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Group prenatal care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916508/development-of-gestation-specific-reference-intervals-for-thyroid-hormones-in-normal-pregnant-northeast-chinese-women-what-is-the-rational-division-of-gestation-stages-for-establishing-reference-intervals-for-pregnancy-women
#1
Jianhua Liu, Xiaojun Yu, Meng Xia, Hong Cai, Guixue Cheng, Lina Wu, Qiang Li, Ying Zhang, Mengyuan Sheng, Yong Liu, Xiaosong Qin
BACKGROUND: A laboratory- and region-specific trimester-related reference interval for thyroid hormone assessment of pregnant women were recommended. Whether the division by trimester is suitable requires verification. Here, we tried to establish appropriate reference intervals of thyroid-related hormones and antibodies for normal pregnant women in Northeast China. METHODS: A total of 947 pregnant women who underwent routine prenatal care were grouped via two methods...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916067/-the-value-of-fasting-plasma-glucose-and-lipid-profiles-between-7-and-15-gestational-weeks-in-the-prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
M Zhao, G H Li
Objective: To explore the value of using fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and lipid profiles between 7 and 15 gestational weeks to predict gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: The medical records of 2 138 pregnant women who had prenatal care in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 2011 to February 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. According to results of the oral glucose tolerance tests, women were devided into the GDM group (n=240) and the normal group (n=1 898). Maternal characteristics, FPG and lipid levels between 7 and 15 gestational weeks were compared between the two groups...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907983/north-korean-refugee-doctors-preliminary-examination-scores
#3
Sung Uk Chae, Jeong Hee Yang, Joon Seop Hyun, June Hee Kim, Seok Hoon Kang
PURPOSE: Although there have been studies emphasizing the re-education of North Korean (NK) doctors for post-unification of the Korean Peninsula, study on the content and scope of such re-education has yet to be conducted. Researchers intended to set the content and scope of re-education by a comparative analysis for the scores of the preliminary examination, which is comparable to the Korean Medical Licensing Examination (KMLE). METHODS: The scores of the first and second preliminary exams were analyzed by subject using the Wilcoxon signed rank test...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903080/inter-pregnancy-interval-and-adverse-outcomes-evidence-for-an-additional-risk-in-health-disparate-populations
#4
Shyama Appareddy, Jason Pryor, Beth Bailey
OBJECTIVE: Short interpregnancy interval (IPI), <18 months between pregnancies, is a potential cause of adverse delivery and birth outcomes, and may be a particular issue among those with other risks. Our goal was to examine IPI and delivery/infant complications in Tennessee. METHODS: Birth certificate/vital records data included 101,912 women with a previous delivery. IPI groups (<6, 6-12, 12-18, 18-60 months) were compared on outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the deliveries had IPI <18 months, 9% were <6 months, rates 11% and 27% higher than nationally...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879326/effects-of-levothyroxine-treatment-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-autoimmune-thyroid-disease
#5
Sima Nazarpour, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Tohidi, Hamid Alavi Majd, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Despite some studies indicating that thyroid antibody positivity during pregnancy has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, evidence regarding the effects of levothyroxine (LT4) treatment of euthyroid/subclinical hypothyroid pregnant women with autoimmune thyroid disease on pregnancy outcome is limited. We aimed to assess whether pregnant women with autoimmune thyroid disease, but without overt thyroid dysfunction are affected by higher rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878609/patterns-of-the-utilization-of-prenatal-diagnosis-services-among-pregnant-women-their-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-in-viet-nam
#6
Duong Thi Thuy Doan, Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at understanding the patterns of the utilization of prenatal diagnostic (PND) services among pregnant women, their satisfaction and its associated factors at three regional prenatal diagnostic centres in Viet Nam. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, with a consecutive sampling method to recruit pregnant women who used PND services at the three biggest regional PND services centres in Viet Nam between January and June, 2014. A total of 298 participants, about 100 participants per centre were interviewed and included in data analysis...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876989/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-in-diabetic-pregnant-women-in-southwestern-of-iran
#7
Jasem Saki, Shahla Shafieenia, Masoud Foroutan-Rad
To investigate anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies in diabetic pregnant women in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran this experiment was performed. In current study the sera of 110 diabetic pregnant women as well as 110 non diabetic pregnant women referred to the hospitals affiliated with the Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences were assessed for anti-T. gondii IgG and IgM antibodies by ELISA and IFA methods. The ELISA assessments showed that 47 (42.7 %) and 3 (2.7 %) of diabetic women were positive for IgG and IgM antibodies, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875924/explaining-ethnic-disparities-in-preterm-birth-in-argentina-and-ecuador
#8
George L Wehby, Mariela Pawluk, Kwame A Nyarko, Jorge S López-Camelo
Little is understood about racial/ethnic disparities in infant health in South America. We quantified the extent to which the disparity in preterm birth (PTB; <37 gestational weeks) rate between infants of Native only ancestry and those of European only ancestry in Argentina and Ecuador are explained by household socio-economic, demographic, healthcare use, and geographic location indicators. The samples included 5199 infants born between 2000 and 2011 from Argentina and 1579 infants born between 2001 and 2011 from Ecuador...
