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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445480/google-earth-elevation-data-extraction-and-accuracy-assessment-for-transportation-applications
#1
Yinsong Wang, Yajie Zou, Kristian Henrickson, Yinhai Wang, Jinjun Tang, Byung-Jung Park
Roadway elevation data is critical for a variety of transportation analyses. However, it has been challenging to obtain such data and most roadway GIS databases do not have them. This paper intends to address this need by proposing a method to extract roadway elevation data from Google Earth (GE) for transportation applications. A comprehensive accuracy assessment of the GE-extracted elevation data is conducted for the area of conterminous USA. The GE elevation data was compared with the ground truth data from nationwide GPS benchmarks and roadway monuments from six states in the conterminous USA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439218/pediatric-reference-intervals-for-biochemical-markers-gaps-and-challenges-recent-national-initiatives-and-future-perspectives
#2
Houman Tahmasebi, Victoria Higgins, Angela W S Fung, Dorothy Truong, Nicole M A White-Al Habeeb, Khosrow Adeli
Reference intervals provide valuable information to medical practitioners in their interpretation of quantitative laboratory test results, and are critical in the assessment of patient health and in clinical decision-making. The reference interval serves as a health-associated benchmark with which to compare an individual test result. While the concept of reference intervals and their utility appear straightforward, the process of establishing accurate and reliable reference intervals is considerably complex and involved...
March 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438432/the-weight-of-unfinished-plate-a-survey-based-characterization-of-restaurant-food-waste-in-chinese-cities
#3
Ling-En Wang, Gang Liu, Xiaojie Liu, Yao Liu, Jun Gao, Bin Zhou, Si Gao, Shengkui Cheng
Consumer food waste has attracted increasing public, academic, and political attention in recent years, due to its adverse resource, environmental, and socioeconomic impacts. The scales and patterns of consumer food waste, especially in developing countries, however, remain poorly understood, which may hinder the global effort of reducing food waste. In this study, based on a direct weighing method and a survey of 3557 tables in 195 restaurants in four case cities, we investigated the amount and patterns of restaurant food waste in China in 2015...
April 21, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438204/evidence-on-anti-malarial-and-diagnostic-markets-in-cambodia-to-guide-malaria-elimination-strategies-and-policies
#4
Sochea Phok, Dysoley Lek
BACKGROUND: Understanding Cambodia's anti-malarial and diagnostic landscape in 2015 is critical for informing and monitoring strategies and policies as Cambodia moves forward with national efforts to eliminate malaria. The aim of this paper is to present timely and key findings on the public and private sector anti-malarial and diagnostic landscape in Cambodia. This evidence can serve as a baseline benchmark for guiding implementation of national strategies as well as other regional initiatives to address malaria elimination activities...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438197/anti-malarial-landscape-in-myanmar-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-among-community-health-workers-and-the-private-sector-outlets-in-2015-2016
#5
Si Thu Thein, Hnin Su Su Khin, Aung Thi
BACKGROUND: In 2015/2016, an ACTwatch outlet survey was implemented to assess the anti-malarial and malaria testing landscape in Myanmar across four domains (Eastern, Central, Coastal, Western regions). Indicators provide an important benchmark to guide Myanmar's new National Strategic Plan to eliminate malaria by 2030. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey, which employed stratified cluster-random sampling across four regions in Myanmar. A census of community health workers (CHWs) and private outlets with potential to distribute malaria testing and/or treatment was conducted...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434911/does-quantity-ensure-quality-standardized-osce-stations-for-outcome-oriented-evaluation-of-practical-skills-at-different-medical-faculties
#6
Iris Schleicher, Karsten Leitner, Jana Juenger, Andreas Moeltner, Miriam Ruesseler, Bernd Bender, Jasmina Sterz, Tina Stibane, Sarah Koenig, Susanne Frankenhauser, Joachim Gerhard Kreuder
BACKGROUND: Practical skills are often assessed using Objective Structured Clinical Skill Exams (OSCE). Nevertheless, in Germany, interchange and agreement between different medical faculties or a general agreement on the minimum standard for passing is lacking. METHODS: We developed standardized OSCE-stations for assessing structured clinical examination of knee and shoulder joint with identical checklists and evaluation standards. These were implemented into the OSCE-course at five different medical faculties...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434634/hypospadias-surgery-in-england-higher-volume-centres-have-lower-complication-rates
#7
David J Wilkinson, Patrick A Green, Shanthi Beglinger, Jessica Myers, Rachel Hudson, David Edgar, Simon E Kenny
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias surgery has progressed steadily over recent years. There remains considerable variation in the operative management of boys with hypospadias in the UK, and it is therefore difficult to identify acceptable standards with regards to reoperation rates. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of reoperations and complications from all centres performing hypospadias surgery in England and to identify variables that influence outcome. METHODS: All children undergoing NHS hypospadias surgery in England between 1999 and 2009 were identified using the Hospital Episode Statistics database...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431693/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-general-thoracic-surgery-database-2017-update-on-outcomes-and-quality
#8
Christopher W Seder, Daniel P Raymond, Cameron D Wright, Henning A Gaissert, Andrew C Chang, Sydney Clinton, Susan Becker, Felix G Fernandez, Benjamin D Kozower
