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Medical school selection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440125/palliative-care-education-for-medical-students-differences-in-course-evolution-organisation-evaluation-and-funding-a-survey-of-all-uk-medical-schools
#1
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: A proportion of newly qualified doctors report feeling unprepared to manage patients with palliative care and end-of-life needs. This may be related to barriers within their institution during undergraduate training. Information is limited regarding the current organisation of palliative care teaching across UK medical schools. AIMS: To investigate the evolution and structure of palliative care teaching at UK medical schools. DESIGN: Anonymised, web-based questionnaire...
June 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#2
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#3
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421600/lay-led-and-peer-support-interventions-for-adolescents-with-asthma
#4
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Iain Crossingham
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with asthma are at high risk of poor adherence with treatment. This may be compounded by activities that worsen asthma, in particular smoking. Additional support above and beyond routine care has the potential to encourage good self-management. We wanted to find out whether sessions led by their peers or by lay leaders help to reduce these risks and improve asthma outcomes among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of lay-led and peer support interventions for adolescents with asthma...
April 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409171/determinants-of-social-accountability-in-iranian-nursing-and-midwifery-schools-a-delphi-study
#5
Amir Reza Salehmoghaddam, Seyed Reza Mazloom, Mohammad Sharafkhani, Hassan Gholami, Amir Emami Zeydi, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Ali Emadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Revising the medical education programs to meet the needs of society has become both a necessity and an important priority due to the considerable increase of population, changing patterns of diseases, and new health priorities. While this necessity has been highlighted in Iran's Fifth Development Plan as well as its National 2025 Vision Plan, the determinants of social accountability have not been explained yet. This study aimed to develop determinants of social accountability in the Iranian Nursing and Midwifery Schools...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403953/risk-factors-of-preterm-birth-in-france-in-2010-and-changes-since-1995-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#6
C Prunet, M Delnord, M-J Saurel-Cubizolles, F Goffinet, B Blondel
OBJECTIVES: To investigate risk factors of total, spontaneous and induced preterm birth in 2010 and differences between 1995 and 2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The national perinatal surveys are based on a representative sample of births in France. We selected live-born singletons (n=14,326 in 2010 and 12,885 in 1995) and used multiple regression analyses to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for maternal sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric history, prenatal care and smoking...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399716/the-lgbtqi-health-forum-an-innovative-interprofessional-initiative-to-support-curriculum-reform
#7
Hannan M Braun, David Ramirez, Greg J Zahner, Eva Mae Gillis-Buck, Heather Sheriff, Marcus Ferrone
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI) individuals continue to face barriers to accessing appropriate and comprehensive healthcare. Compounding this problem, healthcare trainees report few training opportunities and low levels of preparedness to care for LGBTQI patients. In 2009, an interprofessional group of students and a faculty advisor at the University of California, San Francisco, developed a novel student-organized LGBTQI Health Forum for medical, dental, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy students to deliver LGBTQI health content that was otherwise absent from the formal curriculum...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399354/epidemiology-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-shumadia-district-serbia-a-fifteen-year-retrospective-study
#8
Snežana Radovanović, Dragan Vasiljević, Mirjana Milosavljević, Ivana Simić-Vukomanović, Svetlana Radević, Nataša Mihailović, Sanja Kocić
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze epidemiological characteristics of suicide, as well as to emphasize possible risk factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, covering the period of fifteen years (1996-2010), which aims at discovering the relevant factors which have an influence on suicidal behaviour. This research uses the data from the documentation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia and Police Department in Kragujevac, hospitalization reports of patients treated at Psychiatric Clinic of the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, as well as the medical records of patients treated at the Health Centre Kragujevac...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395598/improving-clerkship-preparedness-a-hospital-medicine-elective-for-pre-clerkship-students
#9
Denise M Connor, Paul J Conlon, Bridget C O'Brien, Calvin L Chou
BACKGROUND: Medical students often struggle to apply their nascent clinical skills in clerkships. While transitional clerkships can orient students to new roles and logistics, students may benefit from developing clinical skills in inpatient environments earlier in their curriculum to improve readiness for clerkships. INTERVENTION: Our four- to six-session elective provides pre-clerkship students with individualized learning in the inpatient setting with the aim of improving clerkship preparedness...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379088/realist-evaluation-of-faculty-development-for-medical-educators-what-works-for-whom-and-why-in-the-long-term
#10
Olanrewaju O Sorinola, Jill Thistlethwaite, David Davies, Ed Peile
PURPOSE: Realism is a perspective in which entities exist independently of being perceived or independently of our theories about them. The realist framework with its principle of explanatory causation was used for an in-depth exploration of faculty development (FD) since, despite the widespread investment in FD, the evidence that it enhances the effectiveness of teaching in the long-term is still limited. The study aimed to develop realist theories that explain the connections between contexts (C), mechanisms (M) and outcomes (O) to find out what works for whom and why in FD...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379086/boosting-clinical-performance-the-impact-of-enhanced-final-year-placements
#11
D V H Williams, A M Reid, M Homer
BACKGROUND: This study follows on from a study that investigated how to develop effective final year medical student assistantship placements, using multidisciplinary clinical teams in planning and delivery. AIMS: This study assessed the effects on objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) performance of the in-course enhanced "super-assistantship" placement introduced to a randomly selected sample of 2013-14 final year medical students at Leeds medical school...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374229/the-impact-of-curriculum-design-in-the-acquisition-of-knowledge-of-oncology-comparison-among-four-medical-schools
