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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758040/early-school-failure-predicts-teenage-pregnancy-and-marriage-a-large-population-based-cohort-study-in-northern-malawi
#1
Judith R Glynn, Bindu S Sunny, Bianca DeStavola, Albert Dube, Menard Chihana, Alison J Price, Amelia C Crampin
BACKGROUND: School dropout has been linked to early pregnancy and marriage but less is known about the effect of school performance. We aimed to assess whether school performance influenced age at sexual debut, pregnancy and marriage, and from what age school drop-out and performance were associated with these later life events. METHODS: Data from 2007-2016 from a demographic surveillance site in northern Malawi with annual updating of schooling status and grades, and linked sexual behaviour surveys, were analysed to assess the associations of age-specific school performance (measured as age-for-grade) and status (in or out of school) on subsequent age at sexual debut, pregnancy and marriage...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751095/psychosocial-correlates-of-marijuana-use-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-adolescent-girls
#2
Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Erin E Bonar, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pregnant and non-pregnant populations in the US report marijuana as the most commonly used illicit drug. Patterns of marijuana use and psychosocial correlates are unclear among non-treatment seeking teenage girls. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The objective of this study was to use cross-sectional data to examine the psychosocial correlates of recent marijuana use among a sample of 646 pregnant and non-pregnant adolescent girls presenting to urban primary care clinics (mean age = 15...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744231/recurrent-pneumonia-due-to-fibrosing-mediastinitis-in-a-teenage-girl-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#3
Avigdor Hevroni, Chaim Springer, Oren Wasser, Avraham Avital, Benjamin Z Koplewitz
A teenage girl was evaluated for recurrent right pneumonia. The evaluation revealed a calcified mediastinal mass that compressed the right intermediate and middle lobar bronchi, as well as the right pulmonary artery and veins. The clinical picture together with imaging studies and borderline positive serology testing suggested a diagnosis of fibrosing mediastinitis associated with histoplasmosis. This rare condition is characterized by the local proliferation of invasive fibrous tissue within the mediastinum due to a hyperimmune reaction to Histoplasma capsulatum ...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742653/what-obstetrician-gynecologists-should-know-about-population-health
#4
Denise J Jamieson, Lisa B Haddad
Although there is much discussion about population health in academic medical centers, managed care organizations, and a variety of disciplines, it is not always clear what this term means. Population health describes the health outcomes of a group of individuals including health disparities, social determinants of health, and policies and interventions that link health outcomes with and patterns of health determinants. We describe some of the successes and challenges to addressing reproductive health issues in Georgia from a population health perspective, focusing on efforts to reduce teenage pregnancy and improve maternal health...
May 7, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708881/perceptions-of-sexual-abstinence-among-muslim-adolescent-girls-in-southern-thailand
#5
Jitlada Piriyasart, Praneed Songwathana, Susan Kools
Background Sex before marriage among Muslim adolescents is becoming a serious issue in Muslim societies exemplified by an increasing incidence of teenage pregnancy. Sexual abstinence is an optimal goal for adolescent health from an Islamic perspective. Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions have not been investigated, therefore, we lack understanding of their strengths and the risks that may contribute to outcomes such as pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Objective The purpose of this investigation was to characterize Muslim adolescent girls' perceptions of sexual abstinence...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707592/varicella-pneumonia-case-report-and-review-of-a-potentially-lethal-complication-of-a-common-disease
#6
John T Denny, Zoe M Rocke, Valerie A McRae, Julia E Denny, Christine Hunter Fratzola, Sajjad Ibrar, Joyce Bonitz, James T Tse, Shaul Cohen, Scott J Mellender, Geza K Kiss
Varicella zoster virus causes varicella (chickenpox). It can be reactivated endogenously many years later to cause herpes zoster (shingles). Although varicella is usually a benign disease in healthy children, it resulted in over 11 000 hospitalizations and over 100 deaths every year, in all ages, in the United States. Morbidity was considerably worse in older teenagers and adults. Between 5% and 15% of cases of adult chickenpox will produce some form of pulmonary illness. Progression to pneumonia risk factors include pregnancy, age, smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and immunosuppression...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673470/hypertension-across-a-woman-s-life-cycle
#7
REVIEW
Nanette K Wenger, Anita Arnold, C Noel Bairey Merz, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Keith C Ferdinand, Jerome L Fleg, Martha Gulati, Ijeoma Isiadinso, Dipti Itchhaporia, KellyAnn Light-McGroary, Kathryn J Lindley, Jennifer H Mieres, Mary L Rosser, George R Saade, Mary Norine Walsh, Carl J Pepine
Hypertension accounts for 1 in 5 deaths among American women, posing a greater burden for women than men, and is among their most important risk factors for death and development of cardiovascular and other diseases. Hypertension affects women in all phases of life, with specific characteristics relating to risk factors and management for primary prevention of hypertension in teenage and young adult women; hypertension in pregnancy; hypertension during use of oral contraceptives and assisted reproductive technologies, lactation, menopause, or hormone replacement; hypertension in elderly women; and issues of race and ethnicity...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671351/girls-cannot-be-trusted-young-men-s-perspectives-on-contraceptive-decision-making-and-sexual-relationships-in-bolgatanga-ghana
#8
John K Krugu, Fraujke E F Mevissen, Kirsten A Flore, Robert A C Ruiter
