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Evaluation and "body composition"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818422/feasibility-and-effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-using-gerontechnology-in-assisted-living-communities-for-older-adults
#1
Martine Lauzé, Dominic D Martel, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults residing in assisted living communities is increasing. Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) on physical and cognitive capacities, and the opportunities for being active offered in these living environments, this population is highly sedentary and more at risk of physical decline. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, the acceptability, and the effects of PA intervention using gerontechnology in assisted living communities. METHODS: Forty-two older adults in 4 assisted living communities were recruited and randomly assigned to an exercise intervention group (EX) or a control group (CON) using a 2:1 ratio...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817419/the-association-of-fat-and-lean-tissue-with-whole-body-and-spine-bone-mineral-density-is-modified-by-hiv-status-and-sex-in-children-and-youth
#2
Denise L Jacobson, Jane C Lindsey, Brent A Coull, Kathleen Mulligan, Priya Bhagwat, Grace M Aldrovandi
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIV-pos) male children/youth showed lower bone mineral density at sexual maturity than HIV-uninfected (HIV-neg) females. It is not known whether complications of HIV disease, including abnormal body fat distribution, contribute to lower bone accrual in male HIV-pos adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the relationship between body composition (fat and lean mass) and bone mass in HIV-pos and HIV-neg children/youth and determined if it is modified by HIV status and sex...
August 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814844/comparison-between-parameters-of-muscle-performance-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-of-non-sarcopenic-and-sarcopenic-elderly-women
#3
Lygia Paccini Lustosa, Patrícia Parreira Batista, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira, Aline Scianni, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a multifactorial geriatric syndrome with complex interrelationships. Increased plasma levels of inflammatory mediators increase the catabolic stimuli of the musculature, thereby causing a decrease in mass and muscular function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the performance of the knee extensors test (by isokinetic dynamometer) and plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble receptors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (sTNFR1) between sarcopenics and non-sarcopenics community-dwelling elderly women residents of Brazil...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810876/prenatal-caloric-restriction-alters-lipid-metabolism-but-not-hepatic-fasn-gene-expression-and-methylation-profiles-in-rats
#4
Joanna Nowacka-Woszuk, Zofia E Madeja, Agata Chmurzynska
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is an increasingly common problem. Insufficient calorie intake and nutrient deficiencies during pregnancy may have an impact not only on the mother, but may also alter metabolism in the infant. In this study, we have applied a calorie-restricted diet during gestation and examined its effect on hepatic Fasn mRNA and DNA methylation profiles in rats and their female progeny. The body composition and blood lipid profiles were also evaluated in both generations...
August 15, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809792/fat-sensation-fatty-acid-taste-and-olfaction-sensitivity-and-the-link-with-disinhibited-eating-behaviour
#5
Sophie Kindleysides, Kathryn L Beck, Daniel C I Walsh, Lisa Henderson, Shakeela N Jayasinghe, Matt Golding, Bernhard H Breier
Perception of fat taste, aroma, and texture are proposed to influence food preferences, thus shaping dietary intake and eating behaviour and consequently long-term health. In this study, we investigated associations between fatty acid taste, olfaction, mouthfeel of fat, dietary intake, eating behaviour, and body mass index (BMI). Fifty women attended three sessions to assess oleic acid taste and olfaction thresholds, the olfactory threshold for n-butanol and subjective mouthfeel ratings of custard samples. Dietary intake and eating behaviour were evaluated using a Food Frequency and Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801090/leptin-concentrations-and-scd-1-indices-in-classical-homocystinuria-evidence-for-the-role-of-sulfur-amino-acids-in-the-regulation-of-lipid-metabolism
#6
Soraia Poloni, Poli Mara Spritzer, Roberta H Mendes, Vânia D'almeida, Kamila Castro, Fernanda Sperb-Ludwig, Johanna Kugele, Sara Tucci, Henk J Blom, Ida V D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: We describe body composition, lipid metabolism and Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1) indices in patients with classical homocystinuria (HCU). METHODS: Eleven treated HCU patients and 16 healthy controls were included. Body composition and bone mineral density were assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry. Sulfur-containing amino acids (SAA) and their derivatives (total homocysteine, cysteine, methionine, S-adenosylmethionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, and glutathione), lipids (free fatty acids, acylcarnitines, triglycerides and lipoproteins), glucose, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, and isoprostanes were measured in plasma...
