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Dental Caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088794/the-lack-of-association-between-fcn2-gene-promoter-region-polymorphisms-and-dental-caries-in-polish-children
#1
T Olszowski, M Milona, J Janiszewska-Olszowska, K Safranow, K Skonieczna-Żydecka, A Walczak, M Sikora, D Chlubek, A Madlani, G Adler
The aim of this study was to examine the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene encoding ficolin-2 protein (FCN2 gene) at positions -986 (rs17514136), -602 (rs3124953), and -4 (rs3124952) with dental caries in Polish children. Two hundred and sixty Polish Caucasian children aged 15 years were enrolled in this study: 82 with "higher" caries experience (DMFT >5) and 178 with "lower" caries experience (DMFT ≤5). In addition, subjects with caries experience (DMFT ≥1) and caries-free subjects (DMFT = 0) were compared...
January 14, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086936/association-between-low-blood-lead-levels-and-increased-risk-of-dental-caries-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Young-Suk Kim, Mina Ha, Ho-Jang Kwon, Hae-Young Kim, Youn-Hee Choi
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the association between low blood lead levels of <5 μg/dL and the development of dental caries among children. METHODS: The Children's Health and Environment Research (CHEER) group recruited a cohort of 7,059 school-aged children from six Korean cities. The final study populations in the permanent and deciduous teeth groups were 1,564 and 1,241 children, respectively, after excluding 4 children with blood lead levels of >5 μg/dL...
January 13, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081054/quickstats-prevalence-of-untreated-dental-caries-%C3%A2-in-permanent-teeth-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-19-years-by-age-group-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2011-2014
#3
(no author information available yet)
During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years.
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079165/oriented-and-ordered-biomimetic-remineralization-of-the-surface-of-demineralized-dental-enamel-using-hap-acp-nanoparticles-guided-by-glycine
#4
Haorong Wang, Zuohui Xiao, Jie Yang, Danyang Lu, Anil Kishen, Yanqiu Li, Zhen Chen, Kehua Que, Qian Zhang, Xuliang Deng, Xiaoping Yang, Qing Cai, Ning Chen, Changhong Cong, Binbin Guan, Ting Li, Xu Zhang
Achieving oriented and ordered remineralization on the surface of demineralized dental enamel, thereby restoring the satisfactory mechanical properties approaching those of sound enamel, is still a challenge for dentists. To mimic the natural biomineralization approach for enamel remineralization, the biological process of enamel development proteins, such as amelogenin, was simulated in this study. In this work, carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) conjugated with alendronate (ALN) was applied to stabilize amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) to form CMC/ACP nanoparticles...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077122/relationship-between-risk-assessment-and-payment-models-in-swedish-public-dental-service-a-prospective-study
#5
Gunnel Hänsel Petersson, Svante Twetman
BACKGROUND: To a) compare risk categories in patients selecting a capitation payment (CP) model with those in fee-for-service (FFS), b) determine the 3-year caries increment in the two groups, and c) compare the amount of delivered preventive care in the two groups. METHODS: A comprehensive risk assessment was carried out in 1295 young adults attending eight Public Dental Clinics in the Scania region and 75% could be re-examined after 3 years; 615 had selected the CP model and 310 the traditional FFS...
