keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transcriptome, plant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340266/rna-seq-based-transcriptome-and-the-reproduction-related-genes-for-the-aphid-schlechtendalia-chinensis-hemiptera-aphididae
#1
P Liu, Z X Yang, X M Chen, P Yang
Chinese galls form on sumac plants (Rhus chinensis) and are used for medicinal and chemical purposes, due to their richness in tannins. The galls are formed by aphids, the most prominent of which is Schlechtendalia chinensis, which forms horn-shaped galls on the winged rachis of R. chinensis. S. chinensis has a complex life cycle, including both R. chinensis and certain mosses as hosts, as well as the existence of both sexual and asexual reproduction (cyclical parthenogenesis). Previous studies have shown that the alternate occurrence of sexual and asexual reproduction relies on many environmental factors, such as temperature, photoperiod, and host-plant...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338870/stmyb44-negatively-regulates-phosphate-transport-by-suppressing-expression-of-phosphate1-in-potato
#2
Xiangjun Zhou, Manrong Zha, Jing Huang, Li Li, Muhammad Imran, Cankui Zhang
Phosphorus is an important macronutrient for plant growth, but often deficient in soil. To understand the molecular basis of the complex responses of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to phosphate (Pi) deficiency stress, the RNA-Seq approach was taken to identify genes responding to Pi starvation in potato roots. A total of 359 differentially expressed genes were identified, among which the Solanum tuberosum transcription factor gene MYB44 (StMYB44) was found to be down-regulated by Pi starvation. StMYB44 was ubiquitously expressed in potato tissues and organs, and StMYB44 protein was exclusively localized in the nucleus...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338719/the-legume-mir1514a-modulates-a-nac-transcription-factor-transcript-to-trigger-phasirna-formation-in-response-to-drought
#3
Guadalupe Sosa-Valencia, Miguel Palomar, Alejandra A Covarrubias, José L Reyes
Recent studies have identified microRNAs as post-transcriptional regulators involved in stress responses. miR1514a is a legume microRNA that is induced in response to drought stress in Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean) and shows differential accumulation levels in roots during water deficit in two cultivars with different drought tolerance phenotypes. A recent degradome analysis revealed that miR1514a targets the transcripts of two NAC transcription factors (TFs), Phvul.010g121000 and Phvul.010g120700. Furthermore, expression studies and small RNA-seq data indicate that only Phvul...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337762/molecular-interaction-between-pho2-and-gi-in-rice
#4
Shuai Li, Yinghui Ying, David Secco, Chuang Wang, Reena Narsai, James Whelan, Huixia Shou
Plants are often confronted to nutrient limiting conditions, such as inorganic phosphate (Pi) deficiency, resulting in a reduction in growth and yield. PHO2, encoding a ubiquitin-conjugating E2 enzyme, is a central component of the Pi-starvation response signaling pathway. A yeast-two-hybrid screen using Oryza sativa (rice) PHO2 as bait, revealed an interaction between OsPHO2 and OsGIGANTEA, a key regulator of flowering time, which was confirmed using bimolecular flourescenec complementation (BiFC). Characterization of rice Osgi and Ospho2 mutants revealed that they displayed several similar phenotypic features supporting a physiological role for this interaction...
March 24, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336949/induction-of-apoptosis-and-ganoderic-acid-biosynthesis-by-camp-signaling-in-ganoderma-lucidum
#5
Bang-Jau You, Ni Tien, Miin-Huey Lee, Bo-Ying Bao, Yih-Shyuan Wu, Tsung-Chi Hu, Hong-Zin Lee
Apoptosis is an essential physiological process that controls many important biological functions. However, apoptosis signaling in relation to secondary metabolite biosynthesis in plants and fungi remains a mystery. The fungus Ganoderma lucidum is a popular herbal medicine worldwide, but the biosynthetic regulation of its active ingredients (ganoderic acids, GAs) is poorly understood. We investigated the role of 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling in fungal apoptosis and GA biosynthesis in G...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335741/high-throughput-sequencing-of-pituitary-and-hypothalamic-microrna-transcriptome-associated-with-high-rate-of-egg-production
#6
Nan Wu, Qing Zhu, Binlong Chen, Jian Gao, Zhongxian Xu, Diyan Li
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs exist widely in viruses, plants and animals. As endogenous small non-coding RNAs, miRNAs regulate a variety of biological processes. Tissue miRNA expression studies have discovered numerous functions for miRNAs in various tissues of chicken, but the regulation of miRNAs in chicken pituitary and hypothalamic development related to high and low egg-laying performance has remained unclear. RESULTS: In this study, using high-throughput sequencing technology, we sequenced two tissues (pituitary and hypothalamus) in 3 high- and 3 low-rate egg production Luhua chickens at the age of 300 days...
