keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Facial nerve paralysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329598/successful-treatment-of-melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-with-dapsone-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Nazan Emiroglu, Ozlem Su, Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Nahide Onsun
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare disease characterized by a triad of relapsing or persistent orofacial edema, recurrent lower motor neuron facial nerve palsy and fissured tongue. Acute, painless, non-erythematosus orofacial edema is observed in all patients. We report a case of a 13-year-old girl who presented with a 2-year history of swelling of the upper lip, facial paralysis, and fissured tongue; she was treated successfully with dapsone.
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319315/maxillofacial-features-and-systemic-malformations-in-expanded-spectrum-hemifacial-microsomia
#2
Noah Cohen, Erica Cohen, Alberto Gaiero, Silvia Zecca, Graziella Fichera, Federica Baldi, Joseph Felix Giordanetto, Jacques Marie Mercier, Amnon Cohen
Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a rare, multisystemic congenital disease with estimated frequency of 1/26370 births in Europe. Most cases are sporadic and caused by unilateral abnormal morphogenesis of the first and second pharyngeal arches. The aim of this study is to define the types and frequency of maxillofacial and systemic malformations in HFM patients. This is a case series study of patients with HFM evaluated at a single institution. Data were acquired through history, physical examination, photographs, diagnostic radiology, and laboratory and analyzed by the FileMakerPro database on 95 patients (54F; 41M) of which 89 met the inclusion criteria...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302380/surgical-timing-for-facial-paralysis-after-temporal-bone-trauma
#3
Peng Xu, Aiyan Jin, Baoqiang Dai, Ruijie Li, Yefeng Li
OBJECTIVES: To explore surgical timing of facial paralysis after temporal bone trauma. METHODS: The clinical data of the patients with facial paralysis after temporal bone trauma who underwent subtotal facial nerve decompression were retrospectively collected, and 80 cases followed-up for one year were enrolled in the study. They were divided into different subgroups according to the age, onset, and interval between facial paralysis and surgery, and the outcomes of facial nerve between different subgroups were compared...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293514/platysma-motor-nerve-transfer-for-restoring-marginal-mandibular-nerve-function
#4
Andres Rodriguez-Lorenzo, David Jensson, Wolfgang J Weninger, Melanie Schmid, Stefan Meng, Chieh-Han John Tzou
BACKGROUND: Injuries of the marginal mandibular nerve (MMN) of the facial nerve result in paralysis of the lower lip muscle depressors and an asymmetrical smile. Nerve reconstruction, when possible, is the method of choice; however, in cases of long nerve gaps or delayed nerve reconstruction, conventional nerve repairs may be difficult to perform or may provide suboptimal outcomes. Herein, we investigate the anatomical technical feasibility of transfer of the platysma motor nerve (PMN) to the MMN for restoration of lower lip function, and we present a clinical case where this nerve transfer was successfully performed...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246588/intermittent-facial-spasms-as-the-presenting-sign-of-a-recurrent-pleomorphic-adenoma
#5
Rosalie A Machado, Sami P Moubayed, Azita Khorsandi, Juan C Hernandez-Prera, Mark L Urken
The intimate anatomical relationship of the facial nerve to the parotid parenchyma has a significant influence on the presenting signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of parotid neoplasms. However, to our knowledge, hyperactivity of this nerve, presenting as facial spasm, has never been described as the presenting sign or symptom of a parotid malignancy. We report a case of carcinoma arising in a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the left parotid gland (i.e., carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma) that presented with hemifacial spasms...
February 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239580/facial-nerve-paralysis-in-acute-suppurative-otitis-media-management
#6
Sriranga Prasad, K V Vishwas, Swetha Pedaprolu, R Kavyashree
Facial paralysis is a rare complication of acute suppurative otitis media which requires early detection and appropriate care. We hereby report a case which we managed conservatively with good outcome. Following our experience and review of literature on the subject, antibiotic therapy and corticosteroid therapy, with or without myringotomy were found to be the first-line procedures. Surgery should be employed in case of acute or coalescent mastoiditis, suppurative complications and lack of clinical regression...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235386/characteristics-of-ci-children-with-complicated-middle-ear-infections
#7
Søren Hoberg, Christian Danstrup, Bjarke Laursen, Niels Krintel Petersen, Nichlas Udholm, Gintaras Audrius Kamarauskas, Therese Ovesen
OBJECTIVE: To describe cases of complicated middle ear infections in children with cochlear implants (CI), i.e., episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) and acute mastoiditis (AM), resulting in hospitalization. METHODS: A total of 206 children under 16 years (300 implantations) were implanted between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2014 at the West Danish CI Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Aarhus, Denmark. By means of two prospective local databases, episodes of AOM or AM and demographics were retrieved including biochemistry, microbiology, length of follow- up, and variable treatment modalities (intravenous (IV) antibiotics, revision mastoidectomy, and insertion of ventilation tubes)...
