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Medical school selection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353090/investigating-the-prevalence-of-febrile-convulsion-in-kayseri-turkey-an-assessment-of-the-risk-factors-for-recurrence-of-febrile-convulsion-and-for-development-of-epilepsy
#1
Mehmet Canpolat, Huseyin Per, Hakan Gumus, Ferhan Elmali, Sefer Kumandas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and recurrence of febrile convulsion (FC) and risk factors for development of epilepsy in school children throughout in the Kayseri provincial center. METHOD: Ten thousand individuals selected using "stratified cluster sampling" from a student population of 259,428 inside the Kayseri Urban Municipality represented the study sample. Fifteen thousand questionnaires were distributed, of which 10,742 (71...
January 10, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349804/integrity-situational-judgement-test-for-medical-school-selection-judging-what-to-do-versus-what-not-to-do
#2
Wendy E de Leng, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Marise Ph Born, Axel P N Themmen
CONTEXT: Despite their widespread use in medical school selection, there remains a lack of clarity on exactly what situational judgement tests (SJTs) measure. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop an SJT that measures integrity by combining critical incident interviews (inductive approach) with an innovative deductive approach. The deductive approach guided the development of the SJT according to two established theoretical models, of which one was positively related to integrity (honesty-humility [HH]) and one was negatively related to integrity (cognitive distortions [CD])...
January 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331902/the-use-of-interprofessional-learning-and-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-to-address-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Benedikte M Granheim, Julie M Shaw, Martha Mansah
OBJECTIVE: To identify how simulation and interprofessional learning are used together in undergraduate nursing programs and undertaken in schools of nursing to address interprofessional communication and collaboration. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, PsycInfo and Science Direct were searched to identify articles from 2006 to 2016 that reported on the use of IPL and simulation together in undergraduate nursing education...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314270/association-of-leptin-with-disease-severity-and-inflammation-indicators-in-chinese-obese-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#4
Wenlong Liu, Qingxiang Zeng, Lifeng Zhou, Renzhong Luo, Haipeng Dong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both obesity and allergic diseases in children has increased over the last several decades. However, the direct relationship between diverse allergic diseases and obesity has varied in different studies. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effect of obesity on the incidence and severity of allergic rhinitis (AR) and the possible key inflammation mediators during AR. METHODS: A total of 3,126 healthy students (without chronic diseases) were recruited from 14 randomly selected secondary schools in Guangzhou, China...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311534/selection-and-management-of-medical-official-during-the-yuan-dynasty
#5
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299213/prevalence-of-substance-abuse-among-students-of-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#6
Rosanna Mozafarinia, Mehrdad Assarian, Ahmad Ziaaddini
Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of substance abuse among students of selected schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among students in five schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire which was designed by the researcher. Questionnaires were distributed among participants selected using stratified random sampling...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291398/interventions-to-reduce-accidents-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Raquel S Barcelos, Bianca Del-Ponte, Iná S Santos
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on interventions planned to prevent the incidence of injuries in childhood. SOURCE OF DATA: The PubMed, Web of Science, and Bireme databases were searched by two independent reviewers, employing the single terms accidents, accident, injuries, injury, clinical trial, intervention, educational intervention, and multiple interventions, and their combinations, present in the article title or abstract, with no limits except period of publication (2006-2016) and studies in human subjects...
December 29, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289955/association-between-body-mass-index-and-dental-caries-among-special-care-female-children-in-makkah-city
#8
Nisreen Adnan Ashour, Amal Adnan Ashour, Sakeena Basha
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases with diet being a common contributory factor. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between dental caries and obesity among special care female school children in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Special schools in Makkah City. STUDY POPULATION AND METHODS: Schools were chosen by lottery and female children were ran...
December 31, 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#9
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286827/the-role-of-anxiety-in-simulation-based-dexterity-and-overall-performance-does-it-really-matter
#10
Fatema Dhaif, Georgios Paparoidamis, Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Ferha Saeed, Theodoros Michail, Anastasios Tzavelas, Efstathios Kenanidis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international undergraduate surgical masterclass which combines ex vivo, dry lab and high fidelity in vivo simulation-based learning (SBL). It consists of 32 stations of skills-based learning, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of fractures. Current literature suggests early involvement in skills-based learning at the undergraduate level is vital. AIMS: To compare students' dexterity and skills-based performance with demographic and educational background parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284253/risk-factors-for-work-related-eczema-and-urticaria-among-vocational-students-of-agriculture
#11
Radosław Śpiewak, Anna Góra-Florek, Andrzej Horoch, Mirosław J Jarosz, Agnieszka Doryńska, Marcin Golec, Jacek Dutkiewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Farmers are at high risk of occupational skin diseases which may start already during vocational training. This study was aimed at identification of risk factors for work-related skin diseases among vocational students of agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 440 students (245 males, 195 females aged 17-21 years) in 11 vocational schools which were at least 100 km from each other. The protocol included a physician-managed questionnaire and medical examination, skin prick tests, patch tests, total IgE and Phadiatop...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284226/acrylamide-in-food-products-eating-habits-and-consumer-awareness-among-medical-school-students
#12
Małgorzata Kowalska, Anna Żbikowska, Sylwia Onacik-Gür, Dorota Kowalska
