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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728323/analysis-of-the-legal-effect-of-settlement-agreements-prepared-in-medical-litigation-following-plastic-surgery-in-korea
#1
Jung Woo Kwon, Bo Young Park, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: Settlements between doctors and patients provide a solution to complicated disputes. However, some disputes may be renewed as a result of negligence by both parties. The purpose of this study was to review the legal issues that may potentially arise during the preparation of settlement agreements and to propose a list of requirements for ensuring the effectiveness of these settlement agreements. METHODS: Data from 287 civil cases concerning aesthetic surgery that took place between 2000 and 2015 were collected from a court database in South Korea...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723757/comprehensive-comparing-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-with-posterior-lumbar-internal-fixation-for-treatment-of-adjacent-segment-lumbar-disc-prolapse-with-stable-retrolisthesis-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#2
Yapeng Sun, Wei Zhang, Suhui Qie, Nan Zhang, Wenyuan Ding, Yong Shen
The study was to comprehensively compare the postoperative outcome and imaging parameter characters in a short/middle period between the percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and the internal fixation of bone graft fusion (the most common form is posterior lumbar interbody fusion [PLIF]) for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis after a previous lumbar internal fixation surgery.In this retrospective case-control study, we collected the medical records from 11 patients who received PELD operation (defined as PELD group) for and from 13 patients who received the internal fixation of bone graft fusion of lumbar posterior vertebral lamina decompression (defined as control group) for the treatment of the lumbar disc prolapse combined with stable retrolisthesis at Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University (Shijiazhuang, China) from May 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723475/psychological-well-being-and-private-and-professional-psychosocial-support-after-prostate-cancer-surgery-a-follow-up-at-3-12-and-24-months-after-surgery
#3
Karin Stinesen Kollberg, Ulrica Wilderäng, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Jonas Hugosson, Peter Wiklund, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Johan Stranne, Eva Haglind, Gunnar Steineck
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional studies indicate that a cancer patient's partner is important in regard to the patient's psychological well-being. This has yet to be investigated in a large prospective setting. OBJECTIVE: To investigate types of psychosocial support and whether men improved their well-being at 12 and 24 mo after radical prostatectomy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In a group of 1446 men participating in the Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial reporting low well-being 3 mo after surgery and who also had a more limited social network, we investigated predictors of change in well-being at 12 and 24 mo...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721284/performing-easy-prone-punction
#4
REVIEW
Ramón Cansino, Alejandra Portilla, Juan Gómez Rivas
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous renal surgery has been considered one of the most important advances in urology. There are several possibilities to perform a kidney puncture such as using fluoroscopy, ultrasound or both. The aim of this article is to describe our puncture technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Correct puncture is one of the most critical and challenging steps during percutaneous surgery. Bull's eye technique and other similar techniques supported by fluoroscopy try to make triangulations and provide different views...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719707/community-triage-of-otology-patients-using-a-store-and-forward-telemedicine-device-a-feasibility-study
#5
Nishi Gupta, Neeraj Chawla, Digant Gupta, Nidhi Dhawan, Vidya R Janaki
Chronic otitis media is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss in developing countries. Developing countries such as India, with huge populations and poor health infrastructures, have always felt the shortage of trained specialists who can provide quality care to meet the enormous demand for treatment of this disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of empowering trained health workers equipped with ENTraview, a store-and-forward telemedicine device that integrates a camera- enabled smart phone with an otoscope...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717840/nonoperative-management-of-perforated-acute-diverticulitis-with-extraluminal-air-results-and-risk-factors-of-failure
#6
Alberto Titos-García, Jose M Aranda-Narváez, Laura Romacho-López, Antonio J González-Sánchez, Isaac Cabrera-Serna, Julio Santoyo-Santoyo
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the results of nonoperative management of patients with perforated acute diverticulitis with extraluminal air and to identify risk factors that may lead to failure and necessity of surgery. METHODS: Methods included observational retrospective cohort study of patients between 2010 and 2015 with diagnosis of diverticulitis with extraluminal air and with nonoperative management initial. Patient demographics, clinical, and analytical data were collected, as were data related with computed tomography...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717296/surgical-management-of-laterognathia-in-orthofacial-surgery
#7
J M García Y Sánchez, C L Gómez Rodríguez, J Romero Flores
