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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809084/practice-characteristics-and-service-provision-rates-of-dental-hygienists-in-australia
#1
N Amarasena, D N Teusner, D S Brennan, J Satur
INTRODUCTION: Dental hygienists (DHs) have been practising in Australia since the early 1970s. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the clinical activity of Australian DHs. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to members of two professional associations representing DHs. Practitioner characteristics, employment characteristics and clinical activity on a self-reported typical practice day were collected. The proportion of each service item of all services provided was estimated...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798421/remineralisation-the-buzzword-for-early-mi-caries-management
#2
B T Amaechi
Minimal intervention (MI) dentistry aims to preserve dental tissues first and restore only when indicated, thus remineralisation of initial (non-cavitated) caries lesions, an integral part of caries management, is an essential treatment strategy in MI. With this understanding, dental practitioners are increasingly embracing the principle of non-operative treatment of initial caries lesions. The purpose of this review was to summarise the most recent literature published in non-operative management of dental caries...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797916/performance-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-according-to-tooth-characteristics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Dionysia Dimitraki, Nikolaos Kotsanos, Katrin Bekes, Hubertus van Waes
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this systematic review was to assess the clinical performance of sealants on various teeth in an evidence-based manner. SOURCES: Five databases were searched from inception to February 2017. DATA: Randomized clinical studies on humans. METHODS: After duplicate study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, Paule-Mandel random-effects meta-analyses of Relative Risks (RRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765674/a-comparative-evaluation-of-retention-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-placed-with-conventional-acid-etching-and-er-cr-ysgg-laser-etching-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Gyanendra Kumar, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon, Ferah Rehman
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the retention rates of sealant placed either with conventional acid etching or Er,Cr:YSGG laser pretreatment of enamel surface. Materials and methods: This is a prospective, single blind randomised controlled clinical trial enrolling 200 permanent first molars in 50 patients, aged 6-12 years for sealant placement. Study followed split mouth design where each side of the arch was randomly allocated to the two treatment group. Group A(Acid etch group): 37 % phosphoric acid (Scotchbond, 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany) was applied for 15 seconds, rinsed with water for 20 seconds and then air-dried using air spray...
December 30, 2016: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759120/pit-and-fissure-sealants-for-preventing-dental-decay-in-permanent-teeth
#5
REVIEW
Anneli Ahovuo-Saloranta, Helena Forss, Tanya Walsh, Anne Nordblad, Marjukka Mäkelä, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. Evidence suggests that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents compared to no sealants. Effectiveness may, however, be related to caries incidence level of the population. This is an update of a review published in 2004, 2008 and 2013...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703180/socioeconomic-inequality-in-the-provision-of-specific-preventive-dental-interventions-among-children-in-the-uk-children-s-dental-health-survey-2003
#6
R Shaban, S Kassim, W Sabbah
Aim To assess socioeconomic inequality regarding specific preventive interventions (fissure sealants or any treatment to prevent caries) and dental visits among UK children.Method Data were from the Children's Dental Health Survey 2003, which included participants from England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The number of children in the analysis was 2,286. Variables were sex, age, area of residency (for example, England), mother's education, family social class, and deprivation level. Descriptive and regression analyses were performed...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701639/synthesized-mesoporous-silica-and-calcium-aluminate-cement-fillers-increased-the-fluoride-recharge-and-lactic-acid-neutralizing-ability-of-a-resin-based-pit-and-fissure-sealant
#7
Atikom Surintanasarn, Krisana Siralertmukul, Niyom Thamrongananskul
This study evaluated the effect of different types of filler in a resin-based pit and fissure sealant on fluoride release, recharge, and lactic acid neutralization. Resin-based sealant was incorporated with 5% w/w of the following fillers: calcium aluminate cement (CAC), synthesized mesoporous silica (SI), a CAC and SI mixture (CAC+SI), glass-ionomer powder (GIC), and acetic acid-treated GIC (GICA). Sealant without filler served as control. The samples were immersed in deionized water or a lactic acid solution and the concentration of fluoride in the water, before and after fluoride recharge, and the lactic acid pH change, respectively, were determined...
