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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422353/comprehensive-review-and-comparison-of-the-disinfection-techniques-currently-available-in-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Ahila S Chidambaranathan, Muthukumar Balasubramanium
The goal of disinfection in the dental office is to prevent the spread of infection from one patient to another and maintain the safety of the dental care providers. Prevention of cross infection has significant effect on infection control. The standard procedure of rinsing impressions under tap water immediately after removal from the mouth eliminates microorganisms along with saliva and blood. A broad search on published literature was done using the keywords impression materials, disinfection method, and sterilization of dental impression from 1980 to 2016 in Medline, Google Scholar, the internet, and textbooks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413735/a-survey-of-handwashing-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-the-healthcare-professionals-in-lahore-pakistan
#2
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mohsin A Cheema, Muhammad Wajih Ullah, Hamzah Ghulam, Mariam Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards handwashing of clinical year medical and dental students and health-care professionals (HCPs) working in the departments of medicine, surgery, dentistry, nursing, and physiotherapy in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted during May and June 2016. After approval from the institutional review board, a modified form of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire for Healthcare workers that included 18 items was sent to 400 clinical year students and HCPs from six medical colleges and affiliated hospitals of Lahore...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403843/knowledge-about-preventive-dentistry-versus-self-reported-competence-in-providing-preventive-oral-healthcare-a-study-among-nepalese-dentists
#3
Madhu Wagle, Ganesh Acharya, Purusotam Basnet, Tordis A Trovik
BACKGROUND: Dentists' and dental healthcare providers' professional knowledge and attitude towards the prevention of oral diseases may have an impact on the oral health of the general population. The aim of this study was to describe Nepalese dentists' competency in giving preventive education and treatment to their patients, and to assess their level of knowledge about preventive dental health. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 195 dentists (71 males and 124 females)...
April 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402349/partial-extraction-therapies-pet-part-2-procedures-and-technical-aspects
#4
Howard Gluckman, Maurice Salama, Jonathan Du Toit
Part 1 of this series introduced the partial extraction therapies as a group of techniques for ridge preservation at immediate implant placement and beneath pontic sites. The concept proposes a paradigm shift away from extract and augment toward partly retaining the tooth root to preserve the ridge and prevent buccopalatal collapse. The revolutionary socket-shield technique was introduced in 2010; however, there has been no follow-up literature to guide the clinician in terms of procedural steps. While root submergence is well established, the socket-shield and pontic shield are still in their clinical infancy and require long-term clinical data before they can be proposed as routine in everyday implant dentistry...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394546/occupational-contact-dermatitis-amongst-dentists-and-dental-technicians
#5
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Iva Ferček, Tomislav Duvančić, Vedrana Bulat, Josip Ježovita, Gaby Novak-Bilić, Mirna Šitum
Since the working medical personnel including dentists and dental technicians mainly use their hands, it is understandable that the most common occupational disease amongst medical personnel is contact dermatitis (CD) (80%-90% of cases). Development of occupational CD is caused by contact of the skin with various substances in occupational environment. Occupational etiologic factors for dental personnel are foremost reactions to gloves containing latex, followed by various dental materials (e.g., metals, acrylates), detergents, lubricants, solvents, chemicals, etc...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390204/the-superior-anti-caries-efficacy-of-fluoride-toothpaste-containing-1-5-arginine
#6
D Cummins
Innovation in the dental caries area and the development of new superior efficacy treatments to prevent dental caries are as important today as they have ever been, because caries remains a highly prevalent disease globally. Appropriately designed and well-conducted, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are best-in-class evidence of the effectiveness of a new intervention in medicine and dentistry, and traditional two- to threeyear caries clinical trials are currently the gold standard for proof of superior caries prevention efficacy...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390130/oral-diseases-a-14-year-experience-of-a-chilean-institution-with-a-systematic-review-from-eight-countries
#7
C Rivera, C Jones-Herrera, P Vargas, B Venegas, D Droguett