January 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076597/oral-health-evaluation-in-special-needs-individuals
#6
Danielle de Moraes Pini, Paula Cristina Gil Ritter Fröhlich, Lilian Rigo
Objective: To identify the prevalence of the main oral problems present in special needs children and to relate the underlying conditions with the clinical and demographic variables. Methods: The study was based on the physical examination of 47 students from the Associação de Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais diagnosed as Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and intellectual deficit. For data collection, we used a self-administered questionnaire that included indices of dental caries and oral hygiene, Angle classification, malposition of dental groups and oral hygiene habits...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074549/systemic-alterations-and-their-oral-manifestations-in-pregnant-women
#7
REVIEW
Camilla Silva de Araujo Figueiredo, Cíntia Gonçalves Carvalho Rosalem, Andre Luis Costa Cantanhede, Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Maria Carmen Fontoura Nogueira da Cruz
The aims of this literature review are: to depict the main oral diseases that are related to pregnancy; to clarify some of the possible systemic mechanisms that are associated with these changes; and to address issues about oral care during pregnancy. A woman's organs undergo various physiological, neurological, and hormonal changes during pregnancy. Such changes occur gradually and are essential for the development of the fetus, providing what is needed for tissue formation and establishment of reserves for uterine and fetal life...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074339/factors-associated-with-dental-anxiety-in-brazilian-children-during-the-first-transitional-period-of-the-mixed-dentition
#8
K A Barreto, L D K T Dos Prazeres, D S M Lima, F C Soares, R M M P Redivivo, C da Franca, V Colares
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in children during the first transitional period of the mixed dentition and associated factors. METHODS: A Cross-sectional study was performed with 1367 children of both genders aged 6-7 years old conducted in schools in Recife, Brazil in 2013. The data were collected through interviews and intra-oral examinations. Dental anxiety data were obtained using the dental anxiety questionnaire (DAQ). The associated factors considered were: age, gender, social group, child's experience with the dentist, history of dental pain, experience of caries and phase of exfoliation...
January 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074338/erratum-to-histochemical-changes-of-occlusal-surface-enamel-of-permanent-teeth-where-dental-caries-is-questionable-vs-sound-enamel-surfaces
#9
M Michalaki, C J Oulis, N Pandis, G Eliades
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073166/low-sugar-nutrition-policies-and-dental-caries-a-study-of-primary-schools-in-south-auckland
#10
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield
AIM: The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy. METHODS: Records of caries of the primary and adult teeth were obtained between 2007 and 2014 for children attending Yendarra, and were compared to those of eight other public schools in the area, with a similar demographic profile...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071620/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx-in-patients-aged-18-45-years-a-case-control-study-to-evaluate-the-risk-factors-with-emphasis-on-stress-diet-oral-hygiene-and-family-history
#11
K P Dholam, G C Chouksey
BACKGROUND: Increasing incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity and oropharynx is reported in young adults. However, there is a paucity regarding etiology and risk factors. AIM: To evaluate the exposure potential carcinogenic factors among a sample aged 45 years and younger, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-five case samples aged 18-45 years, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx were compared with 85 controls who had never had cancer, matched for age and sex...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068274/dental-care-in-patients-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome-two-case-reports
#12
Karine Cestaro Mesquita, Carolina Rodrigues Teófilo, João Paulo Veloso Perdigão, Fabrício Bitu Sousa, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves, Wagner Araújo de Negreiros, Mário Rogério Lima Mota
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a prothrombotic autoimmune disease that may be classified as primary or secondary. Treatment consists of oral anticoagulant, antiplatelet, and/or immunosuppressant drugs. This report describes the dental treatment of 2 women with APS and multiple dental concerns, including periodontal disease, caries, and missing teeth. The invasive dental procedures were performed in an outpatient setting with hematologic monitoring and use of local hemostatic measures. Neither interruption of anticoagulant medications nor administration of blood products was necessary...
January 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067778/quorum-sensing-regulation-of-competence-and-bacteriocins-in-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-mutans
#13
REVIEW
Erin Shanker, Michael J Federle
The human pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus mutans have both evolved complex quorum sensing (QS) systems that regulate the production of bacteriocins and the entry into the competent state, a requirement for natural transformation. Natural transformation provides bacteria with a mechanism to repair damaged genes or as a source of new advantageous traits. In S. pneumoniae, the competence pathway is controlled by the two-component signal transduction pathway ComCDE, which directly regulates SigX, the alternative sigma factor required for the initiation into competence...
