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Medical school selection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634727/safety-and-efficacy-of-chemosaturation-in-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-liver-tumors
#1
Martha M Kirstein, Steffen Marquardt, Nils Jedicke, Silke Marhenke, Wolfgang Koppert, Michael P Manns, Frank Wacker, Arndt Vogel
BACKGROUND: Chemosaturation with percutaneous hepatic perfusion (CS-PHP; hepatic CHEMOSAT(®) delivery system; Delcath Systems Inc, USA) is a novel medical device, which delivers high doses of melphalan directly to the liver in patients with primary and secondary liver tumors while limiting systemic toxicity through hemofiltration of the hepatic venous blood. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of the second-generation CS-PHP after 54 treatments at Hannover Medical School, Germany...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624778/students-approaches-to-medical-school-choice-relationship-with-students-characteristics-and-motivation
#2
Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Nienke R Schripsema, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Gerard W G Spaai, Robert L Hulsman, Rashmi A Kusurkar
Objectives: The aim was to examine main reasons for students' medical school choice and their relationship with students' characteristics and motivation during the students' medical study. Methods: In this multisite cross-sectional study, all Year-1 and Year-4 students who had participated in a selection procedure in one of the three Dutch medical schools included in the study were invited to complete an online survey comprising personal data, their main reason for medical school choice and standard, validated questionnaires to measure their strength of motivation (Strength of Motivation for Medical School-Revised) and autonomous and controlled type of motivation (Academic Self-regulation Questionnaire)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624300/evaluating-current-and-recent-fellows-perceptions-on-the-interventional-radiology-residency-results-of-a-united-states-survey
#3
J C Hoffmann, A Singh, D Szaflarski, J F B Chick, N Azimov, S Mittal, J Flug, P J Rochon
PURPOSE: To evaluate current and recent interventional radiology (IR) fellows' perceptions on the new integrated IR residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, web-based survey was distributed to 82 current and recent IR fellows across the Unites States. The survey contained 15 questions, most of which were based on a five-point Likert scale. The survey was open for a three-week period in September 2015. The results were analyzed by two trainees and three IR attending physicians...
June 14, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621242/the-gap-between-medical-faculty-s-perceptions-and-use-of-e-learning-resources
#4
Kyong-Jee Kim, Youngjoon Kang, Giwoon Kim
BACKGROUND: e-Learning resources have become increasingly popular in medical education; however, there has been scant research on faculty perceptions and use of these resources. OBJECTIVE: To investigate medical faculty's use of e-learning resources and to draw on practical implications for fostering their use of such resources. DESIGN: Approximately 500 full-time faculty members in 35 medical schools across the nation in South Korea were invited to participate in a 30-item questionnaire on their perceptions and use of e-learning resources in medical education...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609302/association-between-exposure-of-young-children-to-procedures-requiring-general-anesthesia-and-learning-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#5
Danqing Hu, Randall P Flick, Michael J Zaccariello, Robert C Colligan, Slavica K Katusic, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Shonie L Buenvenida, Stephen J Gleich, Robert T Wilder, Juraj Sprung, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: Exposure of young animals to general anesthesia causes neurodegeneration and lasting behavioral abnormalities; whether these findings translate to children remains unclear. This study used a population-based birth cohort to test the hypothesis that multiple, but not single, exposures to procedures requiring general anesthesia before age 3 yr are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study cohort was assembled from children born in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1996 to 2000 (inclusive)...
June 13, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607645/the-perspective-of-medical-students-regarding-the-roles-and-characteristics-of-a-clinical-role-model
#6
Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Amin Beigzadeh, Abbas Etminan, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Marzieh Khodaei, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari
BACKGROUND: As medical students spend most of their time with their clinical teachers and imitate their roles and characteristics during the school year, it is important to identify the roles and characteristics that they find essential in their role models. These traits play a part in their future professions as doctors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the perspective of students, interns, and residents regarding the roles and characteristics of a clinical role model...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605058/cardiovascular-pharmacogenomics-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#7
Kristen M Ward, A Zarina Kraal, Stephanie A Flowers, Vicki L Ellingrod
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of multiple risk alleles for cognitive dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk on cognitive function, and to determine if these relationships varied by cognitive reserve (CR) or concomitant medication use in patients with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ambulatory mental health centers. PATIENTS: A total of 122 adults with a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis who were maintained on a stable antipsychotic regimen for at least 6 months prior to study enrollment; patients were divided into three CR groups based on years of formal education: no high school completion or equivalent (low-education group [18 patients]); completion of high school or equivalent (moderate-education group [36 patients]; or any degree of post-high school education (high-education group [68 patients])...
