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Medical school selection

Juan Yang, Katherine E Atkins, Luzhao Feng, Mingfan Pang, Yaming Zheng, Xinxin Liu, Benjamin J Cowling, Hongjie Yu
BACKGROUND: To explore the current landscape of seasonal influenza vaccination across China, and estimate the budget of implementing a national "free-at-the-point-of-care" vaccination program for priority populations recommended by the World Health Organization. METHODS: In 2014 and 2016, we conducted a survey across provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to collect information on regional reimbursement policies for influenza vaccination, estimated the national uptake using distributed doses of influenza vaccines, and evaluated the budget using population size and vaccine cost obtained from official websites and literatures...
October 13, 2016: Vaccine
Bahareh Bahman Bijari, Morteza Zare, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Azam Bazrafshan, Amin Beigzadeh, Maryam Esmaili
Objectives: To determine which professional and humanistic attributes demonstrated by teachers in the health disciplines caused them to be perceived by students as positive or negative role models. Methods: Quantitative empirical data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire by graduating students in medical, dentistry, and pharmacy schools at Kerman University of Medical Sciences. A total of 3 graduating cohorts, comprising about 220 students, were selected for this study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This is the 35th national study conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) that reports retrospectively the percentage of graduates from MD-granting and DO-granting medical schools who entered Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited family medicine residency programs as first-year residents. Approximately 8.7% of the 18,929 students graduating from US MD-granting medical schools and 15.5% of the 5,314 students graduating from DO-granting medical schools between July 2014 and June 2015 entered an ACGME family medicine residency in 2015...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Nawel Zammit, Jihene Maatoug, Rim Ghammam, Kebaili Raoudha, Boughammoura Lamia, Al'Absi Mustafa, Lando Harry, Hassen Ghannem
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of a healthy lifestyle at an early age is described as a successful intervention to prevent non communicable diseases. However, successful programs are not necessarily sustainable. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a 1-year sustainability of a 3-year comprehensive intervention conducted to promote a healthy lifestyle among schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study of 204 schoolchildren enrolled in middle schools was conducted after a quasi-experimental study in the region of Sousse, Tunisia...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
X P Luo, Y Yuan, Y J Shi, D D Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinic performance of high strength glass ceramic crowns for the painful cracked teeth during a 10-year observation period. Methods: Forty-two posterior teeth from 36 patients were diagnosed as having a crack, biting painful and sensitivity to cold were selected in the Department of Prosthodontic, Institute and Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing University Medical School. The lost-wax hot pressed glass ceramic crowns were bonded on the minimally invasive prepared teeth by modern adhesive technology...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Tom M Wilkinson, Tim J Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Most research into the validity of admissions tools focuses on the isolated correlations of individual tools with later outcomes. Instead, looking at how domains of attributes, rather than tools, predict later success is likely to be more generalizable. We aim to produce a blueprint for an admissions scheme that is broadly relevant across institutions. METHODS: We broke down all measures used for admissions at one medical school into the smallest possible component scores...
October 3, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Susan dosReis, Wendy Camelo Castillo, Melissa Ross, Marcy Fitz-Randolph, Angela Vaughn-Lee, Beverly Butler
OBJECTIVES: To develop a methodological approach for selecting, validating, and prioritizing attributes for health care decision making. METHODS: Participants (n = 48) were recruited from community support groups if they had a child aged 26 years or younger diagnosed with a coexisting mental health condition and cognitive impairment. Six in-depth interviews eliciting care management experiences were transcribed and coded into themes following the principles of grounded theory and the constant comparative method...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Francesco Ravasini, Matteo Fornari, Mauro Bonanini
BACKGROUND: The use of photogrammetry may be a new method to quantify the amount of artificial dental material removed from the surface of each teeth during the grind procedure (SG). SG is necessary in each denture to reach a correct occlusion. It consists in a refine action on the prosthesis teeth's surface using milling machine tools, aimed to remove the interferences (pre-contacts) between upper and lower teeth during chewing. This measure is achieved after a comparison between pre and post-grinding 3D models...
December 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
Denise E Doomernik, Harry van Goor, Jan G M Kooloos, Richard P Ten Broek
The Radboud University Medical Center has a problem-based, learner-oriented, horizontally, and vertically integrated medical curriculum. Anatomists and clinicians have noticed students' decreasing anatomical knowledge and the disability to apply knowledge in diagnostic reasoning and problem solving. In a longitudinal cohort, the retention of anatomical knowledge gained during the first year of medical school among second-year medical students was assessed. In May 2011, 346 medical students applied for the second-year gastro-intestinal (GI) tract course...
