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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460522/mechanical-chemical-and-biological-aspects-of-titanium-and-titanium-alloys-in-implant-dentistry
#1
L Ottria, D Lauritano, M Andreasi Bassi, A Palmieri, V Candotto, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Implant dentistry has become a popular restorative option in clinical practice. Titanium and titanium alloys are the gold standard for endo-osseus dental implants production, thanks to their biocompatibility, resistance to corrosion and mechanical properties. The characteristics of the titanium implant surface seem to be particularly relevant in the early phase of osseointegration. Furthermore, the microstructure of implant surface can largely influence the bone remodelling at the level of the bone-implant surface...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460519/human-papilloma-virus-associated-with-oral-cancer-and-preventive-strategies-the-role-of-vaccines
#2
L Ottria, V Candotto, F Cura, L Baggi, C Arcuri, M Nardone, R M Gaudio, R Gatto, F Spadari, F Carinci
The aim of this paper is to describe the efficacy of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccines for preventing oral cancer. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to describe the state of the art about HPV vaccines for preventing oral cancer. The aspects of prevention and control of infection by administering vaccines and the diffusion of sexual education campaigns are discussed also. In recent years there has been a growing interest in HPV in dentistry, suggesting a role of such a family of viruses in the development of oral cancers as well as of the uterine cervix...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460517/peri-implant-test-is-a-proposal-of-a-new-procedure-to-prevent-peri-implantitis-and-forensic-claims
#3
R M Gaudio, L Ottria, D Lauritano, A Palmieri, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Implant dentistry has become one of the most successful techniques for oral rehabilitation over the last 20 years. The success rate of implant oral rehabilitation is above 80% while peri-implant disease (PID) is the most important complication of implant dentistry. The main cause of PID is considered bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection of a two-piece implant system. Prevention and control of bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection is mandatory for reducing inflammation process around implants neck and achieving bone stability...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449021/effect-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-inhibitor-on-resin-dentin-bonds
#4
Qianmin Ou, Ya Hu, Siqi Yao, Yan Wang, Xuefeng Lin
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) on resin-dentin bonds, assessed the mechanical properties of the interfaces over time, and discussed the potential application of MMP-8 inhibitor I (MMP8-I) as a specific MMP-8 inhibitor to be incorporated into dental adhesives. METHODS: The activation and inhibition of MMP-8 was detected by colorimetric assay. After 1 day, 6 months and 1 year of storage of Control, MMP8-I, and chlorhexidine (CHX) groups, the microtensile bond strengths (μTBS) were used to evaluate the bond strength and failure mode distributions, and nanoleakage analysis was used to evaluate the minor scattered silver particles...
February 12, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446267/skin-irritation-from-a-facial-mask-in-class-iii-malocclusion-evaluation-of-individual-silicone-chin-cups-in-a-group-of-100-children
#5
Gaetano Ierardo, Valeria Luzzi, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni, Maurizio Bossù
BACKGROUND: Reverse headgear (a facial mask) is one of the most frequently used interceptive orthodontic devices in patients with Class III malocclusion. It is a simple device but may present some drawbacks related to pressure on the skin generated by the forehead and chin supports linked to the maxillary intraoral appliance by elastics. This can cause injury to the chin and lips. METHODS: Patients between 7 and 8 years of age were selected from the Unit of Pediatric Dentistry...
April 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446005/assessing-oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-students
#6
Gaye Keser, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
The aim of this study was to assess oral cancer awareness among undergraduate dental students in Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry. A validated questionnaire which tested oral cancer awareness was given to third- and fifth-year students of the dental faculty of Marmara University. A total of 198 students participated in this survey. Knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and diagnosis procedures, dentistry student's attitude towards oral cancers, management practice regarding oral cancer, and oral cancer information sources were assessed using 25 questions...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377968/-preventive-dentistry-9-non-restorative-cavity-treatment-advanced-insight-or-controversial
#7
R J M Gruythuysen, A J P van Strijp
Non-Restorative Cavity Treatment (NRCT) is not as popular in paediatric dentistry as it should be. Substantial quantitative and qualitative evidence concerning the treatment has now been published that testifies to the success of the treatment. Some healthcare providers apply the method successfully, while others have no trust in this non-invasive cavity treatment and continue to favour the restoration of carious lesions. Reasons given for this are, among others, that NRCT is too bothersome, the patient's (or the patient's parents') compliance is low and the reimbursement is inadequate...
