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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283038/exploring-associations-between-prenatal-solvent-exposures-and-teenage-drug-and-alcohol-use-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Lisa G Gallagher, Thomas F Webster, Ann Aschengrau
BACKGROUND: Investigating the effects of prenatal and childhood exposures on behavioral health outcomes in adolescence is challenging given the lengthy period between the exposure and outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Cape Cod, Massachusetts to evaluate the impact of prenatal and early childhood exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water on the occurrence of risk-taking behaviors as a teenager. An increased occurrence of risk-taking behaviors, particularly illicit drug use, was observed in those highly exposed to PCE...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278227/do-children-born-to-teenage-parents-have-lower-adult-intelligence-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#2
Mohsina Khatun, Abdullah Al Mamun, James Scott, Gail M William, Alexandra Clavarino, Jake M Najman
Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238317/-pregnancy-and-delivery-of-teenagers-is-the-obstetrical-prognosis-worst%C3%A2-between-13-15years-old
#3
C Wemaux-Denis, C Garabedian, A Huc, O Cailleret, M-H Depoortere, Y Hammou, D Subtil
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognosis of pregnancy and delivery of 13-15years old patients compared to teenagers aged of 16-17. METHODS: Single-center retrospective study of a continuous series of 13-15 teenagers followed in a public maternity between 1996 and 2012 compared to a series of patients aged of 16-17 matched on the day of the delivery (two controls for a case). RESULTS: Seventy-three teens 13-15 were followed during the study period, and 146 adolescents aged 16-17 were included and matched...
January 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235440/teen-pregnancy-prevention-implementation-of-a-multicomponent-community-wide-approach
#5
REVIEW
Trisha Mueller, Heather D Tevendale, Taleria R Fuller, L Duane House, Lisa M Romero, Anna Brittain, Bala Varanasi
This article provides an overview and description of implementation activities of the multicomponent, community-wide initiatives of the Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Program initiated in 2010 by the Office of Adolescent Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The community-wide initiatives applied the Interactive Systems Framework for dissemination and implementation through training and technical assistance on the key elements of the initiative: implementation of evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) interventions; enhancing quality of and access to youth-friendly reproductive health services; educating stakeholders about TPP; working with youth in communities most at risk of teen pregnancy; and mobilizing the community to garner support...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235429/advancing-the-field-of-teenage-pregnancy-prevention-through-community-wide-pregnancy-prevention-initiatives
#6
EDITORIAL
Claire D Brindis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194901/robot-babies-and-teenage-pregnancy
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133615/pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-associated-risks-an-8-year-hospital-based-cohort-study-2007-2014-in-romania-the-country-with-the-highest-rate-of-teenage-pregnancy-in-europe
#8
Demetra-Gabriela Socolov, Magdalena Iorga, Alexandru Carauleanu, Ciprian Ilea, Iolanda Blidaru, Lucian Boiculese, Razvan-Vladimir Socolov
Aim. To determine pregnancy and delivery outcomes among teenagers. Materials and Methods. An 8-year retrospective comparative hospital-based cohort study is analysing singleton pregnancy comorbidities and delivery parameters of a teenage group under the age of 20 compared with a young adult group 20-24 years of age in a university hospital. Results. Teenage is a risk factor for preterm birth <37 weeks (1.21 [1.08-1.35]), foetal growth restriction (1.34 [1.21-1.48]), episiotomy (1.27 [1.21-1.34]), uterine revision (1...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#9
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079409/promoting-awareness-of-neonatal-menstruation
#10
Paola Bianchi, Giuseppe Benagiano, Ivo Brosens
Neonatal uterine bleeding (NUB) has been carefully studied in the past through case reports, small series, clinical cohort studies, pathology investigations of fetal and neonatal. Following a historical recount, this review summarizes biological mechanisms conditioning NUB, starting from the persistence till birth of an 'ontogenetic progesterone resistance' (OPR), causing decreased responsiveness of target tissues to bioavailable progesterone. Several pregnancy-related conditions, such as preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, prematurity, post-maturity and even Rhesus or ABO incompatibility, influence the occurrence of NUB...
