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Collective migration metastasis

Xiaoyun Dai, Kwang Seok Ahn, Ling Zhi Wang, Chulwon Kim, Amudha Deivasigamni, Frank Arfuso, Jae-Young Um, Alan Prem Kumar, Young-Chae Chang, Dhiraj Kumar, Gopal C Kundu, Junji Magae, Boon Cher Goh, Kam Man Hui, Gautam Sethi
Increasing evidence(s) have indicated that epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) at the advanced stage of liver cancer, not only has the ability to self-renew and progress cancer, but also enables greater resistance to conventional chemo- and radio-therapies. Here, we report that ascochlorin (ASC), an isoprenoid antibiotic could potentiate the cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin (DOX) on HCCLM3, SNU387, SNU49, and SK-Hep-1 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, which had a predominantly mesenchymal signature with low expression of E-cadherin but high expression of N-cadherin...
October 7, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Qiao-Li Lv, Yuan-Tao Huang, Gui-Hua Wang, Yan-Ling Liu, Jin Huang, Qiang Qu, Bao Sun, Lei Hu, Lin Cheng, Shu-Hui Chen, Hong-Hao Zhou
Emerging studies show that dysregulation of the receptor of activated protein kinase C1 (RACK1) plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and progression of various cancers. However, the biological function and underlying mechanism of RACK1 in glioma remains poorly defined. Here, we found that RACK1 was significantly up-regulated in glioma tissues compared with normal brain tissues, being closely related to clinical stage of glioma both in mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with high RACK1 expression had a poor prognosis (p = 0...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Michael Rehman, Sreeharsha Gurrapu, Gabriella Cagnoni, Lorena Capparuccia, Luca Tamagnone
The secreted semaphorin Sema3E controls cell migration and invasiveness in cancer cells. Sema3E-receptor, PlexinD1, is frequently upregulated in melanoma, breast, colon, ovarian and prostate cancers; however, the mechanisms underlying PlexinD1 upregulation and the downstream events elicited in tumor cells are still unclear. Here we show that the canonical RBPjk-dependent Notch signaling cascade controls PlexinD1 expression in primary endothelial and cancer cells. Transcriptional activation was studied by quantitative PCR and promoter activity reporter assays...
2016: PloS One
Hongjie Wu, Jing Li, Dongxiao Xu, Donghui Jv, Xiaofeng Meng, Peng Qiao, Tao Cui, Baozhong Shi
Glioma is one of the most common brain tumors and one of the most aggressive cancers. Although extensive progress has been made regarding to the diagnosis and treatment, the mortality in glioma patients is still high. Therefore, finding new therapeutic targets to the glioma is critical to the advancement in cancer treatment. Recently, the 37-kDa laminin receptor precursor (37LRP) was reported to play important roles in occurrence of some types of cancer, indicating that this molecule may function as a key regulator in the tumor migration and metastasis...
October 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
Chaojing Lu, Lixin Yang, Hezhong Chen, Zhengxiang Shan
Currently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have critical regulatory roles in various cancers. However, its role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains largely unknown. Here, we focused on lncRNA BC032469, one of the lncRNAs involved in the development of ESCC. The levels of a specific differentially expressed lncRNA (termed lncRNA-BC032469) were measured in 45 paired esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue samples by quantitative real-time RT-PCR and then subjected to correlation analysis with clinical parameters and prognosis...