January 5, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057060/u-shaped-association-between-untreated-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-adults-at-rabat-dental-university-hospital-morocco-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sanaa Chala, Manal El Aidouni, Redouane Abouqal, Faïza Abdallaoui
BACKGROUND: Many previous studies estimating the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental decay are conflicting. Most studies, however, examine the relationship using BMI as a categorical variable. This study evaluated the non-linear association between body mass index as a continuous variable and untreated dental decay. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adults free of diseases attending a tertiary dental clinic was conducted. The number of untreated caries at the time of consultation was assessed using the WHO criteria...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052471/can-oral-health-education-be-delivered-to-high-caries-risk-children-and-their-parents-using-a-computer-game-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Ahmad Aljafari, Jennifer Elizabeth Gallagher, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Families of children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for caries management requested that oral health advice is delivered using audio-visual media. OBJECTIVE: To compare an oral health education computer game to one-to-one education. DESIGN: A blind randomised controlled trial of 4- to 10-year-old children scheduled for GA due to caries. Primary outcome measures were (1) parent and child satisfaction with education method; (2) improvements in child's dietary knowledge; and (3) changes in child's diet and toothbrushing habits...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052214/effect-of-silver-nanoparticle-added-pit-and-fissure-sealant-in-the-prevention-of-dental-caries-in-children
#16
Enid Karina Salas-López, Mauricio Pierdant-Pérez, Juan Francisco Hernández-Sierra, Facundo Ruíz, Peter Mandeville, Amaury J Pozos-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of pit and fissure sealant mixed with silver nanoparticles on dental caries, by means of monthly measurement of fluorescence with DIAGNOdent over six months. STUDY DESIGN: This study was divided in two phases: experimental and clinical. In the experimental phase, the adhesion and microleakage of the pit and fissure sealant experiment were evaluated. Two groups of 10 teeth, without serious carious lesions, were included...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052212/caries-prevalence-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-2000-to-2012
#17
Ah-Hyeon Kim, Youn-Soo Shim, Jong-Bin Kim, So-Youn An
OBJECTIVES: National oral health data is required to assess a population's oral health needs, monitor oral health, plan effective intervention community programs and health policies, and evaluate progress toward health objectives. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence, severity, and inequality in dental caries distribution among Korean young people. STUDY DESIGN: Trained, calibrated examiners at the Korea Ministry of Health & Welfare conducted epidemiological surveys in 2000, 2006, and 2012 during which dental caries were assessed according to World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050986/influence-of-television-advertising-on-behavior-of-children-across-socioeconomic-backgrounds
#18
Rachana Bahuguna, Atul Jain, Divya Suryavanshi, Hemlata Chauhan, Suleiman A Khan, Ruchi Thakur
INTRODUCTION: This research analyzed the influence of television on the behavior of children belonging to urban and rural socioeconomic backgrounds of Bhopal city and its vicinity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 400 parents with children between 1 and 18 years of age were subjected to a self-designed questionnaire, which sought information regarding the television viewing habits of children. Differences in responses were noted between the subjects of urban and rural areas...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050981/intricate-evaluation-of-association-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-among-the-children-in-al-kharj-city-saudi-arabia
#19
Mohammed As Abu El Qomsan, Mohammed N Alasqah, Fahad A Alqahtani, Mohammed Aa Alobaydaa, Muteb M Alharbi, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are two of the most prevalent health conditions affecting children. Relative decrease in corporeal movements, escalating inactive lifestyles, and changes in dietary factors are strongly linked with the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and dental caries that significantly affects the quality of life of young children. The present study intends to explore the relationship between dental caries and obesity in children in Al-Kharj city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050506/distribution-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-in-dental-plaque-of-indian-pre-school-children-using-pcr-and-sb-20m-agar-medium
#20
Divya Singla, Arun Sharma, Vinod Sachdev, Radhika Chopra
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is one of the most common infectious diseases affecting the oral cavity. Among the oral bacteria, mutans streptococci have been implicated as major cariogenic bacteria as they can produce high levels of dental caries causing substances such as lactic acid and extracellular polysaccharides. AIM: The aim of the study was to detect the presence of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus in dental plaque by using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method, quantification of these micro-organisms using Modified Sucrose-Bacitracin (SB-20M) agar medium and to correlate their presence in Caries Active (CA) and Caries Free (CF) pre-school children...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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