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Dental Caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926974/pregnant-patient-knowledge-and-behavior-regarding-perinatal-oral-health
#1
Bernard Gonik, Eline Wilson, Melanie Mayberry, Bushra Yuki Joarder
Objective Perinatal oral health is important to obstetric practice, with significant implications for maternal, fetal, and infant health. This study sought to describe and compare knowledge and behavior related to perinatal oral health in two distinct populations of pregnant women. Methods An anonymous 13-question survey was distributed at two patient centers (urban teaching clinics and suburban referral center), examining patient knowledge and behaviors pertaining to oral health. Descriptive statistics were tabulated...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926431/the-oral-microbiome-in-health-and-its-implication-in-oral-and-systemic-diseases
#2
B Sampaio-Maia, I M Caldas, M L Pereira, D Pérez-Mongiovi, R Araujo
The oral microbiome can alter the balance between health and disease, locally and systemically. Within the oral cavity, bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and viruses may all be found, each having a particular role, but strongly interacting with each other and with the host, in sickness or in health. A description on how colonization occurs and how the oral microbiome dynamically evolves throughout the host's life is given. In this chapter the authors also address oral and nonoral conditions in which oral microorganisms may play a role in the etiology and progression, presenting the up-to-date knowledge on oral dysbiosis as well as the known underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms involving oral microorganisms in each condition...
2016: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925126/factors-related-to-the-dental-caries-incidence-in-youth-a-cohort-study-in-brazilian-northeastern
#3
Ana Karine Macedo Teixeira, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
The conceptual model of the life course considers that health-disease is a dynamic process that is also affected by previous and current lifelong experiences. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of caries and its determinants in young people in Sobral-Ceará, Brazil. This was a cohort study of oral health started in 2000, with waves in 2006 and 2012. 482 young people aged 17-21 years were examined and interviewed. The incidence of caries between 2006 and 2012 was the outcome analyzed and the independent variables were socioeconomic conditions and use of oral health actions and services...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924596/methods-to-study-antagonistic-activities-among-oral-bacteria
#4
Fengxia Qi, Jens Kreth
Most bacteria in nature exist in multispecies communities known as biofilms. In the natural habitat where resources (nutrient, space, etc.) are usually limited, individual species must compete or collaborate with other neighboring species in order to perpetuate in the multispecies community. The human oral cavity is colonized by >700 microbial species known as the indigenous microbiota. This indigenous flora normally maintains an ecological balance through antagonistic as well as mutualistic interspecies interactions...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923355/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-trinidad
#5
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922732/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-twins-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#6
Maurício José Santos Moreira, Carolina Schwertner, Ana Paula Dall'Onder, Natália Mincato Klaus, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Lina Naomi Hashizume
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder in humans, but its incidence in monozygotic twins is extremely rare. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with dental caries in a pair of monozygotic twin girls with DS, where one had caries experience and the other did not. Clinical examination, salivary Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) levels and their genotypic diversity, the biochemical composition of the dental biofilm, the frequency of sucrose consumption, and toothbrushing habits were assessed from the twin girls...
December 6, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922188/oral-health-status-of-children-in-los-angeles-county-and-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#7
Bruce A Dye, Clemencia M Vargas, Cheryl D Fryar, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Robert Isman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the oral health status and related sociodemographic risk indicators in children in Los Angeles (LA) County with children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 were used to calculate prevalence estimates for children aged 2-13 years living in LA County and in the United States. Sociodemographic indicators were evaluated using multiple logistic regression modeling...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#8
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920981/infective-endocarditis-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-diagnosed-simultaneously
#9
Fujiko Morita, Yuji Hirai, Kiyozumi Suzuki, Yuki Uehara, Kazunori Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Amano, Toshio Naito
Poor dentition and/or dental infection due to insufficient oral care are presumed to be risk factors for infective endocarditis (IE). We present a case of endocarditis caused by Granulicatella adiacens and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) with oral complications diagnosed simultaneously. A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever, general fatigue, arthralgia, and back pain. She was diagnosed with primary SS according to the criteria of the American-European Consensus Group. Transthoracic echocardiography carried out to examine her persistent fever revealed vegetation formation (14 × 5 mm) on the aortic valve and her blood cultures were positive for G...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920310/costs-and-savings-associated-with-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-united-states
#10
Joan O'Connell, Jennifer Rockell, Judith Ouellet, Scott L Tomar, William Maas
The most comprehensive study of US community water fluoridation program benefits and costs was published in 2001. This study provides updated estimates using an economic model that includes recent data on program costs, dental caries increments, and dental treatments. In 2013 more than 211 million people had access to fluoridated water through community water systems serving 1,000 or more people. Savings associated with dental caries averted in 2013 as a result of fluoridation were estimated to be $32.19 per capita for this population...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920303/the-dental-medical-divide
#11
Elizabeth A Mertz
The importance of oral health for overall well-being cannot be overstated. Yet the US dental delivery system struggles to address effectively the two most common oral diseases (caries and periodontal disease), which are among the most prevalent of all chronic diseases and are largely preventable. This article describes the evolution of contemporary US dental care policy and practice, highlighting the challenges resulting from the dental system's separation from the rest of health care, and explores the implications of this divide for the future of oral health policy and system reform...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919444/mechanistic-genomic-and-proteomic-study-on-the-effects-of-bisgma-derived-biodegradation-product-on-cariogenic-bacteria
#12
Lida Sadeghinejad, Dennis G Cvitkovitch, Walter L Siqueira, Justin Merritt, J Paul Santerre, Yoav Finer
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the effects of a Bis-phenyl-glycidyl-dimethacrylate (BisGMA) biodegradation product, bishydroxypropoxyphenyl-propane (BisHPPP), on gene expression and protein synthesis of cariogenic bacteria. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to investigate the effects of BisHPPP on the expression of specific virulence-associated genes, i.e. gtfB, gtfC, gbpB, comC, comD, comE and atpH in Streptococcus mutans UA159. Possible mechanisms for bacterial response to BisHPPP were explored using gene knock-out and associated complemented strains of the signal peptide encoding gene, comC...
