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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822139/confocal-raman-mapping-of-collagen-cross-link-and-crystallinity-of-human-dentin-enamel-junction
#1
Amel Slimani, Fares Nouioua, Alban Desoutter, Bernard Levallois, Frédéric J G Cuisinier, Hervé Tassery, Elodie Terrer, Hamideh Salehi
The separation zone between enamel and dentin [dentin-enamel junction (DEJ)] with different properties in biomechanical composition has an important role in preventing crack propagation from enamel to dentin. The understanding of the chemical structure (inorganic and organic components), physical properties, and chemical composition of the human DEJ could benefit biomimetic materials in dentistry. Spatial distribution of calcium phosphate crystallinity and the collagen crosslinks near DEJ were studied using confocal Raman microscopy and calculated by different methods...
August 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817130/the-use-of-autogenous-gingival-graft-for-treatment-of-lingual-recession-on-mandibular-anterior-teeth
#2
Gonçalo Assis, Myron Nevins, David M Kim
The goal of this article is to demonstrate the practicality and results of increasing the zone of keratinized tissue on the lingual surface of mandibular anterior teeth via case reports. Calculus is most commonly found on the lingual surface of these teeth, so they are subjected to inflammatory elements resulting in tissue deformation and destruction. Significant attention has been paid to grafting the buccal surface, but there is a paucity of information addressing the lingual surface of mandibular anterior teeth...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814181/full-mouth-intraoral-radiographic-survey-in-rabbits
#3
Adriana Regalado, Loïc Legendre
Dental pathologies are highly prevalent in pet rabbit populations, making oral radiography an essential tool in the evaluation of lagomorph dentitions. The unique anatomy of the rabbit's mouth limits the examination of the conscious animal to the rostral portion of it's mouth. In addition, the oral examination of an aradicular hypsodont tooth is restricted to the short coronal fraction of its crown. Erstwhile images obtained by the extraoral technique were once considered the most practical and informative tool in rabbit dentistry; however, limited visualization of the key structures of individual teeth became the major drawback of this technique...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798466/minimally-invasive-direct-restorations-a-practical-guide
#4
L Mackenzie, A Banerjee
The primary objectives of minimum intervention dentistry (MID) are to prevent or arrest active disease using non-operative management techniques. However, patients commonly present with cavitated caries lesions or failed restorations that are in need of operative intervention. Although much of clinical practice is devoted to preventing and managing the effects of caries and subsequent failure of the tooth-restoration complex, the clinical survival of restorations is often poor and becomes significantly worse as they increase in size and complexity...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798465/minimally-invasive-dentistry-enhancing-oral-health-related-behaviour-through-behaviour-change-techniques
#5
J T Newton, K Asimakopoulou
Enhancing patients' oral health related behaviour is a critical component of the preventive approach which is central to the practice of minimally invasive dentistry. The first step in the process of behaviour change is creating capability to change behaviour through the provision of information and guidance. The second step involves enhancing the motivation to change through emphasising the benefits of behaviour change and emphasising the individual patients' susceptibility or risk of oral disease. The third step seeks to put motivation into action through creating opportunities to practice oral health behaviour...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798464/minimum-intervention-children-s-dentistry-the-starting-point-for-a-lifetime-of-oral-health
#6
N P Innes, D J Manton
Child-friendly minimum intervention dentistry (MID) dominates modern thinking and practice around delivery of oral care for children. It is an enormous challenge for our profession to move away from the narrow focus of a mechanistic, cavity-orientated surgical approach for managing dental caries to one which embraces new strategies for caries prevention and management, delivered in the context of a partnership with children, families and other adults involved in the child's life environment. It is also time for a shift in the orientation of dentistry towards 'patient self-care' becoming a core goal of dental care, where dentists help their patients assume responsibility for achieving and maintaining their own oral health, and that of their children...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#7
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798429/dento-legal-considerations-about-an-mi-approach
#8
L D'Cruz
Over the years there have been many conceptual changes in how dental disease is prevented and managed. What is now the norm and standard practice was at some earlier time considered to be at best pioneering, and at its worst, heresy or negligent. When we look, for example at how we conservatively manage periodontal disease when less than a generation ago we were wielding surgical knives far more frequently than we do now, we can see how research and evidence-based dentistry has influenced our thinking. We are very much at that tipping point now with minimum intervention (MI) dentistry...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774841/antibacterial-glass-ionomer-cement-restorative-materials-a-critical-review-on-the-current-status-of-extended-release-formulations
#9
REVIEW
Tahereh Mohammadi Hafshejani, Ali Zamanian, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Zahra Rezvani, Farshid Sefat, Mohammad Reza Saeb, Henri Vahabi, Payam Zarrintaj, Masoud Mozafari
Glass-ionomer cements (GICs) have been widely used for over forty years, because of their desirable properties in dentistry. The most important advantages of the GICs are associated with their ability to release long-term antimicrobial agents. However, GICs used as restorative materials have still lots of challenges due to their secondary caries and low mechanical properties. Recent studies showed that the fluoride-releasing activity of conventional GICs is inadequate for effectual antibacterial conservation in many cases...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771417/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#10
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765464/the-effect-of-new-oral-care-technologies-on-the-need-for-dentists-in-2040
#11
Peter M Milgrom, Jeremy A Horst
