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Evaluation and "body composition"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162619/updated-systematic-review-of-exercise-studies-in-breast-cancer-survivors-attention-to-the-principles-of-exercise-training
#1
REVIEW
Sarah E Neil-Sztramko, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Kelcey A Bland, Kristin L Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To update our previous evaluation of the exercise interventions used in randomised controlled trials of breast cancer survivors in relation to (1) the application of the principles of exercise training in the exercise prescription; (2) the reporting of the components of the exercise prescription; and (3) the reporting of adherence of participants to the prescribed interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The OVID Medline, Embase, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus electronic databases were searched from January 2010 to January 2017...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161929/changes-in-anthropometry-and-selected-metabolic-parameters-in-young-men-during-their-first-year-of-study-at-a-university-of-physical-education
#2
Anna Kȩska, Grażyna Lutosławska, Krzysztof Mazurek, Anna Czajkowska, Joanna Tkaczyk, Dagmara Iwańska
This study aims to determine main health-related anthropometric and metabolic parameters in young physically active male students in their first year of study. Sixty one male students from a Polish university of physical education were studied twice-at the beginning of their first and second academic years. Body weight, height, waist circumference, and body composition were measured. Plasma levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), leptin, cortisol, and insulin, as well as insulin resistance (IR) using the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) were determined...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160443/body-fat-redistribution-and-changes-in-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#3
Rebeca Antunes Beraldo, André Pereira Dos Santos, Mariana Palma Guimarães, Helena Siqueira Vassimon, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado, Maria Cristina Foss-Freitas, Anderson Marliere Navarro
INTRODUCTION: The HIV lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by changes in metabolism, and body composition that increase cardiovascular risk of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of lipodystrophy and changes in lipid and glucose metabolism in PLWHA in use of HAART. METHODS: For the anthropometric evaluation we measured weight, height and abdominal circumference (AC)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158619/the-effect-of-mineral-based-alkaline-water-on-hydration-status-and-the-metabolic-response-to-short-term-anaerobic-exercise
#4
Jakub Chycki, Tomasz Zając, Adam Maszczyk, Anna Kurylas
Previously it was demonstrated that mineralization and alkalization properties of mineral water are important factors influencing acid-base balance and hydration in athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of drinking different types of water on urine pH, specific urine gravity, and post-exercise lactate utilization in response to strenuous exercise. Thirty-six male soccer players were divided into three intervention groups, consuming around 4.0 l/day of different types of water for 7 days: HM (n=12; highly mineralized water), LM (n=12; low mineralized water), and CON (n=12; table water)...
September 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158062/effect-of-change-in-fluid-status-evaluated-by-bioimpedance-techniques-on-body-composition-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Samer R Abbas, Stephan Thijssen, Erik L Penne, Jochen G Raimann, Li Liu, Murat H Sipahioglu, Eric Seibert, Yuedong Wang, Yuqi Chen, Qingqing Xiao, Nathan W Levin, Peter Kotanko, Fansan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study uses calf bioimpedance spectroscopy (cBIS) to guide the attainment of dry weight (DWcBIS) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether body composition is altered when fluid status is reduced to DWcBIS. METHODS: Target post-HD weight was gradually reduced from baseline (BL) until DWcBIS was achieved. DWcBIS was defined as the presence of both flattening of the curve of extracellular resistance and the attainment calf normalized resistivity in the normal range during the dialysis treatment...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154726/comparison-of-apolipoprotein-apob-apoa-1-and-lipoprotein-total-cholesterol-hdl-ratios-in-obese-adolescents
#6
Ramin Alemzadeh, Jessica Kichler
BACKGROUND: Serum (ApoB/ApoA-1) ratio is considered a stronger predictor of systemic inflammation and atherosclerosis than serum total cholesterol/HDL (TC/HDL) ratio among adults. We evaluated the relationships between ApoB/ApoA-1 and TC/HDL ratios with surrogate markers of inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) among obese adolescents. METHODS: Body mass index z-score (BMI-z), body composition, fasting glucose, insulin, lipids, high-sensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were evaluated in 143 obese adolescents...