August 8, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799180/accuracy-of-octa-polar-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-total-and-appendicular-body-composition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-comparison-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-air-displacement-plethysmography
#7
J A C de Castro, L R A de Lima, D A S Silva
BACKGROUND: Body composition analysis has been used to investigate fat mass (FM) and bone mineral content (BMC) in children and adolescents diagnosed with HIV. Investigating the validity of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is interesting with respect to testing useful techniques for monitoring body composition in children and adolescents in clinical practice. The present study aimed to determine the validity of body composition analysis by BIA compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in children and adolescents an HIV diagnosis...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799060/association-between-anthropometric-indices-body-composition-and-bone-parameters-in-thai-female-adolescents
#8
Rapheeporn Khwanchuea, Chuchard Punsawad
OBJECTIVE: To investigate correlations between anthropometrics and body composition with bone parameters of the whole-body and lumbar spine in non-obese and obese Thai female adolescents. METHODS: This study was performed in 135 female adolescents aged 15 to 18 y enrolled in secondary schools in southern Thailand. Subjects were grouped into non-obesity (underweight and normal-to-overweight) (BMI < 25) and obesity (BMI ≥ 25) groups. Anthropometric indices for obesity [body weight (BW), waist circumference (WC), and body mass index (BMI)] were recorded...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797374/hormone-replacement-the-fountain-of-youth
#9
REVIEW
Bradley R Williams, Janet Soojeung Cho
Natural aging brings reduced production of growth and sex hormones, beginning in middle age, with noticeable physiologic changes by the sixth or seventh decade of life: reduced muscle mass, energy, and exercise capacity and alterations in sexual function. Hormones and hormone precursors have been investigated to delay changes in body composition, strength, and physical and cognitive function. Menopausal hormone therapy is effective for vasomotor and genitourinary symptoms. Testosterone is effective in men with hypogonadism and declines in physiologic function...
September 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793919/prevention-of-diabetes-in-overweight-obese-children-through-a-family-based-intervention-program-including-supervised-exercise-predikid-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Lide Arenaza, María Medrano, María Amasene, Beatriz Rodríguez-Vigil, Ignacio Díez, Manuel Graña, Ignacio Tobalina, Edurne Maiz, Edurne Arteche, Eider Larrarte, Inge Huybrechts, Catherine L Davis, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Javier Margareto, Idoia Labayen
BACKGROUND: The global pandemic of obesity has led to an increased risk for prediabetes and type-2 diabetes (T2D). The aims of the current project are: (1) to evaluate the effect of a 22-week family based intervention program, including supervised exercise, on insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) risk in children with a high risk of developing T2D and (2) to identify the profile of microRNA in circulating exosomes and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in children with a high risk of developing T2D and its response to a multidisciplinary intervention program including exercise...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792488/effect-of-lactobacillus-on-body-weight-and-body-fat-in-overweight-subjects-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#11
REVIEW
L Crovesy, M Ostrowski, D M T P Ferreira, E L Rosado, M Soares-Mota
Gut microbiota is important for maintaining body weight. Modulation of gut microbiota by probiotics may result in weight loss and thus help in obesity treatment. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus on weight loss and/or fat mass in overweight adults. A search was performed on the Medline (PubMed) and Scopus electronic databases using the search terms: 'probiotics', 'Lactobacillus, 'obesity', 'body weight changes', 'weight loss', 'overweight', 'abdominal obesity', 'body composition', 'body weight', 'body fat' and 'fat mass'...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770669/case-study-unfavorable-but-transient-physiological-changes-during-contest-preparation-in-a-drug-free-male-bodybuilder
#12
Andrew Pardue, Eric T Trexler, Lisa K Sprod
Extreme body composition demands of competitive bodybuilding have been associated with unfavorable physiological changes, including alterations in metabolic rate and endocrine profile. The current case study evaluated the effects of contest preparation (8 months), followed by recovery (5 months), on a competitive drug-free male bodybuilder over 13 months (M1-M13). Serum testosterone, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), cortisol, leptin, and ghrelin were measured throughout the study. Body composition (BodPod, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry [DXA]), anaerobic power (Wingate test), and resting metabolic rate (RMR) were assessed monthly...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769819/substantial-inter-subject-variability-in-blood-pressure-responses-to-glucose-in-a-healthy-non-obese-population
#13
Cathriona R Monnard, Benoît Fellay, Isabelle Scerri, Erik K Grasser
Aim: A large inter-subject variability in the blood pressure (BP) response to glucose drinks has been reported. However, the underlying factors remain elusive and we hypothesized that accompanying changes in glucose metabolism affect these BP responses. Methods: Cardiovascular and glycemic changes in response to a standard 75 g oral-glucose-tolerance-test were investigated in 30 healthy, non-obese males. Continuous cardiovascular monitoring, including beat-to-beat BP, electrocardiographically deduced heart rate and impedance cardiography, was performed during a 30 min baseline and continued up to 120 min after glucose ingestion...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768282/increased-non-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-children-and-young-adults-with-turner-syndrome-is-not-explained-by-bmi-alone
#14
Jennifer C Kelley, Iris Gutmark-Little, Philippe Backeljauw, Vaneeta Bamba
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) is a convenient measure of atherogenicity (normal concentration <120 mg/dL) but has not been investigated in TS. We aim to evaluate non-HDL-C patterns in a cohort of pediatric and young adult females with TS. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was used to obtain demographics, body composition, genetic reports, and lipid profiles in females with TS...