July 12, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701637/retention-and-caries-preventive-effect-of-glass-ionomer-and-resin-based-sealants-an-18-month-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Asma Al-Jobair, Nouf Al-Hammad, Salwa Alsadhan, Fouad Salama
The objective of this study was to compare the retention and caries-preventive effect of glass ionomer (Fuji Triage) and resin-based (Clinpro) sealants among 6-9-year-old children. This split-mouth, randomized clinical trial covered 35 children/140 fully erupted permanent first molars. Evaluation was conducted by two independent examiners after 6, 12, and 18 months and the data were compared in relation to the children's caries risk and age groups. The Kaplan-Meier survival method and chi-square test were used for analysis...
July 12, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688508/fissure-sealants-and-fluoride-varnish-were-not-different-in-terms-of-their-effectiveness-in-preventing-dental-caries-in-permanent-first-molars
#9
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637986/the-logic-behind-the-use-of-fissure-sealant-retention-as-a-proxy-outcome-measure-for-dental-caries-prevention
#10
Steffen Mickenautsch
Fissure sealant retention is traditionally considered as a proxy measure for caries prevention. This study investigated the logic behind this proposition, and its validity. A logical framework of the proposition was established. The mechanism of caries development was transferred into a Directed acyclic graph, and this was used to investigate the logical framework. The sensitivity and specificity of full sealant retention in the prediction of dental carious lesion development and the number of false positive/false negative prediction rates were computed...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613154/seal-or-varnish-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-relative-cost-and-effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-and-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-decay
#11
Ivor Gordon Chestnutt, Simon Hutchings, Rebecca Playle, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Nadine Aawar, Lianna Angel, Sharron Derrick, Cheney Drew, Ceri Hoddell, Kerenza Hood, Ioan Humphreys, Nigel Kirby, Tin Man Mandy Lau, Catherine Lisles, Maria Zeta Morgan, Simon Murphy, Jacqueline Nuttall, Kateryna Onishchenko, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Charlotte Scoble, Julia Townson, Beverley Withers, Barbara Lesley Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) have been shown to be effective in preventing dental caries when tested against a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- and 7-year-olds and to determine their acceptability...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513786/3-year-survival-rates-of-retained-composite-resin-and-art-sealants-using-two-assessment-criteria
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Leandro Augusto Hilgert, Soraya Coelho Leal, Gabriela Mesquita Lopes Freire, Jan Mulder, Jo E Frencken
The aim was to test the null-hypothesis that there is no difference in the cumulative survival rate of retained composite resin (CR) sealants and a high-viscosity glass-ionomer Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) sealant in first permanent molars calculated according to the traditional and the modified retention assessment criteria over a period of 3 years. This cluster-randomized controlled clinical trial consisted of 123 schoolchildren, 6-7-years-old. At baseline, high-caries risk pits and fissures of fully erupted first permanent molars were treated with CR and ART sealants...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499493/bifunctional-dentifrice-amorphous-polyphosphate-a-regeneratively-active-sealant-with-potent-anti-streptococcus-mutans-activity
#13
Werner E G Müller, Meik Neufurth, Maximilian Ackermann, Emad Tolba, Michael Korzhev, Shunfeng Wang, Qingling Feng, Heinz C Schröder, Xiaohong Wang
OBJECTIVE: In this study we demonstrate that inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) exhibits a dual protective effect on teeth: it elicits a strong antibacterial effect against the cariogenic bacterium Streptococcus mutans and, in form of amorphous calcium polyP microparticles (size of 100-400nm), it efficiently reseals cracks/fissures in the tooth enamel and dentin. METHODS: Three different formulations of amorphous polyP microparticles (Ca-polyP, Zn-polyP and Sr-polyP) were prepared...
July 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408847/cost-analysis-of-pulmonary-lobectomy-procedure-comparison-of-stapler-versus-precision-dissection-and-sealant
#14
Andrea Droghetti, Giuseppe Marulli, Jacopo Vannucci, Michele Giovanardi, Maria Caterina Bottoli, Mark Ragusa, Giovanni Muriana
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the direct costs of pulmonary lobectomy hospitalization, comparing surgical techniques for the division of interlobar fissures: stapler (ST) versus electrocautery and hemostatic sealant patch (ES). METHODS: The cost comparison analysis was based on the clinical pathway and drawn up by collecting the information available from the Thoracic Surgery Division medical team at Mantova Hospital. Direct resource consumption was derived from a previous randomized controlled trial including 40 patients...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394709/fissure-seal-or-fluoride-varnish-a-randomized-trial-of-relative-effectiveness
#15
I G Chestnutt, R Playle, S Hutchings, S Morgan-Trimmer, D Fitzsimmons, N Aawar, L Angel, S Derrick, C Drew, C Hoddell, K Hood, I Humphreys, N Kirby, T M M Lau, C Lisles, M Z Morgan, S Murphy, J Nuttall, K Onishchenko, C Phillips, T Pickles, C Scoble, J Townson, B Withers, B L Chadwick
Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) are effective in preventing dental caries when compared with a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness of these interventions is uncertain. The objective of the study was to compare the clinical effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- to 7-y-olds. The study design was a randomized clinical trial, with 2 parallel arms. The setting was a targeted-population program that used mobile dental clinics in schools located within areas of high social and economic deprivation in South Wales...
