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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224256/echocardiographic-estimates-of-right-ventricular-systolic-function-in-dogs-with-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease
#1
E H Chapel, B A Scansen, K E Schober, J D Bonagura
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction independently predicts outcomes in human myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). There is limited information regarding RV systolic function in dogs with MMVD. HYPOTHESIS: Right ventricular systolic function differs among stages of disease, decreasing in decompensated MMVD. ANIMALS: Thirty-sixclient-owned dogs with MMVD not receiving oral cardiovascular medications. METHODS: Prospective clinical study...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224219/measuring-school-functioning-in-students-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#2
Michelle Tollit, Jennifer Politis, Sarah Knight
BACKGROUND: It is often surmised that school functioning is significantly impacted in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); however, how this phenomenon manifests itself has rarely been characterized. METHODS: This systematic review synthesized and critically appraised methods, constructs, and instruments used to assess school functioning in students with CFS. Searches were conducted in electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, ERIC, and PsycINFO) to locate empirical studies that measured school functioning in children and adolescents with CFS...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224117/heated-communities-large-inter-and-intraspecific-variation-in-heat-tolerance-across-trophic-levels-of-a-soil-arthropod-community
#3
Oscar Franken, Milou Huizinga, Jacintha Ellers, Matty P Berg
Temperature extremes are predicted to increase in frequency, intensity and duration under global warming and are believed to significantly affect community composition and functioning. However, the effect of extreme climatic events on communities remains difficult to predict, especially because species can show dissimilar responses to abiotic changes, which may affect the outcome of species interactions. To anticipate community responses we need knowledge on within and among species variation in stress tolerance...
December 9, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224059/lower-complication-rate-and-faster-return-to-sports-in-patients-with-acute-syndesmotic-rupture-treated-with-a-new-knotless-suture-button-device
#4
Christian Colcuc, Marc Blank, Thomas Stein, Florian Raimann, Sanjay Weber-Spickschen, Sebastian Fischer, Reinhard Hoffmann
PURPOSE: Suture button devices for tibiofibular syndesmosis injuries provide semirigid dynamic stabilization, but complications including knot irritation have been reported. No randomized trials of the new knotless suture button devices have been performed. We hypothesized that knotless suture button devices eliminate knot irritation and facilitate quicker return to sports. This study was performed to compare the clinical outcomes, complication rates, and time to return to sports between a new knotless suture button device and syndesmotic screw fixation...
December 9, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223859/outcome-of-pediatric-renal-transplantation-in-urological-versus-non-urological-causes-of-end-stage-renal-disease-does-it-matter
#5
Ahmed Aly Hussein, Ahmed Ismail Shoukry, Fatina Fadel, Hani Abdel-Raouf Morsi, Hussein Aly Hussein, Mostafa Sheba, Nada El-Khateeb, Waseem Abou-El Ela, Mohamed El-Sheemy, Kareem Daw, Ahmed Shouman, Amr Lotfy, Hisham Badawy, Mohamed Eissa
INTRODUCTION: Causes for end stage renal disease (ESRD) in children can be categorized into urological causes or non-urological causes. We sought to compare the outcomes of urological and non-urological causes of ESRD in children. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: urological causes of ESRD versus non-urological causes of ESRD. All patients and donors had at least 6 months of follow-up. The main outcomes included the effect on complications and renal function...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223748/is-tricuspid-annuloplasty-increasing-surgical-mortality-and-morbidity-during-mitral-valve-replacement-a-single-centre-experience
#6
Constance Verdonk, Arthur Darmon, Claire Cimadevilla, Laurent Lepage, Richard Raffoul, Patrick Nataf, Alec Vahanian, David Messika-Zeitoun
BACKGROUND: Performance of tricuspid annuloplasty (TA) in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery is recommended based on the degree of tricuspid regurgitation and tricuspid annulus size, but is often underused. AIM: To evaluate the impact of combined TA on in-hospital outcome in patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR). METHODS: We selected all consecutive patients who underwent MVR for native valve disease. Clinical, echocardiographic and in-hospital complications were obtained from chart review...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223724/vasoplegia-after-cardiovascular-procedures-pathophysiology-and-targeted-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Shahzad Shaefi, Aaron Mittel, John Klick, Adam Evans, Natalia S Ivascu, Jacob Gutsche, John G T Augoustides