INTRODUCTION: Each year around the world, various surgical procedures are carried out with the goal of correcting laterognathia; both the intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (OSB) have been the most used techniques in mandibular surgery. These techniques have advantages and disadvantages; for example the advantages of the OSB include: increased coefficient of friction between bony segments, for both the forward and the retroposition, as well as decrease in the time of intermaxillary fixation (IMF)...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715092/the-origins-of-oral-medicine-in-the-hippocratic-collected-works
#8
REVIEW
Helen Askitopoulou, Vasileia Nyktari, Alexandra Papaioannou, Georgios Stefanakis, Elina Konsolaki
The collected works of Hippocrates describe for the first time in a systematic way a large number of oral diseases, such as ulcers, inflammations, abscesses and tumours from the epiglottis, mouth, tongue, palate, uvula and the sublingual area. Several of these case reports are remarkable for the accurate observation of clinical symptoms and signs, the aetiology, the pathogenesis and their therapeutic approach in relation to prognosis. The Hippocratic authors report cases of 'aphthae' as part of a polysystemic disease, described many centuries later by Behçet and Adamantiades, while they associate features of splenomegaly from endemic malaria with gingivitis ('ulitis')...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707046/understanding-the-post-surgical-bariatric-experiences-of-patients-two-or-more-years-after-surgery
#9
Rebecca H Liu, Jennifer D Irwin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, one year after bariatric surgery follow-up appointments become less frequent and surgical recipients must cope with weight management more independently. Up to 50% of patients experience weight regain by two years post-surgery. Understanding the lived experiences of those who have gone through the bariatric process may shed light on what is needed to support others moving forward. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the physical, psychological, social, and clinic-related experiences of individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery at least two years prior...
July 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699147/what-are-the-complications-survival-and-outcomes-after-revision-to-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-older-than-80-years
#10
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Nicholas J Clark, Andrew T Assenmacher, Brian T Samuelsen, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: By the time patients with a failed shoulder arthroplasty require revision surgery, a substantial number are older than 80 years. The risk of complications of revision arthroplasty in this elderly population is largely unknown and needs to be considered when contemplating whether these patients are too frail for revision surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What are the 90-day medical and surgical complications after revision to reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients older than 80 years? (2) What are the 2- and 5-year survival rates after revision? (3) Was there an improvement in pain at rest or with activity, range of motion (ROM), and strength after revision surgery? METHODS: Between 2004 and 2013, 38 patients who were older than 80 years (84 ± 3 years) underwent revision surgery to a RSA...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695875/can-bariatric-surgery-delay-the-need-for-knee-replacement-in-morbidly-obese-osteoarthritis-patients
#11
Lajja Rishi, Mohit Bhandari, Ravindra Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to find the weight reduction pattern and its outcome on knee pain and function in osteoarthritis (OA) morbidly obese patients' post-bariatric surgery with dietary and exercise changes. METHODOLOGY: Thirty morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] >40 kg/m2) OA patients gave consent for bariatric surgery. Despite wearisome lifestyle modifications for weight loss and knee pain, satisfactory results were not retrieved. We took consent from all the patients predetermined for knee replacement in future because of pain and disability as recommended by knee replacement surgeon...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688662/improving-resident-well-being-and-clinical-learning-environment-through-academic-initiatives
#12
Nathaniel Lee, Nital Appelbaum, Michael Amendola, Kelley Dodson, Brian Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Organizational effects on job satisfaction, burnout, work-life balance, and perceived support have not been studied in the context of the clinical learning environment. We evaluated the relationship between academic resources and resident well-being, the clinical learning environment, and in-service examination performance of surgical residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Residents of general surgery and surgical specialty programs were recruited from March 2016 through June 2016 across the Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Northeast regions...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688331/ideal-framework-in-surgical-innovation-applied-on-laparoscopic-niche-repair
#13
REVIEW
C Nikkels, Anke J M W Vervoort, Ben Willem Mol, Wouter J K Hehenkamp, Judith A F Huirne, Hans A M Brölmann
The research objective of the current systematic literature review is to classify the laparoscopic niche repair according to the IDEAL framework of 'innovation stages' and to recommend the required research setting to facilitate safe and properly timed implementation of the technique. In doing so, we are also able to evaluate the practical applicability of the IDEAL framework. A systematic search of the available literature on laparoscopic niche repair was performed in PubMed, Embase, and the Wiley/Cochrane library...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684229/reverse-shoulder-endoprosthesis-for-pathologic-lesions-of-the-proximal-humerus-a-minimum-3-year-follow-up
