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Preventive dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#1
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#2
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209009/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-dental-practitioners-pertaining-to-preventive-measures-in-paediatric-patients
#4
Raju Umaji Patil, Amitkumar Sahu, Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Bharath Kashetty Panchakshari, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Prevention at primary level is of great value in Paediatric Dentistry. Since use of preventive measures can prevent future complications, dental professionals share an important responsibility toward early screening, prompt referral and treatment and this knowledge must transfer into the practice of dentistry. AIM: To evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among dental practitioners in Bhopal city (central part of India) pertaining to sealants, topical fluorides usage and orthodontic consideration in paediatric patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191662/cannabidiol-an-alternative-therapeutic-agent-for-oral-mucositis
#6
REVIEW
L F Cuba, F G Salum, K Cherubini, M A Z Figueiredo
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Chemo- and radiotherapy are therapeutic modalities often used in patients with malignant neoplasms. They kill tumour cells but act on healthy tissues as well, resulting in adverse effects. Oral mucositis is especially of concern, due to the morbidity that it causes. We reviewed the literature on the etiopathogenesis of oral mucositis and the activity of cannabidiol, to consider the possibility of its use for the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database and selected complete articles published in English that met the inclusion criteria for the period 1998-2016...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186512/-preventive-dentistry-3-prevalence-aetiology-and-diagnosis-of-dentine-hyper-sensitivity
#7
F N van der Weijden, C van Loveren, D E Slot, G A van der Weijden
Many people sometimes experience pain when they inhale breath across the cingula, or sensitivity and/or pain when they eat ice cream, for example. In some cases, however, this can become seriously unpleasant. In those cases, one can speak of dentine hypersensitivity. In Europe, an average of 27% of the population suffers from this. Dentine hypersensitivity is characterised by a short, sharp pain reaction after a warm or cold sensation. The external sensation causes an accelerated or converse flow of fluid in the dentinal tubules that excites the extremities of the nerve cells, which results in the sensation pain...
February 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184096/a-significant-step-towards-true-preventive-dentistry
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149457/oral-health-literacy-how-much-italian-people-know-about-the-dental-hygienist
#9
Roberto Pippi, Flavia Bagnato, Livia Ottolenghi
BACKGROUND: People with poor OHL have the highest level of oral diseases and the worst oral treatment results. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the degree of knowledge of the role of the dental hygienist in patients who go to a public dental facility for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the patients with the "face-to-face" mode during a 12-month period. The principal component analysis, the general linear model and the chi-square test were used for the statistical analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138190/effects-of-medical-and-mental-status-on-treatment-modalities-in-patients-treated-under-general-anaesthesia-at-the-ktu-faculty-of-dentistry-in-trabzon-turkey-a-comparative-retrospective-study
#10
Ozgul Baygin, Tamer Tuzuner, Adem Kusgoz, Gorkem Yahyaoglu, Nagehan Yilmaz, Simge Aksoy
This study evaluated the differences in dental conditions and treatment modalities between disabled and non-cooperative healthy children under general anaesthesia. The data were collected from paediatric patients between 3 and 15 years of age who received dental treatment under general anaesthesia. Patients with at least one mental/physical disturbance (group 1) and other healthy non-cooperative patients (group 2) were compared with regard to gender, age, weight, and treatment time-type. The statistical analyses were performed using Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney U tests...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133937/attitudes-to-dental-care-sweden-2003-2013-and-clinical-correlates-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-2013
#11
K Edman, A Holmlund, B Nordström, K Öhrn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes to dental care, and to assess possible associations with socio-economic and clinical variables over a period of ten years, and to investigate the association between OHRQoL assessed by oral impact on daily performance (OIDP), and socio-economic, dental care habits, smoking and oral status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional studies performed in the county of Dalarna, Sweden, in 2003, 2008 and 2013. Random samples of 1,107-1,115 dentate individuals, aged 30-85 years, who answered a questionnaire and who were radiographically and clinically examined were included...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122153/oral-cancer-screening-for-high-risk-individuals-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-using-an-active-approach
#12
Allana Pivovar, Zilá Ferreira Dias Gonçalves Dos Santos, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is considered a major public health problem. The diagnosis often occurs in advanced stages, causing high morbidity and mortality and therefore prevention strategies should be advocated. This study aims to investigate a model of OSCC screening for high-risk individuals in the Family Health Strategy's (FHS) scenario. METHODS: Participants were men between 50 and 65 years of age registered in a primary health care electronic database and resident in an area with low socioeconomic status in the city of Curitiba (Paraná/Brazil)...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097434/work-related-infections-in-dentistry-risk-perception-and-preventive-measures
