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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546608/patient-safety-in-dentistry-development-of-a-candidate-never-event-list-for-primary-care
#1
I Black, P Bowie
Introduction The 'never event' concept is often used in secondary care and refers to an agreed list of patient safety incidents that 'should not happen if the necessary preventative measures are in place'. Such an intervention may raise awareness of patient safety issues and inform team learning and system improvements in primary care dentistry.Objective To identify and develop a candidate never event list for primary care dentistry.Methods A literature review, eight workshops with dental practitioners and a modified Delphi with 'expert' groups were used to identify and agree candidate never events...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546591/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-8-italy
#2
M Bindi, C Paganelli, K A Eaton, E Widström
In Italy healthcare is provided for all Italian citizens and residents and it is delivered mainly by public providers, with some private or private-public entities. Italy's public healthcare system - the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) - is organised by the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. It is financed by general taxation that provides universal coverage, largely free of charge at the point of service. The central government establishes the basic national health benefits package, which must be uniformly provided throughout the country, through services guaranteed under the NHS provision called LEA - (Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza [Essential Level of Assistance]) and allocates national funds to the regions...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540273/the-efficiency-assessment-of-dental-units-using-data-envelopment-analysis-approach-the-case-of-iran
#3
Mohsen Barouni, Mohammad Reza Amiresmaieli, Arash Shahravan, Saeed Amini
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, the number of dentistry units increased significantly across the country. The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of dental units of Iran provinces regarding dental health inputs and outputs using Data Envelopment Analysis approach. METHODS: In this applied descriptive-analytical study, the study population included all of Iran 31 provinces. The output variables included DMFT and DMFT indices of 6-12 yr old students...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514346/-systemic-toxicity-of-local-anesthetics
#4
S A Rabinovich, L A Zavodilenko
The paper presents characteristics of local anesthetics used in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery taking into account their effectiveness and toxicity. We described the main clinical symptoms of manifestation of systemic toxicity and measures for prevention of local anesthesia complications, as well as the detailed protocol of 'lipid rescue' and resuscitation at manifestation of systemic toxic reaction of local anesthetics with the mechanism of the fatty emulsion action.
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512276/osteoporosis-knowledge-and-related-health-behavior-among-women-in-jazan-region-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#5
Ismail A Darout, Abdelwhab Alamir, Sameena Sultana
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease that can be prevented to some extent by awareness of its risk factors and related health behavior. The aim of this study was to collect information about knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis among women living in Jazan and to describe the type of food habits, sociodemographic characteristics, and other osteoporosis-related health behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503739/the-bleeding-on-brushing-index-a-novel-index-in-preventive-dentistry
#6
Tobias Rosenauer, Constanze Wagenschwanz, Matthias Kuhn, Anna Kensche, Sandra Stiehl, Christian Hannig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a dichotomous index, based on a special interdental brushing tool, to detect initial pathological processes in interproximal areas. Furthermore, different techniques of interdental hygiene were compared. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) were instructed to clean their teeth using the Bass technique and were randomly assigned to three groups according to the type of interdental cleaning used: group A, use of interdental brushes; group B, no interdental hygiene (the control group); and group C, use of dental floss...
May 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501880/-preventive-dentistry-5-secondary-caries
#7
A C C Hollanders, N K Kuper, N J M Opdam, M C D N J M Huysmans
Secondary caries is reported as one of the most important reasons for replacing restorations. The patient's general caries risk plays an important role in the development of secondary caries. The connection, at the patient level, between various factors, the risk of caries and restoration factors, such as the presence of a gap and the kind of restoration material, deserves additional investigation. The minimum gap width in which secondary caries can develop is most likely less than 100 µm and could depend on the patient's caries risk...
May 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494610/paediatric-laser-dentistry-part-1-general-introduction
#8
C Caprioglio, G Olivi, M D Genovese
Knowledge of the physical characteristics of different laser lights and optical and thermal properties of oral tissues is very important to understand the interaction of dental lasers with biological tissues. Choosing the correct dental laser is crucial to match specific wavelengths with target chromophores of different tissues; this affinity makes laser irradiation selective and therefore minimally invasive. Various types of lasers are used in dentistry, offering a viable alternative to low and high-speed handpieces and surgical blades, and also minimising fear and discomfort of the patient...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492191/prevalence-of-dental-fear-and-its-causes-using-three-measurement-scales-among-children-in-new-delhi
#9
Anju Singh Rajwar, Mridula Goswami
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for identifying fearful children, who often present problems in patient management, thus affecting the quality of dental care rendered to them. This study is unique in the way that dental fear was assessed through three fear scales as research has suggested the use of more than one scale because each scale has its own restrictions and is open to criticism. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dental fear and anxiety (DFA) among children aged 3-14 years using three fear measurement scales...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490894/uniform-related-infection-control-practices-of-dental-students
#10
Yazan Aljohani, Mohammed Almutadares, Khalid Alfaifi, Mona El Madhoun, Maysoon H Albahiti, Nadia Al-Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Uniform-related infection control practices are sometimes overlooked and underemphasized. In Saudi Arabia, personal protective equipment must meet global standards for infection control, but the country's Islamic legislature also needs to be taken into account. AIM: To assess uniform-related infection control practices of a group of dental students in a dental school in Saudi Arabia and compare the results with existing literature related to cross-contamination through uniforms in the dental field...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#11
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451732/a-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-after-tooth-extraction-in-patients-receiving-oral-bisphosphonate-therapy-can-primary-wound-closure-and-a-drug-holiday-really-prevent-mronj
#12
T Hasegawa, A Kawakita, N Ueda, R Funahara, A Tachibana, M Kobayashi, E Kondou, D Takeda, Y Kojima, S Sato, S Yanamoto, H Komatsubara, M Umeda, T Kirita, H Kurita, Y Shibuya, T Komori
Root amputation, extraction of a single tooth, bone loss or severe tooth mobility, and an unclosed wound were significantly associated with increased risk of developing medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). We recommend a minimally traumatic extraction technique, removal of any bone edges, and mucosal wound closure as standard procedures in patients receiving bisphosphonates. INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis of the jaws can occur following tooth extraction in patients receiving bisphosphonate drugs...
