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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911113/a-tribute-to-professor-steven-l-wechsler-1948-2016-the-man-and-the-scientist
#1
Anthony B Nesburn, Lbachir BenMohamed
Professor Steven L. Wechsler, a world-renowned eye researcher and virologist, passed away unexpectedly on June 12, 2016 at the age of 68. Many scientists came to know Professor Wechsler as a gifted researcher in the field of ocular Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1) latency, reactivation, and pathogenesis. Professor Wechsler published over 150 peer-reviewed scientific papers during his career, pushing forward the frontiers of his field eye research. His colleagues would say, 'Steve literally wrote the book on herpes latency and reactivation...
December 2, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905964/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#2
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893346/the-preoedipal-and-oedipal-structure-of-termination-an-in-depth-case-study
#3
Trevor Lubbe
Much has been written about the Oedipus complex as a central organizing focus for the understanding of early developmental attainments as well as for the structuring of the personality, but nowhere are triangular forces more vitally active, clinically, than in the termination phase. The decision to end, once agreed upon, typically sets in motion a symmetrical process in which two dynamics occur concurrently. First, what drives the termination is a mourning process in which the primary task is to relinquish the analyst as a transference object and to establish the analyst as an internal object...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875650/military-genitourinary-trauma-policies-implications-and-ethics
#4
Wendy K Dean, Arthur L Caplan, Brendan Parent
The men and women who serve in the armed forces, in the words of Major General Joseph Caravalho, "sign a blank check, co-signed by their families, payable to the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marines, up to and including their lives." It is human nature to consider such a pact in polarized terms; the pact concludes in either a celebratory homecoming or funereal mourning. But in reality, surviving catastrophic injury may incur the greatest debt. The small but real possibility of losing the ability to bear biological children due to genitourinary combat injury has been a topic of discussion in hushed tones, behind closed doors...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862655/mourning-dr-alfred-g-knudson-the-two-hit-hypothesis-tumor-suppressor-genes-and-the-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#5
REVIEW
Okio Hino, Toshiyuki Kobayashi
On July 10, 2016, Alfred G. Knudson, Jr., MD, PhD, a leader in cancer research, died at the age of 93 years. We deeply mourn his loss. Knudson's two-hit hypothesis, published in 1971, has been fundamental for understanding tumor suppressor genes and familial tumor-predisposing syndromes. To understand the molecular mechanism of two-hit-initiated tumorigenesis, Knudson utilized an animal model of a dominantly inherited tumor, the Eker rat. From the molecular identification of Tsc2 germline mutations, the Eker rat became a model for tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a familial tumor-predisposing syndrome...
November 11, 2016: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845805/older-adult-transitions-into-long-term-care-a-meta-synthesis
#6
Gail J Sullivan, Christine Williams
As older adults age, they often experience health changes that require the need for long-term care (LTC). Transition to LTC can be stressful and lead to a further decline in health. The purpose of the current meta-synthesis was to provide an appraisal of older adults' transition experiences to LTC. This systemic appraisal included current qualitative research on these experiences, with analysis of the data guided by the middle range theory of transition. Three amalgamated themes were identified: (a) painful loss that requires a mourning process, (b) seeking stability through gaining autonomy to sustain a new sense of self, and (c) acceptance when a unique inner balance is reached...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833459/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#7
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783781/fatherhood-experiences-of-fathers-of-boys-diagnosed-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#8
Silvana Aparecida de Lucca, Eucia Beatriz Lopes Petean
This study's aim was to understand the experience of being the father of a boy diagnosed with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). Eight fathers of 10-year-old or older boys diagnosed with DMD, living in RibeirãoPreto and surrounding cities participated in the study. Interviews included a semi-structured script and data were analyzed according to thematic content analysis. The results show that the confirmation of a DMD diagnosis shocked fathers and was mixed with sorrow, helplessness and hopelessness. Most fathers considered the illness of their child to be a mission sent by God, which helps to alleviate the pain and anguish caused by the disease...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739073/narratives-of-self-neglect-patterns-of-traumatic-personal-experiences-and-maladaptive-behaviors-in-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#9
Cynthia Lien, Tony Rosen, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Robert C Abrams, Maria Pavlou, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of personal experience or behavior in self-neglect by exploring narratives of cognitively intact older adults. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving semistructured interviews and unstructured narratives. SETTING: A parent study of self-neglect characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively intact, self-neglecting older adults referred from 11 community-based senior services agencies (N = 69)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628536/human-trafficking-in-nepal-post-earthquake-risk-and-response
#10
Bishal Gyawali, June Keeling, Per Kallestrup
As Nepal mourns the 1-year commemoration of the April 2015 earthquake and its aftershocks that killed more than 8500 people and left thousands injured and displaced, other more hidden repercussions of the resultant chaotic environment need attention: the increased risk of human trafficking. Considering that natural disasters provide a milieu for this illicit trade, there is a need for a robust response from stakeholders such as donors, civil society organizations, and government organizations against human trafficking following disasters such as the Nepal earthquake...
