Read by QxMD icon Read


Regina Trollmann, Theresa Mühlberger, Mandy Richter, Gudrun Boie, Andreas Feigenspan, Florian Brackmann, Susan Jung
Angiogenesis due to hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury represents a crucial compensatory mechanism of the developing brain that is mainly regulated by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF). Pharmacological stimulation of HIF is suggested as a neuroprotective option, however, studies of its effects on vascular development are limited. We analyzed the influence of the prolyl-4-hydroxylase inhibitor (PHI), FG-4497, and erythropoietin (rhEPO) on post-hypoxic angiogenesis (angiogenic growth factors, vessel structures) in the developing mouse brain (P7) assessed after a regeneration period of 72 h...
March 13, 2018: Brain Research
T D Tremaine, A A Fouladi-Nashta
The vascular changes associated with endometrial maturation in preparation for embryo implantation depend on numerous growth factors, known to regulate key angiogenic events. Primarily, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family promotes vascular growth, whilst the angiopoietins maintain blood vessel integrity. The aim was to analyse protein levels of VEGFA ligand and receptors, Angiopoietin-1 and 2 (ANG1/2) and endothelial cell receptor tyrosine kinase (TIE-2) in the ovine endometrium in the follicular and luteal phases of the oestrus cycle and in response to ovarian steroids...
March 5, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
X Tan, F-J Shao, G-J Fan, Y-T Ying
Plexiform lesions are characteristic histological changes of pulmonary arteries in human patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and are regarded as angiogenic lesions. Meat-type broiler chickens are susceptible to PAH and can develop plexiform lesions spontaneously. Whether the lesion development in broilers is associated with PAH predisposition and lung angiogenic environment remains unclear. Moreover, little is known about the cellular origin of these structures. In this work, plexiform lesions were detected in both layer chickens (a strain known to be resistant to PAH) and broiler chickens aged between 1 and 6 wk with normal pulmonary arterial pressures...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
Kee Hwan Yoo, Hyung Eun Yim, Eun Soo Bae, Young Sook Hong
Proper and timely assembly of the kidney vasculature with their respective nephrons is crucial during normal kidney development. In this study, we investigated the effects of enalapril (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) on angiogenesis-related gene expression and microvascular endothelium related to glomeular and tubular changes in the neonatal rat kidney. Enalapril-treated rats had higher tubular injury scores and lower glomerular maturity grades than those of untreated rats. In the enalapril-treated group, intrarenal angiopoietin-2, Tie-2, and thrombospondin-1 protein expression increased, whereas intrarenal angiopoietin-1 protein expression decreased...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Molecular Histology
Andrey Massarsky, Ayham Abdel, Lilah Glazer, Edward D Levin, Richard T Di Giulio
The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing despite insufficient information concerning their long-term effects, including the effects of maternal e-cigarette use on pre- and postnatal development. Our previous study demonstrated that developmental exposure to 1,2-propanediol (a principal component of e-cigarette liquid) affected early development of zebrafish, causing reduced growth, deformities, and hyperactive swimming behavior in larvae. The current study extends assessment of the developmental toxicity of 1,2-propanediol by examining additional long-term behavioral effects...
February 9, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Elisabeth A Schuldt, Wolfgang Lieb, Marcus Dörr, Markus M Lerch, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich
BACKGROUND: The Angiopoietin/Tie (Tyrosine kinase with Ig and EGF homology domains) signaling axis has crucial influences on angiogenesis and the vasculature's reorganization. Moreover, angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) is discussed as a biomarker for diseases' severity and development. Previous studies reported increased Ang2 levels in patients with inflammatory diseases and associations of Ang2 with inflammation markers in relatively small samples. We aimed to assess the relation of Ang2 and Tie2 with inflammation markers in the general population...
February 7, 2018: Cytokine
Alexandra Seamens, Elizabeth Nieman, Kristen Losavio, Bridget Bradley, Kate Nelson, Kuang-Ho Chen, Suephy Chen, Jack Arbiser, Leslie P Lawley
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) with functional or cosmetic concerns necessitate systemictreatment for which propranolol is the preferred treatment. However, the mechanism ofaction is unknown. Mouse models suggest the angiopoietin-2 (Ang2)/Tie-2 system isimplicated. Ang2 can promote endothelial growth or induce apoptosis depending on thepresence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This pilot study investigates thesaliva Ang2 levels in infants with IH treated with and without systemic propranolol...
