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Ionic liquid

D Spasiano, A Siciliano, M Race, R Marotta, M Guida, R Andreozzi, F Pirozzi
Imidazole-based compounds are used as reagents for the manufacturing of other compounds including imidazolium-based ionic liquids, which have been recently proposed as a green alternative to conventional solvents. Since some imidazole-based compounds have been demonstrated to be harmful to aquatic organisms, the removal of imidazole, 1-methylimidazole, 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride and 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride from aqueous solutions was attempted by biological oxidation, direct UV254 photolysis, and UV254/H2O2 process at pH 5...
October 11, 2016: Water Research
Vitthal B Saptal, Bhalchandra M Bhanage
A series of highly efficient, bifunctional ionic liquids containing a quaternary alkyl ammonium cation and an amine anion were prepared from choline and amino acids, respectively. Nine ILs were synthesized, characterized, and applied as organocatalysts for the chemical fixation of carbon dioxide to form cyclic carbonates and quinazoline-2,4(1 H,3 H)-diones. A binary mixture of an IL and a co-catalysts generates deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and accelerates the rate of the cycloaddition reaction at atmospheric pressure and low temperature (70 °C)...
October 20, 2016: ChemSusChem
Bratindranath Mukherjee, Swagotom Sarker, Eric Crone, Pawan Pathak, Vaidyanathan Ravi Subramanian
This work presents a hitherto unreported approach to assemble a 1D oxide-1D chalcogenide heterostructured photoactive film. As a representative system, bismuth (Bi), a low melting point catalyst, facilitated 1D CdSe nanowires are directly grown on anodized 1D-TiO2 nanotube (T_NT). A combination of the reductive successive-ionic-layer-adsorption-reaction (R-SILAR) and the solution-liquid-solid (S-L-S) approach is implemented towards the assembly of this heterostructure, reported in this 1D-1D form for the first time...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nobuo Kimizuka, Nobuhiro Yanai, Masa-Aki Morikawa
Self-assembly of functional molecules into ordered molecular assemblies and fulfillment of potentials unique to their nano-to-mesoscopic structures have been one of the central challenges in chemistry. This Feature Article provides an overview of recent progress in the field of molecular self-assembly with the focus on the triplet-triplet annihilation-based photon upconversion (TTA-UC) and supramolecular storage of photon energy. Based on the integration of molecular self-assembly and photon energy harvesting, triplet energy migration-based TTA-UC has been achieved in varied molecular systems...
October 19, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
M T Camci, P Aydogan, B Ulgut, C Kocabas, S Suzer
We present an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) investigation of potential screening across two gold electrodes fabricated on a porous polymer surface which is impregnated with the ionic liquid (IL) N-N-diethyl-N-methyl-N-(2-methoxyethyl)ammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [DEME-TFSI]. The IL provides a sheet of conducting layers to the insulating polymer film, and allows monitoring charging and screening dynamics at the polymer + IL/vacuum interface in a laterally resolved fashion across the electrodes...
October 19, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jing Li, Tengfei Fan, Yong Xu, Xuemin Wu
Emulsifiers for pesticide microemulsions contain a part of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and ionic liquids (ILs) are becoming potential substitutes. In order to apply ILs in pesticide microemulsions, the study of interaction between ILs and surfactants is necessary. Therefore, the surface properties and aggregation of anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in ILs, including N-hexyl-N-methylmorpholinyl bromide ([C6mm][Br]), N-hexyl-N-methylpiperidyl bromide ([C6mp][Br]), N-hexyl-N-methylpyrrolidyl bromide ([C6mpyr][Br]), N-octyl-N-methylpyrrolidyl bromide ([C8mpyr][Br]), N-dodecyl-N-methylpyrrolidyl bromide ([C12mpyr][Br]) and N-hexadecyl-N-methylpyrrolidyl bromide ([C16mpyr][Br]), were investigated in terms of surface tension, conductivity, dynamic light scattering (DLS), viscosity, fluorescence, pseudo-ternary phase diagram and (1)H NMR measurements...