July 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390467/the-effect-of-fluoride-varnish-on-enamel-shear-bond-strength-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#16
Rebecca A Frazer, Jeffrey A Platt, Brian J Sanders, Juan F Yepes, James E Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of fluoride varnish on the enamel shear bond strength of pit and fissure sealants. METHODS: Ninety-six teeth were divided into three duplicated test groups: sealant (S)/sealant thermocycle (ST) received Clinpro Sealant only; varnish sealant (VS)/varnish sealant thermocycle (VST) received five percent sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish plus sealant (VPS); and VPS/VPS thermocycle (VPST) received NaF, polish with Clinpro Prophy Paste, plus sealant...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347456/long-term-release-of-fluoride-from-fissure-sealants-in-vitro-study
#17
Piotr Kosior, Maciej Dobrzyński, Mariusz Korczyński, Katarzyna Herman, Agnieszka Czajczyńska-Waszkiewicz, Małgorzata Kowalczyk-Zając, Dagmara Piesiak-Pańczyszyn, Katarzyna Fita, Maciej Janeczek
The intensity of the cariostatic activity of fluoride ions can be attributed to their multidirectional influence on the caries process. They are an irreplaceable factor that helps sustain mineral balance of dental tissues, simultaneously demonstrating antibacterial properties. As a consequence, many manufacturers of fissure sealants include fluoride ions in their products. The aim of this in vitro study was to determine long-term fluoride release from four fissure sealants (Conseal F, Fissurit FX, Delton Fs+, Admira Seal)...
May 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327263/pit-and-fissure-sealant-retention-following-air-abrasion-preparation-with-bioactive-glass-and-aluminum-oxide-particles
#18
Maryam Khoroushi, Alireza Eshghi, Fatemeh Naderibeni
PURPOSE: Alumina air abrasion is an alternative for acid-etch technique for tooth preparation before placement of a fissure sealant. The aim of this study was to compare the retention of sealants placed subsequent to air abrasion with alumina and bioactive glass (BAG) particles. METHODS: Sixty-two 6-12 year old children were included in this study. Using a halfmouth design, the fissures were prepared using air abrasion with alumina particles on randomly assigned permanent mandibular or/and maxillary first molars on one side of the mouth (Group 1) and air abrasion with BAG on the contralateral side of the mouth (Group 2)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322359/clinical-evaluation-of-a-fissure-sealant-placed-by-acid-etching-or-er-yag-laser-combined-with-acid-etching
#19
Basak Durmus, Figen Giray, Sertac Peker, Betul Kargul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of conventional acid etching alone (acid etching) and Er:YAG laser combined with acid etching (laser + acid etching) on fissure sealant (FS) retention of first permanent molars (FPMs) after 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a split-mouth design in 51 children, a total of 204 FPMs were sealed with acid etching alone or laser plus acid etching (laser+acid). The retention of sealants and occurrence of caries were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281950/penetration-of-filled-and-unfilled-resin-sealants-on-different-enamel-substrates
#20
Kamila Rosamilia Kantovitz, Kelly Maria Silva Moreira, Fernanda Miori Pascon, Francisco Humberto Nociti, Cinthia P Machado Tabchoury, Regina Maria Puppin-Rontani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the penetration ratio of filled and unfilled resin-based sealants on different enamel substrates and pit and fissure morphologies. METHODS: Forty-eight occlusal enamel blocks obtained from impacted human third molars were randomly divided (n equals eight) according to enamel substrates (sound; caries-like lesion; caries-like lesion plus topical fluoride application) and sealant material (FluroShield; Helioseal Clear Chroma). Sealants were applied on the enamel surface...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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