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Medical school selection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909033/ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-knee-pain-among-adults-of-a-community-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yook Chin Chia, Hooi Chin Beh, Chirk Jenn Ng, Cheong Lieng Teng, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Wan Yuen Choo, Siew Mooi Ching
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of knee pain among 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia. By identifying high-risk groups, preventive measures can be targeted at these populations. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in rural and urban areas in a state in Malaysia. Secondary schools were randomly selected and used as sampling units. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged ≥18 years old were invited to answer a self-administered questionnaire on pain experienced over the previous 6 months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903563/leveraging-ongoing-research-to-evaluate-the-health-impacts-of-south-africa-s-salt-reduction-strategy-a-prospective-nested-cohort-within-the-who-sage-multicountry-longitudinal-study
#2
Karen Charlton, Lisa J Ware, Elias Menyanu, Richard Berko Biritwum, Nirmala Naidoo, Chiné Pieterse, Savathree Lorna Madurai, Jeannine Baumgartner, George A Asare, Elizabeth Thiele, Aletta E Schutte, Paul Kowal
INTRODUCTION: Attempting to curb the rising epidemic of hypertension, South Africa implemented legislation in June 2016 mandating maximum sodium levels in a range of manufactured foods that contribute significantly to population salt intake. This natural experiment, comparing two African countries with and without salt legislation, will provide timely information on the impact of legislative approaches addressing the food supply to improve blood pressure in African populations. This article outlines the design of this ongoing prospective nested cohort study...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899071/having-a-usual-source-of-care-and-its-associated-factors-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-2012-korea-health-panel-survey
#3
Ah Reum An, Kyoungwoo Kim, Jae-Ho Lee, Nak-Jin Sung, Sang-Il Lee, Min Kyung Hyun
BACKGROUND: Usual source of care (USC) is one of the hallmarks of primary care. We aimed to examine the status of having a USC and its patient-related sociodemographic factors among Korean adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 Korea Health Panel survey. Panel participants were selected for the study who were aged 18 years or older and who replied to questionnaire items on having a USC (n = 11,935). RESULTS: Of the participants, 21...
November 29, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884969/ethics-knowledge-of-recent-paediatric-residency-graduates-the-role-of-residency-ethics-curricula
#4
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Julie Najita, Debra Morley, Elizabeth Bair, Steven Joffe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between recently trained paediatricians' ethics knowledge and exposure to a formal ethics or professionalism curriculum during residency. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of recently trained paediatricians which included a validated 23-item instrument called the Test of Residents' Ethics Knowledge for Pediatrics. The sample included paediatricians who completed medical school in 2006-2008, whose primary specialty was paediatrics or a paediatric subspecialty, and who completed paediatric residency training in 2010-2011...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873137/casper-an-online-pre-interview-screen-for-personal-professional-characteristics-prediction-of-national-licensure-scores
#5
Kelly L Dore, Harold I Reiter, Sharyn Kreuger, Geoffrey R Norman
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in Med Educ Online 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 288(23): 3019-3026, 2002; Tamblyn et al. in JAMA 298(9):993-1001, 2007). Assessment of personal and professional characteristics, with the same psychometric rigour of measures of cognitive abilities, are needed upstream in the selection to health profession training programs...
November 21, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#6
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860526/medication-identification-in-pediatric-asthma-med-id-the-reliability-and-validity-of-a-novel-screening-tool
#7
Sean M Frey, I Diana Fernandez, Deborah J Ossip, Jill S Halterman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability and validity of MED ID, a novel survey assessing caregiver-perceived ability to identify inhaled asthma medications. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from the School-Based Asthma Care for Teens (SB-ACT) trial in Rochester, NY. Caregivers of adolescents with persistent asthma named the inhaled medications used by their child, and identified medications on a pictorial chart. Accurate identification was defined as completed matches between listed names and selected images...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855643/evaluation-of-a-pharmacogenetic-based-warfarin-dosing-algorithm-in-patients-with-low-time-in-therapeutic-range-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Leiliane Rodrigues Marcatto, Luciana Sacilotto, Carolina Tosin Bueno, Mirella Facin, Celia Maria Cassaro Strunz, Francisco Carlos Costa Darrieux, Maurício Ibrahim Scanavacca, Jose Eduardo Krieger, Alexandre Costa Pereira, Paulo Caleb Junior Lima Santos
BACKGROUND: Time in therapeutic range (TTR) is a measurement of quality of warfarin therapy and lower TTR values (<50%) are associated with greater risk of thromboembolic and bleeding events. Recently, we developed a pharmacogenetic-based warfarin dosing algorithm specifically calibrated for a Brazilian patient sample. The aims of this study are: to evaluate the impact of a genetic-based algorithm, compared to traditional anticoagulation, in the time to achieve the therapeutic target and in TTR percentage; and to assess the cost-effectiveness of genotype-guided warfarin dosing in a specific cohort of patients with low TTR (<50%) from a tertiary cardiovascular hospital...