October 19, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Huazi Wang, Lu Hu, Wanzhen Li, Runhua Lu, Sanbing Zhang, Wenfeng Zhou, Haixiang Gao
A pretreatment method using in-syringe dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the direct solidification of ionic liquids before high performance liquid chromatography analysis was developed for the determination of benzoylurea insecticides (BUs) in honey samples. The hydrophobic ionic liquid [N4444][PF6], formed in situ by the hydrophilic ionic liquid [N4444]Cl and the ion exchange reagent KPF6, was used to extract the target analytes. The entire extraction procedure was performed in a syringe. The extractant was solidified at room temperature and collected using a nylon membrane filter...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Qiangliang Yu, Yang Wu, DongMei Li, Meirong Cai, Feng Zhou, Weimin Liu
A new class of ionic liquid gels (ionogels) is prepared through the supramolecular self-assembly of imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) bearing the urea group as gelators in normal ILs. The ILs gelator can self-assemble through hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction to form analogous lamellar structures and solidify base ILs. The obtained ionogels exhibit superior anticorrosion and conductivity characteristics. Moreover, ionogels show fully thermoreversible and favorable thixotropic characteristics, such that they can be used as high-performance semisolid conductive lubricants...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Kaihong Chen, Guiling Shi, Weidong Zhang, Haoran Li, Congmin Wang
A strategy to highly efficient synthesis of 3(2H)-furanones by hydration of diyne alcohols, catalyzed by base-functionalized ionic liquids and atmospheric pressure of CO2 through the computer-assisted design, was reported. The best range of basic ionic liquid as catalyst was predicted at first, and [HDBU][BenIm] exhibited a higher catalytic activity. Through a combination of NMR spectroscopic investigation and quantum chemical calculation, the results indicated the importance of the basicity of the anion and the species of cation in ionic liquids...
October 18, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Xuehang Wang, Haitao Zhou, Fengliu Lou, Yahao Li, Marthe E M Buan, Xuezhi Duan, John C Walmsley, Edel Sheridan, De Chen
The specific energy of a supercapacitor (SC) with an ionic liquid (IL)-based electrolyte is larger than that using an aqueous electrolyte owing to the wide operating voltage window provided by the IL. However, the wide-scale application of high-energy SCs using ILs is limited owing to a serious reduction of the energy with increasing power. The introduction of macropores to the porous material can mitigate the reduction in the gravimetric capacitance at high rates, but this lowers the volumetric capacitance...
October 18, 2016: ChemSusChem
Hsin-Yi Li, Chien-Yuan Chen, Hui-Ting Cheng, Yen-Ho Chu
Based on a common structural core of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro[1,2,3]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine, a number of bicyclic triazolium ionic liquids 1-3 were designed and successfully prepared. In our hands, this optimized synthesis of ionic liquids 1 and 2 requires no chromatographic separation. Also in this work, ionic liquids 1, 2 were shown to be efficient ionic solvents for fast synthesis of tryptanthrin natural product. Furthermore, a new affinity ionic liquid 3 was tailor-synthesized and displayed its effectiveness in chemoselective extraction of both Cu(II) ions and, for the first time, histidine-containing peptides...
October 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Christopher A Little, Stanislav V Sokolov, Enno Kätelhön, Giorgia Zampardi, Richard G Compton
The lipid soluble fluorophore Nile Red (9-diethylamino-5-benzo[α]phenoxazinone) is used to fluorescently and electrochemically label an organic-in-water emulsion, where the organic phase is an ionic liquid [P6,6,6,14][FAP]/toluene mixture. The optical detection of the individual droplets is enabled facilitating the in-situ tracking and sizing of the suspended particles (average diameter = 530 nm, interquartile range = 180 nm). Through the use of a combined thin-layer optical/electrochemical cell, the irreversible accumulation of the droplets at an optically opaque carbon fibre electrode (diameter ~ 7...
October 17, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Yu-Fei Song, Tengfei Li, Zelin Wang, Wei Chen, Haralampos N Miras
Intercalation catalysts, owing to the modular and accessible gallery and unique inter-lamellar chemical environment, have shown wide application in various catalytic reactions. However, the poor mass transfer between the active components of the intercalated catalysts and organic substrates is one of the challenges that limit their further application. Herein, we fabricate a novel heterogeneous catalyst by intercalating the polyoxometalate (POM) of Na9LaW10O36·32H2O (LaW10) into layered double hydroxides (LDHs), which has been covalently anchored by ionic liquids (ILs)...
