keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Defecatory Dysfunction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727374/differences-in-pelvic-floor-symptoms-during-pregnancy-between-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#1
Hanna M Saltzman, Marlene J Egger, Tyler Bardsley, Qian Ding, Janet M Shaw, Ingrid E Nygaard
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and compare pelvic floor symptoms and symptom burden between nulliparous Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women in the third trimester of pregnancy and to determine, in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), whether bother differs between groups, adjusted for UI severity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, participants completed the Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence and Incontinence Severity Index questionnaires...
April 28, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665980/quality-of-life-and-anterior-resection-syndrome-after-surgery-for-mid-to-low-rectal-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Loris Trenti, Ana Galvez, Sebastiano Biondo, Alejandro Solis, Francesc Vallribera-Valls, Eloy Espin-Basany, Alvaro Garcia-Granero, Esther Kreisler
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life (QoL), low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) and fecal incontinence after surgery for mid to low rectal cancer and its relationship with the type of surgical procedure performed. METHODS: A cross-sectional cohort survey study of 358 patients operated on for mid to low rectal cancer. Patients were included in three groups: abdominoperineal resection (APR), low mechanical colorectal anastomosis (CRA) and hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis (CAA)...
April 4, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629963/health-care-seeking-characteristics-of-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury
#3
Jon F Pennycuff, Deborah R Karp, Julia Shinnick, Catherine O Hudson, Gina M Northington
OBJECTIVES: Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) is a potentially serious complication of vaginal delivery and can lead to both short-term and long-term sequelae. This study sought to identify health care seeking patterns of women who developed pelvic floor symptoms including pelvic pain after OASIS. It also identified demographic and clinical factors associated with seeking subspecialty care from a pelvic floor specialist and demographic and clinical factors associated with seeking care for pelvic pain after OASIS...
April 6, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337779/does-ventral-rectopexy-improve-pelvic-floor-function-in-the-long-term
#4
Johanna Mäkelä-Kaikkonen, Tero Rautio, Matti Kairaluoma, Monika Carpelan-Holmström, Jyrki Kössi, Anna Rautio, Pasi Ohtonen, Jyrki Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: Information is needed on long-term functional results, sequelas, and outcome predictors for laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term function postventral rectopexy in patients with external rectal prolapse or internal rectal prolapse in a large cohort and to identify the possible effects of patient-related factors and operative technical details on patient-reported outcomes. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review with a cross-sectional questionnaire study...
February 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064971/practice-bulletin-no-185-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#5
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect qual-ity of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (2). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% (3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064965/practice-bulletin-no-185-summary-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#6
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect qual-ity of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (2). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% (3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064840/the-assessment-and-management-of-defecatory-dysfunction-a-critical-appraisal
#7
Leila Neshatian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the advances in diagnostic modalities and management options for defecatory dysfunction and highlight the areas in need of further research. RECENT FINDINGS: The diagnostic utility of high-resolution anorectal manometry (ARM), which has emerged as a promising tool for the diagnosis of defecatory dysfunction, appears to be questionable in differentiating disease from normal physiology. There also seems to be discrepancy between results of various tests of anorectal function in the diagnosis of defecatory dysfunction...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934892/faecal-incontinence-a-narrative-review-of-clinic-based-management-for-the-general-gynaecologist
#8
Kathryn S Williams, Dara F Shalom, Harvey A Winkler
The objective of this article is to provide an informative and narrative review for the general Gynaecologist regarding the pathophysiology and conservative treatments available for faecal incontinence (FI). A PubMed search was performed by library staff and an author using the keywords: anal incontinence, faecal incontinence, accidental bowel leakage, outpatient clinic management of faecal incontinence and defecatory dysfunction. As the social limitations of FI can be devastating and long-term patient satisfaction rates after anal sphincteroplasty remain reportedly-low, the role of clinic-based management of FI has continued to grow...
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668155/mr-imaging-of-the-pelvic-floor
#9
REVIEW
Gaurav Khatri, Alberto Diaz de Leon, Mark E Lockhart
Pelvic floor dysfunction is a term used to describe a broad set of conditions including pelvic organ prolapse, urinary or fecal incontinence, defecatory dysfunction, and chronic pelvic pain that frequently affects multiple compartments of the pelvic floor. Imaging is important, because physical examination may not be adequate as the only means of evaluating pelvic floor disorders. This article reviews pertinent pelvic floor anatomy as well as the technique for performing, interpreting, and reporting abnormalities seen on MR defecography examinations in the anterior, middle, and posterior compartments...
August 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544473/level-of-vascular-tie-and-its-effect-on-functional-outcome-2%C3%A2-years-after-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#10
D Kverneng Hultberg, A A Afshar, J Rutegård, M Lange, M M Haapamäki, P Matthiessen, M Rutegård
AIM: Previous research indicates that high tie of the inferior mesenteric artery during anterior resection for rectal cancer might be associated with an increased risk of postoperative functional disturbances. The goal of this population-based retrospective cohort study was to further investigate that association. METHOD: Patients who underwent anterior resection for rectal cancer from April 2011 to September 2012 were identified through the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry...