November 22, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871919/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-postpartum-teenagers
#9
Kristl Tomlin, Tammalynn Bambulas, Maureen Sutton, Vanessa Pazdernik, Dean V Coonrod
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if teenage patients receiving prenatal care in an adolescent-focused clinic, emphasizing Long-acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) using motivational interviewing techniques, had higher rates of uptake of postpartum LARC than a control group. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study comparing young women who received prenatal care in an adolescent-focused setting and those enrolled in Standard Prenatal Care. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17 receiving prenatal care within the Maricopa Integrated Health safety-net system between 2007 and 2014...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864486/centeringpregnancy-meeting-the-quadruple-aim-in-prenatal-care
#10
Carmen Strickland, Shannon Merrell, Julienne K Kirk
CenteringPregnancy is a group prenatal care model that engages pregnant women in their care, which results in promising health and system outcomes. This commentary will review this innovative care model with a focus on patient experience, population health outcomes, cost effectiveness, and provider experience.
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862837/the-impact-of-motivational-interviewing-on-participation-in-childbirth-preparation-classes-and-having-a-natural-delivery-a-randomised-trial
#11
M Rasouli, G AtashSokhan, A Keramat, A Khosravi, E Fooladi, S A Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on women's participation in childbirth classes and their subsequent natural vaginal delivery. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Prenatal clinic of the Shohada Women's Hospital, Behshahr, Mazandaran, Iran. POPULATION: This study was conducted with 230 nulliparous women. Participants were randomised into three groups, including 76 women in the motivational interviewing group, and 77 women in both the lecture and the control groups...
November 10, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856479/cohort-study-of-growth-patterns-by-gestational-age-in-preterm-infants-developing-morbidity
#12
S Klevebro, P Lundgren, U Hammar, L E Smith, M Bottai, M Domellöf, C Löfqvist, B Hallberg, A Hellström
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in growth patterns in preterm infants developing major morbidities including retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study of 2521 infants born at a gestational age (GA) of 23-30 weeks from 11 level III neonatal intensive care units in USA and Canada, and 3 Swedish population-based cohorts. OUTCOMES: Birth weight and postnatal weight gain were examined relative to birth GA and ROP, BPD, NEC and IVH development...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853327/the-effects-of-maternal-opium-abuse-on-fetal-heart-rate-using-non-stress-test
#13
Fatemeh Keikha, Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh Vahdani, Sahar Latifi
BACKGROUND: Opium is one of the most commonly abused opiates in developing countries including Iran. Considering the importance of maternal health on the newborn, we aimed to assess the effect of opium abuse on fetal heart rate (FHR) characteristics in a sample of pregnant women in Zahedan, Southeast Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 100 pregnant women referring to Ali-Ibn-Abi Talib Hospital in Zahedan, during 2011-2013. The participants were divided into two groups comprising of opium abusers and healthy individuals...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846824/group-based-prenatal-care-in-a-low-and-high-risk-population-in-the-netherlands-a-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Birgit S van Zwicht, Matty R Crone, Jan M M van Lith, Marlies E B Rijnders
BACKGROUND: CenteringPregnancy (CP) is a multifaceted group based care-model integrated in routine prenatal care, combining health assessment, education, and support. CP has shown some positive results on perinatal outcomes. However, the effects are less obvious when limited to the results of randomized controlled trials: as there are few trials and there is a variation in reported outcomes. Furthermore, former research was mostly conducted in the United States of America and in specific (often high risk) populations...