BACKGROUND: There is extensive research on African girls sexual experiences, but much less is known about boys thoughts and actions. There is a need to understand the male perspective in order to develop sexuality education programmes that address the high rates of teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: For this qualitative, phenomenological study we spoke to 20 boys from Bolgatanga, Ghana and explored their sexual decision making, using semi-structured interviews designed to highlight psychosocial and environmental factors...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669647/making-dreams-not-babies-the-power-of-hope-in-a-teen-family-planning-clinic
#9
Kimberly Raines
Teenage pregnancy is a signifi cant social issue in the United States, resulting in increased levels of poverty. Most public health family planning efforts have traditionally focused on teaching teens the how-to of contraception, with little focus on teaching the why-to. During my time as a nurse practitioner in a public health department family planning clinic, I developed a method to open discussions with patients about the possibilities of a future that includes delayed childbearing. My experience with this strategy taught me that hope may indeed be the most powerful contraceptive of all...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629683/near-real-time-tracking-of-gaps-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-three-districts-of-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#10
F Moyo, A Haeri Mazanderani, S Bhardwaj, O B Mhlongo, T Kufa, K Ng'oma, B A Smith, G G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Identifying and addressing gaps in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is required if South Africa (SA) is to achieve targets for eliminating MTCT (eMTCT). Potential PMTCT gaps that increase MTCT risk include late maternal HIV diagnosis, lack of or delayed antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and lack of effective prophylaxis for HIV-exposed infants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in near real time, PMTCT gaps among HIV-infected infants in three districts of KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618943/a-longitudinal-examination-of-us-teen-childbearing-and-smoking-risk
#11
Stefanie Mollborn, Juhee Woo, Richard G Rogers
BACKGROUND: Teenage motherhood and smoking have important health implications for youth in the United States and globally, but the link between teen childbearing and subsequent smoking is inadequately understood. The selection of disadvantaged young women into early childbearing and smoking may explain higher smoking levels among teen mothers, but teen motherhood may also shape subsequent smoking through compromised maternal depression or socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity may condition these processes...
January 2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606182/review-dairy-foods-red-meat-and-processed-meat-in-the-diet-implications-for-health-at-key-life-stages
#12
D I Givens
Social and health care provision have led to substantial increases in life expectancy. In the UK this has become higher than 80 years with an even greater proportional increase in those aged 85 years and over. The different life stages give rise to important nutritional challenges and recent reductions in milk consumption have led to sub-optimal intakes of calcium by teenage females in particular when bone growth is at its maximum and of iodine during pregnancy needed to ensure that supply/production of thyroid hormones to the foetus is adequate...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587543/iron-overdose-epidemiology-clinical-features-and-iron-concentration-effect-relationships-the-uk-experience-2008-2017
#13
D Nicholas Bateman, Victoria Eagling, Euan A Sandilands, Gill Jackson, Catherine Crawford, Leonard Hawkins, Ted Cheung, Gillian Cooper, Sally M Bradberry, John P Thompson, Simon H L Thomas, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: Iron poisoning is potentially serious, but mortality has fallen worldwide since implementation of pack size and packaging restrictions, and changes in iron use during pregnancy. The management of individual cases of overdose remains problematic due to uncertainty about indications for antidote. We examine the epidemiology of iron overdose in hospital cases referred to the UK National Poisons Information Service (NPIS) and evaluate the toxicokinetics of iron in patients ingesting only iron preparations...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576656/desire-for-and-to-avoid-pregnancy-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#14
Abigail Weitzman, Jennifer Barber, Yasamin Kusunoki, Paula England
Unintended pregnancies disproportionately occur among teenage women, yet little is known about the determinants of pregnancy desire among this group. We use a comprehensive baseline survey and weekly data on pregnancy desires to investigate which unmarried 18-20 year-old women want a pregnancy, want to avoid pregnancy, and report consistent pregnancy desire and disinclination. Variables that positively predict pregnancy desire generally negatively predict desire to avoid pregnancy. While most young women have no desire and strong disinclination in most weeks, childhood receipt of public assistance is a strong predictor of wanting pregnancy and not wanting to avoid it...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575973/mental-health-among-help-seeking-urban-women-the-relationships-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-sexual-abuse-and-suicidality
#15
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult mental health were explored in a sample of urban Aboriginal ( n = 83) and non-Aboriginal ( n = 89) women. Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) was associated with negative home environments, teenage pregnancy, lifetime suicide attempts, and treatment seeking. Aboriginal women with CSA witnessed higher levels of physical/sexual abuse of family members. The severity of current psychological distress was associated with a history of childhood neglect. The results indicate that CSA rarely occurs in isolation, and that multiple ACEs are strongly associated with suicide attempts and treatment seeking in adulthood...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564717/early-childbearing-school-attainment-and-cognitive-skills-evidence-from-madagascar
#16
Catalina Herrera Almanza, David E Sahn
Female secondary school attendance has recently increased in sub-Saharan Africa, and so has the risk of becoming pregnant while attending school. We analyze the impact of teenage pregnancy on young women's human capital using longitudinal data in Madagascar that capture the transition from adolescence to adulthood for a cohort aged 21-24 in 2012, first interviewed in 2004. We find that early childbearing increases the likelihood of dropping out of school and decreases the chances of completing secondary school...
