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Aspergillus nidulans

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228225/identification-of-pathogenic-aspergillus-isolates-from-captive-birds-in-australia
#1
Jessica J Talbot, Paul Thompson, Larry Vogelnest, Vanessa R Barrs
Aspergillosis is a major cause of severe respiratory disease in birds. The prevalence of cryptic section Fumigati and other non-Aspergillus fumigatus species as causative agents is unknown. Species identity was determined in 30 isolates from affected birds from zoos, pet birds and poultry by PCR of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 and partial β-tubulin genes. The most prevalent isolate was A. fumigatus sens. str. in 87% (26) cases. Other Aspergillus species were identified in 13% (4) cases, including A. restrictus (1), A...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227022/the-gata-type-ivb-zinc-finger-transcription-factor-ssnsd1-regulates-asexual-sexual-development-and-appressoria-formation-in-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum
#2
Jingtao Li, Wenhui Mu, Selvakumar Veluchamy, Yanzhi Liu, Yanhua Zhang, Hongyu Pan, Jeffrey A Rollins
The sclerotium, a multicellular structure made from the compact aggregation of vegetative hyphae, is critical for the long-term survival and sexual reproduction of the plant pathogenic fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. The development and carpogenic germination of sclerotia are regulated by integrating signals from both environmental and endogenous processes. Here we report on the regulatory functions of the S. sclerotiorum GATA-type IVb zinc-finger transcription factor SsNsd1 in these processes. SsNsd1 is orthologous to the Aspergillus nidulans NsdD (never in sexual development) and the Neurospora crassa SUB-1 (submerged protoperithecia-1) proteins...
December 11, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212709/a-eukaryotic-nicotinate-inducible-gene-cluster-convergent-evolution-in-fungi-and-bacteria
#3
Judit Ámon, Rafael Fernández-Martín, Eszter Bokor, Antonietta Cultrone, Joan M Kelly, Michel Flipphi, Claudio Scazzocchio, Zsuzsanna Hamari
Nicotinate degradation has hitherto been elucidated only in bacteria. In the ascomycete Aspergillus nidulans, six loci, hxnS/AN9178 encoding the molybdenum cofactor-containing nicotinate hydroxylase, AN11197 encoding a Cys2/His2 zinc finger regulator HxnR, together with AN11196/hxnZ, AN11188/hxnY, AN11189/hxnP and AN9177/hxnT, are clustered and stringently co-induced by a nicotinate derivative and subject to nitrogen metabolite repression mediated by the GATA factor AreA. These genes are strictly co-regulated by HxnR...
December 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194456/tools-for-retargeting-proteins-within-aspergillus-nidulans
#4
Subbulakshmi Suresh, Leymaan Abdurehman, Aysha H Osmani, Stephen A Osmani
Endogenously tagging proteins with green fluorescent protein (GFP) enables the visualization of the tagged protein using live cell microscopy. GFP-tagging is widely utilized to study biological processes in model experimental organisms including filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus nidulans. Many strains of A. nidulans have therefore been generated with different proteins endogenously tagged with GFP. To further enhance experimental approaches based upon GFP-tagging, we have adapted the GFP Binding Protein (GBP) system for A...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188416/production-of-an-emericellin-and-its-analogues-as-fungal-biological-responses-for-shimbu-to-extract
#5
Nobuhiro Inoue, Daigo Wakana, Hisashi Takeda, Takashi Yaguchi, Tomoo Hosoe
This research examined the production of fungal metabolites as a biological response to Kampo medicines. Shimbu-to (SMB) is a Kampo medicine composed of five herbal components: peony root (Shakuyaku), ginger (Shokyo), processed aconite root (Bushi), Poria sclerotium (Bukuryo), and Atractylodes lancea rhizomes (Sojutsu). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the fungus Aspergillus nidulans CBS 112.46 incubated in potato dextrose broth supplemented with SMB extract revealed emericellin (2) as the major peak and new xanthone analogues 24-hydroxyshamixanthone (1), shamixanthone (3), epishamixanthone (4), pre-shamixanthone (5), and variecoxanthone A (6) as minor peaks...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175367/spatial-heterogeneity-of-glycogen-and-its-metabolizing-enzymes-in-aspergillus-nidulans-hyphal-tip-cells
#6
Shunsuke Masuo, Airi Komatsuzaki, Norio Takeshita, Eriko Ito, Okazoe Takaaki, Shengmin Zhou, Naoki Takaya
Glycogen is a homopolymer of glucose and a ubiquitous cellular-storage carbon. This study investigated which Aspergillus nidulans genes are involved in glycogen metabolism. Gene disruptants of predicted glycogen synthase (gsyA) and glycogenin (glgA) genes accumulated less cellular glycogen than the wild type strain, indicating that GsyA and GlgA synthesize glycogen similarly to other eukaryotes. Meanwhile, gene disruption of gphA encoding glycogen phosphorylase increased the amount of glycogen to a higher degree than wild type during the stationary phase that accompanies carbon-source limitation...