October 5, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Solomon Hailemeskel, Asrate Demissie, Nigussie Assefa
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common gynecologic compliant among adolescent females. There is a wide variation in the estimate of PD, which ranges from 50% to 90%, and the disorder is the most common cause of work and school absenteeism in adolescent females. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of PD among female university students and understand its effects on students' academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was employed in 440 research participants...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
M Chaneliere, F Jacquet, P Occelli, S Touzet, V Siranyan, C Colin
BACKGROUND: The assessment of patient safety culture refers mainly to surveys exploring the perceptions of health professionals in hospitals. These surveys have less relevance when considering the assessment of the patient safety culture of medical students, especially at university or medical school. They are indeed not fully integrated in care units and constitute a heterogeneous population. This work aimed to find appropriate assessment tools of the patient safety culture of medical students...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Shayna Sarosiek, Denis Rybin, Janice Weinberg, Peter A Burke, George Kasotakis, J Mark Sloan
Importance: Trauma patients admitted to the hospital are at increased risk of bleeding and thrombosis. The use of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in this population has been increasing, despite a lack of high-quality evidence to demonstrate their efficacy. Objective: To determine if IVC filter insertion in trauma patients affects overall mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study used stratified 3:1 propensity matching to select a control population similar to patients who underwent IVC filter insertion at Boston Medical Center (a level I trauma center at Boston University School of Medicine) between August 1, 2003, and December 31, 2012...
September 28, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Zaza Lyons
OBJECTIVE: There has been a growing interest in psychiatry enrichment programmes such as summer schools and institutes for medical students in the last 10 years. Evaluation of enrichment programmes shows that they can be an effective method of increasing students' interest in psychiatry as a career. However, despite initial enthusiasm and motivation within an academic department, establishing a programme can be a daunting task. The aim of this paper is to provide a background of how to establish and implement a psychiatry summer school or institute...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Jeongeun Jo
After the defeat of the Opium War and the Sino-Japanese War, China's intellectuals realized necessity of modernization (Westernization) to survive in the imperial order of the survival of the fittest. In particular, it was urgent to accept Western medicine and train the doctors who learned Western medicine to change the sick and weary Chinese to be robust. Thus, new occupations of the Western Medicine Group (xiyi, doctors who learned Western medicine) emerged in China. As with the first profession, the new Western Medicine Group tried to define standards of Western medicine and medical profession; however, it was difficult in the absence of the strong central government...
August 2016: Ŭi Sahak
Mayuko Kawabe, Izumi Yamamoto, Yo Komatsuzaki, Takafumi Yamakawa, Haruki Katsumata, Ai Katsuma, Aki Mafune, Yasuyuki Nakada, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Yudo Tanno, Ichiro Ohkido, Nobuo Tsuboi, Keitaro Yokoyama, Shigeru Horita, Masayoshi Okumi, Hideki Ishida, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Takashi Yokoo, Kazunari Tanabe
BACKGROUND: IgA vasculitis, a rare condition resulting in end-stage renal disease, is a small-vessel vasculitis that affects the kidney in 49-83 % of adults. The reported recurrence rate of IgA vasculitis in renal transplant recipients is 11.5-60 %, leading to graft loss in 0-50 % of these patients. However, limited data are available on recurrence and graft loss after renal transplantation. METHODS: We evaluated renal transplant recipients seen from 1987 to 2015 at the Jikei University School of Medicine and the Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University...
September 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
A E Rand, N J DeNunzio, A Agarwal, A E Hirsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Stephen A Rosenberg, David M Francis, Craig R Hullet, Zachary S Morris, Jeffrey V Brower, Bethany M Anderson, Kristin A Bradley, Michael F Bassetti, Randall J Kimple
PURPOSE: Nearly two-thirds of cancer patients seek information about their diagnosis online. We assessed the readability of online patient education materials found on academic radiation oncology department Web sites to determine whether they adhered to guidelines suggesting that information be presented at a sixth-grade reading level. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The Association of American Medical Colleges Web site was used to identify all academic radiation oncology departments in the United States...
August 1, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the advising practices at medical schools and interview patterns among medical students pursuing obstetrics and gynecology residency training. METHODS: A voluntary, anonymous survey was distributed to all applicants interviewing for obstetrics and gynecology residency during the 2014-2015 cycle at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California, San Francisco, and Loyola University. Demographic data were obtained...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
John Quinn, Vít Lidinský, Venu Rajaratnam, Marta Kruszcynski, Tomas Zeleny, Vladimir Bencko
BACKGROUND: Some university curricula struggle to present evidence-based promotion of global health principles and global health diplomacy within an undergraduate setting. The de facto global health paradigm has experienced significant stress and pressure from epidemics, war and violence, climate change and resource challenges. These stressors may lead to increased morbidity and mortality, in turn requiring medical professionals to play a larger role in global health action across borders...
2016: Globalization and Health
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