March 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557632/-adolescent-mothers-admitted-with-their-children-in-a-highly-complex-hospital-differences-between-early-middle-and-late-adolescence
#17
Valeria Bulgach, Cecilia Zunana, Paula Califano, M Susana Rodríguez, Roberto Mato
INTRODUCTION: Teenage pregnancy is highly prevalent. OBJECTIVE: To describe several features of a group of adolescent mothers admitted along with their children in a high complexity pediatric hospital and to explore the difference between those in early-mid and late adolescence. METHODS: Observational, transversal study, through a survey including socio-demographic variables, information about their pregnancy, delivery and their newborns. RESULTS: We included 227 mothers, 100 were aged < 17 years old and 127 were aged from 17 to 19 years and 11 months...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510814/von-hippel-lindau-disease-diagnosis-and-factors-influencing-disease-outcome
#18
Marie Louise Mølgaard Binderup
von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL) is a hereditary tumor predisposition caused by mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene. VHL mutation-carriers are at life-long risk of multi-organ tumor development. The mainstay of vHL management is close surveillance and surgical tumor removal. The disease has been reported to be fully penetrant at 60 years of age, and has a highly variable phenotype, which complicates vHL management and causes distress and uncertainty for affected families. vHL survival has historically been poorer than the survival of the general population, with a median life expectancy for vHL patients of only 49 years...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504502/teenage-pregnancies-in-mozambique-the-experience-of-servicios-amigos-dos-adolescentes-clinics-in-beira
#19
Damiano Pizzol, Francesco Di Gennaro, Chiara Boscardin, Giovanni Putoto, Elena Cuppini, Graciana Pita, Alexandra George, Laura Monno, Annalisa Saracino, Liviana Da Dalt, Angela De Palma
The purpose of this article is to provide insights into the demand for pregnancy-related health services by adolescent girls and young women in Mozambique. We analysed the patient registers for the first year of operation (2014) of the Servicios Amigos dos Adolescentes (SAAJ) [Friendly Services for Adolescents] clinics in Beira, Mozambique. These registers provide details of the service demands of, and services provided to the 8 290 adolescent girls and young women who accessed the 6 SAAJ clinics in 2014. Analysis of that record, with disaggregation of the patients according to age (9 years or less; 10-14; 15-19; 20-24; 25 and older), show that 3 021 (36%) were pregnant or had previously been pregnant; most being girls in the 15-19 age band (59%)...
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492333/bacterial-identification-of-the-vaginal-microbiota-in-ecuadorian-pregnant-teenagers-an-exploratory-analysis
#20
Ana María Salinas, Verónica Gabriela Osorio, Pablo Francisco Endara, Eduardo Ramiro Salazar, Gabriela Piedad Vasco, Sandra Guadalupe Vivero, Antonio Machado
Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a microbial imbalance (i.e., dysbiosis) that can produce serious medical effects in women at childbearing age. Little is known, however, about the incidence of BV or vaginal microbiota dysbiosis in pregnant teenagers in low and middle-income countries such as Ecuador. The scope of this exploratory analysis was to study the relationship between epidemiologic and microbial risk factors. Among the microbiology risk factors this study investigated five Lactobacillus species, two of them know in preview studies as microbiology risk factors for BV development ( Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus iners ), and the last three known for being associated with a healthy vaginal tract ( Lactobacillus crispatus , Lactobacillus gasseri and Lactobacillus jensenii )...
2018: PeerJ
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