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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549464/is-the-delivery-of-a-quality-improvement-education-programme-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-for-final-year-medical-students-feasible-and-still-effective-in-a-shortened-time-frame
#1
Bridget Kool, Michelle R Wise, Roshini Peiris-John, Lynn Sadler, Faith Mahony, Susan Wells
BACKGROUND: Teaching clinical audit skills to nascent health professionals is one strategy to improve frontline care. The undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland provides improvement science theory and skills in Year 5 teaching, and the opportunity to put this into practice during an Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) clinical attachment in Year 6. In 2015, a revised medical school curriculum at the university resulted in a planned reduction of the O&G attachment from five weeks to four, necessitating revision of the Year 6 Quality Improvement (QI) project...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546979/information-seeking-anxiety-among-m-a-students-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#2
Fereshteh Aghaei, Mohammad Reza Soleymani, Hassan Ashrafi Rizi
BACKGROUND: Information-seeking anxiety is a feeling caused by abundance of information or failure to proper interpret the information that can adversely affect the ability of individuals for seeking information and meeting their information needs. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate information-seeking anxiety, factors causing it, and methods for addressing and reducing this type of anxiety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate information-seeking anxiety in postgraduate students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539865/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-prevalence-among-school-teachers-of-saudi-arabia-and-its-impact-on-their-daily-life-activities
#3
Abdulrahman Mohammed Altwigry, Majed Saud Almutairi, Masood Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common upper gastrointestinal disorder encountered in the elderly patient. It is highly prevalent worldwide with a prevalence of 10-20% in the western world. The health-related quality of life (HRQL) is lower in individuals with GERD than in the general population and is comparable to that in individuals with other chronic diseases. It has a considerable impact on the quality of the patient's life through its symptoms and economically by following consultation procedures and medical care...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536989/development-and-evaluation-of-an-online-mental-health-program-for-medical-students
#4
Emily G Lattie, Jennifer L Duffecy, David C Mohr, Kathleen Kashima
OBJECTIVE: Medical school presents a time of psychological distress for many students, who are less likely than the general population to seek mental health treatment due to multiple treatment barriers. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) programs may be an acceptable option for medical students. This study aims to assess acceptability and usability of ThinkFeelDo, an iCBT program, and to examine the impact of the program on perceived stress, quality of life, and the development of cognitive and behavioral coping skills...
May 23, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535321/rural-family-medicine-outcomes-at-the-university-of-minnesota-medical-school-duluth
#5
Anna Fuglestad, Jacob Prunuske, Ronald Regal, Courtney Hunter, James Boulger, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth (MSD) opened in 1972 with a mission to train physicians serving rural Minnesota, emphasizing family medicine and American Indian (AI) communities. Nationwide there are shortages in family medicine and AI physicians, and MSD is a leader in these outcomes. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of 1972-2009 MSD graduates using descriptive statistics and multivariate regression to determine relationships between gender, race, age, and hometown and outcomes of family medicine specialty, rural practice, and rural family medicine practice...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526039/influences-on-patient-satisfaction-in-healthcare-centers-a-semi-quantitative-study-over-5%C3%A2-years
#6
Ruth D Thornton, Nicole Nurse, Laura Snavely, Stacey Hackett-Zahler, Kenice Frank, Robert A DiTomasso
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of ambulatory patients' satisfaction with clinic visits help improve communication and delivery of healthcare. The goal was to examine patient satisfaction in a primary care setting, identify how selected patient and physician setting and characteristics affected satisfaction, and determine if feedback provided to medical directors over time impacted patient satisfaction. METHODS: A three-phase, semi-quantitative analysis was performed using anonymous, validated patient satisfaction surveys collected from 889 ambulatory outpatients in 6 healthcare centers over 5-years...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523051/prevalence-of-anemia-and-related-factors-among-women-in-turkey
#7
Birsen Karaca Saydam, Rabia Ekti Genc, Fulden Sarac, Esin Ceber Turfan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anemia and related factors among women in Turkey. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the outpatient clinics of the Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University Medical School. Randomly selected women were given questionnaires regarding their socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics. The data were coded and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0 software. Statistical analyses with 95% confidence intervals were considered to be significant if p<0...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512493/radiographic-quality-of-root-canal-obturation-performed-by-fifth-year-students-of-hamadan-dental-school
#8
Amir Eskandarloo, Hamed Karkehabadi, Seyedeh Zeinab Hoseini Hashemi, Masoumeh Ahmadi, Seyedeh Sareh Hendi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the radiographic technical quality of root canal therapy performed by fifth year students of Dental School of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2016. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Four hundred and seventy records of root canal therapies were evaluated. Records with graphies taken as initial, master apical file (MAF), master apical cone (MAC) and final radiographs were included in the study and records of patient younger than 16 years and older than 68 years were excluded from further investigations...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494890/the-predictive-value-of-pre-recruitment-achievement-on-resident-performance-in-anesthesiology
#9
Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli, Emily Teeter, David Mayer, David A Zvara, Anthony Passannante, Kathleen A Smith
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Selecting candidates for residency positions is challenging and there is little research on the correlation between commonly used selection criteria and subsequent performance in anesthesiology. This study examined the association between the selection measures and post-recruitment performance in residency. DESIGN: Retrospective review of archival data. SETTING: Anesthesiology residency program at a large academic anesthesiology department...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472417/the-impact-of-specific-fertility-treatments-on-cognitive-development-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#10
Alice R Rumbold, Vivienne M Moore, Melissa J Whitrow, Tassia K Oswald, Lisa J Moran, Renae C Fernandez, Kurt T Barnhart, Michael J Davies
STUDY QUESTION: Does fertility treatment influence cognitive ability in school aged children, and does the impact vary with the type of treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: The available high-quality evidence indicates that specific treatments may give rise to different effects on cognitive development, with certain treatments, including ICSI, associated with cognitive impairment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous reviews of the literature concerning cognitive outcomes among children conceived with medical assistance have concluded that study findings are generally 'reassuring', but limited attention has been paid to the quality of this research...
