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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718462/-preventive-dentistry-7-getting-rid-of-halitosis
#1
T M H de Jong, M L Laine
Halitosis or bad breath is a problem that affects many people and its source is generally found in the oral cavity (intra-oral halitosis). Bacteria in the oral cavity produce volatile sulphur compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methyl mercaptan that not only emit an unpleasant odour, but may also have toxic effects on the periodontal tissues. Good oral hygiene, a healthy periodontium and healthy teeth are the basis for the prevention of intra-oral halitosis and dentists and dental hygienists therefore play an essential role in its prevention...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715306/a-data-rich-longitudinal-wellness-study-for-the-digital-age-fixing-a-broken-medical-system-requires-data-about-each-patient
#2
Gustavo Glusman
We live in an age of plentiful information, collected continuously by pervasive gadgetry, distributed through digital and social networks, and mined deeply by ever-more-powerful analytics systems. And yet, one of the things we know the least about is our bodies. When it comes to our own health, we are driving blindly. Modern medicine has clearly been remarkably successful, as evidenced by continually growing life expectancies. For example, the number of people 65 and older in the United States has seen a steady increase over the last century, rising from 3...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712110/assessing-attitudes-and-actions-of-pediatric-dentists-toward-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#3
Robin Wright, Paul S Casamassimo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a major US health concern, and oral health professionals have opportunities to participate in an interprofessional effort to intervene owing to their access to young patients and their abilities in addressing obesity-related dietary habits like consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This study determined attitudes, behaviors, future intentions, and perceived barriers of pediatric dentists regarding efforts to prevent childhood obesity and reduce children's consumption of SSBs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688182/analysis-of-the-adverse-events-reported-to-the-office-of-the-clinical-director-at-a-dental-school-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#4
María F Huertas, Juliana Gonzalez, Sandra Camacho, Ana L Sarralde, Adriana Rodríguez
Dentistry is interested in identifying and controlling adverse events, understood as involuntary injuries to the patient during dental care. The aim of this study was to analyze the adverse events reported to the Office of the Clinical Director at the School of Dentistry at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Colombia) during 2011-2012. It was an observational, descriptive study that evaluated 227 dental clinical records of patients who filed a complaint with the Office of the Clinical Director. Of these, 43 were adverse events and were used as the basis for this study...
April 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680842/evaluation-of-the-morphology-of-the-canalis-sinuosus-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-maxillary-impacted-canines
#5
Gokhan Gurler, Cagri Delilbasi, Emine Esen Ogut, Kader Aydin, Ufuk Sakul
PURPOSE: The nasopalatine canal is a well-known, important anatomical structure in the anterior maxilla, but this region contains many accessory canals. The canalis sinuosus (CS) is one of these canals; it contains the anterior superior alveolar nerve, along with veins and arteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the CS using conebeam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients with maxillary impacted canines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 111 patients admitted to the Istanbul Medipol University School of Dentistry for the exposure, orthodontic treatment, and/or extraction of an impacted canine were included in this study...
