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Teenager pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876052/implementing-the-united-kingdom-s-ten-year-teenage-pregnancy-strategy-for-england-1999-2010-how-was-this-done-and-what-did-it-achieve
#1
Alison Hadley, Roger Ingham, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the UK Labour Government launched a 10-year Teenage Pregnancy Strategy for England to address the country's historically high rates and reduce social exclusion. The goal was to halve the under-18 conception rate. This study explores how the strategy was designed and implemented, and the features that contributed to its success. METHODS: This study was informed by examination of the detailed documentation of the strategy, published throughout its 10-year implementation...
November 22, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855044/-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-adolescent-in-a-high-specialty-hospital
#2
Jaime Blanquet-García, Aminta Montoya-Cázarez, Sebastián Carranza-Lira
BACKGROUND: The adolescents' pregnancy is a public health problem related to sociocultural and economic factors which compromise the mother-son binomial. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant adolescents from the hospital. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study, in which all pregnant patients between 10 and 19 years from the Hospital, during June 2012 and January 2014, were studied. The following data were collected: age, scholarship, occupation, marital status, age at beginning of sexual relations, number of sexual partners, contraceptive use and type of contraceptive method, pregnancies, parturition, cesarean section and abortions...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849266/predictive-factors-of-abortion-among-teenagers-with-obstetric-experience
#3
Thatiana Araújo Maranhão, Keila Rejane Oliveira Gomes, Idna de Carvalho Barros
Objective: To analyze the predictive factors of abortion among teenagers with gestational history. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with 464 teenagers aged between 15 and 19 years, from Teresina, Piauí, who completed a pregnancy in the first quarter of 2006 in six city maternity hospitals. Data were collected from May to December 2008, at the teenagers' home, after their identification in the hospital records. For the univariate analysis of data, descriptive statistics was used, and for bivariate analysis, Pearson's χ2-test and Z-test were applied...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818117/-induced-abortion-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#4
C Vayssière, A Gaudineau, L Attali, K Bettahar, S Eyraud, P Faucher, P Fournet, D Hassoun, M Hatchuel, C Jamin, B Letombe, T Linet, M Msika Razon, A Ohanessian, H Segain, S Vigoureux, N Winer, S Wylomanski, A Agostini
OBJECTIVE: Develop recommendations for the practice of induced abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign Gyn-Obs societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: The number of induced abortions (IA) has been stable for several decades. There are a lot of factors explaining the choice of abortion when there is an unplanned pregnancy (UPP). Early initiation and choice of contraception in connection to the woman's life are associated with lower NSP...
November 3, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814765/antibody-responses-to-the-full-length-var2csa-and-its-dbl-domains-in-cameroonian-children-and-teenagers
#5
Barriere A Y Fodjo, Njika Atemnkeng, Livo Esemu, Emile K Yuosembom, Isabella A Quakyi, Viviane H M Tchinda, Joseph Smith, Ali Salanti, Jude Bigoga, Diane W Taylor, Rose G F Leke, Anna Babakhanyan
BACKGROUND: Antigenic variation of Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 is a key parasite mechanism for immune evasion and parasite survival. It is assumed that the number of parasites expressing the same var gene must reach high enough numbers before the host can produce detectable levels of antibodies (Ab) to the variant. VAR2CSA is a protein coded for by one of 60 var genes that is expressed on the surface of infected erythrocytes (IE) and mediates IE binding to the placenta...