March 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334389/profiling-diuraphis-noxia-hemiptera-aphididae-transcript-expression-of-the-biotypes-sa1-and-sam-feeding-on-various-triticum-aestivum-varieties
#7
N F V Burger, E Venter, A-M Botha
The intimate relationship between an aphid and its host is mediated by the composition of the secreted saliva. In the present study, aphid heads were sampled and transcript profiling conducted after aphids were fed on their preference host and transferred to a variety of preference and nonpreference hosts. It was found that the virulent Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) biotype SAM was able to selectively up-regulate more transcripts when confronted with feeding on a variety of hosts, than was the case with the less virulent D...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334204/transcriptomic-and-histological-responses-of-african-rice-oryza-glaberrima-to-meloidogyne-graminicola-provide-new-insights-into-root-knot-nematode-resistance-in-monocots
#8
Anne-Sophie Petitot, Tina Kyndt, Rana Haidar, Alexis Dereeper, Myriam Collin, Janice de Almeida Engler, Godelieve Gheysen, Diana Fernandez
Background and Aims: The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola is responsible for production losses in rice ( Oryza sativa ) in Asia and Latin America. The accession TOG5681 of African rice, O. glaberrima , presents improved resistance to several biotic and abiotic factors, including nematodes. The aim of this study was to assess the cytological and molecular mechanisms underlying nematode resistance in this accession. Methods: Penetration and development in M...
February 28, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334129/transcriptional-responses-of-detoxification-genes-to-four-plant-allelochemicals-in-aphis-gossypii
#9
Fen Li, Kang-Sheng Ma, Ping-Zhuo Liang, Xue-Wei Chen, Ying Liu, Xi-Wu Gao
Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) can damage a variety of agricultural crops, so it is very important for cotton aphids to evolve adaptive mechanisms to various allelochemicals from host plants. Our results aim to provide a fundamental and rich resource for exploring aphid functional genes in A. gossypii. A transcriptome data set and five expression profile data sets of A. gossypii samples were analyzed by Illumina sequencing platform. In total, 53,763,866 reads were assembled into 1,963,516 contigs and 28,555 unigenes...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332713/the-mitochondrial-pentatricopeptide-repeat-protein-ppr19-is-involved-in-the-stabilization-of-nadh-dehydrogenase-1-transcripts-and-is-crucial-for-mitochondrial-function-and-arabidopsis-thaliana-development
#10
Kwanuk Lee, Ji Hoon Han, Youn-Il Park, Catherine Colas des Francs-Small, Ian Small, Hunseung Kang
Despite the importance of pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins in organellar RNA metabolism and plant development, the functions of many PPR proteins remain unknown. Here, we determined the role of a mitochondrial PPR protein (At1g52620) comprising 19 PPR motifs, thus named PPR19, in Arabidopsis thaliana. The ppr19 mutant displayed abnormal seed development, reduced seed yield, delayed seed germination, and retarded growth, indicating that PPR19 is indispensable for normal growth and development of Arabidopsis thaliana...
