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Teenager pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194901/robot-babies-and-teenage-pregnancy
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133615/pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-associated-risks-an-8-year-hospital-based-cohort-study-2007-2014-in-romania-the-country-with-the-highest-rate-of-teenage-pregnancy-in-europe
#2
Demetra-Gabriela Socolov, Magdalena Iorga, Alexandru Carauleanu, Ciprian Ilea, Iolanda Blidaru, Lucian Boiculese, Razvan-Vladimir Socolov
Aim. To determine pregnancy and delivery outcomes among teenagers. Materials and Methods. An 8-year retrospective comparative hospital-based cohort study is analysing singleton pregnancy comorbidities and delivery parameters of a teenage group under the age of 20 compared with a young adult group 20-24 years of age in a university hospital. Results. Teenage is a risk factor for preterm birth <37 weeks (1.21 [1.08-1.35]), foetal growth restriction (1.34 [1.21-1.48]), episiotomy (1.27 [1.21-1.34]), uterine revision (1...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#3
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079409/promoting-awareness-of-neonatal-menstruation
#4
Paola Bianchi, Giuseppe Benagiano, Ivo Brosens
Neonatal uterine bleeding (NUB) has been carefully studied in the past through case reports, small series, clinical cohort studies, pathology investigations of fetal and neonatal. Following a historical recount, this review summarizes biological mechanisms conditioning NUB, starting from the persistence till birth of an 'ontogenetic progesterone resistance' (OPR), causing decreased responsiveness of target tissues to bioavailable progesterone. Several pregnancy-related conditions, such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, prematurity, post-maturity and even Rhesus or ABO incompatibility, influence the occurrence of NUB...
January 12, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074980/-implications-of-chilean-legal-framework-in-teen-pregnancy-prevention-conflict-and-insecurity-in-health-professionals
#5
Carolina Luttges D, Carolina Leyton M, Ingrid Leal F, Paulina Troncoso E, Temístocles Molina G
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a psychosocial and multifactorial problem described as a lack of exercise of rights in sexual and reproductive health. There are important aspects in the doctor-patient relationship and confidentiality that directly affect the continuity and quality of care. There are controversies in the laws relating to the provision of contraception and confidentiality, and those that protect the sexual indemnity, especially in adolescents under 14 years. AIM: To describe the implications of the legal framework for professional midwives in the care of adolescents younger than 14 years in sexual and reproductive health...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029131/assessment-of-a-culturally-tailored-sexual-health-education-program-for-african-american-youth
#6
Tiffany Zellner Lawrence, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Assia Miller, Elaine Archie-Booker, Tarita Johnson, Donoria Evans
African American youth are affected disproportionately by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and teenage pregnancy when compared to other racial groups. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the To Help Young People Establish (2 HYPE) Abstinence Club, a behavioral intervention designed to promote delayed sexual activity among African American youth ages 12-18 in Atlanta, Georgia. The intervention included 20 h of curriculum and creative arts instruction...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027379/as-teenage-pregnancies-decline-so-do-preterm-births
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024989/reducing-health-disparities-by-removing-cost-access-and-knowledge-barriers
#8
Melody Goodman, Ojiugo Onwumere, Laurel Milam, Jeffrey F Peipert
IMPORTANCE: While the rate of unintended pregnancy has declined in the U.S. in recent years, unintended pregnancy among teens in the U.S. is the highest among industrialized nations, and disproportionately affects minority teens. Our objective of this secondary analysis was to estimate the risk of unintended pregnancy for both Black and White women age 15- 19 years when barriers to access, cost, and knowledge are removed. Our hypothesis was that the Black-White disparities would be reduced when access, education, and cost barriers are removed...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994875/management-of-metastatic-thyroid-cancer-in-pregnancy-risk-and-uncertainty
#9
Christopher W Rowe, Kirsten Murray, Andrew Woods, Sandeep Gupta, Roger Smith, Katie Wynne
: Metastatic thyroid cancer is an uncommon condition to be present at the time of pregnancy, but presents a challenging paradigm of care. Clinicians must balance the competing interests of long-term maternal health, best achieved by iatrogenic hyperthyroidism, regular radioiodine therapy and avoidance of dietary iodine, against the priority to care for the developing foetus, with inevitable compromise. Additionally, epidemiological and cellular data support the role of oestrogen as a growth factor for benign and malignant thyrocytes, although communicating the magnitude of this risk to patients and caregivers, as well as the uncertain impact of any pregnancy on long-term prognosis, remains challenging...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992706/teenage-pregnancy-risk-and-timing-differ-by-sexual-orientation
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981741/lesbian-and-bisexual-women-s-likelihood-of-becoming-pregnant-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
K Hodson, C Meads, S Bewley
BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding pregnancy in lesbian and bisexual (LB) women. OBJECTIVES: To determine the likelihood of LB women becoming pregnant, naturally or assisted, in comparison with heterosexual women SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic review of papers published 1 January 2000 to 23 June 2015. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies contained details of pregnancy rates among LB women compared with heterosexual women. No restriction on study design...