#12
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Wytze S Aalders, André J A Bremers, René A Tio, Jakob de Vries
Over the past 5 years, cancer has replaced coronary heart disease as the leading cause of death in the Netherlands. It is thus paramount that medical doctors acquire a knowledge of cancer, since most of them will face many patients with cancer. Studies, however, have indicated that there is a deficit in knowledge of oncology among medical students, which may be due not only to the content but also to the structure of the curriculum. In this study, we compared students' knowledge acquisition in four different undergraduate medical programs...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370841/treatment-recidivism-in-adolescents-with-mental-illness-a-focused-applied-medical-ethnography
#13
Chukwudi C Ekwemalor, Cathy L Rozmus, Joan C Engebretson, Marianne T Marcus, Rebecca L Casarez, Andrew R Harper
PROBLEM: Treatment recidivism, described as frequent unplanned relapse readmissions, is a national problem predominant in adolescents with mental illness. Because the main triggers of treatment recidivism are not fully understood, the purpose of this study was to explore treatment recidivism (i) to better understand treatment recidivism from the perspectives of recidivist adolescents with mental illness, (ii) to describe major factors that contribute to treatment recidivism and how best to minimize them from the perspectives of these adolescents, and (iii) to describe their interaction with the medical culture...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363674/assessment-of-female-medical-students-interest-in-careers-in-cardiothoracic-surgery
#14
Darci C Foote, James M Meza, Vikram Sood, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: Although over half of medical students are females, women comprise only 21% of cardiothoracic (CT) surgery residency applicants and 5% of the CT workforce. We sought to gain insight into female medical students' perceptions of CT surgery and identify targets to increase interest. DESIGN: A 33-question survey queried career selection factors, perceptions of CT surgery, and ways to increase interest in the field. Responses were stratified by sex and preclinical versus clinical years...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361359/medical-student-oncology-congress-designed-and-implemented-by-brazilian-medical-students
#15
Celeste Rodovalho Soares de Camargo, Jean Henri Maselli Schoueri, Felippe Lazar Neto, Paola Boaro Segalla, Auro Del Giglio, Daniel I G Cubero
Oncology is an essential field of medicine; however, its teaching is occasionally underemphasized and uncoordinated during medical school. An alternative method of providing additional oncological information to medical students is through extracurricular activities, such as congresses and medical student associations. The aim of this paper is to describe a Medical Student Oncology Congress entirely designed and organized by medical students. Three medical students from oncology study and research groups identified the gap in oncology training at universities and decided to organize a congress for students...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358802/knowledge-practices-and-perceptions-of-geo-helminthes-infection-among-parents-of-pre-school-age-children-of-coastal-region-kenya
#16
Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H Kihara, Isaac G Thuita, Doris W Njomo
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are common human parasitic diseases in most of the developing world particularly in Kenya. The ongoing National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) was launched in 2012 and is currently targeting 28 of the 47 endemic Counties. In an effort to improve treatment intervention strategies among Pre-School Age Children (PSAC) attending Early Childhood Development Centres (ECDC), we sought to assess parents' knowledge, perceptions and practices on worm infection...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344716/an-examination-of-entrance-criteria-for-international-medical-graduates-imgs-into-canadian-psychiatry-residency-programs
#17
Ashok Soma, Mathew Myatt, Mario McKenna, Soma Ganesa, Ka Wai Leung
BACKGROUND: Although international medical graduates (IMGs) are essential in health care service delivery, a gap exists in the literature about how IMGs are selected into psychiatry residency programs in Canada. The purpose of this study was to identify the relative weight or importance that Canadian program directors (PDs) of psychiatry place on certain selection criteria when matching IMGs into residency programs. METHODS: We electronically distributed a web-based questionnaire to 16 university residency program directors of psychiatry in Canada...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344689/exploring-social-media-and-admissions-decision-making-friends-or-foes
#18
Marcus Law, Maria Mylopoulos, Paula Veinot, Daniel Miller, Mark D Hanson
BACKGROUND: Despite the ever-increasing use of social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) little is known about its use in medical school admissions. This qualitative study explores whether and how social media (SM) is used in undergraduate admissions in Canada, and the attitudes of admissions personnel towards such use. METHODS: Phone interviews were conducted with admissions deans and nominated admissions personnel. A qualitative descriptive analysis was performed using iterative coding and comparing, and grouping data into themes...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332906/undergraduate-rigor-scores-do-they-predict-achievement-in-veterinary-school
#19
Rebecca G Burzette, Jared A Danielson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Amanda J Fales-Williams, Kathryn H Kuehl
The relations between potential indicators of undergraduate rigor and subsequent achievement in professional school are not clear; some studies have shown that greater undergraduate selectivity is associated with greater achievement in medical science programs, while others have not. We sought to determine the extent to which indicators of undergraduate rigor were associated with achievement in veterinary school. Participants were graduates from three cohorts. The predictors were undergraduate GPA (UGPA), plus five rigor scores-degree or number of undergraduate credits, number of honors courses, number of withdrawals from or repeats of prerequisite science courses, number of part-time semesters, and ratio of community college credits to total college credits...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306599/knowledge-and-attitude-toward-corneal-donation-among-high-school-children-in-northern-india
#20
Parul Chawla Gupta, Mona Duggal, Limalemla Jamir, Drishti Sharma, Ankita Kankaria, Shreyaswi Sathyanath, Rupinder Kaur, Kirtan Rana, Jagat Ram
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge and attitude of school-going adolescents regarding corneal donation in government and private schools in an urban area of Northern India. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban field practice area of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. A total of 365 participants of the seventh to 10th grade were enrolled from a government school and a private school...
May 2017: Cornea
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