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Evaluation and "body composition"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539412/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-newborn-body-composition
#1
Anne P Starling, Katherine A Sauder, Jill L Kaar, Allison Lb Shapiro, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Dana Dabelea
Background: Maternal dietary intake during pregnancy may influence offspring growth and adiposity. Specific dietary patterns associated with newborn adiposity have not been identified.Objective: We aimed to identify patterns of maternal dietary intake associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) and fasting glucose during pregnancy and to evaluate whether adherence to these patterns is associated with newborn adiposity.Methods: In the Healthy Start prospective cohort, dietary intake during pregnancy was assessed via 24-h recalls...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538025/a-cluster-rct-to-reduce-workers-sitting-time-impact-on-cardiometabolic-biomarkers
#2
Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the initial and long-term impacts on cardio-metabolic health indicators of the Stand Up Victoria intervention - a 12-month, multicomponent workplace-delivered intervention that successfully reduced overall sitting time, primarily by increasing standing time. METHODS: Office worksites (≥1km apart) from a single organization were cluster randomized to intervention (n=7) or control (n=7). Participants were 136 intervention and 95 control desk-based workers (5-39 per worksite; 68% women; mean±SD age = 45...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537652/efficacy-and-safety-of-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-diet-a-double-blind-randomized-crossover-study
#3
C Colica, G Merra, A Gasbarrini, A De Lorenzo, G Cioccoloni, P Gualtieri, M A Perrone, S Bernardini, V Bernardo, L Di Renzo, M Marchetti
OBJECTIVE: To verify safety respect to weight loss, cardiometabolic diseases of short-term Very low-calorie ketogenic diets (VLCKDs, <800 kcal day-1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Randomized cross-over trial with placebo. The study had no. 2 dietary treatment (DT), conducted in two arms: (1) VLCKD1 in which 50% of protein intake is replaced with synthetic amino acids; (2) VLCKD2 with placebo. The VLCKDs (<800 kcal day-1) were different in term of protein content and quality each arm lasted three weeks (wks)...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534699/association-of-adipokines-interleukin-6-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-concentrations-with-clinical-characteristics-and-presence-of-spinal-syndesmophytes-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Laura Gonzalez-Lopez, Nicte S Fajardo-Robledo, A Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Inocente V Moreno-Sandoval, David Bonilla-Lara, Soraya Zavaleta-Muñiz, Arnulfo Hernan Nava-Zavala, Paulina Hernandez-Cuervo, Alberto Rocha-Muñoz, Norma Alejandra Rodriguez-Jimenez, Maria L Vazquez-Villegas, J Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Mario Salazar-Paramo, Ernesto G Cardona-Muñoz, Jorge I Gamez-Nava
Objective To identify correlations of the serum leptin, adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentrations with the clinical characteristics, presence of spinal syndesmophytes, and body composition in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods Forty-eight patients with AS were compared with 41 sex- and age-matched controls. Assessment included clinical characteristics and the presence of spinal syndesmophytes. The serum leptin, adiponectin, TNF-α, and IL-6 concentrations were determined...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533262/acute-and-chronic-changes-in-rat-soleus-muscle-after-high-fat-high-sucrose-diet
#5
Kelsey H Collins, David A Hart, Ian C Smith, Anthony M Issler, Raylene A Reimer, Ruth A Seerattan, Jaqueline L Rios, Walter Herzog
The effects of obesity on different musculoskeletal tissues are not well understood. The glycolytic quadriceps muscles are compromised with obesity, but due to its high oxidative capacity, the soleus muscle may be protected against obesity-induced muscle damage. To determine the time-course relationship between a high-fat/high-sucrose (HFS) metabolic challenge and soleus muscle integrity, defined as intramuscular fat invasion, fibrosis and molecular alterations over six time points. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a HFS diet (n = 64) and killed at serial short-term (3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks) and long-term (12 weeks, 28 weeks) time points...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531774/clinical-assessment-underestimates-fat-mass-and-overestimates-resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#6
Salesa Barja, Regina Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are frequent among patients with neuromuscular diseases, who consequently need an adequate evaluation. OBJECTIVE: to describe nutritional assessment and to estimate and measure body composition and energy requirement in children with neuromuscular diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed anthropometry, skinfold measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) for estimate and measure, respectively, fat mass (FM)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531773/impact-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-resting-energy-expenditure-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Carolina Q D Rodrigues, Jacqueline A P Santos, Beata M R Quinto, Mauro S M Marrocos, Andrei A Teixeira, Cássio J O Rodrigues, Marcelo C Batista
