomas Veidebaum, Luis A Moreno, Claudia Börnhorst
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary patterns by applying cluster analysis and to describe the cluster memberships of European children over time and their association with body composition changes. DESIGN: The analyses included k-means clustering based on the similarities between the relative frequencies of consumption of forty-three food items and regression models were fitted to assess the association between dietary patterns and body composition changes. SETTING: Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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