#13
Tatjana Ramich, Peter Eickholz, Sabine Wicker
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of (1) the risk perception of work-related infections in dentistry, (2) the vaccination status, (3) knowledge of the blood-borne pathogens and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as well as (4) use of personal protective equipment (PPE) (gloves, goggles, mask) among the staff and students of the Center of Dentistry and Oral Medicine (ZZMK [Carolinum]) of the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All staff (dentists, dental assistants) and students of the ZZMK with direct contact to patients were asked to anonymously complete a questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067921/-preventive-dentistry-2-the-force-of-habit-and-the-change-to-healthy-oral-behaviour
#14
E Zwart, C O V M Gresnigt-Bekker
In a dental practice there are several situations where a change in behaviour of a patient is desirable or even necessary. It's not easy, however, to change someone's habits that they've had for many years, because these habits often give people a comfortable feeling. Change can lead to a decrease in self-confidence, which is why people are not always inclined to change. In order to realise a change in behaviour, there has to be an intrinsic motivation. An oral healthcare professional can increase the intrinsic motivation by using -Motivational Interviewing (MI)...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052210/joubert-plus-syndrome-with-self-mutilation-a-case-report
#15
Yousr N Mowafy, Nadia A Wahba, Aly A Sharaf
BACKGROUND: Joubert syndrome is a very rare condition with dismal prognosis. It is characterized by several abnormalities including molar tooth sign on MRI. When coupled with mega cisterna magna- a feature of the Dandy Walker syndrome- it is categorized as Joubert plus syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 16 month old male child with Joubert syndrome was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Department Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry Alexandria University, complaining of severe tongue and lower lip injury due to self-mutilation...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032040/the-olympic-legacy-journal-metrics-in-sports-medicine-and-dentistry
#16
REVIEW
Joel Thomas, Tom W M Walker, Stuart Miller, Alistair Cobb, Steven J Thomas
Systematic analysis of integral aspects within sport enables improvement in performance. One key aspect is the management and prevention of injuries. Bibliometrics is a systematic method for evaluating research output. It may be expected that the quantity and quality of sports injury research over time may strongly correlate with the timing of the Olympic games. This study was conducted to determine the effect of the Olympic legacy on academic sports medicine and evidence to prevent injuries of the face and teeth...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999493/economic-importance-of-the-preventive-measures-in-dentistry
#17
Emsudina Deljo, Zinaida Sijercic, Amina Mulaosmanovic, Alma Musanovic, Nedim Prses
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that the state of oral health in the area of Podrinje Canton is really poor. Taking into account that in the last five years are implemented two projects in the municipality it is necessary to examine the impact of preventive measures in dentistry on the oral health. THE RESEARCH GOALS ARE: a) To evaluate the impact of continuing education and local fluoridation on the state of oral health; b) To analyze the economic importance of preventive measures...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990188/application-of-laser-irradiation-for-restorative-treatments
#18
Amin Davoudi, Maryam Sanei, Hamid Badrian
Nowadays, lasers are widely used in many fields of medicine. Also, they can be applied at many branches of dental practice such as diagnosis, preventive procedures, restorative treatments, and endodontic therapies. Procedures like caries removal, re-mineralization, and vital pulp therapy are the most noticeable effects of laser irradiation which has gained much attention among clinicians. With controlled and appropriate wavelength, they can help stimulating dentinogenesis, controlling pulpal hemorrhage, sterilization, healing of collagenic proteins, formation of a fibrous matrix, and inducing hard tissue barrier...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989710/death-related-to-dental-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
Nathan G Reuter, Philip M Westgate, Mark Ingram, Craig S Miller
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with death in relation to dental care. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. PubMed, Dental and Oral Sciences Source, Web of Science, and the Cochrane database were searched, and the references of all retrieved articles were analyzed. Studies were included if death had occurred within 90 days of the dental appointment, and if the patient's age, procedure, and information regarding cause or time of death were provided...
February 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981264/-preventive-dentistry-1-fluoride-toothpaste-the-cornerstone-of%C3%A2-caries-prevention
#20
C van Loveren
After the introduction of effective fluoride toothpastes in the 1970s oral health has improved significantly. Since that time, a lot of energy has gone into improving the toothpastes. An important improvement is the increased substantivity of fluoride and the increase in the duration of its effectiveness. In addition, attempts are currently being made to combine fluoride with effective re-mineralising systems, which is technically challenging. Due to a diversity of compositions, the effectiveness of toothpastes varies...
December 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
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