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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573834/use-of-jamaican-sign-language-in-the-provision-of-dental-health-care
#1
K Cumberbatch, T Jones
The United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Jamaica 2012-2016 identifies as an outcome increased access to improved quality health and education services for socially excluded and at risk populations. The Deaf Jamaican population can be categorised as a socially excluded population. The communication barrier resulting from their deafness often leads to difficulties in accessing healthcare. The Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, implemented a programme aimed at overcoming this communication barrier and improving direct communication between Deaf patients and health professionals treating them...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545902/uptake-of-influenza-vaccination-awareness-and-its-associated-barriers-among-medical-students-of-a-university-hospital-in-central-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohammed S Abalkhail, Mohannad S Alzahrany, Khaled A Alghamdi, Muath A Alsoliman, Mosa A Alzahrani, Badr S Almosned, Ibrahim M Gosadi, Shabana Tharkar
Outbreaks of influenza epidemics are common but influenza vaccination is sub-optimal among the healthcare staff including the medical students. The study aims to assess the rate of vaccine uptake among medical students, its associated barriers and levels of awareness. A cross sectional study was done at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia on 421 medical students by self administered questionnaire from February to March 2015. The immunization rate of seasonal influenza vaccine was just 20.7% in 2015, while it was 57% for cumulative of previous three-year period...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538140/comparison-of-policies-for-recognising-and-responding-to-clinical-deterioration-across-five-victorian-health-services
#3
Julie Considine, Anastasia F Hutchison, Helen Rawson, Alison M Hutchinson, Tracey Bucknall, Trisha Dunning, Mari Botti, Maxine M Duke, Maryann Street
Objectives The aim of the present study was to describe and compare organisational guidance documents related to recognising and responding to clinical deterioration across five health services in Victoria, Australia.Methods Guidance documents were obtained from five health services, comprising 13 acute care hospitals, eight subacute care hospitals and approximately 5500 beds. Analysis was guided by a specific policy analysis framework and a priori themes.Results In all, 22 guidance documents and five graphic observation and response charts were reviewed...
May 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535380/development-of-an-international-comorbidity-education-framework
#4
C Lawson, S Pati, J Green, G Messina, A Strömberg, N Nante, D Golinelli, A Verzuri, S White, T Jaarsma, P Walsh, P Lonsdale, U T Kadam
CONTEXT: The increasing number of people living with multiple chronic conditions in addition to an index condition has become an international healthcare priority. Health education curricula have been developed alongside single condition frameworks in health service policy and practice and need redesigning to incorporate optimal management of multiple conditions. AIM: Our aims were to evaluate current teaching and learning about comorbidity care amongst the global population of healthcare students from different disciplines and to develop an International Comorbidity Education Framework (ICEF) for incorporating comorbidity concepts into health education...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#5
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#6
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474253/prevalence-and-burden-of-headache-disorders-in-lithuania-and-their-public-health-and-policy-implications-a-population-based-study-within-the-eurolight-project
#7
Daiva Rastenytė, Dalia Mickevičienė, Lars Jacob Stovner, Hallie Thomas, Colette Andrée, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The Eurolight project assessed the impact of headache disorders in ten EU countries, using the same structured questionnaire but varying sampling methods. In Lithuania, sample selection employed methods in line with consensus recommendations for population-based burden-of-headache studies. METHODS: The survey was cross-sectional. We identified, from the Residents' Register Service, a sample of inhabitants of Kaunas city and surrounding Kaunas region reflecting age (in the range 18-65 years), gender and rural/urban distributions of Lithuania...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463852/substance-use-among-nurses-and-nursing-students-a-joint-position-statement-of-the-emergency-nurses-association-and-the-international-nurses-society-on-addictions
#8
Stephen Strobbe, Melanie Crowley
Alcohol and other substance use by nurses potentially places patients, the public, and nurses themselves at risk for serious injury or death. Nursing students are also at risk for problems related to substance use. When viewed and treated as a chronic medical illness, treatment outcomes for substance use disorders are comparable with those of other diseases and can result in lasting benefits. Professional monitoring programs that employ an alternative-to-discipline approach have been shown to be effective in the treatment of health professionals with substance use disorders and are considered a standard for recovery, with high rates of completion and return to practice...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453120/physical-activity-in-a-rural-community-in-colombia
#9
Álvaro Mondragón-Cardona, Francisco J Bonilla-Escobar, Verónica Álzate-Carvajal, Johana C Rojas-Mirquez, Carlos E Jiménez-Canizales, Daniel Tobón-García, Francisco Vásquez, Juan D Jaramillo-Sánchez