Vasoplegic syndrome, characterized by low systemic vascular resistance and hypotension in the presence of normal or supranormal cardiac function, is a frequent complication of cardiovascular surgery. It is associated with a diffuse systemic inflammatory response and is mediated largely through cellular hyperpolarization, high levels of inducible nitric oxide, and a relative vasopressin deficiency. Cardiopulmonary bypass is a particularly strong precipitant of the vasoplegic syndrome, largely due to its association with nitric oxide production and severe vasopressin deficiency...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223659/complications-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-condylar-fractures-surgical-versus-conservative-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Iván García-Guerrero, Juan M Ramírez, Rafael Gómez de Diego, José M Martínez-González, María S Poblador, José L Lancho
OBJECTIVES: In the present article, we aim to review the main intra- and post-operative complications associated with two different therapeutic approaches for treating mandibular condylar fractures: conservative (CTR) and surgical treatment (ORIF, Open Reduction and Internal Fixation). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have carried out a retrospective, meta-analytic, observational study using literature review, covering the period between 2000- September 2017. The data obtained were processed using statistical software SPSS v...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223636/revisiting-lip-shave-a-solution-for-disorders-of-the-vermilion-border
#9
A Sayan, S Wijesinghe, S Paraneetharan, V Ilankovan
Actinic keratosis, leukoplakia, carcinoma in situ, and superficially invasive carcinomas of the lower lip are caused mainly by the cumulative effects of exposure of the vermilion of the lower lip to ultraviolet radiation. Current treatments all have limitations: cryosurgery or electrosurgery is suitable to treat only focal lesions; topical chemotherapy, which is an option for diffuse actinic damage, yields unreliable results; and laser treatment fails to rejuvenate the vermilion. However, "lip shave", which involves full-thickness excision of the damaged vermilion and reconstruction with an advancement labial mucosal flap, will produce a fresh mucosal lining to the vermilion border...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223628/five-and-10-year-follow-up-of-nonvascularized-toe-phalanx-transfers
#10
Hidehiko Kawabata, Daisuke Tamura
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes of nonvascularized toe phalanx transfer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 54 nonvascularized toe phalanx transfers in 29 children with symbrachydactyly. Forty-seven transfers in 24 children were evaluated at 5-year follow-up and 27 transfers in 14 children were evaluated at 10-year follow-up. We recorded the incidence of the early physeal closure and the length of the transferred toe phalanx on plain radiographs at 5- and 10-year follow-up...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223620/impact-of-obesity-on-modality-longevity-residual-kidney-function-peritonitis-and-survival-among-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#11
Yoshitsugu Obi, Elani Streja, Rajnish Mehrotra, Matthew B Rivara, Connie M Rhee, Melissa Soohoo, Daniel L Gillen, Wei-Ling Lau, Csaba P Kovesdy, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe obesity, often considered a contraindication to peritoneal dialysis (PD), has increased over time. However, mortality has decreased more rapidly in the PD population than the hemodialysis (HD) population in the United States. The association between obesity and clinical outcomes among patients with end-stage kidney disease remains unclear in the current era. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 15,573 incident PD patients from a large US dialysis organization (2007-2011)...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223603/factors-predicting-quality-of-life-and-societal-participation-after-survival-of-a-cardiac-arrest-a-prognostic-longitudinal-cohort-study
#12
Daan Verberne, Veronique Moulaert, Jeanine Verbunt, Caroline van Heugten
AIM: For those patients who suffer unfavourable outcome after survival of cardiac arrest, it is important to know whether this can be predicted at an early stage. Support can subsequently be provided. This study aimed to identify early prognostic factors of quality of life (QOL) and societal participation at one year post-cardiac arrest. METHODS: The design was a prospective longitudinal cohort study following cardiac arrest survivors up to one year. Prognostic personal, injury-related, function-related and subjective outcome factors were selected and entered into a hierarchical regression model to assess whether they were predictive of QOL and societal participation at one year post-cardiac arrest...
December 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223601/early-coronary-angiography-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-are-associated-with-improved-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#13
Jacob C Jentzer, Michael Scutella, Francis Pike, James Fitzgibbon, Nicholas M Krehel, Lindsay Kowalski, Clifton W Callaway, Jon C Rittenberger, Joshua C Reynolds, Gregory W Barsness, Cameron Dezfulian
AIM: Early coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are associated with better outcomes in subjects resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We sought to determine the relative contributions of early CAG and PCI to outcomes and adverse events after OHCA. METHODS: We analyzed 599 OHCA subjects from a prospective two-center registry. Hospital survival, functional outcomes and adverse events were compared between subjects undergoing early CAG (within 24hours) with or without PCI and subjects not undergoing early CAG...
