keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

National benchmark

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644837/real-world-first-line-treatment-and-overall-survival-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-without-known-egfr-mutations-or-alk-rearrangements-in-us-community-oncology-setting
#1
Amy P Abernethy, Ashwini Arunachalam, Thomas Burke, Caroline McKay, Xiting Cao, Rachael Sorg, David P Carbone
PURPOSE: To establish a baseline for care and overall survival (OS) based upon contemporary first-line treatments prescribed in the era before the introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors, for people with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without common actionable mutations. METHODS: Using a nationally representative electronic health record data from the Flatiron dataset which included 162 practices from different regions in US, we identified patients (≥18 years old) newly diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC initiating first-line anticancer therapy (November 2012- January 2015, with follow-up through July 2015)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641357/-the-german-thorax-registry-implementation-of-an-established-tool-of-perioperative-health-care-research
#2
Jérôme Defosse, Mark Schieren, Torsten Loop, Cerstin Arndt, Rainer Röhrig, Erich Stoelben, Corinna Ludwig, Alexander Schleppers, Frank Wappler, Mark Gerbershagen, Alberto Lopez-Pastorini
The collection of clinical treatment data in registry databases is an important aspect of health services research. It allows for a critical evaluation of the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of clinical treatment concepts in large patient populations. The findings of registry research represent real-world patients and treatment structures as they are not limited by strict inclusion criteria or unrealistic conditions as applied in prospective clinical trials. The implementation of the German Thorax Registry has enabled the collection and analysis of data on the interdisciplinary care (thoracic surgery, anaesthesiology, intensive care, pain management) of patients undergoing thoracic surgery...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637656/benchmarking-life-expectancy-and-cancer-mortality-global-comparison-with-cardiovascular-disease-1981-2010
#3
Bochen Cao, Freddie Bray, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Ophira Ginsburg, Samir Soneji, Isabelle Soerjomataram
Objective To quantify the impact of cancer (all cancers combined and major sites) compared with cardiovascular disease (CVD) on longevity worldwide during 1981-2010.Design Retrospective demographic analysis using aggregated data.Setting National civil registration systems in member states of the World Health Organization.Participants 52 populations with moderate to high quality data on cause specific mortality.Main outcome measures Disease specific contributions to changes in life expectancy in ages 40-84 (LE40-84) over time in populations grouped by two levels of Human Development Index (HDI) values...
June 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628865/urban-emissions-hotspots-quantifying-vehicle-congestion-and-air-pollution-using-mobile-phone-gps-data
#4
Conor K Gately, Lucy R Hutyra, Scott Peterson, Ian Sue Wing
On-road emissions vary widely on time scales as short as minutes and length scales as short as tens of meters. Detailed data on emissions at these scales are a prerequisite to accurately quantifying ambient pollution concentrations and identifying hotspots of human exposure within urban areas. We construct a highly resolved inventory of hourly fluxes of CO, NO2, NOx, PM2.5 and CO2 from road vehicles on 280,000 road segments in eastern Massachusetts for the year 2012. Our inventory integrates a large database of hourly vehicle speeds derived from mobile phone and vehicle GPS data with multiple regional datasets of vehicle flows, fleet characteristics, and local meteorology...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625816/a-prospective-multicenter-study-evaluating-learning-curves-and-competence-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-and-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-among-advanced-endoscopy-trainees-the-rapid-assessment-of-trainee-endoscopy-skills-rates-study
