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Pelvic Compression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794007/the-future-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-in-combat-operations
#1
Shane A Smith, R Hilsden, A Beckett, V C McAlister
Damage control resuscitation and early thoracotomy have been used to increase survival after severe injury in combat. There has been a renewed interest in resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in both civilian and military medical practices. REBOA may result in visceral and limb ischaemia that could be harmful if use of REBOA is premature or prolonged. The purpose of this paper is to align our experience of combat injuries with the known capability of REBOA to suggest an implementation strategy for the use of REBOA in combat care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792357/management-of-left-renal-vein-compression-in-patients-presenting-left-gonadal-vein-reflux
#2
Javier Leal Monedero, Santiago Zubicoa Ezpeleta, Michel Perrin
Background Compression of left renal vein is an atypical cause of reflux in pelvic veins resulting in pelvic varices that in turn causes frequently lower limb varices in many cases. Methods A monocentric study was undertaken to report the treatment and five-year follow up of patients presenting left renal vein compression. Embolization of refluxive gonadal/pelvic veins was performed generally as the initial procedure. Left renal vein stenting was performed in patients presenting haematuria, severe lumbar pain or persistent pelvic/lower limb varices after embolization...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763116/urodynamic-characteristics-of-pelvic-lipomatosis-with-glandular-cystitis-patients-correlate-with-morphologic-alterations-of-the-urinary-system-and-disease-severity
#3
Yuke Chen, Yang Yang, Wei Yu, Yunxiang Xiao, Yu Fan, Jihong Duan, Yuan Tang, Jie Jin, Huihui Wang, He Wang, Sainan Zhu, Zhijun Xi, Shiliang Wu
AIMS: To explore urodynamic characteristics and their clinical value in pelvic lipomatosis (PL) patients. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical information of 84 PL patients. A voiding pressure-flow study was used to classify patients into nonoutlet obstruction (NOO), latter-half-section obstruction (LHSO), or whole-section bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) groups. Urinary morphologic features were measured by imaging examination and cystoscopy. RESULTS: A unique LHSO that presented as sudden increasing detrusor pressure (Pdet) and decreasing flow rate in the latter half of voiding was observed for 52...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759487/aortocaval-compression-syndrome-time-to-revisit-certain-dogmas
#4
Allison J Lee, Ruth Landau
More than 70 years ago, the phenomenon of "postural shock" in the supine position was described in healthy women in late pregnancy. Since then, avoidance of the supine position has become a key component of clinical practice. Indeed, performing pelvic tilt in mothers at term to avoid aortocaval compression is a universally adopted measure, particularly during cesarean delivery. The studies on which this practice is based are largely nonrandomized, utilized a mix of anesthetic techniques, and were conducted decades ago in the setting of avoidance of vasopressors...
July 27, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728102/uterine-necrosis-following-a-combination-of-uterine-compression-sutures-and-vascular-ligation-during-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#5
Saad Benkirane, Hanane Saadi, Badr Serji, Ahmed Mimouni
INTRODUCTION: The Postpartum bleeding is the first cause of maternal mortality in Morocco. It is an obstetrical emergency that requires a fast multimodal management including medical care, interventional procedure and in few cases a salvatory surgery. CLINICAL CASE: We report a rare case of uterine necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage, refractory to medical therapy, and which was controlled by a combination of uterine hemostatic techniques and vascular ligation three days after surgery, the patient developed a fever (39°C)...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725617/post-vasectomy-pain-syndrome-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-options
#6
REVIEW
Varsha Sinha, Ranjith Ramasamy
Vasectomy is the most effective form of sterilization for men. With approximately 500,000 vasectomies performed each year in the United States, 1-2% of these patients will experience chronic testicular pain for greater than three months after the procedure. Post-vasectomy pain syndrome (PVPS) is diagnosis of exclusion, and may be caused by direct damage to spermatic cord structures, compression of nerves in the spermatic cord via inflammation, back pressure from epididymal congestion, and perineural fibrosis...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723370/evaluation-and-management-of-postprostatectomy-incontinence-a-systematic-review-of-current-literature
#7
REVIEW
Alexander Kretschmer, Wilhelm Hübner, Jaspreet S Sandhu, Ricarda M Bauer
