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oxidation therapy

D Valenzuela, F Moya, M Luco, J L Tapia
50 years ago, Northway described Broncopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants exposed to mechanical ventilation. Since then, their survival has increased, nevertheless a "new BPD" has appeared and its incidence has not diminished. One of the characteristics of this pathology is the the abnormal vascular remodeling, which in its most severe expression is known as Pulmonary Hyper tension (PH); with an incidence of 17% in patients with BPD, which is proportional to the severity of the disease (33% in severe BPD), and as mortality factor (up to 48% 2-year mortality in PH-BPD)...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Sarva Mangala Praveena, Seoh Wei Teh, Ranjith Kumar Rajendran, Narayanan Kannan, Chu-Ching Lin, Rozaini Abdullah, Suresh Kumar
Phthalates have been blended in various compositions as plasticizers worldwide for a variety of purposes. Consequently, humans are exposed to a wide spectrum of phthalates that needs to be researched and understood correctly. The goal of this review is to focus on phthalate's internal exposure pathways and possible role of human digestion on liver toxicity. In addition, special focus was made on stem cell therapy in reverting liver toxicity. The known entry of higher molecular weight phthalates is through ingestion while inhalation and dermal pathways are for lower molecular weight phthalates...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Henrik Lauridsen, Casper Bindzus Foldager, Line Hansen, Michael Pedersen
Non-invasive methods to track the progress of stem cell therapies are important in the development of future regenerative therapies. Super-paramagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIOs) have previously been applied to track cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in vivo in non-regenerative animal models. To the best of the author's knowledge, the present study investigated for the first time, the feasibility of tracking SPIO labeled cells in an intrinsic regenerative environment, the regenerating limb of the axolotl, and investigated the homing of stem cell-like blastema cells to the regenerative zone...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Taishi Nakamura, Guangshuo Zhu, Mark J Ranek, Kristen Kokkonen-Simon, Manling Zhang, Grace E Kim, Kenichi Tsujita, David A Kass
BACKGROUND: Stimulation of sGC (soluble guanylate cyclase) or inhibition of PDE5 (phosphodiesterase type 5) activates PKG (protein kinase G)-1α to counteract cardiac hypertrophy and failure. PKG1α acts within localized intracellular domains; however, its oxidation at cysteine 42, linking homomonomers, alters this localization, impairing suppression of pathological cardiac stress. Because PDE5 and sGC reside in separate microdomains, we speculated that PKG1α oxidation might also differentially influence the effects from their pharmacological modulation...
March 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
Joanna Suliburska, Katarzyna Skrypnik, Monika Szulińska, Justyna Kupsz, Paweł Bogdański
BACKGROUND: Hypotensive therapy leads to a number of trace elements metabolism disturbances. Zinc balance is frequently affected by antihypertensive treatment. AIM: To evaluate the effect of a hypotensive treatment, modified diet and zinc supplementation on mineral status and selected biochemical parameters in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients on monotherapy. METHODS: In the first stage, arterial hypertension in ninety-eight human subjects was diagnosed...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Hong-Jing Zhou, Chen-Ye Zeng, Ting-Ting Yang, Fang-Yi Long, Xi Kuang, Jun-Rong Du
AIMS: Oxidative stress caused by aging aggravates neuropathological changes and cognitive deficits. Klotho, an anti-aging protein, shows an anti-oxidative effect. The aims of the present study were to determine the potential therapeutic effect of klotho in aging-related neuropathological changes and memory impairments in senescence-accelerated mouse prone-8 (SAMP8) mice, and identify the potential mechanism of these neuroprotective effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A lentiviral was used to deliver and sustain the expression of klotho...
