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intranasal steroids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807086/oral-steroids-alone-or-followed-by-intranasal-steroids-versus-watchful-waiting-in-the-management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion
#1
A Hussein, H Fathy, S M Amin, N Elsisy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of oral steroids alone or followed by intranasal steroids versus watchful waiting on the resolution of otitis media with effusion in children aged 2-11 years. METHODS: A total of 290 children with bilateral otitis media with effusion were assigned to 3 groups: group A was treated with oral steroids followed by intranasal steroids, group B was treated with oral steroids alone and group C was managed with watchful waiting. Patients were evaluated with audiometry and tympanometry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752153/iatrogenic-cushing-s-syndrome-caused-by-intranasal-steroid-use
#2
Fatma Dursun, Heves Kirmizibekmez
Cushing's syndrome (CS) is common after oral steroid use and has also been reported following topical or inhaled use, but it is extremely uncommon after intranasal administration. This is the case of a 6-year-old child who developed Cushing's syndrome after intranasal application of dexamethasone sodium phosphate for a period of 6 months. Pediatricians and other clinical practitioners should be aware that high-dose and long-term nasal steroid administration may cause iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome characterized by complications of glucocorticoid excess as well as serious and even life-threatening complications of adrenal insufficiency...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712109/therapeutic-effect-of-capsaicin-nasal-treatment-in-patients-with-mixed-rhinitis-unresponsive-to-intranasal-steroids
#3
Laura Van Gerven, B Steelant, Y A Alpizar, Karel Talavera, Peter W Hellings
Literature is convincing regarding the efficacy of capsaicin nasal treatment in idiopathic rhinitis (IR). However, up to 50% of IR patients do not meet the strict inclusion criteria of the trials conducted so far. As a consequence, the efficacy of capsaicin is unknown in a significant number of IR patients that do not meet the strict inclusion/exclusion criteria (1)(2). 'Mixed rhinitis' (MR) patients have more than one major etiologic factor involved in the mucosal pathology. We have no idea about the efficacy of capsaicin nasal spray in these patients nor about the time interval to seek a second application...
July 16, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656804/olopatadine-hydrochloride-ophthalmic-solution-for-the-treatment-of-allergic-conjunctivitis
#4
Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, Keerthi Reddy, Ves Dimov, Frank Eidelman
Olopatadine hydrochloride is an antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer available as oral, intranasal and ocular preparations. Most of the practical applications of olopatadine therapy focus on the treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis via intranasal and ocular routes. Areas covered: This article was created from a comprehensive literature search with information taken from meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical trials of children and adults. The articles that have been selected, evaluate the use of intranasal and ocular antihistamines and their role in allergic rhinoconjunctivitis...
August 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602009/update-on-intranasal-medications-in-rhinosinusitis
#5
REVIEW
Kornkiat Snidvongs, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich
This review describes beneficial effects and adverse events of various intranasal medications in treating rhinosinusitis. Application of intranasal steroids has been described in treating all subtypes of adult rhinosinusitis, but reports are limited in pediatrics and mostly in acute pediatric subgroups resulted in benefits While saline irrigation is effective for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without polyps and in pediatric acute rhinosinusitis, there is no evidence yet for saline drips and sprays. Application of intranasal antifungals and nasal irrigation with surfactant brings more harm than benefits...