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Resting energy expenditure (REE) changes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may contribute to mortality increase. The obesity and inflammation is associated with high REE and when not compensated by adequate intake, may determine an unfavorable clinical outcome in this population. We aimed to evaluate the influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on REE in CKD patients. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three patients were stratified according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and divided in groups: without CKD (GFR > 60 ml/min/1...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531456/multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-bia-compared-to-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-for-estimation-of-fat-free-mass-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy
#8
Stine S Palle, Line T Møllehave, Zahra Taheri-Kadkhoda, Susanne Johansen, Lisbeth Larsen, Janne W Hansen, Nikolaj K G Jensen, Anette O Elingaard, Alice H Møller, Karen Larsen, Jens R Andersen
BACKGROUND: Changes in body composition in cancer patients during chemotherapy are associated with treatment related toxicities or mortalities. Thus, it is relevant to identify accessible, relatively inexpensive, portable and reliable tools for evaluation of body composition in cancer patients during the course of their treatments. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between single cross-sectional thighs magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), skeletal muscle mass (SM) as reference and multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) fat free mass (FFM) in patients with colorectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529275/safety-and-effectiveness-of-long-term-growth-hormone-therapy-in-japanese-patients-with-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-a-postmarketing-multicenter-observational-study
#9
Akira Shimatsu, Hitoshi Ishii, Hiromi Nishinaga, Osamu Murai, Kazuo Chihara
We aimed to evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of growth hormone (GH) therapy in Japanese patients with adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD). In this observational, multicenter study, Norditropin(®) (Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark) was administered as injections of 0.021 mg/kg/week as a starting dose divided into 6-7 doses/week. The dose was increased according to clinical response. Patients' data were obtained from medical records. Measurements (lipids, glucose metabolism, and body composition) taken at baseline; 3, 6, and 12 months; and yearly until the end of the study were collected...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528793/comparison-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-bioimpedance-in-assessing-body-composition-and-nutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#10
Velena Popovic, Bo Zerahn, James Goya Heaf
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are characterized by protein malnutrition and muscle wasting. Reliable, easy, and cheap methods for evaluating nutrition are desirable. Three methods are commonly available: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioimpedance (BI), and subjective global assessment (SGA).The objective of the study was to compare the previously mentioned methods for assessment of body composition and nutritional status in PD patients. DESIGN: The study is cross-sectional and consisted of 72 PD patients from a single center PD ambulatorium...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528340/evaluation-of-hypocaloric-diet-with-protein-supplementation-in-middle-aged-sarcopenic-obese-women-a-pilot-study
#11
Rosa Sammarco, Maurizio Marra, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Marianna Naccarato, Franco Contaldo, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutritional program, which is characterized by a different modulation of proteins, in adult patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: We studied 18 obese women aged 41-74 years. Obesity was diagnosed as fat mass > 34.8% and sarcopenia was defined when lean body mass was <90% of the subject's ideal fat free mass. All subjects were randomly assigned to different nutritional interventions: Hypocaloric diet plus placebo (A) and hypocaloric high-protein diet (1...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526625/effects-of-resistance-training-frequency-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-older-men-and-women-during-intervention-and-follow-up
#13
Elena Fernández-Lezaun, Moritz Schumann, Tuomas Mäkinen, Heikki Kyröläinen, Simon Walker
This study investigated the effects of resistance training (RT) performed with different frequencies, including a follow-up period, on cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy older individuals. Eighty-eight men and women (69±3years, 167±9cm and 78±14kg) were randomly placed into four groups: training one- (M1=11, W1=12), two- (M2=7, W2=14), or three- (M3=11, W3=13) times-per-week or a non-training control group (MCon=11, WCon=9). During months 1-3, all subjects trained two-times-per-week while during the subsequent 6months, training frequency was set according to the group...
