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pediatric optometry

Eileen P Storey, Stephen R Master, Julia E Lockyer, Olivia E Podolak, Matthew F Grady, Christina L Master
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of abnormal near point of convergence (NPC) after acute concussion in pediatric patients and to describe the clinical course of such patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 275 pediatric patients 5 to 18 years of age presenting to a tertiary care children's hospital subspecialty concussion program with a new concussion between July 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015 was conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-seven out of 275 pediatric patients presenting to a subspecialty concussion referral program were found to have abnormal NPC on physical examination as measured by an accommodative rule...
January 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Desiree Hensel, Don W Lyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Nurse Educator
William H McAlister, Timothy A Wingert, Jeffrey L Weaver, Frederick E Gerber
In September 2012, Pacific Angel (PACANGEL)--Nepal 2012 was conducted in Kaski District, Nepal. Health services were provided in optometry, family medicine, pediatrics, physical therapy, midwifery, dentistry, and pharmacy. This report is on optometric care provided. 995 patients were examined. Mean age was 41.34 (median 43). Mean entering distance visual acuity was 20/57 in the right eye, 20/60 in the left. Mean spherical error was +0.08D in the right eye, +0.09D in the left. For those patients with astigmatism, mean cylindrical error was -0...
July 2014: Military Medicine
Chen D Lu, Martin F Kraus, Benjamin Potsaid, Jonathan J Liu, Woojhon Choi, Vijaysekhar Jayaraman, Alex E Cable, Joachim Hornegger, Jay S Duker, James G Fujimoto
We developed an ultrahigh speed, handheld swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) ophthalmic instrument using a 2D MEMS mirror. A vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) operating at 1060 nm center wavelength yielded a 350 kHz axial scan rate and 10 ┬Ám axial resolution in tissue. The long coherence length of the VCSEL enabled a 3.08 mm imaging range with minimal sensitivity roll-off in tissue. Two different designs with identical optical components were tested to evaluate handheld OCT ergonomics...
December 20, 2013: Biomedical Optics Express
Dan Wang, Pei-ying Xie, Jian-lan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effects of special designed rigid gas permeable contact lens (RGPCL) in the treatment of secondary keratoconus. METHODS: Retrospective study. The results of correction of secondary keratoconus by the RGPCL in 89 cases (102 eyes) at the Optometry & Ophthalmology Center were analyzed, including history, slit lamp microscope, computer assisted corneal topography, phoropter, corneal endothelial cell examinations and A-scan corneal thickness measurements...
April 2013: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Don W Lyon, Kristine Hopkins, Raymond H Chu, Susanna M Tamkins, Susan A Cotter, B Michele Melia, Jonathan M Holmes, Michael X Repka, David T Wheeler, Nicholas A Sala, Janette Dumas, David I Silbert
PURPOSE: We conducted a pilot randomized clinical trial of office-based active vision therapy for the treatment of childhood amblyopia to determine the feasibility of conducting a full-scale randomized clinical trial. METHODS: A training and certification program and manual of procedures were developed to certify therapists to administer a standardized vision therapy program in ophthalmology and optometry offices consisting of weekly visits for 16 weeks. Nineteen children, aged 7 to less than 13 years, with amblyopia (20/40-20/100) were randomly assigned to receive either 2 hours of daily patching with active vision therapy or 2 hours of daily patching with placebo vision therapy...
May 2013: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Susan J Leat, Andrea Mittelstaedt, Stephen McIntosh, Carolyn M Machan, Patricia K Hrynchak, Elizabeth L Irving
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the prescribing patterns of academic optometrists for infants, children, and teenagers with hyperopia and the factors that affected the decision to prescribe. A comparison was made to published guidelines for prescribing for hyperopia in children. METHODS: The Waterloo Eye Study (WatES) database is a database of all patients attending the Primary Care Clinic or the Pediatric Clinic at the School of Optometry, University of Waterloo, between February 2007 and January 2008...
November 2011: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Yikui Zhang, Shenghai Huang, Huifang Ye, Ruitao Zou, Gengmin Tong, Ran Zhuo
OBJECTIVE: Design a convenient and stable eye refractometer based on the theory of blur circle. METHODS: Analyze the retinal blur circle in both Emsly reduced eye model and Liou & Brennan 1997 eye model by ZEMAX. Design the coefficients including PD (pupil diameter) and NO' (length between node point and fovea) with the purpose of improving the accuracy. At last, compare the clinical optometry data from this refractor with the data obtained from optometry hospital in Wenzhou...
March 2011: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
Marie I Bodack
BACKGROUND: Although pediatric patients are sometimes included in studies about visual problems in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI), few studies deal solely with children. Unlike studies dealing with adult patients, in which mechanisms of brain injury are divided into cerebral vascular accident (CVA) and traumatic brain injury (TBI), studies on pediatric patients deal almost exclusively with traumatic brain injury, specifically caused by accidents. CASE REPORT: Here we report on the vision problems of 4 pediatric patients, ages 3 to 18 years, who were examined in the ophthalmology/optometry clinic at a children's hospital...
