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Medical student health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895966/acceptability-of-service-targets-for-ict-based-healthcare
#1
Eun Min Jeon, Hwa Jeong Seo
OBJECTIVES: In order to adopt and activate telemedicine it is necessary to survey how medical staff, who are providers of medical service, and consumers, who are the service targets, perceive information and communication technology (ICT)-based healthcare service. METHODS: This study surveyed the awareness and acceptability of ICT-based healthcare by involving service targets, specifically workers and students living in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions who are consumers of healthcare service...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846242/understanding-health-workers-job-preferences-to-improve-rural-retention-in-timor-leste-findings-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#2
Marc-Francois Smitz, Sophie Witter, Christophe Lemiere, Patrick Hoang-Vu Eozenou, Tomas Lievens, Rashid U Zaman, Kay Engelhardt, Xiaohui Hou
BACKGROUND: Timor-Leste built its health workforce up from extremely low levels after its war of independence, with the assistance of Cuban training, but faces challenges as the first cohorts of doctors will shortly be freed from their contracts with government. Retaining doctors, nurses and midwives in remote areas requires a good understanding of health worker preferences. METHODS: The article reports on a discrete choice experiment (DCE) carried out amongst 441 health workers, including 173 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843857/attitude-of-would-be-medical-graduates-toward-rural-health-services-an-assessment-from-government-medical-colleges-in-chhattisgarh
#3
Meeta Jain, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Anil Kumar Gupta, Pritam Roy
BACKGROUND: Understanding the attitude toward rural health care among future medical graduates, the health workforce of the near future, is an important exercise. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to understand the attitude of third year MBBS students in a Government Medical College of Chhattisgarh toward rural health services. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 using a semi-open-ended questionnaire. The analysis was primarily descriptive, and nonparametric test of significance was used...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818848/an-examination-of-cultural-competence-training-in-us-medical-education-guided-by-the-tool-for-assessing-cultural-competence-training
#4
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Jordan B Hearod, Kim Tran, Keith C Norris, Dedra Buchwald
In the United States, medical students must demonstrate a standard level of "cultural competence," upon graduation. Cultural competence is most often defined as a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, organization, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. The Association of American Medical Colleges developed the Tool for Assessing Cultural Competence Training (TACCT) to assist schools in developing and evaluating cultural competence curricula to meet these requirements...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798007/volunteering-and-overseas-placements-in-the-nhs-a-survey-of-current-activity
#5
John Chatwin, Louise Ackers
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to establish current levels of overseas volunteering and placement activity across all staff grades within the National Health Service (NHS) in the North West of England. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. INSTRUMENT: Descriptive statistics. SETTING: 4 main regional hospitals in the North West of England, and additional NHS staff training events. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of NHS staff (n=911)...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780023/medical-schools-willingness-to-accommodate-medical-students-with-sensory-and-physical-disabilities-ethical-foundations-of-a-functional-challenge-to-organic-technical-standards
#6
Michael McKee, Ben Case, Maureen Fausone, Philip Zazove, Alicia Ouellette, Michael D Fetters
Students with sensory and physical disabilities are underrepresented in medical schools despite the availability of assistive technologies and accommodations. Unfortunately, many medical schools have adopted restrictive "organic" technical standards based on deficits rather than on the ability to do the work. Compelling ethical considerations of justice and beneficence should prompt change in this arena. Medical schools should instead embrace "functional" technical standards that permit accommodations for disabilities and update their admissions policies to promote applications from qualified students with disabilities...
October 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769205/addressing-medical-absenteeism-in-pre-vocational-secondary-students-effectiveness-of-a-public-health-intervention-using-a-quasi-experimental-design
#7
Yvonne T M Vanneste, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Ien A M van de Goor, Carin M C Rots-de Vries, Frans J M Feron
BACKGROUND: Students' health and school absenteeism affect educational level, with adverse effects on their future health. This interdependence is reflected in medical absenteeism. In the Netherlands, a public health intervention has been developed to address medical absenteeism in pre-vocational secondary education. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of this intervention on students' medical absenteeism, compared to "medical absenteeism policy as usual". METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with an intervention group (493 students) and a control group (445 students) was applied...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748248/implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#8
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
A wealth of scientific knowledge is being generated in sleep and circadian science. In order for us to realize the return on investment for such scientific knowledge and to improve the health of the nation, we need to disseminate and implement research findings into practice. An implementation gap - termed a "quality chasm" by the Institutes of Medicine - separates the scientific knowledge we possess and the implementation of such knowledge into preventative interventions or healthcare treatments. It is frequently reported that a time lag of 17 years transpires before medical research reaches clinical practice...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716155/specialty-preferences-among-final-year-medical-students-in-medical-schools-of-southeast-nigeria-need-for-career-guidance
#9
Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Kenechi Anderson Uwakwe, Uchenna Chidi Anyanwagu, Ntat Charles Ibiok, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Ngozi Ekeke
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings with low doctor-population ratio, there is need for equitable distribution of healthcare workforce. The specialty preferences of medical students determine the future composition of physician workforce hence its relevance in career guidance, healthcare planning and policy formulation. This study was aimed at determining the specialty preferences of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria, the gender differences in choice of specialty and the availability of career guidance to the students during the period of training...
