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Mourning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420657/a-neural-basis-for-password-based-species-recognition-in-an-avian-brood-parasite
#1
Kathleen S Lynch, Annmarie Gaglio, Elizabeth Tyler, Joseph Coculo, Matthew I M Louder, Mark E Hauber
Obligate avian brood parasites are raised by heterospecific hosts and therefore, lack critical early exposure to relatives and other conspecifics. Yet, young brood parasites readily recognize and affiliate with others of their own species upon independence. One solution to this social recognition paradox is the ontogenetic password mechanism utilized by obligate parasitic brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater), whereby conspecific identification is initially mediated through the cowbird chatter, a non-learned vocal cue...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363806/novel-role-of-insulin-in-the-regulation-of-glucose-excretion-by-mourning-doves-zenaida-macroura
#2
Karen L Sweazea, Eldon J Braun, Richard Sparr
In mammals, insulin primarily lowers plasma glucose (PGlu) by increasing its uptake into tissues. Studies have also shown that insulin lowers PGlu in mammals by modulating glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Birds have naturally high PGlu and, although insulin administration significantly decreases glucose concentrations, birds are resistant to insulin-mediated glucose uptake into tissues. Since prior work has not examined the effects of insulin on GFR in birds, the purpose of the present study was to assess whether insulin can augment renal glucose excretion and thereby lower PGlu...
February 20, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341784/should-us-doctors-mourn-for-obamacare
#3
Adam Gaffney, Zackary D Berger, Saurabh Jha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338631/death-of-an-ex-spouse-lessons-in-family-communication-about-disenfranchised-grief
#4
Jillian A Tullis
The death of a loved one is an emotional-laden experience, and while grief and mourning rituals are less formal today in many communities, there remain some social norms for individuals to process loss. The death of an ex-family member, such as a former spouse, is more complicated and expectations for how to respond are fraught with uncertainty. While grief has been studied and is primarily understood as an individual cognitive process, scholars in sociology and communication are considering the ways in which grief and mourning are social and take place in dialogue with others...
March 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331743/psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-problems-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Filiz İzci, Ahmet Serkan İlgün, Ebru Fındıklı, Vahit Özmen
Cancer is a physical disease and also one of the leading clinical manifestations where psychosocial problems are prevalent. Psychosocial problems that these patients may have in the long run include anxiety, uneasiness, mourning, helplessness, fatigue, impairment of concentration, sleep disorders, mental and cognitive reservation, sexual dysfunction, infertility, psychological distress, and psychiatric disorders. Psychosocial problems have a nature of underpinning the emergence of psychological troubles. The prevalence of psychological disorders in patients with cancer range from 29% to 47%...
July 2016: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322821/genetics-of-the-hypoxia-inducible-factors-in-human-cancers
#6
Keiji Tanimoto
Professor Lorenz Poellinger (Karolinska Institute/Cancer Science Institute of Singapore) passed away in March 2016. Then hypoxic research field lost a noble and unique researcher when he died, since he had contributed very much to this field in a variety of aspects. We had been collaborating on a various research projects of genomic analyses of HIF-signaling pathway for a long time, and recently reported several interesting results with HIF-α genes (HIF1A, EPAS1 and HIF3A). Genomics/Genetics is a still growing field, with new technologies appearing often, and many groups have performed extensive genomic/genetic analyses...
March 17, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321862/identification-obstacle-to-individuation-or-on-how-to-become-me
#7
Alessandra Cavalli
This paper will explore the use of identification with aspects of a lost object as a defensive strategy to cope with traumatic loss, and will show how in the depth of the analytic work this identification can be accessed and made conscious. Descriptions of work with a three-year-old boy illustrate how the sudden loss of his mother's breasts had made weaning un-accessible to him, and how, in the absence of a good experience of separation, the process of mourning had not been able to take place. Instead, identification with aspects of the lost breast was used as a defence against pain, and this state of affairs was proving a hindrance to individuation...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229487/the-mourning-process-of-older-people-with-dementia-who-lost-their-spouse
#8
Akiko Watanabe, Sayuri Suwa
AIMS: To explore the mourning process of people with dementia who have lost their spouse, using family caregivers' and professionals' perspectives and to devise grief care for people with dementia. BACKGROUND: There have been studies on the loss of one's spouse; however, little is known about widows and widowers with dementia as they may find it hard to tell their perception and feelings to others accurately because of cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156087/mourning-the-loss-of-dr-akio-kawamura
#9
Kazutaka Kukita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139178/the-right-to-mourn-in-dementia-to-tell-or-not-to-tell-when-someone-dies-in-dementia-day-care
#10
Rakel Berenbaum, Chariklia Tziraki, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
People with dementia (PwD) attending dementia day care often experience the death of others. Little research exists regarding whether PwD should be informed of the death, and if so, how? In this qualitative research, the authors explored, through semistructured interviews, the beliefs and practices of 52 staff members of adult day centers for PwD about these issues. Themes that emerged are that many staff members feel their clients have emotional capacity to mourn, despite their cognitive impairments. There are many different ways to tell PwD about the death of others...