November 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154455/translational-evidence-of-prothrombotic-and-inflammatory-endothelial-damage-in-cushing-syndrome-after-remission
#7
Gloria Aranda, Rebeca Fernandez-Ruiz, Marta Palomo, Mónica Romo, Mireia Mora, Irene Halperin, Gregori Casals, Joaquim Enseñat, Oscar Vidal, Maribel Diaz-Ricart, Felicia A Hanzu
OBJECTIVE: Sustained evidence from observational studies indicates that after remission of Cushing Syndrome (CS) a cardiovascular risk phenotype persists. Here we performed a translational study in active CS and CS in remission to evaluate the subclinical cardiometabolic burden and to explore the direct proinflammatory and prothrombotic potential of their sera on the endothelium in an in vitro translational atherothrombotic cell model. PATIENTS: Cross-sectional study...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153160/a-100-year-review-calf-nutrition-and-management
#8
A F Kertz, T M Hill, J D Quigley, A J Heinrichs, J G Linn, J K Drackley
The first calf paper, published in the May 1919 issue of the Journal of Dairy Science (JDS), described factors affecting birth body weight of different breeds of calves. Other studies were done on nonmilk ingredients, growth charts were developed, and early weaning was followed to conserve milk fed to calves. Calf papers did not report use of statistics to control or record variation or to determine whether treatment means were different. Many experiments were more observational than comparative. Typically fewer than 5 calves, and sometimes 1 or 2 calves, were used per treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152244/effect-of-dietary-protein-intake-on-the-body-composition-and-metabolic-parameters-of-neutered-dogs
#9
Iris Mayumi Kawauchi, Juliana Toloi Jeremias, Paula Takeara, Danilo Ferreira de Souza, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho Balieiro, Karina Pfrimer, Marcio Antonio Brunetto, Cristiana Fonseca Ferreira Pontieri
Neutering is a common veterinary recommendation and is often associated with obesity development. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of two different amounts of protein intake by neutered dogs regarding maintenance energy requirement (MER), body composition, and biochemical and hormonal parameters. A total of fourteen healthy adult dogs were fed either a diet containing 59·7 g protein/1000 kcal (4184 kJ) (P60) or a diet with 94·0 g protein/1000 kcal (4184 kJ) (P94) for 26 weeks after neutering to maintain their body weight prior to neutering...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150107/pre-sarcopenia-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-submitted-to-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
Cristiane Pavan Pereira, Denise Johnsson Campos Amaral, Vaneuza Araujo Moreira Funke, Victória Zeghbi Cochenski Borba
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and bone mineral density after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: The study group consisted of over 18-year-old patients who had been submitted to allogeneic transplantation at least one year previously. Patients and healthy controls were matched by sex, ethnic background, age, and body mass index. Body composition and bone mineral density were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147126/using-rats-as-a-research-model-to-investigate-the-effect-of-human-adenovirus-36-on-weight-gain
#11
Fatemeh Shirani, Ali Teimoori, Mohammad Rashno, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Majid Karandish
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has shown a positive correlation between obesity and viral infections with a particular emphasis on the human adenovirus-36 (Ad-36). Ad-36 is the first human virus that may increase adiposity in animals, and it is considered as a possible risk factor for obesity in humans; however, the results were not consistent across all the studies. The present study was conducted to examine the influence of Ad-36 infection on obesity in a rat model. METHODS: Eight-week-old male Wistar rats weighing 170-240 gram (g), were randomly divided into two groups, infection group (48 rats) and a control group (12 rats)...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147070/evidences-of-a-new-psychobiotic-formulation-on-body-composition-and-anxiety
#12
Carmela Colica, Ennio Avolio, Patrizio Bollero, Renata Costa de Miranda, Simona Ferraro, Paola Sinibaldi Salimei, Antonino De Lorenzo, Laura Di Renzo
Background: Gut microbiota is implied in obesity, because of its ability to harvest energy from diet, and in the regulation of behavior. Given the link between gut microbiota, body composition, obesity, and anxiety, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new psychobiotic formulation. Methods: Eligible patients were randomly divided into three groups: psychobiotics oral suspension group (POSG); dietary treatment group (DTG); combined treatment group (CTG)...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146992/pre-pregnancy-overweight-or-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-as-predictors-of-body-composition-in-offspring-twenty-years-later-evidence-from-two-birth-cohort-studies
#13
N Kaseva, M Vääräsmäki, H-M Matinolli, M Sipola-Leppänen, M Tikanmäki, K Heinonen, A Lano, D Wolke, S Andersson, M-R Järvelin, K Räikkönen, G Eriksson Johan, E Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Global prevalence of overweight/obesity and gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing. In pregnant women both conditions affect offspring's later health. Overweight/obesity is a risk factor of GDM; to what extent maternal overweight/obesity explains long-term effects of GDM in offspring is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (BMI ⩾25 kg/m(2)) and GDM, occurring together or separately, on body composition among adult offspring...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144272/body-composition-in-children-with-chronic-illness-accuracy-of-bedside-assessment-techniques
#14
Enid E Martinez, Craig D Smallwood, Nicolle L Quinn, Katelyn Ariagno, Lori J Bechard, Christopher P Duggan, Nilesh M Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of estimated fat mass and fat-free mass from bedside methods compared with reference methods in children with chronic illnesses. STUDY DESIGN: Fat mass and fat-free mass values were obtained by skinfold, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and deuterium dilution method in children with spinal muscular atrophy, intestinal failure, and post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143290/increased-free-testosterone-levels-in-men-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-five-years-after-randomization-to-bariatric-surgery
#15
Nathan H Pham, James Bena, Deepak L Bhatt, Laurence Kennedy, Philip R Schauer, Sangeeta R Kashyap
Hypogonadism frequently occurs in male patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and is linked to insulin resistance and inflammation. Testosterone levels rise acutely in obese patients following bariatric surgery, though long-term changes have not been investigated in a randomized controlled trial. This study evaluated obese men with T2DM randomized to either bariatric surgery or medical therapy. Testosterone, gonadotropins, body composition, insulin sensitivity, and inflammatory markers were evaluated in 32 patients at baseline and at 5 years...