May 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525669/relationship-between-bioimpedance-determined-body-composition-and-peritoneal-transport-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#14
Bernardo M da Costa, Gloria Del Peso, Maria Auxiliadora Bajo, Gilda Carreño, Marta Ferreira, Carina Ferreira, Rafael Selgas
PURPOSE: In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, body fluid homeostasis is dependent on peritoneal elimination of water and solutes. Patients with less favorable peritoneal transport parameters should be more overhydrated. Despite this, the association between faster transport and overhydration (OH) is weak, and the factors that influence hydration status are still poorly characterized. Modified peritoneal equilibration tests (PET) offer us new parameters that might correlate better with hydration status, like free water transport (FWT)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525355/does-body-fat-percentage-predict-post-exercise-heart-rate-response-in-non-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Tatjana Jezdimirovic, Valdemar Stajer, Sasa Semeredi, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez, Sergej M Ostojic
BACKGROUND: A correlation between adiposity and post-exercise autonomic regulation has been established in overweight and obese children. However, little information exists about this link in non-obese youth. The main purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relationship between body fat percentage (BFP) and heart rate recovery after exercise [post-exercise heart rate (PEHR)], a marker of autonomic regulation, in normal-weight children and adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the body composition of 183 children and adolescents (age 15...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523306/a-novel-method-for-measuring-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-using-ultrasound-in-children-interobserver-consistency
#16
Adela ChiriŢă-Emandi, Maria Camelia Papa, Liliana Abrudan, Mihaela Amelia Dobrescu, Maria Puiu, Iulian Puiu Velea, Corina Paul
BACKGROUND: Currently, sufficiently accurate field methods for body composition assessment in children are missing. The ultrasound method for assessing adipose tissue thickness has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, there are no studies looking at the reliability of this method in non-athletic children. This paper aims to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring the uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound, in children. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy children (20 males, 20 females), median age 11...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522656/comparison-between-different-measures-of-body-fat-with-kidney-function-decline-and-incident-ckd
#17
Magdalena Madero, Ronit Katz, Rachel Murphy, Anne Newman, Kushang Patel, Joachim Ix, Carmen Peralta, Suzanne Satterfield, Linda Fried, Michael Shlipak, Mark Sarnak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although anthropometric measures of body fat are associated with development of CKD, they may not be able to distinguish between various forms of fat and therefore may be less accurate than computed tomography (CT) measures. We compared the association of CT and anthropometric measures of obesity with kidney outcomes in the Health Aging and Body Composition Study. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Participants were recruited from March of 1997 through July of 1998...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513635/the-impact-of-dark-chocolate-intake-on-arterial-elasticity-in-individuals-with-hiv-aids-undergoing-art-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-trial
#19
Andrea Mariana Nunes da Costa Teixeira, Liania Alves Luzia, Suelen Jorge de Souza, Aline de Almeida Petrilli, Patrícia de Moraes Pontilho, Jose Maria Pacheco de Souza, Aluísio Augusto Cotrim Segurado, Priscila Efraim, Camila de Melo Picone, Patrícia Helen de Carvalho Rondo
An increase in the frequency of cardiovascular diseases has been observed in the HIV/AIDS population. Studies involving healthy subjects or subjects with other diseases have shown benefits of chocolate supplementation on endothelial function and vasodilation. We evaluate the impact of chocolate consumption on arterial elasticity in people living with human immunodeficiency virus - PLHIV. A double-blind, crossover trial including 110 PLHIV (19 to 59 years) on antiretroviral therapy - ART for at least 6 months and with a viral load of <500 copies per mL was conducted...
May 17, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#20
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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