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Medical student health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403659/immunizing-children
#1
Hannah C Espeleta, Lana O Beasley, Leigh E Ridings, Tyler J Smith, Jennifer D Shields
Vaccinations are considered one of public health's greatest accomplishments. Despite evidence for vaccine effectiveness, uptake levels are still well below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines. The immunization decision-making process for parents is complex and depends on factors associated with knowledge and experiences. This qualitative study sought to expand on a previous decision-making model for immunizations by examining how individuals receive vaccination information, determining the role of experience in influencing decisions, and understanding how young adults might locate vaccination information in the future...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#2
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394063/engaging-medical-students-in-health-policy-through-legislation
#3
Sylvia Peterson-Perry, Anne Mancini Buckmaster, Suzanne Funkhouser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359209/trained-cohorts-of-university-students-are-a-useful-resource-for-conducting-dietary-surveys-in-mongolia
#4
Sabri Bromage, Holly Ya-Fan Chung, Hannah Bonville, Jeannie Choi Sprenger, Rebecca Lander, Davaasambuu Ganmaa
BACKGROUND: Population-based dietary assessment is important for informing national nutrition policy. The developing country setting presents challenges for robust implementation of dietary surveys, yet effective nutrition interventions are often urgently required. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a low-cost approach to epidemiologic dietary assessment in Mongolia, involving the use of large cohorts of local public health and medical students as research assistants for collecting diet records...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357195/causes-of-variability-in-prevalence-rates-of-communicable-diseases-among-secondary-school-students-in-kisumu-county-kenya
#5
David Otieno Odongo, W J Wakhungu, Omuterema Stanley
PURPOSE: To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. METHODS: A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.'s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on coefficient of variation by school type. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical examination using standard procedures, and focus group discussion, and descriptive analysis was performed on the completed questions...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#6
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343713/workplace-violence-against-women-nurses-working-in-two-public-sector-hospitals-of-lahore-pakistan
#7
Sara Rizvi Jafree
BACKGROUND: Cultural and structural forces help sustain workplace violence (WPV) against feminized professions like nursing in Pakistan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and patterns of workplace violence (WPV) against women nurses (more than 95% of entire nursing population) in two hospitals of Pakistan. METHODS: A standardized international survey developed by the World Health Organization was used to collect cross-sectional data...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341291/attitudes-of-students-of-a-health-sciences-university-towards-the-extension-of-smoke-free-policies-at-the-university-campuses-of-barcelona-spain
#8
Cristina Martínez, Carlos Méndez, María Sánchez, José María Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes towards the extension of outdoor smoke-free areas on university campuses. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n=384) conducted using a questionnaire administered to medical and nursing students in Barcelona in 2014. Information was obtained pertaining to support for indoor and outdoor smoking bans on university campuses, and the importance of acting as role models. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine agreement. RESULTS: Most of the students agreed on the importance of health professionals and students as role models (74...
March 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#9
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323603/how-medicine-may-save-the-life-of-us-immigration-policy-from-clinical-and-educational-encounters-to-ethical-public-policy
#10
Mark G Kuczewski
Medicine has a conceptual contribution to make to the immigration debate. Our nation has been unable to move forward with meaningful immigration reform because many citizens seem to assume that immigrants are in the United States to access benefits to which they are not entitled. In contrast, when medicine encounters undocumented immigrants in the health care or medical education setting, it is obvious that their contributions to our health care system are denied by exclusionary laws. When the system is amended to be inclusive, immigrants become contributors to the systems that they access...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285565/what-makes-a-medical-school-socially-accountable-in-latin-america-a-report-from-a-latin-american-panel-based-on-a-qualitative-approach
#11
Klaus Püschel, Arnoldo Riquelme, Philippa Moore, Viviana Rojas, Andrés Perry, Jaime C Sapag
BACKGROUND: Latin America is a region with huge health inequalities and a tremendous growth in the number of medical schools during the last decades. The role of the medical schools in reducing health inequality has not been systematically explored. METHODS: A qualitative framework method was used to explore the meaning, barriers, and facilitators of the concept of the social accountability of medical schools in Latin America. Twenty nine Latin American academic leaders from seven countries participated in an expert panel discussion...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261558/awareness-attitude-and-use-of-tobacco-among-medical-students-in-chennai
