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Medical school selection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714497/admitting-deserving-medical-students-from-rural-and-disadvantaged-patan-academy-of-health-sciences-approach
#1
S K Upadhyay, S Bhandary, D B Bhandari, R K Dulal, K P Baral, R N Gongal, P K Acharya, S Shrestha, J N Shah, A Karki
BACKGROUND: Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS) aims to produce physicians who would be able and willing to serve in the rural areas. Recognizing the critical importance of student selection strategy, among others, in achieving the program goals, it has adopted an innovative scheme for selecting medical students. This paper describes PAHS medical student selection scheme that favors enrollment of deserving applicants from rural and disadvantaged groups so as to help improve distribution of physicians in rural Nepal...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705026/the-association-between-peer-and-self-assessments-and-professionalism-lapses-among-medical-students
#2
Leslie A Hoffman, Ronald L Shew, T Robert Vu, James J Brokaw, Richard M Frankel
Peer and self-assessments are widely used to assess professionalism during medical school as part of a multisource feedback model. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between peer and self-assessments and professionalism lapses at a large medical school. A retrospective case-control study design was used to compare peer and self-assessment scores from Years 1 to 3 of medical school for students who had been cited for professionalism lapses during medical school (case group; n = 78) with those of a randomly selected control group ( n = 230)...
June 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700051/pharmacotherapeutic-follow-up-of-patients-with-chagas-disease-using-benznidazole-drug-related-problems-and-pharmaceutical-interventions
#3
João Paulo Ramalho Correia, Alanna Carla da Costa, Eduardo Arrais Rocha, Ana Rosa Pinto Quidute, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Ângela Maria de Souza Ponciano, Marta Maria de França Fonteles, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Benznidazole (BNZ) is a drug available for the etiological treatment of Chagas disease. However, this drug is toxic and has a limited effectiveness on the chronic phase of this disease, often leading to poor treatment adherence. METHODS: This is a descriptive and exploratory study conducted at the Pharmaceutical Care Service for Chagas disease patients of the Federal University of Ceará. Drug-related problems (DRPs) and pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) were classified according to the Second Consensus of Granada...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694348/parental-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-on-fever-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ireland
#4
Maria Kelly, Laura J Sahm, Frances Shiely, Ronan O'Sullivan, Eefje G de Bont, Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Roisin Herlihy, Darren Dahly, Suzanne McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: Fever is a common symptom of mostly benign illness in young children, yet concerning for parents. The aim of this study was to describe parental knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding fever in children aged ≤5 years of age. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using a previously validated questionnaire. Results were analysed using descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression. SETTING: Purposively selected primary schools (n=8) in Cork, Ireland, using a paper-based questionnaire...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693570/an-analysis-of-free-choice-electives-in-an-undergraduate-medical-degree
#5
Catriona Daly, Jason Last
BACKGROUND: The University College Dublin Elective Programme was introduced in 2005 with the intention of broadening the learning of its undergraduate students. Undergraduate medical students undertake seven free-choice electives during their six-year degree programme. They are permitted to choose electives from any school in the University. Students also have the option of selecting 'In-Programme' electives, which are aligned to medical themes. The purpose of this study is to analyse the electives taken by medical students with a view to better understanding the factors that influence their choices...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692145/efficacy-and-safety-of-tiotropium-in-school-age-children-with-moderate-to-severe-symptomatic-asthma-a-systematic-review
#6
Gustavo J Rodrigo, Hugo Neffen
BACKGROUND: Recently published data support the benefits and safety of the once-daily (OD) long-acting anticholinergic tiotropium bromide bronchodilator for the treatment of uncontrolled moderate to severe asthma in adults and adolescents. However, its role for the treatment of school-age asthmatics has not yet been clearly defined. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy and safety of tiotropium Respimat(®) in children aged 6-11 years with moderate to severe symptomatic asthma...