#5
Sachin Wani, Rajesh Keswani, Matt Hall, Samuel Han, Meer Akbar Ali, Brian Brauer, Linda Carlin, Amitabh Chak, Dan Collins, Gregory A Cote, David L Diehl, Christopher J DiMaio, Andrew Dries, Ihab El-Hajj, Swan Ellert, Kimberley Fairley, Ashley Faulx, Larissa Fujii-Lau, Srinivas Gaddam, Seng-Ian Gan, Jonathan P Gaspar, Chitiki Gautamy, Stuart Gordon, Cynthia Harris, Sarah Hyder, Ross Jones, Stephen Kim, Srinadh Komanduri, Ryan Law, Linda Lee, Rawad Mounzer, Daniel Mullady, V Raman Muthusamy, Mojtaba Olyaee, Patrick Pfau, Shreyas Saligram, Cyrus Piraka, Amit Rastogi, Laura Rosenkranz, Fadi Rzouq, Aditi Saxena, Raj J Shah, Violette C Simon, Aaron Small, Jayaprakash Sreenarasimhaiah, Andrew Walker, Andrew Y Wang, Rabindra R Watson, Robert H Wilson, Patrick Yachimski, Dennis Yang, Steven Edmundowicz, Dayna S Early
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Based on the Next Accreditation System, trainee assessment should occur on a continuous basis with individualized feedback. We aimed to validate endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) learning curves among advanced endoscopy trainees (AETs) using a large national sample of training programs and to develop a centralized database that allows assessment of performance in relation to peers. METHODS: ASGE recognized training programs were invited to participate and AETs were graded on ERCP and EUS exams using a validated competency assessment tool that assesses technical and cognitive competence in a continuous fashion...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624279/the-use-of-national-level-data-to-describe-trends-in-intramammary-antimicrobial-usage-on-irish-dairy-farms-from-2003-to-2015
#6
Simon J More, Tracy A Clegg, Finola McCoy
In this study, we used national-level data to describe trends in on-farm intramammary antimicrobial usage in Ireland from 2003 to 2015. We calculated actual sales of intramammary tubes and the quantity of active substance sold, by year, product type [lactation or dry cow therapy (DCT)], antimicrobial group, World Health Organization antimicrobial classification, and from 2009 to 2015, prescribing route. We also estimated on-farm usage of lactation and dry cow intramammary antimicrobials using defined daily dose (DDDvet) and defined course dose (DCDvet) calculations, and dry cow coverage...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621463/can-the-apgar-score-be-used-for-international-comparisons-of-newborn-health
#7
Ayesha Siddiqui, Marina Cuttini, Rachel Wood, Petr Velebil, Marie Delnord, Irisa Zile, Henrique Barros, Mika Gissler, Ashna D Hindori-Mohangoo, Béatrice Blondel, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: The Apgar score has been shown to be predictive of neonatal mortality in clinical and population studies, but has not been used for international comparisons. We examined population-level distributions in Apgar scores and associations with neonatal mortality in Europe. METHODS: Aggregate data on the 5 minute Apgar score for live births and neonatal mortality rates from countries participating in the Euro-Peristat project in 2004 and 2010 were analysed...
June 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619484/the-new-opt-out-dutch-national-breast-implant-registry-lessons-learnt-from-the-road-to-implementation
#8
Hinne A Rakhorst, Marc A M Mureau, Rodney D Cooter, John McNeil, Miranda van Hooff, René van der Hulst, Juliette Hommes, Marije Hoornweg, Laura Moojen-Zaal, Patricia Liem, Irene M J Mathijssen
An estimated 1-3% of all women in the Netherlands carry breast implants. Since the introduction five decades ago, problems with a variety of breast implants have emerged with direct consequences for the patients' health. Plastic surgeons worldwide reacted through campaigning for auditing on long-term implant quality, surgeon performance, and institutional outcomes in implant registries. Especially, the PIP implant scandal of 2010 demonstrated the paucity of epidemiological data and uncovered a weakness in our ability to even 'track and trace' patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611975/effect-of-promotional-initiatives-on-visits-to-a-dedicated-website-for-physical-activity-and-non-communicable-disease-in-luxembourg-an-event-study