September 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593516/-homophobia-hurts-mourning-as-resistance-to-violence-in-south-africa
#11
Julie Moreau
Much has been written on the successful lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex movement in South Africa, and the resulting institutionalization of sexual minority rights. Comparatively less has been written about the forms of activism undertaken specifically by Black lesbians that are not oriented toward legal change. In this article, I assert the need to examine public demonstrations of mourning as an act of Black lesbian resistance to violence in South Africa. Based on in-depth interviews with members of Free Gender, a Black lesbian organization, I argue that members' conceptualizations of mourning as providing community support force a reconsideration of what it means to be human...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573086/supporting-the-grieving-child-and-family
#12
David J Schonfeld, Thomas Demaria
The death of someone close to a child often has a profound and lifelong effect on the child and results in a range of both short- and long-term reactions. Pediatricians, within a patient-centered medical home, are in an excellent position to provide anticipatory guidance to caregivers and to offer assistance and support to children and families who are grieving. This clinical report offers practical suggestions on how to talk with grieving children to help them better understand what has happened and its implications and to address any misinformation, misinterpretations, or misconceptions...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530176/yanof-%C3%A2-judith-a-l-i-e-an-adolescent-s-rocky-road-to-mourning-international-journal-of-psychoanalysis-2015-96-4-1169-81
#13
REVIEW
Raymond Buscemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507761/contextualizing-afghan-refugee-views-of-depression-through-narratives-of-trauma-resettlement-stress-and-coping
#14
Qais Alemi, Sigrid James, Susanne Montgomery
This qualitative study explored how Afghan refugees conceptualize frames of mind that may reflect depression in general and as it relates to trauma they experienced. We performed in-depth interviews with 18 Afghans residing in the San Diego area. Views regarding the causes, symptoms, and perceived treatments of depression were gathered through free-listing techniques, and supplemented with narratives relating to pre- and post-resettlement stressors and coping mechanisms. Data were analyzed with standard qualitative content analysis methods...
October 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500172/parental-needs-in-infant-s-end-of-life-and-bereavement-in-nicu-a-qualitative-study
#15
Marzieh Hasanpour, Narges Sadeghi, Mohammad Heidarzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Newborn death is an unexpected outcome for parents. Parents face with several needs in infant end-of-life. The health care team is responsible for meet these needs. This qualitative study aim was to explore of parental needs in infant end-of-life and bereavement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this qualitative study, 24 single semi-structure interviews were done. A qualitative content analysis method was used. Sampling conducted on purposeful with maximum variation in five Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) environments in Isfahan city...
2016: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490824/on-sublimation
#16
Giuseppe Civitarese
Although it encapsulates the Freudian theory of art, the theory of sublimation has become outmoded. What is more, since its inception there has always been something ill-defined about it. Does it use sexualized or de-sexualized drive energy? Is it a defence or an alternative to defence? Does it serve Eros or Thanatos? Is it useful in clinical work or is it unusable? The only, albeit uncertain, aid to a definition relies on the extrinsic criterion of concrete artistic realization. My aim here to revisit and possibly 'reinvent' sublimation in the light of certain principles of the pre-Romantic aesthetics of the sublime...
August 4, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445008/high-glucose-impairs-acetylcholine-mediated-vasodilation-in-isolated-arteries-from-mourning-doves-z-macroura
#17
Catherine L Jarrett, Zoha Ahmed, James J Faust, Karen L Sweazea
Normal avian plasma glucose levels are 1.5-2 times greater than mammals of similar size. In mammals, hyperglycemia induces oxidative stress and impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Prior work has shown that mourning doves have high levels of antioxidants and isolated vessels have low endogenous oxidative stress. Therefore, the hypothesis was that endothelium-dependent vasodilation of isolated avian arteries would not be impaired following acute exposure to high glucose. Isolated small resistance cranial tibial arteries (c...
November 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436714/poetics-in-the-shadow-of-the-other-s-language-the-melancholic-discourse-of-the-trilingual-poet-amelia-rosselli
#18
Pina Antinucci
In this paper, I propose a psychoanalytic reading of some of the writings of Amelia Rosselli, a trilingual poet who, at the age of seven, lost her father Carlo, who was persecuted and murdered by Mussolini's regime. History and her history conflate into personal and collective trauma which defies human possibilities to work through and mourn. Rosselli's work testifies to such predicament of the human subject of the 20th century, his/her dislocation, alienation and internal irreconcilable divisions. In particular I examine Diary in three tongues, which is the most autobiographical of her works and a self-analytic piece, written after the conclusion of her second analysis...
July 20, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376593/-whenever-they-cry-i-cry-with-them-reciprocal-relationships-and-the-role-of-ethics-in-a-verbal-autopsy-study-in-papua-new-guinea
#19
H N Gouda, A Kelly-Hanku, L Wilson, S Maraga, I D Riley
Verbal autopsy (VA) methods usually involve an interview with a recently bereaved individual to ascertain the most probable cause of death when a person dies outside of a hospital and/or did not receive a reliable death certificate. A number of concerns have arisen around the ethical and social implications of the use of these methods. In this paper we examine these concerns, looking specifically at the cultural factors surrounding death and mourning in Papua New Guinea, and the potential for VA interviews to cause emotional distress in both the bereaved respondent and the VA fieldworker...
August 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349850/anticipatory-mourning-a-complex-social-phenomenon-quickly-generalised
#20
LETTER
Emilie Allard, Alain Legault, Christine Genest
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
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