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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332220/perinatal-outcomes-of-unplanned-out-of-hospital-deliveries-a-case-control-study
#1
Yael Pasternak, Eliana Muskin Wintner, Gil Shechter-Maor, Yehonatan Pasternak, Netanella Miller, Tal Biron-Shental
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy and perinatal outcomes of unplanned home or car births vs. in-hospital deliveries. METHODS: A retrospective, case-control study of women who underwent unplanned out-of-hospital deliveries vs. in-hospital deliveries from 2004 through 2014. Matching was based on gestational age and parity in a ratio of 2:1. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups regarding demographic criteria, prenatal care and delivery complications...
January 13, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325216/obstetrical-providers-preferred-mode-of-delivery-and-attitude-towards-non-medically-indicated-caesarean-sections-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Julie C Rivo, Melissa Amyx, Verónica Pingray, Roberto A Casale, Angél E Fiorillo, Hugo B Krupitzki, Julio D Malamud, Maria Mendilaharzu, María Lucía Medina, Gerardo Murga Tartalo, Alicia B Del Pino, Lucio Ribola, Javier A Schvartzman, Monica Trasmonte, Silvana Varela, Fernando Althabe, José M Belizán
OBJECTIVE: To describe obstetrical providers' delivery preferences and attitudes toward caesarean section without medical indication, including on maternal request, and to examine the association between provider characteristics and preferences/attitudes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two public and two private hospitals in Argentina. POPULATION: Obstetrician-gynecologists and midwives who provide prenatal care and/or labor/delivery services...
January 11, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323780/nurses-perceptions-on-the-overuse-of-health-services-a-qualitative-study
#3
Moriah E Ellen, Saritte Perlman
PURPOSE: To examine whether nurses in Israel think there is overuse of health services, the reasons behind the issue, and ways to reduce the overuse. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study using semistructured interviews. A convenience sample of community care nurses from health clinics across Israel was interviewed. Interviews focused on common areas of overuse, outcomes of overuse, causes of overuse, and potential ways to address the issue. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed thematically...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318613/a-facility-based-study-of-factors-associated-with-perinatal-mortality-in-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#4
Gelila K Goba, Hailesilassie Tsegay, Gebremedhin Berhe, Mengistu Mitiku, Kimberly A Kim, Mussie Alemayehu
OBJECTIVE: To identify perinatal mortality risk factors in the Southern Zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. METHODS: The present unmatched case-control study included data from 20 health facilities; stillbirths and neonatal deaths were included as a case group and patients with neonates who survived until discharge or day 7 postpartum were included as a control group. Perinatal mortality risk factors were investigated using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316996/a-randomised-trial-of-early-palliative-care-for-maternal-stress-in-infants-prenatally-diagnosed-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease
#5
Hayley S Hancock, Ken Pituch, Karen Uzark, Priya Bhat, Carly Fifer, Maria Silveira, Sunkyung Yu, Suzanne Welch, Janet Donohue, Ray Lowery, Ranjit Aiyagari
Children with single-ventricle disease experience high mortality and complex care. In other life-limiting childhood illnesses, paediatric palliative care may mitigate maternal stress. We hypothesised that early palliative care in the single-ventricle population may have the same benefit for mothers. In this pilot randomised trial of early palliative care, mothers of infants with prenatal single-ventricle diagnoses completed surveys measuring depression, anxiety, coping, and quality of life at a prenatal visit and neonatal discharge...
January 10, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313167/prenatal-exposure-to-chernobyl-fallout-in-norway-neurological-and-developmental-outcomes-in-a-25-year-follow-up
#6
Rolv Terje Lie, Dag Moster, Per Strand, Allen James Wilcox
Ionizing radiation at high doses early in life may cause neurodevelopmental problems. Possible effects of lower doses are, however, controversial. We use carefully collected exposure data for Norway following the Chernobyl accident in April 1986 combined with population-based registries to assess long-term effects of fetal exposure on neurodevelopmental outcomes. Radiation doses were estimated for each Norwegian municipality for each calendar month from May 1986 to April 1989. We established a cohort of all Norwegian pregnancies during the three-year period of radiation measurement and compared them with appropriate unexposed groups...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304810/socioeconomic-status-can-affect-pregnancy-outcomes-and-complications-even-with-a-universal-healthcare-system
#7
Min Kyoung Kim, Seung Mi Lee, Sung-Hee Bae, Hyun Joo Kim, Nam Gu Lim, Seok-Jun Yoon, Jin Yong Lee, Min-Woo Jo
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, but it remains unclear whether this negative association is attributed to inadequate prenatal care. Korea has been adopting a universal healthcare system. All Korean citizens must be enrolled National Health Insurance (NHI) or be recipient of Medical Aid (MA). In addition, Korean government launched a financial support system for antenatal care for all pregnant women in 2008. Therefore, in theory, there is no financial barrier to receive prenatal cares regardless of someone's social class...