May 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471777/recruiting-faculty-leaders-at-u-s-medical-schools-a-process-without-improvement
#11
James D Marsh, Ronald Chod
Recruiting faculty leaders to work in colleges of medicine is a ubiquitous, time-consuming, costly activity. Little quantitative information is available about contemporary leadership recruiting processes and outcomes. In this article, the authors examine current recruiting methods and outcomes in colleges of medicine and compare academic search approaches with the approaches often employed in intellectual-capital-rich industries.In 2015, the authors surveyed chairs of internal medicine at U.S. medical schools regarding their recruiting practices and outcomes-specifically their selection methods, the duration of searches, the recruitment of women and minorities underrepresented in medicine (URM), and their satisfaction with search outcomes...
May 2, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470075/factors-influencing-choice-of-site-for-rural-clinical-placements-by-final-year-medical-students-in-a-south-african-university
#12
Nontsikelelo O Mapukata, Rainy Dube, Ian Couper, Motlatso Mlambo
BACKGROUND: Most of South Africa's citizens who live in rural or underserved communities rely on the public health care sector to access quality health care. The value of rural exposure through clinical placements is well documented. Medical schools in South Africa have a responsibility to provide solutions that address the prevailing human resources challenges. Despite this commitment, medical students do not necessarily appreciate their role in resolving South Africa's human resources challenges...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468651/perceptions-of-residents-medical-and-nursing-students-about-interprofessional-education-a-systematic-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-literature
#13
Cora L F Visser, Johannes C F Ket, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi A Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: To identify facilitators and barriers that residents, medical and nursing students perceive in their Interprofessional Education (IPE) in a clinical setting with other healthcare students. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out to identify the perceptions of medical students, residents and nursing students regarding IPE in a clinical setting. PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC and PsycInfo were searched, using keywords and MeSH terms from each database's inception published prior to June 2014...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449724/does-medical-school-research-productivity-predict-a-resident-s-research-productivity-during-residency
#14
Scott Kohlert, Laura Zuccaro, Laurie McLean, Kristian Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Research productivity is an important component of the CanMEDS Scholar role and is an accreditation requirement of Canadian Otolaryngology training programs. Our objective was to determine if an association exists between publication rates before and during Otolaryngology residency. METHODS: We obtained the names for all certified Canadian Otolaryngologists who graduated between 1998 and 2013 inclusive, and conducted a Medline search for all of their publications...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440125/palliative-care-education-for-medical-students-differences-in-course-evolution-organisation-evaluation-and-funding-a-survey-of-all-uk-medical-schools
#15
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: A proportion of newly qualified doctors report feeling unprepared to manage patients with palliative care and end-of-life needs. This may be related to barriers within their institution during undergraduate training. Information is limited regarding the current organisation of palliative care teaching across UK medical schools. AIMS: To investigate the evolution and structure of palliative care teaching at UK medical schools. DESIGN: Anonymised, web-based questionnaire...
June 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#16
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#17
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421600/lay-led-and-peer-support-interventions-for-adolescents-with-asthma
#18
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Iain Crossingham
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with asthma are at high risk of poor adherence with treatment. This may be compounded by activities that worsen asthma, in particular smoking. Additional support above and beyond routine care has the potential to encourage good self-management. We wanted to find out whether sessions led by their peers or by lay leaders help to reduce these risks and improve asthma outcomes among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of lay-led and peer support interventions for adolescents with asthma...
April 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409171/determinants-of-social-accountability-in-iranian-nursing-and-midwifery-schools-a-delphi-study
#19
Amir Reza Salehmoghaddam, Seyed Reza Mazloom, Mohammad Sharafkhani, Hassan Gholami, Amir Emami Zeydi, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Ali Emadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Revising the medical education programs to meet the needs of society has become both a necessity and an important priority due to the considerable increase of population, changing patterns of diseases, and new health priorities. While this necessity has been highlighted in Iran's Fifth Development Plan as well as its National 2025 Vision Plan, the determinants of social accountability have not been explained yet. This study aimed to develop determinants of social accountability in the Iranian Nursing and Midwifery Schools...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403953/risk-factors-of-preterm-birth-in-france-in-2010-and-changes-since-1995-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#20
C Prunet, M Delnord, M-J Saurel-Cubizolles, F Goffinet, B Blondel
OBJECTIVES: To investigate risk factors of total, spontaneous and induced preterm birth in 2010 and differences between 1995 and 2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The national perinatal surveys are based on a representative sample of births in France. We selected live-born singletons (n=14,326 in 2010 and 12,885 in 1995) and used multiple regression analyses to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for maternal sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric history, prenatal care and smoking...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
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