March 12, 2018: Life Sciences
Kuikun Yang, Yijing Liu, Yi Liu, Qian Zhang, Chuncai Kong, Chenglin Yi, Zijian Zhou, Zhantong Wang, Guofeng Zhang, Yang Zhang, Niveen M Khashab, Xiaoyuan Chen, Zhihong Nie
This article describes the fabrication of nanosized magneto-vesicles (MVs) comprising tunable layers of densely-packed superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) in membranes via cooperative assembly of polymer-tethered SPIONs and free poly(styrene)-b-poly(acrylic acid) (PS-b-PAA). The membrane thickness of MVs could be well controlled from 9.8 to 93.2 nm by varying the weight ratio of PS-b-PAA to SPIONs. The increase in membrane thickness was accompanied with the transition from monolayer MVs, to double-layered MVs and to multilayered MVs (MuMVs)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
So-Young Kim, Drew R Jones, Ji-Yeon Kang, Chul-Ho Yun, Grover P Miller
Coumadin (R/S-warfarin) metabolism plays a critical role in patient response to anticoagulant therapy. Several cytochrome P450s oxidize warfarin into R/S-6-, 7-, 8-, 10, and 4'-hydroxywarfarin that can undergo subsequent glucuronidation by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs); however, current studies on recombinant UGTs cannot be adequately extrapolated to microsomal glucuronidation capacities for the liver. Herein, we estimated the capacity of the average human liver to glucuronidate hydroxywarfarin and identified UGTs responsible for those metabolic reactions through inhibitor phenotyping...
March 15, 2018: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Arezoo Mohammadi Gazestani, Samideh Khoei, Sepideh Khoee, Soraya Emamgholizadeh Minaei, Manijeh Motevalian
Magnetite nanographene oxide has exhibited great potential in drug delivery and photothermal therapy (PTT) for cancer treatment. Here we developed 5-fluorouracil-loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-coated magnetite nanographene oxide (NGO-SPION-PLGA-5-Fu) to simplify combined PTT and chemotherapy in one complex. The nanocarrier was synthesized using a modified O1 /W1 /O2 /W2 multiple emulsion solvent evaporation method and was characterized for size, zeta potential, drug loading, in vitro and in vivo release...
March 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Yan Zhan, Yingliang Liu, Hongru Zu, Yanxian Guo, Shuangshuang Wu, Haiyao Yang, Zhiming Liu, Bingfu Lei, Jianle Zhuang, Xuejie Zhang, Di Huang, Chaofan Hu
Different from their bulk counterparts, plasmonic molybdenum oxide nanomaterials display superior optical and electronic properties, but unfortunately, phase-controlled synthesis of molybdenum oxide nanomaterials with multifunctional performances still remains a challenge. To actualize this, a surfactant-free solvothermal strategy was proposed to fabricate molybdenum oxide nanomaterials with a tunable phase. Encouragingly, the as-prepared molybdenum dioxide nanoparticles (MoO2 NPs) exhibit intense near-infrared (NIR) absorption attributed to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect, which results in their application as a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate to detect trace amounts of molecular species including Rhodamine 6G (R6G), crystal violet (CV), IR-780 iodide (IR780) and methylene blue (MB)...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Phaniendra Alugoju, Vkd Krishan Swamy, Latha Periyasamy
Aging is characterized by gradual accumulation of macromolecular damage leading to progressive loss of physiological function and increased susceptibility to diverse diseases. Effective anti-aging strategies involving caloric restriction or antioxidant supplementation are receiving growing attention to attenuate macromolecular damage in age associated pathology. In the present study, we for the first time investigated the effect of quercetin, caloric restriction and combined treatment (caloric restriction with quercetin) on oxidative stress parameters, acetylcholinesterase and ATPases enzyme activities in the cerebral cortex of aged male wistar rat brain...
March 14, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Reşat Duman, Ayhan Vurmaz
PURPOSE: The exact etiopathogenesis of steroid-induced cataracts (SIC) is not known. Although oxidative stress is one of the most acceptable hypotheses, the exact molecular events in steroid-induced oxidative events in the lens need to be clarified. In addition, to the best of our knowledge, the innate immune system components in SIC formation have not been studied previously. The aim of the present study was to study the oxidative system and the innate immune system components in the cataractous lenses of a developing chick embryo SIC model...
