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Small intestine bacterial overgrowth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078798/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-rifaximin-is-effective-and-safe-for-the-treatment-of-small-intestine-bacterial-overgrowth
#1
REVIEW
L Gatta, C Scarpignato
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a heterogeneous syndrome, characterised by an increased number and/or abnormal type of bacteria in the small bowel. Over the past decades, rifaximin has gained popularity for this indication despite its use is not evidence based. AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise evidence about the efficacy and safety of rifaximin to eradicate SIBO in adult patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CCRCT, Scopus and Web of Science were searched from inception to March 16, 2015 for RCTs and observational studies...
January 12, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030512/risk-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-with-chronic-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-children
#2
Kristen Cares, Namir Al-Ansari, Suhasini Macha, Najeeb Zoubi, Hazim Zaghloul, Ron Thomas, Patricia Lalinsky, Mohammad El-Baba
BACKGROUND: Some theorize that prolonged use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the risk of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Chronic acid suppression and resultant hypochlorhydria may lead to an altered intraluminal environment, which, in turn, may promote the growth of bacteria in the small intestine. A handful of studies measured the risk of SIBO in adults taking PPIs and obtained mixed results; however, this risk has not been exclusively measured in children...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013205/clinical-correlates-of-faecal-incontinence-in-systemic-sclerosis-identifying-therapeutic-avenues
#3
Nicolas Richard, Marie Hudson, Geneviève Gyger, Murray Baron, Evelyn Sutton, Nader Khalidi, Janet E Pope, Nathalie Carrier, Maggie Larché, Alexandra Albert, Paul R Fortin, Carter Thorne, Ariel Masetto
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish the prevalence and severity of faecal incontinence (FI) in SSc, its association with other intestinal manifestations and potential predictors of FI, and its impact on quality of life. METHODS: A multicentre, cross-sectional study of 298 SSc subjects followed in the Canadian Scleroderma Research Group cohort was performed using validated questionnaires: Jorge-Wexner score (an FI severity scale), Bristol stool scale (a visual scale of stool consistency) and FI Quality-of-Life scale...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965476/positive-glucose-breath-tests-in-patients-with-hysterectomy-gastrectomy-and-cholecystectomy
#4
Dae Bum Kim, Chang-Nyol Paik, Yeon Ji Kim, Ji Min Lee, Kyong-Hwa Jun, Woo Chul Chung, Kang-Moon Lee, Jin-Mo Yang, Myung-Gyu Choi
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients undergoing abdominal surgeries, such as gastrectomy, cholecystectomy, and hysterectomy. Methods: One hundred seventy-one patients with surgery (50 hysterectomy, 14 gastrectomy, and 107 cholecystectomy), 665 patients with functional gastrointestinal disease (FGID) and 30 healthy controls undergoing a hydrogen (H₂)-methane (CH₄) glucose breath test (GBT) were reviewed...
December 16, 2016: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930853/association-between-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#5
Xuan Cheng, Lu Zhang, Nan-Chang Xie, Hong-Liang Xu, Ya-Jun Lian
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal dysfunction and vein thrombosis are well-known acute complications after spinal cord injuries (SCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with SCI. METHODS: A total of 377 consecutive eligible patients with SCI tested for SIBO using glucose hydrogen (H2)/methane(CH4) breath test from January 2011 to December 2015 and who also had venous ultrasound study for suspected DVT were evaluated within 3 months after admission...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916156/small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-a-primary-care-review
#6
REVIEW
Edward J Krajicek, Stephanie L Hansel
Gastrointestinal symptoms are commonly seen in the primary care setting.(1) These patient presentations can be nonspecific, leading to a broad differential diagnosis. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is a clinical entity that can present with many of these nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms. The recent interest in the microbiome by those in the medical and lay communities has made this syndrome all the more relevant. This review gives the primary care provider an up-to-date understanding of the etiology, risk factors and predisposing factors, presentation, diagnostic testing, and management of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth...