February 24, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226383/delayed-facial-nerve-paralysis-following-blast-trauma
#8
Prem B Tripathi, David Floriolli, Benjamin P Caughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219164/-a-combination-use-of-endoscope-and-microscope-in-cerebral-pontine-angle-surgery
#9
Z Y Wang, H Jia, J Yang, H Y Tan, H Wu
Objective: To evaluate the application of combination use of microscope and endoscope in cerebral pontine angle (CPA) surgery. Methods: A total of 72 patients undergone lateral skull base surgeries via endoscope under microscopic control from January 2006 to January 2015 was reviewed respectively. The patients including 35 males and 37 females were composed of 22 cases of vestibular swannnomas, 45 cases of cranial neuropathy and 5 cases of CPA chelesteatoma. Twenty cases of vestibular swannnomas, 15 cases of cranial neuropathy and 2 cases of CPA chelesteatoma undergone the surgery via retrosigmoid approach, while other cases undergone the surgery via retrolabyrinthine approach...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217155/acute-bulbar-palsy-plus-syndrome-a-rare-variant-of-guillain-barre-syndrome
#10
Sanghamitra Ray, Prakash Chand Jain
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis worldwide both in adult and pediatric population. Although flaccid paralysis is the hallmark of this disease, there are some rare variants which may be easily missed unless suspected. Here, we present a very rare variant of GBS - acute bulbar palsy plus syndrome in a pediatric patient. A 13-year-old female child presented with right-sided lower motor neuron type of facial palsy and palsy of bilateral glossopharyngeal and vagus nerve of 2 weeks duration...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209378/facial-nerve-paralysis-after-super-selective-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-oral-cancer
#11
S Sugiyama, T Iwai, S Oguri, T Koizumi, K Mitsudo, I Tohnai
Facial nerve paralysis (FNP) after super-selective intra-arterial chemotherapy (SSIAC) is a relatively rare local side effect of SSIAC to the maxillary artery (MA) or the middle meningeal artery (MMA). The incidence and prognosis of FNP after SSIAC in 381 patients with oral cancer (133 with catheterization of the MA, 248 without) was investigated retrospectively. Only three patients (two male and one female) had FNP, for an incidence of 0.8%. All patients with FNP had undergone catheterization of the MA, and the incidence of FNP in this group was 2...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193257/bell-s-palsy-in-children-bellpic-protocol-for-a-multicentre-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#12
Franz E Babl, Mark T Mackay, Meredith L Borland, David W Herd, Amit Kochar, Jason Hort, Arjun Rao, John A Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Lisa Barrow, Shane George, Michael Zhang, Kaya Gardiner, Katherine J Lee, Andrew Davidson, Robert Berkowitz, Frank Sullivan, Emily Porrello, Kim Marie Dalziel, Vicki Anderson, Ed Oakley, Sandy Hopper, Fiona Williams, Catherine Wilson, Amanda Williams, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy or acute idiopathic lower motor neurone facial paralysis is characterized by sudden onset paralysis or weakness of the muscles to one side of the face controlled by the facial nerve. While there is high level evidence in adults demonstrating an improvement in the rate of complete recovery of facial nerve function when treated with steroids compared with placebo, similar high level studies on the use of steroids in Bell's palsy in children are not available. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of steroids in Bell's palsy in children in a randomised placebo-controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168888/cutaneous-sensibility-changes-in-bell-s-palsy-patients
#13
Carlos Andrés Cárdenas Palacio, Francisco Alejandro Múnera Galarza
Objective Bell's palsy is a cranial nerve VII dysfunction that renders the patient unable to control facial muscles from the affected side. Nevertheless, some patients have reported cutaneous changes in the paretic area. Therefore, cutaneous sensibility changes might be possible additional symptoms within the clinical presentation of this disorder. Accordingly, the aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between cutaneous sensibility and facial paralysis severity in these patients. Study Design Prospective longitudinal cohort study...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161243/facial-nerve-paralysis-associated-with-temporal-bone-masses
#14
Hironobu Nishijima, Kenji Kondo, Ryoji Kagoya, Hitoshi Iwamura, Kazuo Yasuhara, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and electrophysiological features of facial nerve paralysis (FNP) due to benign temporal bone masses (TBMs) and elucidate its differences as compared with Bell's palsy. METHODS: FNP assessed by the House-Brackmann (HB) grading system and by electroneurography (ENoG) were compared retrospectively. RESULTS: We reviewed 914 patient records and identified 31 patients with FNP due to benign TBMs. Moderate FNP (HB Grades II-IV) was dominant for facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) (n=15), whereas severe FNP (Grades V and VI) was dominant for cholesteatomas (n=8) and hemangiomas (n=3)...
