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Medical school selection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078809/three-year-analysis-of-repeated-laboratory-tests-for-the-markers-total-cholesterol-ferritin-vitamin-d-vitamin-b12-and-folate-in-a-large-research-and-teaching-hospital-in-italy
#1
Monica Lanzoni, Marco Fornili, Irene Felicetta, Rita Maiavacca, Elia Biganzoli, Silvana Castaldi
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing number of diagnostic tests requests all over the world is a problem that can partially be explained by inappropriate testing. Impact on the total costs of health systems becomes relevant when tests are performed in a large amount. In this paper, retesting of total cholesterol, ferritin, vitamin B12 , vitamin D, and folate is assessed. METHODS: The Quality Unit of Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico di Milano (Fondazione) decided to perform a first assessment of the appropriate use of the laboratory tests cholesterol, ferritin, vitamin B12 , vitamin D, and folate focusing on the retesting interval for the same patient in the time period January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2014, in every care setting...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#2
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074991/-factors-affecting-the-educational-environment-in-undergraduate-medical-schools
#3
Guisela Olave P, Cristhian Pérez V, Eduardo Fasce H, Liliana Ortiz M, Nancy Bastías V, Carolina Márquez U, Paula Parra P, Pilar Ibáñez G
BACKGROUND: Educational environment has an important effect on the quality of learning and student satisfaction in medicine. Most of previous studies have been conducted using questionnaires that assess the phenomenon considering overall dimensions, without paying attention to the specific manifestations of this topic, especially those aspects that are related to the protagonists of the learning process: teachers and students. AIM: To describe factors that affect the educational environment in the preclinical Medical formation, according to Medical teachers in Concepción, Chile...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068649/can-an-early-selection-system-accelerate-the-maturity-of-candidates-of-both-genders-in-medical-school
#4
Jerome Rene Lechien, Chantal Kempenaers, Michele Dramaix, Paul Linkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#5
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056975/impact-of-medical-student-origins-on-the-likelihood-of-ultimately-practicing-in-areas-of-low-vs-high-socio-economic-status
#7
Ian B Puddey, Denese E Playford, Annette Mercer
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools are in general over-represented by students from high socio-economic status backgrounds. The University of Western Australia Medical School has been progressively widening the participation of students from a broader spectrum of the community both through expanded selection criteria and quota-based approaches for students of rural, indigenous and other socio-educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. We proposed that medical students entering medical school from such backgrounds would ultimately be more likely to practice in areas of increased socio-economic disadvantage...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055064/association-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-with-adolescent-firearm-homicide-at-individual-family-and-neighborhood-levels
#8
Bernadette C Hohl, Shari Wiley, Douglas J Wiebe, Alison J Culyba, Rebecca Drake, Charles C Branas
Importance: Homicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States and the leading cause of death for adolescents who are African American. Large cities have disproportionate homicide rates. Objective: To determine the relationships between exposures to drugs and alcohol at the individual, family, and neighborhood levels and adolescent firearm homicide and to inform new approaches to preventing firearm violence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based case-control study from January 2010 to December 2012 of all 13- to 20-year-olds who were homicide victims in Philadelphia during the study period matched to randomly selected 13- to 20-year-old controls from the general population...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054158/a-multi-site-study-on-medical-school-selection-performance-motivation-and-engagement
#9
A Wouters, G Croiset, N R Schripsema, J Cohen-Schotanus, G W G Spaai, R L Hulsman, R A Kusurkar
Medical schools seek ways to improve their admissions strategies, since the available methods prove to be suboptimal for selecting the best and most motivated students. In this multi-site cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the value of (different) selection procedures compared to a weighted lottery procedure, which includes direct admission based on top pre-university grade point averages (≥8 out of 10; top-pu-GPA). We also considered whether students had participated in selection, prior to being admitted through weighted lottery...
January 4, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050999/retaining-health-workforce-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-of-india-what-works-and-what-doesn-t-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Neetu Singla, Manoj Grover, Hans Maarse
BACKGROUND: Human resource for health is critical in quality healthcare delivery. India, with a large rural population (68.8%), needs to urgently bridge the gaps in health workforce deployment between urban and rural areas. METHODS: We did a critical interpretative synthesis of the existing literature by using a predefined selection criteria to assess relevant manuscripts to identify the reasons for retaining the health workforce in rural and underserved areas. We discuss different strategies for retention of health workforce in rural areas on the basis of four major retention interventions, viz...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048517/tu-h-brc-03-evaluation-of-very-high-energy-electron-vhee-beams-in-comparison-to-vmat-and-pbs-treatment-plans
#11
E Schueler, K Eriksson, E Hynning, B Loo, P Maxim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of very high-energy electron (VHEE) beams in comparison to clinically delivered treatment plans generated with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and proton pencil beam scanning (PBS) technology. METHODS: Three clinical cases were selected (prostate, lung, and pediatric CNS). The VHEE plans were calculated in the Monte Carlo EGSnrc code and pencil beam doses were calculated using the DOSxyznrc MC code for 100 and 200 MeV beams...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040296/behavioral-interviewing-integrating-acgme-competency-based-questions-into-the-radiology-resident-selection-process
#12
Tatum A McArthur, Jonathan A Flug, Nicole Restauri
The practice of radiology is continually evolving with external pressures increasing the involvement of the radiologist as an integrated member of the multidisciplinary care delivery team and not just image interpreters working in isolation. Radiologists need to be comfortable interacting directly with patients and practicing "patient and family-centered care" and "value-based medicine." Despite this evolving role of the radiologist, medical training and the residency selection process have not significantly adapted to accommodate these new demands...
