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Evaluation and "body composition"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941386/trp64arg-polymorphism-of-the-adrb3-gene-associated-with-maximal-fat-oxidation-and-ldl-c-levels-in-non-obese-adolescents
#1
Íncare Correa de Jesus, Lupe Furtado Alle, Eva Cantalejo Munhoz, Larissa Rosa da Silva, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Luciane Viater Tureck, Katia Sheylla Malta Purim, Ana Claudia Kapp Titski, Neiva Leite
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the ADRB3 gene, maximal fat oxidation rates (FATMAX) and the lipid profile levels in non-obese adolescents. METHODS: 72 schoolchildren, of both genders, aged between 11 and 17 years, participated in the study. The anthropometric and body composition variables, in addition to total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL-c), low density lipoprotein (LDL-c), triglycerides (TG), insulin (INS), and basal glycemia (GLIC), were evaluated...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938456/growth-hormone-improves-cardiopulmonary-capacity-and-body-composition-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#2
Donatella Capalbo, Flavia Barbieri, Nicola Improda, Francesco Giallauria, Elisa Di Pietro, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Raffaella Di Mase, Carlo Vigorito, Mariacarolina Salerno
Context: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in children may be associated with early cardiovascular risk factors and alterations in left ventricular (LV) structure and function; however, data on cardiopulmonary functional capacity are lacking. Objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of GHD and GH therapy on cardiopulmonary functional capacity, left and right cardiac structure and function, and body composition in children and adolescents. Design: Prospective, case-control study...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938446/vitamin-d-and-testosterone-in-healthy-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Elisabeth Lerchbaum, Stefan Pilz, Christian Trummer, Verena Schwetz, Oliver Pachernegg, Annemieke C Heijboer, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch
Context: Available evidence shows an association of vitamin D with androgen levels in men. However, results from preliminary randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are conflicting. Objective: To evaluate whether vitamin D supplementation increases total testosterone (TT) levels in healthy men. Design: The Graz Vitamin D&TT-RCT is a single-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial conducted between December 2012 and January 2017...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938290/body-composition-changes-in-severely-burned-children-during-icu-hospitalization
#4
Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Ioannis Malagaris, Eric Rivas, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Charles D Voigt, Elizabeth Blears, Ron P Mlcak, David N Herndon, Celeste C Finnerty, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged hospitalization due to burn injury results in physical inactivity and muscle weakness. However, how these changes are distributed among body parts is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of body composition changes in different anatomical regions during ICU hospitalization. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Children's burn hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-four severely burned children admitted to our institution between 2000 and 2015...
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935148/effect-of-physical-activity-and-age-on-plasma-copper-zinc-iron-and-magnesium-concentration-in-physically-active-healthy-males
#5
Gurseen Rakhra, Daisy Masih, Annu Vats, Saroj K Verma, Vijay K Singh, Rashmi Tomar Rana, Vandana Kirar, Som Nath Singh
OBJECTIVES: The concentration of nutritionally important minerals in circulation is under tight homeostatic control, however, physical activity and aging influence their body stores and nutritional requirement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of both physical activity and age on plasma concentrations of copper, zinc, iron, and magnesium. METHODS: Stratified cluster sampling was used for selection of study participants (N = 360) belonging to three physical activity groups: sedentary, moderately active, and highly active on the basis of their physical activity levels as 1...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932748/insulin-resistance-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-is-associated-with-low-appendicular-lean-mass
#6
Raili Müller, Mart Kull, Margus Lember, Kaja Põlluste, Annika Valner, Riina Kallikorm
In established rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the presence of insulin resistance (IR) is well proven but, in the early stage of the disease, data are inconclusive. We evaluated the presence of IR and associations with body composition (BC) parameters among early RA (ERA) and control subjects. The study group consisted of 92 ERA and 321 control subjects. Using homeostatic model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR), the cut-off value for IR was 2.15. 56% of the ERA patients and 25% of the controls had IR. Of the BC parameters, patients with early RA had less fat-free mass and appendicular lean mass (ALM)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931175/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#7
Jowita Halupczok-Żyła, Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska, Marek Skrzypski, Mathias Z Strowski, Marek Bolanowski
Introduction The goal of the study was to investigate fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels in acromegalic patients in relation to the disease activity and to compare them with controls. Further, we aimed to evaluate the associations between FGF-21 and random growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), metabolic and anthropometric parameters. Materials and methods The study group consisted of 50 acromegalic patients divided into 3 subgroups on the basis of disease activity (AA - active acromegaly, CD - controlled disease, CA - cured acromegaly)...