October 17, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Maolin Sha, Yusheng Liu, Huaze Dong, Fabao Luo, Fangling Jiang, Zhongfeng Tang, Guanglai Zhu, Guozhong Wu
Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are generally considered as structurally heterogeneous with inherent polar/apolar phase separation. However, even after a decade of research, local dynamics in the heterogeneous structures of ILs remain neglected. Such local dynamics may influence the ion transport of electrolytes, as well as the reaction rate of solvents. In this study, we performed molecular dynamics simulation to analyze the local dynamics for the structural heterogeneity of ILs. Calculations of the diffusion, reorientation, and association dynamics showed a distinct heterogeneous dynamics between the polar and apolar regions of ILs...
October 17, 2016: Soft Matter
Zaizhi Liu, Lu Qiao, Fengjian Yang, Huiyan Gu, Lei Yang
3-methyl-1-(4-sulfonylbutyl) imidazolium hydrogensulfate, [HO3S(CH2)4mim]HSO4, was applied as an extractant in an ultrasound-microwave synergistic extraction approach to substitute conventional solvent for the extraction of pectin from the albedo part of pomelo peels. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and response surface method were employed for the optimization of the extraction conditions. A pectin yield of 328.64±4.19mg/g was achieved using the obtained optimal conditions, which was significantly higher than yields of conventional methods with reference solvents...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Tamara Pavić, Olga Gornik
Glycosylation of membrane proteins plays a crucial role in various physiological events, including intercellular recognition and intermolecular interactions on the cell surface (Gornik et al., Biochim Biophys Acta 1820:1318-1326, 2012). To study composition and function of N-glycans on membrane proteins one has to have an efficient and reproducible analytical method, which includes protein extraction and analysis of glycans. In this chapter we provide an analytical approach that includes cloud-point extraction (CPE) of total membrane proteins with the non-ionic detergent Triton X-114 and subsequent analysis of their N-glycans using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)-UPLC/HPLC...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Yu Yang, Wendy Ballent, Brooke K Mayer
Phosphorus (P) is a critical, nonrenewable nutrient; yet excess discharges can lead to eutrophication and deterioration of water quality. Thus, P removal from water must be coupled with P recovery to achieve sustainable P management. P-specific proteins provide a novel, promising approach to recover P from water. Bacterial phosphate binding proteins (PBP) are able to effectively remove phosphate, achieving extremely low levels in water (i.e., 0.015 mg-P L(-1)). A prerequisite of using PBP for P recovery, however, is not only removal, but also controlled P release, which has not yet been reported...
October 14, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Xi Sun, Lusheng Zhu, Jinhua Wang, Jun Wang, Benying Su, Tong Liu, Cheng Zhang, Chong Gao, Yuting Shao
Ionic liquids (ILs) were considered as "green" solvents and have been used widely because of their excellent properties. But ILs are not as "green" as has been suggested, and the toxic effects of ILs on organisms have been shown in recent years. In the present study, the toxic effects of the IL 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Omim]BF4) on soil enzyme activity and soil microbial communities at three different concentrations (1.0, 5.0 and 10.0mg/kg) and a control treatment over 40 days of incubation time (sampled on days 10, 20, 30 and 40) were examined under laboratory conditions...
October 11, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Jingting Zhu, Aibin Huang, Haibin Ma, Yining Ma, Kun Tong, Shidong Ji, Shanhu Bao, Xun Cao, Ping Jin
Vanadium dioxide (VO2), as a typical thermochromic material used in smart windows, is always limited by its weaker solar regulation efficiency (ΔTsol) and lower luminous transmittance (Tlum). Except for common approaches such as doping, coating and special structure, compositing is another effective method. The macroscopic thermochromic (from colorless to blue) ionic liquid-nickel-chlorine (IL-Ni-Cl) complexes are selected in this paper to be combined with VO2 nanoparticles forming a composite film. This novel scheme demonstrates outstanding optical properties: ΔTsol=26...
October 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kaihong Chen, Guiling Shi, Xiuyuan Zhou, Haoran Li, Congmin Wang
A novel method for highly efficient nitric oxide absorption by azole-based ionic liquid was reported. The NO absorption capacity reached up to 4.52 mol per mol ionic liquid and is significant higher than the capacity other traditional absorbents. Moreover, the absorption of NO by this ionic liquid was reversible. Through a combination of experimental absorption, quantum chemical calculation, NMR and FT-IR spectroscopic investigation, the results indicated that such high capacity originated from multiple-site interactions between NO and the anion through the formation of NONOate with the chemical formula R(1) R(2) N-(NO(-) )-N=O, where R(1) and R(2) are alkyl groups...
October 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
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