October 2010: Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association
Valerie M Kattouf, Janice Scharre, Janice McMahon, Colleen Morrissey, David Korajczyk, Rachael Beatty
BACKGROUND: The Illinois College of Optometry's (ICO) Pediatric Outreach Program (POP) provides comprehensive vision care for high-risk children from birth to approximately 5 years of age in partnership with early intervention programs throughout the city of Chicago. Grant funds assisted in the ability to deliver vision services and spectacles to uninsured children. This report describes the structure and organization of the POP and presents the visual data. METHODS: Comprehensive eye examinations were performed on 4,298 children ages birth to approximately 5 years at 76 early intervention program sites...
January 2009: Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association
J E Farbrother
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the spectacle prescribing practices of hospital optometrists for infants and young children. METHODS: A two-part survey relating to the prescribing of spectacles for non-strabismic children aged one to five years was distributed to all delegates at the 2006 Annual Hospital Optometrists Conference. RESULTS: A total of 93 of the 149 optometrists returned the survey. The threshold level at which 50% of the respondents would consider prescribing spectacles in non-strabismic children at ages one, three and five years were for hyperopia 4...
March 2008: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Jeffrey J Walline, Lisa A Jones, Marjorie J Rah, Ruth E Manny, David A Berntsen, Monica Chitkara, Amber Gaume, Ailene Kim, Nicole Quinn et al.
PURPOSE: Despite several studies that show 8- to 11-year-old children are capable of wearing a various contact lens modalities, parents often report that their eye care practitioner would not fit their child with contact lenses until the child was about 13 years old. We conducted the Contact Lenses in Pediatrics (CLIP) Study to compare contact lens fitting and follow-up between 8- to 12-year-old children and 13- to 17-year-old teenagers. METHODS: At the baseline visit, all subjects underwent a contact lens fitting, including visual acuity, a manifest refraction, autorefraction, and biomicroscopy...
September 2007: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Susan A Cotter
PURPOSE: To provide an optometric perspective on the management of hyperopia in children without strabismus or amblyopia. METHODS: Factors that have potentially shaped optometry's viewpoint and influenced its prescribing philosophy for childhood hyperopia, such as optometry school and residency training, professional association clinical guidelines, conferences and continuing education courses, textbooks, scientific studies, opinions of professional leaders, and clinical experiences are discussed...
February 2007: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ida Chung, Amelia Bartolone, William H Swanson, Andrea P Thau
PURPOSE: The Proview tonometer measures intraocular pressure by inducing a pressure phosphene through the eyelid and, if reliable and valid, may offer a quick, nonthreatening and noninvasive alternative method of obtaining intraocular pressures (IOPs) without the use of eye drops. This study compares the IOP measurements obtained in children using Proview pressure phosphene tonometry (PPPT) and Goldmann tonometry (GT). METHODS: One hundred four 5- to 12-year-old patients of the University Optometric Center/SUNY College of Optometry participated in the study...
November 2006: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Jean E Ramsey, Geoffrey E Bradford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been a surge in legislative activity concerning children's vision in recent years. This review will summarize and compare newly enacted state statutes and review legislation that has been introduced at both the state and federal level. Detailed reference sites are provided and may be a useful resource for those involved in legislative advocacy. RECENT FINDINGS: The legislative arena has often mirrored the disparate views of ophthalmology and optometry regarding the most appropriate methods for identifying vision problems in young children...
October 2006: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Howard I Savage, Hester H Lee, Deneen Zaetta, Ronald Olszowy, Ellie Hamburger, Mark Weissman, Kevin Frick
PURPOSE: To assess the learning curve, testability, and reliability of vision screening modalities administered by pediatric health extenders. DESIGN: Prospective masked clinical trial. METHODS: Two hundred subjects aged 3 to 6 underwent timed screening for amblyopia by physician extenders, including LEA visual acuity (LEA), stereopsis (RDE), and noncycloplegic autorefraction (NCAR). Patients returned for a comprehensive diagnostic eye examination performed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist...
December 2005: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Lynette Dias, Elinor Schoenfeld, Jennifer Thomas, Catherine Baldwin, Jennifer McLeod, Justin Smith, Robert Owens, Leslie Hyman
BACKGROUND: The Correction of Myopia Evaluation Trial (COMET), a randomized, multicenter clinical trial of myopia progression in children, had an exceptionally high retention rate of 98.5% (462/469) at three years of follow-up. The present investigation was designed to evaluate and compare the reasons for COMET's high retention rate according to participating families and clinical center staff. METHODS: Families (n = 411) and staff (n = 35) completed a confidential 19-item questionnaire by indicating families' levels of preference for each item, and rating its importance in keeping families in the study...
2005: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Eric Borsting, Michael Rouse, Ray Chu
BACKGROUND: Accommodative dysfunction and convergence insufficiency (CI) are common pediatric vision problems that have been associated with an increase in frequency and severity of vision-specific symptoms that affect children when doing schoolwork. However, the relationship between accommodative dysfunction and CI and other learning problems, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of ADHD behaviors in school-aged children with symptomatic accommodative dysfunction or CI...
October 2005: Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association
David E Fitzgerald, Ida Chung, Ira Krumholtz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to document a comprehensive clinical profile-including the prevalence of amblyopia, strabismus, and anisometropia-of a pediatric population less than 10 years of age who manifested 6.00 diopters or more of myopia. METHOD: A retrospective record review was performed on all pediatric patients less than 10 years of age, examined at the State University of New York (SUNY) State College of Optometry between 1998 and 2001, and with a spherical equivalent of 6...
February 2005: Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association
P B Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2000: Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association
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