December 2, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#13
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911406/ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-a-method-of-treating-sialorrhea
#14
Pierangelo Barbero, Marco Busso, Carlo Alberto Artusi, Stefania De Mercanti, Marco Tinivella, Andrea Veltri, Luca Durelli, Marinella Clerico
Neurological diseases can be complicated by sialorrhea, an excessive flow of saliva. Patients suffering from moderate to severe sialorrhea have an impaired quality of life, often worsened by correlated complications such as aspiration pneumonia, oral infections, dental caries, and maceration of the skin. Diverse therapeutic approaches have been proposed for the treatment of sialorrhea, including surgery and the use of anticholinergic agents, with limited results and the possible occurrence of serious adverse events...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904519/mind-conduct-disorders-in-children-with-poor-oral-hygiene-habits-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-excessive-tooth-decay
#15
Onur Burak Dursun, Fatih Şengül, İbrahim Selçuk Esin, Tevfik Demirci, Nermin Yücel, Mehmet Melih Ömezli
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene are among the major childhood public health problems. Although dental research frequently refers to the link between these conditions and behavioural issues, little attention has been paid to understanding the reason for oral health problems from a psychiatric point of view. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between poor oral health and hygiene and parental attitudes towards child rearing, parents' and children's oral hygiene behaviours, and childhood psychiatric disorders...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901203/case-control-study-examining-the-impact-of-oral-health-problems-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-families-of-preschoolers
#16
Ramon Targino Firmino, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898426/maternal-depression-increases-childhood-dental-caries-a-cohort-study-in-brazil
#17
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Luciana de Ávila Quevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
AIM: To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and childhood caries in a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 538 mother/child dyads. When the children were 24-36 months of age, data regarding oral health from children and mothers were collected by clinical dental examination. A mother's major depressive disorder was assessed by using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI [Plus]), at the current moment...
November 30, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898021/salivary-microbiome-diversity-in-caries-free-and-caries-affected-children
#18
Shan Jiang, Xiaoli Gao, Lijian Jin, Edward C M Lo
Dental caries (tooth decay) is an infectious disease. Its etiology is not fully understood from the microbiological perspective. This study characterizes the diversity of microbial flora in the saliva of children with and without dental caries. Children (3-4 years old) with caries (n = 20) and without caries (n = 20) were recruited. Unstimulated saliva (2 mL) was collected from each child and the total microbial genomic DNA was extracted. DNA amplicons of the V3-V4 hypervariable region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene were generated and subjected to Illumina Miseq sequencing...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896484/oral-health-status-and-need-for-oral-care-of-care-dependent-indwelling-elderly-from-admission-to-death
#19
Arie R Hoeksema, Lilian L Peters, Gerry M Raghoebar, Henny J A Meijer, Arjan Vissink, Anita Visser
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess oral health and oral status of elderly patients newly admitted to a nursing home from admission until death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health, oral status, need for dental care, cooperation with dental treatment, and given dental care were assessed by two geriatric dentists in all new long-stay patients (n = 725) admitted to a nursing home between January 2009 and December 2013. All patients were followed from admission until death or until they left the nursing home...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896212/effect-of-slow-forced-eruption-on-the-vertical-levels-of-the-interproximal-bone-and-papilla-and-the-width-of-the-alveolar-ridge
#20
Eun-Young Kwon, Ju-Youn Lee, Jeomil Choi
OBJECTIVE: Forced eruption has been proposed for the reconstruction of deficient bone and soft tissue. The aim of this study was to examine the changes in the alveolar ridge width and the vertical levels of the interproximal bone and papilla following forced eruption. METHODS: Patients whose hopeless maxillary anterior teeth were expected to undergo severe bone resorption and soft tissue recession upon extraction were recruited. In addition, patients whose maxillary anterior teeth required forced eruption for restoration due to tooth fracture or dental caries were included...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
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