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies to assess the distribution of oral diseases (ODs) are helpful in estimating the prevalence of oral diagnoses in the population, and thus help in preventive and curative services. Prevalence and frequency data for ODs are available from many countries, but information from Chile is scarce. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study investigated the frequency of OD in a Chilean population. For this, we included all patients treated at the University of Talca (UTALCA, Chile) between 2001 and 2014...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390121/probiotics-and-oral-health-a-systematic-review
#8
M Seminario-Amez, J López-López, A Estrugo-Devesa, R Ayuso-Montero, E Jané-Salas
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are microorganisms, mainly bacteria, which benefit the host's health. Many studies support the role of probiotics as a contributor to gastrointestinal health, and nowadays many authors are trying to prove its influence in oral health maintenance. OBJECTIVES: To review the published literature with the purpose of knowing the importance of using probiotics as a preventive and therapeutic method for oral infectious diseases management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search in PubMed database with the keywords "oral health AND probiotics AND dentistry" was conducted...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387884/the-probiotics-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#9
A M Pujia, M Costacurta, L Fortunato, G Merra, S Cascapera, M Calvani, S Gratteri
The total number of microbes that colonize the human body is far greater than the number of cells that make it up. In recent years, it has been shown that bacteria play an essential role in the body; in fact, they are essential for the maturation of the intestine, the development and control of the immune system, the development of the brain, the metabolism of macronutrients, the synthesis of vitamins, and the energy balance. Bacteria play an essential role in defense of their territory against the entry of other bacteria that may be pathogenic to health...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387655/musculoskeletal-symptoms-of-the-neck-and-shoulder-among-dental-practitioners
#10
Božana Radanović, Predrag Vučinić, Tanja Janković, Elvis Mahmutović, Davor Penjašković
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal symptoms of the neck and shoulder represent a condition whose basic characteristic is pain. These conditions are very often present in dental health professionals. The aim of the paper was to determine presence of discomforts in areas of head, neck, shoulders, upper back and upper limbs at health professionals in area of dentistry, as well as discomfort localisation and methods of treatment. METHODS: The research included 45 health professionals (dentists, dental assistants and dental technicians) employed at Dental Clinic of Vojvodina...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387098/-the-importance-of-pulp-therapy-in-deciduous-teeth
#11
REVIEW
A Bolette, S Truong, A Guéders, S Geerts
Preserving primary teeth is crucial for maintaining the maxillary growth, aesthetics, mastication, and speech and for preventing from abnormal habits. Given the peculiar anatomy of the primary tooth, caries grow faster and more frequently to the pulp. In pediatric dentistry, new methods and enhanced material have been recently released on the market and broadened the field of treatments. In this paper, we review the pulp diseases affecting children and focus on the current root canal therapies that favour the physiological primary tooth loss...
December 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384971/awareness-of-dental-trauma-management-among-school-teachers-of-kannur-kerala-india
#12
Divya Chandukutty, Faizal C Peedikayil, Chandru T Premkumar, Dhanesh Narasimhan, Deepak Jose
INTRODUCTION: Dental trauma can overtake dental caries and periodontal disease as the most significant threat to dental health among young people. The prognosis of traumatized teeth depends on prompt and appropriate treatment. The role of school teachers in the prevention of traumatic dental injuries is a topic that has received a great deal of attention in recent years. However, studies conducted in different regions of the world have demonstrated that teachers and other lay people's knowledge about traumatic dental injuries is inadequate and their behavior does not contribute to reduce the sequelae...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372834/-methods-of-data-selection-from-the-french-medical-information-system-program-for-trauma-patient-s-analysis-burns-and-traumatic-brain-injuries
#13
L-M Paget, A Dupont, G Pédrono, L Lasbeur, B Thélot
BACKGROUND: Data from the French medical information system program in medicine, surgery, obstetrics and dentistry can be adapted in some cases and under certain conditions, to account for hospitalizations for injuries. Two areas have been explored: burn and traumatic brain injury victims. METHODS: An algorithm selecting data from the Medical information system program was established and implemented for several years for the study of burn victims. The methods of selection of stays for traumatic brain injuries, which are the subject of a more recent exploration, are described...