November 17, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855088/does-the-ukcat-predict-performance-on-exit-from-medical-school-a-national-cohort-study
#9
R K MacKenzie, J A Cleland, D Ayansina, S Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Most UK medical programmes use aptitude tests during student selection, but large-scale studies of predictive validity are rare. This study assesses the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk), and 4 of its subscales, along with individual and contextual socioeconomic background factors, as predictors of performance during, and on exit from, medical school. METHODS: This was an observational study of 6294 medical students from 30 UK medical programmes who took the UKCAT from 2006 to 2008, for whom selection data from the UK Foundation Programme (UKFPO), the next stage of UK medical education training, were available in 2013...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854470/effect-of-medical-student-preference-on-rural-clinical-school-experience-and-rural-career-intentions
#10
Lucie Walters, Alexa Seal, Joe McGirr, Ruth Stewart, Dawn DeWitt, Denese Playford
INTRODUCTON: The key parameter for rural clinical schools (RCSs) is to provide at least 1 year of clinical training in rural areas for 25% of Australian Commonwealth supported medical students with the intent to influence future rural medical workforce outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe the association between a medical student's selection preference and their RCS experience and rural career intent. METHODS: Medical students completing an RCS placement in 2012 and 2013 were encouraged to complete a survey regarding their experience and future career intent...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852293/a-simulation-based-curriculum-to-introduce-key-teamwork-principles-to-entering-medical-students
#11
Arna Banerjee, Jason M Slagle, Nathaniel D Mercaldo, Ray Booker, Anne Miller, Daniel J France, Lisa Rawn, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Failures of teamwork and interpersonal communication have been cited as a major patient safety issue. Although healthcare is increasingly being provided in interdisciplinary teams, medical school curricula have traditionally not explicitly included the specific knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors required to function effectively as part of such teams. METHODS: As part of a new "Foundations" core course for beginning medical students that provided a two-week introduction to the most important themes in modern healthcare, a multidisciplinary team, in collaboration with the Center for Experiential Learning and Assessment, was asked to create an experiential introduction to teamwork and interpersonal communication...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844179/-it-s-making-contacts-notions-of-social-capital-and-implications-for-widening-access-to-medical-education
#12
S Nicholson, J A Cleland
In the UK widening access (WA) activities and policies aim to increase the representation from lower socio-economic groups into Higher Education. Whilst linked to a political rhetoric of inclusive education such initiatives have however failed to significantly increase the number of such students entering medicine. This is compounded by a discourse that portrays WA applicants and students as lacking the essential skills or attributes to be successful in medical education. Much of the research in this area to date has been weak and it is critical to better understand how WA applicants and students negotiate medical admissions and education to inform change...
November 14, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842590/the-prevalence-and-cost-of-medical-student-visiting-rotations
#13
Matthew Winterton, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Performance on visiting rotations during the senior year of medical school is consistently cited by residency program directors as a critical factor in selecting residents. Nevertheless, the frequency with which visiting rotations are undertaken and the associated financial costs they impose have not been systematically examined. METHOD: Under the auspices of the Electronic Residency Application Service, a survey was sent in March 2015 to all U.S. applicants for residency programs in the 2014-15 academic year...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836444/-factors-associated-with-dental-care-use-among-a-population-of-moroccan-adolescents
#14
S Chala, K Silorh, R Abouqal, F Abdallaoui
INTRODUCTION: Untreated dental caries are a major public health concern because of the impact on quality of life and of the high cost of dental care. Our aim was to identify factors related to dental care use among a population of urban Moroccan adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving adolescents in an urban area was conducted. Adolescents were recruited in high schools selected by a cluster sampling method. The studied variables were recorded through a questionnaire and oral examinations...