July 10, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681649/first-experience-with-multiple-mini-interview-for-medical-school-admission-in-brazil-does-it-work-in-a-different-cultural-scenario
#7
Durval Anibal Daniel-Filho, Elda Maria Stafuzza Gonçalves Pires, Angela Tavares Paes, Eduardo Juan Troster, Simone Cristina Azevedo B S Silva, Mariana Fachini Granato, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Joyce Kelly Silva Barreto, Alexandre Holthausen Campos, Julio C Martins Monte, Claudio Schvartsman
PURPOSE: Evaluation of non-cognitive skills never has been used in Brazil. This study aims to evaluate Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) in the admission process of a School of Medicine in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The population of the study comprised 240 applicants summoned for the interviews, and 96 raters. MMI contributed to 25% of the applicants' final grade. Eight scenarios were created with the aim of evaluating different non-cognitive skills, each one had two raters...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666444/development-of-village-doctors-in-china-financial-compensation-and-health-system-support
#8
REVIEW
Dan Hu, Weiming Zhu, Yaqun Fu, Minmin Zhang, Yang Zhao, Kara Hanson, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Xiaoyun Liu
BACKGROUND: Since 1968, China has trained about 1.5 million barefoot doctors in a few years' time to provide basic health services to 0.8 billion rural population. China's Ministry of Health stopped using the term of barefoot doctor in 1985, and changed policy to develop village doctors. Since then, village doctors have kept on playing an irreplaceable role in China's rural health, even though the number of village doctors has fluctuated over the years and they face serious challenges...
July 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658344/substernal-goiter-and-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#9
Mariana Gonçalves Rodrigues, Vergilius José Furtado de Araujo, Leandro Luongo de Matos, Flávio Carneiro Hojaij, Cesar Augusto Simões, Vergilius José Furtado de Araujo, Daniel Marin Ramos, Renata Lorencetti Mahmoud, Letícia de Moraes Mosca, Gustavo Borges Manta, Erivelto Martinho Volpi Lenine Garcia Brandão, Claudio Roberto Cernea
Objective: This study aims to compare the prevalence of laryngopharyngeal reflux signs between two groups of patients undergoing thyroidectomy for voluminous goiter: substernal goiters and voluminous cervical goiter without thoracic extension. Subjects and methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed with data retrieved of the charts of the patients submitted to thyroidectomies occurred at a tertiary care center (Head and Neck Surgery Department, University of São Paulo Medical School) between 2010 and 2014...
June 26, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658017/rethinking-the-match-a-proposal-for-modern-match-making
#10
Chris Ray, Steven E Bishop, Alan W Dow
Since the 1950s, the National Resident Matching Program, or "the Match," has governed the placement of medical students into residencies. The Match was created to protect students in an era when residency positions outnumbered applicants and hospitals pressured students early in their academic careers to commit to a residency position. Now, however, applicants outnumber positions, applicants are applying to increasing numbers of programs, and the costs of the Match for applicants and programs are high. Meanwhile, medical education is evolving toward a competency-based approach, a U...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657556/unmatched-u-s-allopathic-seniors-in-the-2015-main-residency-match-a-study-of-applicant-behavior-interview-selection-and-match-outcome
#11
Mei Liang, Laurie S Curtin, Mona M Signer, Maria C Savoia
PURPOSE: The application and interview behaviors of unmatched U.S. allopathic medical school senior students (U.S. seniors) participating in the 2015 National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Main Residency Match were studied in conjunction with their United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 scores and ranking preferences to understand their effects on Match outcome. METHOD: USMLE Step 1 score and preferred specialty information were reviewed for U...
July 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655303/knowledge-attitudes-and-values-among-physicians-working-with-clinical-genomics-a-survey-of-medical-oncologists
#12
Peter Chow-White, Dung Ha, Janessa Laskin
BACKGROUND: It has been over a decade since the completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP), genomic sequencing technologies have yet to become parts of standard of care in Canada. This study investigates medical oncologists' (MOs) genomic literacy and their experiences based on their participation in a cancer genomics trial in British Columbia, Canada. METHODS: The authors conducted a survey of MOs from British Columbia, Canada (n = 31, 52.5% response rate), who are actively involved in a clinical genomics trial called Personalized Onco-Genomics (POG)...