November 22, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135022/a-fast-and-simple-method-to-estimate-relative-hyphal-tensile-strength-of-filamentous-fungi-used-to-assess-the-effect-of-autophagy
#7
Daniela Quintanilla, Cynthia Chelius, Sirasa Iambamrung, Sidney Nelson, Donnel Thomas, Krist V Gernaey, Mark R Marten
Fungal hyphal strength is an important phenotype which can have a profound impact on bioprocess behavior. Until now, there is not an efficient method which allows its characterization. Currently available methods are very time consuming; thus, compromising their applicability in strain selection and process development. To overcome this issue, a method for fast and easy, statistically-verified quantification of relative hyphal tensile strength was developed. It involves off-line fragmentation in a high shear mixer followed by quantification of fragment size using laser diffraction...
November 14, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128933/proven-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-stem-cell-transplant-recipient-due-to-aspergillus-sublatus-a-cryptic-species-of-a-nidulans
#8
Vanda Chrenkova, Vit Hubka, Petr Cetkovsky, Michal Kouba, Barbora Weinbergerova, Pavlina Lyskova, Ludmila Hornofova, Petr Hubacek
Invasive fungal disease represents one of the severe complications in haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. We describe a case of a patient treated for relapse of chronic lymphoblastic leukaemia 6 years after HSCT. The patient was treated for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis but died 3 months later from multiple organ failures consisting of haemorrhagic necrotizing fungal pneumonia, refractory chronic hepatic graft versus host disease and cytomegalovirus hepatitis. Autopsy samples revealed histopathological evidence of fungal hyphae and an unusual Aspergillus nidulans-like species was isolated in pure culture...
November 11, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098413/rational-design-for-heterologous-production-of-aurovertin-type-compounds-in-aspergillus-nidulans
#9
Zihui Ma, Wei Li, Peng Zhang, Haining Lyu, Youcai Hu, Wen-Bing Yin
Aurovertins are the structurally diverse polyketides that distribute widely in different fungal species. They feature a 2,6-dioxabicyclo[3.2.1]-octane ring in structure and exhibit the potential antitumor activity against breast cancer as F1-ATPase β subunit inhibitor. In this study, we constructed the biosynthetic pathway of aurovertin in an Aspergillus nidulans host and obtained seven aurovertin-type compounds. Surprisingly, three new aurovertin geometric isomers were characterized. By introducing an inducible promoter xylP(p) in the pathway gene acyltransferase aurG, we can control the product ratios among different aurovertin compounds by adding glucose and/or inducer xylose...
November 2, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076725/rewiring-of-the-austinoid-biosynthetic-pathway-in-filamentous-fungi
#10
Derek J Mattern, Vito Valiante, Fabian Horn, Lutz Petzke, Axel A Brakhage
Filamentous fungi produce numerous high-value natural products (NPs). The biosynthetic genes for NPs are normally clustered in the genome. A valuable NP class is represented by the insecticidal austinoids. We previously determined their biosynthesis in the fungus Aspergillus calidoustus. After further computational analysis looking into the austinoid gene clusters in two additional distantly related fungi, Aspergillus nidulans and Penicillium brasilianum, a rearrangement of the genes was observed that corresponded to the diverse austinoid derivatives produced by each strain...