#13
Ramkumar Boopathirajan, Logaraj Muthunarayanan
BACKGROUND: Health professionals have an important role to play in the fight against tobacco. As individuals, health professionals can help educate the population; as community members, they can support anti-smoking policies; and, at a societal level, they can influence national and global tobacco control efforts. The objectives of the study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use among medical students in Chennai and to measure the extent of attitude toward, behavior around and knowledge of tobacco use among medical students...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178727/applying-ethical-and-legal-principles-to-new-technology-the-university-of-auckland-faculty-of-medical-and-health-sciences-policy-taking-and-sharing-images-of-patients
#14
REVIEW
Monique Jonas, Phillipa Malpas, Kate Kersey, Alan Merry, Warwick Bagg
AIMS: To develop a policy governing the taking and sharing of photographic and radiological images by medical students. METHODS: The Rules of the Health Information Privacy Code 1994 and the Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers' Rights were applied to the taking, storing and sharing of photographic and radiological images by medical students. Stakeholders, including clinicians, medical students, lawyers at district health boards in the Auckland region, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner and the Health and Disability Commissioner were consulted and their recommendations incorporated...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166689/legal-complaints-about-midwives-and-the-impact-on-the-profession
#15
Akram Peyman, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Bandboni, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Midwives play an important role in maintaining and increasing women's health and well-being. Training professional midwives is one of the main policies of any healthcare system. Since the number of complaints against midwives has increased recently, this study was conducted to explore the perspectives of midwives regarding patients' complaint to authorities and their impacts on the profession of midwifery. METHODS: Being conducted in 2013, this qualitative study was the first of its type in Iran...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#16
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121686/at-a-crossroads-family-medicine-education-in-china
#17
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam
China is engaged in efforts to train 300,000 family doctors by 2020 to meet its population's health care needs. This Article discusses the family doctor shortage, compares family medicine training programs, examines the distributional challenges faced by these programs, and proposes directions for further experimentation. Despite an increasing number of family doctors, they represented only 5.6% of all doctors in 2013. Currently, three training programs run concurrently-the post-transfer training, residency training, and designated family medicine undergraduate education programs...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121649/borrow-or-serve-an-economic-analysis-of-options-for-financing-a-medical-school-education
#18
Mircea I Marcu, Arthur L Kellermann, Christine Hunter, Jerri Curtis, Charles Rice, Gail R Wilensky
PURPOSE: To understand the long-term economic implications of key pathways for financing a medical school education. METHOD: The authors calculated the net present value (NPV) of cash flow over a 30-year career for a 2013 matriculant associated with (1) self-financing, (2) federally guaranteed loans, (3) the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program, (4) the National Health Service Corps, (5) the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship Program, and (6) matriculation at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104997/poverty-related-diseases-prds-unravelling-complexities-in-disease-responses-in-cameroon
#19
Valerie Makoge, Harro Maat, Lenneke Vaandrager, Maria Koelen
BACKGROUND: In Cameroon, poverty-related diseases (PRDs) are a major public health concern. Research and policies addressing PRDs are based on a particular understanding of the interaction between poverty and disease, usually an association between poverty indicators and health indicators for a specific country or region. Such indicators are useful but fail to explain the nature of the linkages between poverty and disease or poverty and health. This paper presents results of a study among university students, unravelling how they perceive diseases, the linkages with poverty, their responses to diseases and the motivations behind reported responses...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103939/physician-migration-at-its-roots-a-study-on-the-emigration-preferences-and-plans-among-medical-students-in-romania
#20
Şoimita Mihaela Suciu, Codruta Alina Popescu, Mugur Daniel Ciumageanu, Anca Dana Buzoianu
BACKGROUND: Migration of healthcare workers is receiving increased attention worldwide. In Europe, the creation of a border-free labor market and its expansion with the EU enlargements of 2004, 2007, and 2013 endowed health professionals with the right to provide services and to relocate to another EU Member State. For the Romanian doctors, the EU-wide recognition of the medical degree obtained in Romania has created new opportunities, while inadequate working conditions and relatively low salaries pushed many of them to search for employment abroad...
January 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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