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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730402/theoretical-perspectives-of-adherence-to-web-based-interventions-a-scoping-review
#1
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, John Sg Wells
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature as this relates to theoretical perspectives of adherence to web-based interventions, drawing upon empirical evidence from the fields of psychology, business, information technology and health care. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature utilising principles outlined by Arksey and O'Malley was undertaken. RESULTS: Several relevant theoretical perspectives have emerged, eight of which are charted and discussed in this review...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729861/comparative-omics-and-trait-analyses-of-marine-pseudoalteromonas-phages-advance-the-phage-otu-concept
#2
Melissa B Duhaime, Natalie Solonenko, Simon Roux, Nathan C Verberkmoes, Antje Wichels, Matthew B Sullivan
Viruses influence the ecology and evolutionary trajectory of microbial communities. Yet our understanding of their roles in ecosystems is limited by the paucity of model systems available for hypothesis generation and testing. Further, virology is limited by the lack of a broadly accepted conceptual framework to classify viral diversity into evolutionary and ecologically cohesive units. Here, we introduce genomes, structural proteomes, and quantitative host range data for eight Pseudoalteromonas phages isolated from Helgoland (North Sea, Germany) and use these data to advance a genome-based viral operational taxonomic unit (OTU) definition...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726455/a-developmental-perspective-on-the-link-between-parents-employment-and-children-s-obesity
#3
Robert Crosnoe, Rachel Dunifon
Despite public concerns about the negative implications of the increased labor force participation of mothers for child development, decades of research have revealed few risks and some benefits. One potential risk-a consistently observed association between maternal employment and childhood obesity-offers a window into how some dimensions of family health may be undermined by work in an economic and policy context that is not family friendly. The purpose of this article is to identify ways that a developmental perspective can enrich the literature on how children's weight may be related to the work experiences of both mothers and fathers across diverse populations, a literature that heretofore has been dominated by economic and demographic perspectives, focused almost solely on women, and largely ignored racial/ethnic variation...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721291/basic-issues-concerning-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Roman Sosnowski, Marta Kulpa, Urszula Ziętalewicz, Jan Karol Wolski, Robert Nowakowski, Robert Bakuła, Tomasz Demkow
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases such as cancer have a strong influence on both physical health and quality of life, which together comprise the concept of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) - in other words, the complete state of physical, social, and psychological functioning. Herein, we review the literature on the theory of HRQoL in relation to oncological diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search of English-language publications that included an analysis of the conceptual models of HRQoL was performed using PubMed...
June 30, 2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717260/faculty-motivation-to-mentor-students-through-undergraduate-research-programs-a-study-of-enabling-and-constraining-factors
#5
Danielle X Morales, Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins
Undergraduate research experiences are a "high impact" educational practice that confer benefits to students. However, little attention has been paid to understanding faculty motivation to mentor undergraduate students through research training programs, even as the number of programs has grown, requiring increasing numbers of faculty mentors. To address this, we introduce a conceptual model for understanding faculty motivation to mentor and test it by using empirical data to identify factors that enable and constrain faculty engagement in an undergraduate research program...
August 2017: Research in Higher Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715079/recharge-and-groundwater-flow-within-an-intracratonic-basin-midwestern-united-states
#6
Samuel V Panno, Zohreh Askari, Walton R Kelly, Thomas M Parris, Keith C Hackley
The conservative nature of chloride (Cl(-) ) in groundwater and the abundance of geochemical data from various sources (both published and unpublished) provided a means of developing, for the first time, a representation of the hydrogeology of the Illinois Basin on a basin-wide scale. The creation of Cl(-) isocons superimposed on plan view maps of selected formations and on cross sections across the Illinois Basin yielded a conceptual model on a basin-wide scale of recharge into, groundwater flow within and through the Illinois Basin...
July 17, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714910/minding-the-cyber-physical-gap-model-based-analysis-and-mitigation-of-systemic-perception-induced-failure
#7
Yaniv Mordecai, Dov Dori
The cyber-physical gap (CPG) is the difference between the 'real' state of the world and the way the system perceives it. This discrepancy often stems from the limitations of sensing and data collection technologies and capabilities, and is inevitable at some degree in any cyber-physical system (CPS). Ignoring or misrepresenting such limitations during system modeling, specification, design, and analysis can potentially result in systemic misconceptions, disrupted functionality and performance, system failure, severe damage, and potential detrimental impacts on the system and its environment...