November 2, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046814/emergence-and-loss-of-spliceosomal-twin-introns
#11
Michel Flipphi, Norbert Ág, Levente Karaffa, Napsugár Kavalecz, Gustavo Cerqueira, Claudio Scazzocchio, Erzsébet Fekete
BACKGROUND: In the primary transcript of nuclear genes, coding sequences-exons-usually alternate with non-coding sequences-introns. In the evolution of spliceosomal intron-exon structure, extant intron positions can be abandoned and new intron positions can be occupied. Spliceosomal twin introns ("stwintrons") are unconventional intervening sequences where a standard "internal" intron interrupts a canonical splicing motif of a second, "external" intron. The availability of genome sequences of more than a thousand species of fungi provides a unique opportunity to study spliceosomal intron evolution throughout a whole kingdom by means of molecular phylogenetics...
2017: Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043485/nitrate-assimilation-pathway-nap-role-of-structural-nit-and-transporter-ntr1-genes-in-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-lycopersici-growth-and-pathogenicity
#12
Lucia Gomez-Gil, Jesus Camara Almiron, Patricia Lizett Rodriguez Carrillo, Cindy Nayely Olivares Medina, Gustavo Bravo Ruiz, Pamela Romo Rodriguez, Alma Rosa Corrales Escobosa, Felix Gutierrez Corona, M Isabel Roncero
The tomato pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici possesses the capability to use nitrate as the only nitrogen source under aerobic and anaerobic conditions and to activate virulence-related functions when cultivated in the presence of nitrate, but not in ammonium. The genome of F. oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici encodes three paralogs nitrate reductase (NR) genes (nit1, nit2 and nit3) and one predicted ortholog of the Aspergillus nidulans high-affinity nitrate/nitrite transporters NtrA and NtrB, named ntr1...
October 17, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029189/identification-of-a-mutarotase-gene-involved-in-d-galactose-utilization-in-aspergillus-nidulans
#13
László Kulcsár, Michel Flipphi, Ágota Jónás, Erzsébet Sándor, Erzsébet Fekete, Levente Karaffa
Aldose 1-epimerases or mutarotases (EC 5.1.3.3) are catalyzing the interconversion of α- and β-anomers of hemiacetals of aldose sugars such as D-glucose and D-galactose, and are presumed to play an auxiliary role in carbohydrate metabolism as mutarotation occurs spontaneously in watery solutions. The first step in the Leloir pathway of D-galactose breakdown is preceded by accelerated conversion of β-D-galactopyranose into the α-anomer, the substrate of the anomer-specific D-galactose 1-kinase. Here, we identified two putative aldose-1-epimerase genes (galmA and galmB) in the model organism Aspergillus nidulans, and characterized them upon generation of single- and double deletion mutant strains, as well as overexpressing mutants carrying multiple copies of either...
September 25, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979242/a-comparison-of-microsatellites-in-phytopathogenic-aspergillus-species-in-order-to-develop-markers-for-the-assessment-of-genetic-diversity-among-its-isolates
#14
Sahil Mahfooz, Satyendra P Singh, Nishtha Mishra, Aradhana Mishra
The occurrence of Microsatellites (SSRs) has been witnessed in most of the fungal genomes however its abundance varies across species. In the present study, we analyzed the frequency of SSRs in the whole genome and transcripts of two phyto-pathogenic (Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus terreus) and compared them with two non-pathogenic (Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus oryzae) Aspergillus. Higher relative abundance and relative density of SSRs were observed in the whole genome and transcript sequences of the pathogenic Aspergillus when compared to the non-pathogenic...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978674/substrate-specificity-of-the-fure-transporter-is-determined-by-cytoplasmic-terminal-domain-interactions
#15
Georgia F Papadaki, Sotiris Amillis, George Diallinas
FurE, a member of the NCS1 transporter family in Aspergillus nidulans, is specific for allantoin, uric acid, uracil and related analogues. Herein, we show that C- or N-terminally truncated FurE transporters (FurE-ΔC or FurE-ΔΝ) present increased protein stability, but also inability for uric acid transport. To better understand the role of cytoplasmic terminal regions, we characterized genetic suppressors that restore FurE-ΔC-mediated uric acid transport. Suppressors map in the periphery of the substrate-binding site (Thr133 in TMS3 and Val343 in TMS8), an outward-facing gate (Ser296 in TMS7, Ile371 in TMS9, Tyr392 and Leu394 in TMS10) or in flexible loops (Asp26 in LN, Gly222 in L5, Asn308 in L7)...
