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Perioperative fluid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678619/effect-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-on-early-cognitive-function-in-elderly-patients-with-spinal-stenosis
#1
Na Zhang, Min Liang, Dan-Dan Zhang, Yi-Rong Xiao, Yan-Zhen Li, You-Guang Gao, Hong-da Cai, Xian-Zhong Lin, Cai-Zhu Lin, Kai Zeng, Xiao-Dan Wu
PURPOSE: To explore effect of goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) on early cognitive function in elderly patients with spinal stenosis. METHODS: 83 elderly patients with spinal stenosis were randomly classified into two groups: control group (n = 40) and GDFT group (n = 43). The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score, IL-6 and S100β levels, hemodynamic parameters, cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2 ), arterial lactic acid values, output of surgery, operation time and cases of hypotension, intraoperative complications within 7 days were recorded for all patients...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660924/vasopressor-support-vs-liberal-fluid-administration-in-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-diep-free-flap-breast-reconstruction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
A M Anker, L Prantl, C Strauss, V Brébant, N Heine, P Lamby, S Geis, F Schenkhoff, M Pawlik, S M Klein
BACKGROUND: Perioperatively, patients' hemodynamics are modulated predominantly by intravenous fluid administration and vasoactive pharmacological support. Vasopressor agents are suspected to be detrimental on free flap survival by the cause of vasoconstriction of the pedicle with consecutive reduced overall flap perfusion and by aggravation of flap dissection. OBJECTIVE: A novel, standardized fluid restrictive perioperative hemodynamic management was assessed for its feasibility in clinical practice in free flap patients undergoing breast reconstruction...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659349/control-of-body-temperature-and-immune-function-in-patients-undergoing-open-surgery-for-gastric-cancer
#3
Li Shao, Nannan Pang, Ping Yan, Fengju Jia, Qi Sun, Wenjuan Ma, Yi Yang
The influence of mild perioperative hypothermia on the immune function and incidence of postoperative wound infections has been suggested, but the specific mechanism is unclear. This study aimed to analyze the body temperature, immune function, and wound infection rates in patients receiving open surgery for gastric cancer. Body temperature was controlled in each patient using one of four different methods: wrapping limbs, head and neck; insulated blankets; warming infusion fluids and insulated blankets; and warming fluids without insulated blankets...
April 9, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657727/preoperative-fluid-restriction-for-trauma-patients-with-hemorrhagic-shock-decreases-ventilator-days
#4
Shigenari Matsuyama, Ryusuke Miki, Hirotada Kittaka, Haruki Nakayama, Shota Kikuta, Satoshi Ishihara, Shinichi Nakayama
Aim: In recent years, with the concept of damage control resuscitation, hemostasis and preoperative fluid restriction have been carried out, but there is controversy regarding the effectiveness of fluid restriction. Methods: From April 2007 to March 2013, 101 trauma patients presented with hemorrhagic shock (systolic blood pressure ≤90 mmHg) at the prehospital or emergency department and were admitted to Hyogo Emergency Medical Center (Hyogo, Japan). They underwent emergency hemostasis by surgery and transcatheter arterial embolization...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653271/risk-factors-additional-length-of-stay-and-cost-associated-with-postoperative-ileus-following-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-in-the-elderly
#5
Jason A Horowitz, Amit Jain, Varun Puvanesarajah, Rabia Qureshi, Hamid Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Identify the independent risk factors, additional length of stay, and additional cost associated with postoperative ileus following anterior lumbar interbody fusion in the elderly. METHODS: The PearlDiver Patient Records Database (Young & Ellison, LLC, Colorado Springs, CO) was queried for all Medicare patients 65 years of age and older undergoing 1 or 2 level primary elective anterior lumbar interbody fusion from 2005-2014. Independent risk factors, additional length of stay, and additional cost associated with postoperative ileus were evaluated with multivariate analysis...