March 23, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331183/differential-expression-of-chemosensory-protein-genes-in-midguts-in-response-to-diet-of-spodoptera-litura
#11
Xin Yi, Jiangwei Qi, Xiaofan Zhou, Mei Ying Hu, Guo Hua Zhong
While it has been well characterized that chemosensory receptors in guts of mammals have great influence on food preference, much remains elusive in insects. Insect chemosensory proteins (CSPs) are soluble proteins that could deliver chemicals to olfactory and gustatory receptors. Recent studies have identified a number of CSPs expressed in midgut in Lepidoptera insects, which started to reveal their roles in chemical recognition and stimulating appetite in midgut. In this study, we examined expression patterns in midgut of 21 Spodoptera litura CSPs (SlitCSPs) characterized from a previously reported transcriptome, and three CSPs were identified to be expressed highly in midgut...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331096/comprehensive-transcriptome-analyses-reveal-that-potato-spindle-tuber-viroid-triggers-genome-wide-changes-in-alternative-splicing-inducible-trans-acting-activity-of-phasirnas-and-immune-responses
#12
Yi Zheng, Ying Wang, Biao Ding, Zhangjun Fei
Many pathogens express non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) during infection processes. In the most extreme case, pathogenic ncRNAs alone (such as viroids) can infect eukaryotic organisms leading to diseases. While a few of pathogenic ncRNAs have been implicated in regulating gene expression, functions of most pathogenic ncRNAs in host-pathogen interactions remain unclear. Here we employ potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd)-infecting tomato as a system to dissect host interactions with pathogenic ncRNAs, using comprehensive transcriptome analyses...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330559/dge-seq-analysis-of-mur3-related-arabidopsis-mutants-provides-insight-into-how-dysfunctional-xyloglucan-affects-cell-elongation
#13
Zongchang Xu, Meng Wang, Dachuan Shi, Gongke Zhou, Tiantian Niu, Michael G Hahn, Malcolm A O'Neill, Yingzhen Kong
Our previous study of the Arabidopsis mur3-3 mutant and mutant plants in which the mur3-3 phenotypes are suppressed (xxt2mur3-3, xxt5mur3-3, xxt1xxt2mur3-3 and 35Spro:XLT2:mur3-3) showed that hypocotyl cell elongation is decreased in plants that synthesize galactose-deficient xyloglucan. To obtain genome-wide insight into the transcriptome changes and regulatory networks that may be involved in this decreased elongation, we performed digital gene expression analyses of the etiolated hypocotyls of wild type (WT), mur3-3 and the four suppressor lines...
May 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330552/ectopic-expression-of-taoep16-2-5b-a-wheat-plastid-outer-envelope-protein-gene-enhances-heat-and-drought-stress-tolerance-in-transgenic-arabidopsis-plants
#14
Xinshan Zang, Xiaoli Geng, Kelu Liu, Fei Wang, Zhenshan Liu, Liyuan Zhang, Yue Zhao, Xuejun Tian, Zhaorong Hu, Yingyin Yao, Zhongfu Ni, Mingming Xin, Qixin Sun, Huiru Peng
Abiotic stresses, such as heat and drought, are major environmental factors restricting crop productivity and quality worldwide. A plastid outer envelope protein gene, TaOEP16-2, was identified from our previous transcriptome analysis [1,2]. In this study, the isolation and functional characterization of the TaOEP16-2 gene was reported. Three homoeologous sequences of TaOEP16-2 were isolated from hexaploid wheat, which were localized on the chromosomes 5A, 5B and 5D, respectively. These three homoeologues exhibited different expression patterns under heat stress conditions, TaOEP16-2-5B was the dominant one, and TaOEP16-2-5B was selected for further analysis...
