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Aspergillus nidulans

Olga Martzoukou, George Diallinas, Sotiris Amillis
The AP-1 complex is essential for membrane protein traffic via its role in the pinching-off and sorting of secretory vesicles from the trans-Golgi and/or endosomes. While its essentiality is undisputed in metazoa, its role in simpler eukaryotes seems less clear. Here we dissect the role of AP-1 in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans and show that it is absolutely essential for growth due to its role in clathrin-dependent maintenance of polar traffic of specific membrane cargoes towards the apex of growing hyphae...
June 20, 2018: Genetics
Leandro José de Assis, Mevlut Ulas, Laure Nicolas Annick Ries, Nadia Ali Mohamed El Ramli, Ozlem Sarikaya-Bayram, Gerhard H Braus, Ozgur Bayram, Gustavo Henrique Goldman
The attachment of one or more ubiquitin molecules by SCF (<u>S</u>kp-<u>C</u>ullin-<u>F</u>-box) complexes to protein substrates targets them for subsequent degradation by the 26S proteasome, allowing the control of numerous cellular processes. Glucose-mediated signaling and subsequent carbon catabolite repression (CCR) are processes relying on the functional regulation of target proteins, ultimately controlling the utilization of this carbon source. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans , CCR is mediated by the transcription factor CreA, which modulates the expression of genes encoding biotechnologically relevant enzymes...
June 19, 2018: MBio
Wei Li, Jingwen Yu, Zixin Li, Wen-Bing Yin
Laccases, multicopper oxidoreductases, are mainly produced in white-rot fungi and are considered as ideal green catalysts in industrial and biotechnological applications. However, the development of laccases is limited due to the slow growth of natural laccase producing strains and the low expression levels of laccases. In this study, we designed three regulation strategies for laccase gene expression in the model fungus Aspergillus nidulans. By introducing various promoters in front of the laccase gene pslcc from the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus sanguineus, we found that the laccase gene with the original promoter had effective expression in A...
June 12, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
Zuzanna Wojdyla, Tomasz Borowski
The Fe(II)/2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase AsqJ from Aspergillus nidulans catalyses two pivotal steps in the synthesis of quinolone antibiotic 4'-methoxyviridicatin, i.e., desaturation and epoxidation of a benzodiazepinedione. The previous experimental results signal that, during the desaturation reaction, hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) from the benzylic carbon atom (C10) is a more likely step to initiate the reaction than the alternative HAT from the ring moiety (C3 atom). To unravel the origins of this regioselectivity and to explain why the observed reaction is desaturation and not the "default" hydroxylation, we performed a QM/MM study on the reaction catalysed by AsqJ...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Areti Pantazopoulou, Carlos María Galmarini, Miguel A Peñalva
Plocabulin (PM060184) is a microtubule depolymerizing agent with potent antiproliferative activity undergoing phase II clinical trials for the treatment of solid tumors. Plocabulin shows antifungal activity virtually abolishing growth of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans. A. nidulans hyphae depend both on mitotic and interphase microtubules, as human cells. Here, we exploited the A. nidulans genetic amenability to gain insight into the mechanism of action of plocabulin. By combining mutations in the two A...
June 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hui Qian, Qiuyi Chen, Shizhu Zhang, Ling Lu
The claudin family protein Fig1 is a unique fungal protein that is involved in pheromone-induced calcium influx and membrane fusion during the mating of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans . Whether and how Fig1 regulates Ca2+ homeostasis in response to extracellular stimuli is poorly understood. Previously, we found Aspergillus nidulans FigA, a homolog of Fig1 in S. cerevisiae , similar to the high-affinity calcium uptake system, is required for normal growth under low-Ca2+ minimal medium. In this study, using the calcium-sensitive photoprotein aequorin to monitor cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ]c ) in living cells, we found that the FigA dysfunction decreases the transient [Ca2+ ]c induced by a high extracellular calcium stress...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Anezia Kourkoulou, Alexandros A Pittis, George Diallinas
L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is an essential metabolite in animals and plants due to its role as an enzyme co-factor and antioxidant activity. In most eukaryotic organisms, L-ascorbate is biosynthesized enzymatically, but in several major groups, including the primate suborder Haplorhini, this ability is lost due to gene truncations in the gene coding for L-gulonolactone oxidase. Specific ascorbate transporters (SVCTs) have been characterized only in mammals and shown to be essential for life. These belong to an extensively studied transporter family, called Nucleobase-Ascorbate Transporters (NAT)...