January 31, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126057/depressive-symptomatology-and-grief-in-spanish-women-who-have-suffered-a-perinatal-loss
#11
Isabel Ridaura, Eva Penelo, Rosa M Raich
BACKGROUND: Perinatal grief differs from other types of mourning. Two goals were set: to describe the progression of the process of grief and the symptoms of depression throughout the year following perinatal loss, and to study its association with socio-economic and obstetric factors. METHOD: The study involved the participation of 70 women who had suffered a medical termination of pregnancy or a prenatal/postnatal death. Three assessments were made after the loss (after 1 month, 6 months and 1 year) with the Perinatal Grief Scale (PGS) to assess grief and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for depressive symptomatology...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077011/mourning-and-grief-on-facebook
#12
Erin Willis, Patrick Ferrucci
Facebook not only changed the way we communicate but also the way we mourn and express grief. The social networking site allows users to interact with deceased users' walls after death. This study utilized textual analysis to categorize Facebook posts ( N = 122) on 30 deceased users' walls according to uses and gratifications theory. Most posts were found to be motivated by entertainment, followed by integration and social interaction. Facebook users posted memories, condolences, and interacted with friends and family members in the deceased user's network...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059935/a-determined-woman-anxiety-unresolved-mourning-and-capacity-assessment-in-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#13
Osarumen Nicole Doghor, Florina Haimovici, Donna Mathias, Deborah Knudson-Gonzalez, Cathryn Freid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039595/the-sexual-adjustment-process-of-cancer-patients-and-their-partners-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#14
Charlotte Benoot, Marlies Saelaert, Karin Hannes, Johan Bilsen
When confronted with cancer, a prominent challenge for patients and their partners is their changed sexual relationship. An empirically based theoretical model of the sexual adaptation process during cancer might be helpful in guiding the development of adequate interventions for couples who struggle with their sexual relationship. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to synthesize evidence from primary qualitative research studies and to arrive at a detailed description of the process of sexual adjustment during cancer...
December 30, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024674/acknowledging-sexual-bereavement-a-path-out-of-disenfranchised-grief
#15
Alice Radosh, Linda Simkin
Despite increasing awareness of the importance of sexuality for older adults, research and popular literature rarely acknowledge what we term "sexual bereavement" - mourning the loss of sexual intimacy when predeceased. The reluctance to acknowledge sexual bereavement may create "disenfranchised grief" leaving the bereaved unsupported in coping with this aspect of mourning. This preliminary study focuses on women in the United States and sought to determine whether they anticipate missing sex if predeceased, whether they would want to talk about this loss, and identified factors associated with communicating about sexual bereavement...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996983/-complicated-grief-in-dsm-5-era
#16
Claudia Carmassi, Ciro Conversano, Marialisa Pinori, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Liliana Dell'Osso
An increasing number of data has been recently focused on recognizing pathological grief reactions and on the distinction from physiological processes. Particularly, several studies have supported Complicated Grief (CG) as an independent disorder, in order to define the failure of spontaneous physiological mourning resolution. Upon these studies, the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) with the name of "Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder". This article aims at retracing the history of clinical research about the physiological and psychopathological processes related to grief and aims at presenting the main scientific studies that have described the features of the CG defining it as a distinct disorder...
November 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966795/the-so-called-death-drive-an-indispensable-force-for-any-subjective-life
#17
Bernard Penot
The psychoanalytic movement has difficulty in overcoming the malaise bequeathed by what Freud wanted to call the 'death drive'. This term remains doubly problematic: first because the indispensable antagonist of Eros-binding cannot be reduced to a particular drive; and secondly because this Anteros plays a vital role in subjectivization. The Freudian idea of the 'death drive' has in addition the drawback of confusing dissociative thrust (unbinding) with the aggressive component of libidinal cathexis. Now it is precisely the lack of articulation between them that leads to deconstructing it...
April 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911113/a-tribute-to-professor-steven-l-wechsler-1948-2016-the-man-and-the-scientist
#18
Anthony B Nesburn, Lbachir BenMohamed
Professor Steven L. Wechsler, a world-renowned eye researcher and virologist, passed away unexpectedly on June 12, 2016 at the age of 68. Many scientists came to know Professor Wechsler as a gifted researcher in the field of ocular Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1) latency, reactivation, and pathogenesis. Professor Wechsler published over 150 peer-reviewed scientific papers during his career, pushing forward the frontiers of his field eye research. His colleagues would say, 'Steve literally wrote the book on herpes latency and reactivation...
January 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905964/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#19
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893346/the-preoedipal-and-oedipal-structure-of-termination-an-in-depth-case-study
#20
Trevor Lubbe
Much has been written about the Oedipus complex as a central organizing focus for the understanding of early developmental attainments as well as for the structuring of the personality, but nowhere are triangular forces more vitally active, clinically, than in the termination phase. The decision to end, once agreed upon, typically sets in motion a symmetrical process in which two dynamics occur concurrently. First, what drives the termination is a mourning process in which the primary task is to relinquish the analyst as a transference object and to establish the analyst as an internal object...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
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