October 4, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713624/evaluation-of-the-master-s-curriculum-for-elderly-nursing-a-qualitative-study
#10
Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Nasrin Navabi, Khatereh Seylani
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of health care and rehabilitation for the elderly is one of the most important priorities of the health care system. Given the importance of evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of any program after its implementation, this study was conducted to identify the advantages and weaknesses of a geriatric nursing program at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This was a qualitative study, and the study population comprised students, graduates, and professors of geriatric nursing at the Master of Science level...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658883/commentary-expectations-for-global-health-program-prioritization-from-a-selection-of-international-students-studying-at-a-european-university
#11
John Quinn, Vít Lidinský, Venu Rajaratnam, Marta Kruszcynski, Tomas Zeleny, Vladimir Bencko
BACKGROUND: Some university curricula struggle to present evidence-based promotion of global health principles and global health diplomacy within an undergraduate setting. The de facto global health paradigm has experienced significant stress and pressure from epidemics, war and violence, climate change and resource challenges. These stressors may lead to increased morbidity and mortality, in turn requiring medical professionals to play a larger role in global health action across borders...
2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648195/an-investigation-on-social-accountability-of-general-medicine-curriculum
#12
Ali Emadzadeh, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Sharareh Karimi
INTRODUCTION: Experts consider social accountability as a new paradigm in medical education and a cultural change that is necessary to be studied and understood more deeply. One of the problems of medical education is the inadequacy of medicine graduates to meet the social accountability. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the general medicine curriculum for social accountability. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on three groups of experts, faculty members, and general physicians working in health centers in Mashhad in 2014...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638987/joint-sogc-ccmg-opinion-for-reproductive-genetic-carrier-screening-an-update-for-all-canadian-providers-of-maternity-and-reproductive-healthcare-in-the-era-of-direct-to-consumer-testing
#13
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627631/holistic-review-in-medical-school-admissions-and-selection-a-strategic-mission-driven-response-to-shifting-societal-needs
#14
Sarah S Conrad, Amy N Addams, Geoffrey H Young
Medical schools and residency programs have always sought excellence in the areas of education, research, and clinical care. However, these pursuits are not accomplished within a vacuum-rather, they are continually and necessarily influenced by social, cultural, political, legal, and economic forces. Persistent demographic inequalities coupled with rapidly evolving biomedical research and a complex legal landscape heighten our collective awareness and emphasize the continued need to consider medicine's social contract when selecting, educating, and developing physicians and physician-scientists...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580433/value-added-clinical-systems-learning-roles-for-medical-students-that-transform-education-and-health-a-guide-for-building-partnerships-between-medical-schools-and-health-systems
#15
Jed D Gonzalo, Catherine Lucey, Terry Wolpaw, Anna Chang
To ensure physician readiness for practice and leadership in changing health systems, an emerging three-pillar framework for undergraduate medical education integrates the biomedical and clinical sciences with health systems science, which includes population health, health care policy, and interprofessional teamwork. However, the partnerships between medical schools and health systems that are commonplace today use health systems as a substrate for learning. Educators need to transform the relationship between medical schools and health systems...
August 30, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573469/one-health-parasites-and-beyond
#16
Damer P Blake, Martha Betson
The field of parasitism is broad, encompassing relationships between organisms where one benefits at the expense of another. Traditionally the discipline focuses on eukaryotes, with the study of bacteria and viruses complementary but distinct. Nonetheless, parasites vary in size and complexity from single celled protozoa, to enormous plants like those in the genus Rafflesia. Lifecycles range from obligate intracellular to extensive exoparasitism. Examples of parasites include high-profile medical and zoonotic pathogens such as Plasmodium, veterinary pathogens of wild and captive animals and many of the agents which cause neglected tropical diseases, stretching to parasites which infect plants and other parasites (e...
August 30, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567288/a-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-non-medical-exemptions-from-vaccination-california-schools-before-and-after-sb277
#17
Paul L Delamater, Timothy F Leslie, Y Tony Yang
Childhood vaccination programs are considered one of the most beneficial public health programs in modern history. In the United States, the increasing use of non-medical exemptions (NMEs) from school entry vaccination requirements has garnered attention and scrutiny in the popular press, academic literature, and policy forums. In 2016, California law SB277 goes into effect, eliminating the NME option for students attending the state's public and private schools. Whereas SB277 is a strong move to increase vaccination coverage within California's schools, the new law contains an important caveat - students already having a valid NME (obtained prior to the 2016 school year) are "grandfathered" in until their next grade checkpoint (seventh grade)...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565709/building-blocks-for-social-accountability-a-conceptual-framework-to-guide-medical-schools
#18
Robyn Preston, Sarah Larkins, Judy Taylor, Jenni Judd
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a conceptual framework developed from empirical evidence, to guide medical schools aspiring towards greater social accountability. METHODS: Using a multiple case study approach, seventy-five staff, students, health sector representatives and community members, associated with four medical schools, participated in semi-structured interviews. Two schools were in Australia and two were in the Philippines. These schools were selected because they were aspiring to be socially accountable...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556673/how-can-physicians-educate-patients-about-health-care-policy-issues
#19
Paul R Gordon
Complicated health care policy decisions are generally made by elected officials. The officials making these complicated decisions are elected by the people, and citizens' participation in the voting process is one of the basic tenets of democracy. Voters in the United States, who are also patients in the health care system, receive enormous amounts of information throughout election cycles. This information is generally delivered in sound bites often intended to elicit an emotional reaction rather than simply inform...
October 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549655/implementing-a-centralized-institutional-peer-tutoring-program
#20
Natalie White Gaughf, Penni Smith Foster
BACKGROUND: Peer tutoring has been found to be beneficial to both students and peer tutors in health sciences education programs. This article describes the implementation of a centralized, institutional peer tutoring program at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, an academic health science center in the U.S. The Program: This multispecialty peer tutoring program paired students experiencing academic difficulties with peer tutors who showed prior academic success, professionalism and effective communication skills...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
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