March 22, 2018: Microbial Cell
Sandra Hoefgen, Jun Lin, Janis Fricke, Maria C Stroe, Derek J Mattern, Johann E Kufs, Peter Hortschansky, Axel A Brakhage, Dirk Hoffmeister, Vito Valiante
Heterologous expression of multi-gene biosynthetic pathways in eukaryotic hosts is limited by highly regulated individual monocistrons. Dissimilar to prokaryotes, each eukaryotic gene is strictly controlled by its own regulatory elements, such as promoter and terminator. Consequently, parallel transcription can occur only when a group of genes is synchronously activated. A strategy to circumvent this limitation is the concerted expression of multiple genes as a polycistron. By exploiting the "stop-carry on" mechanism of picornaviruses, we have designed a sophisticated, yet easy-to-assemble vector system to heterologously express multiple genes under the control of a single promoter...
May 26, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
Ana Carolina Boni, Daniela Luz Ambrósio, Fernanda Barbosa Cupertino, Alejandro Montenegro-Montero, Stela Virgilio, Fernanda Zanolli Freitas, Flávia Adolfo Corrocher, Rodrigo Duarte Gonçalves, Ally Yang, Matthew T Weirauch, Timothy R Hughes, Luis F Larrondo, Maria Célia Bertolini
Here, we report that the Neurospora crassa FLB-3 protein, the ortholog of the Aspergillus nidulans FlbC transcription factor, is required for developmental control. Deletion of flb-3 leads to changes in hyphae morphology and affects sexual and asexual development. We identified, as putative FLB-3 targets, the N. crassa aba-1, wet-1 and vos-1 genes, orthologs of the ones involved in A. nidulans asexual development and that work downstream of FlbC (abaA, wetA and vosA). In N. crassa, these three genes require FLB-3 for proper expression; however, they appear not to be required for normal development, as demonstrated by gene expression analyses during vegetative growth and asexual development...
June 2018: Fungal Biology
Ryosuke Shigemoto, Takara Matsumoto, Shunsuke Masuo, Naoki Takaya
Sirtuin is an NAD+ -dependent histone deacetylase that is highly conserved among prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Sirtuin deacetylates histones and non-histone proteins, and it is involved in fungal growth and secondary metabolite production. Here, we screened 579 fungal culture extracts that inhibited the histone deacetylase activity of Sirtuin A (SirA), produced by the fungus Aspergillus nidulans. Eight fungal strains containing three Ascomycota, two Basidiomycota and three Deuteromycetes produced SirA inhibitors...
May 23, 2018: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
Laure Nicolas Annick Ries, Leandro José de Assis, Fernando José Santos Rodrigues, Camila Caldana, Marina Campos Rocha, Iran Malavazi, Özgür Bayram, Gustavo H Goldman
The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDH), that converts pyruvate to acetyl-coA, is regulated by pyruvate dehydrogenase kinases (PDHK) and phosphatases (PDHP) that have been shown to be important for morphology, pathogenicity and carbon source utilisation in different fungal species. The aim of this study was to investigate the role played by the three PDHKs PkpA, PkpB and PkpC in carbon source utilisation in the reference filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans , in order to unravel regulatory mechanisms which could prove useful for fungal biotechnological and biomedical applications...
May 24, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Ping Jiang, Shujun Zheng, Ling Lu
The proper timing and positioning of cytokinesis/septation is crucial for hyphal growth and conidiation in Aspergillus nidulans . The septation initiation network (SIN) components are a conserved spindle pole body (SPB) localized signaling cascade and the terminal kinase complex SidB-MobA, which must localize on the SPB in this pathway to trigger septation/cytokinesis. The regulatory subunit of phosphatase PP2A-ParA has been identified to be a negative regulator capable of inactivating the SIN. However, little is known about how ParA regulates the SIN pathway and whether ParA regulates the septum formation process through affecting the SPB-localized SIN proteins...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Xiaowei Zheng, Gaoqi Xu, Liqin Zhu, Luo Fang, Yiwen Zhang, Haiying Ding, Yinghui Tong, Jiao Sun, Ping Huang
The aim of this pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) study is to evaluate the efficacy of various isavuconazole dosing regimens for healthy individuals and patients with hepatic or renal impairment against Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp. Monte Carlo simulations were conducted using pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters and pharmacodynamics (PD) data to determine the probabilities of target attainment and cumulative fractions of response in terms of area under the concentration curve/minimum inhibition concentration (AUC/MIC) targets of isavuconazole...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Sachin Jain, Relebohile Sekonyela, Ben Knox, Jonathan M Palmer, Anna Huttenlocher, Mehdi Kabbage, Nancy P Keller
LaeA is a conserved global regulator of secondary metabolism and development in filamentous fungi. Examination of Aspergillus fumigatus transcriptome data of laeA deletion mutants have been fruitful in identifying genes and molecules contributing to the laeA mutant phenotype. One of the genes significantly down regulated in A. fumigatus ΔlaeA is metR, encoding a bZIP DNA binding protein required for sulfur and methionine metabolism in fungi. LaeA and MetR deletion mutants exhibit several similarities including down regulation of sulfur assimilation and methionine metabolism genes and ability to grow on the toxic sulfur analog, sodium selenate...
