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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775462/analytical-scaling-relations-to-evaluate-leakage-and-intrusion-in-intermittent-water-supply-systems
#1
David D J Taylor, Alexander H Slocum, Andrew J Whittle
Intermittent water supplies (IWS) deliver piped water to one billion people; this water is often microbially contaminated. Contaminants that accumulate while IWS are depressurized are flushed into customers' homes when these systems become pressurized. In addition, during the steady-state phase of IWS, contaminants from higher-pressure sources (e.g., sewers) may continue to intrude where pipe pressure is low. To guide the operation and improvement of IWS, this paper proposes an analytic model relating supply pressure, supply duration, leakage, and the volume of intruded, potentially-contaminated, fluids present during flushing and steady-state...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763411/characteristics-and-health-care-resource-use-of-subjects-with-copd-in-the-year-before-initiating-lama-monotherapy-or-lama-laba-combination-therapy-a-u-s-database-study
#2
Saurabh Nagar, Jeetvan Patel, Richard H Stanford
PURPOSE: To characterize subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) newly initiated on long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA) or dual LAMA/long-acting β2-adrenergic agonist (LABA) therapy. DESIGN: This pilot/preliminary analysis was a retrospective crosssectional study of subjects with COPD from the Optum Impact National Managed Care Benchmark Database. METHODOLOGY: Subjects with at least one LAMA prescription in the index period (July 2008-June 2009) were included and stratified by treatment...
May 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761630/specifying-the-dimensions-of-aquatic-life-benchmark-values-in-clear-complete-and-justified-problem-formulations
#3
Glenn Suter
Nations that develop water quality benchmark values have relied primarily on standard data and methods. However, experience with chemicals such as Se, ammonia, and tributyltin has shown that standard methods do not adequately address some taxa, modes of exposure and effects. Development of benchmark values that are protective requires an explicit description of the issues, a problem formulation. In particular, the assessment endpoints and other dimensions should be specified for each chemical so that the necessary data will be obtained and appropriate analyses will be performed...
May 14, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756543/postdoctoral-opportunities-for-nursing-phd-graduates-a-resource-guide
#4
Maichou Lor, Tolu Oyesanya, Chen X Chen, Catherine Cherwin, Chooza Moon
Before completing a nursing PhD program, doctoral students are encouraged to seek out and apply for a position in one of many, often highly competitive postdoctoral programs. These programs include the more traditional National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded experiences, such as the T32, as well as the nontraditional institution funded positions, including the associate faculty role. Graduates often need guidance on which postdoctoral programs are available, the resources each program offers to promote development of the applicant's program of research, the disadvantages of each program, and what each program uses as benchmarks for success...
May 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756382/treatment-delays-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-national-cancer-database-analysis
#5
Elliot Morse, Rance J T Fujiwara, Benjamin Judson, Saral Mehra
OBJECTIVE: To characterize treatment delays in laryngeal cancer and associate delays with patient, tumor, and treatment factors and with overall survival. METHODS: We identified 33,819 adults with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2013. We calculated durations of diagnosis-to-treatment initiation, surgery-to-adjuvant treatment, radiotherapy duration, total treatment package, and diagnosis-to-treatment end intervals...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756355/development-and-validation-of-a-high-quality-composite-real-world-mortality-endpoint
#6
Melissa D Curtis, Sandra D Griffith, Melisa Tucker, Michael D Taylor, William B Capra, Gillis Carrigan, Ben Holzman, Aracelis Z Torres, Paul You, Brandon Arnieri, Amy P Abernethy
OBJECTIVE: To create a high-quality electronic health record (EHR)-derived mortality dataset for retrospective and prospective real-world evidence generation. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Oncology EHR data, supplemented with external commercial and US Social Security Death Index data, benchmarked to the National Death Index (NDI). STUDY DESIGN: We developed a recent, linkable, high-quality mortality variable amalgamated from multiple data sources to supplement EHR data, benchmarked against the highest completeness U...