June 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602936/allergic-rhinitis-and-its-impact-on-asthma-aria-guidelines-2016-revision
#8
Jan L Brożek, Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Arnav Agarwal, Claus Bachert, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, G Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Niels H Chavannes, Jaime Correia de Sousa, Alvaro A Cruz, Carlos A Cuello-Garcia, Pascal Demoly, Mark Dykewicz, Itziar Etxeandia-Ikobaltzeta, Ivan D Florez, Wytske Fokkens, Joao Fonseca, Peter W Hellings, Ludger Klimek, Sergio Kowalski, Piotr Kuna, Kaja-Triin Laisaar, Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Peter J Manning, Eli Meltzer, Joaquim Mullol, Antonella Muraro, Robyn O'Hehir, Ken Ohta, Petr Panzner, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Hae-Sim Park, Gianni Passalacqua, Ruby Pawankar, David Price, John J Riva, Yetiani Roldán, Dermot Ryan, Behnam Sadeghirad, Boleslaw Samolinski, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Aziz Sheikh, Alkis Togias, Antonio Valero, Arunas Valiulis, Erkka Valovirta, Matthew Ventresca, Dana Wallace, Susan Waserman, Magnus Wickman, Wojtek Wiercioch, Juan José Yepes-Nuñez, Luo Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Mihaela Zidarn, Torsten Zuberbier, Holger J Schünemann
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis affects 10 to 40% of the population. It reduces quality of life, school and work performance, and is a frequent reason for office visits in general practice. Medical costs are large but avoidable costs associated with lost work productivity are even larger than those incurred by asthma. New evidence has accumulated since the last revision of the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma - ARIA guidelines in 2010 prompting its update. OBJECTIVE: To provide a targeted update of the ARIA guidelines...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601913/the-effects-of-a-non-cognitive-versus-cognitive-admission-procedure-within-cohorts-in-one-medical-school
#9
Marieke de Visser, Cornelia Fluit, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Roland Laan
In medical school selection, non-cognitive performance in particular correlates with performance in clinical practice. It is arguable, therefore, that selection should focus on non-cognitive aspects despite the predictive value of prior cognitive performance for early medical school performance. The aim of this study at Radboud University Medical Center, the Netherlands, is to determine the effects of admitting students through an autonomous non-cognitive procedure on early medical school performance. We compared their performance to the performance of students selected through an autonomous cognitive selection procedure, enrolling in the Bachelor's curriculum simultaneously...
June 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591505/-the-enarm-and-the-schools-and-faculties-of-medicine-an-analysis-that-nobody-will-like
#10
Manuel Ramiro-H, J Enrique Cruz-A, Lydia Zerón-Gutiérrez, Angel Arévalo-Vargas
In Mexico, the career of Doctor of Medicine has been considered as a prerequisite stage to access the specialization. Of course the majority of medical graduates aspire to undertake postgraduate courses in the different institutions that have a university program. The Examen Nacional de Aspirantes a Residencias Médicas (ENARM) (National Evaluation for Medical Residency Applicants) has become for the supporters a gap between the possibility of practicing the profession in a decent way and with a regular remuneration or exercising it in very limited conditions and with low economic income or even without exercising it...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587603/vienna-summer-school-on-oncology-how-to-teach-clinical-decision-making-in-a-multidisciplinary-environment
#11
Carola Lütgendorf-Caucig, Philipp A Kaiser, Alexandra Machacek, Cora Waldstein, Richard Pötter, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision making in oncology is based on both inter- and multidisciplinary approach. Hence teaching future doctors involved in oncology or general health practice is crucial. The aim of the Vienna Summer School on Oncology (VSSO) as an international, integrated, undergraduate oncology course is to teach medical students interdisciplinary team communication and application of treatment concepts/algorithms in a multidisciplinary setting. METHOD: The teaching is based on an inter- and multidisciplinary faculty and a multimodal education approach to address different learning styles...
June 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585727/atopic-dermatitis-characteristics-and-medication-use-patterns-in-school-age-children-with-ad-and-asthma-symptoms
#12
M van der Lee, A Arabkhazaeli, F C van Erp, J A Raaijmakers, C K van der Ent, C A F M Bruijnzeel-Koomen, M S de Bruin-Weller, S J H Vijverberg, A H Maitland-van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) and asthma often coexist. Both diseases can have a major impact on the lives of children with AD and their caregivers. AIM: To investigate the association of patient characteristics, comorbidities and impact of AD on children who have both asthma and AD. METHODS: Children with AD (n = 140) were selected from a larger cohort of children with a reported use of asthma medication. The Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) was used to assess Quality of Life (QoL), and the Self-Assessed Eczema Area and Severity Index (SA-EASI) was used to measure AD severity...