July 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714452/predict-moral-distress-using-workplace-stress-stress-of-conscience-mediated-by-coping-using-roy-adaptation-model-a-path-analysis
#8
Muder Alkrisat
BACKGROUND: Moral distress can be predisposed when nurses are exposed to ambiguous moral situations. PURPOSE: Is to test a conceptual model based on Roy adaptation model (RAM) to examine the relationship among workplace stress, conscience stress, and moral distress mediated by coping. DESIGN: A correlational, cross sectional. RESULTS: Data were collected from 199 licensed nurses. The findings indicated that workplace stress was related negatively to coping processes (β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713309/associations-among-different-internet-access-time-gender-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-in-taiwan-s-adolescents
#9
Cheng-Min Chao, Tai-Kuei Yu
With the increasing convenience of social networking sites and their interconnectedness with human interaction, verbal and image bullying have turned digital, making cyberbullying a new form of bullying attracting the attention of researchers, social workers, and schools. This study focuses on the status quo of attitude toward cyberbullying and cyberbullying behavior, explores associations of attitude toward behavior on cyberbullying behavior in gender and different internet access times. In a cross-sectional survey, adolescents were surveyed through self-report questionnaires, 13,864 respondents were received among 150 high schools in Taiwan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711453/a-roadmap-for-evaluating-the-use-and-value-of-durable-ventricular-assist-device-therapy
#10
EDITORIAL
Sarah T Ward, Qixing Liang, Francis D Pagani, Min Zhang, Robert L Kormos, Keith D Aaronson, Andrew D Althouse, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Donald S Likosky
Heart failure is a disease characterized by profound human suffering with limitations in survival despite treatment with guideline-directed medical therapies. Patients with heart failure frequently progress to advanced stages and often require cardiac transplantation or implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) to extend survival and improve quality of life. As the number of suitable heart donors, number of experienced medical centers and patient comorbidities place restrictions on the feasibility of cardiac transplantation, implantation of LVADs has emerged as a more frequently applied treatment as either a bridge to transplantation or as permanent therapy...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707352/hydraulic-redistribution-limitations-for-plants-in-saline-soils
#11
Nadia Bazihizina, Erik J Veneklaas, Edward G Barrett-Lennard, Timothy D Colmer
Hydraulic redistribution (HR), the movement of water from wet to dry patches in the soil via roots, occurs in different ecosystems and plant species. By extension of the principle that HR is driven by gradients in soil water potential, HR has been proposed to occur for plants in saline soils. Despite the inherent spatial patchiness and salinity gradients in these soils, the lack of direct evidence of HR in response to osmotic gradients prompted us to ask the question: are there physical or physiological constraints to HR for plants in saline environments? We propose that build-up of ions in the root xylem sap and in the leaf apoplast, with the latter resulting in a large predawn disequilibrium of water potential in shoots compared with roots and soil, would both impede HR...
July 13, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704670/cryo-conditioned-rocky-coast-systems-a-case-study-from-wilczekodden-svalbard
#12
M C Strzelecki, M Kasprzak, M Lim, Z M Swirad, M Jaskólski, Ł Pawłowski, P Modzel
This paper presents the results of an investigation into the processes controlling development of a cryo-conditioned rock coast system in Hornsund, Svalbard. A suite of nested geomorphological and geophysical methods have been applied to characterise the functioning of rock cliffs and shore platforms influenced by lithological control and geomorphic processes driven by polar coast environments. Electrical resistivity tomosgraphy (ERT) surveys have been used to investigate permafrost control on rock coast dynamics and reveal the strong interaction with marine processes in High Arctic coastal settings...