February 10, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Itaru Matsumura
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have significantly improved the clinical outcomes of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, patients with CML need to receive TKI therapy for several years. Hence, the safety of long-term TKI treatment warrants utmost attention. Among various adverse events caused by TKI therapy, cardiovascular events (CVEs), such as acute myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, and pulmonary hypertension, are the most serious with high mortality. TKIs inhibit various off-target molecules involved in the occurrence of CVEs such as c-Kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), and Tie-2/Tec...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Dong-Mei Gong, Yan-Li Zhang, Dan-Yang Chen, Ling-Juan Hong, Feng Han, Qi-Bing Liu, Jian-Jun Jiang, Ying-Mei Lu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endothelial cell dysfunction is the principal pathological process underlying atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. G protein-coupled receptor 124 (GPR124), an orphan receptor in the adhesion GPCR subfamily, promotes angiogenesis in the brain. In the present study, we explored the role of endothelial GPR124 in the development and progression of atherosclerosis in adult mice. METHODS: Using tetracycline-inducible transgenic systems, we generated mice expressing GPR124 specifically under control of the Tie-2 promoter...
January 25, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jesse Walker, Jane L Risen, Thomas Gilovich, Richard Thaler
We present evidence of sudden-death aversion (SDA)-the tendency to avoid "fast" strategies that provide a greater chance of success, but include the possibility of immediate defeat, in favor of "slow" strategies that reduce the possibility of losing quickly, but have lower odds of ultimate success. Using a combination of archival analyses and controlled experiments, we explore the psychology behind SDA. First, we provide evidence for SDA and its cost to decision makers by tabulating how often NFL teams send games into overtime by kicking an extra point rather than going for the 2-point conversion (Study 1) and how often NBA teams attempt potentially game-tying 2-point shots rather than potentially game-winning 3-pointers (Study 2)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Lin Zhang, Yuanyuan Shan, Xingyue Ji, Mengyuan Zhu, Chuansheng Li, Ying Sun, Ru Si, Xiaoyan Pan, Jinfeng Wang, Weina Ma, Bingling Dai, Binghe Wang, Jie Zhang
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), especially VEGFR-2, TIE-2, and EphB4, play a crucial role in both angiogenesis and tumorigenesis. Moreover, complexity and heterogeneity of angiogenesis make it difficult to treat such pathological traits with single-target agents. Herein, we developed two classes of multi-target RTK inhibitors (RTKIs) based on the highly conserved ATP-binding pocket of VEGFR-2/TIE-2/EphB4, using previously reported BPS-7 as a lead compound. These multi-target RTKIs exhibited considerable potential as novel anti-angiogenic and anticancer agents...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Andrey Massarsky, G L Prasad, Richard T Di Giulio
Several studies have demonstrated zebrafish as a useful high-throughput in vivo model to study the effects of cigarette smoke on early development. It has been shown previously that exposure of zebrafish to cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM) leads to several adverse physiological aberrations, including heart deformities and improper angiogenesis. Consequently, this study investigated the effects of TPM on cardiovascular development in zebrafish that were exposed to increasing concentrations of TPM based upon nicotine content from 6h post fertilization (hpf) up to 72hpf...
January 15, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Nicola Silvestris, Katia Danza, Vito Longo, Oronzo Brunetti, Livia Fucci, Antonella Argentiero, Angela Calabrese, Ivana Cataldo, Roberto Tamma, Domenico Ribatti, Stefania Tommasi
Adenosquamous carcinoma of the pancreas (ASCP) is an uncommon variant of exocrine pancreatic malignancies, characterized by a histological admixture of adenomatous and squamous cell elements. This cancer is characterized by a poorly differentiated histology and a poorer clinical outcome compared to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Unlike PDAC, that is characterized by a low microvascular density (MVD) and collapsed vasculature, no data are available about angiogenesis in ASPC. Immunohistochemical evaluation of MVD and trypatse-positive mast cells (MCs) were performed on a single case of ASCP compared to PDAC...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
Xianyun Zhang, Jindong Ji, Guangbo Zhang, Chuntao Fang, Fujin Jiang, Song Ma, Jianquan Hou
Tumor angiogenesis is required for tumor growth and metastasis, and the Ang/Tie-2 axis plays a pivotal role in angiogenesis. B7-H3, a new member of the B7 family of costimulatory molecules, has a critical function in the T-cell-mediated antitumor immune response, and abnormal tumor B7-H3 expression is frequently associated with a poor prognosis. However, the relationship between B7-H3 and angiogenesis in clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unclear. In this study, we used immunohistochemical methods to detect tumor vascular expression of B7-H3 and Tie-2 in tissue microarrays of 82 ccRCC patient samples...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Lu Liu, Juan Cen, Yong Man, Jianbin Li, Dahuan Zhang, Fei Wang, Jinhua Li, Ji Ma, Xiaoming Wang, Biansheng Ji
Accumulated evidence displayed that transplantation of stem cells may be a promising approach for the treatment of neurological disorders. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be well elucidated. Moreover, some investigators cannot reproduce similar results as the previous. The present results showed that transplantation of fresh human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (cbMNCs) attenuated ischemic damage in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats, accompanied with improvement of neurologic deficits, learning and memory function...
