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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771976/skin-disease-prevalence-study-in-schoolchildren-in-rural-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-implications-for-integration-of-neglected-skin-diseases-skin-ntds
#1
Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Kouamé Kouadio, Bamba Vagamon, Konan N'guessan, Amari Jules Akpa, Aubin Yao, Julien Aké, Rigobert Abbet Abbet, Barbine Tchamba Agbor Agbor, Roger Bedimo, Norihisa Ishii, L Claire Fuller, Roderick Hay, Oriol Mitjà, Henning Drechsler, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of several skin-related neglected tropical diseases (skin NTDs)-including leprosy, Buruli ulcer, yaws, and scabies- may be achieved through school surveys, but such an approach has seldom been tested systematically on a large scale in endemic countries. Additionally, a better understanding of the spectrum of skin diseases and the at-risk populations to be encountered during such surveys is necessary to facilitate the process. METHODS: We performed a school skin survey for selected NTDs and the spectrum of skin diseases, among primary schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770211/the-performance-of-select-universities-of-medical-sciences-based-on-the-components-affecting-medical-education
#2
Mehdi Tayebi Arasteh, Behrooz Pouragha, Masume Bagheri Kahkesh
Background:  Every educational institution requires an evaluation system in order to find out about the quality and desirability of its activities, especially if it is a complex and dynamic environment. The present study was conducted to evaluate the educational performance of schools affiliated to Alborz University of Medical Sciences to help improve their performance. Methods:  This descriptive analytical study was conducted in six schools affiliated to Alborz University of Medical Sciences in April 2016-October 2016 and October 2016-April 2017...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765261/depression-in-medical-students-current-insights
#3
REVIEW
Fiona Moir, Jill Yielder, Jasmine Sanson, Yan Chen
Medical students are exposed to multiple factors during their academic and clinical study that have been shown to contribute to high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of this article was to explore the issue of depression in the medical student population, including prevalence, causes, and key issues, along with suggestions for early identification and support from one medical school in New Zealand. After establishing that the prevalence of depression is higher for medical students than the general population, the key issues explored include assessment used in the program, characteristics of the student population (such as Type A personality and perfectionism), resilience, selection procedures, students' motivation, and the nature of the clinical environment...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762796/institutional-nih-research-funding-and-a-culture-of-support-for-family-medicine-their-relationship-to-family-medicine-specialty-choice
#4
Arch G Mainous, Maribeth Porter, Denny Fe Agana, Alexander W Chessman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The United States suffers from a low proportion of medical students pursuing family medicine (FM). Our objective was to examine institutional characteristics consistent with a focus on National Institutes of Health (NIH) research, institutional support for FM education, and the proportion of medical students choosing FM. METHODS: The 2015 CERA Survey of Family Medicine Clerkship Directors was merged with institutional NIH funding data from 2014 and medical student specialty choice in 2015...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#5
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753616/an-interoperable-clinical-decision-support-system-for-early-detection-of-sirs-in-pediatric-intensive-care-using-openehr
#6
Antje Wulff, Birger Haarbrandt, Erik Tute, Michael Marschollek, Philipp Beerbaum, Thomas Jack
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-support systems (CDSS) are designed to solve knowledge-intensive tasks for supporting decision-making processes. Although many approaches for designing CDSS have been proposed, due to high implementation costs, as well as the lack of interoperability features, current solutions are not well-established across different institutions. Recently, the use of standardized formalisms for knowledge representation as terminologies as well as the integration of semantically enriched clinical information models, as openEHR Archetypes, and their reuse within CDSS are theoretically considered as key factors for reusable CDSS...
May 9, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748142/asynchronous-unsupervised-video-enhanced-feedback-as-effective-as-direct-expert-feedback-in-the-long-term-retention-of-practical-clinical-skills-randomised-trial-comparing-2-feedback-methods-in-a-cohort-of-novice-medical-students
#7
James Rammell, Joanna Matthan, Matthew Gray, Lucy R Bookless, Craig I Nesbitt, Paul Rodham, John Moss, Gerard Stansby, Alexander W Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of practical clinical skills' retention over a 7-week period after receiving either video-enhanced direct expert feedback (DEF) or asynchronous unsupervised video-enhanced feedback (UVF). DESIGN: A prospective single-blinded randomized trial was conducted over a 7-week period with novice medical students. Following a generic introduction, PowerPoint presentation and live demonstration of intravenous cannulation was given by an expert, and candidates performed the same task in isolation while being recorded and were randomized to receive either DEF or UVF...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748045/radiology-education-in-medical-school-and-residency-the-views-and-needs-of-program-directors
#8
Patrick T Schiller, Andrew W Phillips, Christopher M Straus
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors of this study used the perspectives of residency program directors (PDs) nationally to explore whether trainees are adequately prepared to utilize and interpret medical imaging as interns, to identify the types of imaging skills most important for residency, and to begin to address current shortcomings in radiology education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors created a survey using a modified version of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education radiology milestones and sent it to 100 randomly selected PDs each in pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and general surgery...