July 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576524/influence-of-nasal-septum-deformity-on-nasal-obstruction-disease-severity-and-medical-treatment-response-among-children-and-adolescents-with-persistent-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Franklin Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Oliver Haag, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of different types of nasal septum deformity (NSD) on nasal obstruction, rhinitis severity and response to medical treatment among pediatric persistent allergic rhinitis (PER) patients. METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 150 children and adolescents (mean age 13 ± 2.8 years, females 32.6%) diagnosed with PER according to ARIA guidelines were assessed by nasal endoscopy for NSD according to Mladina's classification, their response to medical treatment (intranasal steroids and antihistamines or antileucotriens), the presence of comorbidities, rhinitis severity (modified-ARIA criterion) and nasal obstruction visual analog scale score (VAS)...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535139/otitis-media-with-effusion-our-national-practice
#7
Rachel E Roditi, Richard M Rosenfeld, Jennifer J Shin
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the focus of an updated multidisciplinary clinical practice guideline published by the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Based on data from clinical trials, the guideline recommends against using antihistamines, antibiotics, oral steroids, and intranasal steroids for OME. To understand practice patterns related to these guidelines, we assessed nationally representative data. Despite controlling for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and other potential confounders individualized for each medication class, an increased risk of antihistamine (odds ratio [OR], 3...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535109/intranasal-steroid-use-for-otitis-media-with-effusion-ongoing-opportunities-for-quality-improvement
#8
David E Wang, Derek J Lam, Angela M Bellmunt, Richard M Rosenfeld, Allison K Ikeda, Jennifer J Shin
Objectives Our objectives were (1) to assess patterns of intranasal steroid administration when otitis media with effusion (OME) has been diagnosed in children, (2) to investigate whether usage varies according to visit setting, and (3) to determine if practice gaps are such that quality improvement could be tracked. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis of an administrative database. Subjects and Methods National Ambulatory and Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys, 2005 to 2012; univariate, multivariate, and stratified analyses of intranasal steroid usage were performed...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493194/effectiveness-of-quercetin-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#9
Mustafa Sagit, Halil Polat, Seren Gulsen Gurgen, Elife Berk, Sabri Guler, Mehmet Yasar
We aimed to investigate whether quercetin had a therapeutic effect in an experimental rat model of allergic rhinitis. The study was conducted with 35 rats, which were randomly assigned into 4 groups: group 1 (n = 5), sham group; group 2 (quercetin group, n = 10) received 80 mg/kg day quercetin; group 3 (steroid group, n = 10) received steroid (mometasone furoate); and group 4 (control group, n = 10), received ovalbumin alone. Rats were sensitized by administration of ovalbumin on alternate days over 14 days via an intraperitoneal route...
August 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492612/a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study-comparing-drug-eluting-stent-therapy-and-intranasal-corticoid-steroid-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#10
R Taulu, A J Bizaki, J Numminen, M Rautiainen
OBJECTIVES: To conduct the first prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial comparing the efficacy of a drug-eluting stent (DES) (the Relieva StratusTM MicroFlow Spacer) and topical intranasal corticosteroid therapy in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). METHODS: Sixty-three adult patients with ethmoiditis were randomized into either the DES group (n=34) or nasal spray group (n=29). The main outcome variable was the Sinonasal Outcome Test 22, Visual Analogue Scale, nasal endoscopy, rhinometric measurements were performed at the beginning of the study, after three months and six months of follow-up...
May 10, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449551/a-survey-of-korean-physicians-prescription-patterns-for-allergic-rhinitis
#11
Min Young Seo, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hye Mi Jee, Young Min Ahn, Yong Min Kim, Sang Duk Hong
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the prescription patterns according to characteristics of physicians using a survey distributed amongst physicians in Korea. Methods: We surveyed the prescription patterns for allergic rhinitis (AR) of the members of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI) and the Korean Association of Otorhinolaryngologists (KAO). Questionnaire contained 4 categories with 28 queries. 448 physicians including 98 internal medicine (IM), 113 pediatrics (PED), and 237 otorhinolaryngology (ENT) were responded...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439197/clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-children-evaluated-with-polysomnography-in-pediatric-sleep-laboratory
#12
Hatice Ezgi Barış, Yasemin Gökdemir, Ela Erdem Eralp, Nilay Baş İkizoğlu, Fazilet Karakoç, Bülent Karadağ, Refika Ersu
AIM: Sleep disordered breathing is a common problem in childhood that encompasses a spectrum of disorders extending from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea. This study aims to investigate the results of children undergoing evaluation with polysomnography in the sleep laboratory of a tertiary care hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Demographic and clinical features as well as sleep associated symptoms, scores of pediatric sleep questionnaire and Pittsburgh sleep quality index and polysomnography results are retrospectively evaluated...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423474/nasal-obstructive-disorders-impair-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-a-real-life-study
#13
Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Franklin Marino-Sanchez, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Blasco-Lozano, María Teresa Giner-Muñoz, Oliver Haag, Isam Alobid, Ana María Plaza Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: We previously reported a higher prevalence of nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) in pediatric patients with persistent allergic rhinitis (PER) not responding to medical treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of NOD on quality of life (QoL) in this population. METHODS: Real-life prospective study including 142 patients (41 children, 6-11 years old and 101 adolescents, 12-17 years old) with moderate and severe PER. After 2 months of medical treatment (intranasal steroids and antihistamines), patients were asked whether their symptoms had improved (yes/no) and classified accordingly in R, responders and NR, non-responders...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421631/subclinical-lower-airways-correlates-of-chronic-allergic-and-non-allergic-rhinitis
#14
R J Saranz, A Lozano, N A Lozano, M F Ponzio, Á A Cruz
The upper and lower airways behave as a physiological and pathophysiological unit. Subclinical lower airways abnormalities have been described in patients with rhinitis without asthma. These are expressed as bronchial hyperreactivity, abnormalities in lung function and bronchial inflammation, likely as a result of the same phenomenon with systemic inflammatory impact that reaches both the nose and the lungs, which for unknown reasons does not always have a full clinical expression. Patients with rhinitis are at increased risk of developing asthma; therefore, most authors suggest a careful clinical evaluation and monitoring of these patients, especially if symptoms related to inflammation in the lower airways are observed...
