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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#1
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810506/controls-on-anastomosis-in-lowland-river-systems-towards-process-based-solutions-to-habitat-conservation
#2
Paweł Marcinkowski, Robert C Grabowski, Tomasz Okruszko
Anastomosing rivers were historically common around the world before extensive agricultural and industrial development in river valleys. Few lowland anastomosing rivers remain in temperate zones, and the protection of these river-floodplain systems is an international conservation priority. However, the mechanisms that drive the creation and maintenance of multiple channels, i.e. anabranches, are not well understood, particularly for lowland rivers, making it challenging to identify effective management strategies...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810071/understanding-the-geometry-of-connected-fracture-flow-with-multiperiod-oscillatory-hydraulic-tests
#3
Claire Sayler, Michael Cardiff, Michael D Fort
An understanding of the spatial and hydraulic properties of fast preferential flow pathways in the subsurface is necessary in applications ranging from contaminant fate and transport modeling to design of energy extraction systems. One method for the characterization of fracture properties over interwellbore scales is Multiperiod Oscillatory Hydraulic (MOH) testing, in which the aquifer response to oscillatory pressure stimulations is observed. MOH tests were conducted on isolated intervals of wells in siliciclastic and carbonate aquifers in southern Wisconsin...
August 15, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809590/brand-trust-and-image-effects-on-customer-satisfaction
#4
Sayed Hamid Khodadad Hosseini, Leila Behboudi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate brand trust and brand image effects on healthcare service users. Nowadays, managers and health activists are showing increased tendency to marketing and branding to attract and satisfy customers. Design/methodology/approach The current study's design is based on a conceptual model examining brand trust and brand image effects on customer satisfaction. Data obtained from 240 questionnaires (310 respondents) were analyzed using path analysis. Findings Results revealed that the most effective items bearing the highest influence on customer satisfaction and on benefiting from healthcare services include brand image, staff sincerity to its patients, interactions with physicians and rapport...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807999/role-of-co-occurring-competition-and-facilitation-in-plant-spacing-hydrodynamics-in-water-limited-environments
#5
Andrew C Trautz, Tissa H Illangasekare, Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe
Plant performance (i.e., fecundity, growth, survival) depends on an individual's access to space and resources. At the community level, plant performance is reflected in observable vegetation patterning (i.e., spacing distance, density) often controlled by limiting resources. Resource availability is, in turn, strongly dependent on plant patterning mediated by competitive and facilitative plant-plant interactions. Co-occurring competition and facilitation has never been specifically investigated from a hydrodynamic perspective...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807433/influences-on-decision-making-regarding-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Kieran A Walsh, Rebecca Dennehy, Carol Sinnott, John Browne, Stephen Byrne, Jennifer McSharry, Eoin Coughlan, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic prescribing is prevalent in nursing homes for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), despite the known risks and limited effectiveness. Many studies have attempted to understand this continuing phenomenon, using qualitative research methods, and have generated varied and sometimes conflicting findings. To date, the totality of this qualitative evidence has not been systematically collated and synthesized. AIMS: To synthesize the findings from individual qualitative studies on decision-making and prescribing behaviors for antipsychotics in nursing home residents with dementia, with a view to informing intervention development and quality improvement in this field...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#7
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804583/a-communicative-model-of-mothers-lifestyles-during-pregnancy-with-low-birth-weight-based-on-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-analysis
#8
Zohreh Mahmoodi, Masoud Karimlou, Homeira Sajjadi, Masoomeh Dejman, Meroe Vameghi, Mahrokh Dolatian
OBJECTIVES: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major health problems worldwide. It is important to identify the factors that play a role in the incidence of this adverse pregnancy outcome. This study aimed to develop a tool to measure mothers' lifestyles during pregnancy with a view to the effects of social determinants on health and develop a correlation model of mothers' lifestyles with LBW. METHODS: This study was conducted using methodological and case-control designs in four stages by selecting 750 mothers with infants weighing less than 4000 g using multistage sampling...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#9
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802335/national-quality-measures-in-perinatal-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Scott A Lorch
There are numerous measures of perinatal quality endorsed by national agencies such as the National Quality Forum (NQF). The sheer number of metrics may lead to confusion about what these measures truly assess, and how to interpret variation in these measures across hospitals, health care systems, and geographic regions. This review presents a conceptual model for the numerous validated measures, an overview of the types of measures endorsed for perinatal quality by NQF in 2016, and potential measures absent from endorsement by these national bodies...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801411/exploring-newly-qualified-doctors-workplace-stressors-an-interview-study-from-australia
#11
Victoria R Tallentire, Samantha E Smith, Adam D Facey, Laila Rotstein
PURPOSE: Postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) doctors suffer from high levels of psychological distress, yet the contributory factors are poorly understood. This study used an existing model of workplace stress to explore the elements most pertinent to PGY1 doctors. In turn, the data were used to amend and refine the conceptual model to better reflect the unique experiences of PGY1 doctors. METHOD: Focus groups were undertaken with PGY1 doctors working at four different health services in Victoria, Australia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800693/a-modified-sintacs-method-for-groundwater-vulnerability-and-pollution-risk-assessment-in-highly-anthropized-regions-based-on-no3-and-so4-2-concentrations
#12
Busico Gianluigi, Kazakis Nerantzis, Colombani Nicolò, Mastrocicco Micòl, Voudouris Konstantinos, Tedesco Dario
Groundwater vulnerability and risk assessment area worldwide tools in supporting groundwater protection and land planning. In this study, we used three of these different methodologies applied to the Campanian Plain located in southern Italy: SINTACS, AVI and LOS. However, their capability to describe the observed chemical pollution of the area has resulted quite poor. For such a reason, a modified SINTACS method has been then implemented in the area in order to get a more reliable view of groundwater vulnerability...