CONTEXT: Radical prostatectomy is the most common reason for male stress urinary incontinence. There is still uncertainty about its diagnostic and therapeutic management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current evidence regarding the diagnosis and therapy of postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature was performed in October 2015 using the Medline database. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Diagnosis and conservative treatment of PPI are currently mostly based on expert opinions...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718250/qing-qi-rickshaw-a-boon-or-bane-for-public-transportation-a-study-of-road-traffic-injury-patterns-involving-qing-qi-rickshaws-in-karachi-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Muzzammil, Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Jahanzeb Effendi, Syed Jahanzeb, Ayesha Mughal, Abdul Qadir
BACKGROUND: The three-wheeler Qing-qi and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) auto-rickshaws were introduced in Karachi to meet the transportation demand of the growing population. These vehicles have directly or indirectly been implicated in a number of road traffic violations as well as road accidents. This study aims to describe the crash characteristics and injury patterns for Qing-qi rickshaw occupants and other road users hit by Qing-qi rickshaw in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: An Observational/ Descriptive study was conducted at Accident & Emergency and Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre, Karachi Pakistan from July 2014 to June 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707131/posterior-locked-lateral-compression-injury-of-the-pelvis-in-geriatric-patients-an-infrequent-and-specific-variant-of-the-fragility-fracture-of-pelvis
#9
Se-Won Lee, Weon-Yoo Kim, Sung-Jun Koh, Young-Yul Kim
INTRODUCTION: Posterior locked lateral compression injury (PLLCI) of the pelvic ring is an infrequent variant of lateral compression injury, a condition described in only eight reported cases since 2000. Lateral compression injury usually results from high-energy trauma and is characterized by locking between the medially translated fractured ilium and the anterior border of the sacrum, regardless of whether the fractured ilium involves the sacroiliac joint. However, in our experience, lateral compression injury can also result from low-energy trauma as a manifestation of pelvic fragility fracture...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697434/modelling-of-compressible-and-orthotropic-surgical-mesh-implants-based-on-optical-deformation-measurement
#10
Andreas J Horbach, Minh Tuan Duong, Manfred Staat
There is a potential mismatch between surgical mesh implants for hernia repair of pelvic floor surgery and the host tissue because soft tissue is incompressible and meshes are compressible. Therefore, mesh and tissue may develop different stiffness over the range of deformation. In addition compressibility is related to a change of porosity of the mesh which may decrease during the deformation. Scar formation and the ingrowth of the mesh can be related to effective porosity which decreases discontinuously in uniaxial loading at a critical stretch when pore areas collapse and therefore the mesh becomes ineffective...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695343/posterior-colporrhaphy-does-not-affect-the-urethral-closure-mechanism
#11
Yasmine Khayyami, Gunnar Lose, Niels Klarskov
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Studies have suggested that a posterior vaginal wall prolapse might compress the urethra and mask stress urinary incontinence (SUI), much like an anterior vaginal wall prolapse. A recent study with urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR) has shown that the urethral closure mechanism deteriorates after anterior colporrhaphy; this could explain the occurrence of postoperative de novo SUI. We hypothesized that urethral pressure would also decrease after posterior colporrhaphy...
July 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693882/bone-density-and-cross-sectional-geometry-of-the-proximal-femur-are-bilaterally-elevated-in-elite-cricket-fast-bowlers
#12
Matthew J Lees, Clive B Beggs, Matthew J Barlow, Zoe H Rutherford, Kunwar Bansil, Lisa Gannon, Karen Hind
The skeleton of a cricket fast bowler is exposed to a unique combination of gravitational and torsional loading in the form of substantial ground reaction forces delivered through the front landing foot, and anterior-posterior shear forces mediated by regional muscle contractions across the lumbo-pelvic region. The objectives of this study were to compare the hip structural characteristics of elite fast bowlers with recreationally active age-matched controls, and to examine unilateral bone properties in fast bowlers...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689938/gonadal-vein-transposition-in-nutcracker-syndrome
#13
Roy Miler, Eric K Shang, Woosup Michael Park
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Nutcracker syndrome, caused by mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein leading to symptoms related to venous hypertension, is an uncommon entity that may require operative intervention. Traditional open transposition of the left renal vein to the vena cava has been shown to have a re-intervention rate of up to 30%, while also having additional morbidity associated with laparotomy. More recently, endovascular stenting has been described in several small series, but have reported stent fracture, thrombosis and migration...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689655/robotic-resection-of-a-symptomatic-parasitic-leiomyoma-from%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-obturator-fossa
#14