May 14, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742129/a-snapshot-of-translational-research-funded-by-the-national-institutes-of-health-nih-a-case-study-using-behavioral-and-social-science-research-awards-and-clinical-and-translational-science-awards-funded-publications
#7
Xueying Han, Sharon R Williams, Brian L Zuckerman
The translation of biomedical research from basic knowledge to application has been a priority at the National Institute of Health (NIH) for many years. Tracking the progress of scientific research and knowledge through the translational process is difficult due to variation in the definition of translational research as well as the identification of benchmarks for the spread and application of biomedical research; quantitatively tracking this process is even more difficult. Using a simple and reproducible method to assess whether publications are translational, we examined NIH R01 behavioral and social science research (BSSR) awards funded between 2008 and 2014 to determine whether there are differences in the percent of translational research publications produced by basic and applied research awards...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735921/smelting-remains-a-public-health-risk-nearly-a-century-later-a-case-study-in-pueblo-colorado-usa
#8
Moussa M Diawara, Sofy Shrestha, Jim Carsella, Shanna Farmer
Pueblo, Colorado has a long history of smelting activities, and recent studies raised concerns about lead exposure. This study tested 240 children in Pueblo for blood lead levels (BLLs) and found a significant association between distance from old smelters and children BLLs. Around 7.5% of Pueblo children had BLLs above the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference level of 5 µg/dL for elevated BLL, and 18.3% had BLLs between 3.3⁻4.9 µg/dL. Out of the 36 children who lived near former smelters, 13...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731185/quality-of-cardiac-care-in-canada-recommendations-for-building-a-sustainable-future
#9
Courtney Young, Laurie Lambert, James Abel, Blair J O'Neill
Cardiovascular (CV) disease continues to present a significant disease and economic burden in Canada. To improve the quality of care and ensure sustainability of services, a national quality improvement initiative is required. The purpose of this analysis was to review the evidence for public reporting (PR) and external benchmarking (EB) to improve patient outcomes, and to recommend a strategy to improve CV care in Canada. To incorporate recent literature, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) commissioned the Institute of Health Economics to provide a rapid update on the literature of PR and EB...
January 31, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729508/bioactive-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-in-national-park-waters-of-the-northern-colorado-plateau-usa
#10
Rebecca H Weissinger, Brett R Blackwell, Kristen Keteles, William A Battaglin, Paul M Bradley
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), wastewater indicators (WWIs), and pesticides (herein, Contaminants of Emerging Concern [CECs]) have been documented in surface waters throughout the world and have associated risks to aquatic life. While much research has focused on temperate and urbanized watersheds, less is known about CEC presence in semi-arid landscapes, where water availability is limited and populations are low. CEC presence in water and sediment is reported for 21 sites in eight U.S...
May 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728066/evaluation-of-commercially-available-small-rnaseq-library-preparation-kits-using-low-input-rna
#11
Ashish Yeri, Amanda Courtright, Kirsty Danielson, Elizabeth Hutchins, Eric Alsop, Elizabeth Carlson, Michael Hsieh, Olivia Ziegler, Avash Das, Ravi V Shah, Joel Rozowsky, Saumya Das, Kendall Van Keuren-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Evolving interest in comprehensively profiling the full range of small RNAs present in small tissue biopsies and in circulating biofluids, and how the profile differs with disease, has launched small RNA sequencing (RNASeq) into more frequent use. However, known biases associated with small RNASeq, compounded by low RNA inputs, have been both a significant concern and a hurdle to widespread adoption. As RNASeq is becoming a viable choice for the discovery of small RNAs in low input samples and more labs are employing it, there should be benchmark datasets to test and evaluate the performance of new sequencing protocols and operators...
May 5, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727280/automated-chest-x-ray-screening-can-lung-region-symmetry-help-detect-pulmonary-abnormalities
#12
K C Santosh, Sameer Antani
Our primary motivator is the need for screening HIV+ populations in resource-constrained regions for exposure to Tuberculosis, using posteroanterior chest radiographs (CXRs). The proposed method is motivated by the observation that radiological examinations routinely conduct bilateral comparisons of the lung field. In addition, the abnormal CXRs tend to exhibit changes in the lung shape, size, and content (textures), and in overall, reflection symmetry between them. We analyze the lung region symmetry using multi-scale shape features, and edge plus texture features...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722751/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-and-intertriginous-dermatitis-as-nurse-sensitive-quality-indicators-a-delphi-study
#13
Mary Arnold-Long, Kevin Emmons, John D Chovan
PURPOSE: This purpose of this study was to determine whether consensus exists concerning the need to collect epidemiologic data about 2 forms of moisture-associated skin damage, incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) and intertriginous dermatitis (ITD), and whether these data should be part of data routinely collected as part of the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI). DESIGN: Modified Delphi technique. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Questionnaires were sent via e-mail to 50 identified experts, with an initial response of 17...
