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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043975/-preventive-and-therapeutic-advantages-of-sugar-free-chewing-gums-in-orthodontics-a-study-conducted-on-practitioners-and-patients
#1
Pauline Ferney, François Clauss, Damien Offner, Delphine Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the level of knowledge in a cohort of oral health professionals and patients about preventive and therapeutic actions of sugar-free chewing gums. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A forward-looking monocentric study of perception regarding the level of information about the effects of sugar-free chewing gums consumption was conducted on 135 young patients, from 11 to 17 years old, carriers of fixed orthodontic appliances and treated in the Department of Orthodontics in the Oral Medicine and Surgery Center of the University Hospitals of Strasbourg...
September 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036236/-preventive-dentistry-8-diet-and-caries
#2
C van Loveren
The call to consume less sugar in order to improve the general health is becoming increasingly loud. The question is in what way consuming less sugar could also contribute to a lower risk of caries. This can be achieved by limiting the frequency of consuming sugary snacks. For oral health reasons, people in the Netherlands are advised not to consume things containing sugar more than four times between meals. Another way to make the diet less cariogenic is to substitute sugar in foods by non-caloric intense sweeteners, caloric sugar alcohols or 'new carbohydrates'...
October 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019382/beyond-the-mouthguard-sports-dentistry-s-role-in-nutrition-prevention-and-social-advocacy
#3
EDITORIAL
Greg Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019379/special-smiles-sports-dentistry-and-the-special-needs-athlete
#4
EDITORIAL
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Luc Marks, Thaddeus J Arnold
There is a need to expand dental services to underserved populations, such as athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This review introduces dentists to this need by sharing the direction taken by the Special Smiles program of Special Olympics and addressing the need to educate special needs athletes on prevention and care of sports-related mouth injuries.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972586/a-survey-of-paediatric-caries-management-teaching-within-dental-therapy-programmes-in-the-uk
#5
J Foley
Objective To assess didactic and clinical skills teaching of conventional and alternative treatment techniques for the management of dental caries in paediatric dentistry in dental therapy schools across the UK.Method A structured online questionnaire was developed using SurveyMonkey. The survey link was emailed to all teaching leads for all 22 dental therapy schools throughout the UK. The survey was open online for three months.Results Data were obtained for 20 schools. Regarding didactic and skills teaching of conventional techniques, the majority of schools taught complete caries removal and plastic restoration...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966064/in%C3%A2-vitro-assessment-of-stainless-steel-orthodontic-brackets-coated-with-titanium-oxide-mixed-ag-for-anti-adherent-and-antibacterial-properties-against-streptococcus-mutans-and-porphyromonas-gingivalis
#6
Eman Jameel Fatani, Hamed H Almutairi, Ali O Alharbi, Yasser Obaidallah Alnakhli, Darshan Devang Divakar, Muzaheed, Abdulaziz Abdullah Alkheraif, Aftab Ahmed Khan
Orthodontic brackets made from stainless steel were introduced in dentistry, though they have less ability in reducing enamel demineralization and are not successful in preventing microbial as well as biofilm growth. In this study, we evaluated the significant role of different brackets in reducing enamel demineralization indirectly. Results from different tests indicate the significant reduction in adhesion, biofilm formation and slow growth of tested bacterial species on brackets coated with Ag + TiO2 and found to be statistically significant lower than control...
September 29, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963743/community-health-centre-based-outreach-clinic-for-undergraduate-dental-education-experience-in-helsinki-over-8%C3%A2-years
#7
S Goswami, T Karaharju-Suvanto, M Kaila, B Tseveenjav
INTRODUCTION: The University Dental Clinic of the City of Helsinki (UDC) developed a Community Health Centre-Based Outreach Clinic, with emphasis on paediatric dentistry. This study aimed to summarise the experiences and explore the student perspectives of the health centre-based outreach teaching clinic. METHODS: The study data were from the years 2010 to 2016. The dental procedures carried out by the third- to fifth-year dental students were based on electronic health record of patients...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959761/fractography-and-mechanical-properties-of-urethane-dimethacrylate-dental-composites-reinforced-with-glass-nanoparticles
#8
Monfared M, Bahrololoom Me
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental resin composites are becoming prevalent in restorative dentistry and have almost replaced amalgam nowadays. Consequently, their mechanical properties and durability are critical. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to produce Pyrex glass nano-particles by wet milling process and use them as reinforcement in dental resins for anterior restorations and then examination of fractographic properties of these composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The glass nano-particles were achieved via wet milling...