#9
Alexis Lion, Jane S Thornton, Michel Vaillant, Juliette Pertuy, Eric Besenius, Cyrille Hardy, Charles Delagardelle, Romain Seil, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
The Sport-Santé project and its website (www.sport-sante.lu) promote physical activity for individuals with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Luxembourg. Our purpose was to perform an event study analysis to evaluate the effects of communication and promotional initiatives on the number of visits to the Sport-Santé website. Between September 2015 and May 2016, the Sport-Santé website was promoted during different initiatives, including participation in health-related events or publication of articles in local journals...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607241/composition-and-distribution-of-the-health-workforce-in-india-estimates-based-on-data-from-the-national-sample-survey
#10
Krishna D Rao, Renu Shahrawat, Aarushi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: The availability of reliable and comprehensive information on the health workforce is crucial for workforce planning. In India, routine information sources on the health workforce are incomplete and unreliable. This paper addresses this issue and provides a comprehensive picture of India's health workforce. METHODS: Data from the 68th round (July 2011 to June 2012) of the National Sample Survey on the Employment and unemployment situation in India were analysed to produce estimates of the health workforce in India...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604499/academic-achievement-and-risk-factors-for-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-middle-school-and-early-high-school
#11
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: Examine academic achievement of students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during the early high school period and identify potentially modifiable risk factors for low achievement. METHOD: Data were collected through surveys (adolescent, parent, and teacher) and direct assessment of Australian adolescents (12-15 yr; n = 130) with ADHD in early high school (i.e., US middle and high school grades). Academic achievement outcomes were measured by linking to individual performance on the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests, direct assessment of reading and math, and teacher report of academic competence...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603299/multi-feature-based-benchmark-for-cervical-dysplasia-classification-evaluation
#12
Tao Xu, Han Zhang, Cheng Xin, Edward Kim, L Rodney Long, Zhiyun Xue, Sameer Antani, Xiaolei Huang
Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women worldwide. Most deaths due to the disease occur in less developed areas of the world. In this work, we introduce a new image dataset along with expert annotated diagnoses for evaluating image-based cervical disease classification algorithms. A large number of Cervigram(®) images are selected from a database provided by the US National Cancer Institute. For each image, we extract three complementary pyramid features: Pyramid histogram in L*A*B* color space (PLAB), Pyramid Histogram of Oriented Gradients (PHOG), and Pyramid histogram of Local Binary Patterns (PLBP)...
March 2017: Pattern Recognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602581/substance-use-disorder-treatment-services-for-women-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Christine Timko, Katherine J Hoggatt, Frances M Wu, Amanda Tjemsland, Michael Cucciare, Amy Rubin, Tracy L Simpson
PURPOSE: The present study used national Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facility-level data to examine the extent of women's specialty substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programming in the VHA. In addition, the study compared facilities with women's specialty SUD programming with facilities without to determine whether having this programming was associated with serving other special patient populations, treatment staffing, and breadth of service provision. METHODS: The study used data from the VHA Program Evaluation and Resource Center's Drug and Alcohol Program Survey, conducted in 2015 (100% response rate among VHA specialty SUD treatment programs)...