February 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938638/teen-pregnancy-in-inuit-communities-gaps-still-needed-to-be-filled
#12
REVIEW
Caroline Moisan, Chloé Baril, Gina Muckle, Richard E Belanger
Teen pregnancy is depicted around the world as an important cause of health disparities both for the child and the mother. Accordingly, much effort has been invested in its prevention and led to its decline in the northern hemisphere since the mid-1990s. Despite that, high rates are still observed in the circumpolar regions. As Inuit communities have granted better understanding of teenage pregnancy a priority for the coming years, this article comprehensively reviews this multidimensional issue. By depicting current prevalence, likely determinants and possible impacts documented among Inuit of Canada, Alaska and Greenland, and contrasting them to common knowledge that has emerged from other populations over the years, great gaps surface...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931733/patient-experiences-with-pregnancy-planning-and-perspectives-on-reproductive-care-in-community-health-centers-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-african-american-women-in-chicago
#13
Rachel E Stones, Debra B Stulberg, Jennifer K Bello Kottenstette
INTRODUCTION: Given the potential benefits of preventive reproductive health care for both women and children, it is important that clinicians routinely offer preconception and contraceptive counseling in ways that are responsive to patients' wishes. The goal of this study is to gain knowledge about the components of preventive reproductive health care that patients at Federally Qualified Health Centers value, and to elicit patient perspectives on how best to deliver this care. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups with African American women (n = 21) at two Federally Qualified Health Centers in Chicago...
December 5, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927027/primary-pineal-glioblastoma-multiforme-mimicking-a-germ-cell-tumour
#14
Syed Sameer Nadvi, Kritish Timatkia
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is extremely rare in the pineal region, with only 19 previously reported cases. We report a unique case of a teenage girl with a pineal tumour with markedly raised beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (BHCG) levels, thought to be a germ-cell tumour. However, the raised BHCG was due to pregnancy, and biopsy revealed a pineal GBM.
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925163/induced-abortion-and-mental-health
#15
LETTER
Oskari Heikinheimo, Elina Pohjoranta, Elena Toffol, Satu Suhonen, Timo Partonen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920035/an-infant-simulator-programme-did-not-reduce-teenage-pregnancy
#16
Giordano Pérez-Gaxiola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876052/implementing-the-united-kingdom-s-ten-year-teenage-pregnancy-strategy-for-england-1999-2010-how-was-this-done-and-what-did-it-achieve
#17
Alison Hadley, Roger Ingham, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the UK Labour Government launched a 10-year Teenage Pregnancy Strategy for England to address the country's historically high rates and reduce social exclusion. The goal was to halve the under-18 conception rate. This study explores how the strategy was designed and implemented, and the features that contributed to its success. METHODS: This study was informed by examination of the detailed documentation of the strategy, published throughout its 10-year implementation...
November 22, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855044/-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-adolescent-in-a-high-specialty-hospital
#18
Jaime Blanquet-García, Aminta Montoya-Cázarez, Sebastián Carranza-Lira
BACKGROUND: The adolescents' pregnancy is a public health problem related to sociocultural and economic factors which compromise the mother-son binomial. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant adolescents from the hospital. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study, in which all pregnant patients between 10 and 19 years from the Hospital, during June 2012 and January 2014, were studied. The following data were collected: age, scholarship, occupation, marital status, age at beginning of sexual relations, number of sexual partners, contraceptive use and type of contraceptive method, pregnancies, parturition, cesarean section and abortions...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849266/predictive-factors-of-abortion-among-teenagers-with-obstetric-experience
#19
Thatiana Araújo Maranhão, Keila Rejane Oliveira Gomes, Idna de Carvalho Barros
Objective: To analyze the predictive factors of abortion among teenagers with gestational history. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with 464 teenagers aged between 15 and 19 years, from Teresina, Piauí, who completed a pregnancy in the first quarter of 2006 in six city maternity hospitals. Data were collected from May to December 2008, at the teenagers' home, after their identification in the hospital records. For the univariate analysis of data, descriptive statistics was used, and for bivariate analysis, Pearson's χ2-test and Z-test were applied...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818117/-induced-abortion-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#20
C Vayssière, A Gaudineau, L Attali, K Bettahar, S Eyraud, P Faucher, P Fournet, D Hassoun, M Hatchuel, C Jamin, B Letombe, T Linet, M Msika Razon, A Ohanessian, H Segain, S Vigoureux, N Winer, S Wylomanski, A Agostini
OBJECTIVE: Develop recommendations for the practice of induced abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign Gyn-Obs societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The number of induced abortions (IA) has been stable for several decades. There are a lot of factors explaining the choice of abortion when there is an unplanned pregnancy (UPP). Early initiation and choice of contraception in connection to the woman's life are associated with lower NSP...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
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