June 27, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#13
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634727/safety-and-efficacy-of-chemosaturation-in-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-liver-tumors
#14
Martha M Kirstein, Steffen Marquardt, Nils Jedicke, Silke Marhenke, Wolfgang Koppert, Michael P Manns, Frank Wacker, Arndt Vogel
BACKGROUND: Chemosaturation with percutaneous hepatic perfusion (CS-PHP; hepatic CHEMOSAT(®) delivery system; Delcath Systems Inc, USA) is a novel medical device, which delivers high doses of melphalan directly to the liver in patients with primary and secondary liver tumors while limiting systemic toxicity through hemofiltration of the hepatic venous blood. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of the second-generation CS-PHP after 54 treatments at Hannover Medical School, Germany...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624778/students-approaches-to-medical-school-choice-relationship-with-students-characteristics-and-motivation
#15
Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Nienke R Schripsema, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Gerard W G Spaai, Robert L Hulsman, Rashmi A Kusurkar
Objectives: The aim was to examine main reasons for students' medical school choice and their relationship with students' characteristics and motivation during the students' medical study. Methods: In this multisite cross-sectional study, all Year-1 and Year-4 students who had participated in a selection procedure in one of the three Dutch medical schools included in the study were invited to complete an online survey comprising personal data, their main reason for medical school choice and standard, validated questionnaires to measure their strength of motivation (Strength of Motivation for Medical School-Revised) and autonomous and controlled type of motivation (Academic Self-regulation Questionnaire)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624300/evaluating-current-and-recent-fellows-perceptions-on-the-interventional-radiology-residency-results-of-a-united-states-survey
#16
J C Hoffmann, A Singh, D Szaflarski, J F B Chick, N Azimov, S Mittal, J Flug, P J Rochon
PURPOSE: To evaluate current and recent interventional radiology (IR) fellows' perceptions on the new integrated IR residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, web-based survey was distributed to 82 current and recent IR fellows across the Unites States. The survey contained 15 questions, most of which were based on a five-point Likert scale. The survey was open for a three-week period in September 2015. The results were analyzed by two trainees and three IR attending physicians...
June 14, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621242/the-gap-between-medical-faculty-s-perceptions-and-use-of-e-learning-resources
#17
Kyong-Jee Kim, Youngjoon Kang, Giwoon Kim
BACKGROUND: e-Learning resources have become increasingly popular in medical education; however, there has been scant research on faculty perceptions and use of these resources. OBJECTIVE: To investigate medical faculty's use of e-learning resources and to draw on practical implications for fostering their use of such resources. DESIGN: Approximately 500 full-time faculty members in 35 medical schools across the nation in South Korea were invited to participate in a 30-item questionnaire on their perceptions and use of e-learning resources in medical education...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609302/association-between-exposure-of-young-children-to-procedures-requiring-general-anesthesia-and-learning-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#18
Danqing Hu, Randall P Flick, Michael J Zaccariello, Robert C Colligan, Slavica K Katusic, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Shonie L Buenvenida, Stephen J Gleich, Robert T Wilder, Juraj Sprung, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: Exposure of young animals to general anesthesia causes neurodegeneration and lasting behavioral abnormalities; whether these findings translate to children remains unclear. This study used a population-based birth cohort to test the hypothesis that multiple, but not single, exposures to procedures requiring general anesthesia before age 3 yr are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study cohort was assembled from children born in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1996 to 2000 (inclusive)...
August 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607645/the-perspective-of-medical-students-regarding-the-roles-and-characteristics-of-a-clinical-role-model
#19
Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Amin Beigzadeh, Abbas Etminan, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Marzieh Khodaei, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari
BACKGROUND: As medical students spend most of their time with their clinical teachers and imitate their roles and characteristics during the school year, it is important to identify the roles and characteristics that they find essential in their role models. These traits play a part in their future professions as doctors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the perspective of students, interns, and residents regarding the roles and characteristics of a clinical role model...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605058/cardiovascular-pharmacogenomics-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#20
Kristen M Ward, A Zarina Kraal, Stephanie A Flowers, Vicki L Ellingrod
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of multiple risk alleles for cognitive dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk on cognitive function, and to determine if these relationships varied by cognitive reserve (CR) or concomitant medication use in patients with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ambulatory mental health centers. PATIENTS: A total of 122 adults with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were maintained on a stable antipsychotic regimen for at least 6 months prior to study enrollment; patients were divided into three CR groups based on years of formal education: no high school completion or equivalent (low-education group [18 patients]); completion of high school or equivalent (moderate-education group [36 patients]; or any degree of post-high school education (high-education group [68 patients])...
June 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
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