June 8, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595818/do-not-resuscitate-orders-and-high-risk-pediatric%C3%A2-surgery-professional-nuisance-or%C3%A2-medical%C3%A2-necessity
#14
Lauren M Baumann, Kibileri Williams, Fizan Abdullah, Richard J Hendrickson, Tolulope A Oyetunji
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data in the literature regarding end-of-life care and do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status of the pediatric surgical patient, although invasive procedures are frequently performed in very high risk and critically ill children. Despite significant efforts in adult medicine to enhance discussions around end-of-life care, little is known about similar endeavors in the pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric database was performed...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593078/non-chemical-risk-assessment-for-lifting-and-low-back-pain-based-on-bayesian-threshold-models
#15
Sudha P Pandalai, Matthew W Wheeler, Ming-Lun Lu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported low back pain (LBP) has been evaluated in relation to material handling lifting tasks, but little research has focused on relating quantifiable stressors to LBP at the individual level. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Composite Lifting Index (CLI) has been used to quantify stressors for lifting tasks. A chemical exposure can be readily used as an exposure metric or stressor for chemical risk assessment (RA). Defining and quantifying lifting nonchemical stressors and related adverse responses is more difficult...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589025/assessing-the-brazilian-surgical-system-with-six-surgical-indicators-a-descriptive-and-modelling-study
#16
Benjamin B Massenburg, Saurabh Saluja, Hillary E Jenny, Nakul P Raykar, Josh Ng-Kamstra, Aline G A Guilloux, Mário C Scheffer, John G Meara, Nivaldo Alonso, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Brazil boasts a health scheme that aspires to provide universal coverage, but its surgical system has rarely been analysed. In an effort to strengthen surgical systems worldwide, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery proposed a collection of 6 standardised indicators: 2-hour access to surgery, surgical workforce density, surgical volume, perioperative mortality rate (POMR) and protection against impoverishing and catastrophic expenditure. This study aims to characterise the Brazilian surgical health system with these newly devised indicators while gaining understanding on the complexity of the indicators themselves...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588968/who-and-national-lists-of-essential-medicines-in-mexico-central-and-south-america-and-the-caribbean-are-they-adequate-to-promote-paediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-care
#17
Amanda Rowlands, Alejandra Acosta-Gualandri, Jaime Guevara-Aguirre, Jean-Pierre Chanoine
Paediatric endocrinology and diabetes is a paediatric specialty with less common conditions and higher cost medicines. Access to medicines for our specialty in low and middle income countries remains limited. We analysed the content of the WHO (children and adults) and of all available national Model Lists of Essential Medicines (EMLs) for Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America from a paediatric endocrinology and diabetes standpoint. A master list of medicines deemed necessary in paediatric endocrinology and diabetes was established and compared with the WHO and national EMLs, taking into account the gross national income...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584649/adherence-to-nice-guidance-on-lifestyle-advice-for-people-with-schizophrenia-a-survey
#18
Lizzie Swaby, Daniel Hind, Rebecca Gossage-Worrall, David Shiers, Jonathan Mitchell, Richard I G Holt
Aims and method The STEPWISE trial (STructured lifestyle Education for People WIth SchizophrEnia, schizoaffective disorder and first episode psychosis) is currently evaluating a lifestyle education programme in addition to usual care. However, it is difficult to define what constitutes 'usual care'. We aimed to define 'usual care' for lifestyle management in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and first-episode psychosis in STEPWISE study sites. Ten National Health Service (NHS) mental health trusts participated in a bespoke survey based on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance...
June 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576429/population-level-surgical-outcomes-for-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#19
Nick Lansdale, Nadeem Al-Khafaji, Patrick Green, Simon E Kenny
OBJECTIVES: Determine national outcomes for pyloromyotomy; how these are affected by: (i) surgical approach (open/laparoscopic), or (ii) centre type/volume and establish potential benchmarks of quality. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics data were analysed for admissions 2002-2011. Data presented as median (IQR). RESULTS: 9686 infants underwent pyloromyotomy (83% male). Surgery was performed in 22 specialist (SpCen) and 39 nonspecialist centres (NonSpCen)...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569255/an-evaluation-of-the-status-of-living-collections-for-plant-environmental-and-microbial-research
#20
Kevin McCLUSKEY, Jill P Parsons, Kimberly Quach, Clifford S Duke
While living collections are critical for biological research, support for these foundational infrastructure elements is inconsistent, which makes quality control, regulatory compliance, and reproducibility difficult. In recent years, the Ecological Society of America has hosted several National Science Foundation-sponsored workshops to explore and enhance the sustainability of biological research infrastructure. At the same time, the United States Culture Collection Network has brought together managers of living collections to foster collaboration and information exchange within a specific living collections community...
June 2017: Journal of Biosciences
keyword
keyword
53104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"