August 2, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768248/clinical-outcomes-of-dietary-replacement-of-saturated-fatty-acids-with-unsaturated-fat-sources-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#15
Bridget A Hannon, Sharon V Thompson, Ruopeng An, Margarita Teran-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Obesity and dyslipidemia are frequently treated with dietary interventions before pharmacotherapy is given. Diets high in unsaturated fat have proven advantageous to disease treatment. AIMS: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence of the effect of saturated fatty acids (SFA) replacement with unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) in metabolically healthy adults with overweight and obesity on markers of dyslipidemia and body composition...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767802/parathyroidectomy-in-chronic-kidney-disease-effects-on-weight-gain-and-on-quality-of-life-improvement
#16
Henyse Gomes Valente-Da-Silva, Maria Cristina Araújo Maya, Annie Seixas Moreira
Objective: to evaluate the benefit of parathyroidectomy in patients on hemodialysis, regarding nutritional and biochemical statuses, body composition and the health-related quality of life. Methods: this is a longitudinal study involving 28 hemodialysis adult patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism evaluated before and one year after surgery. Inclusion criteria: parathyroid hormone levels exceeding ten times the upper normal range and end-stage renal disease in hemodialysis program...
May 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766137/inhaled-glucocorticoids-are-associated-with-vertebral-fractures-in-copd-patients
#17
Pedro Assed Gonçalves, Rafael Dos Santos Neves, Leonardo Vieira Neto, Miguel Madeira, Fernando Silva Guimarães, Laura Maria Carvalho Mendonça, Agnaldo Jose Lopes, Maria Lucia Fleiuss Farias
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. Oral glucocorticoids are deleterious to bone; however, the impact of inhaled glucocorticoids (ICS) remains unclear. Our objective was to determine whether ICS contribute to osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Sixty-one COPD patients, 35 current users of ICS and 26 who had never received glucocorticoids, were evaluated for bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition and underwent vertebral fracture assessment (VFA)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765165/the-relationship-between-body-composition-and-bone-quality-measured-with-hr-pqct-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#18
Coralie Fournie, Solenne Pelletier, Justine Bacchetta, Stéphanie Boutroy, Cyrille Confavreux, Jocelyne Drai, Walid Arkouche, Denis Fouque, Roland Chapurlat, Fitsum Guebre-Egziabher
BACKGROUND: Bone is known to be impaired in chronic kidney disease and dialysis patients. Recent studies have shown that body composition (fat mass and lean mass) may impact bone health. Some of these effects may be related to mediators that are secreted by adipose tissue. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between body composition (dual x-ray absorptiometry [DEXA]) and adipokines (leptin, adiponectin), with bone density and microarchitecture assessed with high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) in chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in a single-center prospective study...
August 1, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759938/irisin-and-testosterone-in-men-with-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Zdravko Kamenov, Yavor Assyov, Petya Angelova, Antoaneta Gateva, Adelina Tsakova
The beneficial effects of testosterone on the metabolism and body composition of men are well established but the exact mechanisms of these effects are not clearly understood. A potential explanation might lie in the hormones, secreted from skeletal muscles, named "myokines". One such myokine, irisin, has been shown to also have potential beneficial metabolic effects. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the association of serum testosterone with circulating serum irisin levels in men with metabolic syndrome...
July 31, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756528/changes-in-incontinence-after-hysterectomy
#20
Anne Raabjerg Kruse, Trine Dalsgaard Jensen, Finn Friis Lauszus, Ervin Kallfa, Mogens Rørbæk Madsen
PURPOSE: Information about the perioperative incontinence following hysterectomy is limited. To advance the postoperative rehabilitation further we need more information about qualitative changes in incontinence, fatigue and physical function of patients undergoing hysterectomy. METHODS: 108 patients undergoing planned hysterectomy were compared pre- and postoperatively. In a sub-study of the prospective follow-up study the changes in incontinence, postoperative fatigue, quality of life, physical function, and body composition were evaluated preoperatively, 13 and 30 days postoperatively...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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