November 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374259/anorectal-complications-after-robotic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#11
Li-Jen Kuo, James Chi-Yong Ngu, Yan-Jiun Huang, Yen-Kuang Lin, Chia-Che Chen, Yiu-Shun Tong, Szu-Chia Huang, Chia-Chen Hu, Shu-Hwa Tan
BACKGROUND: Robotic intersphincteric resection (ISR) has been introduced for sphincter-preservation in the treatment of low rectal cancer. However, many patients experience anorectal symptoms and defecatory dysfunction after ISR. This study aims to evaluate the anorectal complications that develop after ISR. METHODS: The medical records of 108 patients who underwent robotic ISR at Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan between December 2011 and June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333818/practice-bulletin-no-176-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#12
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% ()...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333810/practice-bulletin-no-176-summary-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#13
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (2). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% (3)...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265708/clinical-impact-of-bowel-symptoms-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders
#14
José Ananias Vasconcelos Neto, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Sthela Maria Murad Regadas, Leonardo Robson Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra, Kathiane Augusto Lustosa, Sara Arcanjo Lino Karbage
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlations between the POP-Q Bp point and the perineal body (Pb) and genital hiatus (Gh) measurements and constipation, anal incontinence, severity of symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: The patients were distributed into two groups according to the posterior vaginal wall Bp point: one group with Bp ≤-1 (without posterior vaginal wall prolapse, control group) and the other group with Bp ≥0 (with posterior vaginal wall prolapse, case group)...
September 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237854/a-randomized-trial-of-relamorelin-for-constipation-in-parkinson-s-disease-move-pd-trial-results-and-lessons-learned
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Bowel dysfunction, including both slow transit constipation and defecatory dysfunction, is a frequent and often troubling nonmotor manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD). A variety of agents are employed for the treatment of constipation in PD, but dissatisfaction with available treatment approaches is common. Relamorelin is a synthetic ghrelin agonist that has demonstrated prokinetic properties within the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: We carried out a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of relamorelin in patients with PD experiencing chronic, inadequately controlled constipation...
April 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106652/prospective-outcomes-of-a-pelvic-floor-rehabilitation-program-including-vaginal-electrogalvanic-stimulation-for-urinary-defecatory-and-pelvic-pain-symptoms
#16
Jennifer J Schmitt, Ruchira Singh, Amy L Weaver, Kristin C Mara, Randina R Harvey-Springer, Felecia R Fick, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated our experience after implementing a pelvic floor rehabilitation program including behavioral modification, biofeedback, and vaginal electrogalvanic stimulation (EGS). METHODS: This prospective cohort study evaluated outcomes of patients with pelvic floor dysfunction (urinary or defecatory dysfunction, pelvic pain/dyspareunia) who underwent pelvic floor rehabilitation. Patients received 4 to 7 sessions (1 every 2 weeks) including biofeedback and concluded with 30 minutes of vaginal EGS...
March 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926562/long-term-experience-of-magnetic-anal-sphincter-augmentation-in-patients-with-fecal-incontinence
#17
Jeremy Sugrue, Paul-Antoine Lehur, Robert D Madoff, Shane McNevin, Steen Buntzen, Søren Laurberg, Anders Mellgren
BACKGROUND: Magnetic anal sphincter augmentation is a novel technique for the treatment of patients with fecal incontinence. OBJECTIVE: The current study reports the long-term effectiveness and safety of this new treatment modality. DESIGN: This was a prospective multicenter pilot study. SETTINGS: The study was performed at 4 clinical sites in Europe and the United States. PATIENTS: The cohort included patients with severe fecal incontinence for ≥6 months who had previously failed conservative therapy and were implanted with a magnetic anal sphincter device between 2008 and 2011...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833469/a-novel-approach-to-mesh-revision-after-sacrocolpopexy
#18
Melissa L Dawson, Rinko Rebecca, Nima M Shah, Kristene E Whitmore
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs to or beyond the vaginal walls. POP affects 50% of parous women; of those women, 11% will need surgery based on bothersome symptoms. Transvaginal mesh has been used for vaginal augmentation since the 1990s. Complications from mesh use are now more prominent, and include chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, vaginal mesh erosion, and urinary and defecatory dysfunction. Presently, there is no consensus regarding treatment of these complications. Reported herein are two cases of women with defecatory dysfunction and pain after sacrocolpopexy who underwent mesh revision procedures performed with both urogynecologic and colorectal surgery...
2016: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647462/the-importance-of-a-high-rectal-pressure-on-strain-in-constipated-patients-implications-for-biofeedback-therapy
#19
Y Mazor, R Hansen, G Prott, J Kellow, A Malcolm
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with chronic constipation display a relatively high manometric rectal pressure on strain. We hypothesized that these patients represent a unique phenotype of functional defecatory disorder (FDD) and would benefit from undergoing anorectal biofeedback (BF). METHODS: Of 138 consecutive patients with chronic constipation and symptoms of FDD, 19 were defined as having a high rectal pressure on strain, using a statistically derived cut-off of 78 mm Hg...
March 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644075/neuroprotective-and-immunomodulatory-effects-of-raloxifene-in-the-myenteric-plexus-of-a-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Andrée-Anne Poirier, Mélissa Côté, Mélanie Bourque, Marc Morissette, Thérèse Di Paolo, Denis Soulet
Motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) are often preceded by nonmotor symptoms related to dysfunctions of the autonomic nervous system such as constipation, defecatory problems, and delayed gastric emptying. These gastrointestinal impairments are associated with the alteration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons in the myenteric plexus of the gut. Recently, we demonstrated the anti-inflammatory properties of estrogens to treat intestinal neurodegeneration in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
keyword
keyword
53111
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"