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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#1
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891464/awareness-of-eco-friendly-dentistry-among-dental-faculty-and-students-of-king-khalid-university-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohammed A Al-Qarni, Nasim Vahid Shakeela, Mohammed Abdullah Alamri, Yahya A Alshaikh
INTRODUCTION: Eco-friendly or green dentistry can be a reality by effectively designing dental clinics and using more eco-friendly materials in the clinical practice. AIM: To determine the awareness of eco-friendly dentistry among dental faculty and students in preparation for future implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of knowledge regarding eco-friendly dentistry was done using an 18 item self-administered questionnaire among 160 participants...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890003/biofilm-mediated-antibiotic-resistant-oral-bacterial
#3
Indu Lata Kanwar, Abhishek Kumar Sah, Preeti K Suresh
Oral diseases like dental caries and periodontal disease are directly associated with the capability of bacteria to form biofilm. Periodontal diseases have been associated to anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria forming a subgingival plaque (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus, Prevotella and Fusobacterium). Biofilm is a complex bacterial community that is highly resistant to antibiotics and human immunity. Biofilm communities are the causative agents of biological developments such as dental caries, periodontitis, and peri-implantitis, and causing periodontal tissue breakdown...
November 24, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876721/-prevention-of-lingual-nerve-damage-by-removing-stones-from-submandibular-salivary-gland-duct
#4
V A Semkin, V V Sogacheva
The aim of the study was to elaborate lingual nerve sparing procedure of submandibular gland duct stones extraction. The study involved 43 patients with syalolithiasis treated in Oral Surgery Unit of Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery in 2013-2015. It was shown that to prevent lingual nerve and artery injury submandibular salivary gland duct should be dissected to the level of obstruction thus allowing adequate visualization of anatomical correlations especially when removing stones from the distal part of the duct...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#5
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863607/-awareness-is-the-first-step-an-interprofessional-course-on-mindfulness-mindful-movement-for-healthcare-professionals-and-students
#6
Patricia Kinser, Sarah Braun, George Deeb, Caroline Carrico, Alan Dow
High levels of stress and related burnout in healthcare professionals (HCPs) are prevalent and costly conditions. Mindfulness training has received recent attention as a possible prevention/intervention strategy to enhance resilience to stress and reduce risk of burnout in HCPs. The purpose of this mixed-methods pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of an 8-week mindfulness curriculum for interprofessional HCPs and trainees (n = 27). Qualitative findings supported feasibility and acceptability of the course for a wide variety of HCP disciplines, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, social work, mental health, and clinical research...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843829/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-oral-health-care-in-prevention-of-early-childhood-caries-among-parents-of-children-in-belagavi-city-a-questionnaire-study
#7
H P Suma Sogi, Shivayogi M Hugar, Triveni Mohan Nalawade, Anjali Sinha, Shweta Hugar, Rachappa M Mallikarjuna
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and practices of "oral health care" in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECCs) among parents of children in Belagavi city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka. Institutional Ethical Clearance was obtained. The study was conducted during the month of April 2014 to October 2014 after taking prior informed consent from the 218 parents...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834914/gene-therapy-a-paradigm-shift-in-dentistry
#8
REVIEW
Nida Siddique, Hira Raza, Sehrish Ahmed, Zohaib Khurshid, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Gene therapy holds a promising future for bridging the gap between the disciplines of medicine and clinical dentistry. The dynamic treatment approaches of gene therapy have been advancing by leaps and bounds. They are transforming the conventional approaches into more precise and preventive ones that may limit the need of using drugs and surgery. The oral cavity is one of the most accessible areas for the clinical applications of gene therapy for various oral tissues. The idea of genetic engineering has become more exciting due to its advantages over other treatment modalities...
November 10, 2016: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807203/characteristics-of-brazilian-offenders-and-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-an-exploratory-study
#9
Sérgio d'Avila, Ana Cristina Campos, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of Brazilian offenders and victims of interpersonal violence, following a medicolegal and forensic perspective. A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed in a Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry. The sample was made up of 1,704 victims of nonlethal interpersonal violence with some type of trauma. The victims were subject to forensic examinations by a criminal investigative team that identified and recorded the extent of the injuries. For data collection, a specific form was designed consisting of four parts according to the information provided in the medicolegal and social records: sociodemographic data of the victims, offender's characteristics, aggression characteristics, and types of injuries...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803205/the-impact-of-an-infant-oral-health-program-on-dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes
#10
Marcelle M Nascimento, Leda Mugayar, Scott L Tomar, Cynthia W Garvan, Frank A Catalanotto, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of early childhood caries and many general dentists' reluctance to treat young children and pregnant women demand new educational programs to foster delivery of oral health services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an Infant Oral Health Program (IOHP) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry on dental students' knowledge about and willingness to provide dental care for infants, children up to three years of age, and pregnant women. A total of 233 dental students in the first through fourth years and recent graduates completed a survey that assessed the educational outcomes of the IOHP; only the fourth-year students had received IOHP training...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790581/efficacy-of-four-fluoride-mouth-rinses-on-streptococcus-mutans-in-high-caries-risk-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Shailaja Rao Perala, Prameela Bhupathiraju
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries has been traditionally described as a multifactorial disease that involves the interaction of various factors like host, agent, substrate and time. Landmark studies have established the fact that Mutans Streptococci are the primary etiologic agents of dental caries. The prevention of dental caries by fluoride supplements in various vehicles, such as water and toothpaste, constitutes one of the most successful prevention measures. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical efficacy of four fluoride mouth rinses on Streptococcus mutans in high caries risk children and also to check the efficacy of the ingredient Triclosan which is present in two of the four mouth rinses...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787811/cell-protection-mechanism-through-autophagy-in-hgfs-s-mitis-co-culture-treated-with-chitlac-nag
#12
Marialucia Gallorini, Viviana di Giacomo, Valentina Di Valerio, Monica Rapino, Domenico Bosco, Andrea Travan, Mara Di Giulio, Roberta Di Pietro, Sergio Paoletti, Amelia Cataldi, Silvia Sancilio
Silver-based products have been proven to be effective in retarding and preventing bacterial growth since ancient times. In the field of restorative dentistry, the use of silver ions/nanoparticles has been explored to counteract bacterial infections, as silver can destroy bacterial cell walls by reacting with membrane proteins. However, it is also cytotoxic towards eukaryotic cells, which are capable of internalizing nanoparticles. In this work, we investigated the biological effects of Chitlac-nAg, a colloidal system based on a modified chitosan (Chitlac), administered for 24-48 h to a co-culture of primary human gingival fibroblasts and Streptococcus mitis in the presence of saliva, developed to mimic the microenvironment of the oral cavity...