April 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649026/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-colorectal-surgery
#6
Kristen A Ban, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Elizabeth C Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Michael C Grant, Christopher L Wu
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American College of Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which is a national effort to disseminate best practices in perioperative care to more than 750 hospitals across multiple procedures in the next 5 years. The program will integrate evidence-based processes central to enhanced recovery and prevention of surgical site infection, venous thromboembolic events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections with socioadaptive interventions to improve surgical outcomes, patient experience, and perioperative safety culture...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644051/correction-to-american-society-for-enhanced-recovery-aser-and-perioperative-quality-initiative-poqi-joint-consensus-statement-on-perioperative-fluid-management-within-an-enhanced-recovery-pathway-for-colorectal-surgery
#7
Robert H Thiele, Karthik Raghunathan, C S Brudney, Dileep N Lobo, Daniel Martin, Anthony Senagore, Maxime Cannesson, Tong Joo Gan, Michael Monty G Mythen, Andrew D Shaw, Timothy E Miller
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13741-016-0049-9.].
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643629/intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-team-s-communiqu%C3%A3-with-anesthesia-professionals
#8
Anurag Tewari, Lisa Francis, Ravi N Samy, Dean C Kurth, Joshua Castle, Tiffany Frye, Mohamed Mahmoud
Background and Aims: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) is the standard of care during many spinal, vascular, and intracranial surgeries. High-quality perioperative care requires the communication and cooperation of several multidisciplinary teams. One of these multidisciplinary services is intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM), while other teams represent anesthesia and surgery. Few studies have investigated the IONM team's objective communication with anesthesia providers...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643552/anaesthetic-management-and-perioperative-outcomes-of-cytoreductive-surgery-with-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Kalpana P Balakrishnan, Sreedevi Survesan
Background and Aims: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is becoming the standard treatment option for peritoneal carcinomatosis but is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to retrospectively analyse and evaluate intra-operative factors associated with morbidity and mortality of CRS and HIPEC. Methods: Intra-operative data were collected for cases done over 1 year (24 cases) and analysed for the primary outcome of post-operative ventilation >24 h, and secondary outcome of length of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay >5 days...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642696/periprocedural-and-perioperatory-management-of-patients-with-tricuspid-valve-disease
#10
Fabrizio Monaco, Ambra L DI Prima, Monica DE Luca, Gaia Barucco, Alberto Zangrillo
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common valvular lesion which may affect morbidity and mortality. It can be related to an intrinsic abnormality of the tricuspid valve leaflets (organic) or secondary to annular dilatation (functional). Often organic and functional TR coexist in the same patient. A long standing TR is associated with ascites, congestive hepatopathy, peripheral edema, renal failure, and abdominal fullness which significantly affect the outcome. In particular, the perioperative course may be complicated due to both the presence of comorbidities and the development of a severe postoperative right ventricle (RV) dysfunction...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630007/optimizing-blood-transfusion-practices-through-bundled-intervention-implementation-in-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer-undergoing-laparotomy
#11
Sumer K Wallace, Jessica W Halverson, Christopher J Jankowski, Stephanie R DeJong, Amy L Weaver, Megan R Weinhold, Bijan J Borah, James P Moriarty, William A Cliby, Daryl J Kor, Andrew A Higgins, Hilary A Otto, Sean C Dowdy, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez
OBJECTIVE: To examine blood transfusion practices and develop a standardized bundle of interventions to address the high rate of perioperative red blood cell transfusion among patients with ovarian and endometrial cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Our primary aim was to determine whether an implemented bundled intervention was associated with a reduction in perioperative red blood cell transfusions among cases of laparotomy for cancer. Secondary aims included comparing perioperative demographic, surgical, complication, and cost data...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629201/anesthesia-and-fast-track-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-from-evidence-to-practice
#12
REVIEW
Marzia Umari, Stefano Falini, Matteo Segat, Michele Zuliani, Marco Crisman, Lucia Comuzzi, Francesco Pagos, Stefano Lovadina, Umberto Lucangelo
In thoracic surgery, the introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopic techniques has allowed the development of fast-track protocols, with shorter hospital lengths of stay and improved outcomes. The perioperative management needs to be optimized accordingly, with the goal of reducing postoperative complications and speeding recovery times. Premedication performed in the operative room should be wisely administered because often linked to late discharge from the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Inhalatory anesthesia, when possible, should be preferred based on protective effects on postoperative lung inflammation...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624530/diagnostic-accuracy-of-point-of-care-gastric-ultrasound
#13
Richelle Kruisselbrink, Angineh Gharapetian, Luis E Chaparro, Noam Ami, Dustin Richler, Vincent W S Chan, Anahi Perlas
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents is associated with significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have investigated the validity, reliability, and possible clinical impact of gastric ultrasound for the assessment of gastric content at the bedside. In the present study, we examined the accuracy (evaluated as sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios) of point-of-care gastric ultrasound to detect a "full stomach" in a simulated scenario of clinical equipoise...