February 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159544/analysis-of-the-ideal-muscle-weight-of-gracilis-muscle-transplants-for-facial-reanimation-surgery-with-regard-to-the-donor-nerve-and-outcome
#15
David Braig, Holger Bannasch, G Björn Stark, Steffen U Eisenhardt
BACKGROUND: Free functional muscle transfers represent the 'criterion standard' for smile reconstruction in facial paralysis. The gracilis muscle is a common donor muscle; however, no data exist regarding the volume of the muscle tissue that is necessary for symmetric commissure excursion. METHODS: All patients with facial paralysis receiving a free functional muscle transfer for facial reanimation surgery between January 2009 and November 2015 were retrospectively analysed...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137246/functional-outcome-and-complications-after-the-microsurgical-removal-of-giant-vestibular-schwannomas-via-the-retrosigmoid-approach-a-retrospective-review-of-16-year-experience-in-a-single-hospital
#16
Xiang Huang, Jian Xu, Ming Xu, Mingyu Chen, Kaiyuan Ji, Junwei Ren, Ping Zhong
BACKGROUND: Intracranial vestibular schwannoma still remain to be difficulty for its unique microsurgical technique and preservation of neuro-function, as well as reducing common complications that may arise in surgery. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 657 unilateral giant (>4 cm diameter) vestibular schwannoma patients treated in Huashan Hospital via the suboccipital retrosigmoid approach in the past 16 years. The extension of tumor removal, surgical mortality, facial nerve function, hearing, and the other main short and long-term complications were the studied parameters...
January 31, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125753/photographic-standards-for-patients-with-facial-palsy-and-recommendations-by-members-of-the-sir-charles-bell-society
#17
Katherine B Santosa, Adel Fattah, Javier Gavilán, Tessa A Hadlock, Alison K Snyder-Warwick
Importance: There is no widely accepted assessment tool or common language used by clinicians caring for patients with facial palsy, making exchange of information challenging. Standardized photography may represent such a language and is imperative for precise exchange of information and comparison of outcomes in this special patient population. Objectives: To review the literature to evaluate the use of facial photography in the management of patients with facial palsy and to examine the use of photography in documenting facial nerve function among members of the Sir Charles Bell Society-a group of medical professionals dedicated to care of patients with facial palsy...
January 26, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125324/chorda-tympani-nerve-dysfunction-associated-with-congenital-microtia
#18
Kenichi Takano, Nozomi Takahashi, Noriko Ogasawara, Takatoshi Yotsuyanagi, Tetsuo Himi
CONCLUSION: This is the first report to investigate the correlation between ear anomalies related to the development of specific ear structures and chorda tympani dysfunction (CTD) in congenital microtia. CTD is not always consistent with the severity of the ear anomaly or the presence of facial nerve paralysis (FNP). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between the severity of ear anomalies and CTD as well as FNP in congenital microtia. METHODS: A retrospective assessment was performed for all patients with microtia over the period 2010-2016...
January 26, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122652/effects-of-agmatine-sulphate-on-facial-nerve-injuries
#19
O Surmelioglu, L Sencar, S Ozdemir, O Tarkan, M Dagkiran, N Surmelioglu, U Tuncer, S Polat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of agmatine sulphate on facial nerve regeneration after facial nerve injury using electron and light microscopy. METHODS: The study was performed on 30 male Wistar albino rats split into: a control group, a sham-treated group, a study control group, an anastomosis group, and an anastomosis plus agmatine sulphate treatment group. The mandibular branch of the facial nerve was dissected, and a piece was removed for histological and electron microscopic examination...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121890/facial-reanimation-basic-surgical-tools-and-creation-of-an-effective-toolbox-for-treating-patients-with-facial-paralysis-part-a-functional-muscle-transfers-in-the-long-term-facial-palsy-patient
#20
Shai M Rozen
The literature on facial paralysis is vast; however, detailed videos of the basic tools of dynamic reanimation within the context of patient scenarios accompanied by detailed narrative emphasizing both technique and thought processes are not common. Although not all scenarios of facial paralysis can be discussed in one setting, videographic visualization of basic surgical procedures, including facial marking, facial dissection, donor nerve preparation, cross-facial nerve graft, nerve transfers, and muscle harvest and inset, may provide a strong toolbox...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
keyword
keyword
53085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"