May 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330322/de-novo-transcriptome-sequencing-in-monsonia-burkeana-revealed-putative-genes-for-key-metabolic-pathways-involved-in-tea-quality-and-medicinal-value
#15
Adugna A Woldesemayat, Khayalethu Ntushelo, David M Modise
Monsonia (Monsonia burkeana Planch. ex Harv) is one of the most valuable tea and traditional medicinal plants used in Southern Africa. In spite of this, there is no sequence information regarding this plant in literature. To provide understanding of the naturally occurring tea and drug-specific products and the key pathways for the biosynthesis of these molecules, we sequenced the leaf transcriptome using Illumina MiSeq platform and generated 2,590,652 paired-end reads that were assembled de novo into 45,450 high-quality transcripts...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330224/transcriptome-wide-mining-suggests-conglomerate-of-genes-associated-with-tuberous-root-growth-and-development-in-aconitum-heterophyllum-wall
#16
Nikhil Malhotra, Hemant Sood, Rajinder Singh Chauhan
Tuberous roots of Aconitum heterophyllum constitute storage organ for secondary metabolites, however, molecular components contributing to their formation are not known. The transcriptomes of A. heterophyllum were analyzed to identify possible genes associated with tuberous root development by taking clues from genes implicated in other plant species. Out of 18 genes, eight genes encoding GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase (GMPase), SHAGGY, Expansin, RING-box protein 1 (RBX1), SRF receptor kinase (SRF), β-amylase, ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) and Auxin responsive factor 2 (ARF2) showed higher transcript abundance in roots (13-171 folds) compared to shoots...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327966/de-novo-transcriptome-assemblies-of-four-xylem-sap-feeding-insects
#17
Erica E Tassone, Charles C Cowden, S J Castle
Background: Spittle bugs and sharpshooters are well-known xylem sap-feeding insects and vectors of the phytopathogenic bacterium Xylella fastidiosa (Wells), a causal agent of Pierce's disease of grapevines and other crop diseases. Specialized feeding on nutrient-deficient xylem sap is relatively rare among insect herbivores, and only limited genomic and transcriptomic information has been generated for xylem-sap feeders. To develop a more comprehensive understanding of biochemical adaptations and symbiotic relationships that support survival on a nutritionally austere dietary source, transcriptome assemblies for three sharpshooter species and one spittlebug species were produced...
February 24, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325847/specialized-diacylglycerol-acyltransferase-contributes-to-extreme-fatty-acid-content-of-cuphea-seed-oil
#18
Umidjon Iskandarov, Jillian E Silva, Hae Jin Kim, Mariette Andersson, Rebecca E Cahoon, Keithanne Mockaitis, Edgar B Cahoon
Seed oils of many Cuphea sp. contain >90% of medium-chain fatty acids, such as decanoic acid (10:0). These seed oils, which are among the most compositionally variant in the plant kingdom, arise from specialized fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes and specialized acyltransferases. These include lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases (LPAT) and diacylglycerol acyltransferases (DGAT) that are required for successive acylation of medium-chain fatty acids in the sn-2 and sn-3 positions of seed triacylglycerols (TAGs)...
March 21, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322296/de-novo-sequencing-and-comparative-analysis-of-leaf-transcriptomes-of-diverse-condensed-tannin-containing-lines-of-underutilized-psophocarpus-tetragonolobus-l-dc
#19
Vinayak Singh, Ridhi Goel, Veena Pande, Mehar Hasan Asif, Chandra Sekhar Mohanty
Condensed tannin (CT) or proanthocyanidin (PA) is a unique group of phenolic metabolite with high molecular weight with specific structure. It is reported that, the presence of high-CT in the legumes adversely affect the nutrients in the plant and impairs the digestibility upon consumption by animals. Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.) is one of the promising underutilized legume with high protein and oil-content. One of the reasons for its underutilization is due to the presence of CT. Transcriptome sequencing of leaves of two diverse CT-containing lines of P...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322023/caldicellulosiruptor-saccharolyticus-transcriptomes-reveal-consequences-of-chemical-pretreatment-and-genetic-modification-of-lignocellulose
#20
Sara E Blumer-Schuette, Jeffrey V Zurawski, Jonathan M Conway, Piyum Khatibi, Derrick L Lewis, Quanzi Li, Vincent L Chiang, Robert M Kelly
Recalcitrance of plant biomass is a major barrier for commercially feasible cellulosic biofuel production. Chemical and enzymatic assays have been developed to measure recalcitrance and carbohydrate composition; however, none of these assays can directly report which polysaccharides a candidate microbe will sense during growth on these substrates. Here, we propose using the transcriptomic response of the plant biomass-deconstructing microbe, Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus, as a direct measure of how suitable a sample of plant biomass may be for fermentation based on the bioavailability of polysaccharides...
March 20, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
53121
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"