March 31, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369857/increased-public-reimbursement-for-prophylactic-visits-with-dentists-associated-with-increased-receipt-of-preventive-dental-services-in-children
#14
Susan A Fisher-Owens, Louis Amendola, John D B Featherstone, Ronald E Inge, Valerie J Flaherman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether higher reimbursement for children's preventive dentistry correlates with greater utilization of preventive dental care. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of National Survey of Children's Health 2011/2012 was conducted, combined with state Medicaid reimbursement rates for preventive dentistry. Analyses included prevalence, unadjusted odds ratios, and multivariable logistic regression for receipt of preventive dental services. RESULTS: Of all surveyed American children 1-17 years, almost 20 percent had not received preventive dental care in prior year; this percentage is even higher in those with public insurance...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367387/comparison-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-hepatitis-b-among-healthcare-professionals-in-pakistan
#15
Asad Ali, Sara Khan, Saad M Malik, Muhammad Haris Iqbal, Muhammad Aadil
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most common causes of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Healthcare professionals, including medical and dental students, are at a high risk of acquiring this infection. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the knowledge and attitudes toward HBV infection amongst doctors, dentists, nurses, and undergraduate final year medical and dental students. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample size of 381 medical professionals, which included doctors (59), dentists (77), nurses (71), final year medical students (126), and final year dental students (48) at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC)...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365605/perceived-dentist-and-dental-hygienist-task-distribution-after-dental-and-dental-hygiene-students-team-intervention
#16
Jan J Reinders, Wim P Krijnen, Boudewijn Stegenga, Cees P van der Schans
Attitudes of dental students regarding the provision of treatment tend to be dentist-centered; however, facilitating mixed student group formation could change such perceptions. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceived scope of practice of dental and dental hygiene students and whether their perceptions of task distribution between dentists and dental hygienists would change following an educational intervention consisting of feedback, intergroup comparison, and competition between mixed-group teams...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349902/ozone-gas-effect-on-mineral-content-of-dentin-exposed-to-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-an-energy-dispersive-x-ray-evaluation
#17
Rafaella M Chaves, Carlos Estrela, Paula C Cardoso, Terezinha de Je Barata, João B de Souza, Érica M de Torres, Cyntia Ra Estrela, Ana Pr Magalhães, Lawrence G Lopes
AIM: This study aims to assess the effect of ozone gas on dentin exposed to Streptococcus mutans biofilm by evaluation of mineral content [log calcium-to-phosphorus (Ca/P)] using energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five human third molars were sectioned into four slices of dentin and distributed in four groups: I - control (no treatment); II - ozone therapy; III - biofilm development; IV - ozone therapy followed by biofilm development...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338023/implant-maintenance-treatment-and-peri-implant-health
#18
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases and a manual search of the Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry from January 2014 to February 2015.Study selectionProspective, retrospective, randomised or not, case-controlled or case series trials showing the incidence or recurrence of peri-implant disease plus or minus PIMT over more than six months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332813/competitive-adsorption-of-polyelectrolytes-onto-and-into-pellicle-coated-hydroxyapatite-investigated-by-qcm-d-and-force-spectroscopy
#19
Hyun-Su Lee, Carl Myers, Lynette Zaidel, Prathima C Nalam, Matthew A Caporizzo, Carlo A Daep, David M Eckmann, James G Masters, Russell J Composto
A current effort in preventive dentistry is to inhibit surface attachment of bacteria using antibacterial polymer coatings on the tooth surface. For the antibacterial coatings, the physisorption of anionic and cationic polymers directly onto hydroxyapatite (HA) and saliva-treated HA surfaces was studied using quartz crystal microbalance, force spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. First, single species adsorption is shown to be stronger on HA surfaces than on silicon oxide surfaces for all polymers (i...
April 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332206/contract-care-in-dentistry-sense-making-of-the-concept-and-in-practice-when-multiple-institutional-logics-are-at-play
#20
Ylva Ulfsdotter Eriksson, Karin Berg, Ulla Wide Boman, Magnus Hakeberg
In 2009 contract dental care was introduced into Sweden's Public Dental Service under a programme called Dental Care for Health (DCH). Previous research has revealed a possible dilemma whereby dental care professionals had the role of insurance agent foisted upon them, as they were assigned the task of 'selling contracts'. Using qualitative interviews, this study explores how these professionals make sense of contract dental care today. Drawing on the concepts of occupational and organisational professionalism, in combination with the institutional logics perspective, we discern that dental care professionals are entangled in multiple rationalities when reasoning about and dealing with DCH...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
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