December 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895414/hepatic-encephalopathy-ever-closer-to-its-big-bang
#7
EDITORIAL
Pablo A Souto, Ariel R Marcotegui, Lisandro Orbea, Juan Skerl, Juan Carlos Perazzo
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that commonly complicates the course of patients with liver disease. Despite the fact that the syndrome was probably first recognized hundreds of years ago, the exact pathogenesis still remains unclear. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the earliest form of HE and is estimated to affect more that 75% of patients with liver cirrhosis. It is characterized by cognitive impairment predominantly attention, reactiveness and integrative function with very subtle clinical manifestations...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890460/prevalence-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-control-study-from-china
#8
Yongbo Zhang, Guoyi Liu, Yuanli Duan, Xinwen Han, Huihua Dong, Jia Geng
OBJECTIVE: It's hypothesized that gastrointestinal microbiota might play an important role in pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in MS patients compared with sex and age matched controls without MS. METHODS: The present study was a case-control type, it included 118 patients with definitive MS and 118 age-sex matched controls. Progression of disability was assessed using the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (MSSS)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806652/macronutrient-intakes-in-overweight-adolescents-with-or-without-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#9
Ana Paula Bidutte Cortez, Mauro Fisberg, Mauro Batista de Morais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733912/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#10
Gabriele Capurso, Marianna Signoretti, Livia Archibugi, Serena Stigliano, Gianfranco Delle Fave
BACKGROUND: Evidence on small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) is conflicting. AIM: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of SIBO in CP and to examine the relationship of SIBO with symptoms and nutritional status. METHODS: Case-control and cross-sectional studies investigating SIBO in CP patients were analysed. The prevalence of positive tests was pooled across studies, and the rate of positivity between CP cases and controls was calculated...
October 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716759/-correlation-between-the-presence-and-intensity-of-symptoms-and-the-results-of-hydrogen-breath-tests-in-the-diagnosis-of-carbohydrate-intolerance
#11
María Teresa Sánchez-Ávila, Karla Lorena Chávez Caraza, Adrián Marcelo González Gil, Jaime Javier Cantú Pompa, Edgar Moreno Medrano, Luis Alonso Morales-Garza
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen breath tests (HBT) are used to confirm the diagnosis of carbohydrate intolerance or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). OBJECTIVE: Determine the existence of a correlation between the presence and intensity of symptoms experimented by the patient after the ingestion of a carbohydrate load and the test result. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational, retrospective and analytic study, in which all patients' files from year 2008 to 2014 containing a report of a HBT performed at Hospital San José TEC de Monterrey were revised...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698331/small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Małgorzata Bulanda, Tomasz Gosiewski, Monika Brzychczy-Włoch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681080/clinical-experience-with-the-use-of-anti-cdtb-and-anti-vinculin-antibodies-in-patients-with-diarrhea-in-mexico
#13
M Schmulson, R Balbuena, C Corona de Law
INTRODUCTION: Circulating anti-CdtB/anti-vinculin antibodies have been validated as biomarkers to distinguish IBS-D from IBD, but there is no experience with them in Latin America. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis was carried out on patients seen at a FGIDs/motility clinic over the last 7 months for diarrhea with abdominal pain and/or bloating who were tested for these antibodies. The patients were diagnosed according to the Rome III criteria or with organic disorders, and those presenting with IBS were further classified as post-infectious (PI) or non-PI-IBS...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652124/is-it-bowel-associated-dermatosis-arthritis-syndrome-induced-by-small-intestinal-bacteria-overgrowth
#14
Hongjun Zhao, Lijuan Zhao, Wei Shi, Hui Luo, Liping Duan, Yunhui You, Yisha Li, Xiaoxia Zuo
INTRODUCTION: Bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome is rare systemic diseases characterized by a prodrome of fever, chills, and influenza-like symptoms with subsequent skin eruptions, myalgias, and polyarthralgias. It is reported to be occurred in Intestinal bypass surgery and inflammatory bowel disease. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein, we described a 29-years-old man with Bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome. He had no history of gastrointestinal surgery and inflammatory bowel disease...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650225/lubiprostone-accelerates-intestinal-transit-and-alleviates-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#15
Irene Sarosiek, Mohammad Bashashati, Alicia Alvarez, Mark Hall, Nagasri Shankar, Yvette Gomez, Richard W McCallum, Jerzy Sarosiek
BACKGROUND: Lubiprostone is an effective treatment for chronic constipation (CC). The mechanism of action of lubiprostone is through increasing fluid secretion and lubrication of the intestinal lumen. The effects of lubiprostone on gastrointestinal transit and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) have not been adequately explored. The current study was designed to investigate whether lubiprostone (1) alters gastrointestinal transit and (2) affects SIBO in patients with constipation...