May 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742328/anonymous-body-or-first-patient-a-status-report-and-needs-assessment-regarding-the-personalization-of-donors-in-dissection-courses-in-german-austrian-and-swiss-medical-schools
#9
Friederike Hasselblatt, David A C Messerer, Oliver Keis, Tobias M Böckers, Anja Böckers
Many Anglo-American universities have undertaken a paradigm shift in how the dissection of human material is approached, such that students are encouraged to learn about the lives of body donors, and to respectfully "personalize" them as human beings, rather than treating the specimens as anonymous cadavers. For the purposes of this study, this provision of limited personal information regarding the life of a body donor will be referred to as "personalization" of body donors. At this time, it is unknown whether this paradigm shift in the personalization of body donors can be translated into the German-speaking world...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742116/choosing-emergency-medicine-influences-on-medical-students-choice-of-emergency-medicine
#10
John C Ray, Laura R Hopson, William Peterson, Sally A Santen, Sorabh Khandelwal, Fiona E Gallahue, Melissa White, John C Burkhardt
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is understood about which factors influence students' choice of specialty and when learners ultimately make this decision. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to understand how experiences of medical students relate to the timing of selection of Emergency Medicine (EM) as a specialty. Of specific interest were factors such as how earlier and more positive specialty exposure may impact the decision-making process of medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study of EM bound 4th year US medical students (MD and DO) was performed exploring when and why students choose EM as their specialty...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730951/why-research-productivity-of-medical-faculty-declines-after-attaining-professor-rank-a-multi-center-study-from-saudi-arabia-malaysia-and-pakistan
#11
Salman Yousuf Guraya, Khalid Ibrahim Khoshhal, Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff, Maroof Aziz Khan
OBJECTIVES: Research has shown a fall of research productivity of faculty after their promotion to professor rank. This study explores the factors that lead to this decline in research productivity of professors in medical discipline. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed online to medical professors of a Saudi, Malaysian and a Pakistani medical school. The participants were instructed to select their responses on a 5-point Likert's scale and the collected data was analyzed for quantitative and qualitative results...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728925/student-perspectives-on-the-impact-of-an-undergraduate-work-integrated-learning-program-on-admission-and-transition-to-medical-school
#12
Rachel McDonald, Adam Bobrowski, Leah Drost, Leigha Rowbottom, Judene Pretti, Hany Soliman, Stephanie Chan, Edward Chow
Work-integrated learning (WIL) is a form of education that integrates academic and workplace study. Such programs provide students the opportunity to concurrently develop cognitive and non-cognitive competencies. The purpose of this study is to explore which experiences and skills learned in a WIL placement are useful in applying to medical school and transitioning into the first year of a Doctor of Medicine program. All individuals who worked in the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program (RRRP; WIL placement) since 2004 and had completed at least 1 year of medical school were invited to participate...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725705/-knee-school-as-a-secondary-preventive-approach-the-sustainable-treatment-of-occupational-gonarthrosis
#13
S Dalichau, M Giemsa, T Solbach, M Büschke, D Engel, T Möller, A Wahl-Wachendorf
BACKGROUND: 2-6 months after successful medical rehabilitation in gonarthrosis, the positive effects remit without the implementation of adequate aftercare strategies. OBJECTIVES: A prospective comparative study aimed to investigate whether and to what extent the sustainability model of knee school for the secondary preventive treatment of occupational gonarthrosis is able to maintain positive treatment effects in the medium term. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 292 male employees from the building trade went through the three-week phase 1 of the biopsychosocial knee college with a focus on ergonomics and muscle strength training...