October 10, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Xi Yang, Kailiu Wu, Siyi Li, Longwei Hu, Jing Han, Dongwang Zhu, Xuerui Tian, Wei Liu, Zhen Tian, Laiping Zhong, Ming Yan, Chenping Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhang
The purpose of this study is to identify candidate genes that could predict prognosis of early-stage tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) and its occult cervical lymphatic metastasis by large-scale gene expression profiling. Tumor tissue and matched normal mucosa samples were collected from patients with TSCC and analyzed with Affymetrix HTA2.0 high-density oligonucleotide array. Differentially expressed genes in TSCC with cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) were further analyzed with Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes for their functions and related pathways...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Wei-Yang Tao, Chun-Yang Wang, Yong-Hui Sun, Yong-Hui Su, Da Pang, Guo-Qiang Zhang
Abnormal expression of microRNAs plays important role in tumor metastasis. Migration and invasion of cancer cells accord for the metastasis and deterioration of breast cancer. However, the regulatory role of microRNAs in the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells has not completely understood yet. Here we found that microRNA-34c (miR-34c) was significantly downregulated in metastatic tissue of breast cancer. In vitro study showed that miR-34c negatively regulated GIT1 protein expression by binding to the 3'UTR of GIT1 mRNA...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Toru Hiraga, Hiroaki Nakamura
Cluster of differentiation (CD)44 has been implicated in cancer metastasis to bone. Clinical and experimental studies have suggested that the standard isoform of CD44 (CD44s) and the variant isoform of CD44 (CD44v) enhance metastasis. The present study examined the differential roles of CD44s and CD44v, particularly CD44v8-10, in the development of bone metastases. For this purpose, MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and A549 human lung cancer cells were stably transduced with epithelial splicing regulatory protein 1 (ESRP1), which regulates the alternative splicing of several genes, including CD44...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Yuan-Chiang Chung, Wan-Chen Wei, Chia-Nung Hung, Jen-Fang Kuo, Chih-Ping Hsu, King-Jen Chang, Wei-Ting Chao
BACKGROUND: Collective cell migration, whereby the cell-cell contacts such as E-cadherin are maintained during migration, has only recently emerged and its detailed mechanisms are still unclear. In the present study, the role of Rab11, which functions in recycling endosomes, and its relationship to E-cadherin in colorectal carcinoma were identified, and the role of Rab11 in the collective cell migration of colon cancer cells was clarified. METHODS: A total of 107 patients with surgically resected colorectal carcinoma were enrolled in this immunohistochemical study...
October 3, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Chris Zhiyi Zhang, Yun Cao, Jia Fu, Jing-Ping Yun, Mei-Fang Zhang
Deregulation of microRNAs contributes to the aberrant growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we showed that miR-634 expression was frequently decreased in HCC. Low miR-634 expression was significantly associated with larger tumor size, poorer tumor differentiation, advanced TNM stage, vascular invasion, absence of tumor capsule and unfavorable overall survival. Overexpression of miR-634 markedly attenuated cell viability, colony formation, tumor growth and metastasis, whereas miR-634 inhibition resulted in the opposite phenotypes...
September 20, 2016: Molecular Oncology
Jaemin Lee, Jinhoi Song, Eun-Soo Kwon, Seongyea Jo, Min Kyung Kang, Yeon Jeong Kim, Yeonsil Hwang, Hosung Bae, Tae Heung Kang, Suhwan Chang, Hee Jun Cho, Song Cheol Kim, Seokho Kim, Sang Seok Koh
CTHRC1 (collagen triple-helix repeat-containing 1), a protein secreted during the tissue-repair process, is highly expressed in several malignant tumors, including pancreatic cancer. We recently showed that CTHRC1 has an important role in the progression and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. Although CTHRC1 secretion affects tumor cells, how it promotes tumorigenesis in the context of the microenvironment is largely unknown. Here we identified a novel role of CTHRC1 as a potent endothelial activator that promotes angiogenesis by recruiting bone marrow-derived cells to the tumor microenvironment during tumorigenesis...
September 30, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Brian Stramer, Roberto Mayor
Contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL) is a process whereby a cell ceases motility or changes its trajectory upon collision with another cell. CIL was initially characterized more than half a century ago and became a widely studied model system to understand how cells migrate and dynamically interact. Although CIL fell from interest for several decades, the scientific community has recently rediscovered this process. We are now beginning to understand the precise steps of this complex behaviour and to elucidate its regulatory components, including receptors, polarity proteins and cytoskeletal elements...