November 15, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845942/outcome-differences-between-simple-and-complex-gastroschisis
#15
Vesna Milojkovic Marinovic, Maija Lukac, Zeljko Mikovic, Blagoje Grujic, Maja Milickovic, Gordana Samardzija, Aleksandra Stojanovic, Dalibor Sabbagh
BACKGROUND: We reviewed differences of the outcome of newborn with simple and complex gastroschisis treated at our institution over the past fifteen years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all infants with gastroschisis treated at the Institute for mother and child health care, Belgrade, between 2001 and 2015 (n=70). Premature infants (<34 weeks of gestation) and babies with birth weight less than 1500 g were excluded (n=5). We compared outcomes in infants with simple gastroschisis and those with complex gastroschisis...
October 14, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836083/home-births-in-the-context-of-free-health-care-the-case-of-kaya-health-district-in-burkina-faso
#16
Seni Kouanda, Aristide Bado, Ivlabèhiré Bertrand Meda, Gisèle S Yameogo, Abou Coulibaly, Slim Haddad
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with home births in the Kaya health district in Burkina Faso, where child delivery was free of charge between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected from the Kaya Health and Demographic Surveillance System (Kaya HDSS) among women who delivered at home or in a health facility between January 2008 and December 2010. Multilevel logistic regression was applied to quantitative data, while the qualitative data were analyzed thematically based on emerging themes, subthemes, and patterns across group and individual cases...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828986/plasma-mirna-profiles-in-pregnant-women-predict-infant-outcomes-following-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#17
Sridevi Balaraman, Jordan J Schafer, Alexander M Tseng, Wladimir Wertelecki, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Christina D Chambers, Rajesh C Miranda
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are difficult to diagnose since many heavily exposed infants, at risk for intellectual disability, do not exhibit craniofacial dysmorphology or growth deficits. Consequently, there is a need for biomarkers that predict disability. In both animal models and human studies, alcohol exposure during pregnancy resulted in significant alterations in circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in maternal blood. In the current study, we asked if changes in plasma miRNAs in alcohol-exposed pregnant mothers, either alone or in conjunction with other clinical variables, could predict infant outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827515/interventions-for-promoting-the-initiation-of-breastfeeding
#18
REVIEW
Olukunmi O Balogun, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Alison McFadden, Erika Ota, Anna Gavine, Christine D Garner, Mary J Renfrew, Stephen MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely documented risks of not breastfeeding, initiation rates remain relatively low in many high-income countries, particularly among women in lower-income groups. In low- and middle-income countries, many women do not follow World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations to initiate breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. This is an update of a Cochrane Review, first published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe health promotion activities intended to increase the initiation rate of breastfeeding...
November 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809893/neonatal-mortality-and-morbidity-among-infants-between-24-to-31-complete-weeks-a-multicenter-survey-in-china-from-2013-to-2014
#19
XiangYong Kong, FengDan Xu, Rong Wu, Hui Wu, Rong Ju, XiaoLin Zhao, XiaoMei Tong, HongYan Lv, YanJie Ding, Fang Liu, Ping Xu, WeiPeng Liu, HongBin Cheng, TieQiang Chen, ShuJuan Zeng, WenZheng Jia, ZhanKui Li, HuiXian Qiu, Jin Wang, ZhiChun Feng
BACKGROUND: The outcome of preterm infants has been varied in different hospitals and regions in developing countries. Regular clinical monitor are needed to know the effects of health care. This study aimed to describe the survival and morbidity rates of extreme to very preterm infants in 15 neonatal-intensive care hospitals in China. METHODS: Data were collected from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014 for preterm neonates with gestational age (GA) between 24 and 31 complete weeks born in hospitals from our collaborative study group...
November 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806506/frequency-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mortality-in-pregnant-women-in-tehran-iran
#20
Fereshteh Farzianpour, Khatere Ramezani, Najmeh Bahmanziari, Omolbanin Atashbahar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Ending mortality in pregnant women is not just a health challenge, but a development challenge. The purpose of this study was to access the frequency and risk factors associated with maternal mortality in Tehran from 2008 to 2011. METHODS: The present study was a case-control study with a population group which consists of all the women who have died since the beginning of pregnancy up to 42 days after delivery from the year 2008 to 2011 and a control group which consists of all delivered pregnant women with a perfect record in the hospitals (n=16) in Tehran from 2008 to 2011...
July 12, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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