October 4, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950493/probing-the-effect-of-tip-pressure-on-fungal-growth-application-to-aspergillus-nidulans
#16
Blanca González-Bermúdez, Qingxuan Li, Gustavo V Guinea, Miguel A Peñalva, Gustavo R Plaza
The study of fungal cells is of great interest due to their importance as pathogens and as fermenting fungi and for their appropriateness as model organisms. The differential pressure between the hyphal cytoplasm and the bordering medium is essential for the growth process, because the pressure is correlated with the growth rate. Notably, during the invasion of tissues, the external pressure at the tip of the hypha may be different from the pressure in the surrounding medium. We report the use of a method, based on the micropipette-aspiration technique, to study the influence of this external pressure at the hyphal tip...
August 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947555/biochemical-and-structural-bioinformatics-studies-of-fungal-cuta-nucleotidyltransferases-explain-their-unusual-specificity-toward-ctp-and-increased-tendency-for-cytidine-incorporation-at-the-3-terminal-positions-of-synthesized-tails
#17
Kamil Kobyłecki, Krzysztof Kuchta, Andrzej Dziembowski, Krzysztof Ginalski, Rafał Tomecki
Noncanonical RNA nucleotidyltransferases (NTases), including poly(A), poly(U) polymerases (PAPs/PUPs), and C/U-adding enzymes, modify 3'-ends of different transcripts affecting their functionality and stability. They contain PAP/OAS1 substrate-binding domain (SBD) with inserted NTase domain. Aspergillus nidulans CutA (AnCutA), synthesizes C/U-rich 3'-terminal extensions in vivo. Here, using high-throughput sequencing of the 3'-RACE products for tails generated by CutA proteins in vitro in the presence of all four NTPs, we show that even upon physiological ATP excess synthesized tails indeed contain an unprecedented number of cytidines interrupted by uridines and stretches of adenosines, and that the majority end with two cytidines...
December 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940012/proteomic-analysis-of-the-soil-filamentous-fungus-aspergillus-nidulans-exposed-to-a-roundup-formulation-at-a-dose-causing-no-macroscopic-effect-a-functional-study
#18
Florence Poirier, Céline Boursier, Robin Mesnage, Nathalie Oestreicher, Valérie Nicolas, Christian Vélot
Roundup® is a glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH) used worldwide both in agriculture and private gardens. Thus, it constitutes a substantial source of environmental contaminations, especially for water and soil, and may impact a number of non-target organisms essential for ecosystem balance. The soil filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans has been shown to be highly affected by a commercial formulation of Roundup® (R450), containing 450 g/L of glyphosate (GLY), at doses far below recommended agricultural application rate...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904958/transcriptomic-analysis-reveals-genes-mediating-salt-tolerance-through-calcineurin-ccha-independent-signaling-in-aspergillus-nidulans
#19
Sha Wang, Hongchang Zhou, Jun Wu, Jiangyu Han, Shasha Li, Shengwen Shao
Adaptation to changes in the environment is crucial for the viability of all organisms. Although the importance of calcineurin in the stress response has been highlighted in filamentous fungi, little is known about the involvement of ion-responsive genes and pathways in conferring salt tolerance without calcium signaling. In this study, high-throughput RNA-seq was used to investigate salt stress-induced genes in the parent, ΔcnaB, and ΔcnaBΔcchA strains of Aspergillus nidulans, which differ greatly in salt adaption...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890404/structural-and-functional-characterization-of-a-highly-secreted-%C3%AE-l-arabinofuranosidase-gh62-from-aspergillus-nidulans-grown-on-sugarcane-bagasse
#20
Fabiano Jares Contesini, Marcelo Vizoná Liberato, Marcelo Ventura Rubio, Felipe Calzado, Mariane Paludetti Zubieta, Diego Mauricio Riaño-Pachón, Fabio Marcio Squina, Fabricio Bracht, Munir S Skaf, André Ricardo Damasio
Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes are key enzymes for biomass-to-bioproducts conversion. α-l-Arabinofuranosidases that belong to the Glycoside Hydrolase family 62 (GH62) have important applications in biofuel production from plant biomass by hydrolyzing arabinoxylans, found in both the primary and secondary cell walls of plants. In this work, we identified a GH62 α-l-arabinofuranosidase (AnAbf62Awt) that was highly secreted when Aspergillus nidulans was cultivated on sugarcane bagasse. The gene AN7908 was cloned and transformed in A...
September 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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