June 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674700/editorial-oral-health-and-cancer-patients-in-need-of-preventive-dentistry-interventions
#6
Kristina Bertl, Andreas Stavropoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671915/classifying-adverse-events-in-the-dental-office
#7
Elsbeth Kalenderian, Enihomo Obadan-Udoh, Peter Maramaldi, Jini Etolue, Alfa Yansane, Denice Stewart, Joel White, Ram Vaderhobli, Karla Kent, Nutan B Hebballi, Veronique Delattre, Maria Kahn, Oluwabunmi Tokede, Rachel B Ramoni, Muhammad F Walji
BACKGROUND: Dentists strive to provide safe and effective oral healthcare. However, some patients may encounter an adverse event (AE) defined as "unnecessary harm due to dental treatment." In this research, we propose and evaluate two systems for categorizing the type and severity of AEs encountered at the dental office. METHODS: Several existing medical AE type and severity classification systems were reviewed and adapted for dentistry. Using data collected in previous work, two initial dental AE type and severity classification systems were developed...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671505/local-injection-of-hyaluronic-acid-filler-improves-open-gingival-embrasure-validation-through-a-rat-model
#8
Soojin Pi, Yoon Jeong Choi, Soonshin Hwang, Dong-Won Lee, Jong In Yook, Kyung-Ho Kim, Chooryung J Chung
BACKGROUND: Open gingival embrasure, so called the "black triangle", is one of the unsolved dilemmas in adult dentistry. Although various techniques were introduced to improve the black triangles, the lack of reproducible experimental models has prevented the development of successful protocols to regenerate or to compensate the loss of the interdental papilla. Therefore, the objective of this study was first to develop a reliable animal model of open gingival embrasure, and then to validate a minimally invasive injection technique using the hyaluronic acid (HA) filler to augment the interdental papilla...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669170/knowledge-about-human-papillomavirus-and-cervical-cancer-predictors-of-hpv-vaccination-among-dental-students
#9
Kingston Rajiah, Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kelly Sze Fang Num, Raymond Chee How Koh
Background: The objective of this study is to determine the influence of dental students’ knowledge and attitude regarding human papillomavirus infection of cervical cancer on willingness to pay for vaccination. Basic research design: A convenience sampling method was used. The minimal sample size of 136 was calculated using the Raosoft calculator with a 5 % margin of error and 95% confidence level. Participants: The study population were all final year dental students from the School of Dentistry. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure knowledge levels and attitudes regarding human papillomavirus vaccination...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663657/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-prevents-hypoxia-in-dental-patient-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-under-intravenous-sedation
#10
Anton A Kasatkin, Aleksei P Reshetnikov, Aleksandr L Urakov, Dmitrii Y Baimurzin
Use of sedation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in dentistry is limited. Hypoxia may develop during medication sleep in dental patients with OSA because of repetitive partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway. In this regard, anesthesiologists prefer not to give any sedative to surgical patients with OSA or support the use of general anesthesia due to good airway control. We report a case where we could successfully sedate a dental patient with OSA using intraoperative continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) without hypoxia...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661813/a-workforce-strategy-for-reducing-oral-health-disparities-dental-therapists
#11
Jane Koppelman, Rebecca Singer-Cohen
This article seeks to chronicle how dental therapists are being used to bolster the supply of providers for the underserved and explore their potential to diversify the field of dentistry and improve public health. Of the factors that contribute to persistent oral health disparities in the United States, an insufficient oral health workforce figures prominently. A growing number of states are authorizing a midlevel dental provider (often called a dental therapist) to address this problem. Dental therapists work under the supervision of dentists to deliver routine preventive and restorative care, including preparing and filling cavities and performing extractions...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658905/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-towards-avulsed-permanent-tooth-of-their-children-and-its-emergency-management-in-bhopal-city
#12
Ankur Jain, Parimala Kulkarni, Srikant Kumar, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Dental avulsion is a commonly reported traumatic injury causing pain, aesthetic, functional, psychological and mental impairment. Since parents are in the immediate vicinity of children in such situations, their knowledge regarding the same is of great importance. AIM: The aim of present study was to assess the level of parental knowledge and their attitude towards dental avulsion and its emergency management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-stemmed questionnaire was prepared for this study which was modified form of questionnaire used by Raphael and Gregory...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653049/precision-and-security-in-restorative-dentistry-the-synergy-of-isolation-and-magnification
#13
Stephane Browet, David Gerdolle
It is often presumed that, since its introduction in 1864, the use of rubber dam in multiple dental procedures has increased. However, its use is not as widespread as one might expect. There still seem to be many obstacles that prevent clinicians from adopting it as a standard of care. Furthermore, it appears very difficult to scientifically prove the impact of its use on the final outcome of a given procedure. The fundamental idea of isolating the operatory field and preventing contamination is simple; the practical execution of it is more demanding...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650137/how-to-manage-the-biological-risk-in-a-dental-clinic-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#14
Matteo Saccucci, Gaetano Ierardo, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali, Antonella Polimeni
Dental Personnel (DP) may be exposed to pathogens during dental treatment, either through contact contaminated equipment, or with blood and respiratory secretion. On the other hand, health care professionals are constantly exposed to pathogens and opportunists in their work environment. Consequently, the dental healthcare environment is connected with the risk of exposure to biological agents both for patients and dental workers, and involves a wide number of microorganisms that can be present in biological matrices (gingival fluids, saliva, blood), contaminated and/or non-sanitized surfaces, water used in the dental unit, or emitted by patients suffering or carrier of a transmissible disease...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645269/restricted-posture-in-dentistry-a-kinematic-analysis-of-orthodontists
#15
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Imke Hauck, Jennifer Nowak, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: This study aims at identifying orthodontic activities with the highest frequency of unfavorable/awkward and static postures held over a period of more than 4 s based on kinematic analysis. Moreover, a separate analysis of static postures for orthodontic and non-orthodontic activities serves to evaluate the duration for which these particular postures are assumed. METHODS: In total, 21 (13f/8 m) orthodontists (age: 31.5 ± 3.8 years) participated in this study...