April 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376942/voice-in-t1b-glottic-tumours-intratympanic-steroids-for-salvage-in-sensorineural-hearing-loss-intranasal-steroids-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-a-new-procedure-for-post-radiation-nasal-stenosis
#15
Musheer Hussain, Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297812/-the-regulative-effects-of-aspergillus-fumigatus-on-expression-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-in-asthmatic-rats
#16
X Zhou, Y J Dang, G F Wang, X Q Jin
Objective: To study the regulative effects of Aspergillus fumigatus (A.fumigatus) on expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GCR) in asthmatic rats. Methods: Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: a normal control group (UC), a normal control with A. fumigatus group (UC+ AF), an OVA group (OVA), and an OVA with A. fumigatus group (OVA+ AF). OVA and OVA+ AF groups were sensitized and challenged with OVA to establish asthmatic models. UC and UC+ AF groups were given normal saline as controls. After the last challenge, OVA+ AF and UC+ AF groups were given A...
March 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248603/cochrane-corner-extracts-from-the-cochrane-library
#17
REVIEW
Richard Orlandi, Clair Hopkins, Carl Philpott, Richard M Rosenfeld
The Cochrane Corner is a section in the journal that highlights systematic reviews relevant to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, with invited commentary to aid clinical decision making. This installment features a pair of related Cochrane Reviews on intranasal steroids for chronic rhinosinusitis, which identify low- to moderate-quality evidence for a beneficial effect on overall symptoms, nasal congestion, and rhinorrhea. There is no evidence, however, to suggest superiority of any particular steroid preparation or drug delivery system...
March 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238295/use-of-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#18
REVIEW
E U Sakarya, N Bayar Muluk, E G Sakalar, M Senturk, M Aricigil, S A Bafaqeeh, C Cingi
OBJECTIVES: This review examined the efficacy of intranasal corticosteroids for improving adenotonsillar hypertrophy. METHOD: The related literature was searched using PubMed and Proquest Central databases. RESULTS: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy causes mouth breathing, nasal congestion, hyponasal speech, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea, chronic sinusitis and recurrent otitis media. Adenoidal hypertrophy results in the obstruction of nasal passages and Eustachian tubes, and blocks the clearance of nasal mucus...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185935/progesterone-transfer-among-cohabitating-female-big-brown-bats-eptesicus-fuscus
#19
Lucas J Greville, Tyler Pollock, Joseph C Salter, Paul A Faure, Denys deCatanzaro
Experiments using female mice and bats have demonstrated that tritium-labeled 17β-estradiol ((3)H-E2) can be absorbed via cutaneous and intranasal routes and distributed to reproductive and neural tissues. Radioactivity has also been measured in tissues of untreated females after 48h cohabitation with (3)H-E2 injected males. The present study was designed to quantify steroid transfer among female bats. Radioactive quantification via liquid scintillation counting revealed absorption of tritium-labeled progesterone ((3)H-P4) in adult females 1h after cutaneous and intranasal application (10μCi)...
February 7, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167002/intranasal-fluticasone-associated-with-delayed-tympanostomy-tube-placement-in-children-with-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#20
Matthew G Crowson, Marisa A Ryan, Vaibhav H Ramprasad, Kevin J Choi, Eileen Raynor
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric patient caregivers may prefer to avoid a surgical intervention and request a medical management option for eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). However, there are limited published data evaluating the efficacy of intranasal fluticasone in the medical management of ETD as an alternative to tympanostomy tube placement. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine if intranasal fluticasone (INF) prevented tympanostomy tube placement in children with ETD, and 2) describe differences in patient response to INF related to cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) and Down syndrome...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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