May 9, 2018: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Christos Gournas, Alexandros Athanasopoulos, Vicky Sophianopoulou
In the recent years, molecular modeling and substrate docking, coupled with biochemical and genetic analyses have identified the substrate-binding residues of several amino acid transporters of the yeast amino acid transporter (YAT) family. These consist of (a) residues conserved across YATs that interact with the invariable part of amino acid substrates and (b) variable residues that interact with the side chain of the amino acid substrate and thus define specificity. Secondary structure sequence alignments showed that the positions of these residues are conserved across YATs and could thus be used to predict the specificity of YATs...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Judit Ámon, Kabichandra Keisham, Eszter Bokor, Evelyn Kelemen, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Zsuzsanna Hamari
Aspergillus nidulans produces sterigmatocystin, a secondary metabolite mycotoxin, for the protection of its reproductive structures. Previous studies on grazing behavior of fungivore arthropods, regulation of sexual development, and secondary metabolite biosynthesis have revealed the association of sterigmatocystin biosynthesis with sexual reproduction, but the spatial distribution of sterigmatocystin producing hyphae within the colony has never been investigated. In this work, we aimed to locate the site of sterigmatocystin production within the colony by employing a yCFP reporter system...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Hanan Hasan, Muhammad Hafiz Abd Rahim, Leona Campbell, Dee Carter, Ali Abbas, Alejandro Montoya
The present work describes the application of homologous recombination techniques in a wild-type Aspergillus terreus (ATCC 20542) strain to increase the flow of precursors towards the lovastatin biosynthesis pathway. A new strain was generated to overexpress acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase) by replacing the native ACCase promoter with a strong constitutive PadhA promoter from Aspergillus nidulans. Glycerol and a mixture of lactose and glycerol were used independently as the carbon feedstock to determine the degree of response by the A...
May 1, 2018: New Biotechnology
Guomin Han, Qian Shao, Cuiping Li, Kai Zhao, Li Jiang, Jun Fan, Haiyang Jiang, Fang Tao
Aspergillus flavus often invade many important corps and produce harmful aflatoxins both in preharvest and during storage stages. The regulation mechanism of aflatoxin biosynthesis in this fungus has not been well explored mainly due to the lack of an efficient transformation method for constructing a genome-wide gene mutant library. This challenge was resolved in this study, where a reliable and efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) protocol for A. flavus NRRL 3357 was established...
May 2018: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Wei Li, Aili Fan, Long Wang, Peng Zhang, Zhiguo Liu, Zhiqiang An, Wen-Bing Yin
Amino acid esters are a group of structurally diverse natural products with distinct activities. Some are synthesized through an inter-molecular esterification step catalysed by nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS). In bacteria, the formation of the intra-molecular ester bond is usually catalysed by a thioesterase domain of NRPS. However, the mechanism by which fungal NRPSs perform this process remains unclear. Herein, by targeted gene disruption in Penicillium brevicompactum and heterologous expression in Aspergillus nidulans , we show that two NRPSs, ApmA and ApmB, are sufficient for the synthesis of an amino acid ester, asperphenamate...
March 7, 2018: Chemical Science
Sui-Qun Yang, Xiao-Ming Li, Gang-Ming Xu, Xin Li, Chun-Yan An, Bin-Gui Wang
Three new natural products, including a new anthraquinone derivative isoversicolorin C (1), a new xanthone analog isosecosterigmatocystin (2), and a new amino acid derivative, glulisine A (3), along with six related metabolites (4-9) were isolated from the culture broth and mycelia extracts of the mangrove-derived endophytic fungus Aspergillus nidulans MA-143 under 0.1% ethanol stress. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analysis of their NMR spectra, ECD spectrum, and X-ray crystallographic experiments...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Antibiotics
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