January 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362689/ergonomic-risk-and-preventive-measures-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-dentistry-environment-an-umbrella-review
#8
Simone De Sio, Veronica Traversini, Francesca Rinaldo, Valerio Colasanti, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Roberto Perri, Federica Mormone, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Guerra
Introduction: Dental practitioners are exposed to different occupational hazards during the course of their professional activity, such as physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic factors. The ergonomic hazards, caused by strained posture and prolonged repetitive movements, can induce musculoskeletal disorders. It occurs in 54-93% of dental professionals and involve the spine, shoulder and hand-wrist tract. Through a systematic review of international literature, we analyzed specific ergonomic risk factors and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in professional dental activity...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362633/testing-the-effect-of-aggressive-beverage-on-the-damage-of-enamel-structure
#9
Mitar Lutovac, Olga V Popova, Gordana Macanovic, Radoman Kristina, Bojana Lutovac, Sonja Ketin, Rade Biocanin
BACKGROUND: Dental erosion is a common problem in modern societies, owing to the increased consumption of acid drinks such as soft drinks, sports drinks, fruit juice. Examining the enamel surface with the Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) enables more precise registering and defining the changes of enamel surface structure and microhardness. This method can be used to compare the efficiency of application of different preventive and therapy materials and medicaments in dentistry. The chronic regular consumption of low pH cola drinks encouraged the erosion of the teeth...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355417/reminova-and-eaer-keeping-enamel-whole-through-caries-remineralization
#10
N B Pitts, J P Wright
This article aims to outline the early development of a King's College London dental spinout company, Reminova, formed to commercialize a novel clinical method of caries remineralization: electrically accelerated and enhanced remineralization (EAER). This method is being developed to address the unmet clinical need identified by modern caries management strategies to keep enamel "whole" through remineralization of clinical caries as a form of nonoperative caries treatment for initial-stage and moderate lesions...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355411/potential-uses-of-arginine-in-dentistry
#11
M M Nascimento
Carious lesions develop in tooth surfaces where there is an imbalance of the processes of acid and alkali production by supragingival biofilms. Since low pH is the main driving factor in the development of carious lesions, most efforts to identify an effective anticaries therapy have focused on targeting the acid-producing bacteria and their mechanisms of acid production. An expanding area of oral microbiology has now been devoted to explore microbial metabolic activities that help to neutralize biofilm pH and thus inhibit the caries process...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335686/synthetic-hydroxyapatite-as-a-biomimetic-oral-care-agent
#12
Joachim Enax, Matthias Epple
PURPOSE: Human tooth enamel consists mostly of minerals, primarily hydroxyapatite, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, and thus synthetic hydroxyapatite can be used as a biomimetic oral care agent. This review describes the synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite from a chemist's perspective and provides an overview of its current use in oral care, with a focus on dentin hypersensitivity, caries, biofilm management, erosion, and enamel lesions. SOURCES: Reviews and original research papers published in English and German were included...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#13
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#14
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314344/caries-outcome-following-an-intensive-fluoride-varnish-treatment-regimen-for-children-at-high-risk-for-early-childhood-caries
#15
Agelina E Paek, Yihong Li, Zhemeng Wang, Patrick So, Malvin N Janal, Neal G Herman, Andrew Hopkins, Courtney Chinn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the caries relapse rate for a cohort of 2- to 4-year-old children at high risk of early childhood caries when treated with an intensive fluoride varnish (FV) regimen. METHODS: Eighty paediatric patients were recruited. Forty of these patients were high risk and received the FV treatment (three applications within 2 weeks and additional applications at 1 and 3 months) during 2009-2010. Mutans streptococci (MS) levels in the saliva were evaluated during the treatment period...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299732/mi-varnish-and-mi-paste-plus-in-a-caries-prevention-and-remineralization-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Peter Rechmann, Sona Bekmezian, Beate M T Rechmann, Benjamin W Chaffee, John D B Featherstone
OBJECTIVES: White spot lesions (WSLs) are a complication of orthodontic therapy. This study investigated the effect of MI (minimally invasive) Paste Plus (MIPP) and MI Varnish (MIV) on WSLs in orthodontic patients during a 12-month, randomized, single-blind, prospective, standard-of-care controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects, recruited from the UCSF School of Dentistry Orthodontics Clinic, were randomly assigned to the experimental (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, daily MIPP, quarterly MIV application) or control group (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, fluoride rinse recommendation)...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296109/preventive-orientation-of-iraqi-dentists-in-baghdad-in-2016
#17
Fatin Abd Alsttar Aledhari, Katayoun Sargeran, Mahdia Gholami, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the preventive orientation of Iraqi dentists in terms of their "knowledge" and "attitude" towards caries prevention and to explore their "preventive practice". Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 159 dentists who worked in Baghdad during the summer of 2016. The questionnaires obtained information on variables such as knowledge and attitude towards preventive dentistry, preventive practice and demographic variables and were distributed during the official working time...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284958/evaluation-of-microhardness-of-residual-dentin-in-primary-molars-following-caries-removal-with-conventional-and-chemomechanical-techniques-an-in-vitro-study
#18
A Shihab Anwar, R Krishna Kumar, V Arun Prasad Rao, N Venugopal Reddy, V J Reshma
Background: Many patients consider removal of caries to be a very unpleasant experience. Removal of caries with conventional drill is considered traumatic mainly due to fear and anxiety of children and their parents. Minimally invasive dentistry adopts a philosophy that integrates prevention, remineralization, and minimal intervention for the placement and replacement of restorations, thus reaching the treatment objective using the least invasive surgical approach, with the removal of the minimal amount of healthy tissues...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#19
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284933/evaluation-of-efficiency-of-different-decontamination-methods-of-dental-burs-an-in-vivo-study
#20
Abirami Mathivanan, D Saisadan, P Manimaran, C Dhinesh Kumar, K Sasikala, Ajmalkhan Kattack
Introduction: Infection control is very important in dentistry. Both dentist and patients are at risk of communicating diseases during treatment procedures. Dental burs have been identified as a source of cross-contamination between patient and dental personnel. Aim: The present study was done to quantitatively and qualitatively assess the pathogenic contamination of dental burs used for tooth preparation and to determine the effective method of sterilization(autoclave, glass bead sterilizer, hot air oven and surgical spirit immersion) of burs used for crown preparation...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
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