Objective: To characterize physical activity profiles in a rural community in the southwest of Colombia and to identify knowledge gaps on this issue in the country. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in a rural area in Puerto Caldas, Pereira, Risaralda. The population of the study was obtained by convenience sampling from people participating in the activities of the Second Multidisciplinary Camp for Research and Services (CUMIS, for its acronym in Spanish), which was organized by the Colombian Association of Medical Students' Scientific Societies (ASCEMCOL, for its acronym in Spanish)...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403659/immunizing-children
#10
Hannah C Espeleta, Lana O Beasley, Leigh E Ridings, Tyler J Smith, Jennifer D Shields
Vaccinations are considered one of public health's greatest accomplishments. Despite evidence for vaccine effectiveness, uptake levels are still well below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines. The immunization decision-making process for parents is complex and depends on factors associated with knowledge and experiences. This qualitative study sought to expand on a previous decision-making model for immunizations by examining how individuals receive vaccination information, determining the role of experience in influencing decisions, and understanding how young adults might locate vaccination information in the future...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#11
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394063/engaging-medical-students-in-health-policy-through-legislation
#12
Sylvia Peterson-Perry, Anne Mancini Buckmaster, Suzanne Funkhouser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359209/trained-cohorts-of-university-students-are-a-useful-resource-for-conducting-dietary-surveys-in-mongolia
#13
Sabri Bromage, Holly Ya-Fan Chung, Hannah Bonville, Jeannie Choi Sprenger, Rebecca Lander, Davaasambuu Ganmaa
BACKGROUND: Population-based dietary assessment is important for informing national nutrition policy. The developing country setting presents challenges for robust implementation of dietary surveys, yet effective nutrition interventions are often urgently required. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a low-cost approach to epidemiologic dietary assessment in Mongolia, involving the use of large cohorts of local public health and medical students as research assistants for collecting diet records...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357195/causes-of-variability-in-prevalence-rates-of-communicable-diseases-among-secondary-school-students-in-kisumu-county-kenya
#14
David Otieno Odongo, W J Wakhungu, Omuterema Stanley
PURPOSE: To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. METHODS: A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.'s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on coefficient of variation by school type. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical examination using standard procedures, and focus group discussion, and descriptive analysis was performed on the completed questions...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#15
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343713/workplace-violence-against-women-nurses-working-in-two-public-sector-hospitals-of-lahore-pakistan
#16
Sara Rizvi Jafree
BACKGROUND: Cultural and structural forces help sustain workplace violence (WPV) against feminized professions like nursing in Pakistan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and patterns of workplace violence (WPV) against women nurses (more than 95% of entire nursing population) in two hospitals of Pakistan. METHODS: A standardized international survey developed by the World Health Organization was used to collect cross-sectional data...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341291/attitudes-of-students-of-a-health-sciences-university-towards-the-extension-of-smoke-free-policies-at-the-university-campuses-of-barcelona-spain
#17
Cristina Martínez, Carlos Méndez, María Sánchez, José María Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes towards the extension of outdoor smoke-free areas on university campuses. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n=384) conducted using a questionnaire administered to medical and nursing students in Barcelona in 2014. Information was obtained pertaining to support for indoor and outdoor smoking bans on university campuses, and the importance of acting as role models. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine agreement. RESULTS: Most of the students agreed on the importance of health professionals and students as role models (74...
March 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#18
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323603/how-medicine-may-save-the-life-of-us-immigration-policy-from-clinical-and-educational-encounters-to-ethical-public-policy
#19
Mark G Kuczewski
Medicine has a conceptual contribution to make to the immigration debate. Our nation has been unable to move forward with meaningful immigration reform because many citizens seem to assume that immigrants are in the United States to access benefits to which they are not entitled. In contrast, when medicine encounters undocumented immigrants in the health care or medical education setting, it is obvious that their contributions to our health care system are denied by exclusionary laws. When the system is amended to be inclusive, immigrants become contributors to the systems that they access...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285565/what-makes-a-medical-school-socially-accountable-in-latin-america-a-report-from-a-latin-american-panel-based-on-a-qualitative-approach
#20
Klaus Püschel, Arnoldo Riquelme, Philippa Moore, Viviana Rojas, Andrés Perry, Jaime C Sapag
BACKGROUND: Latin America is a region with huge health inequalities and a tremendous growth in the number of medical schools during the last decades. The role of the medical schools in reducing health inequality has not been systematically explored. METHODS: A qualitative framework method was used to explore the meaning, barriers, and facilitators of the concept of the social accountability of medical schools in Latin America. Twenty nine Latin American academic leaders from seven countries participated in an expert panel discussion...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
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