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Teenager pregnancy

Marie Louise Mølgaard Binderup
von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL) is a hereditary tumor predisposition caused by mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene. VHL mutation-carriers are at life-long risk of multi-organ tumor development. The mainstay of vHL management is close surveillance and surgical tumor removal. The disease has been reported to be fully penetrant at 60 years of age, and has a highly variable phenotype, which complicates vHL management and causes distress and uncertainty for affected families. vHL survival has historically been poorer than the survival of the general population, with a median life expectancy for vHL patients of only 49 years...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Damiano Pizzol, Francesco Di Gennaro, Chiara Boscardin, Giovanni Putoto, Elena Cuppini, Graciana Pita, Alexandra George, Laura Monno, Annalisa Saracino, Liviana Da Dalt, Angela De Palma
The purpose of this article is to provide insights into the demand for pregnancy-related health services by adolescent girls and young women in Mozambique. We analysed the patient registers for the first year of operation (2014) of the Servicios Amigos dos Adolescentes (SAAJ) [Friendly Services for Adolescents] clinics in Beira, Mozambique. These registers provide details of the service demands of, and services provided to the 8 290 adolescent girls and young women who accessed the 6 SAAJ clinics in 2014. Analysis of that record, with disaggregation of the patients according to age (9 years or less; 10-14; 15-19; 20-24; 25 and older), show that 3 021 (36%) were pregnant or had previously been pregnant; most being girls in the 15-19 age band (59%)...
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Ana María Salinas, Verónica Gabriela Osorio, Pablo Francisco Endara, Eduardo Ramiro Salazar, Gabriela Piedad Vasco, Sandra Guadalupe Vivero, Antonio Machado
Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a microbial imbalance (i.e., dysbiosis) that can produce serious medical effects in women at childbearing age. Little is known, however, about the incidence of BV or vaginal microbiota dysbiosis in pregnant teenagers in low and middle-income countries such as Ecuador. The scope of this exploratory analysis was to study the relationship between epidemiologic and microbial risk factors. Among the microbiology risk factors this study investigated five Lactobacillus species, two of them know in preview studies as microbiology risk factors for BV development ( Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus iners ), and the last three known for being associated with a healthy vaginal tract ( Lactobacillus crispatus , Lactobacillus gasseri and Lactobacillus jensenii )...
2018: PeerJ
Megan M Wisniewski, Heather A O'Connell
Teenage motherhood is a pressing issue in the United States, and one that is disproportionately affecting racial/ethnic minorities. In this research, we examine the relationship between the distance to the nearest reproductive health clinic and teenage birth rates across all zip codes in Houston, Texas. Our primary data come from the Texas Department of State Health Services. We use spatial regression analysis techniques to examine the link between clinic proximity and local teenage birth rates for all females aged 15 to 19, and separately by maternal race/ethnicity...
February 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Dorelia Deuteraiou, Anastasia Bothou, Xanthi Anthoulaki, Anna Chalkidou, Eleftherios Chatzimichael, Fotini Gaitatzi, Bachar Manav, Zacharoula Koukoul, Stefanos Zervoudis, Grigorios Trypsianis, George Galazios
Abstract : Introduction : The goal of our study was to investigate and evaluate the contraceptive behavior in teenagers from our family planning centre that services two different religious and socioeconomic populations living in the Thrace area. Methods : During the last 10 years 115 Christian Orthodox (group A) and 53 Muslim teenagers (group B) were enrolled in our retrospective study. Contraceptive practice attitudes were assessed by a questionnaire. Religion, demographics, socio-economic characteristics were key factors used to discuss contraception and avoid unplanned pregnancy in each group and to compare with the contraceptive method used...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pitchaya Homsup, Chadakarn Phaloprakarn, Siriwan Tangjitgamol, Sumonmal Manusirivithaya
OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics and pregnancy outcomes among pregnant illicit drug users living in an urban area, and to describe trends in drug use over an 8-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on pregnant women living in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region who delivered at our institution during 2008-2015 were studied. Women with drug use (n = 197) and women without drug use (n = 787) were compared in terms of maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Chloé Xavier, Anita Benoit, Hilary K Brown
BACKGROUND: Teenage mothers are at increased risk for adverse social outcomes and short-term health problems, but long-term impacts on mental health are poorly understood. The aims of our systematic review were to determine the association between teenage pregnancy and mental health beyond the postpartum period, critically appraise the literature's quality and guide future research. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science from inception to June 2017 for peer-reviewed articles written in English or French...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Michele Gonçalves Santana, Patricia Coelho de Velasco, Olívia Rebelo Coelho de Oliveira, Raquel Espírito Santo, Flavia Spreafico, Lívia Belcastro de Almeida, Fatima Lucia de Carvalho Sardinha, Maria das Graças Tavares-do-Carmo
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between leptin, insulin and adiponectin levels and anthropometric measurements of term newborns of adolescent and adult mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical cord plasma samples were obtained from 80 healthy term neonates (40 from teenagers and 40 from adult mothers) and adiponectin, insulin and leptin concentrations were measured. RESULTS: Cord plasma adiponectin levels were higher in the boys from adult mothers than in the boys of the adolescent (p < 0...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Adrienn Karai, Zita Gyurkovits, Tibor András Nyári, Tamás Sári, Gábor Németh, Hajnalka Orvos