September 28, 2016: Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology
Jia Bi, Xianxin Zeng, Lin Zhao, Qian Wei, Lifeng Yu, Xinnan Wang, Zhaojin Yu, Yaming Cao, Fengping Shan, Minjie Wei
Macrophages can acquire a variety of polarization status and functions: classically activated macrophages (M1 macrophages); alternatively activated macrophages (M2 macrophages). However, the molecular basis of the process is still unclear. Here, this study addresses that microRNA-181a (miR-181a) is a key molecule controlling macrophage polarization. We found that miR-181a is overexpressed in M2 macrophages than in M1 macrophages. miR-181a expression was decreased when M2 phenotype converted to M1, whereas it increased when M1 phenotype converted to M2...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Li Li, Dr Tonghua Mei, Yun Zeng
Recent studies indicated that histone deacetylases (HDACs) can modulate the tumorigenesis and development of cancer cells. We evaluated the expression of class I HDACs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and found that HDAC2 was significantly increased in NSCLC cells as compared with the normal bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Silencing of HDAC2 by its specific siRNAs can significantly inhibit the in vitro migration and invasion of A549 and H1395 cells. While over expression of HDAC2 by transfection of pcDNA/HDAC2 plasmid can trigger the motility of NSCLC cells...
September 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Julia Odenthal, Robert Takes, Peter Friedl
Tumor cell migration, the basis for metastatic dissemination, is an adaptive process which depends upon coordinated cell interaction with the environment, influencing cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion, cytoskeletal dynamics and extracellular matrix remodeling. Growth factors and cytokines, released within the reactive tumor microenvironment and their intracellular effector signals strongly impact mechanocoupling functions in tumor cells and thereby control the mode and extent of tumor invasion, including collective and single-cell migration and their interconversions...
September 23, 2016: Carcinogenesis
Wei Wang, Hong-Juan Chu, Yan-Chun Liang, Jia-Ming Huang, Chun-Liang Shang, Hao Tan, Duo Liu, Yun-He Zhao, Tian-Yu Liu, Shu-Zhong Yao
Fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) was found in our previous study to be a potential biomarker for lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer. However, the roles of FABP5 in cervical cancer remain unclear. In the present study, FABP5 expression was found to be significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissues, and high FABP5 expression was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis, lymphovascular space invasion, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, and tumor size...
September 19, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Ying-Jung Chen, Yuan-Chin Lee, Chia-Hui Huang, Long-Sen Chang
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are highly invasive and have a higher rate of distant metastasis. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays a crucial role in EGF/EGFR-mediated malignant progression and metastasis of TNBCs. Various studies have revealed that treatment with gallic acid down-regulates MMP-9 expression in cancer cells, and that conjugation of phytochemical compounds with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) increases the anti-tumor activity of the phytochemical compounds. Thus, the effect of gallic acid-capped AuNPs (GA-AuNPs) on MMP-9 expression in EGF-treated TNBC MDA-MB-231 cells was analyzed in the present study...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Yun-Yan Wang, Zi-Yu Wu, Gong-Cheng Wang, Kun Liu, Xiao-Bing Niu, Shuo Gu, Jun-Song Meng
To investigate the influence of the long non-coding RNA LINC00312 on bladder cancer (BC) cell invasion and metastasis by targeting miR-197-3p. BC and corresponding adjacent tissues were collected. LINC00312 and miR-197-3p were measured, and their correlation was detected through quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). BC cell line T24 was transfected and grouped (five groups) according to different transfection conditions. A scratch test was applied to analyze cell migration, and a Transwell assay was used to test cell invasion ability...
September 8, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Chengyi Jiang, Lei Zhou, Hongtao Wang, Qiang Zhang, Yajia Xu
BACKGROUND: The Axl receptor tyrosine kinase has been demonstrated to be elevated and activated in many human cancers including liver, lung, breast, and pancreatic cancer. Its high expression has been considered as a cancer biomarker for predicting poor prognosis and increased invasiveness/metastasis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical significance of Axl in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its role in cell migration and invasion...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Younis Mohammad Hazari, Arif Bashir, Ehtisham Ul Haq, Khalid Majid Fazili
A set of cellular response to counter any alteration in homeostasis of a cell originating at endoplasmic reticulum is collectively termed as unfolded protein response (UPR). It initially is adaptive in nature as to restore cellular normalcy failing in course often activates pro-apoptotic signaling pathway resulting in cell death. UPR has emerged as an essential adaptation mechanism that cross talk with various cellular processes for cancer pathogenesis. Interestingly, it plays diverse role in plethora of signaling pathways instrumental in transformation, cell invasion, cell migration, metastasis, neovascularization, proliferation, and maintenance of energy metabolism of cancerous cells...
September 14, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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