April 27, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442908/antibacterial-activity-and-cytocompatibility-of-an-implant-coating-consisting-of-tio2-nanotubes-combined-with-a-gl13k-antimicrobial-peptide
#13
Tao Li, Na Wang, Su Chen, Ran Lu, Hongyi Li, Zhenting Zhang
Prevention of implant-associated infections at an early stage of surgery is highly desirable for the long-term efficacy of implants in dentistry and orthopedics. Infection prophylaxis using conventional antibiotics is becoming less effective due to the development of bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics. An ideal strategy to conquer bacterial infections is the local delivery of antibacterial agents. Therefore, antimicrobial peptide (AMP) eluting coatings on implant surfaces is a promising alternative...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422353/comprehensive-review-and-comparison-of-the-disinfection-techniques-currently-available-in-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Ahila S Chidambaranathan, Muthukumar Balasubramanium
The goal of disinfection in the dental office is to prevent the spread of infection from one patient to another and maintain the safety of the dental care providers. Prevention of cross infection has significant effect on infection control. The standard procedure of rinsing impressions under tap water immediately after removal from the mouth eliminates microorganisms along with saliva and blood. A broad search on published literature was done using the keywords impression materials, disinfection method, and sterilization of dental impression from 1980 to 2016 in Medline, Google Scholar, the internet, and textbooks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413735/a-survey-of-handwashing-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-the-healthcare-professionals-in-lahore-pakistan
#15
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mohsin A Cheema, Muhammad Wajih Ullah, Hamzah Ghulam, Mariam Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards handwashing of clinical year medical and dental students and health-care professionals (HCPs) working in the departments of medicine, surgery, dentistry, nursing, and physiotherapy in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted during May and June 2016. After approval from the institutional review board, a modified form of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire for Healthcare workers that included 18 items was sent to 400 clinical year students and HCPs from six medical colleges and affiliated hospitals of Lahore...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403843/knowledge-about-preventive-dentistry-versus-self-reported-competence-in-providing-preventive-oral-healthcare-a-study-among-nepalese-dentists
#16
Madhu Wagle, Ganesh Acharya, Purusotam Basnet, Tordis A Trovik
BACKGROUND: Dentists' and dental healthcare providers' professional knowledge and attitude towards the prevention of oral diseases may have an impact on the oral health of the general population. The aim of this study was to describe Nepalese dentists' competency in giving preventive education and treatment to their patients, and to assess their level of knowledge about preventive dental health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 195 dentists (71 males and 124 females)...
April 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402349/partial-extraction-therapies-pet-part-2-procedures-and-technical-aspects
#17
Howard Gluckman, Maurice Salama, Jonathan Du Toit
Part 1 of this series introduced the partial extraction therapies as a group of techniques for ridge preservation at immediate implant placement and beneath pontic sites. The concept proposes a paradigm shift away from extract and augment toward partly retaining the tooth root to preserve the ridge and prevent buccopalatal collapse. The revolutionary socket-shield technique was introduced in 2010; however, there has been no follow-up literature to guide the clinician in terms of procedural steps. While root submergence is well established, the socket-shield and pontic shield are still in their clinical infancy and require long-term clinical data before they can be proposed as routine in everyday implant dentistry...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394546/occupational-contact-dermatitis-amongst-dentists-and-dental-technicians
#18
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Iva Ferček, Tomislav Duvančić, Vedrana Bulat, Josip Ježovita, Gaby Novak-Bilić, Mirna Šitum
Since the working medical personnel including dentists and dental technicians mainly use their hands, it is understandable that the most common occupational disease amongst medical personnel is contact dermatitis (CD) (80%-90% of cases). Development of occupational CD is caused by contact of the skin with various substances in occupational environment. Occupational etiologic factors for dental personnel are foremost reactions to gloves containing latex, followed by various dental materials (e.g., metals, acrylates), detergents, lubricants, solvents, chemicals, etc...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390204/the-superior-anti-caries-efficacy-of-fluoride-toothpaste-containing-1-5-arginine
#19
D Cummins
Innovation in the dental caries area and the development of new superior efficacy treatments to prevent dental caries are as important today as they have ever been, because caries remains a highly prevalent disease globally. Appropriately designed and well-conducted, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are best-in-class evidence of the effectiveness of a new intervention in medicine and dentistry, and traditional two- to threeyear caries clinical trials are currently the gold standard for proof of superior caries prevention efficacy...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390130/oral-diseases-a-14-year-experience-of-a-chilean-institution-with-a-systematic-review-from-eight-countries
#20
C Rivera, C Jones-Herrera, P Vargas, B Venegas, D Droguett
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies to assess the distribution of oral diseases (ODs) are helpful in estimating the prevalence of oral diagnoses in the population, and thus help in preventive and curative services. Prevalence and frequency data for ODs are available from many countries, but information from Chile is scarce. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study investigated the frequency of OD in a Chilean population. For this, we included all patients treated at the University of Talca (UTALCA, Chile) between 2001 and 2014...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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