June 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584831/the-effect-of-bibliotherapy-on-the-psychological-capital-of-the-staff-of-the-school-of-management-and-medical-informatics-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-science
#13
Ahmad Papi, Zahra Mosharraf, Firoozeh Zare Farashbandi, Rahele Samouei, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Bibliotherapy is defined as using dynamic interaction along with reading a book in order to help the people to increase their cognitive understanding. This study aims to investigate the effect of bibliotherapy on the psychological capital of the employees of the Department of Management and Medical Informatics of Isfahan University of Medical Science. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an applied study using a semi-empirical method. The statistical population consists of all nonfaculty employees of the target department (70 people)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582291/craniofacial-surgery-fellowship-selection-criteria-a-national-program-director-survey
#14
Francesco M Egro, Nathaniel A Blecher, Joseph E Losee, Vu T Nguyen, Jesse Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Candidate characteristics for craniofacial fellowship training still remain unknown, as no data are available in the literature. This study aims to provide information on the criteria that are used to select and rank applicants for the craniofacial surgery fellowship match. METHOD: A 38-question survey was sent in April 2015 to all craniofacial surgery fellowship program directors (n = 29) involved in the US match using QuestionPro Survey Software...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578754/internet-images-of-the-speech-pathology-profession
#15
Nicole Byrne
Objective The Internet provides the general public with information about speech pathology services, including client groups and service delivery models, as well as the professionals providing the services. Although this information assists the general public and other professionals to both access and understand speech pathology services, it also potentially provides information about speech pathology as a prospective career, including the types of people who are speech pathologists (i.e. demographics). The aim of the present study was to collect baseline data on how the speech pathology profession was presented via images on the Internet...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577115/the-psychiatry-major-a-curricular-innovation-to-improve-undergraduate-psychiatry-education-in-china
#16
Ling Jing, Wing Chung Chang, Robert Rohrbaugh, Xuan Ouyang, Eric Chen, Zhening Liu, Xinran Hu
OBJECTIVE: In China, a psychiatry major curriculum (PMC) has been implemented in select medical schools to improve the quality of undergraduate psychiatry education (UPE). Our aim was to describe this PMC and compare it with UPE in the standard Chinese clinical medicine curriculum (CMC). We also benchmarked PMC to UPE programs in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China and the United States of America (USA) to determine how well it met standards of well-established programs and to highlight areas for improvement...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576893/motivation-of-dutch-high-school-students-from-various-backgrounds-for-applying-to-study-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#17
Anouk Wouters, Gerda Croiset, Ulviye Isik, Rashmi A Kusurkar
OBJECTIVE: To explore high school students' motivation for applying to study medicine and the factors that influence this. To find explanations for under-representation of minority students in medical education, descriptions of motivation of students with different background characteristics were compared. DESIGN: Qualitative phenomenological study using semistructured one-on-one interviews. SETTING: One predominantly white and one mixed high school in a large multicultural city in the Netherlands...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574944/factors-motivating-medical-students-in-selecting-a-career-specialty-relevance-for-a-robust-orthopaedic-pipeline
#18
Raj D Rao, Omar N Khatib, Arnav Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Selection of a career specialty by medical students is a complex and individualized decision. Our goals were to understand the factors that influenced medical students in selecting their career specialty, identify the stage at which this decision was made, and understand the role of demographics, mentors, and curricula in this process. METHODS: Medical students from 10 institutions participated in a web-based survey. Results were stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and level of interest in orthopaedic surgery...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574751/athletic-trainers-reasons-for-and-mechanics-of-documenting-patient-care-a-report-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#19
Sara L Nottingham, Kenneth C Lam, Tricia M Kasamatsu, Bradly L Eppelheimer, Cailee E Welch Bacon
CONTEXT:   Documenting patient care is an important responsibility of athletic trainers (ATs). However, little is known about ATs' reasons for documenting patient care and mechanics of completing documentation tasks. OBJECTIVE:   To understand ATs' perceptions about reasons for and the mechanics of patient care documentation. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. SETTING:   Individual telephone interviews with Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network members...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571167/gap-between-the-expectations-and-perceptions-of-students-regarding-the-educational-services-offered-in-a-school-of-nursing-and-midwifery
#20
Fariba Asefi, Masoumeh Delaram, Fatemeh Deris
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of students' opinions about the various aspects of training provided is an essential factor to evaluate the quality of education. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the gap between the students' expectations and perceptions from the educational services provided to them in the School of Nursing and Midwifery in Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 320 students were selected by stratified random sampling method and data were collected by SERVQUAL questionnaire to examine the areas of assurance, responsiveness, empathy, tangibles and confidence...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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