November 4, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798419/novel-targets-of-omalizumab-in-asthma
#6
Caroline Sattler, Gilles Garcia, Marc Humbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody approved in the US for moderate to severe persistent allergic asthma (severe persistent asthma in the European Union), uncontrolled despite treatment with inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta2 agonists. It reduces asthma exacerbations, symptoms, oral corticosteroid doses, and improves quality of life. RECENT FINDINGS: Omalizumab may have an antiviral effect when used as a preventive therapy for fall exacerbations in children and teenagers...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792135/serum-retinol-levels-in-pregnant-adolescents-and-their-relationship-with-habitual-food-intake-infection-and-obstetric-nutritional-and-socioeconomic-variables
#7
Laís Spíndola Garcêz, Geania de Sousa Paz Lima, Adriana de Azevedo Paiva, Suzana Maria Rebêlo Sampaio da Paz, Erica Ivana Lázaro Gomes, Valéria Sutti Nunes, Eliana Cotta de Faria, Sílvia de Barros-Mazon
Globally, vitamin A deficiency (VAD) affects about 19.1 million pregnant women. Its occurrence is classically associated with inadequate food intake and may also be associated with socioeconomic factors and the presence of infection. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to serum retinol levels among pregnant teenagers. The sample consisted of 89 pregnant adolescents, from whom socioeconomic, obstetric, anthropometric, and food consumption data were collected. Serum concentrations of retinol and the supposed presence of infection were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and C-reactive protein quantification, respectively...
October 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784094/caring-for-realistic-infant-simulators-does-not-deter-teenage-pregnancy
#8
Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773708/the-impact-of-an-iud-and-implant-intervention-on-dual-method-use-among-young-women-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#9
Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Denisse Velazquez, Maya Blum, Sara J Newmann, Cynthia C Harper
Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective at preventing pregnancy but do not protect against sexually transmitted infection (STI). Recent efforts to improve access to intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants have raised concerns about STI prevention and reduced condom use, particularly among teenagers and young women. We evaluated whether a provider-targeted intervention to increase LARC access negatively impacted dual method use and STI incidence among an at-risk patient population...
October 20, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771025/no-rush-to-motherhood-the-lived-experience-of-african-american-never-pregnant-sexually-active-female-teens
#10
Monique Jenkins, Carol F Roye, Keville Frederickson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the lived experiences of underserved minority sexually active teenaged girls' successful avoidance of unwanted pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHOD: Merleau-Ponty's methodology and van Manen's method of doing phenomenological research guided and facilitated the process of the study. 7 participants were eligible and all of them were interviewed for this study. RESULTS: Six main themes were identified: sense of emotional safety; sense of being free from a potential pregnancy; feeling supported by family and friends; connections built on trust and communication; regard for self through self-esteem and self-confidence; and sense of having life goals...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743510/barriers-to-adolescent-contraception-use-and-adherence
#11
Camille Clare, Mary-Beatrice Squire, Karem Alvarez, Julia Meisler, Candice Fraser
OBJECTIVE: The United States has the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy of the industrialized nations. Previously reported patient barriers to the use of contraception included an ambivalence about pregnancy; method side effects; difficulty using methods; lack of satisfaction with methods; concerns about safety; expense; and a lack of knowledge about long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). This survey aims to determine if there are additional barriers to contraception use and adherence among an ethnically diverse urban population...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727430/withdrawn-day-care-for-pre-school-children
#12
REVIEW
Bozhena Zoritch, Ian Roberts, Ann Oakley
BACKGROUND: The debate about how, where and by whom young children should be looked after is one which has occupied much social policy and media attention in recent years. Mothers undertake most of the care of young children. Internationally, out-of-home day-care provision ranges widely. These different levels of provision are not simply a response to different levels of demand for day-care, but reflect cultural and economic interests concerning the welfare of children, the need to promote mothers' participation in paid work, and the importance of socialising children into society's values...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695719/teenage-mothers
#13
Jennifer L Marino, Lucy N Lewis, Deborah Bateson, Martha Hickey, S Rachel Skinner
BACKGROUND: Australia's teenage birth rate has fallen to historic lows, but teenage motherhood still occurs and can be challenging for mother and baby. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review current evidence on the epidemiology and clinical care of teenage pregnancy and parenting, and provide recommendations around management of these young people in Australia. DISCUSSION: Teenage mothers may have experienced family, sexual, and partner violence, family disruption, and socioeconomic disadvantage...
October 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687242/sociocultural-factors-contributing-to-teenage-pregnancy-in-zomba-district-malawi
#14
Nanzen Caroline Kaphagawani, Ezekiel Kalipeni
This study explores sociocultural and other risk factors associated with unplanned teenage pregnancy in Zomba district of Malawi. Data were obtained from 505 participants under the age of 20 years using a questionnaire administered through face-to-face interviews held at five antenatal clinics. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, frequency tables and chi-square analysis which allowed comparative understanding of the sociocultural risk factors for planned and unplanned teenage pregnancy in Zomba district...