September 20, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923178/diet-quality-and-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-community-dwelling-adults-50-years-and-older
#8
Jinhee Kim, Yunhwan Lee, Seunghee Kye, Yoon-Sok Chung, Jae-Hyun Kim, Doukyoung Chon, Kyung Eun Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between diet quality and osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO), low bone and muscle mass with concurrent high fat mass, in middle-aged and older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from a cross-sectional study of 2579 men and 3550 women aged 50 years and older who completed the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey from 2008 to 2010. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data were collected using 24-h dietary recall, and diet quality was determined by the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I), on which higher scores denote better quality...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921743/exercise-training-dose-differentially-alters-muscle-and-heart-capillary-density-and-metabolic-functions-in-an-obese-rat-with-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Marcus Vinicius Machado, Aline Bomfim Vieira, Fabiana Gomes da Conceição, Alessandro Rodrigues Nascimento, Antonio Claudio Lucas da Nóbrega, Eduardo Tibirica
We evaluated the effect of frequency, duration and intensity of exercise training on metabolic parameters and structural capillary density in obese rats with metabolic syndrome (MS). Wistar-Kyoto rats were fed a either standard commercial diet (CON) or high-fat diet (HFD). Animals that received the HFD were randomly separated into either a sedentary (SED) group or 8 different exercise groups that varied by the frequency, duration and intensity of training. After 12 weeks of aerobic exercise training, body composition, aerobic capacity, hemodynamic variables, metabolic parameters and capillary density in the heart and skeletal muscle were evaluated...
September 17, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917230/energy-restriction-combined-with-green-coffee-bean-extract-affects-serum-adipocytokines-and-the-body-composition-in-obese-women
#10
Fatemeh Haidari, Mehnoosh Samadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Mohammad Taha Jalali, Kambiz Ahmadi Engali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of green coffee bean extract combined with an energy-restricted diet on the body composition and serum adipocytokines in obese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this randomised clinical trial, 64 obese women aged 20-45 years were selected and divided into two groups: an intervention group (receiving 400 mg green coffee bean extract for 8 weeks) and control group (receiving placebo)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916564/modulation-of-the-gut-microbiome-a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-bariatric-surgery
#11
Yan Guo, Zhi-Ping Huang, Chao-Qian Liu, Lin Qi, Yuan Sheng, Da-Jin Zou
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is recommended for patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Recent evidence suggested a strong connection between gut microbiota and bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: The PubMed and OVID Embase were used and articles concerning bariatric surgery and gut microbiota were screened. The main outcome measures were alterations of gut microbiota after bariatric surgery and correlations between gut microbiota and host metabolism...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914503/testosterone-therapy-preserves-muscle-strength-and-power-in-aging-men-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
L V Magnussen, L G Hvid, A P Hermann, D M Hougaard, B Gram, P Caserotti, M S Andersen
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether testosterone replacement therapy improves muscle mechanical and physical function in addition to increasing lean leg mass and total lean body mass in aging men with type 2 diabetes and lowered bio-available testosterone (BioT) levels. Thirty-nine men aged 50-70 years with type 2 diabetes and BioT levels <7.3 nmol/L were included from an academic tertiary-care medical center. Patients were randomized to testosterone gel (testosterone replacement therapy, n = 20) or placebo (n = 19) for 24 weeks, applying a double-blinded design...