December 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786620/a-novel-rat-model-of-polymicrobial-peri-implantitis-a-preliminary-study
#13
Theofilos Koutouzis, Christie Eastman, Sasanka Chukkapalli, Hannu Larjava, Lakshmyya Kesavalu
BACKGROUND: Peri-implantitis is a complex polymicrobial biofilm-induced inflammatory osteolytic gingival infection that results in orofacial implant failures. There are no preclinical in vivo studies in implant dentistry that have investigated the inflammatory response to known microbial biofilms observed in humans. The aim is to develop a novel peri-implant rat model using an established model of polymicrobial periodontitis. METHODS: Wistar rats were used for the study of experimental peri-implantitis...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770768/phage-therapy-a-new-horizon-in-the-antibacterial-treatment-of-oral-pathogens
#14
Mor Shlezinger, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Grégory Resch, Yok-Ai Que, Shaul Beyth, Elisheva Dorfman, Ronen Hazan, Nurit Beyth
Dental diseases are perhaps the most prevalent infection-related diseases in humans. Biofilm is involved in almost every infectious disease compromising oral health, notably caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, endodontic infections and peri-implantitis. Current therapies of biofilm-derived oral infections lack sensitivity; they are not species-specific and kill pathogenic species as well as commensal species, which are protective against the formation of pathogenic biofilms. Moreover, antibiotics have a limited effect on biofilm and are almost unused in oral diseases...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756271/kinematic-analysis-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-loading-of-trunk-among-dentists-in-germany
#15
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Imke Hauck, Jennifer Nowak, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: In Germany, about 86.7 % of the dentists have stated to suffer from pain in the neck and shoulder region. These findings are predominantly based on surveys. Therefore the objective of this study is to conduct a kinematic analysis of occupational posture in dentistry. METHODS: Twenty one dentists (11 f/10 m; age: 40.1 ± 10.4 years) have participated in this examination. The CUELA-System was used to collect kinematic data of the activities on an average dental workday...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719711/-summary-of-conference-on-oral-care-clinical-research
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715347/crucial-conversations-an-interprofessional-learning-opportunity-for-senior-healthcare-students
#17
Megan Delisle, Ruby Grymonpre, Rebecca Whitley, Debrah Wirtzfeld
Clinical errors due to human mistakes are estimated to result in 400,000 preventable deaths per year. Strategies to improve patient safety often rely on healthcare workers' ability to speak up with concerns. This becomes difficult during critical decision-making as a result of conflicting opinions and power differentials, themes underrepresented in many interprofessional initiatives. These elements are prominent in our interprofessional initiative, namely Crucial Conversations. We sought to evaluate this initiative as an interprofessional learning (IPL) opportunity for pre-licensure senior healthcare students, as a way to foster interprofessional collaboration, and as a method of empowering students to vocalise their concerns...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703614/comparative-efficacy-of-aloe-vera-mouthwash-and-chlorhexidine-on-periodontal-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Swathi Vangipuram, Abhishek Jha, Mamtha Bhashyam
BACKGROUND: With introduction of many herbal medicines, dentistry has recently evidenced shift of approach for treating many inflammatory oral diseases by using such modalities. Aloe vera is one such product exhibiting multiple benefits and has gained considerable importance in clinical research recently. AIM: To compare the efficacy of Aloevera and Chlorhexidine mouthwash on Periodontal Health. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty days randomized controlled trial was conducted among 390 dental students...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689932/professional-variability-in-decision-making-in-modern-dentistry-a-pilot-study
#19
S Listl, C M Faggion, H J Staehle
Dental treatment planning is usually expected to take account of the individual patient's clinical risks and benefits. Ideally, the therapeutic choice for each and every patient should be based on adequate clinical diagnostics and risk assessment that facilitates stabilization of the patient's clinical condition as well as prevents further oral impairment. However, identification of the most suitable approach tends to become more and more challenging as the number of therapeutic alternatives continues to increase due to medical innovation...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689517/platelet-rich-fibrin-prf-in-implant-dentistry-in-combination-with-new-bone-regenerative-technique-in-elderly-patients
#20
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Borri, Mario Caggiano, Massimo Amato
INTRODUCTION: Some studies have demonstrated that platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a healing biomaterial with a great potential for bone and soft tissue regeneration, without any inflammatory reactions and may be used alone or in combination with bone grafts, promoting hemostasis, bone growth, and maturation. PRF appears as a natural and satisfactory aid in bone regenerative surgery in elderly patients with favorable results and low risks. AIM: This study wants to demonstrate how PRF in association with a new split crest augmentation technique can be a great aid in implant rehabilitation, especially in the elderly patients, when bone regeneration is required...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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