INTRODUCTION: Acrylamide is formed in several foods during high-temperature processing. In view of reports written about the neurotoxic, genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of acrylamide, it was considered that the presence of this substance in food products might pose a risk for human health. Currently, according to EU Commission recommendations, the content of acrylamide in food should be monitored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyze the food preferences of youth and students from medical schools in Radom, central-eastern Poland, as the most frequent precipitantsas in the field of food products that may be a significant source of acrylamide in the diet...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282069/health-system-s-response-for-physician-workforce-shortages-and-the-upcoming-crisis-in-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-research
#13
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: A rapid transition from severe physician workforce shortage to massive production to ensure the physician workforce demand puts the Ethiopian health care system in a variety of challenges. Therefore, this study discovered how the health system response for physician workforce shortage using the so-called flooding strategy was viewed by different stakeholders. METHODS: The study adopted the grounded theory research approach to explore the causes, contexts, and consequences (at the present, in the short and long term) of massive medical student admission to the medical schools on patient care, medical education workforce, and medical students...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282067/the-current-situation-of-human-resources-for-health-in-the-province-of-cabinda-in-angola-is-it-a-limitation-to-provide-universal-access-to-healthcare
#14
Damas Macaia, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Angola is among sub-Saharan African countries dealing with a crisis of Human Resources for Health (HRH). The province of Cabinda, besides the efforts, still suffers from both HRH shortage and a badly distributed health workforce. In Cabinda, one can find urban concentration and rural shortages of healthcare professionals, many rural areas' healthcare facilities often secured only by basic or medium level HRH; and difficulties in developing HRH retention strategies in rural areas where most services are covered by foreign HRH...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282058/risk-factors-associated-with-academic-difficulty-in-an-australian-regionally-located-medical-school
#15
Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Teresa O'Connor, Robin A Ray, Yolanda Kerlen, Michelle Bellingan, Peta-Ann Teague
BACKGROUND: Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outright dismissal. METHODS: This study used survival analysis to identify the non-academic and academic risk factors (and their relative risks) associated with academic difficulty at a regionally located medical school. Retrospective non-academic and academic entry data for all medical students who were enrolled at the time of the study (2009-2014) were collated and analysed...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280752/medical-graduates-truthful-and-useful-analytics-with-big-data-and-the-art-of-persuasion
#16
Des Gorman, T Michael Kashner
The authors propose that the provision of state-of-the-art, effective, safe, and affordable health care requires medical school graduates not only to be competent practitioners and scientists, but also to be policy makers and professional leaders. To meet this challenge in the era of big data and cloud computing, these graduates must be able to understand and critically interpret analyses of large, observational datasets from electronic health records, third party claims files, surveys, and epidemiologic health datasets...
December 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279256/the-popularity-of-neurology-in-spain-an-analysis-of-specialty-selection
#17
J Curbelo, J M Romeo, J M Galván-Román, J Vega-Villar, E H Martinez-Lapiscina, P Jiménez-Fonseca, T Villacampa, F Sánchez-Lasheras, A Fernández-Somoano, J Baladrón
INTRODUCTION: Neurology is one of the medical specialties offered each year to residency training candidates. This project analyses the data associated with candidates choosing neurology residency programmes in recent years. METHODS: Data related to specialty selection were obtained from official reports by the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services, and Equality. Information was collected on several characteristics of teaching centres: availability of stroke units, endovascular intervention, national reference clinics for neurology, specific on-call shifts for neurology residents, and links with medical schools or national research networks...
December 23, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277921/clinical-factors-associated-with-physician-choice-of-femoral-versus-radial-access-a-real-world-experience-from-a-single-academic-center
#18
Jimmy Yee, Vishesh Kumar, Shenjing Li, Terezia Petraskova, Alex Pham, Julia Stys, Paul A Thompson, Marian Petrasko, Adam Stys, Tomasz Stys
OBJECTIVES: To analyze clinical factors associated with operator's preference in selection of femoral versus radial access for angiography and percutaneous intervention (PCI) procedures. BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in radial access in cardiac catheterization and PCI in the last few decades. METHODS: Data from 11 226 consecutive cardiac catheterization procedures were collected from Sanford University Medical Center (University of South Dakota, Sanford School of Medicine) from 2011 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276157/vaccination-coverage-among-school-children-aged-14-15%C3%A2-years-in-the-french-department-of-sarthe
#19
D Huart, S Blanchi
OBJECTIVES: Vaccinations are the main pillar of primary prevention for infectious diseases. To guide and prioritize public health interventions, the Regional Health Agency has asked the Prevention, Vaccination, and Screening Center of the Sarthe department to assess vaccination coverage (VC) at the sub-departmental level. The main objective was to measure the VC among school children aged 14-15 years in Sarthe at the sub-departmental level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a VC evaluation survey at the administrative district level among school children aged 14-15 years in the Sarthe department during the first quarter of the 2015-2016 school year...
December 21, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275552/-forensic-analysis-of-6-cases-of-sudden-death-due-to-hyperthyroid-heart-disease
#20
M Z Zhang, B X Li, R Zhao, D W Guan, G H Zhang, X Wu, B L Zhu, R B Li
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the cases of sudden death due to hyperthyroid heart disease, and explore the general information of deaths and the forensic pathological characteristics to provide reference evidence for forensic identification of such cases. METHODS: Six cases of sudden death due to hyperthyroid heart disease between 2001 and 2016 were selected from School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University. The general information (gender and age), clinical manifestations, medical history, anatomical and histopathological findings, biochemical parameters and cause of death were analysed retrospectively...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
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