January 15, 2018: Neuroscience
Birgitt Gutbier, Xiaohui Jiang, Kristina Dietert, Carolin Ehrler, Jasmin Lienau, Paul Van Slyke, Harold Kim, Van C Hoang, Jason T Maynes, Daniel J Dumont, Achim D Gruber, Norbert Weissmann, Timothy J Mitchell, Norbert Suttorp, Martin Witzenrath
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite effective antimicrobial therapy, CAP can induce pulmonary endothelial hyperpermeability resulting in life-threatening lung failure due to an exaggerated host-pathogen interaction. Treatment of acute lung injury is mainly supportive because key elements of inflammation-induced barrier disruption remain undetermined. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1)-mediated Tie2 activation reduces, and the Ang-1 antagonist Ang-2 increases, inflammation and endothelial permeability in sepsis...
November 13, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Amit Aurora, Nicole Wrice, Thomas J Walters, Robert J Christy, Shanmugasundaram Natesan
Extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds are being used for the clinical repair of soft tissue injuries. Although improved functional outcomes have been reported, ECM scaffolds show limited tissue specific remodeling response with concomitant deposition of fibrotic tissue. One plausible explanation is the regression of blood vessels which may be limiting the diffusion of oxygen and nutrients across the scaffold. Herein we develop a composite scaffold as a vasculo-inductive platform by integrating PEGylated platelet free plasma (PFP) hydrogel with a muscle derived ECM scaffold (m-ECM)...
January 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Xiaoqing Zhu, Jiali Yang, Yanfeng Gao, Chunjing Wu, Lili Yi, Guodong Li, Yuanming Qi
Inhibition of the VEGF/VEGF receptor (VEGFR) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2)/TEK receptor tyrosine kinase (Tie-2) pathway is a potential target for tumor angiogenesis. We previously showed that a peptide AS16 which dually inhibits VEGFR/Ang-2 could reduce the tumor growth and decrease the number of microvessels in tumor. However, its short circulating half-life in the serum limits its clinical applications. In this study, as an effort to prolong the short in vivo half-life of AS16, we designed a fusion protein containing peptide AS16 and an IgG Fc fragment...
November 2, 2017: Cancer Letters
Chuansheng Li, Yuanyuan Shan, Ying Sun, Ru Si, Liyuan Liang, Xiaoyan Pan, Binghe Wang, Jie Zhang
Herein, we embarked on a structural optimization campaign aiming at the discovery of second generation anti-angiogenesis agents with our previously reported BPS-7 as lead compound. A library of 27 compounds has been afforded based on the highly conserved ATP-binding pocket of VEGFR-2, Tie-2, and EphB4. Several title compounds exhibited simultaneous inhibitory effects against three angiogenic RTKs. These compounds with a 'triplet' inhibition profile have been identified as novel anti-angiogenic and anticancer agents...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Gui-Hong Zheng, Xin Wen, Yong-Jian Wang, Xin-Rui Han, Qun Shan, Wang Li, Tian Zhao, Dong-Mei Wu, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
This study aims to explore whether microRNA-381 (miR-381) mediating CXCR4 affects the renal tubular epithelial cells (RTEC) of renal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Forty-eight rats were assigned into the I/R (n = 24, successfully established as I/R model) and sham (n = 24) groups. After collecting kidney tissues, immunohistochemistry and microvascular density (MVD) counting were conducted for CXCR4 positive expression and MVD numbers. RTECs were assigned into the sham, blank, negative control (NC), miR-381 mimics, miR-381 inhibitor, si-CXCR4, and miR-381 inhibitor + si-CXCR4 groups...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"