January 12, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074980/-implications-of-chilean-legal-framework-in-teen-pregnancy-prevention-conflict-and-insecurity-in-health-professionals
#11
Carolina Luttges D, Carolina Leyton M, Ingrid Leal F, Paulina Troncoso E, Temístocles Molina G
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a psychosocial and multifactorial problem described as a lack of exercise of rights in sexual and reproductive health. There are important aspects in the doctor-patient relationship and confidentiality that directly affect the continuity and quality of care. There are controversies in the laws relating to the provision of contraception and confidentiality, and those that protect the sexual indemnity, especially in adolescents under 14 years. AIM: To describe the implications of the legal framework for professional midwives in the care of adolescents younger than 14 years in sexual and reproductive health...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029131/assessment-of-a-culturally-tailored-sexual-health-education-program-for-african-american-youth
#12
Tiffany Zellner Lawrence, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Assia Miller, Elaine Archie-Booker, Tarita Johnson, Donoria Evans
African American youth are affected disproportionately by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and teenage pregnancy when compared to other racial groups. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the To Help Young People Establish (2 HYPE) Abstinence Club, a behavioral intervention designed to promote delayed sexual activity among African American youth ages 12-18 in Atlanta, Georgia. The intervention included 20 h of curriculum and creative arts instruction...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027379/as-teenage-pregnancies-decline-so-do-preterm-births
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024989/reducing-health-disparities-by-removing-cost-access-and-knowledge-barriers
#14
Melody Goodman, Ojiugo Onwumere, Laurel Milam, Jeffrey F Peipert
IMPORTANCE: While the rate of unintended pregnancy has declined in the U.S. in recent years, unintended pregnancy among teens in the U.S. is the highest among industrialized nations, and disproportionately affects minority teens. Our objective of this secondary analysis was to estimate the risk of unintended pregnancy for both Black and White women age 15- 19 years when barriers to access, cost, and knowledge are removed. Our hypothesis was that the Black-White disparities would be reduced when access, education, and cost barriers are removed...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994875/management-of-metastatic-thyroid-cancer-in-pregnancy-risk-and-uncertainty
#15
Christopher W Rowe, Kirsten Murray, Andrew Woods, Sandeep Gupta, Roger Smith, Katie Wynne
Metastatic thyroid cancer is an uncommon condition to be present at the time of pregnancy, but presents a challenging paradigm of care. Clinicians must balance the competing interests of long-term maternal health, best achieved by iatrogenic hyperthyroidism, regular radioiodine therapy and avoidance of dietary iodine, against the priority to care for the developing foetus, with inevitable compromise. Additionally, epidemiological and cellular data support the role of oestrogen as a growth factor for benign and malignant thyrocytes, although communicating the magnitude of this risk to patients and caregivers, as well as the uncertain impact of any pregnancy on long-term prognosis, remains challenging...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992706/teenage-pregnancy-risk-and-timing-differ-by-sexual-orientation
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981741/lesbian-and-bisexual-women-s-likelihood-of-becoming-pregnant-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
K Hodson, C Meads, S Bewley
BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding pregnancy in lesbian and bisexual (LB) women. OBJECTIVES: To determine the likelihood of LB women becoming pregnant, naturally or assisted, in comparison with heterosexual women SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic review of papers published 1 January 2000 to 23 June 2015. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies contained details of pregnancy rates among LB women compared with heterosexual women. No restriction on study design...
February 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938638/teen-pregnancy-in-inuit-communities-gaps-still-needed-to-be-filled
#18
REVIEW
Caroline Moisan, Chloé Baril, Gina Muckle, Richard E Belanger
Teen pregnancy is depicted around the world as an important cause of health disparities both for the child and the mother. Accordingly, much effort has been invested in its prevention and led to its decline in the northern hemisphere since the mid-1990s. Despite that, high rates are still observed in the circumpolar regions. As Inuit communities have granted better understanding of teenage pregnancy a priority for the coming years, this article comprehensively reviews this multidimensional issue. By depicting current prevalence, likely determinants and possible impacts documented among Inuit of Canada, Alaska and Greenland, and contrasting them to common knowledge that has emerged from other populations over the years, great gaps surface...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931733/patient-experiences-with-pregnancy-planning-and-perspectives-on-reproductive-care-in-community-health-centers-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-african-american-women-in-chicago
#19
Rachel E Stones, Debra B Stulberg, Jennifer K Bello Kottenstette
INTRODUCTION: Given the potential benefits of preventive reproductive health care for both women and children, it is important that clinicians routinely offer preconception and contraceptive counseling in ways that are responsive to patients' wishes. The goal of this study is to gain knowledge about the components of preventive reproductive health care that patients at Federally Qualified Health Centers value, and to elicit patient perspectives on how best to deliver this care. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups with African American women (n = 21) at two Federally Qualified Health Centers in Chicago...
December 5, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927027/primary-pineal-glioblastoma-multiforme-mimicking-a-germ-cell-tumour
#20
Syed Sameer Nadvi, Kritish Timatkia
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is extremely rare in the pineal region, with only 19 previously reported cases. We report a unique case of a teenage girl with a pineal tumour with markedly raised beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (BHCG) levels, thought to be a germ-cell tumour. However, the raised BHCG was due to pregnancy, and biopsy revealed a pineal GBM.
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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