July 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698557/controls-on-edna-movement-in-streams-transport-retention-and-resuspension
#13
Arial J Shogren, Jennifer L Tank, Elizabeth Andruszkiewicz, Brett Olds, Andrew R Mahon, Christopher L Jerde, Diogo Bolster
Advances in detection of genetic material from species in aquatic ecosystems, including environmental DNA (eDNA), have improved species monitoring and management. eDNA from target species can readily move in streams and rivers and the goal is to measure it, and with that infer where and how abundant species are, adding great value to delimiting species invasions, monitoring and protecting rare species, and estimating biodiversity. To date, we lack an integrated framework that identifies environmental factors that control eDNA movement in realistic, complex, and heterogeneous flowing waters...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693450/transition-to-parenthood-in-the-neonatal-care-unit-a-qualitative-study-and-conceptual-model-designed-to-illuminate-parent-and-professional-views-of-the-impact-of-webcam-technology
#14
Susan Kerr, Caroline King, Rhona Hogg, Kerri McPherson, Janet Hanley, Maggie Brierton, Sean Ainsworth
BACKGROUND: Complications during pregnancy, childbirth and/or the postnatal period may result in the admission of a baby to a neonatal unit (NNU). While the survival and long-term prospects of high-risk infants are enhanced by admission, the enforced separation of the parent and child may have psychological consequences for both. There is a need to develop and evaluate interventions to help parents 'feel closer' to their infants in circumstances where they are physically separated from them...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693397/bringing-voice-in-policy-building
#15
Gaetano R Lotrecchiano, Mary Kane, Mark S Zocchi, Jessica Gosa, Danielle Lazar, Jesse M Pines
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the use of group concept mapping (GCM) as a tool for developing a conceptual model of an episode of acute, unscheduled care from illness or injury to outcomes such as recovery, death and chronic illness. Design/methodology/approach After generating a literature review drafting an initial conceptual model, GCM software (CS Global MAX(TM)) is used to organize and identify strengths and directionality between concepts generated through feedback about the model from several stakeholder groups: acute care and non-acute care providers, patients, payers and policymakers...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692898/weathering-and-evaporation-controls-on-dissolved-uranium-concentrations-in-groundwater-a-case-study-from-northern-burundi
#16
V E A Post, S I Vassolo, C Tiberghien, D Baranyikwa, D Miburo
The potential use of groundwater for potable water supply can be severely compromised by natural contaminants such as uranium. The environmental mobility of uranium depends on a suite of factors including aquifer lithology, redox conditions, complexing agents, and hydrological processes. Uranium concentrations of up to 734μg/L are found in groundwater in northern Burundi, and the objective of the present study was to identify the causes for these elevated concentrations. Based on a comprehensive data set of groundwater chemistry, geology, and hydrological measurements, it was found that the highest dissolved uranium concentrations in groundwater occur near the shores of Lake Tshohoha South and other smaller lakes nearby...
July 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690704/experienced-practitioners-beliefs-utilized-to-create-a-successful-massage-therapist-conceptual-model-a-qualitative-investigation
#17
Anne B Kennedy, Niki Munk
BACKGROUND: The massage therapy profession in the United States has grown exponentially, with 35% of the profession's practitioners in practice for three years or less. Investigating personal and social factors with regard to the massage therapy profession could help to identify constructs needed to be successful in the field. PURPOSE: This data-gathering exercise explores massage therapists' perceptions on what makes a successful massage therapist that will provide guidance for future research...
June 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690701/models-and-theories-of-prescribing-decisions-a-review-and-suggested-a-new-model
#18
Mohsen Ali Murshid, Zurina Mohaidin
To date, research on the prescribing decisions of physician lacks sound theoretical foundations. In fact, drug prescribing by doctors is a complex phenomenon influenced by various factors. Most of the existing studies in the area of drug prescription explain the process of decision-making by physicians via the exploratory approach rather than theoretical. Therefore, this review is an attempt to suggest a value conceptual model that explains the theoretical linkages existing between marketing efforts, patient and pharmacist and physician decision to prescribe the drugs...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676906/tacit-to-explicit-knowledge-conversion
#19
Osvaldo Cairó Battistutti, Dominik Bork
The ability to create, use and transfer knowledge may allow the creation or improvement of new products or services. But knowledge is often tacit: It lives in the minds of individuals, and therefore, it is difficult to transfer it to another person by means of the written word or verbal expression. This paper addresses this important problem by introducing a methodology, consisting of a four-step process that facilitates tacit to explicit knowledge conversion. The methodology utilizes conceptual modeling, thus enabling understanding and reasoning through visual knowledge representation...
July 4, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676436/functional-significance-of-men-s-testosterone-reactivity-to-social-stimuli
#20
REVIEW
Samuele Zilioli, Brian M Bird
Rapid testosterone fluctuations in response to social stimuli are observed across a wide range of species, and the highly conserved nature of these fluctuations suggests an adaptive function. This paper reviews the current literature on testosterone reactivity, primarily in human males, and illustrates how life-history theory provides an adequate theoretical framework to interpret findings. The review is structured around supporting evidence suggesting that situations implicated in mating effort either directly (e...
July 1, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
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