September 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912902/effects-of-dapagliflozin-on-body-composition-and-liver-tests-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-open-label-uncontrolled-study
#13
Hiroshi Tobita, Shuichi Sato, Tatsuya Miyake, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an active form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Risk factors for NASH include type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors used to treat T2DM prevent glucose reabsorption in the kidney and increase glucose urinary excretion. Dapagliflozin is a potent, selective SGLT2 inhibitor that reduces hyperglycemia in patients with T2DM and has been demonstrated to reduce some complications associated with NASH in rodent models...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904935/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-parameters-in-adolescent-team-sports-elite-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Javad Hosseinzadeh, Zahra Maghsoudi, Behnood Abbasi, Pooya Daneshvar, Atefeh Hojjati, Reza Ghiasvand
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intake is an important issue in adolescent athletes. Proper athletes' performance is a multifactorial outcome of good training, body composition, and nutritional status. The aim of the present study was to assess nutritional status, body composition, and cardiometabolic factors in adolescent elite athlete's province of Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 adolescent elite athletes from volleyball, basketball, and soccer teams were selected for the study...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901331/raw-bia-variables-are-predictors-of-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
F de Blasio, M G Santaniello, F de Blasio, G Mazzarella, A Bianco, L Lionetti, F M E Franssen, L Scalfi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although loss of fat-free mass (FFM) and reduced muscle strength are highly prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), only few data are available on the relationships of handgrip strength (HGS) and respiratory muscle strength with body composition in such disease. In particular, we aimed to assess whether raw bioelectrical impedance (BIA) variables were independent predictors of muscle strength in COPD patients, possibly more significant than anthropometric variables and BIA-based estimates of FFM...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895933/higher-protein-intake-does-not-improve-lean-mass-gain-when-compared-with-rda-recommendation-in-postmenopausal-women-following-resistance-exercise-protocol-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Luana T Rossato, Paula C Nahas, Flávia M S de Branco, Fernanda M Martins, Aletéia P Souza, Marcelo A S Carneiro, Fábio L Orsatti, Erick P de Oliveira
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a higher protein intake on lean body mass (LBM) gain in postmenopausal women practicing resistance exercise and compare it to the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) recommendation. Twenty-three postmenopausal women (63.2 ± 7.8 years) were randomized into two groups. The group with higher protein intake (n = 11) (HP) received a dietary plan with ~1.2 g·kg(-1)·day(-1) of protein, while the normal protein (NP) group (n = 12) was instructed to ingest ~0.8 g·kg(-1)·day(-1) of protein (RDA recommendation)...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894359/analysis-of-the-dynamics-of-venous-blood-flow-in-the-context-of-lower-limb-temperature-distribution-and-tissue-composition-in-the-elderly
#17
Aleksandra Skomudek, Iwona Gilowska, Ryszard Jasiński, Krystyna Rożek-Piechura
OBJECTIVE: The elderly are particularly vulnerable to degenerative diseases, such as circulatory and respiratory system and vascular system diseases. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate the distribution of temperature and the dynamics of venous blood flow in the lower limbs (LLs) and to assess the interdependence of these parameters in terms of the somatic components in males and females participating in activities at the University of the Third Age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 60 females (mean age 67...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893629/obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-not-a-diet-high-in-fat-sucrose-and-cholesterol-negatively-impacts-bone-outcomes-in-the-hyperphagic-otsuka-long-evans-tokushima-fatty-rat
#18
Laura C Ortinau, Melissa A Linden, Rebecca Dirkes, R Scott Rector, Pamela S Hinton
BACKGROUND: Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) increase fracture risk; however, the association between obesity/T2D may be confounded by consumption of a diet high in fat, sucrose, and cholesterol (HFSC). OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine the main and interactive effects of obesity/T2D and a HFSC diet on bone outcomes using hyperphagic Otuska Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats and normophagic Long Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) controls. METHODS: At 8weeks of age, male OLETF and LETO rats were randomized to either a control (CON, 10 en% from fat as soybean oil) or HFSC (45 en% from fat as soybean oil/lard, 17 en% sucrose, and 1wt%) diet, resulting in four treatment groups...
September 9, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893558/the-effects-of-chronic-testosterone-administration-on-body-weight-food-intake-and-fat-weight-were-age-dependent
#19
Takeshi Iwasa, Toshiya Matsuzaki, Mayila Yiliyasi, Kiyohito Yano, Minoru Irahara
Previously, we showed that chronic testosterone administration increased body weight (BW) and food intake (FI), but did not alter fat weight, in young female rats. To examine our hypothesis that the effects of androgens on BW, FI and body composition might be age-dependent, the effects of chronic testosterone administration were evaluated in rats of different ages; i.e., young and middle-aged rats. Although chronic testosterone administration increased BW gain, FI, and feed efficiency in both young and middle-aged rats, it increased visceral fat weight in middle-aged rats, but not in young rats...
September 8, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891198/targeted-medical-nutrition-for-cachexia-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Philip C Calder, Alessandro Laviano, Fredrik Lonnqvist, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maria Öhlander, Annemie Schols
BACKGROUND: Cachectic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may benefit from nutritional support. This double-blind, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of targeted medical nutrition (TMN) vs. an isocaloric comparator in pre-cachectic and cachectic patients with COPD. METHODS: Patients aged ≥50 years with moderate-to-severe COPD and involuntary weight loss or low body mass index (16-18 kg/m(2) ) were randomized 1:1 to receive TMN (~230 kcal; 2 g omega-3 fatty acids; 10 μg 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3) or isocaloric comparator twice daily for 12 weeks (ClinicalTrials...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
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