November 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143243/seasonal-variation-and-diet-quality-among-spanish-people-aged-over-55%C3%A2-years
#16
R Aparicio-Ugarriza, C Rumi, R Luzardo-Socorro, J Mielgo-Ayuso, G Palacios, M M Bibiloni, A Julibert, E Argelich, J A Tur, M González-Gross
There is evidence supporting the importance of a healthy diet; however, there are few studies analyzing the seasonal variation of food intake. The present study was aimed to evaluate seasonal variation of food and energy intake in Spanish elderly also to investigate diet quality based on the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) score. From a cross-sectional study, 28 individuals (39% males) aged over 55 years volunteered for a longitudinal follow-up. Dietary assessment was evaluated through 24-h dietary recalls. Energy and nutrient intake were calculated using DIAL software...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139645/finger-length-ratio-and-body-composition-in-chuvashians
#17
Leonid Kalichman, Valery Batsevich, Eugene Kobyliansky
Very few studies that evaluated the association between fi nger length ratio and body composition in adult population showed very diverse results. We carried out a radiographic study on a large population sample who had participated in a Chuvashian skeletal aging study investigating different aspects of skeletal aging. The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between 2D:4D ratio and various indices of body composition in Chuvashian males and females. The study sample included 802 males (mean age 46...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138228/low-protein-diet-induced-hyperphagia-and-adiposity-are-modulated-through-interactions-involving-thermoregulation-motor-activity-and-protein-quality-in-mice
#18
Anne Blais, Catherine Chaumontet, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, Julien Piedcoq, Gilles Fromentin, Claire Gaudichon, Daniel Tomé, Patrick C Even
Low-protein (LP) containing diets can induce overeating in rodents and possibly in humans in an effort to meet protein requirement but the consequences on energy expenditure (EE) are unclear. The present study evaluated the changes induced by reducing dietary protein from 20% to 6%, using either soy protein or casein, on energy intake, body composition and EE in mice housed at 22°C or at 30°C (thermal-neutrality). LP feeding increased energy intake and adiposity, more in soy fed than in casein fed mice, but also increased EE thus limiting fat accumulation...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133317/association-between-visceral-obesity-and-hepatitis-c-infection-stratified-by-gender-a-cross-sectional-study-in-taiwan
#19
Yu-Chung Tsao, Jau-Yuan Chen, Wei-Chung Yeh, Yun-Shing Peng, Wen-Cheng Li
OBJECTIVES: The global prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is approximately 2%-3%, and the prevalence of the positive anti-HCV antibody has been increasing. Several studies have evaluated regional adipose tissue distribution and metabolism over the past decades. However, no study has focused on the gender difference in visceral obesity among patients with HCV infection. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: We reviewed the medical records of patients who visited a hospital in Southern Taiwan for health check-up from 2013 to 2015...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130715/relationship-of-long-term-macronutrients-intake-on-anabolic-catabolic-hormones-in-female-elite-volleyball-players
#20
Juan Mielgo Ayuso, Michael C Zourdos, Aritz Urdampilleta, Julio Calleja González, Jesús Seco, Alfredo Córdova
INTRODUCTION: Specific macronutrient distribution and training can alter acute and chronic hormone behavior and, subsequently, sport performance. OBJECTIVE: The main aim was to examine relationships between dietary intake and anabolic/catabolic hormone response in elite female volleyball players during a 29-week season. METHODS: Twenty-two elite female volleyballers (26.4 ± 5.6 years; 178 ± 9 cm; 67.1 ± 7.5 kg) had dietary intake (seven-day dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire), blood concentration of anabolic/catabolic hormones concentration, physical performance, and body composition assessed at four time points: a) T1: baseline/pre-testing; b) T2: eleven weeks after T1; c) T3: ten weeks after T2; and d) T4: eight weeks after T3...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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