January 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298365/associations-of-prepregnancy-morbid-obesity-and-prenatal-depression-with-gestational-weight-gain
#8
Hema Chagarlamudi, Juhee Kim, Edward Newton
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy outcomes and infant growth and development are influenced by various prenatal and postnatal factors. Gestational weight gain (GWG) is an important indicator of pregnancy management and outcomes. Information about the interaction between prenatal obesity and depression on GWG among low-income women is limited. There also is a lack of information about morbid obesity and GWG. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of prepregnancy weight status, including morbid obesity as a separate group, and prenatal depression with GWG using electronic medical records in an academic prenatal clinic serving a largely low-income population...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294574/-outcomes-of-pregnancy-among-women-with-alpha-thalassemia-minor-a-retrospective-study-of-pingguo-county-in-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region
#9
T Pang, X F Guo, Y H Zhou, X Q Qiu, S Li, Z R Liang, X L Qin, K H Li, X Y Zeng
Objective: To investigate the association between the value of α-thalassemia minor and the outcomes in pregnant women. Methods: A total of 445 pregnant women with α-thalassemia minor were selected as thalassemia group in the Pingguo County Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi from January 2011 to December 2015, with ratio of 1∶4 healthy pregnant women was randomly recruited as non-thalassemia group. Clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were retrospectively analyzed using methods including t test, χ(2) test, and logistic regression model and ROC curve...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282413/effects-of-social-support-and-self-efficacy-on-maternal-prenatal-cares-among-the-first-time-pregnant-women-iranshahr-iran
#10
Hossien Izadirad, Shamsoddin Niknami, Iraj Zareban, Alireza Hidarnia
Objective: Social support and perceived self-efficacy affect health-related behaviors and play an important role on mothers' adaptability with pregnancy. This paper aims to study the impact of educational interventions based on social support and perceived self-efficacy on maternal prenatal care. Materials and methods: The present study is a before after experimental study in which 90 first-time pregnant women were randomly selected and divided into two 45- participants experimental and control groups. Data were collected from 21 January to 20 May 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280806/increasing-the-connectivity-and-autonomy-of-rns-with-low-risk-obstetric-patients
#11
Anne M Baron, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Susan L Stirn, Megan A Morris, Megan E Branda, Jonathan W Inselman, Dawn M Finnie, Christine A Baker
: Objective: RNs are adopting an ever-larger role in health care models designed to reduce costs, increase patient satisfaction, and improve patient outcomes. Most research exploring such models has focused on those involving physicians or advanced practice nurses rather than RNs. This study explored the perspectives of patients, RNs, and other providers regarding a new prenatal connected care model for low-risk patients aimed at reducing in-office visits and creating virtual patient-RN connections. METHODS: This qualitative evaluation was performed as part of a larger randomized controlled trial of the new care model...
January 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278958/clinical-significance-of-pregnancy-in-adolescence-in-japan
#12
Shunji Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We examined the clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes in adolescent pregnancies in Japanese women. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective investigation of all primiparous Japanese women with singleton pregnancies who gave birth at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation aged ≤ 18 years old (adolescent pregnancy, n = 325) and aged 28-30 years old (n = 2029) at Japanese Red Cross, Katsushika Maternity Hospital between 2002 and 2016. RESULTS: The frequencies of smoking, economic problems, an unmarried single status at delivery and the start of prenatal care in the first trimester in the adolescent pregnancy group were significantly higher than in the control group (p < 0...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274326/effect-of-iron-supplementation-on-hba1c-levels-in-pregnant-women-with-and-without-anaemia
#13
Paula Breitenbach Renz, Mayana Kieling Hernandez, Joíza Lins Camargo
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anaemia has been associated with higher HbA1c levels. However, during and after iron supplementation there is a decrease in HbA1c results, causing a misinterpretation. Our aim was to analyse the effect of iron supplementation on HbA1c levels in nondiabetic pregnant women with and without anaemia. METHODS: Pregnant women in prenatal care, without gestational diabetes (GDM) or previous diabetes mellitus (DM) that performed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the third trimester of pregnancy were invited to participate...