December 2016: J Dent Biomater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936290/evaluation-of-the-orthodontic-treatment-need-in-a-paediatric-sample-from-southern-italy-and-its-importance-among-paediatricians-for-improving-oral-health-in-pediatric-dentistry
#9
Valeria Luzzi, Gaetano Ierardo, Denise Corridore, Gabriele Di Carlo, Gianni Di Giorgio, Emanuele Leonardi, Guglielmo-Giuseppe Campus, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni, Maurizio Bossù
BACKGROUND: Data from epidemiological studies investigating the prevalence and severity of malocclusions in children are of great relevance to public health programs aimed at orthodontic prevention. Previous epidemiological studies focused mainly on the adolescence age group and reported a prevalence of malocclusion with a high variability, going from 32% to 93%. Aim of our study was to assess the need for orthodontic treatment in a paediatric sample from Southern Italy in order to improve awareness among paediatricians about oral health preventive strategies in pediatric dentistry...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902237/bonding-efficiency-and-durability-current-possibilities
#10
REVIEW
Adriana Bona Matos, Livia Tosi Trevelin, Beatriz Togoro Ferreira da Silva, Luciana Fávaro Francisconi-Dos-Rios, Luciana Kfouri Siriani, Marcio Vivan Cardoso
Bonding plays a major role in dentistry nowadays. Dental adhesives are used in association with composites to solve many restorative issues. However, the wide variety of bonding agents currently available makes it difficult for clinicians to choose the best alternative in terms of material and technique, especially when different clinical situations are considered. Moreover, although bonding agents allow for a more conservative restorative approach, achieving a durable adhesive interface remains a matter of concern, and this mainly due to degradation of the bonding complex in the challenging oral environment...
August 28, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892888/role-of-herbal-agents-tea-tree-oil-and-aloe-vera-as-cavity-disinfectant-adjuncts-in-minimally-invasive-dentistry-an-in-vivo-comparative-study
#11
Gaurav Patri, Aliva Sahu
INTRODUCTION: The prevention and control of caries necessitates the elimination of cariogenic bacteria and cavity disinfectants have proved to play a major role in achieving the goal. The use of phytotherapy is trending and many natural products have shown anti-microbial properties which can be used as cavity disinfectant in the field of dentistry. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of herbal antibacterial agents (Tea Tree Oil (TTO) and Aloe vera) with commercially available 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) as cavity disinfectant for use in minimally invasive dentistry...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#12
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#13
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879329/creating-protective-appliances-for-preventing-dental-injury-during-endotracheal-intubation-using-intraoral-scanning-and-3d-printing-a-technical-note
#14
Jin-Hyung Cho, Wonse Park, Kyeong-Mee Park, Seo-Yul Kim, Kee-Deog Kim
Digital dentistry has influenced many dental procedures, such as three-dimensional (3D) diagnosis and treatment planning, surgical splints, and prosthetic treatments. Patient-specific protective appliances (PSPAs) prevent dental injury during endotracheal intubation. However, the required laboratory work takes time, and there is the possibility of tooth extraction while obtaining the dental impression. In this technical report, we utilized new digital technology for creating PSPAs, using direct intraoral scanners and 3D printers for dental cast fabrication...