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (STS GTSD) is a voluntary effort that provides participants with risk-adjusted semiannual performance reports that allow comparison of institutional outcomes against national benchmarks. With nearly 1,000 surgeons contributing data from more than 300 centers across North America, the STS GTSD now includes almost a half million cases. In 2016, updated risk models for lung resection and esophagectomy for cancer were reported, and composite quality measures for lobectomy and esophagectomy were developed...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431085/health-status-in-europe-comparison-of-24-urban-areas-to-the-corresponding-10-countries-euro-urhis-2
#9
E M Koster, R de Gelder, F Di Nardo, G Williams, A Harrison, L P van Buren, H Lyshol, L Patterson, C A Birt, J Higgerson, P W Achterberg, A Verma, E J C van Ameijden
: In Europe, over 70% of the population live in urban areas (UAs). Most international comparative health research is done using national level data, as reliable and comparable urban data are often unavailable or difficult to access. This study aims to investigate whether population health is different in UAs compared with their corresponding countries. : Routinely available health-related data were collected by the EURO-URHIS 2 project, for 10 European countries and for 24 UAs within those countries. National and UA level data for 11 health indicators were compared through the calculation of relative difference, and geographical patterns within Europe were investigated using the Mann Whitney U test...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428142/increased-rate-of-adenoma-detection-associates-with-reduced-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-and-death
#10
M F Kaminski, P Wieszczy, M Rupinski, U Wojciechowska, J Didkowska, E Kraszewska, J Kobiela, R Franczyk, M Rupinska, B Kocot, A Chaber-Ciopinska, J Pachlewski, M Polkowski, J Regula
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Quality of endoscopists' performance of colonoscopy is measured by adenoma detection rate (ADR). Although ADR is inversely associated with interval colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer death, the effects of increasing ADR have not been demonstrated. We investigated whether increasing ADRs from individual endoscopists associates with reduced risks of interval colorectal cancer and subsequent death METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of individuals who underwent screening colonoscopy within the National Colorectal Cancer Screening Program in Poland, from January 1, 2004 through December 31, 2008...
April 17, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426563/routine-inclusion-of-long-term-functional-and-patient-reported-outcomes-pros-into-trauma-registries-the-forte-project
#11
Arturo J Rios-Diaz, Juan P Herrera-Escobar, Elizabeth J Lilley, Jessica R Appelson, Belinda Gabbe, Karen Brasel, Terri deRoon-Cassini, Eric B Schneider, George Kasotakis, Haytham Kaafarani, George Velmahos, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) recently recommended inclusion of post-discharge health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) metrics to benchmark the quality of trauma care. Currently, these measures are not routinely collected at most trauma centers. We sought to determine the feasibility and value of adding such long-term outcome measures to trauma registries. METHODS: As part of the Functional Outcomes and Recovery after Trauma Emergencies (FORTE) project we included patients with an ISS ≥9, admitted to the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, MA who were identified retrospectively using the institutional trauma registry and contacted 6 or 12-months post-injury to participate in a telephone survey evaluating: HRQoL (Short Form-12 [SF-12]), PROs (Trauma Quality of Life [T-QoL]), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), return to work, residential status, and healthcare utilization...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422908/the-emergency-surgery-score-ess-accurately-predicts-the-occurrence-of-postoperative-complications-in-emergency-surgery-patients
#12
Anirudh R Nandan, Jordan D Bohnen, Naveen F Sangji, Thomas Peponis, Kelsey Han, D Dante Yeh, Jarone Lee, Noelle Saillant, Marc De Moya, George C Velmahos, David C Chang, Haytham M A Kaafarani
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Surgery Score (ESS) was recently validated as a scoring system to predict mortality in emergency surgery (ES) patients. We sought to examine the ability of ESS to predict the occurrence of 30-day postoperative complications in ES. METHODS: The 2011-2012 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality.Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was screened for all surgical operations classified as "emergent". Thirty-day postoperative complications were defined as per ACS-NSQIP (e...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422573/results-from-the-first-french-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents-2016
#13
Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Salomé Aubert, Fabien Riviere, Corinne Praznoczy, Anne Vuillemin, Mark S Tremblay, Martine Duclos, David Thivel
BACKGROUND: Many countries publish periodic Report Cards on physical activity for children and youth. This paper presents the results from the first French Report Card providing a systematic synthesis and assessment of the national engagements to facilitate childhood physical activity. METHODS: A search for nationally representative data on 8 indicators of physical activity was conducted and the data were assessed by an expert panel according to international procedures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419657/a-new-approach-to-clinical-research-integrating-clinical-care-quality-reporting-and-research-using-a-wound-care-network-based-learning-healthcare-system
#14
Thomas E Serena, Caroline E Fife, Kristen A Eckert, Raphael A Yaakov, Marissa J Carter
The disparity between ideal evidence from randomized controlled trials and real-world evidence in medical research has prompted the United States Food and Drug Administration to consider the use of real-world data to better understand safety and effectiveness of new devices for a broader patient population and to prioritize real-world data in regulatory decision making. As the healthcare system transitions from volume- to value-based care, there is a growing need to harness the power of real-world data to change the paradigm for wound care clinical research and enable more generalizable clinical trials...