August 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800354/explaining-attrition-and-decreased-effectiveness-of-experienced-teachers-a-research-synthesis
#13
Marjolein Torenbeek, Velibor Peters
BACKGROUND: Teacher retention and development of the full potential of teachers is important at a national level in order to be able to belong to the top world economies. A number of studies suggests that part of the group of experienced teachers with more than 20 years of experience perform didactically at a lower level than would be expected and are at a greater risk for attrition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to find explanations for this by making use of the Job Demands Resources Model...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800077/comparison-of-medium-manganese-steel-and-q345-steel-on-corrosion-behavior-in-a-3-5-wt-nacl-solution
#14
Guanqiao Su, Xiuhua Gao
A cyclic wet/dry accelerated corrosion test was used to compare the corrosion behavior of medium-Mn steel and Q345 steel. In terms of scanning electron microscope (SEM), using X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and analysis of the corrosion process, the results showed that the medium-Mn steel did not exhibit higher corrosion resistance than Q345 steel due to the greater content of Mn-rich compounds in the rust layer. Moreover, the effect of a small amount of anti-corrosion elements in medium-manganese steel can regulate the corrosion rate...
August 11, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797670/the-role-of-alluvial-aquifer-sediments-in-attenuating-a-dissolved-arsenic-plume
#15
Brady A Ziegler, Madeline E Schreiber, Isabelle M Cozzarelli
In a crude-oil-contaminated sandy aquifer at the Bemidji site in northern Minnesota, biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons has resulted in release of naturally occurring As to groundwater under Fe-reducing conditions. This study used chemical extractions of aquifer sediments collected in 1993 and 2011-2014 to evaluate the relationship between Fe and As in different redox zones (oxic, methanogenic, Fe-reducing, anoxic-suboxic transition) of the contaminated aquifer over a twenty-year period. Results show that 1) the aquifer has the capacity to naturally attenuate the plume of dissolved As, primarily through sorption; 2) Fe and As are linearly correlated in sediment across all redox zones, and a regression analysis between Fe and As reasonably predicted As concentrations in sediment from 1993 using only Fe concentrations; 3) an As-rich "iron curtain," associated with the anoxic-suboxic transition zone, migrated 30m downgradient between 1993 and 2013 as a result of the hydrocarbon plume evolution; and 4) silt lenses in the aquifer preferentially sequester dissolved As, though As is remobilized into groundwater from sediment after reducing conditions are established...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797416/coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-is-it-time-for-a-change-in-methodology
#16
REVIEW
Michael J Blaha, Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Sina Kianoush, Rajesh Tota-Maharaj, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica
Quantification of coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been shown to be reliable, reproducible, and predictive of cardiovascular risk. Formal CAC scoring was introduced in 1990, with early scoring algorithms notable for their simplicity and elegance. Yet, with little evidence available on how to best build a score, and without a conceptual model guiding score development, these scores were, to a large degree, arbitrary. In this review, we describe the traditional approaches for clinical CAC scoring, noting their strengths, weaknesses, and limitations...
August 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791518/hardly-water-soluble-drug-loaded-gelatin-nanoparticles-sustaining-a-slow-release-preparation-by-novel-single-step-o-w-o-emulsion-accompanying-solvent-diffusion
#17
E J Lee, K-H Lim
Paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded gelatin nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared, for the first time, by novel O/W/O emulsion with a single-step emulsion process accompanying solvent diffusion, in contrast to the conventional double-step emulsion processes. Linoleic acid was chosen among the natural fatty acids as the exterior medium for the single-step emulsion process accompanying solvent diffusion. The size mean and zeta potential of the PTX-loaded gelatin NPs in their suspension were 164.95 nm (±6.43 nm) distributed with a polydispersity of 0...
August 8, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#18
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779820/pain-assessment-in-older-adults
#19
REVIEW
Ann L Horgas
Pain is a common experience for many older adults. Significant efforts have been undertaken to address and improve the assessment of pain in older adults over the past 2 decades. There have been many empirical studies and several expert panel statements to guide health care providers in the best practices for assessing pain in this population. This article provides a conceptual model that summarizes causes and consequences of pain and highlights the relationship between acute and persistent pain. Recommendations for pain assessment tools, including those developed for use in cognitively impaired elders, are presented...
September 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778036/healthy-urban-living-residential-environment-and-health-of-older-adults-in-shanghai
#20
Yafei Liu, Martin Dijst, Jan Faber, Stan Geertman, Can Cui
A healthy residential environment, especially for older adults, has emerged as an important issue on political and planning agenda in China. This paper aims to investigate the direct and indirect impact of residential environment on the health of older adults in Shanghai, taking into account health-related behaviours, subjective well-being and socio-demographic factors in one comprehensive conceptual model. Our results show that the residential environment is associated with older adults' health directly, and also indirectly through a series of significant behavioural (physical and social activities) and perceptual (subjective well-being) factors...
August 1, 2017: Health & Place
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