December 20, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262487/-the-effect-of-pre-pregnancy-weight-and-the-increase-of-gestational-weight-on-fetal-growth-restriction-a-cohort-study
#14
M Y Shi, Y F Wang, K Huang, S Q Yan, X Ge, M L Chen, J H Hao, S L Tong, F B Tao
Objective: To investigate the effect of pre-pregnancy weight and the increase of gestational weight on fetal growth restriction. Methods: From May 2013 to September 2014, a total of 3 474 pregnant women who took their first antenatal care and willing to undergo their prenatal care and delivery in Ma 'anshan Maternity and Child Care Centers were recruited in the cohort study. Excluding subjects without weight data before delivery (n=54), pregnancy termination (n=162), twins live births (n=39), without fetal birth weight data (n=7), 3 212 maternal-singleton pairs were enrolled for the final data analysis...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246577/the-management-of-myelomeningocele-study-full-cohort-30-month-pediatric-outcomes
#15
Diana L Farmer, Elizabeth A Thom, John W Brock, Pamela K Burrows, Mark P Johnson, Lori J Howell, Jody A Farrell, Nalin Gupta, N Scott Adzick
BACKGROUND: Previous reports from the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) demonstrated that prenatal repair of myelomeningocele reduces hindbrain herniation, the need for cerebrospinal fluid shunting, and improves motor function in children with myelomeningocele. The trial was stopped for efficacy after 183 patients had been randomized, but 30-month outcomes were only available at the time of initial publication in 134 mother-child dyads. Data from the complete cohort for the 30-month outcomes are presented here...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246348/effectiveness-of-a-pediatric-primary-care-intervention-to-increase-maternal-folate-use-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Nymisha Chilukuri, Tina L Cheng, Kevin J Psoter, Kamila B Mistry, Katherine A Connor, Daniel J Levy, Krishna K Upadhya
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of provision of folate vitamins and a preconception health intervention on folate use among mothers bringing infants to pediatric primary care. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cluster randomized trial in mothers presenting with their infants (<12 months) at 4 urban pediatric practices in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area. There were 45 clinicians randomized into an intervention group (15-item preconception health screening and counseling and 90-day multivitamin supply) and control group (preconception health and community resource handouts and 90-day multivitamin supply)...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237011/back-to-bed-from-hospital-to-home-obstetrics-in-the-city-of-chicago
#17
Wendy Kline
This article analyzes the role of doctors and activists in Chicago who successfully redefined the practice and politics of childbirth both locally and ultimately nationwide. It begins with the story of Joseph DeLee's Chicago Maternity Center, responsible for supervising over 100,000 home births between 1932 and 1972. Most of the mothers cared for by the Center were nonwhite, poor, and had little or no access to prenatal care, yet their babies had a far higher survival rate than the nationwide average. Thousands of medical students from all over the Midwest experienced their first deliveries not in hospitals, but in these homes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236917/a-novel-body-mass-index-reference-range-an-observational-study
#18
Sirlei Siani Morais, Mirena Ide, Andrea Moreno Morgan, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE: To generate a new body mass index curve of reference values and ranges for body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy and to compare the new curve and weight gain ranges with the currently used references. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with a total of 5,656 weight and body mass index measurements in 641 women with single pregnancy who attended their first prenatal visit before 12 weeks. All the women were over 18 years old and had no medical conditions that would influence body mass index...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202069/the-evolution-of-socioeconomic-status-related-inequalities-in-maternal-health-care-utilization-evidence-from-zimbabwe-1994-2011
#19
Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
Background: Inequalities in maternal health care are pervasive in the developing world, a fact that has led to questions about the extent of these disparities across socioeconomic groups. Despite a growing literature on maternal health across Sub-Saharan African countries, relatively little is known about the evolution of these inequalities over time for specific countries. This study sought to quantify and explain the observed differences in prenatal care use and professional delivery assistance in Zimbabwe...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196836/modifiable-and-non-modifiable-risk-factors-for-preterm-delivery-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#20
Chelsea Anderson, Andrew B Smitherman, Stephanie M Engel, Hazel B Nichols
PURPOSE: A cancer diagnosis in adolescence and young adulthood (AYA, ages 15-39) may affect future pregnancy outcomes. Previous studies have reported an increased risk of preterm delivery (< 37 weeks of gestation) after maternal cancer treatment. In this analysis, we evaluated whether non-cancer characteristics modify the association between an AYA cancer history and preterm birth. METHODS: North Carolina Central Cancer Registry records (2000-2013) were linked to state birth certificate files (2000-2014) to identify births to AYA cancer survivors (n = 1,980)...
December 1, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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