March 15, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
Eliott Teston, Thomas Maldiney, Iris Marangon, Jeanne Volatron, Yoann Lalatonne, Laurence Motte, Catherine Boisson-Vidal, Gwennhael Autret, Olivier Clément, Daniel Scherman, Florence Gazeau, Cyrille Richard
Once injected into a living organism, cells diffuse or migrate around the initial injection point and become impossible to be visualized and tracked in vivo. The present work concerns the development of a new technique for therapeutic cell labeling and subsequent in vivo visualization and magnetic retention. It is hypothesized and subsequently demonstrated that nanohybrids made of persistent luminescence nanoparticles and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles incorporated into a silica matrix can be used as an effective nanoplatform to label therapeutic cells in a nontoxic way in order to dynamically track them in real-time in vitro and in living mice...
March 15, 2018: Small
Stefania Schiavone, Luigia Trabace
Recent evidence highlighted a pathogenetic link between redox dysregulation and the early stages of psychosis. Indeed, an increasing number of studies have pointed toward an association between oxidative stress, both at central and peripheral levels, and first psychotic episode. Moreover, basal low antioxidant capacity has been shown to directly correlate with cognitive impairment in the early onset of psychosis. In this context, the possibility to use antioxidant compounds in first psychotic episode, especially as supplementation to antipsychotic therapy, has become the focus of numerous investigations on rodents with the aim to translate data on the possible effects of antioxidant therapies to large populations of patients, with a diagnosis of the first psychotic episode...
March 14, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Zhenquan Jia, Pon Velayutham Anandh Babu, Wei Chen, Xiaolun Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Laura Lopez-Sanz, Susana Bernal, Carlota Recio, Iolanda Lazaro, Ainhoa Oguiza, Ana Melgar, Luna Jimenez-Castilla, Jesus Egido, Carmen Gomez-Guerrero
Oxidative stress resulting from excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or impaired antioxidant defenses is closely related to the development of diabetic vascular complications, including nephropathy and atherosclerosis. Chronic activation of Janus kinase/Signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway contributes to diabetic complications by inducing expression of genes involved in cell proliferation, fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family of endogenous JAK/STAT regulators is an attractive target for therapeutic intervention...
March 14, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Arnold Groehler, Stefan Kren, Qinglu Li, Maggie Robledo-Villafane, Joshua Schmidt, Mary Garry, Natalia Tretyakova
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening condition that can occur when blood flow to the heart is interrupted due to a blockage in one or more of the coronary vessels. Current treatments of MI rapidly restore blood flow to the affected myocardium using thrombolytic agents or angioplasty. Adverse effects including inflammation, tissue necrosis, and ventricular dysfunction are, however, not uncommon following reperfusion therapy. These conditions are thought to be caused by a sudden influx of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to the affected myocardium...
March 11, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Frances Rocamora, Lei Zhu, Kek Yee Liong, Arjen Dondorp, Olivo Miotto, Sachel Mok, Zbynek Bozdech
Due to their remarkable parasitocidal activity, artemisinins represent the key components of first-line therapies against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. However, the decline in efficacy of artemisinin-based drugs jeopardizes global efforts to control and ultimately eradicate the disease. To better understand the resistance phenotype, artemisinin-resistant parasite lines were derived from two clones of the 3D7 strain of P. falciparum using a selection regimen that mimics how parasites interact with the drug within patients...
March 14, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Nicole Y Lee, Omer Ibrahim, Shilpi Khetarpal, Mariya Gaber, Spiros Jamas, Ioannis Gryllos, Jeffrey S Dover
Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a common skin finding that presents as follicular hyperkeratotic papules on the proximal extremities in patients with a propensity for atopy. Although often asymptomatic, the stippled appearance is cosmetically disturbing to patients and difficult to treat as current therapies are limited in availability and efficacy. Nitric oxide (NO) has been found to be essential in basic systemic and cutaneous physiologic function, specifically in terms of its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, which evolutionarily was maintained by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Erin Fitzpatrick, Olivia J Holland, Jessica J Vanderlelie
Chronic wounds present a significant burden to the health care system and the patient. Ozone therapy has been proposed as a treatment for chronic wounds, potentially acting by eliciting mild oxidative stress or disinfection. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the potential benefits and harms of ozone therapy as an advanced care intervention for chronic wounds. Studies were extracted from Google Scholar, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and reference lists. General inclusion criteria included English-language randomised human trials reporting the use of ozone therapy in the topical treatment of chronic wounds...
March 13, 2018: International Wound Journal
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