September 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648298/utility-of-wireless-motility-capsule-and-lactulose-breath-testing-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-chronic-functional-bloating
#16
George Triadafilopoulos
BACKGROUND: The precise aetiology of chronic bloating remains poorly understood and underlying gastroparesis, small bowel bacterial overgrowth and colonic inertia may, individually or collectively, play a role. AIMS: In this retrospective cohort analysis of symptomatic patients with chronic persistent bloating, we determined the clinical utility of wireless motility capsule and lactulose breath test in further defining the underlying aetiology for functional bloating...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608906/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-associated-with-high-methane-production-during-lactulose-breath-test
#17
F Del Zompo, V Ojetti, D Feliciani, F Mangiola, C Petruzziello, V Tesori, E Gaetani, A Gasbarrini, F Franceschi
OBJECTIVE: Despite a growing interest toward the interplay between H. pylori and gastric microbiota, few data are available about this correlation. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between H. pylori infection and gas production during lactulose breath test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients undergoing both 13C-urea breath test (UBT) and lactulose breath test (LBT) under standard conditions in our GI unit were retrospectively analyzed. GI symptoms, such as dyspepsia, bloating, abdominal pain/discomfort, and epigastric pain on an eleven-point scale were also analyzed and correlate with the results of those tests...
August 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607915/ischemia-reperfusion-injury-alters-sphingolipid-metabolism-in-the-gut
#18
Richard S Hoehn, Aaron P Seitz, Peter L Jernigan, Erich Gulbins, Michael J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. Ceramide is a mediator of apoptosis and has been implicated as increasing bacterial infection susceptibility. The metabolite of ceramide, sphingosine, was recently shown to play an important role in the cell-autonomous, innate immune response of the upper respiratory tract by killing bacterial pathogens. The role of ceramide and/or sphingosine after mesenteric I/R is unknown...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589873/prevalence-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Xiao-Lu Niu, Li Liu, Zhi-Xiu Song, Qing Li, Zhi-Hua Wang, Jian-Long Zhang, He-Hua Li
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with gastrointestinal motility abnormalities that could favor the occurrence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of SIBO in Chinese patients with PD and the potential impact of SIBO on gastrointestinal symptoms and motor function. 182 consecutive Chinese patients with PD patients and 200 sex, age, and BMI-matched subjects without PD were included. All participants underwent the glucose breath test to assess SIBO...
December 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586816/functional-13-c-urea-and-glucose-hydrogen-methane-breath-tests-reveal-significant-association-of-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-in-individuals-with-active-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#20
Dietmar Enko, Gernot Kriegshäuser
OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori infection is considered to alter the bacterial flora in the upper gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed at investigating the presence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with active H. pylori infection assessed by functional breath testing. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 109 outpatients, who were referred for the H. pylori(13)C-urea breath test ((13)C-UBT) by general practitioners and specialists, were also tested for the presence of SIBO by the glucose hydrogen (H2)/methane (CH4) breath test (HMBT)...
January 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
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