November 8, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822133/ten-steps-to-plan-design-and-implement-an-endocrinology-and-endocrine-surgery-module-for-the-faculty-of-medicine-al-baha-university
#15
Walyeldin Em Elfakey, Ahmed H Al-Ghamdi
INTRODUCTION: The Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha University (FMBU), is a newly established medical school that implements a community-oriented and integrated system-based curriculum which is suitable for both medical students and serving the needs of the local community. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the steps that were followed to plan, design, and implement an endocrinology and endocrine surgery module (EESM) for the fourth-year medical students, as an example of how system-based modules are designed at FMBU...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821170/your-professionalism-is-not-my-professionalism-congruence-and-variance-in-the-views-of-medical-students-and-faculty-about-professionalism
#16
Kamran Sattar, Sue Roff, Sultan Ayoub Meo
BACKGROUND: Medical professionalism is an essential aspect of medical education and practice worldwide and it must be adopted according to different social and cultural contexts. We examined the current congruence and variance in the perception of professionalism in undergraduate medical students and faculty members in one medical school in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The target population was first year to final year medical students of College of Medicine, King Saud University...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817087/the-construct-validity-of-hpat-ireland-for-the-selection-of-medical-students-unresolved-issues-and-future-research-implications
#17
Maureen E Kelly, Siun O'Flynn
Aptitude tests are widely used in selection. However, despite certain advantages their use remains controversial. This paper aims to critically appraise five sources of evidence for the construct validity of the Health Professions Admission Test (HPAT)-Ireland, an aptitude test used for selecting undergraduate medical students. The objectives are to identify gaps in the evidence, draw comparisons with other aptitude tests and outline future research directions. Our appraisal of the literature found that stakeholder feedback indicates that there is reasonable evidence for test content validity for two of the three sections of HPAT-Ireland...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812819/the-relationship-between-extracurricular-activities-assessed-during-selection-and-during-medical-school-and-performance
#18
Louise C Urlings-Strop, Axel P N Themmen, Karen M Stegers-Jager
Several medical schools include candidates' extracurricular activities in their selection procedure, with promising results regarding their predictive value for achievement during the clinical years of medical school. This study aims to reveal whether the better achievement in clinical training of students selected on the basis of their extracurricular activities could be explained by persistent participation in extracurricular activities during medical school (msECAs). Lottery-admitted and selected student admission groups were compared on their participation in three types of msECAs: (1) research master, (2) important board positions or (3) additional degree programme...
November 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807333/-status-of-two-week-illness-for-primary-and-secondary-students-in-middle-and-west-provinces
#19
Lianguo Fu, Lili Sun, Zhenghe Wang, Xiaorui Shang, Xiangkun Meng, Xiaohui Li, Jun Ma
To explore the status of two-week illness in primary and secondary students and to provide the basis for rationally distributing heath resources in primary and secondary schools.
 Methods: Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 6 744 primary and secondary students aged from 9.0-16.9 years, and the name or symptoms of two-week illness, frequencies, medical expenses and days of sick leave were surveyed by using the self-made questionnaires.
 Results: Respiratory system disease (73.6%) and digestive system diseases (13...
October 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806782/-modified-minimally-invasive-video-assisted-lateral-neck-dissection-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-series-of-130-cases
#20
D G Zhang, L Gao, L Xie, G F He, L Fang, J Chen, Y W Miao, Z Z Wang
Objective: To discuss the feasibility, safety and oncologic completeness of modified minimally invasive video-assisted lateral neck dissection (MIVALND) for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: Data of 130 patients from Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Medical School, Zhejiang University undergoing MIVALND from January 2013 to September 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 31 male and 99 female patients with the mean age of (39±11) years. The thyroidectomy and central compartment dissection were performed under a direct visual field or video-assisted (VA) approach, lateral neck dissection was performed via the VA approach...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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