March 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877281/effect-of-vegetable-oils-applied-over-acquired-enamel-pellicle-on-initial-erosion
#15
Franciny Querobim Ionta, Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Poliana Pacifico Val, Ana Paula Boteon, Maisa Camillo Jordão, Heitor Marques Honório, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Daniela Rios
Objective: The prevalence of dental erosion has been recently increasing, requiring new preventive and therapeutic approaches. Vegetable oils have been studied in preventive dentistry because they come from a natural, edible, low-cost, and worldwide accessible source. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of different vegetable oils, applied in two concentrations, on initial enamel erosion. Material and Methods: Initially, the acquired pellicle was formed in situ for 2 hours...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875082/the-brazilian-version-of-the-20-item-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry
#16
Agnes Fátima P Cruvinel, Daniela Alejandra C Méndez, Juliana G Oliveira, Eliézer Gutierres, Matheus Lotto, Maria Aparecida A M Machado, Thaís M Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The misunderstanding of specific vocabulary may hamper the patient-health provider communication. The 20-item Rapid Estimate Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALMD-20) was constructed to screen patients by their ability in reading medical/dental terminologies in a simple and rapid way. This study aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of this instrument for its application in Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was performed through conceptual equivalence, verbatim translation, semantic, item and operational equivalence, and back-translation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866225/fabrication-and-characterization-of-two-layered-nanofibrous-membrane-for-guided-bone-and-tissue-regeneration-application
#17
Maryam Masoudi Rad, Saied Nouri Khorasani, Laleh Ghasemi-Mobarakeh, Molamma P Prabhakaran, Mohammad Reza Foroughi, Mahshid Kharaziha, Niloufar Saadatkish, Seeram Ramakrishna
Membranes used in dentistry act as a barrier to prevent invasion of intruder cells to defected area and obtains spaces that are to be subsequently filled with new bone and provide required bone volume for implant therapy when there is insufficient volume of healthy bone at implant site. In this study a two-layered bioactive membrane were fabricated by electrospinning whereas one layer provides guided bone regeneration (GBR) and fabricated using poly glycerol sebacate (PGS)/polycaprolactone (PCL) and Beta tri-calcium phosphate (β-TCP) (5, 10 and 15%) and another one containing PCL/PGS and chitosan acts as guided tissue regeneration (GTR)...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864811/the-impact-of-research-on-the-future-of-dental-education-how-research-and-innovation-shape-dental-education-and-the-dental-profession
#18
Harold C Slavkin
Scientific inquiry and discovery are the fuel for education, research, technology, and health care in all the health professions: dentistry, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and allied health sciences. The progression of discoveries from basic or fundamental to clinical research is followed by the progression from clinical to implementation and improved health outcomes and processes. Generally, implementation science is the scientific study of methods to promote the systematic uptake of research findings (e.g., basic, translational, behavioral, socioeconomic, and clinical) as well as other related evidence-based practices into standards of care, thereby improving the quality, effectiveness, and cost benefits of health care services...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864797/oral-health-research-and-scholarship-in-2040-executive-summary
#19
Peter J Polverini
This executive summary for Section 6 of the "Advancing Dental Education in the 21(st) Century" project provides an overview of five background articles that address the role of research and scholarship in dental education in the year 2040. Beginning with a historical account of research and discovery science in dentistry's evolution as a profession, the article then reviews the role of early thought leaders and organized dentistry in establishing research as a cornerstone of dental education and dental practice...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856134/interprofessional-oral-health-education-improves-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-for-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#20
REVIEW
Devon Cooper, JungSoo Kim, Karen Duderstadt, Ray Stewart, Brent Lin, Abbey Alkon
Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic childhood disease in the United States. Dental caries affects the health of 60-90% of school-aged children worldwide. The prevalence of untreated early childhood dental caries is 19% for children 2-5 years of age in the U.S. Some factors that contribute to the progression of dental caries include socioeconomic status, access to dental care, and lack of anticipatory guidance. The prevalence of dental caries remains highest for children from specific ethnic or racial groups, especially those living in underserved areas where there may be limited access to a dentist...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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