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risks of adverse perinatal outcomes of teenage mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on teenage mothers (under 20 years of age) who delivered in the period of 2010-2014 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Szeged (study group). All mothers who delivered in Hungary during the same period were studied as a control group. The following parameters were analyzed: demographic data of the mothers, maternal complications, perinatal outcome and congenital malformations of the newborns...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Arpaporn Powwattana, Pimrat Thammaraksa, Sroy Manora
Teenage pregnancy-prevention interventions have fallen short in significantly decreasing risk of pregnancy for Thai populations. The "breaking the voice" ("rak luk khun tong pood") culture-appropriate teenage pregnancy-prevention program was developed using community-based research. Qualitative analyses of focus group data identified salient factors related to sexual communication and behavior. The integration of focus group results with theoretical constructs guided the development of an intervention to reduce risky sexual behavior by increasing communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Hannah Kluckow, Leeanne Panisis, Jessie Lauri, Anna Jatubatu, Dukyeon Kim, Laura Hodges, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND: The Solomon Islands is a Pacific nation with a maternal mortality of 114 per 100 000 births. Around 57% of pregnancies are unintended and only 15% of women attend their first antenatal visit in the first 12 weeks as recommended by the World Health Organization. AIMS: We sought to examine the socio-demographic predictors of unintended pregnancy and late antenatal booking (>18 weeks) among women attending antenatal care in Honiara. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2014 to May 2015 we undertook a cross-sectional survey using a structured questionnaire on women presenting to the National Referral Hospital and community clinics in Honiara for antenatal care...
January 31, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Elyse Fortier, Angel M Foster
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum contraception plays a significant role in reducing subsequent pregnancy. However, young mothers in Ottawa, the capital of Canada, face various barriers when trying to access contraception after delivery. Through this project we aimed to explore these barriers and understand the decision-making processes of young mothers surrounding postpartum contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted 10 semi-structured in-depth interviews with young mothers living in Ottawa who had experienced a subsequent pregnancy within 24 months of their first childbirth...
January 8, 2018: Contraception
Chatchai Kreepala, Maethaphan Kitporntheranunt, Worrawat Sangwipasnapaporn, Warit Rungsrithananon, Krittanont Wattanavaekin
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a common medical complication in pregnancy. It has been reported to be associated with decreased serum magnesium levels. However, there has not been evidence demonstrating utilization of change in magnesium for prediction of preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to develop magnesium fraction-based equations which took other significant clinical risk factors into consideration for prediction of preeclampsia. METHODS: We collected serum total and ionized magnesium ionized magnesium levels from 84 pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia after week 20 of pregnancy...
November 2018: Renal Failure
A M Kingsbury, M Plotnikova, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes have a long-term impact on the mental health of mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes predicted mothers' depressive-symptom trajectories over a 27-year period following the birth of a baby. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Participants comprised a sub-group of women from the longitudinal cohort of the Mater and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
Tony Sheldon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Lisa Witkowski
In this poem the author describes a nervous teenage girl who is in a doctor's office with her grandmother for a pregnancy test. The doctor tries to ease the tension. The teenager and grandmother are relieved when they are told the result of the test is negative. (PsycINFO Database Record
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Zoran Trninić, Marija Bender, Nikica Šutalo, Davorin Kozomara, Valentina Lasić, Danijel Bevanda, Gordan Galić
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to establish attitudes of medical students on induced abortion and connection of those attitudes with religiousness, length of their studies, sex and various circumstances of pregnancy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 148 students of the first, second, fifth and sixth year of medical faculty participated in the research. The study was conducted at the Medical Faculty of the University in Mostar. While collecting the data, we used a survey taken over from literature...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Martha Mbawa, Jerneja Vidmar, Constance Chingwaru, Walter Chingwaru
This study has shown evidence of significant prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) among adolescent mothers (ADLM) (13.0%) than among adult mothers (ADM) (7.2%) (p < 0.001) in Mashonaland Central and Bulawayo provinces of Zimbabwe. The following were shown to significantly associate with PPD among ADLM: (p < 0.05): (i) abandonment by a partner, (ii) lack access to childhood needs, (iii) bad relationships within families, (iv) social insecurity, (v) prenatal depression (vi) unplanned pregnancies, (vii) lack of information about contraception, (viii) negative perception of teenage pregnancy, (ix) absence of both parents during childhood and (x) negative familial relationships during childhood [OR > 1, 95% CI; p < 0...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Leonard T Bikinesi, Robert Mash, Kate Joyner
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant and largely hidden public health problem for all women and, during pregnancy, can have significant effects on the health of both mother and the unborn baby. Previous Namibian studies suggest rates of IPV as high as 36%, although few studies have been conducted in primary care. AIM: To determine the prevalence of IPV amongst women attending antenatal care. SETTING: Outapi primary care clinic, Namibia...
December 6, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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