May 3, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725412/locally-advanced-laryngeal-cancer-total-laryngectomy-or-primary-non-surgical-treatment
#14
Aleš Čoček, Miloslav Ambruš, Alena Dohnalová, Martin Chovanec, Martina Kubecová, Kateřina Licková
Between January 1997 and December 2013, the Charles University 3rd Medical School and Royal Vinohrady Teaching Hospital Ear, Nose and Throat oncology team treated 185 patients with advanced laryngeal cancer, which, from a surgical perspective, required a total laryngectomy. Overall, ~70% of these patients (n=129) underwent conventional treatment (i.e., total laryngectomy with post-operative radiotherapy), and ~30% (n=56) were treated with larynx preservation protocols (including primary radiotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, or primary chemoradiotherapy)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724626/the-stability-of-factors-influencing-the-choice-of-medical-specialty-among-medical-students-and-postgraduate-radiology-trainees
#15
Adam J Yen, Emily M Webb, Eric J Jordan, Kimberly Kallianos, David M Naeger
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether general psychological motivating factors that guide career selection of a medical specialty differ over the course of medical school and to compare differences in motivating factors among students choosing "controllable" lifestyle specialties, students choosing "uncontrollable" lifestyle specialties, and a cohort of radiology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous survey was distributed to first- through fourth-year medical students and radiology residents at a single institution...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724213/the-ability-of-non-cognitive-traits-to-predict-undergraduate-performance-in-medical-schools-a-national-linkage-study
#16
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718290/a-longitudinal-study-of-commonly-used-admissions-measures-and-disenrollment-from-medical-school-and-graduate-medical-education-probation-or-termination-from-training
#17
Ting Dong, William R Gilliland, David Cruess, Jeffrey Hutchinson, Lisa Morres, Jerri Curtis, Gail-Selina Hewitt-Clarke, Steven J Durning
Introduction: This is an empirical study to better understand commonly used medical school admission measures and disenrollment decisions during undergraduate medical education as well as graduate medical education (GME) probation or termination decisions. Materials and Methods: Based on the data of USUHS medical students matriculating between 1998 and 2011 (N = 2,460), we compared medical school graduates and those disenrolled from medical school on MCAT scores, undergraduate BCPM (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Math) GPA, and undergraduate overall GPA...
April 27, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717073/assessing-the-medical-emergency-preparedness-of-dental-faculty-residents-and-practicing-periodontists-an-exploratory-study
#18
Tatiana de Bedout, Kyle Kramer, Steven Blanchard, Yusuke Hamada, George J Eckert, Gerardo Maupome, Vanchit John
With the increased number of elderly and medically compromised individuals receiving dental care and the presence of systemic comorbidities and associated treatment modalities in this patient population, it is imperative that dentists be prepared to manage a variety of medical emergencies. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of and preparedness to manage common medical emergencies of cohorts of practicing periodontists, specialty residents, and faculty members, both for comparative purposes and as an aid to refining a dental school's standardized case scenarios...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715233/evaluation-of-the-content-and-accessibility-of-web-sites-for-accredited-orthopaedic-trauma-surgery-fellowships
#19
M Kareem Shaath, Michael G Yeranosian, Joseph A Ippolito, Mark R Adams, Michael S Sirkin, Mark C Reilly
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic trauma fellowship applicants use online-based resources when researching information on potential U.S. fellowship programs. The 2 primary sources for identifying programs are the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) database and the San Francisco Match (SF Match) database. Previous studies in other orthopaedic subspecialty areas have demonstrated considerable discrepancies among fellowship programs. The purpose of this study was to analyze content and availability of information on orthopaedic trauma surgery fellowship web sites...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710270/associations-of-time-related-deployment-variables-with-risk-of-suicide-attempt-among-soldiers-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#20
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Tsz Hin H Ng, Hieu M Dinh, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein
Importance: There has been limited systematic examination of whether risk of suicide attempt (SA) among US Army soldiers is associated with time-related deployment variables, such as time in service before first deployment, duration of first deployment, and dwell time (DT) (ie, length of time between deployments). Objective: To examine the associations of time-related deployment variables with subsequent SA among soldiers who had deployed twice. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using administrative data from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2009, this longitudinal, retrospective cohort study identified person-month records of active-duty Regular Army enlisted soldiers who had served continuously in the US Army for at least 2 years and deployed exactly twice...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
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