April 17, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418836/perspectives-accountability-for-mental-health-the-australian-experience
#15
Sebastian Rosenberg, Luis Salvador-Carulla
BACKGROUND: Australia was one of the first countries to develop a national policy for mental health. A persistent characteristic of all these policies has been their reference to the importance of accountability. What does this mean exactly and have we achieved it? Can Australia tell if anybody is getting better? AIMS OF THE STUDY: To review accountability for mental health in Australia and question whether two decades of Australian rhetoric around accountability for mental health has been fulfilled...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402401/a-benchmarking-project-on-the-quality-of-previous-guidelines-about-the-management-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-from-the-european-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-ests-pleural-diseases-working-group
#16
Luca Bertolaccini, Benedetta Bedetti, Alessandro Brunelli, Katerina Marinova, Federico Raveglia, Gaetano Rocco, Yaron Shargall, Piergiorgio Solli, Gonzalo Varela, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Jaroslaw Kuzdzal, Gilbert Massard, Enrico Ruffini, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Carlos Martinez-Barenys, Isabelle Opitz, Hasan F Batirel, Alper Toker, Marco Scarci
OBJECTIVES: In the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) survey about management of malignant pleural effusions (MPE), 56% of respondents are not informed of any relevant clinical guidelines and 52%, who are aware of the existence of guidelines, declared that they are in need of updating or revision. The ESTS Pleural Diseases Working Group developed a benchmarking project on quality of previous guidelines on the management of MPE. METHODS: The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument was used to assess each guideline...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394657/both-prenatal-and-postnatal-interventions-are-needed-to-improve-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-a-low-income-population
#17
Paula K Schreck, Krista Solem, Tamika Wright, Colleen Schulte, Kimberly J Ronnisch, Susan Szpunar
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides many health benefits for mothers and their infants that span their life course. Despite this, national breastfeeding rates are below benchmarks set by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Breastfeeding rates in the Detroit low-income population are particularly low. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of hospital-based prenatal and postnatal breastfeeding interventions on breastfeeding initiation and continuation rates in a low-income population...
April 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389196/improving-guideline-compliance-in-australia-with-a-national-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-outcomes-registry
#18
David Eccleston, Mark Horrigan, Tony Rafter, Geoffrey Holt, Stephen G Worthley, Peter Sage, Alan Whelan, Christopher Reid, Peter L Thompson
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention strategies after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) include statins and dual anti-platelet therapy, however there are significant gaps between guidelines and practice. Contemporary PCI practice requires comprehensive data collection to allow dynamic auditing and benchmarking of key performance and safety indices. Genesis HeartCare is Australia's largest collaborative venture of cardiologists, practising at over 40 public and private hospitals. We hypothesised that measurement and local reporting of data would improve patient outcomes through improving compliance with guideline therapies...
February 28, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385375/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-composite-score-for-evaluating-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) has developed composite quality measures for cardiac surgical procedures and lobectomy for lung cancer. This study sought to develop a composite measure for esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: The STS esophagectomy composite score is derived from two risk-adjusted outcomes: mortality and major complications. General Thoracic Surgery Database data were included from 2012 to 2014, and 95% Bayesian credible intervals were established to determine "star" ratings...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384070/the-palliative-care-quality-network-improving-the-quality-of-caring
#20
Steven Z Pantilat, Angela K Marks, Kara E Bischoff, Ashley R Bragg, David L O'Riordan
OBJECTIVE: Describe the establishment of the palliative care quality network (PCQN) with guidance on how teams can develop similar collaborations. BACKGROUND: In the current healthcare environment, palliative care (PC) teams must be able to demonstrate value and provide efficient care while supporting the clinicians who provide that care. DESCRIPTION: The PCQN is a national quality improvement (QI) collaborative comprised of specialty PC teams from a diverse range of hospitals across the United States Results: PCQN members identified five core activities to support PC teams...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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