December 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223546/sigmoidocolocystoplasty-for-neurogenic-bladder-reviewed-after-20-years
#14
Yutaka Hayashi, Emi Nishimura, Satoko Shimizu, Go Miyano, Manabu Okawada, Itsuro Nagae, Geoffrey J Lane, Kenji Katsumata, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Akihiko Tsuchida
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We report the current status of patients who underwent augmentation cystoplasty (AC) at least 20years previously. METHODS: Surgical history, incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and bladder stones, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), urine cytology, renal function, a colon cancer tumor marker (carcinoembryonic antigen: CEA), and patient outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Forty patients who underwent AC (mean age: 34.4years; mean follow-up time: 24...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223545/the-bowel-function-and-quality-of-life-of-hirschsprung-disease-patients-who-have-reached-18-years-of-age-or-older-the-long-term-outcomes-after-undergoing-the-transabdominal-soave-procedure
#15
Shun Onishi, Kazuhiko Nakame, Tatsuru Kaji, Masato Kawano, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Keisuke Yano, Mioko Nomura, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Ryuta Masuya, Takafumi Kawano, Seiro Machigashira, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Hirschsprung disease (HD) is considered curable, but the postoperative bowel function is not always satisfactory. In this study, we evaluated the general condition, bowel function, and social performance in adults who were older than 17years of age who had undergone definitive operations in childhood. METHOD: From 1984 to 2016, 110 patients with HD underwent definitive surgery at our institute. Sixty-three patients who had undergone the transabdominal Soave procedure reached 18years of age...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223526/spontaneous-spinal-arthordesis-in-stand-alone-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-fixation-without-in-situ-fusion-in-patients-with-lumbar-segmental-instability-long-term-clinical-radiologic-and-functional-outcome
#16
Roberto Gazzeri, Kostantinos Panagiotopoulos, Santino Princiotto, Umberto Agrillo
BACKGROUND: No study to date has established how commonly spontaneous fusion occurs after stand-alone percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in adult population. OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective single center study, the authors investigated the effectiveness, long-term solidity and safety of stand-alone percutaneous pedicle screw fixation without in situ fusion and the influence of presence or absence of fusion on the clinical outcome of patients with low-grade lumbar segmental instability...
December 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223469/oncological-and-functional-outcomes-of-elderly-men-treated-with-hifu-vs-minimally-invasive-radical-prostatectomy-a-propensity-score-analysis
#17
Paolo Capogrosso, Eric Barret, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Igor Nunes-Silva, François Rozet, Marc Galiano, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Alberto Briganti, Andrea Salonia, Francesco Montorsi, Xavier Cathelineau
AIM: To assess outcomes of whole gland high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as compared with minimally-invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) in elderly patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: Patients aged ≥70 years with, cT1-cT2 disease, biopsy Gleason score (GS) 3 + 3 or 3 + 4 and preoperative PSA ≤10 ng/mL were submitted to either whole-gland HIFU or MIRP. Propensity-score matching analysis was performed to ensure the baseline equivalence of groups. Follow-up visits were routinely performed assessing PSA and urinary function according to the International Continence Score (ICS) and the International Prostatic Symptoms Score (IPSS) questionnaires...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223430/rational-and-design-of-a-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-trial-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-tolerability-of-furosemide-withdrawal-in-stable-chronic-outpatients-with-heart-failure-the-rebic-1-trial
#18
Priscila Raupp da Rosa, Luis E Rohde, Madeni Doebber, Antonio L P Ribeiro, Deborah P Prado, Eduardo G Bertoldi, Jose A Figueiredo Neto, Ilmar Kohler, Luis Beck-da-Silva, Luiz C Danzmann, Lidia Zytynski Moura, Marciane Rover, Marcus V Simões, Roberto T Sant'Anna, Andréia Biolo
AIMS: Furosemide is commonly prescribed for symptom relief in heart failure (HF) patients. Although few data support the continuous use of loop diuretics in apparently euvolemic HF patients with mild symptoms, there is concern about safety of diuretic withdrawal in these patients. The ReBIC-1 trial was designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of withdrawing furosemide in stable, euvolemic, chronic HF outpatients. This multicenter initiative is part of the Brazilian Research Network in Heart Failure (ReBIC) created to develop clinical studies in HF and composed predominantly by university tertiary care hospitals...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223424/outcome-after-lung-volume-reduction-surgery-in-patients-with-severely-impaired-diffusion-capacity
#19
Claudio Caviezel, Nadja Schaffter, Didier Schneiter, Daniel Franzen, Ilhan Inci, Isabelle Opitz, Walter Weder
BACKGROUND: Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been proven to be a successful procedure and can be performed with low mortality when defined selection criteria are met. We hypothesized good outcome and low mortality after LVRS for selected patients with severe hyperinflation and nonhomogeneous morphology even when diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (Dlco) is less than 20%. METHODS: The study included all patients scheduled for LVRS between March 2005 and May 2014 with a preoperative Dlco of less than 20%...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223366/therapeutic-efficacy-and-safety-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-for-liver-cirrhosis-in-chinese-population-a-meta-analysis
#20
Weiwei Sang, Benji Lv, Ke Li, Yan Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells transfusion has been considered as a promising option for liver cirrhosis (LC). The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UMSC) combined with traditional supportive therapy (TST) for the treatment of patients with LC. METHODS: Data was extracted from clinical trials published on Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wanfang and CNKI database...
December 6, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
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