April 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621027/cardiac-output-monitoring-how-to-choose-the-optimal-method-for-the-individual-patient
#14
Bernd Saugel, Jean-Louis Vincent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the different methods available for the assessment of cardiac output (CO) and describe their specific indications in intensive care and perioperative medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: In critically ill patients, persistent circulatory shock after initial resuscitation is an indication for the assessment of CO to monitor the response to fluids and vasoactive agents. In patients with circulatory shock associated with right ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary artery hypertension, or acute respiratory distress syndrome, invasive CO monitoring using indicator dilution methods is indicated...
April 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616352/efast-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-perioperative-complication-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#15
Achyut Sharma, Prajjwal Bhattarai, Apurb Sharma
A 29-year-old patient with normal preanesthetic evaluation was planned for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for right nephrolithiasis with right pyelolithiasis. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation with muscle relaxation. At the conclusion of surgery, when the patient was turned over to supine position, tense abdomen was noted. Immediately extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) was done in which both right and left quadrants of abdomen including pericardial and suprapubic region, right and left thoracic, and both lung basis were examined...
April 3, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611792/hypertonic-salt-solution-for-perioperative-fluid-management
#16
Natalie Govind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601381/does-the-alpha-defensin-immunoassay-or-the-lateral-flow-test-have-better-diagnostic-value-for-periprosthetic-joint-infection-a-systematic-review
#17
Hannah K Eriksson, Jakob Nordström, Katja Gabrysch, Nils P Hailer, Stergios Lazarinis
BACKGROUND: Measuring alpha-defensin concentrations in synovial fluid may help to diagnose periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). There are two commercially available methods for measuring alpha-defensin in synovial fluid: the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based Synovasure® alpha-defensin immunoassay, which gives a numeric readout within 24 hours, and the Synovasure lateral flow test, which gives a binary readout within 20 minutes. There is no compilation of the existing literature to support the use of one of these two tests over the other...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600670/-prospective-cases-control-study-on-arthroscopic-for-the-treatment-of-ischial-tuberosity-cyst
#18
Ying-Chun Zhu, Xue-Wen Jia, Zhe-Yang Wang, Cui Wang, Zhan-Ping Jin
OBJECTIVE: To compare technique and clinical effect of arthroscopic and conventional sectional therapy for the treatment of ischial tuberosity cyst. METHODS: From May 2014 and September 2016, 49 patients with symptomatic ischial tuberosity cyst were randomized divided into arthroscopic group and conventional section group by envelope method. There were 24 patients in arthroscopic group, including 16 males and 8 females aged from 42 to 81years old with an average age of (64...
March 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588906/complications-of-extended-endoscopic-endonasal-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#19
Tyler J Kenning, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto
Extended endoscopic endonasal procedures are not unique among surgical interventions in carrying increased risk in the elderly population. There are, however, components of the procedure, namely high-flow cerebrospinal fluid leaks, that do result in the potential for increased perioperative morbidity for these patients. We present the case of a 77-year-old male with a large invasive pituitary macroadenoma resected through a transplanum-transtuberculum-transsellar endonasal approach. A gross total resection was obtained with resolution of the patient's preoperative ophthalmologic deficits...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587784/mesh-reinforced-pancreaticojejunostomy-versus-conventional-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-retrospective-study-of-126-patients
#20
Xin Zhong, Xianfa Wang, Junhai Pan, Hepan Zhu, Lihu Gu, Zhaoqi Shi
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic fistula is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. The aim of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of a newly developed technique, namely mesh-reinforced pancreaticojejunostomy, in comparison with the conventional use of pancreaticojejunostomy after undergoing a pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: Data was collected from regarding 126 consecutive patients, who underwent the mesh-reinforced pancreaticojejunostomy or conventional pancreaticojejunostomy, after standard pancreaticoduodenectomy by one group of surgeons, between the time period of 2005 and 2016...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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