May 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722709/reach-for-the-stars
#14
Gina Panozzo
Star Ratings were implemented by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for home healthcare agencies with the first release of measures in 2015 and 2016. Hospital Compare also displays Star Ratings, and Hospice also will soon have the Hospice Information Set displayed on Hospice Compare. Star Ratings in home healthcare are determined by a specific methodology and are based on nine quality areas. One set of Stars designates the nine quality areas and a second set of Stars reflects consumer satisfaction...
May 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716489/governance-of-rapid-response-teams-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#15
S S Sethi, R Chalwin
Rapid response systems (RRS) in hospitals in Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) have been present for more than 20 years but governance of the efferent limb-the rapid response team (RRT)-has not been previously reported in detail. The objectives of this study were to describe current governance arrangements for RRTs within ANZ and contrast those against expected implementation, using the Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Health Care National Standard 9 (S9) as a benchmark. Assessment focused on S9 subclauses 9...
May 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715223/quality-of-care-in-hip-fracture-patients-the-relationship-between-adherence-to-national-standards-and-improved-outcomes
#16
Luke Farrow, Andrew Hall, Adrian D Wood, Rik Smith, Kate James, Graeme Holt, James Hutchison, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Optimizing the perioperative care of patients with a hip fracture is a key health-care priority. We aimed to determine whether adherence to the Scottish Standards of Care for Hip Fracture Patients (SSCHFP) was associated with improved patient outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data from the Scottish National Hip Fracture Audit, we assessed adherence to the SSCHFP in 21 Scottish hospitals over a 9-month period in 2014 and examined the effect of the guidelines on 30 and 120-day mortality, length of hospital stay, and discharge destination...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698120/use-of-free-libre-open-source-software-in-sepsis-omics-research-a-bibliometric-comparative-analysis-among-the-united-states-eu-28-member-states-and-china
#17
Nikolaos Evangelatos, Kapaettu Satyamourthy, Georgia Levidou, Helmut Brand, Pia Bauer, Christina Kouskouti, Angela Brand
"-Omics" systems sciences are at the epicenter of personalized medicine and public health, and drivers of knowledge-based biotechnology innovation. Bioinformatics, a core component of omics research, is one of the disciplines that first employed Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS), and thus provided a fertile ground for its further development. Understanding the use and characteristics of FLOSS deployed in the omics field is valuable for future innovation strategies, policy and funding priorities...
April 26, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689237/dutch-lung-surgery-audit-a-national-audit-comprising-lung-and-thoracic-surgery-patients
#18
Martijn Ten Berge, Naomi Beck, David Jonathan Heineman, Ronald Damhuis, Willem Hans Steup, Pieter Jan van Huijstee, Jan Peter Eerenberg, Eelco Veen, Alexander Maat, Michel Versteegh, Thomas van Brakel, Wilhemina Hendrika Schreurs, Michel Wilhelmus Wouters
BACKGROUND: The nationwide Dutch Lung Surgery Audit (DLSA) started in 2012 to monitor and evaluate the quality of lung surgery in the Netherlands as an improvement tool. This outline describes the establishment, structure and organization of the audit by the Dutch Society of Lung Surgeons (NVvL) and the Dutch Society of Cardiothoracic Surgeons (NVT), in collaboration with the Dutch Institute for Clinical Auditing (DICA). In addition, first four-year results are presented. METHODS: The NVvL and NVT initiated a web-based registration including weekly updated online feedback for participating hospitals...
April 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684180/benchmarking-the-physical-therapist-academic-environment-to-understand-the-student-experience
#19
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Kelly J Sass, Marcie Becker
Background: Identifying excellence in physical therapist academic environments is complicated by the lack of nationally available benchmarking data. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare a physical therapist academic environment to another health care profession (medicine) academic environment using the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) survey. Design: The design consisted of longitudinal benchmarking...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678991/measurement-properties-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-honos-family-of-measures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#20
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
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