November 10, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040097/hospital-based-multidisciplinary-youth-mentoring-and-medical-exposure-program-positively-influences-and-reinforces-health-care-career-choice-the-reach-one-each-one-program-early-experience
#13
Omar K Danner, Carl Lokko, Felicia Mobley, Montreka Dansby, Michael Maze, Brene' Bradley, Elizabeth Williams, Leslie Ray Matthews, Emma Harrington, Lisa Mack, Clarence Clark, Ken Wilson, Derrick Beech, Sheryl Heron, Ed Childs
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, underrepresented minorities (URMs) are more likely to leave science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields at higher rates than their peers during undergraduate studies. Many institutions of higher learning have implemented pipeline programs aimed at preparing and inspiring high school and college aged students in select careers in health sciences with varying levels of success. Research has shown that a health care workforce that mirrors the community they serve is more effective in reducing health disparities and increasing positive health outcomes...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039870/outcomes-of-treated-hypertension-at-age-80-and-older-cohort-analysis-of-79-376-individuals
#14
João Delgado, Jane A H Masoli, Kirsty Bowman, W David Strain, George A Kuchel, Kate Walters, Louise Lafortune, Carol Brayne, David Melzer, Alessandro Ble
OBJECTIVES: To estimate outcomes according to attained blood pressure (BP) in the oldest adults treated for hypertension in routine family practice. DESIGN: Cohort analysis of primary care inpatient and death certificate data for individuals with hypertension. SETTING: Primary care practices in England (Clinical Practice Research Datalink). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 80 and older taking antihypertensive medication and free of dementia, cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and end-stage renal failure at baseline...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035127/medical-use-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-medication-and-risk-behaviour-among-croatian-adolescents
#15
Marina Kuzman, Marija Posavec
BACKGROUND: At the drug scene some major shifts were observed, more and more reports highlighted the abuse of prescription medication. Despite the importance of controlled medication in treatment child and adolescent disorders, this increase may be a factor which influence misuse and nonmedical use of prescribed drugs among adolescents. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Croatian data from ESPAD survey in 2003, 2007 and 2011 were used, and variables selected from the international ESPAD questionnaire...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033737/evaluating-the-relationship-between-participation-in-student-run-free-clinics-and-changes-in-empathy-in-medical-students
#16
Anita Modi, Michele Fascelli, Zachary Daitch, Mohammadreza Hojat
PURPOSE: We explored differences in changes in medical student empathy in the third year of medical school between volunteers at JeffHOPE, a multisite medical student-run free clinic of Sidney Kimmel Medical College (SKMC), and nonvolunteers. METHOD: Volunteerism and leadership experience at JeffHOPE were documented for medical students in the Class of 2015 (n = 272) across their medical educations. Students completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy at the beginning of medical school and at the end of the third year...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032364/possibility-and-agency-in-figured-worlds-becoming-a-good-doctor
#17
Deirdre Bennett, Yvette Solomon, Colm Bergin, Mary Horgan, Tim Dornan
CONTEXT: Figured Worlds is a socio-cultural theory drawing on Vygotskian and Bakhtinian traditions, which has been applied in research into the development of identities of both learners and teachers in the wider education literature. It is now being adopted in medical education. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to show what Figured Worlds can offer in medical education. Having explained some of its central tenets, we apply it to an important tension in our field...
December 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031044/coping-with-stress-in-medical-students-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-a-mindfulness-based-stress-prevention-training-medimind-in-germany
#18
S M Kuhlmann, M Huss, A Bürger, F Hammerle
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of psychological distress in medical training and later professional life indicate a need for prevention. Different types of intervention were shown to have good effects, but little is known about the relative efficacy of different types of stress management interventions, and methodological limitations have been reported. In order to overcome some of these limitations, the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of a specifically developed mindfulness-based stress prevention training for medical students (MediMind) on measures of distress, coping and psychological morbidity...
December 28, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018538/taking-rater-exposure-to-trainees-into-account-when-explaining-rater-variability
#19
Christy K Boscardin, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate
BACKGROUND : Rater-based judgments are widely used in graduate medical education to provide more meaningful assessments, despite concerns about rater reliability. OBJECTIVE : We introduced a statistical modeling technique that corresponds to the new rater reliability framework, and present a case example to provide an illustration of the utility of this new approach to assessing rater reliability. METHODS : We used mixed-effects models to simultaneously incorporate random effects for raters and systematic effects of rater role as fixed effects...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004417/differences-in-attentional-functioning-between-preterm-and-full-term-children-underline-the-importance-of-new-neuropsychological-detection-techniques
#20
V Giordano, R Fuiko, U Leiss, S Brandstetter, M Hayde, E Bartha-Doering, K Klebermaß-Schrehof, L J Weiler
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate specific attentional components in preterm born children who had not yet started school. METHODS: Between January and December 2011, we assessed 52 preterm and 52 full-term children aged between five years five months and six years two months, of comparable age and gender, at the Medical University of Vienna. Different attentional components were evaluated through selected subtests of the Test of Attentional Performance and the German version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children...
December 22, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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