This article addresses changes in technology of oral self-care or professional care that may increase or decrease the demand for dentists by 2040. The focus is on dental caries, periodontitis, and temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), as the first two are the main areas of current practice and because TMD is an area for growth. To address this question, the authors examined the scientific literature and government registries to identify recent or soon-to-be-available technologies. They also examined the state of translational efficiency, dissemination, and adoption of advances into dental practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764297/comparative-assessment-of-conventional-composites-and-coloured-compomers-in-permanent-molars-of-children-with-mixed-dentition-a-pilot-study
#12
Shivayogi M Hugar, Divyata Kohli, Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Supriya S Vyavahare, Parin P Shah, Niraj S Gokhale, Punit M Patel, Madhura V Mundada
INTRODUCTION: Early treatment of carious lesions in children is important for the maintenance of oral health. Multicoloured restorations could be the impetus for an extremely nervous or defiant child to take dental treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the clinical success of conventional composites and coloured compomer material in first permanent molars of children with mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of sixty sites, divided into two groups, with thirty subjects in each group using split mouth design were chosen amongst patients reporting to Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758298/quo-vadis-what-is-the-future-of-periodontics-how-will-we-get-there
#13
REVIEW
Kenneth S Kornman, William V Giannobile, Gordon W Duff
Approximately 40 years ago periodontists began systematically developing the evidence to treat predictably and prevent gingivitis and periodontitis. More recently, periodontists have been among a small group of skilled dental-implant surgeons leading that revolution in dentistry. Today, much of the mild/localized moderate periodontitis is not treated by periodontists, and an increasing number of implants are placed by dentists with limited surgical training. The current field of periodontics includes a broad range of surgical skills and technologies to regenerate predictably destroyed tissues and manage complex interdisciplinary treatment that may, in some way, involve the tissues that support teeth and implants...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748233/caries-prevalence-and-risk-assessment-in-thuringian-infants-germany
#14
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
PURPOSE: To determine the caries prevalence and experience in Thuringian infants and to assess their caries risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were participants in a regional preventive programme, a birth cohort study with the aim of preventing caries. In the first year of life, children were invited to a dental examination at the Jena University Hospital. Dental caries was scored using WHO diagnostic criteria at the d1-level without radiography. Children were categorised as being of low, moderate or high risk for caries according to the caries-risk assessment tool of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD)...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748031/antibiofilm-peptides-against-oral-biofilms
#15
Zhejun Wang, Ya Shen, Markus Haapasalo
The oral cavity is a major entry point for bacteria and other microorganisms. Oral biofilms are formed by mixed communities of microorganisms embedded in an exopolysaccharide matrix. Biofilms forming on dental hard or soft tissue are the major cause of caries and endodontic and periodontal disease. Human oral biofilms exhibit high resistance to antimicrobial agents. Antibiofilm peptides constitute a diverse class of host-defense molecules that act to combat invasion and infection with biofilms. Different in vitro and in vivo biofilm models with quantitative analysis have been established to provide predictable platforms for the evaluation of the antibiofilm effect of oral antibiofilm peptides...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744872/antibiotic-prescription-for-endodontic-infections-a-survey-of-brazilian-endodontists
#16
M R Bolfoni, F G Pappen, T Pereira-Cenci, R C Jacinto
AIM: To investigate antibiotic prescribing habits reported by Brazilian Endodontists in specific clinical situations. METHODOLOGY: Brazilian endodontists (n=13,853) were invited to answer an on-line questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: the first part contained personal data such as age, gender, years of experience and location of endodontic practice; the second part included questions regarding dentists' behavior when prescribing antibiotics in dental practice...
July 26, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741269/prevention-of-hpv-related-oral-cancer-by-dentists-assessing-the-opinion-of-dutch-dental-students
#18
Marcella R Poelman, Henk S Brand, Thymour Forouzanfar, Ellen M Daley, Derk H Jan Jager
The aim of this study is to assess dental students' opinions of the dentists' role in primary prevention of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oral cancer using a cross-sectional web-based survey. A questionnaire, containing questions about knowledge of HPV and oral cancer, confidence in head and neck examination and role of the dentist in preventing HPV-related oral cancer, was sent to all students of the Academic Centre of Dentistry Amsterdam (n = 912). One hundred and twenty-six (n = 126) students completed the questionnaire...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718462/-preventive-dentistry-7-getting-rid-of-halitosis
#19
T M H de Jong, M L Laine
Halitosis or bad breath is a problem that affects many people and its source is generally found in the oral cavity (intra-oral halitosis). Bacteria in the oral cavity produce volatile sulphur compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methyl mercaptan that not only emit an unpleasant odour, but may also have toxic effects on the periodontal tissues. Good oral hygiene, a healthy periodontium and healthy teeth are the basis for the prevention of intra-oral halitosis and dentists and dental hygienists therefore play an essential role in its prevention...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715306/a-data-rich-longitudinal-wellness-study-for-the-digital-age-fixing-a-broken-medical-system-requires-data-about-each-patient
#20
Gustavo Glusman
We live in an age of plentiful information, collected continuously by pervasive gadgetry, distributed through digital and social networks, and mined deeply by ever-more-powerful analytics systems. And yet, one of the things we know the least about is our bodies. When it comes to our own health, we are driving blindly. Modern medicine has clearly been remarkably successful, as evidenced by continually growing life expectancies. For example, the number of people 65 and older in the United States has seen a steady increase over the last century, rising from 3...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
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