Gulden Menderes, Belinda Nhundu, Karen Levy, Dan-Arin Silasi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a technique for robotically resecting a parasitic leiomyoma from the obturator fossa. DESIGN: Case report and a step-by-step video demonstration of resection of a symptomatic parasitic leiomyoma (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Tertiary referral center in New Haven, Connecticut. INTERVENTIONS: This 48-year-old Caucasian female had undergone a previous total abdominal hysterectomy for uterine leiomyomas...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680033/left-renal-vein-compression-syndrome-cracking-the-nut-of-clinical-dilemmas-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#15
Waqas Javed Siddiqui, Abu Bakar, Muhammad Aslam, Hasan Arif, Brian A Bianco, Alexander E Trebelev, Ellie Kelepouris, Sandeep Aggarwal
BACKGROUND The term nutcracker phenomenon (NCP) elucidates anatomical structure and hemodynamics, whereas nutcracker syndrome (NCS) refers to clinical manifestations. We present three cases of similar clinical features of hematuria and flank pain with different clinical outcomes. CASE REPORT Case 1: A 36-year-old Caucasian female with a past medical history (PMH) of HIV infection presented for evaluation of hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) without contrast showed pelvic venous congestion and narrowing of the extra-renal left renal vein (LRV)...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656317/-imaging-representation-of-peripheral-veins
#16
REVIEW
B Voigts, N Abolmaali, C Stelzner, S M Schellong
Several techniques are available for imaging of the venous system of the legs and pelvic region. In cases of suspected deep leg vein thrombosis B‑mode compression ultrasound is applied. Its accuracy is sufficient to either confirm or exclude the diagnosis with certainty. For examination of the iliac veins, however, flow information has to be added by pulsed wave (PW) Doppler or color Doppler sonography. In cases of suspected arm vein thrombosis, ultrasound is also the method of choice. The more proximal or the central parts of the venous system, i...
August 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656118/pediatric-ovarian-growing-teratoma-syndrome
#17
Rebecca M Rentea, Aaron Varghese, Atif Ahmed, Alexander Kats, Michelle Manalang, Tazim Dowlut-McElroy, Richard J Hendrickson
Ovarian immature teratoma is a germ cell tumor that comprises less than 1% of ovarian cancers and is treated with surgical debulking and chemotherapy depending on stage. Growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) is the phenomenon of the growth of mature teratoma elements with normal tumor markers during or following chemotherapy for treatment of a malignant germ cell tumor. These tumors are associated with significant morbidity and mortality due to invasive and compressive growth as well as potential for malignant transformation...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645850/biomechanical-analysis-using-fea-and-experiments-of-a-standard-plate-method-versus-three-cable-methods-for-fixing-acetabular-fractures-with-simultaneous-tha
#18
Mina S R Aziz, Omar Dessouki, Saeid Samiezadeh, Habiba Bougherara, Emil H Schemitsch, Radovan Zdero
Acetabular fractures potentially account for up to half of all pelvic fractures, while pelvic fractures potentially account for over one-tenth of all human bone fractures. This is the first biomechanical study to assess acetabular fracture fixation using plates versus cables in the presence of a total hip arthroplasty, as done for the elderly. In Phase 1, finite element (FE) models compared a standard plate method versus 3 cable methods for repairing an acetabular fracture (type: anterior column plus posterior hemi-transverse) subjected to a physiological-type compressive load of 2207N representing 3 x body weight for a 75kg person during walking...
August 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643681/-magnetic-resonance-neurography-for-the-identification-of-pudendal-neuralgia
#19
Claudia P Cejas, Susana Bordegaray, Nadia I Stefanoff, Cecilia Rollán, Inés T Escobar, Pablo Consigliere Rodríguez
The pudendal nerve entrapment is an entity understudied by diagnosis imaging. Various causes are recognized in relation to difficult labors, rectal, perineal, urological and gynecological surgery, pelvic trauma fracture, bones tumors and compression by tumors or pelvic pseudotumors. Pudendal neuropathy should be clinically suspected, and confirmed by different methods such as electrofisiological testing: evoked potentials, terminal motor latency test and electromyogram, neuronal block and magnetic resonance imaging...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639874/compression-treatment-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome
#20
S G Gavrilov, A V Karalkin, O O Turischeva
Aim To study the influence of compression treatment on clinical manifestations and venous hemodynamics of the pelvis in patients with pelvic congestion syndrome. Materials and methods A prospective study of the various options and modes of compression treatment was carried out and included 74 patients with pelvic congestion syndrome in 2008-2015. The patients were divided into three groups. The first group consisted of 48 patients with symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome and chronic pelvic pain. They used Class II compression shorts...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
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