#14
Simon Maclean, Shahbaz S Malik, Scott Evans, Jonathan Gregory, Lee Jeys
BACKGROUND: The Bayley Walker (Stanmore Implants, Elstree, UK) reversed polarity, linked shoulder replacement is designed to provide stable function in the treatment of a painful shoulder with poor soft tissue coverage. We reviewed the results of the prosthesis in destructive pathologic lesions of the proximal humerus at a United Kingdom tumor center. METHODS: We identified 8 patients (2 men, 6 women) in our database. Clinical information and functional outcome scores were collected, including range of movement, Toronto Extremity Salvage Score, the Musculoskeletal Tumor Score...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681903/contralateral-eye-comparison-of-smile-and-flap-based-corneal-refractive-surgery-computational-analysis-of-biomechanical-impact
#15
Ibrahim Seven, Ali Vahdati, Iben Bach Pedersen, Anders Vestergaard, Jesper Hjortdal, Cynthia J Roberts, William J Dupps
PURPOSE: Computational analyses were performed to quantify and directly compare the biomechanical impact of flapless and flap-based procedures in a series of patients undergoing small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in one eye and flap-based femtosecond lenticule extraction in the other. METHODS: Tomographic data from 10 eyes of 5 patients undergoing femtosecond laser refractive lenticule extraction for myopic astigmatism with or without a stromal flap (femtosecond lenticule extraction in one eye, SMILE in the contralateral eye) were used to generate computational models...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676927/feasibility-and-limits-of-inguinal-hernia-repair-under-local-anaesthesia-in-a-limited-resource-environment-a-prospective-controlled-study
#16
S Bourgouin, Y Goudard, A Montcriol, J Bordes, A Nau, P Balandraud
PURPOSE: Local anaesthesia (LA) has proven effective for inguinal hernia repair in developed countries. Hernias in low to middle income countries represent a different issue. The aim of this study was to analyse the feasibility of LA for African hernia repairs in a limited resource environment. METHODS: Data from patients who underwent herniorrhaphy under LA or spinal anaesthesia (SA) by the 6th and 7th Forward Surgical Team were prospectively collected. All of the patients benefited from a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia...
July 4, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669789/self-directed-interactive-video-based-instruction-versus-instructor-led-teaching-for-myanmar-house-surgeons-a-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#17
Albert Thein Lwin, Thein Lwin, Phyu Naing, Yee Oo, David Kidd, Marcelo Cerullo, Joshua Posen, Kyaw Hlaing, Gayane Yenokyan, Kyi Kyi Thinn, Zaw Wai Soe, Kent A Stevens
OBJECTIVE: To compare self-directed interactive video-based instruction (IVBI) with instructor-led teaching in the acquisition of basic surgical skills by House Surgeons at University of Medicine 1, Yangon. DESIGN: A prospective, 1:1 randomized controlled trial was conducted. Participants were randomized into 2 teaching arms: (1) self-directed IVBI or (2) instructor-led teaching. Self-directed IVBI participants were provided with a portable DVD player that could play, fast forward, rewind, and skip through skills modules...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660828/predictors-of-direct-home-discharge-following-fractured-neck-of-femur
#18
O Salar, P N Baker, D P Forward, B J Ollivere, N Weerasuriya, I K Moppett, C G Moran
INTRODUCTION Direct home discharge (DHD) following hip fracture surgery represents a challenging proposition. The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the discharge destination (home vs alternative location) for patients admitted from their own home with a fractured neck of femur. METHODS A retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected major trauma centre data was performed, identifying 10,044 consecutive hip fracture admissions between 2000 and 2012. RESULTS Two-thirds of the patients (n=6,742, 67%) were admitted from their own home...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659127/general-vs-neuraxial-anaesthesia-in-hip-fracture-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Julia Van Waesberghe, Ana Stevanovic, Rolf Rossaint, Mark Coburn
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a trauma of the elderly. The worldwide number of patients in need of surgery after hip fracture will increase in the coming years. The 30-day mortality ranges between 4 and 14%. Patients' outcome may be improved by anaesthesia technique (general vs. neuraxial anaesthesia). There is a dearth of evidence from randomised studies regarding to the optimal anaesthesia technique. However, several large non-randomised studies addressing this question have been published from the onset of 2010...
June 28, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659057/anatomical-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-epileptic-patients-with-instability-arthropathy-and-persistent-seizures
#20
Tanujan Thangarajah, Mark Falworth, Simon M Lambert
PURPOSE: Epileptic seizures can cause shoulder dislocation, recurrent instability and eventually arthritis. The purpose of this study was to report the results, complications and rate of revision surgery following anatomical shoulder arthroplasty in epileptic patients with instability arthropathy. METHODS: A consecutive series of eight patients with epilepsy underwent anatomical shoulder arthroplasty for recurrent shoulder instability and were retrospectively reviewed after a mean of 4...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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