September 30, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685083/beyond-love-a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-teenage-pregnancy-among-young-women-with-pregnancy-experience-in-bolgatanga-ghana
#15
John Kingsley Krugu, Fraukje Mevissen, Meret Münkel, Robert Ruiter
Globally, an estimated 16 million young women aged 15 to 19 years give birth every year. Most teenage pregnancies are unintended and being pregnant or delivering a baby as a teenager can have serious adverse consequences. Knowledge of the environmental factors and social cognitive determinants influencing young women's failure to protect against unintended pregnancy is necessary to address the high rate of teenage pregnancies. We conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews with 21 young women, who had experience of pregnancy, in Bolgatanga, Ghana...
August 16, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662224/struggling-with-motherhood-and-coping-with-fatherhood-a-grounded-theory-study-among-thai-teenagers
#16
Atcharawadee Sriyasak, Anna-Lena Almqvist, Chaweewan Sridawruang, Wanwadee Neamsakul, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin
OBJECTIVE: to gain a deeper understanding of Thai teenage parents' perspectives, experiences and reasoning about becoming and being a teenage parent from a gender perspective. DESIGN: an exploratory design using grounded theory methodology. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. An interview guide was developed, a pilot study was undertaken, and interviews were performed on two different occasions: once during the second trimester of pregnancy and again when the infant was 5-6 months old...
September 13, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644124/social-capital-and-adolescent-girls-resilience-to-teenage-pregnancy-in-begoro-ghana
#17
Sylvia Esther Gyan, Collins Ahorlu, Dan-Bright S Dzorgbo, Clara K Fayorsey
This study focuses on how older adolescent girls access and utilize social capital to develop resilience against teenage pregnancy in Begoro, Ghana. A survey of 419 non-pregnant girls aged 15-19 years, selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique, was conducted in 2012. Qualitative data were gathered through in-depth interviews with ten girls purposively selected from the survey respondents. Parents, relatives, teachers and religious groups were found to be important sources of social capital for the non-pregnant girls in developing resilience against teenage pregnancy...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624812/the-impact-of-sexuality-concerns-on-teenage-pregnancy-a-consequence-of-heteronormativity
#18
C Thomas Farrell, Alexis Clyde, Madhuri Katta, John Bolland
In countries such as the USA, a substantial percentage of teenage pregnancies are intentional, and desire for pregnancy increases risk. Black US Americans have been found to be less accepting of homosexuality than their non-Black peers, which may result in minority ethnic teenagers demonstrating heterosexual orientation through attempting pregnancy. Young, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans were surveyed longitudinally regarding attitudes about their sexuality, pregnancy intentions and other psychosocial factors...
September 13, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598434/health-information-seeking-behaviours-among-pregnant-teenagers-in-ejisu-juaben-municipality-ghana
#19
Sally B Owusu-Addo, Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Emmanuel S K Morhe
OBJECTIVE: to examine health information-seeking behaviours among pregnant teenagers. DESIGN: qualitative design using semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The study followed the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Studies (COREQ). SETTINGS/PARTICIPANTS: antenatal clinic at Ejisu Government hospital, Ghana. Twenty eight pregnant teenagers aged 15-19 and one midwife participated in the study. METHOD: the participants were interviewed in person at the antenatal clinic...
October 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589883/factors-associated-with-short-interpregnancy-interval-in-women-who-plan-postpartum-larc-a-retrospective-study
#20
Clare Harney, Annie Dude, Sadia Haider
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancies conceived after a short interpregnancy interval (IPI), within 18 months of delivery, and unintended pregnancies are both associated with health risks. We studied risk factors for conception after a short IPI among postpartum women who plan long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of a cohort of women who delivered at University of Illinois Hospital from 2005 to 2010 and were discharged with a plan for interval LARC was performed...
August 30, 2016: Contraception
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