June 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643822/-preventive-dentistry-6-prevention-of-caries-in-frail-older-people
#16
C D van der Maarel-Wierink, C de Baat
Many older people have a bad oral health, with (root) caries a prevalent cause. Alarming results of research projects raise the question whether sufficient preventive measures are being taken to prevent the development and progress of (root) caries in frail older people. A review of the recent literature revealed that in frail older people and physically or cognitively impaired adults, daily use of a 5,000 ppm fluoride toothpaste and quarterly application of chlorhexidine or sodium fluoride can decrease by half the risk of root caries...
June 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629008/multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-graphene-oxide-hybrid-and-nanohydroxyapatite-composite-a-novel-coating-to-prevent-dentin-erosion
#17
Sídnei Nahorny, Hudson Zanin, Vinie Abreu Christino, Fernanda Roberta Marciano, Anderson Oliveira Lobo, Luís Eduardo Silva Soares
To date is emergent the development of novel coatings to protect erosion, especially to preventive dentistry and restorative dentistry. Here, for the first time we report the effectiveness of multi-walled carbon nanotube/graphene oxide hybrid carbon-base material (MWCNTO-GO) combined with nanohydroxyapatite (nHAp) as a protective coating for dentin erosion. Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-Raman), scanning electron (SEM), and transmission electron (TEM) microscopy were used to investigated the coatings and the effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF) treatment on bovine teeth root dentin before and after erosion...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620635/pioneering-strategies-for-relieving-dental-anxiety-in-hearing-impaired-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#18
Shalini Chandrasekhar, Ghanashyam Prasad Madu, Naga Radhakrishna Ambati, Pavani Reddy Suravarapu, Kalyani Uppu, Deepthi Bolla
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Hearing impaired children have a problem in understanding and comprehending with dental treatments. Visual language is the sensible answer of how to improve communication with them. PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of dental sign language in Hearing impaired children in relieving anxiety during stressful dental treatment by improving their means of communication. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry which included 40 Hearing Impaired children meeting inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620442/efficacy-of-nanoceria-for-periodontal-tissues-alteration-in-glutamate-induced-obese-rats-multidisciplinary-considerations-for-personalized-dentistry-and-prevention
#19
Tetyana V Beregova, Karine S Neporada, Maksym Skrypnyk, Tetyana M Falalyeyeva, Nadiya M Zholobak, Oleksandr B Shcherbakov, Mykola Ya Spivak, Rostyslav V Bubnov
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, we face the global epidemic of obesity, that is known to contribute to the development of many diseases, such as the oral cavity pathologies. Dental and oral pathologies are frequently caused by and overlapped with systemic multifactorial diseases such as obesity being its early indicators and risk factors. The aim was to study the influence of nanoceria on periodontal tissues alteration in glutamate (MSG)-induced obese rats. METHODS: We included 52 Wistar rats of both genders and divided into four groups: newborn rats in group 1 (control) received subcutaneously 8 μl/g saline...
March 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619693/oral-astringent-stimuli-alter-the-enamel-pellicle-s-ultrastructure-as-revealed-by-electron-microscopy
#20
Melanie Rehage, Judith Delius, Thomas Hofmann, Matthias Hannig
OBJECTIVES: This electron microscopic study aimed at investigating effects of oral astringent stimuli on the enamel pellicle's morphology. METHODS: Pellicles were formed in situ within 30min on bovine enamel slabs, fixed to individuals' upper jaw splints. The pellicle-coated specimens were immersed in vitro in seven diverse astringent solutions and subsequently analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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